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Daily inter mountain. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1881-1901, April 01, 1899, Image 11

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053057/1899-04-01/ed-1/seq-11/

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On a sultry summer evening- Thomas 1
Cranborne was sitting with three other !
men on a veranda that faced out on Take
- „
St. Clair, in a suburb ot Detroit. Cran- ,
borne described himself as "a copper c
man"; he was, in fact, a young mining
engineer, whose business was in the re- |
gions of northern Michigan, where cop
per is plentiful.
Of the other three men, one was a man
with a heavy blonde mustache. This die- j
tinguished looking person also had ugly j
bags under his eyes that told of over- ;
fast living. He was accustomed to de- ;
scribe himself as "mere driftwood," hut j
he also said that in times past he had
been an olhcer in the Dritish army in i
India. His dress was now marked by an '
absence of care for appearances which
certainly had nothing in it suggestive of .
the British army's reputation for "smart-j
nes?.'' I
But in the strong contrast to the shah- 1
by Norfolk jacket and the mean-looking I
felt towelling hat which this "driftwood" j
wore, was one piece of jewelry that
flashed in the late sunlight as he lifted
a tall thin-stemmed glass to his lips. | of
This piece of jewelry was at first sight
an amazing combination of white and |
green splendors; on closer examination it 1
proved to be an uncommonly large em- j
erald, set in the center of a great cluster '
of diamonds on a ring which the "drift- j
wood" wore on his right fourth finger, j
The whole outer side of the ring rose like
the dome of a pagoda., or, to use a more
home-grown simile, like the smaller half
of an egg. and at the apex of this dome—
er egg—the emerald was set deeply in, as
if pushed heavily down into a bed of . it
diamonds. I
One thing that was. evident to almost
anyone who examined the ring closely
was thait the diamonds in it were not set
lr) any fashion known tp either American
or European jewelers; there was not a
speck of metal visible in the interstices
between the brilliants, only dark spaces,
as if each tiny diamond were held by a
rivet under it. And, above all, the whole
ring flashed with a glitter of white and
Easter With the Pope
Good Friday is the saddest day of the
church year; Christinas is the gladdest;
but Eiaster combines all the elements of
other great church festivals with many
added glories besides.
In Rome, as might be expected. Easter
Sunday is celebrated with elaborate cere
monies. The day is ushered in by the
firing of cannon from the castle of St.
Angelo, and about 7 o'cloek carriages,
with ladies and gentlcen, are beginning
to pour toward St. Peter's.
They are exquisitely dressed, for the
beautiful robes of the pope and the gor
geous altar cloths suggest a 1 degree of
eleghnee which is quickly caught by the
congregation, and, indeed, by the whole
City, for In Rome all are Romans—and
Roman Catholics at that.
The magnificent basilica Is richly deco
rated for the occasion, the altars are
freshly ornamented and the lights
around the tomb and figure of St. Peter
are blazing after their temporary extinc
According to usage, the pope officiates
this day at mass In St. Peter's, and he
does so with every imposing accessory
that can be devised. From a hall In the
adjoining palace of the Vatican he Is
borne into the church, under circum
stances of the utmost splendor. Seated
in his Sedia Getestatoria, his vestments
blaze with gold; on his head he wears the
tiara, a tall, round, gilded cap, represent
ing a triple crown which is understood
to signify spiritual power, temporal
power and the union of both.
Reside him are born the "flaibelli," or
large fans, composed of ostrich feathers,
in which are set the eye-like parts of pea
cock's feathers, to signify the eyes or vig
ilance of the church. Over him is borne
a silk canopy, richly fringed. After offi
ciating at a mass at the high altar the
Pope is with the same ceremony and to
the sound of music borne back through
the crowded church to the balcony over
the central doorway.
There, rising from his chair of state,
and environed by his principal officers,
ho pronounces a benediction, with in
dulgence and absolution. This is the
most imposing of all the ceremonies at
Rome at this season. The crowd is
most dense immediately under the bal
cony at which the pope appears, for
there papers are thrown down contain
ing a copy of the prayers that have been
uttered, and ordinarily there Is a scram
ble to catch them.
On the evening of Easter Sunday the
dome and other exterior parts of St.
Peter's are beautifully illuminated with
lamps. His holiness retires late on Eas
toi niftlit, as though to make the most of
the grandest church day of the year.
St. James s Gazette: It is not gcnerallv
remembered that Brazil was at one time
the most important diamond-producing
country in the world. We are reminded
of this fact by the second secretary of the
British legation at Rio, who has just
sent home a report on a journey to that
part of the country, Minas Gereas,
whence this mineral has been obtained
In greatest quantity. Mr. Beaumont tells
us that though the quality of the Brazil
ian stones still makes them more valu- I
able than any others, diamond mining
has of late been comparatively neglected, |
the industry being now. for the most !
part, carried on by single individuals,
"garimpeiros," or small associations,
working with rude and obselete machin
ery. A company known as the Boa Vista
lias recently been formed in Paris, with
green that strongly suggested the gor
geousness of Asia, and all the more
strongly beause of its being on the fin
ger of the shabbily dressed driftwood.
r . r:irl ,,- rnr ,, ol ,ld harcl]y kc?p his eyes
c j-f jewels. As a mineralogist, he na
turaily was interested in uriusunl speci
mens of precious stones; as a youth of
strongly developed artistic tastes, the
rare perfection of color in the great em
erald fascinated him.
"I am halting hre," said the "drift
wood," whose name on the hotel register
was Fielding. "I am halting here, like
Israel of old, between two opinions. Tie
; fore me is the queen's dominion of Can
j ada—and shabhiness—at my hack is the
United States of America—and the possi
i biliiy of prosperity, if that possibility ex
' jsts anv where for me. One beckons me
across the lake to Canada, the other is
. drawing me into the great vortex of the
United States. Which is if to lie? Can
I ada and shabbiness, or the United States,
1 wealth and cocktails?"
I "As for shabhiness," Cranborne slowly
j drawled, "I don't see how anybody can
help looking shabby with that ring on
his finger, Fielding. The magnificence
| of it is enough to make Solomon in all
his glory look shabby."
| "Well, now, do you know," said Field
1 ing, looking at the ring, "there is a deep
j inner meaning to that remark of yours,
' young man. I believe that this blessed
j Burmese jewel has kept me shabby for
j years, and will yet. In other words, I
suspect the thing of being cursed."
"Where did you pick it up?" asked a
gray-headed man of the party.
I didn't pick it up," answered Field
ing quickly. "A Tommy Atkins picked
. it up in Burmah, in '8S, when and where
I didn't ask him, though I suspect he got
it where he 'didn't ought.' I paid him a
hundred rupees for it, which he expend
ed, I believe, on beer and died inconti
nently. But ever since then I have been
on the decline, and I attribute my pres
ent condition as a piece of driftwood to
this brilliant object."
"And yet you won't part with it?" said
Cranborne. "That's human nature all
a capital of 2,000.090 francs, to carry on
work on a systematic basis and on a
large scale, for a very long period, and
If it succeeds the industry will no doubt
receive a great impetus therefrom.
Mr. Beaumont's journey was under
taken partly through curiosity to visit
a little-known country and partly in the
hope of learning something of the meth
ods and prospects in vogue, especially
those of the new company, from which
such great things are expected. The
company's operations are centered about
the town of Diamantina, a place founded
by a band of St. Paulo and Portuguese
adventurers in the seventeenth century.
Diamonds were discovered in this locality
about the year 1728. Between 1772 and
1800, the period of the most active pro
duction, the diamond mines produced
1,030,305 carats, at a cost which averaged
40s. per carat between 1772 and 1795, 72s.
6d. per carat between 1796 and 1800, and
32s. between 1801 and 1806. During the
same period gold was extracted amount
ing in value to £197,410. From 1772 to
1843, under the administration of the
"Real Extraccao," eighty stones were
found of an oitava (18 carats) or more.
The gems extracted, after the largest and
best had been set aside for the crown,
were sold by contract at from about 37s.
to 50s. a carat.
FVir sixteen years at the beginning of
the present century the banking-houses
of Hope in Holland and of Baring in
London controlled the mines, the output
of which was assigned to them in repay
ment of a loan of 12,000,0000 florins. Then
the government took hold of the adminis
tration, and continued to do so until 1845.
In that year it was decided by decree
that the lands should he put up at auc
tion every four years, the reserve price
being 30 reis (2d.) a "braoa," but Its pro
visions were never carried out, being
modified by the law of 1852, which recog
nized the rights of all those who already
effectively occupied mining lots on pay
ment of 1 real per "braca quadrada."
The term of occupation might be indefi
nitely extended. Lands not yet occupied
were to be put up at auction, the reserve
price being 1 real per "braca quadrada."
Between 1772 and 1843 1,354.700 carats
were taken out by the "Real Extraccao."
Since that date mining has been carried
on exclusively by private individuals,
and mostly on a small scale. The total
production of Brazil up to 1880 is esti
mated by M. Garceix at 2% tons. It is
Impossible to form an accurate estimate
of the present production, but it is prob
ably about 40.000 carats a year, including
the Bahia diamond fields.
A western editor was running the
motto, "We Tell the Truth,".at the head
of his paper. The other day he was com
pelled to encounter several gentlemen
who objected to the truth being told, and,
ns a consequence, the motto disappeared
and the following nutiee was printed:
"Until we recover front the injuries re
cently received, this paper will lie just
like the rest of them."—Grafton (N. D.)
Optimist—"I wonder why they always
put the death and marriage notices in
the same column."
Pessimist—"That is perfectly proper;
they aim to keep the calamities to
"Won't I, though?" said Fielding. "I
. would part with it tomorrow, but every
body seems afraid of it—or else afraid of
I the price I ask for it."
! "Will you take a thousand dollars for
it?" Cranborne asked, while the two old
I er men eyed him with shrewd interest.
I "Will you pay it?" said Fielding with
! a start.
j "If you hand it over to me now," the
young miner answered, "I will give you
! fifty dollars in notes and a check on a
j Detroit bank for nine hundred and fifty."
j Fielding set about pulling off his ring
I while Cranborne rang the bell and sent
; a waiter for a blank check, giving the
j name of his bank in Detroit.
! "You're not afraid?" Fielding asked
I him once more, as if he really felt scru
ples about turning over the curse to this
j young man.
I "No, I'm not afraid," said Cranborne.
I "Mining engineers are not given to su
. perstilions," said the gray beard who
! had spoken before.
j "I have plenty of superstitions," said
i Cranborne, "but I like to try experi
i ments. I am going to play a Christian
j superstition against a heathen,that's all."
. It was no business of Fielding's. If
I this young man from the northern mines
j chose to ruin his prospects in this world
j and the next by wearing that uncanny
j mass of splendor that had been taken by
! theft out of some dark mango-shaded
I shrine of idolatry, it was nothing to him.
He had candidly told the true story of
the ring. Now he was in possession of
a good, substantial thousand American
dollars, and his mind made up for "the
Fnited States, prosperity and cocktails "
He, however, as well as the two elder
i ly Michiganders who were present at this
! transaction, noticed that Cranborne did
! not put on the ring.
, "Oh, I have no intention of wearing
j it." said the young miner, laughing. "It
1 won't flash in the sunlight for eight
: months more. Then I shall try my ex
: périment."
i Back went Cranborne to the northern
hills of Michigan, where they smelt cop
; per. and there he stayed all through the
I fall and winter that followed.
a d
[ the
I his
First Cook (reading)—Wanted, to go
to Connecticut, a first-olas cook. Good
Second Cook—Niver on yer loife. Sure,
isn't that where they make alarum
clocks?—The Jewelers' Weekly.
Bilings—A man nevr learns to really
know his wife until after they are mar
ried. no matter how long they may have
been engaged.
Darrow—You're wrong there. Some
times the girls have little b others.—Stray
"I could never see anything gnat in
our trip across Rubioyon," said Wash-1
ington. "Now. when I crossed the Delà- I
ware I had to contend with a great mass '
of ice." j
"Yes," replied Caesar; "but look at the!
risk I ran of meeting a frost when T j
reached the other side'.'' And even one of ;
the Roman senators smiled.— Philadel
phia North American.
We're going home! Oh. glad refrain. I
We soon shall leave this toilsome spot.
And some of us will come again /
And some of us, alas, will not.
The men returning will declare
"Success from merit never swerves;'
The rest, that "genius everywhere
Must look for less than it desrves."
The Burlington Route runs a through
sleeper from Butte to Omaha, St. Joseph
and St. Louis without change.
Jknd then, in the early spring of the
following year, the same Cranborne
alighted from a train that pulled into a
big depot in a Kentucky city. It was a
Saturday night, already after 10 o'clock.
Cranborne flung his valise into a hack,
artd. instead of going to a hotel, direct
ed thi- driver to a private residence some
distance out in the suburbs of the city.
The house was in darkness when that
hack drew up before its front gate, but
that made no difference to the new ar
rival. He rang the bell in a way that
showed unmistakably Ills intention to be
a d m 11 1 cd .
"Miss Effie, sir?" said a sleepy servant
who at length answered. "Miss Ettie is
gone out to a partv, sir."
"At Mrs. Ooodlin's. sir "
That was enough. Cranborne knew
Mrs. Goodlin. He had not been invited to
the party, but that was not to be expect
ed, when he was supposed to be in Mich
igan. That he was unshaved and attired
in rough-and-ready traveling dress made
no difference in a case of exticin; urgen
cy, as this was.
In the event, Mrs. Goodlin was very
glad to see Mr. Cranborne, but that, too,
was not of much importance. He begged
her to let him speak in private with Miss
Effie Stark.
As a matter of fact. Miss Effie Stark
waix just then speaking in private witlh
another man, But Mrs. Goodfin, after a
moment's reflection, decided to break in
upon that tete-a-tete. She did it by say
ing: "Excuse me, won't you? Eitle, Mr.
Orairlboi ni - ha» jurt appeared and wants
to see you at once."
The other man bit his lip and inwardly
swore, while, outwardly, he was giving
his arm to Mrs. Goodlin.
"Don't think me crazy, Effie." That
was how Cranborne opened tin- conversa
tion. "It is after 11 o'clock now. and I
had to see you before midnight. 1 in
tended to start a week ago. but ever so
many tjiings delayed me in Michigan.
And then the train got stalled and we
missed connection at Cincinnati."
Effie, between one emotion and another,
made a very pretty picture of a young
T j
5 ?
lady blushing. But she had nothing
ready to say. though her lips were part
ed as if to speak.
"I had to see you today," Cranborne
went on. "Not a day sooner or a day
later. This is Easter eve. Let me teil
you what I am driving at at once. There
is an old belief in Greece that I have al
ways wanted to test tin- truth of. They
say there that if a gem or anything of
that sort has a curse on it. you can de
stroy the curse by giving it on Easter
eve to a—a girl wlio is very good in
deed, amid who loves you."
"db!" gasped Effie.
"Yes. that was why 1 wanted to see
you before midnight," Cranborne went
on. Then he took that splendid trophy
of emerald and brilliants from a little
deerskin bag. "Now listen," ho said.
"The man from whom 1 bought this told
me that it was cursed, and had brought
him only misfortune ever since he first
got hold of It. So. you see, if you take it
and wear it. it will bring you misfortune
unless you love me."
"Is that all?" said EfTle.
"I think I'll risk it," she said, looking
Five minutes later she was looking for
her escort anil her wraps. Mrs. Goodlin
noticed that she kept her left hand con
cealed under a glove which she had
wrapped about its lingers.
Cranborne left the city again in Easter
week. In the following summer he met
Fielding once more—at Chicago this
"Hullo!" said Fielding. "Here's my
gallant deliverer. What luck did you get
out of that blast'd emerald, old chap?
I'm on the top wave myself."
"1 congratulate you," said Cranborne.
"That 'blasted emerald,' as you call it,
hast brought me nothing but the best of
fort une."
"You don't say! Well, I congratulate
you. then. But you didn't wear it.''
"No." said Cranborne, "I let someone
else do that. By the way. I'm going to
he married in October. Congratulate me
again. I tried an experiment, that's all.
I always did like experiments."
( 2,
! to

: is
' a
The new current interrupter of Dr. AY
Wehnolt of Charlottenburg, is pointed
out by Mr. A. A. C. Swinlon as much the
most notable improvement of many years
in connection with the induction coil, and
as likely to find many important applica
tions in N-ray work, wir less telegraphy,
etc. Without moving parts it converts a
continuous current into a high-frequency
alternating one. The apparatus is sim
ply a glass vessel filled with dilute sul
phuric acid, into which dip two elec
trodes, one being a plate of lead of con
siderable area, and the other a glass tube
containing mercury and having a pro
truding bit of platinum wire sealed into
its bottom. One of the wires from a
source of continuous current dips into
the mercury. The wire of the tube is im
mersed considerably below the surface
and about half an inch from the lead, and
when the current is turned on. a rapidly
intermittent arc, with a probable fre
quency of some hundreds per second,
seems to pass between this wire and the
dilute acid, while a torrent of sparks ap
pears between the terminals of the sec
ondary of the evil. The current is passed
directly through the primary of the coil
from the platinum wire and lead plate,
no condenser being used.
An interesting rule for determining the
probability of life is stated by M. School
ing of Brussels to have been worked out
by Di> Moivre, a French mathematician,
who removed to England in 1865. It is
simply necessary to subtract one's age
from SO, and to divide the remainder by
2, the result being the number of years
one is likely to five. The chance of living
one year beyond one's present age is
found by M. Schooling to he 5 to 1 at
birth, 11!) to 1 at 5 years, 512 to 1 at 10
years, 317 to 1 at 15 years, 207 to 1 at 20
years, 120 to 1 at 30 years, and 78 to 1 at
10. Of 1,000 persons of GO years. 599 will
five to 70 years, 120 to SO, and 17 to 90.
The Idea is gaining ground in France
that alcohol from beetroot, etc., can be
made to compete with petroleum for
lighting purposes .and that this use of
alcohol would give great encouragement
to French agriculture.
Late repairs 1 on the roof beams of Win
ehester Cathedral, two-thirds of which
were so badly worm-eaten as to require
replacing with new oak, have made con
spicuous the work of a remarkable in
sect. The decay has been due to the Si
rex Gigas, sometimes known as the horn
tailed saw 11 y . The fully developed insect
is somewhat less than two inches long,
resembling a laige wasp, and the fe
male is armed with a long and powerful
ovipositor with which it bores holes into
wood for depositing its eggs. It is the
grubs hatched from these eggs that
honeycomb the wood,especially fir. creat
ing sad havoc. The actual borer of the
parent insect, according to Rev. J. G.
Wood, is a marvellous instrument, being
straight, stiff and as elastic as a Toledo
rapier; and the microscope shows that Us
head is pi ovided with long, sharp teeth,
slightly curving inward, and serving like
a carpenter's center bit, while the shaft is
armed on each side with sharp-edged
ridges acting exactly as do the sharp
ridges of a coffee-mill. No more effective
Implement could be devised, and t he bor
ing tools of modern mechanics are based
on the same principle, though perhaps
less perfect.
The principal supply of mica comes
from mines in Bengal. These, says Mr. A.
Mervin Finith, have been operated from
a very ancient period, the mica being
still—as for centuries—only taken out
from open cuts In the decomposed gran
ite. new places being sought when the
solid rock is reached. Large fires are
built to aid in the work. The consump
tion of mica is now increasing, hut seems
to have been greater at an earlier time,
as the output of these mines was estimat
ed at about 3,700 tons in 1849 and only
about 1,000 tons in 1895. The prices of the
mica range from $5.00 to 3 or 4 cents per
Comparing the lecords for fifty one years'
(184!-1801), Mr. A. B. MacDowall finds
that the temperature of both Greenwich
and Chicago was above the average dur
ing sixteen winters, and below during
fourteen. There were nine seasons in.
which Greenwich was warmer and Chica
go colder than the average; and twelve
in which Greenwich was colder and Chi
cago warmer.
European meteorologists have reached
(he conclusion, contrary to current belief,
that there is no connection between win
ter temperature and the height of the
barometer, as it Is quite as often cold
whe n the barometer is below the average
as when above.
The aluminum furnace having made it
possible to produce very pure chromium
a t a small cost. Dr. Goldschmidt makes
(lie interesting suggestion that this metal
would be much superior to nickel for
plating if it could be used for that pur
pose. It is more stable than nickel, being
as little liable to oxidization as gold. No
method of plating with chromium is yet
known, but, as it could be used as a
soluble anode, it is believed that a prac
tical process may be devised ere long.
It appears that the metallic chromium
can be reduced in considerable quantities
for a fraction of a dollar per pound.
A new Industry for Australia is prom
ised by the valuable eucalyptus, or blue
gum tree. An explosive, which lias been
named kallenite. Is made from the leaves,
and tliis is said to have five or six times
the strength of dynamite, and to be inex
pensive to manufacture. If further ex
perience justifies the claims made, the
n \v material may be expected to become
one of Australia's important exports.
A remarkable account of the vitality
of disease germs conies from Switzer
land. In the Haarlem epidemic of 660. a
family of plague victims was buried ini
the Haarlem church, and the vault con
taining the bodies was opened thirty or
forty years ago by some masons repair
ing the building. The workmen were all
attacked with the infectious glandular
swelling, although not with the severest
form of the plague.
The sensation of taste produced by ani
electric current passing through the
t uigue is found by Zeynek, a German!
electrician, to depend on voltage. Sud
den changes of current and voltage pro
duced changes of taste sensation, seem
ing to prove that the phenomenon of elec
tric taste is an electrolytic one.
Fnpyi istite, the wood-pulp artificial
stone of Fr. Ochre of Zurich, is very hard
and light in weight. It is a non-con
ductor of hi nt and noise, is inexpensive,
and is especially intended for roofs and
floors, although It may be expected to
prove useful for other purposes.

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