BUTTE—Tonight: Partly cloudy, colder
Tomorrow: Partly cloudy, oolder.
VOL. 5. NO. 85.
Œïje ^utte Haüp
MONTANA—Partly cloudy tonight and
Tuesday, cooler tonight east of divide and
cant portion Tuesday. _
BUTTE MONTANA. MONDAY. APRIL 9. 1917
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
AUSTRIA BREAKS OFF DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH AMERICA
Baron Zwieih. k. Austrian Charge Here. Demands His Passports ot State Dept.
WITH CHIEF ALLY OF
Elaborate Diplomatic Arrangements Must
Again Be Readjusted. Spain Will Repre
sent American Interests and Sweden
Act for Austria.
Washington, April 9.—Austria-Hungary« under the
pressure of Germany, has severed diplomatic relations
with the United States. Baron Erich Zwiedinek, charge
d'affaires of the Austro-Hungarian embassy here, called
at the state department today and asked for passports for
himself and the embassy staff. Almost at the same time
a dispatch was received from American Minister Stovall
at Herne saying the dual monarchy had broken off diplo
matic relations with the United States in Vienna yester
day. It is presumed this was done by handing passports
to American Charge Grew. American Ambassador Pen
field. who had left Vienna on Saturday, probably did not
know of the government's action. By pre-arrangement
Spain will take over the diplomatic and consular interests
of the United States in Austria-Hungary. All Austrian
consular agents will depart from the United States with
the diplomatic mission, as w as the case with Germany.
Up to the time Charge Zwiedinek
askud for hit* passport« no similar ac
tion had been taken by Bulgaria and
Türkei Germany's two other allies—
and ihrepresentatives here disclaim i
having any knowledge of the Intention
of their government. It is expected
bare they will follow by breaking dip
May Declare State of War.
Austria's break with the United
States undoubtedly is the prelude to
a declaration of a state of war. Slxty
two days elapsed between the break In
relations between the United States
and Germany and the formal declara
tion of a state of war. It Is quite pos
ilble. however, that there may not be
warlike operations between the forces
•f the two governments unless Ger
many carrying further her domination
of the Vienna government should
Turning Over the Work.
Charge Grew at Vienna also will turn
over to Spain British and Japanese in
terests which the country' bas looked
after since the beginning of the war.
Italian, French and Rumanian inter
ests In Austria-Hungary previously
looked after by the United States were
•rdered turned over to the Swiss min
American ambassadors, ministers
Ind consular officials in France, Great
Britain, Russia, Siberia, Japan. Greece,
Rorocco and Egypt will stand ready to
turn over Austrian Interests which the
united States has represented in those
tountrles since the beginning of the
* ar to whatever nation the Austrian
foreign office shall indicate.
Care of War Prisoners.
The United States by the break in
Mations is released of the care of
Probably 2.000,000 war prisoners. In
0 ftft SSia ulone estimated that 1,250,
0 Austrian prisoners were under
American protection with a conslder
J '| e nu, »her in France also. In Aus*
fa the United States had cared for
J* the Lallan and Rumanian prisoners.
. her a, nall group* are thought to
nng the total well up to 2,000,000.
About 200 native Americans are
wnü Kht t0 ,Je ln Austr * a an< * Hungary.
b perhupg anothef 1,800 naturalized
m»tro-American*, most of whom may
v, ® r t0 "tay in the country of their
cm' Officials here fxpect no dlfll
in a " t0 * ,e p,ace<J before American*
i»r»k U8tlIa an< * that all the American
Ie assy of ficlals will be permitted to
knee Wlt,l0ut restraint or inconven
Aust rla has In this country about 50
pTRICT FEDERAL POWER
w election fraud gases
Ä"« 0 "' AprU »—Federal au
•tata .,.°.. Pr " secut ® fraud» in general
Mortal „ V 0 "* and United State# sen
"trlcted , r marle * were materially re
day. }y Ru Prenne court decision to
ru Mlon 'I indll ,m enti for alleged cor
Inland cftmT SPIraeles " ln 1914 >" Rhode
»16 seim. Kr f SSlonal el * ctlon » and the
Ulnla Primary In Wo.t Vir
*Ue 4 , h , »mtsaed. The court da
*° v *fnmen. r'®* a " d not th * fe d ® r *'
1 are authorized to act.
Teuton Positions Penetrated on
Ten-Mile Stretch, From
Arras to Lens.
ATTACKS OPEN THE
Military Operations of Still
Greater Importance Are
London, April 9.—The British early
this morning attacked the German
wide front from a point
.outh of Arra. to th. .outh of Lena. I
thu. opening what i. believed her. to
be a general spring offensive. The
move has been looked forwsrd to
eagerly for some days. The offensive
of the British flying corps in the lat
ter part of the last week, the attaok on
Zeebrugge Saturday night and the
aotivity of the French in Belgium, as
shown in yesterday's official state
ment from Paris, were considered a
prelude to important military opera
The British commander, General
Haig, whose reports are always mod
erate, says the German line has been
broken everywhere and that progress
wa* made ln the direction of Cam
brai. The extension of the attack
northward to Lena doubtless was in
tended to give the British more elbow
room for their operations from Arras
to the point of Juncture with the
French around St. Quentin.
Referring to the attack on the front
between Arras and Lens, the state
"We are making satisfactory prog
ress at all points."
The statement, which is timed 11:-5
a. m., is as follows:
"We attacked at 5:30 o'clock this
morning on a wide front from south
of Arras to south of Lens. Our troop«
have everywhere penetrated the
enemy's lines and are making satisfac
tory progress at all points.
"In the direction of Cambrai we
stormed the villages of Hermies and
Boursies and have penetrated Into
"In the direction of St, Quentin we
captured Fresnoy 1-« Petit and ad
vanced our lines southeast of Be
Verguler. . . _
"No estimate of the prisoners taken
can yet be given but considerable
numbers are reported captured.
A TEN-MILE FRONT.
iContlnued on Page Six.)
TOO PROUD TO FIGHT, EH?
Liner St. Louis, Dtdgmg Mines,Was
m Center of Sea of. Sinking Skips
DETECTIVES BRING DOWN
FINLEN HOTEL HOLDUPS
AS THEY RUN WITH L00
Joe Barry, 20-Year-0ld Butte Boy, Fatally Wounded and Ed
Norton, Salt Lake Bandit, Has Leg Shattered With Bullet as
Climax to Daring Robbery. Ail But $20 of the Stolen Money
Recovered. Crowd Makes Away With Package of Silver and
One of Highwaymen's Guns.
Caught in the cross-fire of five city detectives as they emerged from
the side door of the Finlen hotel with $1,000 in currency and coin,
loot of one of the most daring holdups ever perpetrated in Butte, Joe
"Fudge" Barry, a 20-year-old Butte boy, was probably fatally wound
I cd, and Ed Norton, alias "Speedy," a Salt Lake bandit, received a
bullet wound in the leg at 12:50 o'clock this morning. Both of the
holdups are prisoners in the detention room at the Emergency hos
pital and all but about $20 of the stolen money has been recovered.
An operation was performed on Barry, whose kidney and intestines
were punctured by a bullet from one of the officers' guns, at an early
hour this morning, but his chances of recovery are slight.
The bones of the lower part of Nor
ton's leg are so badly shattered that
amputation Is Imperative If his life
is to be savpd. The man declared
this morning that he ''will go with the
leg," indicating that he will resist am
putation and would accept death from
blood poisoning Instead.
Line Up Patrons.
It was Just after the cabaret had
been closed for the night and the late
diners. Bave for a few ln the cafe, had
left the hotel that Barry and Norton
essayed the holdup. Six men, Includ
ing Night Clerk Thomas Colton., were
in the hotel office at the time, and It
was the quick work of "Curly" Darrah,
who was ln the telephone booth when
the holdups entered, in summoning the
police that led to their apprehension.
J W Welch, cigar counter attend
ant. and Night Clerk Colton were
totalling restaurant checks of the day
in the enclosure behind the desk when
Barry entered through the front door.
When they looked up Barry had Otto
Mengell, Julius Carolina, John Flem
ing and A1 Burke covered with n
wicked-looking Luger revolver.
Darrah Through Window.
Aa Colton started through the gate
from the enclosure. Norton entered
from a hallway leading to the side
door, gun in hand, and covered him.
All «1* were driven behind the en
closure about the desk and forced to
lie on the floor. About this time
Adolph Sperka. a waiter from the cafe,
entered the office with a check and
the money ln payment for It from the
last party ln the cafe. Norton quickly
(Continued on Page Eleven.!
NIHON IS ENTERING
UPON 10 WITH
RESERVE OF F(
Unfavorable Season Would
Bring Greatest Shortage
Since Civil War.
St. Louis, April 9.—"Ws are
sntaring upon on» of the greatest
wars without a raserva of food,"
declared Henry J. Waters, presi
dent of tho Kaneae State Agricul
ture college, before the conference
here today called by Secretary
Houston of th» United Statee de
partment of agriculture to consider
tho food situation of tho nation.
"This country's visible supply of
food," ho continued, "will bo con
sumed before another harvest.
Should ws have an unfavorable
season tho United States would
face the greatest food shortage
since tho Civil war.
"The problem of supporting two
million soldiers soon will confront
us. Ws must feed our own people
at home while they produoe muni
tions and equipment and we also
must assist in supplying our allies
Inoreaeed gardening, rapid ax
tsnsion of community canning clubs
and anoouragamant of potato aors
aga were among tho conservative
measure* advocated by Proaidant
FIRQT ARMFIl <5HIP
if q qS jo p
T™I\lj HUUNlI I HIP
Officers Believe German Sub
marines Were Lying in
Wait for Her.
MISSED MINE 20 FEET
ON ENTERI NG HARBOR
Stopped in Danger Zone as
"S. 0. S." Calls Came
From All Sides.
New York, April 9.— Running safely
through the dangers of the German
submarine blockade of Great Britain
and without sighting a periscope eith
er on the outward or homeward jour
ney, the American mail and passenger
liner St. Louis, arrived at her home
dock today. The St. Louis was the
first American passenger boat to be
armed end travel through the danger
zone around the British Isles since
Germany's declaration of Jan. 31, and
she was wall armad for the trip.
The homeward voyage was a stormy
one. One hundred miles off the coast
of Ireland a sale threatened the de
struction of the lifeboats which had
been partly lowered and it became
necessary to lle-to for two hours while
they were made secure. This was an
anxious time as the stop was made ln
the path of German submarines re
turning to their home base.
Now that the American ship has
completed her memorable voyage, it is
possible to tell how good luck probably
saved her from destruction.
They Were After Her.
There appears no room for doubt
that the German admiralty knew of
(Continued on Page Sixteen.)
RINK OF BRIGADIER
Washington, April 9.—The rank of
brigadier general in the regular army
of the United States is abolished by a
provision of the army appropriation
bill taken up today by the senate. All
general officer* after its enactment
would have no less rank than that of
IN T'A'8 HOUSES
Plan Adopted During Civil War
is Recommended in
IS OFFERED TODAY
Purpose is to Keep Expendi
ture and Plans of U. S. j
Washington, April 9.—A joint reso
lutlon for a congressional "joint com
mtttee on the conduct of the war" was
Introduced simultaneously today by
Senator Weeks of Massachusetts and
"~"r ve 5 i" dden °f, IIU " oi , H '
both republicans. The committee would
be composed of six members of the ;
senate, including four democrats and
two republicans, six from the house.
evenly divided between republicans and
The resolution provides that the 1
ommittee shall he known as the joint
committee on the conduct of the war
and "shall sit during the sessions or
recesses of congress, shall make a spe
cial duty of the problems arising out
of the war. shall confer and advise
ith the president of the United States j
and heads of various executive* depart
ments and shall report to congress
from time to time in its own discretion
or when requested to do so by either
branch of congress."
The committee would be clothed with
the widest powers of lnvest'gatlon,
compelling testimonials under oath.
In the senate the resolution for a
(Continued on Tage Sixteen./
STATESMAN OF •
Richard Olney, Who Won Re
nown in Famous Contro
versy, Passes Away.
Boston, April 9.—Richard Olney, sec
retary of state under President Grover
Cleveland, died at his iimie here last
fr. Olney, who was 82 years old.
had been ill several weeks, although j
was not until yesterday that his
condition became serious. In an an
nouncement issued by the family to
day it was stated that he died sud
denly at 8:45 o'clock last night. Mrs.;
Olney and their daughter, Mrs. George
R. Minot of this city, were with him
at the end. Mr. Olney'* other daugh
ter, Mrs. C. H. Abbott, is residing tem
porarily in Paris.
Recently, while unable to leave his
bed, Mr. Olney had displayed very
deep interest in the international sit
uation. It was said that he warmly
commended the action of the govern
ment when members of his family in
formed him on Friday that President
Wilson had signed a proclamation of
Statesman of Ability.
Richard Olney served successively
as attorney general and secretary of
state during the administration
President Cleveland, and although at
(Continued on 1***0 Eleven.)
FIRST ANTI-GERMAN ATTACK
MADE ON BISMARCK SALOON
Brick Heaved Through Plate
Glass Window at 5 o'clock
This Morning Causes $100
Damage. Police After the
The first anti-German demonstra
tion in Butte since the declaration of
war came this morning at 5 o'clock
when someone heaved a brick through
the plate glass window of the Bis
marck saloon on West Granite street.
The damage is estimated at $100.
Peter Barrenstein, the proprietor of
the place, believes he knows who
threw the brick, and he has informed
the police of his suspicion*.
Ernest Gradisher. the porter at the
saloon, was In the rear of the place
swamping when he heard the crash.
FOB WAR HOMES
IIP THIS WEEK
Bond Measures Will Probably
Go Before House on
THRE c E nD a ™
FOR A LOAN TO ALLIES
. ...... .
In Addition $1.750.000 is to
Be Raised by Taxation
fQp fhp Armw
Washington, April 9. __ A de
cision to introduce the $5,000,000,
nnn , . . —
nonu issue measure on Thurs
day in the house was reached to
day by Secretary McAdoo and
. • r ' „ ....
Representative Ramey of Illinois.
ranking democratic member of
the ways and means committee,
* ho measure will carry a $3,000,
000,000 issue for a loan to the allies
and a $2.000.000.000 issue for conduct
ing the war for this country. The
$2,000,000,000 issue is expected to meet
j approximately one-half of this conn
x pendit ures up to June 30,
Loan to Allies First.
Consideration of plans for raising
additional funds by taxation for con
ducting the war for this country will
come later. The most essential thing
to be accomplished now. It I« agreed,
is to prepare the allies' loan in order
that they may obtain much needed
food and munitions.
Another effort to rush A\e bond
measure through the house will be
considered by the ways and means
The tenure of the bonds has not
been definitely decided. Some mem
bers of the committee prefer 50-year
bonds, but think that it would bo
best to pay them off at different
Money From Taxation.
The question of raising money by
taxation still la being considered from
many angles and no concrete plan has
been worked out. It is generally
agreed that excess profits, incomes
and certain luxuries will be heavily
taxed. What will be done about in
creasing the Inheritance tax. however,
still is problematical. Opposition to
increasing it because of interference
with state Inheritance tax laws has
ntinued on Page Three >
Republican Flag Hoisted. But
NO ARRESTS IN DUBLIN
ON EASTER SUNDAY
Demonstration is Stopped
by the Police.
London. April 9.—Some excitement
was caused on O'Donnell street in
Dublin today by the hoisting of the
republican flag on the ruins of the
postoffice, while a small party waved
a similar flag from the Nelson Pillar,
says a dispatch to the Star from Dub
lin. The police removed the flag from
the postoffice and dispersed the crowd
without making arrest*.
Here and there ln the city, the dis
patch reports, a small reproduction of
the proclamation of the provisional
' government of the Irish republic was
seen with a foot note reading:
| "The Irish republic still lives "
He rushed to the front end of the sa
loon and saw one man running west
He got a fairly good description.
The Bismarck, before the war was
declared, was a place where Germans
and German-Americans assembled to
eat and drink. The European war
was naturally discussed in all its
phases. But. s*noe the declaration of
hostilities between this country and
Europe, the expression of German
sentiments has been tabooed by the
Mr. Barrenstein declares that he is
an American citizen first and nothing
will ever be said in his place of busi
ness against the country of his
The police are making every' effort
to arrest the man who threw ths
brick. Disturbances of the sort will
not be tolerated ln Butte.
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