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Junior Fair Is Outstanding Achievement An unqualifeid success is the the pronouncement of officials and sponsors of the Browning Junior Fair, held on Friday, Sat urday and Sunday last at the Browning fair grounds, with ex hibitors and participants from every section of the county tak ing part. While no accurate account of the attendance was possible, as no admission fee was charged, it la believed that more people vis ited the grounds, viewed the ex hibits and enjoyed the programs than in any previous year. Visitors at the fair who have attended former exhibitions re marked about the improvements in both the quality and quantity of the products and craft show ings on display this year over any previous displays. The facilities for displaying the exhibits were improved, too, and each year the buildings show increased and im proved accommodations. During the first two days of the fair much time and attention was devoted to the placing of displays and the work of the judges in making the awards. Visitors came and left in smaller numbers but the total attendance was; large. On Sunday, the last day,. the grand stand was well filled to watch tlie Rodeo performance and cheer the young performers ' as they presented a most credit able show. Practically all of the Sunday afternoon attendants at the show also viewed the exhibits and were loud in their praise of I the showings in all departments. ; A total of 368 entries were made in all departments. This is a slight increase over the past two years. The 4-H entries were higher, while the F.F.A. entries were slightly lower. The livestock barns were well filled with cattle taking the lead, and there were quite a number of sheep exhibits, but the swine de partment was small. All or most of the livestock shown was raised by tlie young people of the reser vation area as a part of their FEA and 4-H training projects. Many Awards Made Awards were made in all de partments. including the exhibits made by. 4-H members and the FEA These awards were made, not on tlie basis of a first, second and third ribbon for exhibits ac tually shown, but according to certain standards set up by state wide requirements. Tints a red, ribbon might mean the highest award in the local show, but not quite up to standards required for a blue ribbon-award in a larg er exhibition with a wider field of competition. It is Impossible to print, in the limited space and time available, all of the individual awards, with detailed desription, but the fol lowing summary tells the story in brief: Dress Revue—The following re ceived awards in this depart ment: Carrol McGlothlin, Sher ry Ungar. Sylia Luchi. Annabeth Torgerson, Patty Hughes, Verna Luchi, Georgianna Hall, Mershia Rutherford, Dolores Walters. Darline Luchi, Connie Severtson, Frances Lukin,Carol Pepion, Ed ith Lewis, Julene Pepion, Patty Kuka, Gloria Luchi. Special Awards for Dress Re vue — Carrol McGolphin. Cut Bank: dress from Higgins Dress Cut Bank, dress from Watson’s Shop, Browning; dress from Wat son's Dress Shop, Cut Bank; Mer shia Rutherford, dress from the Avenue, Cut Bank. Clothing Judging—Georgianna Hall, Patty Jo Kuka,Verna Luchi Annabeth Torgerson, Sylvia Lu chi.Carrol Pepion, Julene Pep ion,Fay Pepion, Frances Lukin, Marshia Rutherford, Joan Davis, Edith Lewis, Charles Lukin, Do lores Walters, Darlene Luchi. Beef Judging, 4-H—Richard Walters, Dolores Walters. Beef Judging, FFA—Howard Pepion, Neil Parsons, Phillip Roy. Hugo Johnson, Robert Stillsmok ing. Sheep Judging, FFA—Neil Par Roy, Hugo Johnson. Showmanship, Beef—Neil Par sons, Championship. Sheep, Ir win Crawford, Reserve Champion 4-H Exhibits, Beef Cattle—Rog er Walters, Dolores Walters. Yearling Heifer—Jay Harwood, Joan Harwood, Phillip Rattler, (Continued on Page 3) THE GLACIER REPORTER Indian Policy Outlined By Assistant Secretary The following address was re cently delivered by Orme Lewis at Gallup, New Moxico: Because this is my first public address on the subject of Indian affairs sine e I joined the Depart ment of the Interior last January it is appropriate that I am able to make it in this community of Gallup and in connection with the Gallup Ceremonial. Gathered here in the heart of the southwestern Indian territory are representatives of tribal groups from all .over the western United States. For the next sev eral days we will participate in one of the most colorful and en joyable exhibits of native Amer ican culture Gallup has every reason to be proud of the annual Ceremonial which has gradually achieved an impressive nation wide reputation. I am glad also to be in Gallup because it is the home commun ity of Glenn L.Emmons, the new Commissioner of Indian Affairs, who took the oath of office in Washington Monday just before I left there. While it is early to be talking about Mr. Emmons' achievements as Commissioner, I am sure he will soon demon strate a sympathetic understand ing of the problems which face our Indian people and work to ward their solution with the same vigor that has marked his career as a busness executive and a com munity leader, leader. Commissioner Emmons was chosen after consultation with Indian leaders representing more than 10 different tribal groups and after careful study of several other excellent candidates whose names were suggested. In his career in Gallup we found the qualities which 1 believe are re quired for the important job as head of the Bureau. I want you to know that he has the full sup not only of Secretary McKay and myself, but also of President Eisenhower as hetakes over his new responsibilities. I trust that the Indian people and those who are interested in their wel fare will lend their support to Commissioner Emmons in the difficult task ahead. I can assure you that your co operation will be welcome and will prove fruitful to the Indians. My major purpose in coming here is to discuss with you the policy of the Administration in the field of Indian affairs. Last March, following a dis cussion which I had with the chairman of Indian affairs sub committes of the House and Sen ate, I wrote a letter to the chair man of the Senate committee. Senator Arthur V. Watkins, and and Congressman William H. Harrison,, outlining the Depart ment's basic policy on Indian af fairs which had been agreed upon by Secretary McKay and myself. The key paragraph of that letter was as follows: "Federal responsibility for ad ministering the affairs of individ ual Indian tribes should be term inated as soon as rapidly as the circumstances of each tribe will permit. This should be accom plished by arrangements with the proper public bodies of the po iiticcal sub divisions to assume re sponsibility for the services cus tomarily enjoyed by the nonln dian residents of such political subdivisions and by distribution of tribal assets to the tribes as a unit or by division of the tribal assets among the individual mem bers, whichever may appear to be the better plan in each case. In addition, responsibility for trust properties should be trans ferred to the Indians themselves either as groups or individuals, as soon as feasible.” In that paragraph we covered a lot of territory in a compara tively few words. I am grateful for this opportunity to explain fully what we are trying to ac complish and how we are going about it. We are faced with an unusually complex set of relationships be tween the Federal Government, and the more than 20 Indian tribes or tribal groups. These re lationships are embodied in thousands of laws and hundreds of treaties enacted and ratified over a period of more than a century. They have become deep ly imbedded in the lives of the Indian people. I believe there is a growing recognition today among both Indians and non-Indians that the the keynote of any successful program of Indian administration should be to work toward the el imination of these special rela tionships between the Federal Government and the Indian pco- (Continued on Page 3) Browning, Glacier County, Montana Friday, August 21, 1953 Leasing at All-Time High Prominent Young Couple Married Here Wednesday In a double ring ceremony, Miss Margery Dean Marion, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ed ward A. Marion, pf Browning, and Carroll A. Eliason, son of Mr and Mrs. O. A. Eliason, of Mason City, lowa, were married August 18th, by Rev. A. M. D. Gillen at the Church of the Little Flower, in Browning. “ Given in marriage by her fath er, the bride chose a chapel length wedding gown of imported tulle over net and taffeta, fash ioned with a sculptured pointed bodice of tulle over taffeta. An invisible yoke with jewell neck- (line, long, tapering sleeves and folds of tulle trimmed the bodice. Her misty illusion veil was at tached to a cap of lace embellish ed in pearls. She carried a white prayer book with red sweetheart roses. Mrs. J. C. Crosset of Oaksdale, Washington, sister of the bride, was matron of honor, and Miss Patricia Mason of Winfield, lowa, was bridesmaid. The bride’s at tendants wore identical dresses of nylon net in deep coral, fash ioned with satin bodices, with stoles and full net skirts trimmed in bands of satin. Their head dresses were halos of carol flow ers. They wore coral lace mitts and carried colonial boquets of coral carnations Suzanne Cros sett, niece of the bride, was flow er girl, and wore white nylon or gandy. She had a head dress of coral flowers. Jimmy McFad yean, of Browning, was ring bear er. Robert Brush, of Lewistown, served as best man, and ushers were Earl Rorbaugh, Lewistown, and Thomas J. McFadyean, of Browning. The bride’s mother wore a dress of raspberry chantilly lace over pink taffeta with matching accessories and a pink carnation corsage. Genevieve Marquez sang Ave Maria, accompanied by Mrs. James Leadbetter, organist. A reception was held at the home of the bride’s parents im mediately following the cere mony. A beautiful four-tiered wedding cake centered the buffet table which was covered with a linen table-cloth made in Ire land. an heirloom of the Wright Haggerty family and a wedding present to his mother. Assist ing were Mrs. Gerald O'Rielly, Mrs. T. J. McFadyean,Mrs. A. E. Hance, Mrs. George Mollander, Mrs. Wright Haggerty, Miss Vir ginia Messalt, and Mrs. Ford Shook. Mrs. Ted Miller had charge of the guest book. For travel Mrs. Eliason wore a platinum gray suit with match ing accessories and a red rose corsage. The couple will live at LaPorte City, lowa, where Mr. Eliason will teach this fall. The bride is a graduate of Holy Name Academy, Spokane. Wash. She attended The College of £t. Catherine, St. Paul. Minn., and is a graduate of Montana State Un iversity. where she was a mem ber of Delta Gamma Sorority. The bridegroom, a navy veter an, attended lowa State Teachers College, and is now completing his Master’s degree in education. He has taught at Fergus County High School the last three years. Out-of-town guests included Mrs. Frank Stanford, Mrs. Ida Curran, of Spokane, great aunts of the bride; Mrs. W. S. Higgins, Spokane, Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Marion, Missoula, Mr. and Mrs. Jerry O'Rielly. Great Falls, Mr. and Mrs. Earl Rorbaugh. and Mr. and Mrs. Robert Brush. Lewis town. FORMER BROWNING PEOPLE VISIT HERE FROM TACOMA Mr. and Mrs. Louise Ruther ford and daughters, Mrs. Priscil la Cox and Mrs. Pansy Cavanagh, arrived from Tacoma last Thurs day for a few days visit with relatives They plan to return some lime this week. Although they enjoy living in Tacoma, they state they long to be back in Browning, their former home. Pansy's husband, who is a sear gent in the army, now stationed in Japan, and planning to be a career soldier. Priscilla, since the family made their home on the coast three years ago, is em ployed in a civilian capacity at the Bremerton navy yard. Continuing the Browning Chief • Recent developments in the oil industry have brought increased interest in lands on the Blackfeet Inlian reservation. Mos t im portant of these developments have been the discovery of the largest gas prroducing well on ; the North American continent in the Pincher Creek field just ' north of the western portion of the Blackfeet reservation, and the discovery of a new oil produc ing sand in the Del Bonita field a little further east. This new formation lies just below what is called the Madison lime. Before discovery of this new well, the Madison lime was thought to be the major oil bear ing geological formation. Dis covery of the new well, however, seems to have created a general impression that perhaps wells i drilled in this area have not been completed to a sufficient depth to adequately test the area,, as this new well flowed 500 barrels of oil per day on initial test. Dis covery of the gas well spotlights attention on the vast mountain front extending along the east slope of the Rocky mountains the entire length of the Blackfeet In dian reservation, and discovery of the new oil producing sands in the Del Bonita field has created considerable interest in reserva tion lands just across the border. Most recent evidence of this interest is the fact that two leases have just been approved to the Union Oil Company by the Black feet Tribe on approximately 7.000 acres of land located in Town ships 36 and 37, Ranges 8 and 9. and just across the border from the new Del Bonita wells. The Blackfeet Tribal Council has al so approved an application from the Union Oil Company for the advertisement of 1,114.15 acres of tribbal mineral lands located in Secs. 18, 19, 29 and 30 in Twp. 37, Range 8 W. and immediately ad jacent to the land recently leased to the Union Oil Co. Although interest was stimu lated by the discoveries mention ed, more than mild interest in potential oil and gas lands on the reservation has been developing for some. time. Leases have been negotiated over the past several months with owners of i patent-in-fee lands on tlie reser vation, and since April of 1953. the Blackfeet Tribal Council’ has granted permits to the Standard Oil Co., Shell Oil Co., Gulf Oil Qo., Continental Oil Co., and the Union Oil Co. to make geophys ical surveys of tribal lands on the Blackfeet reservation. Leasing of Tribal lands has been slowed considerably by the necessity of the Tribal Council obtaining permission of the De partment of the Interior of the form of advertisement to be used in each individual sale. It has been the policy of the Bureau of (Continued on Page 3) Junior Fair Rodeo Spectacular ter which sponsors the event had very fine cooperation from a number of men who assisted in various ways. Bill Norm a n again acted as arena director and did his usual fine job. Ben Romsa and Spec Mathews acted as bareback judges, while Eddy and Dan Connelly. Gordon Du Bray. Ron Norman. Hank Parsens gave assistance as barrier men. flag men. etc. Mrs. Bernice Louisetc. Mrs. Bernice Louis served as usual as timer and scorer. Lester Johnson. Hank Parsens and Gordon Dußray all provided some exccellent cows and calves for the various events, while the horses were all provided by the Connelly brothers. This string Martin "Buddy ' Connelly won the All-Around Cowboy award buckle at the Third Annual Gla cier District F. F. A. rodeo, held in Browning last Sunday after noon. This rodeo was held as the closing event of the Browning Junior Fair, and was by far the most successful of the three Jun ior Rodeos held to date. Young Connelly took the all around by winning first in both the wild-cow riding and the steer decorating. Ken Parsens, of Browning and Bill Brewer of Cas cade tied for second in the all around with four points apiece, I while Vern Kuka of Valier and | Don Dubray of Browning tied for I third with three points each, and Bill Brewer got one point by tak : ing 3rd in calf roping, and three j points for first in bareback. Par- Historic Pageant to be Staged at Cut Bank Next Saturday and Sunday, August 22 and 23, will be present ed in Cut Bank another of a ser ies of pageants directed by Mr. Bert Hansen, professor at Mon tana State University, bringing to life many scenes of early day Montana history. The Cut Bank pageant will re tell the story of the discovery of Marias pass, where the Great Northern Railway company fin ally found a feasible route to get through the Rocky Moun tains in their program to extend the Hill rail route to the Pacific coast. Other similar pageants held : other Montana counties have proved highly entertaining and of much valuable educational interest. Many residents of the western part of the county are planning to attend the affair. “The historical pageant, “The Mysterious Marias Pass on the Wild High Border”, is a dramatic account of the development of transportation in this area. The first episode of the pag eant takes place when Merriweth er Lewis is searching for a pass through the northwest. He en counters a band of war-like In dians. The secret of the Marias pass is surrounded with supersti tion built up by the Blackfeet In dians and many brave white men were driven away by the bogey. In the second episode, which takes place in the Bitterroot, the decision to abandon the explora tion of the northern pass is dis closed. The course of history is changed, delaying the opening ' of this area. Then James Stephens conquers the Marias Pass and the supersti tion. He assures James Hill, the railroad empire builder, that a railroad can be built through the pass, thus opening up a rich country. In the fourth episode the first train arrives at Cut Bank. The arrival of the train builds up , both hopes and doubts of the set tlers. The final episode, taking place in 1913,depicts the famous Glidden caravan tour. Interest is now focused on developing Glacier Park and thus one of the biggest businesses in Montana today—the tourist trade On the streets of Cut Bank can be seen bearded men and cos tumed ladies who are in the pag eant spirit. Many of the stores have window displays depicting times portrayed in the pageant. The Chamber of Commerce and the Retail Trade committee are awarding prizes for the best beards, costumes and displays. Don't depend too much on luck —or soon you'll have nothing else to depend on. sen’s points were acquired by taking 2nd in both the decor ating and wild cow. Kuka took first in the calf roping while Dußray took first in the Break away roping. This was a farewell perform ance in FFA competition for Bill Brewer of Cascade. He recently took fourth place in the nation al High School rodeo at Rapid City. South Dakota. Others who will not be eligible for FFA com petition another year are Ken Parsens. Pugs Guardipee. Clar ence Homegun, Don Dußray,Dale Salois and Huey Welch of the local cowboys. However the per formance of some of the younger fellows proved the FFA will not want for competitors in the fu ture. Winners—Following is a list of winners at the afternoon per formance: All Around Cowboy—lst. Mar tin Connelly; 2nd Bill Brewer and Ken Parsens; 3rd, Vern Ku ka; 4th. Clarence Homegun, Pugs Guardipee and Hugo Johnson. Bareback—lst, Bill Brewer; 2nd, Pugs Guardipee; 3rd. Wilson Roy. Breakaway Roping—lst, Don Dußray; 2nd, Robert Stillsmok ing; 3rd. Hugo Johnson. Calf Roping—lst, Vern Kuka; 2nd, Clarence Homegun; 3rd, Huey Welch. Steer Decorating—lst, Martin Connelly; 2nd, Ken Parsens; 3rd, Hugo Johnson. Wild Cow Riding—lst, Martin (Continued on Page 3) B. K. Wheeler Honored By Montana Democrats । Former Senator Burton K. . Wheeler was the honor guest i at a gathering of democratic lead i ers and party workers at the ! Ranch, between Cut Bank and I Shelby, on Wednesday evening ! of this week. The meeting was sponsored by democratic leaders of Cut Bank, and was largely attended by representatives from not only ! this county but from Toole, Pon dera, Teton and Liberty counties i and special guests from other points in the state. According to the announce ment, no particular political sig nificanc is attached to the meet ing, but inasmuch as Montana will elect a United States senator next year. Sen. Murray s term ex piring at that time, the gathering of the faithful at this early date, with the former accepted head of the party as honor guest, caused some politiccal eye-brow raising in certain quarters. A sizeable delegation from Browning attended the meeting, and report a most interesting ev ening. Long time friends of the for mer senator, who had known him when he was a power in the U. S senate and recognized leader of his party in Montana, enjoyed meeting him. and exchanging reminiscences, recalling some of the old-time battles when the courageous young attorney from Butte was considered something of a political fire-brand by the more conservative members of his party. He served 24 years in the senate, and ironically enough, was defeated by his own party in the primaries. At the meeting Wedesday night Wheeler talked mosstly about his expperiences in the senate, and pointed out that he had con sistently held that it was impos sible to trust, or do business with the Russians. He was an im placable opponent of the gov ernment policy of appeasment and comprommise with the Rus sians. If he holds any aspirations to return to the political scene in Montana and regain his lost lead ership, he gave no hint of any such intention in hhis talk at the Wednesday evening meeting. NOTED NEW YORK WRITER IS VISITOR IN BROWNING A recent guest of the J. L Sherburnes was Ken Dunshee, of New York City. He is an ex-cow puncher and cavalryman, a Miss isippi steamboat cub-pilot, and at present is a writer, editor and lover of the arts. He is editor of “News From Home", official pub lication of the Home Insurance Company, and curator of the H. V. Smith Museum of the Home Insurance Company of New York which housesthe largest collec tion of fire memorabilia in the country. One of Mr. Dunshee’s recent publications is "As You Pass By which is a story of old Manhattan through the "Fire Laddies' Eyes'. Old New York, its citizens, its fire houses and firemen, its van ished neighborhoods and towns, its water ccourses and streets, all are presented in this book in a story of the past that forms a background of the character, appearance and life of New York as it is today. His firrst book. "Enjine! En jine!” attracted nation-wide at tention for its colorful revelation of old-time fire engines and fire protection. Mr. Dunshee was here looking for native lore, material of var ious kinds pertaining to the Blackfeet Indians and their reser vation. and Montana in general, as he is working on an issue of “News from Home" to be written entirely about Montana. He hopes to return at a later date and spend more time getting bet ter acquainted with Browning, its residents and its surround ings. CATHOLIC SCHOOL FOR CHILDREN UNDER WAY The annual summer Catholic school for children of Browning and the Starr school began Mon day. with Fr. A. M D. Gillen, pastor of the Church of the Little Flower in charge Instructors at the Browning sessions are Jack Flynn and Steve Reardon, seminars of St. Thomas Seminary of Denver, and Sisters Mary Margaret and Olivia Frances, of the Sisters of St. Martha, of Antigonish, Nova Scotia. The Rev. Fr. Wm. Gannon, as i sistant to Fr. Gillen, is instructor at the Starr school. Number 24 Reverenced Indian Rock At Museum The Museum of the Plains In dian here at Browning announces a recent addition to its collec tions of Northern Plains Indian material The new acquisition is a medicine rock, and is unique in several respects. It once rest ed on the north slope of the Ma rias river a mile above the pres ent Great Northern railway cross ing south of Shelby. There for generations it represented a land mark on the Fort Benton Whoop- Up trail. For the Blackfeet it was an object of awe and vener ation. and passing Indians never failed to stop, pray and deposit gifts beside it. Through the efforts of certain Browning people and agencies the sacred rock was transported to the Museum last year. Be .cause of its size and weight, the stone will rest upon a prepared concrete base on the grounds near the' east entrance to the Museum. ’I nc Mcdcine Rock was former ly located on the old Mike Con nelly ranch :. uth of Shelby. The daughters of I ie original settler, Mrs. John E. Sullivan, of Great Fails, and Mr Anne Chambers, still residing on the ranch, sold the properly some years ago. Aware of the esteem in which the Indians held the stone, they re served possession of it in the name of the Blackfeet people. Later fearing that the rock might be taken or destroyed by strang er; it was decided to remove it for safe keeping to the Blackfeet reservat ion. Last year, through the efforts oi Mrs. Brian Connelly, whose husband is a prominent local rancher and a member of the v Blaekfeei Tribal Council, the sa cred stone was removed- to the Miiseuni grounds. Funds for transporting it were generously prov ided by the Blackfeet Tribal Council. Near the entrance to the Museum a base was con structed upon which the rock vill hereafter rest. The Medicine Rock and its story are known to all the older Indi.ms on fie reservation. In an account of Blackfeet religion written sixty years ago, George Grinnell noted that the Indians believed the rock to be alive, and described offerings of clothing, eagle feathers and brass earrings and finger l ings he had seen de posited nearby. James \\ illard Schultz, in his book - Sun Woman", relates that resdng upon oil so light that it melts away every rainy season, the rock lowly moves down the slope and is believed (by the Indians! to haw Sun power. In a recent number of the Mon tana Magazine of History. John C Evers, former curator of the Brov Ding Museum, and now with the <:'ionai . u cum. related the origin of il:e rock. According to Indian t radii ion. one of a party of north Blackfeet raiders, trav eling ihe trail south of the pres ent Ur m Shelby, killed and ate a rattle snake. For thus break ing a strict food taboo of his tribe he s>( io u'd and died. Other var’ i i ~ reiurm 4 the following soring to recover his body, but found o- ; i large rock nearby, i he Inliam llm* came to believe Him JiM warrior had been transformed into stone, and ever after d. ; esited gifts at the place to propitiate his spirit. \ in it I ceremony to mark the acquisition of the medicine rock will he hold ai the Museum Sun day. Augu-d 23 PETERSON FAMILY RETURN FROM LONG WESTERN TRIP Mr. and Mix John Peterson and family returned home Sun day from a two weeks’ motor trip to points in Idaho. Oregon. Wash ington and Montana. The most interesting point vis ited during their trip they report, was Montana s quaint Virginia City The culture and wa yof life of the community as it was in historic pioneer days has been re stored. providing it an appeal tha’ is of outstanding appeal to tourists. During the summer every resident of the community “goes western" to portray things as they were in by gone days. Attractions include the old where a ten-cent schoon er of beer is available; the old barber shop, print shop, drug store and many other equally ap i pealing institutions.