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Daily inter mountain. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1881-1901, April 01, 1899, Image 16

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Victoria's New Yacht
If Queen Victoria's new royal yacht. <
which is now building at Pembroke ship !
yards, had been in commission previous |
to the time of her majesty's departure
for her annual trip to the Riviera, it is
hardly likely that such an elaborate con
voy would have been ordered for that dig
nified old side wheel craft, which has
been for so many years the queen's royal
yacht. But the convoy was found neces
sary to forestall by a show of force any
of the threatening demonstrations fore
shadowed by the radical press of France.
But with the new yacht it would have
been different.
Queen Victoria's new yacht will have,
in addition to many other qualifications,
that of being the largest pleasure craft
afloat, her length over all being .ISO feet.
This places her a long way ahead of \Y.
K. Vanderbilt's Valiant which is 332 .feet
long. After this come the .Mayflower,
the Xahma. the Aphrodite of Colonel
Oliver H. Payne, the Corsair of Commo
dore Morgan, and the Varuna of Eu
gene Higgins—all of which are slightly
over three hundred feet long. The queen s
new yacht is as large as the cruiser Bal
timore, larger than the New Orleans and
much larger than the German emperor s
yacht Hohenzollern. The latter is, in
reality, only a protected cruiser, with
v I
' r """
ISS ili lÉ i i ifr , «j,, I
«add 1 ' ';i
The Queen's New Yacht Which They Hope to Launch on Her Eighty-first Birth
day. It Will be the Big gest in the World.
regular armament and protective decks, |
but with quarters fitted up for the em
peror. The royal yacht now building
will, on the other hand, be simply a yacht
for pleasure cruising.
The keel of the new craft was laid at
Pembroke on December 23. 1 M»T, and
since that time progress lias been much
delayed by strikes. At present, how
ever, the men employed in the construc
tion of the yacht are working overtime
and as only the best artisans in the
United Kingdom are engaged for the
task it is more than likely that if Queen
Victoria goes to the south of France in
the early spring of 1900 she will be able
to cross the channel in the new boat.
This huge pleasure craft is to be 380
feet in length, 50 feet beam, 18 feet
draught and her displacement 4,600 ton
wood and covered with copper, and will
be provided with double bottoms. She
will have three funnels and two masts.
The vessel will have orlop, lower, main,
upper and forecastle deck
hull is to be of steel sheathed with |
Speed is to be an import
ant considéra- 1
tion, and the yacht will hav
triple-expansion, four-cylindei
driving twin screws and having an indi- ]'*
cated horse-power of 11.000.
Tile high
pressure cylinder of each engine will be
26% inches in diameter, the intermed- j
late cylinder 44% inches in diameter,
and two low-pressure cylinders 53 inches
in diameter, all having a stroke of 39
Inches. Steam will be supplied by
eighteen Belleville boilers, working at
pressure of 300 pounds, which will be re- ]
duced at the engines to 250 pounds. The
grate area under the boilers will he 840
feet, and the heating surface will be
26,000 square feet. This machinery is
expected to drive the vessel through the
•water at a speed of thirty knots an hour,
with the engines making 140 revolutions
a minute.
The new yacht will be far more elab
orately decorated than any vessel of this
u ] to
kind previously built. Heretofore thç |
admiralty has been averse to giving out
Information concerning the plans for the
queen's yacht, l>ut it is already known
that by the time the'yacht is launch
ed her estimated cost will be nearly
$1,200,000 and that bv the time her in
J erior fittings have been put in place
300.000 more will have been expended,
making her total cost a million and a
half dollars.
Some idea of the magnificence and
cost of the hull may be gained from
the fact that recently the admiralty or
dered 700 feet of rope moulding for the
sides of the yacht. The moulding is to
ire carved out of solid mahogany and
is to represent a fifteen inch cable laid
rope. When in place it will be richly
The bow of the yacht will be decorated
with a shield bearing the royal arms
and surmounted by a crown three feet
in diameter. The" shield itself will be
set off with scroll work, from which or
namental carving will trail back some
fifty feet on each side of the stem. The
stern of the vessel will be even more
handsome than the bow.
On the starboard quarter will bo a ten
foot figure of Britannia, and on the port
quarter a similar sized figure of Xep
tune. In the center of the stern will be
an immense shield bearing tlie* royal
arms, with the rose, shamrock and this
tie underneath.
It has not been stated yet as to just
what armament the new * craft will
carry. Although she is built for pleas
lire it is more than likely that she will
lie fairly well supplied with guns as
are the pleasure craft of all governments
nowadays from that of the Emperor
William to President McKinley's official
yacht. What is to become of the pres
| ont royal yacht lias not been determined !
though it is probable that she will be
preserved in one of England's dock
yards as a nautical curiosity.
i system in journalism by : j
Cornhill Magazine
necessary in these
days to explain what "penny-a-linlng
means. Most people Know that "penny
a-lining" is
is perhaps un- I
newspaper-leading ;
which men who are not regularly attach
ed to any newspaper send Items of news
—odds and ends of all kinds which they I
may chance to pick up—to several jour
liais, which are paid for, if published,
at the rate of a penny a line. But penny
a-linlng is not quite an accurate expres
sion nowadays, so far as London, at
| lt*cist, is concerned. leurs ago. when the
1 term was invented, tlie newspapers only
I paid a penny a line for items of news ac
j cepted rfom persons unattached to their
I regular staffs; but now three halfpence
and twopence a line are paid for such
1 reports and paragraphs by the big metro
politan dailies.
London is so vast in extent that none
tlie daily newspapers could possibly
'keep a regular staff of reporters large
enough to cover everything of public in
j terest which occurs within its borders,
............... occur
and sub-editors—or tile news editors, as
! they are sometimes caleld—are therefore
I very glad to avail themselves of the ser
] vices of these vigilant "liners," who are
] to be ofund in al parts of the mighty
j metropolis, ever on the lookout for ma
terial for a paragraph or a report. They
are always on the prowl after accidents,
fires, burglaries and murders: they
haunt the geat hospitals, the central po
lice stations and the stations of the tire
brigade. They are a curious body of
men, indeed. Most of them, perhaps, are
poorly educated and unambitious, but
some of them are able men—men even of
university education—who have had
| tragrtc^xperie^e mj the ups and downs
of à journalist's life.
That the "liner" is a man of not only
resource and industry, but of verbosity,
must be obvious. As his remuneration
depends on the amount of his copy which
is inserted, he generally writes about
five times, or ten times as much as is
ever printed. His powers of amplifica
tion are, indeed, enormous. Whatever
may be said of him, he cannot be accused
of not dragging in every petty detail of
the murder, lire, suicide or burglary
{utmost consternation,'
which is the subject of his paragraph or
report. With him terseness is a crime,
and the maxim that "brevity is the soul
of wit" is line-killing and penny-de
stroying. "He has gone to that bourn
from whence no traveler returns," in
stead of "he died;" "terrific conflagra
tion" for "bad fire," or "desperate
struggle" for "light" will often "turn"
a line, and therefore bring an additional
penny or twopence.
It is to the "liner" we owe such "purple
patches" as "the devouring element."
"the watery grave," "no motive can be
ascribed for rash act," "the neighboring
religious edifices," which were always
"brought into prominent relief by the
flames," and the "neighborhood" which
used to be "thrown into a state of the
the vital spark."
| which was always fleeing, and the_ "lurid
llames shot up and licked the doomed
edifice with malignant glee." These loud
sounding words and phrases are now ,
ruthlessly suppressed by the blue pencil i
of the sub-editor. Yet, owing to the bad
example of the "liner," the people that
"partake of refreshment," instead of eatr
ing and drinking, and the young lady of
"prepossessing appearance," but—the
liner is always great with his "buts" —
"fashionably attired"—never "dressed"— !
still live in the columns of the daily
Occasionally the "liner" produces a
gem of unconscious humor. A report of
the murder of a man named Ducan once
came under my notice in a sub-editor's
room. "The murderer," wrote the
"liner," "was evidently in quest of
money, but, luckily, Mr. Ducan had de
posited all his funds in the bank the day
before, so that he lost nothing but his
life." Another "liner," describing a street
accident, wrote: "The unfortunate vic
tim was taken to Guy's hospital, where
he now lies, progressing favorably, al
though he is sedulously attended by Dr.
J. R. Robertson, the resident surgeon,
and some of the leading members of the
medical staff." What he meant to con
vey was that, though the man had been
so dreadfully injured as to require the
services of several doctors, he was pro
gressing toward recovery. I have also
seen this in a report in a Glasgow news- ;
paper of a shipwreck off the coast of Ayr:
"The captain swam ashore, and succeed
ed in also saving the life of his wife. She
was insured in the Northern Marine In
surance company for £5,000, and carried
a full cargo of cement."
There is one amusing phase of "lining"
in vogue in London during the parlia
mentary recess. It consists in obtaining
expressions of opinion, through the post,
from eminent politicians or other public
men on vexed points of current politics
or other matters of widespread interest.
Newspaper readers must often notice
in the press letters from men eminent in
politics, science, art and literature, in
reply to anonymous correspondence. Our
leading politicians figure in these com
munications most frequently. We read
that Lord Salisbury or Mr. Balfour or
Lord Rosebery or the Duke of Argyll or
the Duke of Devonshire, as the case may
be, has written a letter in reply to a j
"correspondent" who called his attention]
to a statement made in some speech or (
letter or newspaper, and requested his
! views on the subject. "A correspondent"
j is. in almost every instance, a journalist,
j whose sole object in ascertaining the
opinions of our leading politicians on cur
I rent events in this manner is to turn an
I honest penny.
i A "liner" sits down, and, assuming the
role of an ardent radical, we will say. fot
the sake of illustration, writes an epistle,
something like the following, to, say,
Lord Kimberly, Lord Rosebery or Sir
William Harcourt:
"Honored Sir: I am an humble work
lngman. I am a liberal and a home ruler. !
Imagine, then, my surprise and indigna
tion to read in my Sunday paper a speech
made by Mr. Balfour
claies that you," etc.
The reader will guess the nature of
what follows. The letter concludes with
which he de- {
a request to the great man to whom it is
addressed to seur the writer a reply, and
ease his mind on this important topic
at the earliest moment. He gets an an
swer to his letter in two cases out of
three, and forthwith dispatches copies
of it. with a few introductory lines of an
explanatory nature, to a large number
of newspapers. A dozen copies of the
letter are easily made in one writing,
with the aid of "flimsies" and "blaek
and a stylu
If the reply of the leading !
of interest or Importance, !
if it deals with a phase of the political
queslion occupying the public mind at
the moment, it is pretty certain to V»
published by all the newspapers to which
it is sent
! matter o
'per line. Some newspapers pay only a
penny a line, or 2s. 6d. or 3s. 6d. for the
paragraph: but others pay 2d. a line, or
6d. for the paragraph. Three
The general rate of pay for
the kind is three halfpence
j ................
of the letter. Of course, if there be little
or nothing of interest in the letter, no use
: j s made of it in the newspaper offices,
halfpence per line is, however, the aver
I age ra te of pay, and at that rate our
I friend, the ingenious and enterprising]
; journalist, often obtains £3 for the copies
and it is consigned to the wastepaper
basket. But the production must be
„ __
I very flat and unimportant to receive that
* '
when there is little news, and partie»
larly political news, going.
fate The correspondent rarely fails to
Ke t ,hls "copy" accepted by some news
"the dull
season '
. . _
papers, especially at the season of the
vonr which is known in press circles as
Ihe big gooseberry
sea-serpent season,"
struck 9 he cheerfully disregari
Her father is a lawyer, with a face se
vere enough to frighten a defendant into
fits, and with rigid ideas upon the discip
lining of daughters. His own daughter
happens to be particularly charming,
and when she does go home from school
venturesome youths will Mutter around :
her but her father has uncompromising
objections to them. If they call the
chances arc against their seeing tlw
young woman, and if they do get in they
watch the clock with an anxiety that
dampens their enjoyment. There is a
tradition afloat that any one staying
later than 9 o'clock would be thrown
out. The girl has one admirer who is
abundantly supplied with that useful
commodity known as nerve. During the
holidays he managed to see her oftener
than any of rivals did, but he always
carefully observed the time limit and
avoided paternal wrath until the even
ing before the girl's return to boarding
Then he lingered, and when thj cloç|£
Half-past 9 came and the'girl was frigh{
rbable youth seem
ened, but the imperturbab
ed unconscious tnat he was sitting on the
edge of a volcano and dangling his feet
in the crater. When the hands of the
clock pointed to 9:45 a heavy tread was
heard in the hall. The girl looked fright
ened, but the cheerful youth assumed
an expression of pleasant expectation.
i vu^ion. rheji it relapsed into
! anu ,
; He emerged, severe, unbending, but ash
The portieres were pushed aside, and an
imposing and stony-faced butler walked
into the room. He carried a small silver
tray, on which lay an open gold watch
and, marching up to the visitor, he held
the tray out toward him. The girl
blushed and writhed in mortification, but
the young man's childlike and bland
countenance expressed only incredulous
wonder and delight.
"Mr. McGregor's compliments, sir,"
said the frozen butler, holding the tray
at present arms. Then, stfll holding it,
he turned to leave the room, but the
amiable visitor made a quick movement
and took the watch from the tray.
"Oh, this is too kind," he exclaimed
rapturously. "I never expected anything
of this sort. Your father is too gener
ous." He turned to the girl with inno
cent delight and gratitude written in
every line of hts expressive face, and
slipped the watch into his waisteoat pock
et. The butler's face underwent a con
and he left the room.
"I really must be going," said the youth
blithely. "Tell your father how heartily
I appreciated his thoughtful generosity.
I'll see him and thank him myself. I'll
board the train at Glendale to-morrow
ride to Dayton with you. Good
I He slipped on his greatcoat and was
; gone. The girl subsided in a limp, hys
terical rTap upon the divan and listened
: for the sound of a raging domestic cy
clone. Not a murmur came down the
stairs. She stole stealthily to bed. The
I next morning she appeared at the break
fast table with very pink cheeks and
: frightened eyes. Her father looked at
her over the morning paper. Could it be
possible? There was an unmistakable
twinkle in the eyes under the fierce,
shaggy brows.
Not a word was said about the evening
i episode. The girl began to breathe more
easily. Suddenly there was a ring at the
bell. The butler brought in a neat pack
1 age and a note, and handed them to Mr.
McGregor. That dignified gentleman,
1 put on his glasses and read the note care
fully. Then he took up the newspaper
and was lost behind it for a few moments.
left the room he dropped the note at his
daughter's plate.
"That young man will go to the White
House or the gallows," he remarked
with something in his voice that sounded
like a chuckle. The note said:
"My Dear Mr. McGregor: Last night
I was so overcome by your kindly gener
osity that I accepted your splendid gift
without hesitation. More serious* delib
eration lias convinced me that I ought not
to allow you to place me under such
weighty obligation. Believe me, I heart
ily appreciate your generous motives, and
am sincerely grateful, although my con
science will not allow me to take advan
tage of your friendship."
"I positively believe papa liked it," said
the Cincinnati girl as she ended her story.
—Chicago Inter Ocean.
• j
bome years ago the commercial world
was taken aghast by the announcement
that a certain scientific man could ac
tually split a banknote so exactly into
halves that it was impossible to distin
guish the separate pieces of paper from
genuine notes.
The authorities of the Bank of Eng
land took alarm, for it appeared that
this invention would speedily open the
way to a new kind of fraud. The imita
tion of the engraved plate, however well
performed, was always discoverable by
experienced eyes, and he must be a good
forger, indeed, who could prepare the
paper on which the plate was printed so
as to imitate the peculiar marks on the
Bank of England notes with anything
like success. But here was a discovery
which set at naught the precautions of
paper-makers, engravers and printers.
It was really a serious matter. A
long correspondence ensued between tlie
proprietor of the secret and officials of
the bank, the former asking a large sum
of money for his knowledge, and the lat
ter requiring actual proof of his ability
to perform the alleged feat.
Paragraphs begun to appear in the
newspapers, and public attention was
drawn to what seemed a very extraor
! dinary fact—that the thin tissue-paper of
which a banknote is composed could
! really be divided into two leaves. It be
! came necessary to test the truth of this
; remarkable discovery, and so it was ar
| ranged that trial should be made with
in actual note of the Bank of England.
Preliminaries were settled, and a note,
j properly marked, so that it might be
| afterward identified, was submitted to the
inventor. In the course of two or throe
days back came the note to the owners,
actually split in two. It was eagerly ex
amined, but in a little time the bank
officials ceased to feel any alarm, and
confidence in the commercial world was
quite restored.
it was true the banknote was com
, pietely split, but it was also true that
j on on iy one-half of it was the printed im
j pression sufficiently plain to allow of its
being circulated. Any attempt to pass
the other, or back half of the note, would
! W as declared, be (mediately detected.
| j ng 0 f the bank securities, so that in
Still, the discovery was curious, anil
might lead to disagreeable consequences
| should any person attempt to increase his
i wealth by means of split banknote.
i Another kind of ink was therefore ordered
j for the future to be used in the print
case one chose to try the experiment the
one-half would be left blank.
The secret, however, did not long re
main hidden from the world. Indeed,
its very simplicity seems to have pre
vented Its being discoverd by the clever
men who felt so much anxiety about it.
The method of splitting paper is just
this: Two pieces of calico are firmly
glued to the sides of the paper, leaving
the ends of the calico loose, and the
By a gentle
and equable pul on each side the paper
is split completely in halves, one of
which adheres to the calico on one side
and the other to the opposite.
Tlie fact that the adhesion between the
paper and the cloth is greater than that
betwen the surfaces of the paper to
each other is the cause of this phenome
non. *
Having now divided the paper, the two
halves may be removed by damping, and
so loosening the glue between the calico
and the paper. What was once a great
and puzzling secret is no longer in the
possesion of one person. Those happy
individuals with banknotes to spare may
while away a winter evening in trying
this experiment.—Chicago Chronicle.
: whole is perfectly dried,
The customs authorities are watching
an interesteing experiment now being
made In the United States bonded stores
to restore the commercial value of 146
cases of champagne which was frozen
during the blizzard In railroad cars
while being transported in bond from
New York to Philadelphia. The wine
came on the French steamship La Bre
tagne from Havre to New York, and was
consigned to a well-known club in this
city. As a rule, experts state that froz
en champagne should be consumed at
once or it Is valueless. As this could not
be done in this case, the wine was stored ;
in the warm cellars of the bonded stores,
which are below, the surface of the earth,
and where there is always a uniform
temperature. It was noticed that there
was a deposit of cream of tartar in the
bottles, which, the Government oilicials
think, if gradually dissolved in the warm
temperature of the bonded stores, will
the wine to its former value.
—Philadelphia Record.
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in my gas bills,
Arklight—I see that you have shut off
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Darklight—Merely out of curiosity. I
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