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Sbh* Sühn tribune.
NKWAPKR DECBIORi l. Anyone who takes a paper regularly from the ' postoffice—whether directed to his name or an* ! other's, or whether he has subscribed or not—is re- i sponsible for the payment. ». If a person orders his paper discontinued he j ■mat pay all arrears, or the publisher will continue : to send it until payment is mndc and coiled the ! Whole amount, whether the paper is taken from the ! postoffice or not. 3. The courts have decided that refusing to take j the newspapers or periodicals from the postoffice, or 1 removing and leaving them uncalled for, is prima itrri* evidence ot intentional fraud. j Papers ordered to any address can be changed to ; another address at the optl'-n of the subscriber. | Remittances by draft, check, money order, or j registered letter, may be sent at onr risk. AI pest 1 are required to register letters on applies Son!*» ' Reaver head County Officers. Sheriff................ Thos. K. Jones ........Dillon. Qdt and Recorder. .Phil. D. McOough....Dillon, Rrobatc- Judge .......H. It. Mellor... ... Dillon. Treasurer.............Robert T. Winr.....Dillon. Assessor..............A. I- Pieketl.....fi Imitate. ftnpt. Schools....... Miss Vf. K. i.':irt«*r. . Dillon. Public Administrator C\ Mead............Dillon. Coroner.............. Dr. II. D. Piekman Dillon# Rtirveror.............|. II# Batterton......Dillon. I W, Me Oliver............Dillon Commissioners. /-(»en. M. Brown . n ----- I Î. Me Johnson... n.innack. Glendale. KOTBL CAM». Vio la ZZ otei. NIOHOLIA, LE MHI OOU HTY, IDAHO Mn. Mary MoBea, Proprietress. Good accommodations and the best the market affigds on the table. *rr< %oi$t §ards. Or. a. n. Keiftihir nu t ting« of Stkildman Posy, No. S, C», A. H., arn h«*ld nn th • second Tttt-Sti.iv of each month at ihi Knoms. Commie* in good st.iM.lin^ art* cordially invited to attend OHIO kl.KMM, iW Com# T. M. O'Connok, Adjutant. • A NCI ENT ORDER OF UKIT 0 A WORKMEN. Dillon Lodge, No. ;, A. O. U. W meets the first and th! . dTueaday evening of each montli, at 8 o'clock, in A.O.U. w Hall on Montana street. Sojourning brethren,! food standing, are cordially invited to attend. CHAS. HIRSCHMAN, M. W. Is B. STlt Ingham, Recorder, _ KNIGHTS OF LABOB. D illon assembly, no. 3731, k. •< l., meets at Dart's Hsll the second and fourth Tffiaday of every month, at 730 p. m. z. o. ex r. in in S. N. bre attend. W.J. Rkkkd, Secretary. QANNACK LODGE, *-* meets every Wednesday i at its Hall in Glendale. Sojourning N*. 8, evening journing good standing, ace cordially Invited le W. T. COOK, X. G. • O CCID ENT LODGE, No. 8, K. ofr„ w fjvefs in convocation every Tfitirsday evening In the Castle Hallf comer ol .Ii 1 *, * n< l Montana streets. All visiting Knights are cordially invi ted to attend. E. I. NELSON, C. C. C. Hirschman, K. nt It. and S. APOLLO LODGE, NO. 15 . if* meets every Monday evening, a! ' its Hail on the corner of Montana and , Bannack streets. Sojourning brothers, la uood standing, are cordially invited tu attend. „ IC. I. NELSON, X.G. L, IIIHSI list AS, Sec I. O. O. V. Occidental i'/ic iiiipmi nt. No. 9, meets the ist îi II* 1 ï?,* ur 'î ;1 , v of eitel; month at Ixulge Hall, in (.lemlalc. All Kojmirning Patriarchs in good standing arc in-'iled to attend. KOIIKKT IIO1 .TON, C. 1*. I'nos. Martin, Ssrihe, THE AMERICAN MAGAZINE. aiAUTIFULLV ILLUSTRATED. This Magnziuc portrays Amcri cau thought and life from occaa to ocnaa* is filled with pure high-class literature, und cun be safely wcl. corned in an y family c ircle. PII8C 25 c. H» 3 A Yi A» BY MAIL. Samp!* Copy pf current number mailed upon re - eeipt 0/ 25 et».; back numbers, 15 ets. Premium LUt with cither. depress; B. T. BVSH tt SON, Publishers, 130 & 132 Pearl St., N. Y. ly A-R-T+ 8 -T-I-C -JOB PRINTING AT THE TRIBUNE OFFICE MINING LOCATION BX,A.If] AT THE TKIBUMK OPTICS. j I I to *nd ' ! i j : ! ! j 1 j ^ 4 KlM c Absolutely Pure. æ er never varies. A marvel cf purity, d wholesomenoas. Mora economical Inarr kinds, and cannot bcsokl in com petition with the multitudo of low test, short weight, alum orphoephate powders. Solooxlt is --- Rotsl Bakins Powoea Co., 100 Wall-ek, V. V N< APPLICATION POR PATENT. Notice No. 1837. U. S. Land Office, Hbi.kna, Montana,) May ij, 1887, j OTICK is hereby given that I.a Fayette .Volt, whose postoffice address is Argenta, Heaver head County, Montana Territory, has this day filed his application lor n patent for T fan linear feet ol the Sprint'S Lode Mining Claim, bearing gold, sil ver and other mentis, with sin-lace ground Goo f.-et in width, situated in the Montana «unorganized) Mining District, Countv of Beaverhead, and Terri tr.rv of Montana, and designated by the field note: and official plat on file in this office' as lait No. 50, in township 6, South Range to West of principe meridian ol Montana Territory tunserveved) sai I.ot No. «(, being more particularly described a tolimvs, to wit : Beginning at tile Southwest corner, a lime-time inxi inches, S im.li.-s above ground; m irked i t rn lor corner No. i, with a mound of stone alongside Iront which tin imiter section corner between sections ij and tS f. b, S. Ks. io and 11 \V. heirs S. 71 degrees and ii) minutes W. jt.0-1 feel distant and running thence, S. Si degress E Wioleet; thenci N. 13 degrees and At minutes \V. tjoo feei; thence N. Si degrees W. In o feet; and thence S. 15 degrees and 45 minutes K. 1500 feet to the place of begin ning, and containing a total area of 19.05 acres, of which jxm at res is in conflict with wurvev /Vn. 'Butorin Lode, and nt»t claimed bv said applicant; net area claimed In said applicant 17.n1 acres.*. The location of this mining claim is recorded in the office of the Recorder of the County of Beav erhoad, in Volume 6 of locations, page 491. The an joining claims are on the West Survey No, 1H73, the Reform farde, on the South Survey No. 1871, the Wooley laide, and on the Southeast Survey No. 1S74, the Florida Lode. *0—30 S. W. Languor ns, Register. Mrs. Eastman's Butte Restaurant, --AND-- LODGING HOUSE, MONTANAST., DILLON The tables of the Restaurant are Always Supplied With the Best the Mar ket Affords The Lodging I louse has been refitted and new ly plastered, and is in first-class condition for tit. reception ot guest*. 41-If. Kept on sale at the TRIBUNE OFFICE, —OR— Pat Up to Order on Short Notleo. Acknowledgements, Quart/ location blanks—large or small. \\ ater right location blanks. Ilargaiii and sale deeds. Warranty deeds. Mortgages. Chattel, mortgages. Summons—Justicc's court. Executions—Justice's court. Subpunas—]ustice's court. M ittinuis —J ustice's court. Affidavit of Attachment—Justice's court. Garnishees—notice of. Promissory notes—several styles. Blank shipping tags printed to order. Blar.i; programmes and folders. Stock receipts —Bound tlie long way for office use, also, the short wav for conve nience of carrying in the pocket. Blank tablets, for counter or pocket use also, put up to order on short notice. Ruled cardboard, for placing under un ruled paper when writing. Letter beads, note beads, statements,etc. neatly tableted without extra charge; and blotters added at cost of putting them on. Pine blotting board kept in stock and cut to any desired size. Mourning note and envelopes in stock *nd printed to order. Even tlting in the printing line at cash prices for cash. THE PENINSULA. From Fortress Monroe to Oaks Battleground, Fair GEN. GEORGE B. M'CLELLAN, The People Hailed Him as the "Young j Napoleon." 1 A State of C'lii-onir Nervousness About til# Safety of Washington Prevented Mc Clellan from lteing Supported as Un Wished—The Seeond Siege ol' York town— Working Slowly and Painfully l'p the Pen instil;. Toward llieliinoiid— In the Swamp»—The CliiekahniiNiiiy. During the winter of 1803 London Punch re marked that Ibo American civil war was the civilest it ever heard of. In the summer of 18til the north had liec-n crying for r. leader. Popular demand was satisfied by the appointment of Maj. Hen. George Brintou McClellan to lie commander in chief, first of the army of the Potomac, then of the armies of the whole United States. The first promotion came July 27, tho second Nov. 1,1801. It was not till tho next spring, 1SU2, how ever, that any fighting was done by tho army of the Potomac. Tho quarter centennial time of that fighting has come. It finds most of •tho leaders on both sides gone from the scene of all earthly strife. McClellan was not only a West Pointer, but had seen actual ser vice in the Mexican war. He was born in Philadelphia in 1820. IIo was grad uated from West Point liefere he was 20 years old. The most promising graduates of West Point urc immedi ately assigned to *the engineer corps, fit is tho crack corps of the regu lar army. Young Mci.eli.ax. McClellan wus at Once attached to this body with the rank of sec ond lieutenant. Ho was really one of the most brilliant officers of tho government. When ever quick, accurate oiiservation and scien tific information were demanded, ho was put forward. At one time' ho was a government exploring engineer in Washington and Oregon territories. Again, ho wus one of three United States officers sent to the Crimen in '55 to study and report on the art of war in Europe. At this timo he was Capt. MeClcllnu und one of the youngest men who ever attained that rank in the country. In 1857 he resigned from tho army and went into railroad building and engineering. When tho war broke out in 1801 ho was president of theeastern division of tho Ohio and Mississippi railroad, and lived in Cincinnati. Knowing him skilled in military mutters, the Ohio people hod him immediately placed at tho head of the volunteer service of that state. May 11,1801, ho was made a major general in tho United States army, and assigned to command tho department of the Ohio. Shortly afterward took place his campaign in West Virginia. He did brilliant service there, service which resulted in keeping West Virginia to t lie Union. Then it was that he was called to Washing ton, and placed over the. army of the Potomac. The O. A. R. -boys'' of to-day will shake their gray heads and smile sadly as they recall that time when McClellun went to Washington. According to our American fashion, newspapers nnd jieoplo went wild with enthusiasm over him. He was only 34 years old, handsome and dashing. He looked the perfect soldier. People called him the "Young Nnjxileon," und hailed him as the country's deliverer. All through McClellan's letters to liis wife nro mentioned tho ovations he received as ho passed through to Wash ington, nnd even beforo that. After his success in West Virginia he writes to Mrs McClellan: "Well, it is a proud and glorious thing to see a whole people here, simple and unsophis ticated, looking up to mo ns their deliverer from tyranny.'' Again: "I had a very complimentary dispatch from Gen. Scott last night. He said lie was 'charmed with my energy, inovenietits nnd success.' Pretty well for tho old man." AT WASHINGTON. Plueed in command of the army of the Potomac headquarters at Washington, Mc Clellan immediately proceeded to restore the troops to prime lighting condition after tho disaster of Hull Run. Any of the peoples of Europe could not have lieliered that wc were as ignorant of all pertaining to war -is we wen« when McClellan took command at Hashington. (Jen. Harnunl, Ids chief of en gineers, tells how their corps hid to eon teiul with the want of a special engineer service. There was no properly organized tram for conveying sapors' and miners' im plements, intrenching tools and bridge build mg appurtenances, etc. Axes were given to the soldiers to carry for use iu chopping down trees, building roads, etc. The soldier carried it till he got tired end then threw it awav Next camp lie got a new one, and so oïl Iho transportation of even the pontoon equi page tell on tlie already overburdened quar termaster's department during the heavy campaigning of the Peninsula. McClellan set immediately about building an army from the stragglers of Hull Hun ar.d from the recruits that poured in at the second call. The result of his labors was in time tho splendid army of tho Potomac. In the iude luent of various good authorities McClellan was the liest organizer and equipper of uu arm v either side had during the war. In hj s memoirs McClellan writes of this time of preparation; "f passed long days iu the saddle and inv ights in the nffi «e—a very fatiguing life, but cme whirl! made iny jx>wer felt even-where and by every one." He felt eluted, too, by his call to Washing ton. He writes at that time: "President cabinet and (ten. Scott nil deferring to me! Bv some strange operation of magic I seem to have l»ecom<> tin* power of the laud." McClellan paid particular attention to the defenses of Washington, and in course of timo made it a well fortified city. After the battle of Bull Run the Confederates were ad vanced dangerously near to Washington. Centreville, a little town in Virginia only twenty miles southwest of Washington, was regarded as the key to the capital. Aftei Hull Run even that was abandoned, and all the Union army went trooping i>ellmell into Washington. The Confederate forces under Beauregard immediately occupied it. In deed. (ren. Joseph E. Johnston afterward ad vanced the Confederate lines even to Mun «gp-j Hill, in an air line only six inUes from Washington. For weeks the Confederate flag floated on Munson's Hill in plain sight of the marble dome of the CapitoL Centreville ait.l Manassas, both far too dose to Washington, were the points at which the Confederate army concentrated after Bull Run. Beau regard commanded it up to the end of January, 1803. Then ho was sent west, and Joseph E. Johnston became general in chief of the Confederate army of the east. McClellan called for more nnd more recruits for his army. President gex. joe johxston. Lincoln and the cabinet did I heir liest to satisfy him. By the last of October McClellan had a well equipped army ot 134,285 men, his effective force, ready for lighting. There was an aggregate of 108,U18. The ] »copie expected the Young Napoleon to fight. He talked about striking an effective blow and making a "short, sharp, decisive" campaign, which should finish the war. Opjiosed to hint at Centreville and Manassas was a Confederate force of 50,000 effective men. President Lincoln was exceedingly anxious that the favorite general should strike the grand blow he h:ul promised. "If something is not done soon," said Lincoln, ''the bottom will fall out of everything." McClellan r.nncunced that' the "crushing defeat of the rebel army nt Manassas" was liis object, and t hat an advance against it ''should not lie (tostpoued beyond Nov. ÎÎ5." That date came and went, the year 1801 faded out and 1802 was ushered in, and still no great blow was struck. In February, iu n letter to President Lincoln, tho general says; "I have ever regarded our true policy as being that of fully preparing ourselves." February passed and still no "blow," ex cept of tho kind which one meets upon paper. By Mardi 1 the i »copie of the United .States had run up a debt of «000,000,000 in equipping und preparing armies, chiefly that, of the Po tomac. In the months of inaction, too, with the vast and constantly increasing army lying idle ut Washington, the Confederates had actually blocked tho Potomac by planting batteries on the Virginiu side of the Potomac some twenty five miles below Washington, Press and people were howling for something to he done, nnd President Lincoln was well nigh distracted. Gen. McClellan for some time refused even to communicate liis plan of campaign to Mr. Lincoln. Once the anxious president called on the general, who sent hack word that he was ill and could not see him. But next, day McClellan was dressed and out riding. To ail attempts to urge him forward lie replied that ho was not ready. THE PENINSULA. >15 THE WAR IX V 1 BGIKIA. Turn now to your map, run your linger down the Chesiqieakc bay, and stop at that; portion of Virginia I »et ween the James and the Y ork rivers. Run your eve up that, and you will see that it is a long tongue of land formeil uy those two rivers, anil Iving north west and southeast. That is "the Peninsula," and there is where McClellan's battles were lough. . \\ ell uj> toward the upper end lies Kielin,oud. the objective point of the army of the 1 otomae. Slightly to the north of Rieh moud you will notice a long, crooked little river, which flows to the southeast, then sud denly takes a sharp turn to the south and cmptics into the ^ *«55 James. That is the C li i e a ii o m iny, where much light ing was done, but where fevers aial malaria carried off more men than nil the light ing in Vir ginia. Within its _____ _____ _ , . pois on I .reeding s" a mps i,o the «en. maorider. , crumbling bones of thousands of as breve! as over shouldered a musket. i nt time de- > lost •« (Min ,! La f *' S 1 . Pe ' leral * division alone Mnv Uen 1,0,11 sil 'knessduring April and 1 Tl' , . . - 8 * 0011 » difference of opinion ! •lb,«.» ii„. î;. ~'7"' ""»«cnee or opinion ! taklm h T , of marcl1 wl >«ch Should 1h.« ! .m ''- » ; ! h r re ' Vas a "rt of triangle of ; plan of* * can inain^ oonsu,tcl iu forming the coin and hi 'i* . Ono " ilK President Lin-! ruin.?. .cabinet, another was Gen M -. mv-ss'.,Vo. t . U, !! l ,' Vas î he committee of'eon- ! ::.............. »«»i all military affaii-s. President Lincoln had one plan , ,f Bttnek McClellan another. The president's i " to move on tho Confederates direct at r ville and attack them in their st',. teutr - McClellan's was to go down the Che®?* 10 ^' and then work up to Richmond y Sapeak e capture the capital of the Confedera-vk 4,1(1 the army at Centreville could prevent > 0 has not been decided to this day wt - i 11 was the best. Either one might have k* 0 successful if carried out quickly, a. > be * 11 there were delay and hanging back and ' Vas ' ment, while weeks and months tveri 8 * 1 " McClellan's plan was finally adopted rIT fact remains that from that day on McCi ii regarded the authorities at Washington * • natural enemies. In his letters durin!^ Peninsula campaign occur such exm-Jf ns these: 'Pression., "Those hounds at Washington are after m In these words he refera to President t • coin and his cabinet and the conm-essio ' committee, including in the lump WI !rr l military commandera. Especially he m ceived a deadly enmity to Secretary s».,,^ 11 ' March 8,1852, the president issued his oral war order No. 3, directing tho arinyrt the Potomac to move down tho Cbesapeat The permission was given with the cxm^ condition that Washington shouldneverb so stripped of troops as to he endangered. March 0 the Confederate army evacuated Centreville. It had lain, with 50,000 men twenty miles from Washington oppoj. ed to an army three times as large for months. March 5 Gen Joseph E. Johnston "detected indica- tions of unusual activity in a part ---. of the Fédérait camp." Swiftly and silently there upon he moved to tho south bank of -*• ÏÏ5S2 never was any more chance to get behind the Confederate army and take Richmond. The opportunity was lost. There was nothing for it now but to move down tho Chesapeake and then work up to ward Richmond in tin« face of the Confeder ate army. Two routes were proposed, but that adopted was McClellan's own. going to Richmond by a march up the Peninsula, be tween the York and the James rivers. The lino of march is shown on our map by « dotted line. March 17 the army of the Potomac Hlgan their move to Fortress Monroe. They went down the Potomac and Chesa]>eahe bay in transports. Twenty thousand men, largely fresh recruits, had been left at Washington. All the subsequent differences and unpleasant feeling between Gen. McClellan nnd the authorities ut Washington maybe summed up in a very few words: Tho president, secre tary of war and congress were unwilling to increase (ten. McCiellan's army by the re enforcements ho constantly demanded be cause they feared it would leave Washington dangerously exposed. ON TO RICHMOND. Gen. McClellan had expected tho constant co-operation of the navy in the campaign of the Peninsula. Gunboats and transports were to move up the rivers, conveying troops and supplies, and hovering as a protection to the force that moved by land between tho rivera. The James river was at that time in possession of tho Confederiftes, but the gen eral hoped, " by rapid movements," to open up the James river and capture Johnston', army and Richmond before re-enforcement, could arrive from tho west and south. For some timo previous tho United State navy had been engaged iu watcliing the Con federate ram Merriinac ut Fortress Monroe. But the duel between the Monitor and Merri iliac, oil'Hampton Roads, Mardi tt, multi), presence of the Monitor at the fortress left that point a comparatively safe base of opera tions. Sound military critics agree that Me Clellan should have taken Norfolk before starting up the Peninsula. But he did not. Ho left it, with the navy yard in full operation and the Mcrriniao steaming aud screaming defiance about th« hay. At the same time lie expected nnd in sisted on tho co-operation of the Federal naval vessels in liis campaign toward Richmond. T h - first plan was a combined land uud naval attack upon Yorktown up tho York river from Fortress Monroe. But the navy could not "co-operate," as «he genera! under stood it should, and ; Gen. Wehli, in his - "Poniusula Cam-' pnign," puts that down as Model- GEÎÎ * K * D * k® yes - laus first disappointment. Ho began tin march up tho Peninsula April 4, 18)12. Hi army was divided into two columns, rigb and left. The right marched tip along Yorl n\or toward Yorktown, under Gen. Hetnt Telman. The left, commanded by (ten. Keyc followed tho James river up toward Williams aiig. By following the line of march upoi «ho map. the course of the two columns will >e clear. Keyes was to proceed ::s rapidly «■ might he on the west and occupy Halfway House, a point ou the narrow dividing rslg which formed the watershed between Hi* iork and James rivers. He was to halt hen 1 and by all means prevent either the escape of the t onfederate garrison nt Yorktown or the throwing in of re-enforcements to them. Keyes was expected to reach Halfway House April 5. But lie did not. The two month.- rain of the spring of ist!2 began a [he Federal army began to move. The road' points impassable for artU 'fcarnc nt sum. lery. her thing: In all the years that tl 1 1,lte(l States find been a country there nev< ,'J.V oe " f m ««rirato map made of this pa: of \ irginia. Of the region immediately i R'°nt of Heintzekuan's column there wasi region ! ,uul01 «eim.-.einiaifs oo____________ ^«er mai» than the one made when the Rn' Sieged Yorktown i, ; in 1781. mei l t . SHrvo . v of the Peninsula had l*e. ,,W ' 1 V 1,1 1S18 > l ' 1 » later than that there »«'hing to goby. T hl ' lalul ,K ' f "re McClellan's army wa unms knew notiiing, except just rainel. That was plain enougli. I Cone/mtni on nett fagr. ] that