DAILY INTER MOUNTAIN
Issued Every Evening Except Sunday.
INTER MOUNTAIN PUBLISHING COMPANY
T RADE S j, Awr. I COUNCIL 3 2
Address all Mail to Inter Mountain Publishing Company.
M. A. BERGER, Manager.
26 West Granite Street. Butte City, Montana
Year by Mall, in Advance $7.50 By Carrier, per Month . 75c.
WEDNESDAY. MAY 1, 1901.
MOtfTA/tA'S SHA 'RE OF VICTOK.y.
/»^O-PAY DEMOCRATIC editors are thrashing over
M the old straw of imperialism and revamping cam
paign arguments to suit the exigencies of biased
editorial discussion. It is the anniversary of the battle of
Manila Day and critics of the administration are in fine
feather. The public will read a rehash of democratic ar
guments to-day and the policy of detraction will be in
Looking back to the day upon which Dewey won the
signal victory over the Spanish rleet is a pleasure for those
accustomed to indulging in feelings of national pride. There
have been few victories in history that aroused such en
thusiasm as the American people felt when the news was
received. Montana troops were mustering then and the
temper of the state was well suited for rejoicing over feats
of arms. To say that the state went wild is to describe in
fair terms the condition of the public mind on the eve
ning the news came. In every town in Montana the tid
ings were received with rejoicing. Tt was a celebration,
too, in which all joined.
Since that day Montana troops have landed in the
bay where the hulks of the Spanish ships are lying. Sons
of the state are buried in Luzon's sands. The volunteers
have returned from the campaign in the Philippines, and
are occupying conspicuous places in civil life. A full
share of the honor that followed the great victory in Ma
nila Day belongs to the Treasure State. Democratic critics
may bewail until their melancho'y souls graciously op
pressed; its with satisfaction that Montana men look back
to Dewey's victory and they rejoice that the policy pur
sued since that time has brought fourth such good fruit.
COJtCE'RfflSJG LADOD. THOVDLES.
r O-DAY IS the time set by the dwellers in regions
remote from Butte for the beginning of labor
troubles in this city. For weeks the air has been
foil of rumors of strikes. Special dispatches to eastern
papers apprised residents of other states of conditions
existing only in the imagination of those who conjured
up the tales. Even in the city of Butte there were many
vho talked of labor troubles and predicted that a crisis
would be reached to-day. It is a pleasing commentary upon
the stability of the city's» resources that the mining com
panies and their employes did nothing to give these ru
mors to the air. The source of all the apprehension was
outside of the councils of labor and apart from any of the
policies pursued by the corporations. The basis for the
misleading reports sent out from Butte had nothing sub
stantial about it. Nevertheless they were accepted as the
truth in other parts of the state and the country papers,—
reflecting the state of the public mind—mentioned May
1 as the day when the storm would break.
Yesterday the Inter Mountain published an author
fative statement from one of the labor leaders, settling
for good the doubts that had arisen in the public mind. It
swept away the cloud that had settled in many quarters
and let in light upon matters respecting which there had
been very grave misgivings. To tell the truth the feeling
of uneasiness felt outside of Butte was shared by a con
siderable proportion of the population of the city. Mer
chants complained that customers were laying by their
funds for the dark time that the first of May would usher
in. Solicitors who went out among the residents of the
town were told that the beginning of this montai would
bring a condition t.hat would cause purchases to fall off,
and a period of rigid economy would come. Many degls
were made contingent upon the state of the labor market
at the begining of this month. In fact the insignificant
mole-hill of distrust was magnified into a formidable moun
tain and there were few lines of business whose managers
did not give thought to the possibilities contained in the
adjustment of labor quer, fions to-dav.
It appears to he a far cry from mythical labor troubles
to the real thing. To-day there is not a cloud on the labor
horizon in Butte that need cause any one serious uneasiness.
It. is safe to say that the panicky feeling of the past few
weeks, will serve a good purpose. It will prevent a repeti
tion of nedlcss alarms and more striking proof than rumors
afford will be required to support further predictions of
labor troubles in Butte. There can he but little doubt that
labor troubles h re will always remain the same unsub
stantial creations of gosr.'p that the past month has pro
duced. The members of the councils or organized labor
are prudent, thoughtful and considerate men. They are
not given to dealing out to others the unfairness they
decry and condemn wherever it is exhibited. Then, too,
the employers of labor have been fair and generous at all
times. There lias been nothing lacking on either s,:de.
When next there is a report spread abroad that Butte
Is trembling on the verge of a crisis in labor circles, it will
be well for those who comment upon the situation to take
note of the character of the men who are in control on
both sides of the questions that make up the labor problem
here. Butte has seen all the labor trouble it will ever see,
unless conditions change radically from what they are
THEHE'S A ST'RIJVG TO IT.
/ X THE LAST i .sue of the Commoner Mr. Bryan makes
the announcement that he is not planning for another
presidential nomination. He further remarks, by way
©f casting an anchor to windward, that if he ever becomes
a candidate again it will he because it seems necessary
for the advancement of the principles to which he adheres.
It is plain, notwithstanding his announcement,
Ihe is not planning for another nomination, that Mr. Bryan Is
*mt ready to step down and out and admit that he is no
longer suitable timber out of which to make a presidential
romir.ee. lie makes his retirement from the business of
running for office condition upon the necessities of his, party.
If he perceives that democracy needs a leader who pos
e-sses all the qualifications that have been demanded by
the party in the past he is ready to step into the ring for
another go. He clincher, his announcement with a signi
ficant paragraph, in which he says that "no matter what
• man may have said or done for the ticket in 1890 or 1900,
that man becomes an opponent the moment he turns
•gainst democratic principles."
It is plain to be seen that if Mr. Bryan is not plan
ning for another nomination he is planning to make it hot
for whoever acpires to that position in the, guise of a demo
crat of tile old school. The convention which nominates
a presidential candidate expecting Mr. Bryan's support will
have to name a democrat who is In accord with Bryan In
all political matters or Bryan will regard him as an enemy.
It is a sort of a dog-in-the-manger position that the edi
tor of the Commoner occupies. He doesai't want the nom
ination himself, he says, but he Is particular to state that
nobody shall have it who is not tarred with the same dem
ocratic stick with which he has been daubed. All things
considered it would be just a-<* well for the democratic party
to nominate Bryan as to select a man of whose candidacy
Bryan would approve. In either event democracy would
be committed to the same policy that has proved so dls
asterous during the past two campaigns. In view of
Bryan's declaration there is nothing for his party to do but
nominate hiqt once more or throw hint overboard and turn
to more rational methods of party government. Bryan
is the worst stumbling block democracy has ever encount
ered. and even now he cannot decline a re-nomination with
out attaching a string to his announcement.
LEGISLATIVE DIS A D VA JV TA GES'
r i 1E ILLINOIS legislature has been called upon to
deal with a problem that finds its origin in the
growing importance of Cook county, the division of
the state in which the city of Chicago in situated. During
the present session of the legislature the time of the leg
islators has been largely taken up by bills designed to give
special relief to the city of Chicago and adjust the state
government to the conditions that have come to the me
tropolis as a result of its increased population. Hills hav
ing local application to the city of Chicago have been in
troduced into the legislature until the work of committees
has become greatly increased. To prevent this the state
government is asked to provide the city with a more liberal
charter and allow the legi Nation to be done at home.
It lias not been many years since the egislature of Il
linois was asked to grant Cook county a charter so liberal
in its provisions that the county became, in effect, a state
within a state. This plan has been abandoned and appeals
to congress for similar relief have been discontinued. Tue
residents of the city of Chicago have appealed to the state
government for a general revision of the state consti
tution. The changes asked for would effect other cities, in
the state, and prudent lawmakers are afraid to open the
way for a general overhauling of the constitution. Before
the legislature adjourns it is altogether likely that some
means will be devised to afford relief for the municipal
ills of Chicago. Either a new constitutional convention
will be provided for or an amendment to the present con
stitution passed, granting the city by the lake more liber
ties and releasing the stale legislature from the burdens the
present condition imposes.
In the peculiar situation in which the state of Illinois is
placed other states may find profitable examples. The blame
attaches to the members of former legislatures who have
carried out unwise plans and enacted laws unmindful of the
results that would follow the operation. In the state
of Montana there has been much legislation of a hap
hazard character. The foundation has Veen laid for
complications and annoyances, that will vex law
makers for future sessions. It has been shown repeated'y
that a legislature composed of men whore experience fitted
them for enacting legislation of a particular character
6ot along all right as long as they stuck to the lines with
which they were familiar. But when they
attempt to legislate concerning matters of which
they are uninformed that make a sorry mess of it.
The work of the last legislature of Montana abundantly
proves this. While the members directed their attention to
the bills in which the majority had a deep concern, they
did very well, but the results of their efforts to frame laws
which, to them appeared to be of subordinate importance,
were unfortunate. The bad government of the city of
Chicago has been attributed, and perhaps rightly at
tributed, to the fact that the legislation affecting a large
part of the city's affairs is enacted by lawmakers who are
careless of the interests with which they are dealing. It is,
always well to turn legislative matters over to tho?,5 who
have either a broad understanding of the interests of the
state, or to those directly effected by the laws proposed.
It is very probable that Chicago will obtain the relief asked
for and has gone to the state capital for the last time fur its
HE'S WELCOME HOME.
r O-DAY MINISTER CONGER is at hin home in Iowa,
and the good people of his home state have given
over the day to honoring their fellow citizen, who
became conspicuous in one of the most perilous situations
In which a representative of the United» States government
has ever been placed. The people of the state of Iowa do
well to honor Minister Conger. He has» performed his duties
with credit and distinction and conducted himself well in
trying situations. It is true the democratic press has soured
ot. him. That is to be expected. He denied the sensational
stories, concerning the conduct of our troops in Pekin and
spoke in terms of praise of the men who wore United
States uniforms in the army that marched to the aid of
the imprisoned legations. He has done no service to the
enemies of the administration; on the contrary, he has,
by his prudent and patriotic courra, done much to heighten
the good impression made abroad by representatives of the
United States since the trouble with China began.
The democratic press is emphatic in the statement that
Minister Conger talks too much. This is, one of the rare
occasions when a tendency to loquacity is displeasing to
democrats. Ordinarily, it is suspected, democratic news
papers prefer a man who is a talker. He must talk against
the administration, however, and furnish ammunition for
those who are firing in the rear of the men who face peril
ous situations when dealing with international troubles.
All that is required to cause a representative of this county
to become immensely popular with democracy, is the dis
position to criticize the administration. Herein lies the
distinction between such men as Minister Conger and Web
ster Davis. Had Conger returned loaded with abuse of
the administration and ready to fire off criticism by the
hour, he would be received by democracy with open arms.
He comes a reasonable, prudent, patriotic man, devoted,to
his country's best interests and proud of its good name.
Such a man has never been appreciated by democracy.
BITS or WIT.
She—Do you remember the first quarrel you had With
"What was it about?"
"Oh. about a kiss." 7
"But doesn't she like kissing?"
"Why. then, did she object?"
"I was kissing another woman."—Puck.
"Well,' said he, anxious to patch up their quarrel of
yesterday, "aren't you curious to know what's in this
"Not very," "his wife, still unrelenting, replied indiffer
"It's something for the one I love best In all the world."
"Ah. I suppose it's those suspenders you said you
BRIGHT IDEAS OF
The Injunction Craze.
If there is anything that a judge won't
enjoin these days It remains to be speci
fied. We have had injunctions against
pretty much every conceivable human
action, and now a jurist comes to the
front, just recently, with an edict for
hkldiing a young woman to marry a cer
tain young man whose father objects to
the act. The Injunction craze is some
times ludicrous, but it is likewise seri
ous. An extraordiary writ—a process
that \vas a few years ago so rarely
Issued that it was almost unknown—is
today issued with the same facility a»
an ordinary summons. Anyone can get
an injunction against anyone else, for
bidding him from doing almost anything
that can be thought of. The abuse !•<
breeding trouble just as surely as any
■other interference with the liberty of the
citizen breeds trouble.—Forsythe Times.
Business Hen Organize.
It will be seen elsewhere in this issue
an organization has been effected which
will be known as the Fergus County
Business Men's association, the imme
diate object of which is to advertise the
mining districts ot' the county. It wilt
be observed the name of the association
is broad enough to include every man
within the limits of the county who is
interested in developing our mining in
dustry and is willing to give a little
financial aid in that direction.—Fergus
Major Monteath, agent at the Black
feet reservation, lias been in Helena,
where he consulted with United States
District Attorny Rodgers relative to a
suit the Conrad National bank of Kalis
pell has instituted against Levi J. Bum.
a half-blood Indian and former resident
of Choteau, now living on the reserva.
tion, by which the bank seeks to seizj>
some cuttle of Burd's for debt. The
agent lias instructions from the depart
ment to prevent the cattle from being
removed from the reservation, and the
United States attorney will take the
proper steps in the courts. Levii is well
known in Choteau, having been born or.
a ranch adjoining the town, and is a
son of Samuel Burd, deceased. He has
always exercised the rights of citizen,
ship, and since attaining his majority
has voted at the various elections, and
is quite a leader in democratic politics
in his particular section of the county.
This case against him will be watched
with considerable interest, as it will
probable s ttle for alt time the question
as to whether a haf-breed can claim ana
exercise al the rights of American citi
zenship and at the same time be a ward
of the government.—Teton Chronicle.
PORTO RICO'S FAKE FAMINE.
The man who had traveled much in the
t:op:cs looked bored when the conversa
tion drifted tu the condition in Porto
Rico, and when the impressionable mem- ;
ber of the party began to rave eloquently
of the horrors of starvation in the island
th- 1 man from the land of the palm feit
constrained to take the bridge for a time
and s-t the course of the conversation. I
' The inclination of the sensational
press to won y i ts readers with skilfully j
concocted 'honor stories' is the worst '
feature of that class of journalism," he
remarked. "When Weyler was starving
to death the re: oncentrados in Cuba, they !
paid little attention to the conditions er» 1
is ting in the island until after over a hun
dred thousand of the population of tnat ;
fertile bit of land had laid their atten- -
tuated frames upon the ground for the
last sleep. Then they became enthusias
tic, and really accomplished something.
There was occasion for a display of in- j
dignation in that case. But this Porto (
Rican affair is different.
"In Cuba thousands of human beingc j
were frequently crowded within the con- ,
dines of a barbed wire inclosed circle of
dess than a mile in extent and were not :
permitted to go outside these bounds. Of
course many starved to death. In Porto
Rica the case is different. It is now two
years since the great cyclone, and an>
statement that the people of that little
square of concentrated fertility are
starving is rank nonsense.
"You folks in this country cannot un
derstand how little it takes to keep from
starvation a man of the tropics. It Is
true the people of Porto Rico have been
spoiled by the wholesale distribution of
"indigent rations," but those who want
food can get it easily enough. Starvation
is a thing unknown in the tropics.
There a plot of ground a quarter of an
acre in extent will support a family of
large size in riotous elegance. It is true
these folk see little money, but they do
not need it. When they have money they
use it principally for gambling, betting
on cockfights and purchasing lottery or
Chinese policy slips. Squatter sover
eignty prevails everywhere, and it is easy
for a man to cut out a square of land
large enough to support himself and fam
ily. It is true he may have to go to the
hills to obtain it, and therein lies the
trouble. The average Porto Rican is as
averse to locating away from the proxi
mity of the large towns as is a Broadway
soubrette. He would rather lie around
the streets and beg than go out into the
hills and cultivate his little patch of land
The liberal giving of alms also has taken
away his independence and self-reliance
and he seems to think that under the new
order of things he has but to ask this
government for food In order to obtain it.
"Great stress is laid upon the fact that
many of the men of Porto Rico are be
ing paid only 35 cents a day. Of course
to a man in New York this would mean
starvation, but in Porto Rico a man can
suppôt t a family on this sum without
seeing the grinning snout of the wolf
pushing through the crevices of his dooi.
"If he cares to go out into the hills
he can get along without difficulty. The
Porto Rican can build a house in a day
without a cent of expense, using the
leaves and 'yaguas,' or bark of the palm
tree. It is as good a house as he needs
and the sort that many farmers live in
that have money enough to procure
much better. A single banana plant will
keep starvation off a long time, and if he
have a half dozen of these around his
place there is no reason why he should
starve, oniatos, the big yellow potatoes
of the tropics, will reach a fair eating size
in less than two months, and the yams,
yampis and yuccas grow fully as rapidly.
"In fact, in the fertile island nature ts
so prodigal that this cry of starvation
You Are Cordially Invited to Attend
WEDNESDAY, MAY 1st.
On which occasion to every purchaser we shall present a
BEAUTIFUL CALLA LILLY
We shall display all the latest things. In Fancy Leather Goods
Burses, chatelaine bags, music rolls, golf tags, traveling sets, etc.
In Fine Cutlery, Scissors, all sizes and shapes; pocket knlve*
for ladies and gentle- men; manicure sets, etc.
In Fine Perfumes
We are noted for carrying t he finest extracts made, and in great
In Art Goods, Pictures, busts, statuettes, etc. Fine Stmps _
If you enjoy fine toilet soaps, be sure to see our line of these goods.
NEWBRO DRUG CO.
is all tommyrot. There was never nny
starvation in Porto Rico under Spun 1st»
rule, and there is none today. Of
course impressionable newspaper corre
spondents can work themselves up to the
pitch of believing such stories, but when
flaming red headlines announce that
there is a famine in Porto Rico greater
than that which swept off the population
of India a few years ago. you need not
work yourself up to a state of nervous
prostration in consequence. There is
less of actual starvation in Porto Rico
today than thçre is in any single ward
in this town you can mention."
Then the sensitive man who had been
unnecessarily worrying ordered the
next drink, and the conversation veered
again —New York Telegraph.
TWO OLD GRAVES OF BITTE PiONEERS.
Between Silver and Porphyry streets a
short distance east of Missoula gulch in
the western part of the city there is a
little grave yard which contains the
bodies of probably half a dozen men who
figured in the early history of Butte. It
is not kit >wn just how many bodies
there are or how many there were for
the ravages of time have obliterated the
marks of all save two graves. One of
these contains the body of John Gill and
the » ther Uriah Kirsher, both of whom
died in the early sixties. That they had
friends or relatives is evidenced by Ute
fact that each grave is surrounded by a
wooden ene'.o.-ure which is fast going to
decay. At the head of the Gill grave is a
board that once contained the name, date
of birth and death of the occupant be
neath. but the letters and figures have
become so indistinct tht it is difficult to
decipher even any portion of the insertp
ti ,rl . Th»' figures "1S63" and the word
"John," indicating the time of death and
the li st name of the dead «nan are about
ail that can be made out.
Kirsher's grave is surrounded by a
paling fence within which stands a large
wooden cross that must have been placed
there years after Kirsher passed into the
great unknown. The base of the cross
has decayed to such an extent that it is
no 1 onger held in place by the earth—it
simply stands against the west end of
the enclosure. It, too, once bore an ap
propriate inscription of which only the
Recently a little shed has been built
between the two graves, and it is only a
question of time when the two enclosures
will fall before the elements or some
thing else and the exact resting places of
the bodies within them will be then lost
It is said there are other bodies close
to those of Kirsher and Gill, but if such
is the case all trace of the graves has
been obliterated. A few years ago three
or four here exhumed and transferred to
the cemeteries on the flat, but those who
did the work had no interest in the re
ma'ning ones. Probably some day dwell
ing houses will be erected on the old
burying ground, but the occupants will
never know that the foundations of the
structures are resting on the bones of
men who gave the infant Butte its first
intimation of future greatness.
IN THE HOTEL LOBBIES.
A prince among princes in the person
of George J. Schoeffel left Butte yester
day to return to his home in New York
city. Mr. Schoeffel had been a guest at
the McDermott for one week. He came
to Butte to recuperate a greatly im
paired health and to look out for busi
ness interests. Those who came in cont
tact with him are glad to know that he
was successful in both quests and they
are sorry to lose such a gentleman from
Too much could not be said for Mr.
Schoeffel. It would be useless to at
tempt to pay him tribute in words, as
words could not adequately describe the
man and his many charming attributes.
Suffice it to say that his many sterling
qualities made him everywhere wel
come and by everybody loved.
It might be added that Mr. Cchosifel
is a brother of the well known thealii
cal manager, formerly a member of the
Abbey, Schoeffel and Grau, combination.
He has been a club man all his life
and what he does not know about good
stories is not worth knowing.
One of the best stories told by the
genial prince of good fellows while in
Butte was on "Dad" Clarke for years
famous as a star pitcher of the New
York giants. The story as told in Mr.
Schoeffel's language is as follows:
"I met 'Dad' In New York one day
and the original cuss was down in the
mouth. An unusual thing for 'Dad'
too. I asked him what was up and he
replied that he was against it hard. I
asked against what? and was told that
finances were not working well with the
twlrler. I suggested a remedy for the
"I told Dad that I was In. on a good
stock deal that was sure to pan out and
stated that if the ball tosser wanted to
make a little sure money I would show
him the way. I added that it was a
good way to relieve the stringency in
the money market of which Clark com
" 'Dad' eyed me so qulslcally that I be
came convinced he did not catch my
meaning. I supposed it was possible he
did not understand the ways of the
stock market so I ventured to ask 'did
you ever play the stock market?'
'•you should have seen the look of su
preme disgust that o'er spread the
countenance of the fellow as he said
disgustedly: 'Did I ever play the stock
market eht Well let me tell you I did
once and that was enough for me.
From this time on, see, I alnt never
Being to play no game, where you give
a man your money, and then he goes in
a little room, and sticks his head out
the window, and says you lose. If it
wasn't for the stock market I wouldn't
be broke now.' "
Mr. Schoeffel tells several other sto
nes but omits one on himself. If any
one wants at any time to see George
Schoeffel make "Goo-goo" eyes he only
needs to say "Geogre how many legs
ees got a lobster." George will call
quits and buy for the crowd.
YOUNG ACTOR WANTS DIVORCE.
Stanford Wanted to Go To England,
But His Wife Objected, and They
Arthur Stanford, a young actor has
established a precedent. He wants a di
vorce from his wife, who is just twice
his age, because she wished to do too
much for him.
Mrs. Stanford was the widow of Senor
Lopez, a wealthy Texan, and soon after
she married Stanford an engagement
was offered him in England. His wife
objected to his accepting it, saying she
would give him a company of his own.
They promptly quarrelled and now
Stanford has gone to Philadelphia to ar
range divorce proceedings. He has been
with the Marie Dressier company this
That the art of cooking ranks high In
the estimation of British army officials
is shown by the recent grant of $2,500
to the widow of the late staff sergeant
major, Thompson, in recognition of the
valuable services rendered by her hus
band, who was for many years chief
Instructor of the army school of cooking
5 The Wedding ff
In ail countries Is a plain band,:
sometimes flat, but commonly I
half-round. English rings are j
often made as fine as 22k. That!
we think Is too fine, for the '
rings wear away rapidly. We :
find that 18k Is the most satis- ;
factory quality, keeps a good ]
polish, has a good color, and, It '
bought of fair weight, lasts
long time. We have them as low :
as $4.50 and as high as $15. We ]
engrave them free of charge.
May relieve that dull tired feel
ig that comes over your eyes In
the afternoon. We will make an
examination of your eyes without
charge and tell you if glasses will
I f VC Jeweler...
LL I u and Optician»
CWSLEY BLOC A
"A barber to take care
of the head of naviga
A chance to use a su
perior quality of stri
ped paint in making
the latest style, up to
date barbers' poles.
No. 14 West Broadway
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