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Daily inter mountain. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1881-1901, November 18, 1899, Image 14

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Glasgow, Nov. 8.—While the great ex
position at Paris in 1900 will probably not
be overshadowed for many years to
come, preparations are already being
made for another big show to be opened
In Glasgow, Scotland, on May 1, 1901. The
appropriations have been made, the
plans have been approved, the buildings
are being erected and every effort is be
ing made to see that nothing is neglected
that would add to the success of the en
terprise. While the Glasgow exposition
may not be as great as the exhibition at
Paris it will certainly be of sufficient
importance to attract world-wide atten
It was nearly a year ago that the pro
posal to hold such an exposition was first
made. For some time the merchants,
manufacturers and shipowners of Scot
land had been expressing alarm at the
serious injury to British and Colonial
trade arising from the continued exten
sion of foreign competition. America
and Germany were succeeding in captur
ing markets in which Great Britain had
long been pre-eminent and it was real
ized that some action must be taken to
stop the tide that deemed to threaten the
commercial interest of the nation.
The practical result of this feeling of
alarm will be shown in the Glasgow ex
position where the men who make and
the men who sell goods will gather from
all parts of the United Kingdom and will
exert themselves to show the world that
Great Britain is second to no nation in
business enterprise and manufacturing
achievements. In order that this fact
may be more fully exemplified other na
tions have been invited to send their
choicest products to Scotland and the
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projectors of the exhibition are confident
that their own goods will not suffer from
comparison that will result. « j
It is probable that no exposition pro- |
ject was ever inaugurated under more
favorable circumstances. Lord Blyths
wood, one of the best business men of !
Scotland, has accepted the active presi- 1
dency and both Queen Victoria and the
Prince of Wales have consented to act as
patrons of the exposition. The foreign
office is using its influence to persuade
other governments to give their sympa
thy if not their active co-operation to the i
work and, what is more to the purpose !
at the outset, there will be no lack of
available funds. Already the city of
Glasgow has raised a guarantee fund of
nearly $5,000.000 and it is expected that
parliament will appropriate freely to the
enterprise. Under these circumstances
there is no reason to believe that the af
fair will not be a great and unqualified
success. j
The last great exhibition that was held
in Glasgow was in 188$ and the exposition
of 1901 will be located on the same site. \
The site is one of exceptional beauty and '
convenience. It consists of more than
sixty-seven acres and comprises the en
tire western portion of lCelvingrove
Park and the Bunhouse grounds, j
Through the grounds the river Kelvin,
twists and turns most picturesquely !
while, on one side, rise the slopes of Gil- '
morehill, crowned by the massive and
beautiful university buildings. A site 1
better suited for such an exposition
could not possibly have been selected.
The great exhibition of 1888 was of a
most general character and it is intend
ed that the coming exposition shall sur- !
pass it in its wide scope. While it is pri
marily intended to illustrate the charac
ter of British products there will be no
such limitations placed upon its displays.
Of course, this first object will be car
ried out to its fullest extent, and the re- '
sources of the British empire will be rep- j
resented as never before. All the pro
ducts and manufactures of the kingdom ;
will be shown.'
The colonies will be called upon to send
the best possible exhibits and the finest
fruits of the arts and labors of the sons j
and daughters of Victoria will thus be ,
gathered together. These features alone
would constitute an exhibition that j
would well repay a trip of thousands of
miles and when it is remembered that
this is to be but one of the many features ;
of the exposition it is possible to obtain i
a slight idea of its breadth and scope, j
Already arrangements have been made
to transfer many of the largest exhibits
at Paris to Glasgow and few of the gov
ernments that will contribute to the suc
cess of the French exposition will fail to
be well represented in Scotland.
In some respects the Glasgow exposi
tion will be modeled after that of Paris.
Its divisions will be similar and equal at
tention will be paid to the amusement of
visitors. At present, however, few plans
for such entertainment have been made,
the particular attention up to this time
having been given to the' exposition
proper, which is to contain specially '
good exhibits of the tine artB; history and j
archaeology; locomotion and transporta
tion, including, of course, the automobile
and the submarine boat; electricity in all
its branches; machinery, and all labor
saving devices; mining; marine engin
eering; forestry; sports; woman's work,
and scores of other sections so arranged
as to cover with remarkable complete
ness every branch of human achieve
According to the plans that have been
accepted the exhibition buildings will
cover more than fifteen acres and. if this
space is not sufficient, room has been loft
for the erection of other buildings. In
making their plans the architects have
been guided by a sense of harmony that
will make every structure a work of art I
fully in keeping with the beautiful Must »
eum of Fine Arts that is to be erected at
the same time and that is to remain as a
permanent memorial of what is intended
to be one of the most comprehensive ex
positions the world has ever witnessed
So far as beautifying the grounds is con
cerned, however, the exhibition officials
will have little to do. Already Kelvin
grove Park is considered one of the show
places of Europe and the art of the land
scape gardener can do little to improve
upon the artistic effect of its ornamental
flower plots, its wide sweep of terraces
and the general arrangements of its
ponds and fountains.
In addition to all this, however, the
Glasgow exposition is to be made the
occasion for a gathering of students of
political problems from all parts of the
world. This does not imply that the
radical exponents of the various politi
cal isms are to be permitted to make life
unsafe in Glasgow. It does not mean
tunity to meet each other and compare
notes. A more suitable place for such a
political congress could scarcely be sug
gested, for no city in the world furnishes
a better illustration of the effect of
somewhat radical political methods car
ried to their fullest extreme.
Years ago the city officials of Glas
gow determined to own their own water
supply. A few years later the same
principle of municipal ownership was
applied to gas. Now not only watc r and
gas are supplied direct by the city but
electricity as well. The street car ser
vice is now in the hands of the munici
pality. Great public markets are run by
the city and many of the greatest enter
prises, such as the harbor and dock
yards, the ferries and steamers that ply
the river are all munieipal^nterprises.
At the present time the question of the
advantages or disadvantages to be de
rived from municipal ownership consti
tute a question that represents one of
the widest fields of political discussion.
In Glasgow the trust is discouraged as
in no other city in the world and stu
dents of politics who attend this con
gress will have an opportunity to ex
amine a practical application of some of
the most radical reforms that have yet
been projected as a remedy for the evil
of too great accumulation of wealth.
Such questions, however, will prove of
interest even to those who are not to be
properly regarded as political reformers.
Good citizens, from whatever part of the
world they may come, will be glad to
study Glasgow's methods of administer
ing her affairs and will be able to profit
by her success if the method should show
itself to be a wise one.
Under these circumstances, therefore,
it is safe to say that 1901 wil prove to be
a memorable year for the city of Glas
gow. During the exposition of 1888 more
than six million people visited the city
and the actual profits of the exhibition
were more than $250,000. There seems to
be every indication that the exposition
of 1901 will be even more successful.
e to
be re
y th;
it tlie
arms nat
an c
Trains running in tunnels push along
a column of air, which adds greatly to
tlie resistance apart from the increased
side resistance. This is shown by tests
Mr. P. V. McMahon has been making on
the City and South London Electric rail
way. The air resistance directly In front
of the locomotive proved to be between 1
an 1 Vi pounds per square foot at a speed
of about fourteen miles an hour, but it
dropped to nothing at plat es where cross
passages in the tunnel give free outlet
for the air in front. The force required
to start and keep the trains in motion
was found to be correspondingly greater
than on open roads. The tractive resist
ance is forty pounds per ton of train at
starting but when a velocity of six miles
is reached a pull of only ten pounds per
ton is required to keep the train in mo
tion. Beyond a speed of about thirteen
miles an hour, the resistance to motion
increases, becoming about twenty-one
pounds per ton at twenty-six miles.
The electrolytic process for making re
flectors for search-lights and other pur
poses, as described to the British Asso
ciation by Mr. Cowped foies, is as sim
ple as it is promising of important re
sults. A coating of metallic silver is de
posited chemically on a glass convex
mould. The coated mould is then im
mersed in an electrolyte of copper sul
phate and rotated about fifteen times a
minute, when a firmly-adhering coating
of copper is deposited on the silver, giv
ing a substantial backing. The silver
and copper form the reflector, which is
separated from the mould by the unequal
expansion on carefully heating in a wat
er bath to 120 degrees F. The silver has
the brilliant polish of the mould, and re
quires only protection against tarnish
ing, which is best given by depositing on
it a film of palladium.
The theory that the vermiform appendix j
is a useless rudimentary organ is hardly
convincing. A late writer. Dr. Slaugh
ter, contends that it has a useful func
tion in secreting mucus to lubricate the
lower intestines, ar.d that inflammation
from obstruction of this mucus is the
chief exciting cause of appendicitis, a less
severe form of the disease being due lo
impaired circulation in the appendix.
Most cases of appendicitis known to this
physician have recovered without an
operation or recurrence. i
A marvel of ingenuity is the mechani
cal perpetual calendar constructed in lei
sure hours by M. Albert Jagot, of Mans.
It consists of but five wheels—with a to
tal of ninety-six teeth—and nine levers
or catches, yet it is designed to indicate
the day of the week, the date, and the
month, automatically, for centuries, and
to show the 29th day of February, in ac
cordance with our calendar—that is.
•y fourth
■ except tin
p three ren
u-y years
in o\
•ery four re
•nturies that
not leap
y -a ]
rs. The m
eehanism is
a ted by
weights, ii
if which one
ihvs wini
Jin g
every fiftet
•n (lays, the
mil is to !
>e V. a
mud oik e a
. ear. « idle
the third acts as a counterweight to
bring the principal wheel to its starting
point mice a month.
A linoleum like substance is made from
roasted leather in a Rhenish color faet
or.v. The roasted leather is mixed with
oxidized linseed oil. possibly with the ad
dition of adhesiv e agents and gums, stt; it
as shellac, colophony, mucilage, traga
'cianth, etc. Ii is then pressed or rolled
upon some coarse fabric.
Certain fresh water algae named l>v a
French botanist. M. R. Bouiihac. are
claimed to be able to absorb arsenic
without injury, at least one species ap
pearing to derive more benefit in growth
from arsenic acid than front phosphoric
A kind of electric flat iron, called the
neurotone, is a device for spreading gen
tle electric applications over the skin on
any portion of the body. A base plate
contains the two electrodes, which are
polished metal plates 3 Va inches long by
one incH 1 wide, with a suitable gap be
tween. A flexible cord conducts the cur
rent from the battery, the strength being
adjustable by a regulator ou the base,
nnd the electrodes are moved over the af
fected parts as an iron is passed over
In photographing the mucous mem
brane of the living stomach. Drs. Lange
and Melzing use a stomach tube two
feet long and a half an inch in diameter,
with an electric light at the lower end
and a camera at the upper end. The
emptied stomach is washed, then dis
tended with air. In ten or fifteen min
utes fifty or more successive pictures can
be taken, the apparatus being turned lo
bring all parts into view, and the minute
photographs can be enlarged as desired.
The plastering proves to have nn af
fect upon the acoustic properties of a
room. Prof. Nussbaum, of Hanover, re
ports the best results from using pure
gypsum that has been raised to a white
A somewhat novel electric omnibus of
Berlin weighs six and one-half tons, with
its load of twenty-one passengers, and
has accumulators weighing a ton and a
half. There are two motors on each axle
four on all. which are so arranged that
the wheeels are driven Independently.
The single reduction gearing has a ratio
of 1 to 7.5 on the front wheels and 1 to 8
on the rear wheels, and regulation is ef
fected by means of series-parallel con
trollers in the usual way. The most in
teresting departure is probably the use
of a collecting bow for charging with
current from the overhead wires of the
street railway.
Just exactly why Saint Catherine has
been chosen as the patron of old maids
is not very clear. In the Lives of the
Saints we find many instances of saints
who, in their early years, vow them
selves to perpetual celibacy. Still, the
fact is an established one, and as the
feast of Saint Catherine, the 25th of No
vember, approaches, the votaresses of
the triumphal day with due solemnity.
Happy votaresses! Surely they have
chosen tin« better part. Their lives fol
low a peaceful even course. Independ
ent. fn-e. useful lives are theirs. Unham
pered by any iron fetters, they can ex
tend their sphere of usefulness to many
and in many directions.
e. in da
ys ^ono
by, tlie old
maid was 1
enked on much £
ts pari;
ih, an j
•t of 1
much ;
fff *1. su
i! the "
vielle fill,
is al- j
an n)
ijpCl of
n adln
ire her
valiant ;
to se- 1
CUi •
!n*r ir
cnee. Ht
M* l!S; f
ulness ;
is Rv
■nora !h
' admit
ted, and
she, h
c rself. '
ad of
ts form
ei-ly, hidi
n K her
head, :
es.' as i
it were.
in her si
a * e am
1 title.
U-c c.r
untry h;
is devivei
! iniu h
i more :
frôm i
his ie. w
state of
a t fairs.
it aboil
t man v
and w<
omen, a
nd much
The invasion of American and English
girls into France has done much to
bring about this particular moral change.
Peunie could but admire the quiet self
relinnt way with which they go about
their work, respected and self-respected,
no mat! r what prof,
profession they f.
■ills, professors,
v Thi-y generally
•linents or in stmt!
1 rol
nil y ever meeting
\v i i h
| onies. never or hardi;............. „ ......
; any harm, and why should they meet
\ with harm.' They do not look for it. do
; not think of it. It is a true word: "Se-'k
j and you shall lind." And so our brave
j girls, with steadfast eyes and hearts, uc
| comnlish a good work by the sheer force
! of example, and at the same lime ele
I vat? their country in the esteem of those
! around them. Bravo! for the old maids
; abroad, say 1.
1 It is theetistom in France. Alsace and
! Germany, to say that
the mature a;
girl puts
ap when she reaches
>f twenty-fH
Catherine"' is the exit:
vsHion. At
-five, therefore, she pn
is on the
cap an
d fas! eus it with a pin,
• il thirty
she ad
• : s a second pin to consi
>iidnte the
coin ur<
■. at thirty-five is plan
mI a third
ami th
•■n it is supposed that ti
le i ;na.t; * \■■
ad-dr ss is fixed on for
good. Fut
th. :-o
are very many who n<
•ver reach
this final stage, for during the first p
! iods of their ohl-tnaidhood, they deveh
% & ' '/V £ ' s
: V*
Wr 'KilT
¥• 7 //..
Ippp m
f /J*
" j Tv
so many sweet qualities that wise men
, prefer to try for these experienced, gen
j lie women as their companions for life
tjian the inexperienced and often insip
id girl nf eighteen. And it has been not
ed in tlie statistics of France that today
: many more women marry between the
j ages of twenty-five and thirty than
j formerly.
I In the different parts of the country
are to be found many quaint customs
! accompanying Saint Catherine's day. In
j some places, on the eve of the feast, all
the old maids of the locality gather
[ together in a regular Saint Catherine's
I party. Each dons a coiffure more or
less picturesque, some with a laudable
vanity, appear with the daintiest poufs
of lace and ribbon, others go in for the
humorous style and sport the most gi
gantic constructions of starched linen
and lace or embroidery that they can put
Again, and to my mind this Is the
prettiest idea of all, some organize a
reunion at which it is de rigueur to ap
pear in authentic peasant caps and no
two alike. In the most artistic irregu
larity are to be seen, hobnobbing togeth
er in the most friendly way, the high
caps of Normandy,the pretty broad loops
of the North Breton woman, and the
finely fluted coiffures of the Western
Breton girl. Again the soft, round frills
of Touraine and the picturesque scrap of
lace enclosed by broad bands of velvet of
the handsome and stately Arlesiennes,
and side by side we see the brilliant
handkerchiefs, so coquettishly arranged,
of the Southern woman, from Bordeaux
and its environs. Contrasting strongly
with all these modes we note the severe
wide bows of the Alsatian, always In
Few things can be prettier than such a
party, and few scenes brighter than that
of the mirth and merriment of these sin
gle blessed ones when they thus meet to
celebrate their good fortune. One of the
bright American girls of the Beaux-Arts
colony has proposed to celebrate the tri
umphal entrance of women folk into the
Temple of Art, that the bachelor mem
bers of their number should revive this
old French custom in their own circle.
The idea lias been received with great
enthusiasm, and now all the fair maid
ens are either busily evolving out of
their inner consciousness all sorts of
quaint headgear or searching in heavy
musty tombs for faithful copies of old
world fashion, and others again are
sending to all quarters for reproductions
of the cioffes of today. It is certain that
the result of (ills idea will be most uni
que and original. The dear old caps of
days that are no more, surrounding the
wideaw ake, intellectual faces of our girls
will form a piquant group of anachron
isms not easily to be equalled.
On the 24th of November, for in Catho
lic countries a feast is always celebrated
on its eve, the shop-windows of the pe
tite modistes are bright with much be
ribboned caps.
The fleuristes display their daintiest
bouquets, naturally of white flowers only
for no one at all careful as to etiquette
would make colored offerings to a
"demoiselle." Along the boulevards, the
bouquetières' stn.lls present a mass of
snowy blossoms, and on all sides the
name of Saint Catherine, written in
large characters, reminds the passersby
of their vielle fille friends or of Hie good
saint"s namesakes and tempts them to
the purchase of the necessary and wel
come bouquet.
This anniversary is also a good oppor
tunity of making pretty presents to
those of their friends who have crossed
the boundary line of twenty-five, pins of
all kinds and descriptions, from the
cheap Palais Royal article to the most
valuable jewel of ttie Rue de la Paix
serve on these occasions.
ton. of i
the New
a 'oharac
Of the 1rs
trying- to
the pi n el
That was a great crowd in Idaho m
• sc days and later," said Duley Bough
York Tribune, "there was 'Doc'
who was a very bright man and
•ter.' 'Doc,' who was a member
tnrougn a bill to regulate
of medicine in Idaho. The
Dill had a number of opponents, headed
by a minister whose name I forget, who
! in his turn, was trying to push through
;a bill to build a bridge across the Clear
water river. 'Doc' went to the minister
and told him that if he would support his
bill he in turn would vote for the minis
ter's. This was agreed to, but the min
ister, his conscience reproaching him.
kept proposing amendments to 'Doc's -
bill, and when it came up for a final
vote, opposed it. 'Doc's' bill passed, how
ever, and then the minister, catching the
speaker's eye. arose and said: 'Mr.
Speaker, I would like to ask a question
as to the privleges of a member and as
to whether the treatment accorded me
has been strictly within parliamentary
usage. Every time tny conscience has
J prompted me to offer an amendment to
the bill entitled "An Act to Regulate the
! Practice of Medicine Within the State of
j Idaho," the honorable member from Slio
shone county (meaning 'Doc') has whis
pered to me, "There goes another plank
of your Clearwater river bridge," and
when I opposed the final passage of his
bill he told me, sutto voice, "There goes
the last plank in your bridge, and you
can swim the Clearwater and be hanged
to you!" ' In spite of this, however, 'Doe'
succeeded in defeating the Clearwater
river bridge bill, although history does
not record whether or not the minister
had to swim the stream."
Many a man is censured as a selfish
husband when he is really hardly respon -
sible for his fault. There are women so
constituted that they spoil every living
thing within their province by over-in
dulgence. One of this type so over
whelms her husband by kindness that he
accepts his role of divinity as a matter
of course. Whereas, before marriage
Edwin waited upon Angelina, anticipat
ing her wishes with lover-like rapidity,
she now waits upon herself, and in a little
while the positions are totally reversed,
and Angelina waits on Edwin. Complete
self-effacement marks her status. The
daintiest morsel of the joint, the choicest
fruit, the most comfortable chair, and
the coziest corner of the room, eacli is
allotted to the spoilt husband, who ac
cepts all. He allows her to fetch and
' carry for him as he would a dog, often
i without a word of thanks equivalent to
the pat bestowed on the dumb animal.
Truly a spoilt husband this, and a spoilt
disposition in consequence, which exerts
a potent influence on those with whom it
is brought into contact during the routine
of daily life. This might have been other
wise had a little common sense and self
restraint on the part of Angelina led her
to exact her due share of respect and de
votion from Edwin.
A story of bungling and cruelty at a
bull light comes from Bordeaux. The
fight, in which the part of the toreadors
and matadors was performed by Spanish
gills, was witnessed by a large crowd.
There were six girls engaged, and they
all exhibited great pluck and daring in
throwing the banderillos and in evading
tile bulls, but when it came to giving the
death-stroke, they were not equal to the
occasion. Five bulls were slaughtered,
and three of the poor brutes were sub
jected to terrible suffering, owing to the
lack of strength and aureness of aim of
the girl handling the sword.
The Turkish woman is marriageable at
, the age of nine years, and by Turkish
! law at that age, if married, she is com
petent to manage her property and dis
; pose of one-third of her fortune. The law
allows her to abandon her husband's
' house for just cause, and will protect her
! in so doing. She cannot be compelled to
labor for the support of hew husband.
"Yes," said the bachelor reflectively, "I
offended her in some way, but I don't
really know how. You see, her baby was
fretful, and she explained that he had
b en cutting his teeth: whereupon I
asked her why she let him play with a
The queen of the Belgians was brought
up in her father's castle at Pesth amid
surroundings and t ustoms which remind
one of the feudal ages. At night her
father himself descended the great stair
case to lock the outer gate and the door
of the principal hall. This hall was
divided into two parts, one end be
raised a little above the other. At
elevated end of the daughters of
house sat at their needlework or paint
or music, while their attendants sat
the lower end of the hall.
Johannesburg is a boom town, but ur
like most cities of like character, it i
solidly and permanently built, many t
the residences being veritable palaces (
granite and marble, that would do cred
to any of our American cities.
Several members of the crew of
sugar-laden ship were afflicted wit
blindness in the moonlight and starligl
when in the tropics, though they coul
see quite clearly as soon as the sun rosi
They attributed it to the fumes from tli
The British government keeps It ves
sels at work sounding and charting the
ocean beds to find out where dangers
lurk. Last year 10,000 square miles were
carefully charted in different parts of
the world—Asia, Africa and the Soutlk
In some , towns of Germany the tele
phone Is Introduced by tobacconists as
nn additional attraction to customers.
Any one who buys a cigar may, If he de
sires, speak over the tobacconist's in

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