OCR Interpretation

Daily inter mountain. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1881-1901, September 16, 1899, Image 14

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053057/1899-09-16/ed-1/seq-14/

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The position that the donkey holds in
the animal world is not an enviable one.
For years he has been despised and ill
treated. People who would think it the
height of cruelty to neglect a horse would
not hesitate to overload a donkey, even
if the}- did not forget to take proper care
of him afterwards, and it has long seem
ed to have been the popular impression
that he was the most unimportant and
least valuable of all animal creation.
How foreign to fact this is only the per
son who knows all about the donkey can
Outside those immediately concerned
in the mysteries and intricacies of don
key dealing there are probably not many
people who are aware that there is an
ever-growing demand for this animal. In
London, for instance, there is a recog
nized market where donkeys are on show
once a week and there those who are in
terested in these animals go to examine
and purchase them just as those who
wish to buy cattle go to Sniithfield or to
Tattersall's for horses. But Islington is
not the only market of this kind in the
All over Europe there are places where
the despised animal is bought and sold,
for in many countries the raising of
donkeys is an important source of rev
enue. The most important donkey mar
ket in this country is at Atlanta, where
once a year vast numbers of the animals
are taken to be disposed of. The season
for these sales is now drawing near and
as soon as winter sets in tens of thous
ands of these animals, each from three to
four years old. will Vie shipped to Geor
gia from the rich rice fields and grazing
land of Indiana, Kentucky and western
Tennessee. Then the railroad contract
ors, lumbermen, planters, oil operators
and mine owners will congregate around
the droves and the bargaining will com
mence, to continue until all have been
disposed of.
A few years ago there was little mar
ket for the mule except in particular sec
tions and for peculiar purposes, but for
some time past the demand has been in
creasing until today it is difficult to find
a sufficient number of the animals to
meet the requirements of the market. The
reason for this is that the donkey is sup
planting the horse. For ornamental pur
18 >1 units
4 «
* —
poses the members of the equine family
Will, naturally, always hold first place,
but man has discovered that for actual
work the donkey Is the beast on whom
he can depend. Another reason for the
demand is that the United States gov
ernment as well as the powers of Europe,
ere now purchasing more of these ani
mals than ever before.
England was one of the first nations
io make definite experiments to deter'
mine the relative value of the mule and
the horse, and the result was such that
mule driving has become a recognized
branch of the British service. At the j
campaign in Egypt in 1882 the horse suf- I
fered severely from a variety of diseases
from all of which the mule was exempt,
and the experiments made by Germany
and Russia have proved conclusively
that the donkey brigade is one of the
most valuable adjuncts to the army. For
pack animals, for draught and for moun
tain artillery they are far superior to
the horse, and as they seem to be imper
vious to climatic conditions their posi
tion in the affection of the various war
departments of Europe is secure, even
though it may be some time before the
world has an opportunity to see a gen
eral leading his forces to the front
astride the back of one of them. The ex
periment made by the United States dur
ing the war with Spain resulted as might
have been exepeeted, and scores of these
animals are now being shipped to Cuba,
Porto Rico and the Philippines.
One of the chief values of the asinine
family lies In the fact that they may be
adapted to any and all purposes. Care
ful selection and systematic interbreed
ing will do anything with them and this
explains the fact that there are scores of
different varities of animals that are
crosses between the horse and the ass.
Many as they are, however, they are di
vided Into three distinct classes, the
Jackass, the donkey and the burro.
The ass, which is the largest member
of the family, is nearly as large as the
» orse and, like hiB many cousins, he is
oied for his eurefootedness. He re
•«lires but about one-quarter the amount
of food demanded by the horse, and upon
these rations he will carry burdens under
which the more generous animal would
break down, over places in which the
other could not keep his footing.
The donkey possesses the sobriety, pa
tience, endurance and surefootedness of
the ass combined with the vigor, strength
and courage of the horse and is more gen
erally used than his larger cousin. The
burro, which is the smallest member of
the asinine family, is used chiefly in the
mines and in the mountainous districts
where a small animal is required to draw
or carry a very heavy load. He, too, is
surefooted and patient and is more do
cile than the larger animals. Moreover
the characteristics of the various breeds
of donkey-kind may differ in one particu
lar they all agree, and that is in their
ability to carry heavy weight for great
distances. Large or small it makes no
difference, and the smallest burro would
carry a load that would stagger the
strongest man.
That the mule is rapidly obtaining a
new position in the world is shown con
clusively by government statistics. On
January 1, 1893, there were 16,200.000
horses in the United States, and these
represented a total value of more than
a billion dollars, or, to be exact, $1,007,
593,636. At the same time the number
of mules was 2,315.000, representing a
total value of $175,000,000.
It was at about this time that the hrrse
began to lose standing. The discovery
that the mule was in many respects a
better animal tended to bring about this
result, while the coming of the bicycle,
the electric and cable car, the auto-motor
and the improved farming machinery all
played an important part in equine un
doing. As the result on January 1 last,
there were but about 13,000.000 horses in
the country and the total value had de
preciated to about $500,000,000, or a de
crease of more than one-half in six years,
whereas the mules had increased in num
ber to more than 3,000,000, with a relative
incerase in valuation. Today, taking the
entire country, the average value of a
horse is $35, while the average value of a
mule is $42. So the patient, long-suffer
ing mule is at Inst avenged for he is now
of considerable more value than a horse.
Strange as all this may seem to one who
, , . .
two states m the union where there are
practically no mules to speak of, New
York and Michigan, for even in, New
England there are many in use. Texas
ranks first as a state where donkeys are
common, and it is closely followed by
Missouri, Georgia, Tennessee, Indiana
South Carolina, California, Kansas, Ar
kansas and Pennsylvania,
Even in Minnesota, which Is by no
means a mule country, there were nearly
9,000 in use when the last count was
illtreatment and rebuffs, and requiring j
little recompense for his service. At the

taken, and from present indications the
next census will show that the donkey
has taken even greater strides in Us
work of supplanting the horse.
To one who is intimately acquainted
with the mule all this is but another il
lustration to prove the existence of the
great law of the survival of the fittest.
His position in life has been a humble
one and it has taken many years for man
to show proper appreciation of his use
fulness to civilization, which is second
only to the pioneers of the humon race
whose labors he has shared, and during
all these years he has lived his life pa
tiently, doing his duty, taking all kinds of
same time the mule is by no means th
stupid animal he is often represented to
be. There is a great deal of human na
ture in the beast and while he is some
times a hypocrite and is often very much
depraved there is practically no limit to
the service lie will perform under fairly
respectable treatement. Where he came
from no one seems to know. His origin
is one of the secrets that have never been
solved. lie was on earth win n man
made his earliest records and today he
is still very much alive. In all proba
bility he will be the burden bearer of
mankind long years after the more grace
ful horse shall have ceased to inhabit the
|20 set« vt teeth $10. Dr. Wi*.
New York Sun: It was 6 o'clock. The
budding was well-nigh deserted. Only
one elevator was running and the swish
of the scrubwoman's mop was heard in
the hall. The one solitary typewriter
who remained to break the monotony of,
the evening silence with the clicking of
her machine softly opened the office door,
and, after looking cautiously around for
a moment, stepped out into the hall. In
her hand she carried a 6x6 square of
heavy white paper. Seeing there was no
one to watch her but the scrubwoman
and a belated toiler standing near the ,
elevator shaft, she assumed an air of j
boldness, and producing from some mys- j
terious recess in the hollow of her hand i
four brass-headed nails, she began to i
tack the square of paper to the office .
door. j
The belated toiler left her position near j
the elevator and approached near enough l
to read the card on which was written in ,
bold type:
Typewriting Institution.
Patronage Solicited. Satisfac
tion Guaranteed.
The undersigned does hereby
announce to whomsoever it may
concern, that she will write let
ters, briefs, contracts, copy
manuscript, and supply postage
stamps for mailing the same,
"Free of Cost." for any worthy
person who is "broke," or for
any unworthy person who hasi
money, but who does not like to
spend it in trifles of this sort.
Please call.
The beated toiler read the queer no
tice again. She was still reading it when
the industrious typewriter reappeared,
at ted and veiled, preparatory to going
home. When she stopped to lock the
door the belated toiler stepped forward
and accosted her.
"Pardon me." said the toiler, pointing
to the typewritten paper, "will you kindly
tell me the meaning of this?"
The typewriter smiled grimly.
"Well," she said, "considering you ap
pear to be a woman who is able to appre
ciate a tale of woe occasionally, I don't
mind telling you mine. Were you ever
imposed upon? 1 have been. 1 am im
posed upon daily, and am getting sick
and tired of it. 1 am employed in that
office at it regular salary. It isn't a lord
ly income, mind you, but it is a salary
and I'm glad to get it. Now, I'm not
... — brothers and his
bosom friends and his chance acquaint
, antes that I am kicking about.
j "Unless you have had had experience
J' ou wouldn't believe how many men
; there are in tliisi town who get their
typewriting' done for nothing. It is an
honest fact that there are scores of them
I'hZLY'T °" 3 l,alf - waj ' decent business
«V. rh K #h t>Pe " nUen COIre spondence for
" . , ch , . thf y never pay a penny. As I
sa:d, I have nothing against my employer
hut must say that it certainly is not to
Ins credit that those cousins and brothers
and friends and acquaintances aforemen
tioned belong to that class of impostors.
You see, my employer's work does not
keep me busy half of the time (if it did
lie would have to pay a larger salary),
and there is scarcely a day that one of
Ins impecunious and parsimonious hang
ers-on does not come in with a 'bit' of
work which lie 'wonders if he could get
d ° n t e as a little accommodation.' That
bit of work often consumes an hour or
more of my time—it was a piece of it that
kept me so late tonight—and I ought to
be paid for it, but my presumptuous cus
tomer never ihinks of a recompense other
than a mere* Thank you,* and sometimes
he even omits that. Why, the work I do
would amount to an average of $2 a day
were I a professional typewriter.
"By the time these parasites have vis
ited several other offices as they come to
ours, they manage to get their corre
spondence taken care of quite nicely.
My employer has been away for a week!
but his absence is marked by no abate
ment of the nuisance. They drop in and
ask for a little favor, just the same. I
tiare not complain, openly, but while I
am running shop to suit myself I am
going to take the case in my own hands
and exercise a little diplomacy to coun
teract their audacity. Hence that sign.
It seems to me that after reading that
any man who has a spark of shame in
his make-up, would walk five miles to
get a letter written before asking me to
do it gratis. Still, you caji't tell. They're
awfully baidened."
j t0 P Ufi h the trust into the background
j and treat the problem of imperialism and
i expansion as the only issue of the day.
i ® ut ignoring the industrial evil means
. eithei 1 shielding the trust or planning Lo
j profit politically by an artificial enthus
j iasm river war and new possessions,
l It is instructive to note how useless the
, anti-trust laws have been. They have
The trust creates conditions more se
rious than any our people have ever
faced, slavery and secession alone ex
cepted. It is fraught with more conse
tion of
arising nut of the recent
lean war.
. .
the nation than the ques
xpansion and foreign policy j
foreign policy
Spanish- Amer
it may suits the plans of some people ,
I been enacted in twenty-five states.
Twenty states have no anti-trust laws.
But only in four states have serious at
tempts been made to enforce them—that
is. in Ohio, Missouri, New York and
TheSe are three of the evils of the
trust—namely : Increase of prices, cheap
ening of the quality of the product, and
lowering of wages. It is often repre
sented by the advocates of trusts and
combines that the prices for which the
necessaries of life are sold have been
greatly reduced as the result of economy
in production, manufacture and hand
ling. It is no doubt true that the cost of ;
such production can be lowered. That o
prices to the consumer will be reduced is
to say the least, unlikely.
Until some monopoly has furnished an
example of such reduction the world is
not likely to believe that it will be done.
The fact is that as the cost of produc
tion is reduced the price is lowered suffi
ciently to preserve the monopoly. Then
the saving in production is divided
among the shareholders in the monopoly.
The consumer who has lost his means
of livelihood through the establishment
of the monopoly pays the price that
makes his destroyers rich. May I add
that there is a limit to low prices? They
may be so low as to make every one
poor. The farmer can not receive prices
that will enable him to live if the buyer
of his produce is working for starvation
wages. "Cheap goods make cheap men."
The trust drives the small manufac
turer and merchant, whether individual
firm or corporation, out of business. It
prevents men of small capital from
starting independent business.
By swallowing up smaller concerns, it
throws traveling salesmen, clerks, fore
men and managers out of employment.
For the purpose of reducing expenses and
limiting production it shuts up factories
and adds to the army of unemployed.
Thus it is that the class of consumers is
lessened in numbers. In other words the
market is narrowed.
The forcing of watered securities upon
the' market is not the least of the evils
of trusts. Let me illustrate how a trust
of today is organized, and you will ap
preciate the force of this statement:
Take the tobacco trust. Suppose there
are forty large tobacco factories in the
country. The promoter of the trust visits
most of them and pictures in glowing
terms to each company the benefits of
forming a trust. They conclude to take !
a large amount of stock and bonds
of the trust. Each company sends in an
inventory and appraisal of its property,
made by itself. Of course, the valuations
are ample, so that one company will not
Finally all this property is transferred
to the trust, a huge corporation with en
ormous capital. For this work the finan
ciers also receive a large amount of the
stock and bonds of the trust. The forty
small corporations are dissolved and the
trust is born. It immediately executes
a mortgage on its property and issues
bonds usually equal to the amount of its
stock. The stock and bonds are given in
liberal amounts to the promoter and the
financier and distributed among the
stockholders of the forty small com
panies. It is plain to the dullest of us
that this process means immense quan
tities of "water" in the stock and bonds
of the trust. But what do the promoter
and the financier care about that?
The ones who suffer are the innocent
who purchase the securities as invest
ments, and the men and women who are
thrown out of employment by the closing
of factories made necessary by the "econ
omy" of the trust management. Event
ually the wages of the employes are re
duced and the consumer pays a tribute
In high prices in order that dividends and
Interest may be paid to the owners of the
heavily "watered" stock and bonds of the
trust. This is the evil feature of the pres
ent craze for trusts, against which the
financial journals and authorities cry
out. They predict a fearful panic in a
few years as a result of it. They are
thinking of the distress which will come
to their clients.
It Is not true that a better article,
lower prices, ready employment and bet
ter wages will follow as a result of the
trust, for when it becomes necessary to
pay dividends and interest on heavily
"watered" stock and bonds it can not
be the Case. But, aside from this, the en
tire scheme of the trust is Inhuman. It
treats man as a beast of burden, or de
grades him to the position of a slave.
This brings me to the most serious as
pect of the trust question. Throw aside
all consideration of the money involved.
pay no attention to the effect upon busi
ness, and even ignore the matter of
wages, but fix your attention upon the
effect which these immense combinations
:of mon y, selfishness and greed have upon
the character and life of our people.
the character and life of our people.
The growth of corporate influence,
abuse of corporate privileges is a decided
menace to the free institutions of our
country. Individuals, firms, and small
corporations can no longer do a profit
able business. The trust is crushing them
out with weapons as heartless as they
are relentless. There is no longer such a
thing as independence in business.
Harsh as it may sound, the trust will
divide the people of this country into
sharply defined classes—masters and
slaves. The tendency of the trust is to
place all business into the hands of a
few men whose only ability lies in their
power to make money. All employes will
be subject to these men, and they will be
.treated as tools to do the bidding of
their mercenary masters.
I wish I had the space to call your at
tention to the evil influence of the trust
upon the politics of the country. Its
silent workings in our state legislatures
might be illustrated: its methods of cor
rupting the press might be exposed.
One financial authority says that the
capital stock of the trusts now in ex- |
istence amounts to six thousand millions
o fdollars. Another financial Journal says
that two thousand five hundred millions
of dollars. Another financial journal says
born since January 1, 1898. It follows this
statement with the startling assertion
that one thousand seven hundred and
fifty millions out of the two thousand
five hundred millions represents "Water."
During the month of March this year,
the total capital of trusts incorporated in
New Jersey alono with capital more
than ten millions each amounts to one
thousand and five millions of dollars.
1 asked for reports from the secretaries
of state of every state in the union show
ing the number and capital of corpora
tions with capital over one million dol
lars each, organized from January 1,
1898, to Mardi 1, 1899. The figures which
I received showed beyond question that
practically all of the trusts are organized
under the laws of New Jersey and New
York—a very small proportion in New
We all know that most of the trusts
are conceived in New York because cap
ital is concentrated there, but it seems
that they cross the river to New Jersey
to get the license to live.
Do you think that I am prejudiced if I |
suggest that the trust evil might be
cured if all the other states should ex
tend an invitation to New Jersey to se
cede from the union. This, however,
might be embarassing just now. Our
vice-president and attorney general are
both citizens of New Jersey.
I am satisfied that a large part of the
evils resulting from trusts would no
longer exist if states and especially New
Jersey, did not grant such liberal char- i
ters. I wish I had the space to mention j
the powers granted by New Jersey to the !
Federal Steel company. It is a trust with
two hundred millions capital. It can do
! anything from running a blacksmith j
shop to building vessels. Its charter is
perpetual and its power almost unlimited. |
It can operate anywhere in the United
States unless absolutely prohibited by
each state. For these privileges it paid
------------- --------- „ ------signed,
New Jersey a $40,000 incorporation fee ■
and a $13,000 yearly franchise tax. |
I believe that government and munici
pal ownership and operation of railroad, j
street railways, gas, electric light, water
and other public utilities will help solve i
the problems which arise from the en- ,
croachmenls of corporate capital. j
It ought not to be a difficult problem to
_ ,
suppress the trust. Its gets Its life, its ;
charter from the state. If it operates !
against public policy why can not the
state end its existence?
As at present organized the trust is a
conspiracy against the individual busi
ness man. It has no legitimate place in
American business life.
Executive Mansion, Lansing, Mich.
London News: The penny-in-the-slot
gas metre introduced from Liverpool by
the South Metropolitan Gas company
three or four years ago has been an as
tonishing success, and a further develop
ment of the idea is now- being tried. It
has been a success, at any rate, so far as
the attainment of a wide popularity may !
be considered to constitute success, !
though it is understood that the gas 1
light and coke companies does not find it
pay. On the other side of the water it
pays very well, and they have nearly
90,000 customers and are adding to them !
at the rate of 300 or 400 a week. These
are all penny customers, and they bring
into the company's exchequer somewhere j
about 200,000 pounds a year, so that this !
development has done much to neutralize !
any injury the electric light may have in- !
Aided. So satisfied is the company with
the result of its new departure that it is
now getting out "shilling in the slot" and
"half crown in the slot" metres for cus
tomers a cut or two above the penny peo
ple. One great advantage the company
has In this system is, of course, that there
is no trouble and no difficulty in getting
in money. "No penny, no gas." is the
principle, and it will be the same with the
shilling and half crowns, though these at
present are only in the experimental
London Standard: The Vienna Cham
ber of Commerce has petitioned for the
introduction of telegram post cards and
telegram letter cards, the invention, like
the ordinary post card, of Prof. Dr. Her
mann. They would be posted in the
usual way. and the message written on
them would at once be telegraphed or
telephoned from the postofflee to the re
ceiving office, and there transferred with
the ordinary letters.
■--- :./•!
Nuttall has determined that the smell
of freshly turned earth is due to the
growth of a bacterium, the elathodrix
odorfera, which multiplies in decom
posing vegetable matter, and more rap
idly bacterium is arrested, but it is imme
Hence the odor is especially marked af
ter a shower, or when moist earth is dis
turbed. In dry soil the development of
the bacterium i sarrested, but it is imme
diately resumed with vigor as soon as
moisture is restored.
The next solar eclipse will take place
on May 29, 1900. In order that the obser
vations may be made in as useful and
systematic a manner as possible, astron
omers ate already considering plans for
| observin'- the idienomennn 1
" 1 nienon.
A loaf of stale bread may be made to
taste like newly baked bread if it is
dipped in cold water for a moment or two
and then put in a pan and rebaked for
three-quarters of an hour.
Second Judicial District of the State of
Montana, County of Silver Bow.
In the matter of the estate of Samuel
H. Stuart, deceased. Order appointing
time for probate of will, and directing
publication of notice of same.
It is hereby ordered, that Saturday, the
23d day of September, 1899, at 2 o'clock p
m. of said day, at the court room of said
court at the court house in the county
of Silver Bow, be. and the same is, here
by appointed for the time for proving the
last will and testament of Samuel II. Stu
art, deceased, and hearing the applica
tion of Lueena S. Wadsworth for letters
testamentary, and any person interested
may appear and contest the said will, and
may file objections in writing to' the
granting of letters testamentary to said
It is further ordered, that notice be
given thereof by the clerk of said court
by publication not less than ten days
before said 23d day of September, 1S99,
in the Daily Inter Mountain, a newspaper
printed and published in said county.
Dated Sept. 9. 1899.
To Patrick W. Murray and the estate of
Nicholas Ayers, your heirs, executors
administrators and assigns: '
You are hereby notified that (he under
signed, your co-owners, in accoi1ar.ee
with the provisions of section 2324 of the
Revised Statut* s of the United states
expended in labor and improvements on
the Lottie quartz lode mining claim, situ
ate in tb= Summit Valley mining district
Silver Bow county, Montana, the notice
of which is recorded in book "G." at rmga
13S, of the records of lode claims of said
county, the sum of twenty-fine f$25) dol
lars in the years 1895. 1S9G, 1897 and 1898
in representing the said lode claim for tha
said years, said payment covering tha
portion of the representation of said
claim, which belong to your interest, and
that of the undersigned And if within
| 90 days after the completion of the ser
vice of this notice by publication, you
fail or refuse to pay the undersigned youtl
proportion of the said representation
work, your share (P. W. Murray) $100,
and the estate of Nicholas Ayers $25, for
representing work in the year 1898, ac
cording to your interest in the said min
ing claim, that your interest in the said
lode claim will become the property o£
the undersigned In accordance with tha
provisions of said section 2324 of the Re
vised Statutes of the United States
Butte. Mont.. June 1, 1899.
To Patrick H Murray and Francis Cat-
lan, your heirs, successors or assigns
you ore hereby notified that the under!
your c-> owner. has. in accordance
■ with the provisions cf section 2324. of the
| revised statutes of the Sfntes, per
'formed ,ab ° r ^ n ,- nn n J„ ® ,m P r °ven»ejit*
j t0 the vaU . 8 „, f 8 ' 92 P 1 M , '- en , t ' n ® for
1 jhe years 1891, law, 1893. 189o, 1896, 1SJ7
'and 1898. the Maid of Erin lode mining
claim, situated In unorganized mining
district. Silver Bow county. Montana, a«
located on the 26th day of March. 1890. by
u u MurrAV. .Francis Calla n ana T.1.1
, P. H. Murray, Francis Callan and John
; Rooney, and recorded on page 313 of Book
! h of Lode Locations, records of Silver
Bow county. Montana, and you are here
by notified that If you fail to contribute
your proportion of said expenditures,
amounting to $466.66, within 90 days from
the date hereof, all your right, title and
Interest ar.d claim will become the prop
erty of the undersigned, your co-owner,
who has made the required expenditures.
Butte. Mont June IS. 1899.
Township of Stiver Bow. county cf SiiTrt!
Bow, state of Montana. Tim Harring
ton, Justice of the Peace.
Mrs. R. B. Thomas, plaintiff, vs. Roy;
R. Ilarkness, defendant.
The State of Montana sends greeting ta
Roy R- Ilarkness, the defendant above
named. You are hereby required to ap
pear before me in my odlce at 110 NortW
Main street, in the city of Butte, town
ship of Silver Bow. county of Silver Bow.
and state of Montana, or within five day«
after service of this summons, on Thura
day, the 3l3t day of August, A. D., 1899, at
9 o'clock a. m., and answer the complaint
of plaintiff on file in an action to recoven
of you the sum of thirty-six and eighty
^ ve one-hundred tha dollars ($36.85) alleg
e< * l _°, he ^ e, # ^ f
' *
to plaintiff for board furnished you by,
plaintiff at your special instance and re
quest; and you arc hereby notified, that
If you fail to appear and answer the said
complaint as above required, JudgmenB
will be taken against you according ta
the complaint and costs of this suit.
Given under my band this 28th day ol
July, A. D„ 1899.
Justice of the Peace, ' '

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