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Daily inter mountain. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1881-1901, April 15, 1899, Image 14

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053057/1899-04-15/ed-1/seq-14/

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Dr. Robert Koeli. tlie eminent German
bacteriologist, is now preparing to under
take another expedition to the tropics
where he will continue his investigations
of the malarial fevers. In 1SS3 Dr. Koch,
who is at tlie head of the German cholera
commission, made his lirst visit to Egypt,
and tin 1 result of his experiments and in
vestigations at that time were so satis
factoiy in their nature that he has been
repeatedly urged to conclude his study of
these ills of humanity.
Last year lie visited the German east
African coast, and now he has decided to
go once more to Egypt and India. I'o
aid him in the carrying out of his investi
gations into the nature and origin of
these diseases, the German reiehstag has
made an appropriation of 60,000 marks,
and tin 1 nit dirai profession of the world
is confident that the publication of the
result of his studies will be of incalcu
lable benefit to humanity.
It is probable that no better man ( mid
be found to carry out such a line of in
vestigation. For many years h has been
identified witli bacteriological studies,
and his discoveries in this branch or re
search have made him famous in every
part of the world. His discovery ot the
germ of consumption lias done much to
aid science in mitigating the horrors of
this disease, and his assurance that mala
ria is due to a germ that can be con
quered when it is properly understood is
act ipted without question by tic medical
While Dr. Koch lias not completed his
investigations, lie has accomplished
enough to enable him to enlighten the
world as to the nature of the experi
ments he has made and the result that
!c- hopes to attain. One of tie- most im
portant of the facts that he has estab
lished is that the malarial fevers arc
often communicated to man by the mos
quito, who, gathering the poison in the
swamps, witli a single thrust of its probe
injects it into the veins of its victim.
Dr. Koch was Id to these investiga
tions by hi- study of the T xas fever in
cattle. This disease, he found, was
transferred from herd to herd through
the agency of a parasite or tick that was
common in that part of the country. Ma
larial fever in man and Texas fever in
cattle have many points in similarity,
and it was not long before he arrived at
the conclusion that the mosquito was]
ps rforming the same infection upon hu
man Icings as did the ticks on the cattle
of Texas. From that time his study of
the subject lias been most thorough and
the result has been that there is no fur
ther doubt of the correctness of his the
ory. He lias shown that where then
were no mosquitoes malaria was un
known. and that, on the other hand,
where mosquitoes were plentiful the dis
ease is equally prevalent, and he has
demonstrated that it is possible to cure
the dis isr quickly and easily by arrest
ing the growth of tic plasmodium.
While Dr. Ki h is satisfied that quinine
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wlicn taken at the proper time would
operate quickly for the good of the pa
tient, lie docs not hesitate to express the
opinion that the indiscriminate use of
this drug as a prophylactic in malarial
countries is attended witli great danger,
and. in many cases, is the direct cause
of the pernicious "black water" fever,
one of the most virulent forms of mala
rial disease.
The very common practice of persons
going from temperate to tropical coun
tries of saturating' their systems with
quinine, taken in irregular and often ex
cessive dases. is condemned most vigor
ously. In the first plan" such a method
of treatment seriously weakens the ac
tion of the heart, and second, when the
system becomes used to tin drug it fails
to respond to the quinine treatment
when it is necessary as a remedy in case
of actual sickness.
in oilier words, the efficiency of the
drug having been exhausted as a pre
ventive, ii has no longer any important
value as a remedy, and Ids experience
lias shown that persons debilitated by the
ox essivc use of quinine may take' mala
ria! fever and die of it as quickly, if not
more easily than anyone else. He as
sorts that he has demonstrated beyond
the possibility of question that the in
creased death rate in certain portions of
west Africa, where tie conditior.s of liv
ing have been greatly improved during
the past ten years, is dur largely to the
increased and indiscriminate use of qui
nine, a fact that ! s due to its greater
cheap»' ss and the ease with which it can
be obtained.
in some of his results, however, Dr.
Koch does not obtain the support of all
physicians, ns for instance, in the
method of treatment suggested. In his
experiments he has found that arsenic
lias been a mare successful remedy thin
quinine, but his advocacy of the arsenio
treatment has aroused great opposition
in all part of the country, with the ex
ception of Germany, where tim prefer
ence for the use of this drug lias long
been a peculiarity of that school of medi
Dr. Koch insists upon the correctness
of his method of treatm nt, however,
and adds that upon his return from his
next expedition hr will lie able to present
evidence that will compel even his most
vigorous opponents. (In* physicians of the
United Slates, to admit that he was right
in his assertions.
Another interesting fact discovered by
Dr. Koch is that women stand exposure
to a malarial climate far better than
men. During tile past four years there
has been an appalling mortality on the
gold coast, but scarcely a death was re
ported among the women, although every
kind 1 of man was dying—men new to the
tropics, men born in them, men who levd
been accustomed to them for years, even
men who had battled with the ravages
of the worst part of west Africa for a de
cade. On the occasion of his next visit
to Africa Dr. Koch will make this dis
covery an important part of his investi
gation and will attempt to fathom the
mystery, to learn if possible if the diffi
culty of infection on the part of women
is due to natural causes or to some pecu
liarity in their manner of life.
Dr. Koch will leave Berlin within tin
next two weeks, accompanied by eminent
scientists from various parts of Europe
and America. The party will first go to
the southern part of Europe, where the
malarial sections, especially those of
Italy and Greece, will lie thoroughly ex
amined. For many months he has been
making a study of these parts of Europe
and he has already determined the fact
that the dreaded Roman and Gampagna
fevers are Identical in cause and general
character with those of east Africa. The
expedition will then proceed to Africa,
and the next two years will be spent in
making - an exhaustive study of malarial
at the deadliest fever districts. |
No expedition that has left Europe in ;
many years lias excited as much interest j
as the departure of this company of sci
entists upon their voyage to the east, for I
those who have made a careful study of
the experiments of Dr. Koeli are confi
dent that he will succeed in his under
taking. and that the world is on the eve
of a decisive victory over this whole
group of maladies which have been the
curse of so many portions of the globe.
Washington Star: "To those house
keepers who frequently make ice cream
and frozen custards, now is tlie time for
them to prepare to put up snow for future
use," remarked a lady to a Star reporter.
"Fur the past three weeks I have made
all the creams and custards l have used
with snow, and I have packed away
enough to last me a month or so, even If
we do not have any more snows. Snow
is much easier to use in freezers lhan ice
and freezes much more rapidly, not re
quiring one-fourth the quantity of salt.
My plan of putting up snow is to pack it
in barrels. There is no expense about it,
except tin- barrels, and most cellars have
enough barrels to furnish the facilities
for securing all the snow that can be use I.
Of course there has been no occasion to
use barrels this week, for the snow was
plenty enough. The indications are also
that there will be more snows, but to be
on the safe side, 1 have a half dozen extra
barrels ready. If well packed the snow
will keep six weeks or more during the
weather we usually have in February and
March, but if there are to be no more
snows and it only lasted a month that
much would be gained or saved in the
way of being able to save tile expense of
ice. The barrels containing the stock of
snow should he placed in the yard, not in
tiie cellar, and. if possible, on the shady
side of the yard and as near the fence as
possible, so as to cut off wind drafts that
carry with them the hot air. There should
be lops oil them, and a couple of days
after the first filling, when they have
settled down, they should be repacked
and pounded dow n. In time the snow be
comes almost solid and lasts almost as
long as a piece of ice of the same size.
Tin- advantage in its favor is that it prac*-*.
tically costs nothing, gives the children
some fun in packing it away, cleans up
the yard to the extent of getting rid of
that much snow and freezes your foods
quicker than ice, besides saving the salt.
Is it a Yankee trick? Oh, yes, I learned
it ui) in Vermont, lint a lot of good things
are learned up there."
Kuehne Beveridge's
Bust of Kaiulani
The Hawaiian club of Honolulu consist-!
ing of the wealthier class of natives has
about determined to ask the services of
Miss Kuehne Beveridge, the sculptress,
to mould a buist of their dead young
ruler—for to the last they persisted in
thinking that some day Kaiulani would
lead them either as a queen, or as a diive
tress-general appointed by the United
When they first proposed a monument
Lt> Kaiulani to be placed in the old palace
it was suggested that they apply to some
English sculptor, as Kaiulani was edu
cated 'principally in. England. Rut upon
considi ration, and when her love for
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America was taken into the argument, it i
was decided that no one'could do justice
to the Americanized Hawaiian I'rinc
ns well as an American; and they could
think of none other who would enter into
the felling af the subject as well as
Kut line I 'cveridge.
The price to be paid for the bust was
not considered, for the Hawaiians do
things in a princely way. Besides they
want the bust heroic size, which is larg
er than anything icivntly executed of a
wotua n.
The attitude in which the figure is to
pose is to be left partly to the imagina
tion of tiie sculptress, but Kaiulani's pro
file which was singularly lovely when
seen with head slightly inclined forward,
has i - n suggested. Around the should
ers then will be a drapery, making the
figure ;l . classic which cannot be altered
by the changing fashions.
Miss Kuehne Beveridge, the young
sculpti t ss who is to be so singularly hon
ored in a distant branch of her own coun
try.was born in the executive mansion in
Springli. id, Illinois. Her grandfather
was at that time governor of the state
and he chose that liis grandchild should
have tlie prestige of liis home.'
But the Beveridges did not long live
in Illinois. Mis. Beveridge contracted a
second marriage and went to live in Eu
rope as the Baroness vom Wiede. Pre
vious to in r life in Europe she si» nt a
time in California; and there little
Kueliiu and her sister went to sch ool.
The life in Europe was very beneficial
to the young girl from an artistic stand
point. The Baroness, her mother, had a
great fondness for the fine arts and de
bated between music and painting for her
dgauhti r: for Kuehne was very preco
cious and early outgrew her class, s. Fi
nally her mother chose the violin and
gave lier daughter a thorough instruction
in the art. But Miss Beveridge grew
tired of music and, at the age of sixteen,
decided to devote lier life to painting and
In 1S92 when she was seventeen years
old she came to New York with her moth
er and maid and took up her apartments
in the old Victoria hotel, now gone out of
existence. She had been here only a few
days when she got a commission from
President Cleveland to model n bust of
him. This she did so successfully that Joe
Jefferson allowed her to model him and so
lattVr''^"particularly !
- -- 1
also did Buffalo Bill and James J. Cm
bett. Her later work has been over
head of William J. Bryan and another of
Stevenson, the
fine. Her bust of Maceo.an inspired work
done within two hours after hearing of
his heroic death, is her favorite.
it is impossible that one so precocious
j and so talented should not have kninwn
all the experiences of the world; and Miss
Beveridge, beautiful, gifted and versatile
found her way upon the stage in Charles
Coghlan's company. Of course tlie inevi
table happened. Miss Beveridge and Mr.
Coghlan married in 1893 when she
Instantly Relieved by
One Application of
» m
I 4 04a Bathe the affected parts thoroughly with Hot AVater and Cuti
10 T \Tpn cult \ Soar, to remove tlie crusts and seal» s, and soften tlie in tinned,
I*»* wlllp cracked, bleeding or thickened cuticle.
rtJ 04 a |% Next apply Cl Tici'R.v Ointment, tiie great skin eure and purest
/II AmiJ of emollients, to aliaj itching, irritation, and inllammation, and
_ soothe and heal.
J|| CtIJII Lastly, take a full dose of Cututra Rksolvkxt, to cool and
Wll dECP cleanse the blood, and expel Humor Ukkms.
This singi.f. treatment affords instant relief, permits rest and sleep, and points
to a speedy, permanent, and economical euro of tho most torturing, disfiguring,
itching, burning, and scaly skin and scalp humors, rashes and irritations, with
loss of hair, when all other remedies and even tlie best physicians fail.
On V L I UUn llnlll) IlnlllfU purent umi sweetest fur teilet, bath, uuil uuisery.
rorid Thick, Tint Sit. Sl.&tior 8o»r. jie., Oistmiht, Me.. IUsolkixt (half liie).Me.
Trop* , U. S. A. ikput, F. NswsSsr s bos», London. Uow tot'll* Uumori.tros.
scarcely eighteen yeais old. and after a
few months of harmony they separated.
Eleven months after Miss Beveridge ob
tained a divorce through her guardian aa
she was too young to appear personally
In the divorce ' ourts.
She then took up her residence in a lit
tle house in East Seventeenth street. New
York, a house which is said to he a con
verted stable and which is unique out
side and in, but paitlcularly inside. Here
Miss Boveridgt 1ms stored treasures in
curios and bric-a-brac, and here she
works upon a piece of clay whose name
one minute is mud. and whose name the
next minute bears that of one of the he
roes of tlie world.
Miss Beveridge lias been lately report
e<1 ( ligagrd to James O. Blaine; Jr., a re
1 port which neither will affirm or deny. By
a strange irony of fate the young man is
the same who was reported at one time
engaged to be married to Kaiulani; and
so the princess, deprived of love and life,
is literally given over into the hands of
her living rivai.
At Quincy, Mich., a hen was buried
which had reached the age of almost.20.

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