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Cbe iButtf Bail? Post.
Published every evening ev ~ept Sunday by the Butte Daily Post company, 26 West Granite street. Butte. Montana._ Entered at second-class mat ter jan. 29, 1913, at the post office at Butte, Montana, unacr the act of March 3, 1879._ Subscription Rates Daily, »ne month........S -50 Daily, one year, in advance 6.00 Seml-ereekty, 12 months.. 2.00 Branch Offices Anaconda.....203 Main Street Dillon.....13 So. Idaho Street Deer Lodge..Deer Lodge Hotel L P. McKinney, Special Agency le Eastern Xdvt Agent, 334 Fifth Avenue........Nev York 122 S. Michigan Ave., Chicago Telephones Business Office ...... Editorial Rooms . ,...428 ...1015 Anaconda Business Office ........ ; ...65 dungs of Address Is oeirftli* P«IKT chm*«! la oaa »a tna, mtotio* old IddiaM »loa la insure mere yay t delivrrry. Pitrou wfll obi If« the ct-ycpAMy by report*«* tariff àt\\\try ml th* pap»- Hakm cbocka aod nvxiry ordert (ayahls I« As Bntt* Daily Poa* Comptay.__ 1 Official Pa»«- of tf.» Pity of Butto The Pftsi I« a Member of the k.udlt Surea-j o? Circulation«. FRIDAY. JUNE 1. 1917. TO ENFORCE PEACE America, comments Pierre Renaudel, leader of the French socialists, has established a new precedent. For the first time in the world's history a countr> has taken up arms to enforce a lasting peace; an event which is ex traordinary but which the eminent Frenchman declares is logical never theless. In one quarter, at least, the motive of this country is understood and ap preciated. Berlin newspapers persist In their misrepresentation of American sentiment and in their distortion of the motive of this nation in entering the war. One frequently quoted news paper of the German capital declares, upon what it asserts is good authority, that there has been arranged a secret treaty between this country and Eng land. to prevent Germany from having. In the future, any colonies. This, of course, is absurd, for there < an be no "secret treaty" to which America is a party. But the French sot iuHat has placed this country correctly before his peo ple; it is to insure peace, through the ultimate triumph of democracy, that we have taken up the sword. Never was there a more righteous entrance Into warfare. THE SENATE'S BIG JOB When the senate finance committee last Wednesday decided to eliini the proposed horizontal tariff lev; t e of j ten per cent, it was announced that it ! would impose a tax upon sugar and j upon coffee, tea. cocoa and their sub stitutes. This It recommended yes terday. The ten per cent tariff in- . « reuse would have added, it was esti mated, about 1200.000.000 to the f«*deral ( revenues: the taxes on sugar and the i cup that cheers without inebriating will increase the nation's income by $80,000,000. In many quarters the sen ate finance committee may be criti cised for thus adding to the burdens of the people. The fact is. however, that a tax on necessities is inevitable, and it has been this country's ex perience that a levy such as was pro posed yesterday by the senate com mittee is collected with the least dif ficulty. In any event, the house provision for a horizontal raise of ten per cent in the tariff was impracticable and it never would have hod the approval of the house had the members of that body given the question serious con sideration. It is Interesting to know that the conclusion to sidetrack thi« tariff legislation was the first mani festation of the influence of the new tariff commission over congressional action. Before taking any steps the democratic members of the finance committee called in Professor Taussig of the tariff commission and asked him what he thought of the ten per cent horizontal increase. The professor didn't think well of It. He pointed out its ridiculous features in a way that made senators see in a minute that it would be unpardonable folly to write the provision into law. He pointe«! out, for instance, that for more than 100 years certain articles that are used as raw' materials in manufacturing have been admitted into the United Htates free of duty, it having been a fettled policy to extend aid to indus try in this way. The proposed pro vision, however, would put a ten per cent duty on all such materials, thus upsetting the established industrial scheme and inviting business disaster on a wholesale scale. Numerous other objections to *the legislation were pointed out by Professor Taussig, and Its crudities were driven home to the members of the committee in such a way that when he had completed his argument the provision had no friends left in that company. The overthrow of the tariff pro vision will cause some disappointment in sections of the country where, crude as it was, it was expected to serve as a stimulus to industry. For instance, ten per cent on lumber was expected to be an aid to the shingle and lum l er manufacturers of western states. Fruit growers of Florida and Cali-! forniu had built up hopes that a ten rer cent tariff on citrus fruits would advance their interests. Every retroactive feature of the tax bill is to be eliminated. This is an other decision of the senatorial leaders which, while it has not been officially announced, is none the less conclusive The taxing power of the United States will not be permitted to reach back ward and collect taxes for last year in addition to those already assessed and collected. It has been pointed out clearly to senators by business men that this would work a great injus tice. In many instances the books have been «dosed on last year's ac counts and dividends have been dis tributed on a basis ol supposed net earnings. Nothing has been left on hand out of which to pa> retroactive taxes. The fact that ali availablej funds have been paid out is no sort of a reflection on the business men of the country, as not even the seventh 6«>n of a seventh son would be expected to have the prophetic vision to foresee that congress would levy a retroactive tax of this character. The finance committee is proceed ing with a general overhauling of the , ,, . house bill, marking many passages that are to be revised fundamentally or stricken out altogether. The com- j mittee la showing good judgment in! ... . ... I consulting the tariff commission. By I following the advice of these experts j i it should avoid blunders that the house) stumbled into vv he enue through and JUNE 1 When the pr lessnesH on t February 1. tl stated that it land would be 1. Gloomy p grim famine c date for the pc June 1 is at G 'eat Britain ......"'"'I bet-un on j aval heads that Eng- ! ! *'on her knees" by Ji dures were painted — rtain to prevail by that £>ple of Great Britain. hand and the people of ire not stnrvlng. Mute- ?t .. .a over. they are eating more meal than they were allowed four months ago. j The British public is not on rations and it has been told that by conserv- j ing present food supplies it will ha enough until the new crop becomes factor in the situation. Just the same, the submarine menace must still be reckoned with. The ton j nage sent down by the Prussian sharks ! is enormous. In today's dispatches we j learn that three American vessels were recently included in the toll of ships destroyed. The fact that the German . leaders have now' set October 1 as the date for humbling England through ( submarine operations doesn't mean i that they will not eventually be able to score a decisive victory in that dlrection. There is every reason to believe that Berlin will have to ad vance its date again and again, but it may do so and still win the war by its divers if the Hindenberg line holds. The weight of British and French au thority, however, is that the submarine will not be a decisive factor in bring ing the war to an end. Lloyd George • only recently made the statement that . the British admiralty was now certain) that Great Britain could not be forced ' to terms through starvation. The sub- J marine peril has been reduced and. in good time, with American help, it ma> be brought unde** control. At least w e know that Germany's j first estimates in respect to the effect ; of the submarine campaign were wrong. As far as can be seen from this dis tance, German victory in submarine operations appears to be almost as distant as ever. at at I KING CORN King Corn to the rescue! Out of the Kansas Missouri corn belt comes the declaration that there need be no uneasiness whatever about this coun try's food supply; that there are seven teen million acres in those two states alone which have been planted this spring to America's own cereal, the golden maize. "Privation.'' exclaims the Kansas City Star, "not for this section! Why worry over -the effete whit«-bread loaf and its diminishing size when there are millions of acres of corn upon which we can rely?" And there is merit in the Missouri query. By whatever name our childhood ex perience teaches us to call it—corn bread, oornpone, corn muffins, johnny cake. hoe cake—it is there in memory and the remembrance is sweet. A steaming slab of this luscious concoc tion brings back the satisfying quality of the breakfast food of days agone. In the last two or three decades of national luxury and extravagance we have grown away, perhaps, from Johnnycake. If we have done this, war is not without its compensation if it brings us back to the appreciation of the satisfying daintiness of this food. If the saving of a loaf of bread is a bullet gained in the struggle against militarism, then let us proceed to save bread by reverting to the Johnnycake of our mothers. No more appetizing cereal food was ever pre pared and none that more nour ishing. Missouri has done much in the past twenty years to redeem herself from the reputation forced upon her by bushwhacker* and comedians, and here Is her opportunity to rise to greater heights. She will make certain her claim to the title "The Show-You State" if she brings back a prodigal nation to the wholesome bread of daddies. HERE AND THERE. One ship we can afford to lose is the censorship.—Brooklyn Eagle. An army at the front is worth two in the training camps.—Baltimore Sun. The food situation 1* acute when they fight so much over Mush.—St. Louis Globe Democrat. One can admire Marshal J offre with out being able to pronounce him.— New York Morning Telegraph. A meatless day once a week in the United States and the vegetable gar den would reduce criminal waste in the American kitchen and diminish doctors' bills - -Spokesman Review. The Roosevelt army is causing a deadlock on the Potomac, but it would loosen things up on the Rhine, —Boston Transcript, It is reported that the Berlin police have arrested a man because he shot ; '*, the kBisPr and mlssed.-Phlladel phla North American, War has changed the speculator into the peculator.—Spokesman Review. Saving daylight is one of the prime saviors in the national thrift cam paign- Atlanta Constitution. THIS DATE IN HISTORY 178.6 United AdamSi 1792 Union 1796 Union. JUNE 1 The first minister of the Stsfes to England, John presented to the king. Kentucky admitted into the vitli the consent of Virginia. Tennessee admitted into the ISO hous€ consumed, 1812—President ?t ' w ' inl me «*»ge t declaration of 1 Gener 1 packer, famous civil war commnnde. born in Pennsylvania; died in Phila delphia Oct. 1. 1916. Detroit destroyed by fire; on 3o streets and roads were Madison sent a congress asking for ar against England Galusha Penny 1846 Constitutional convention met at Albany to revise constitution of Now York. 1863 Hugo Munsterberg, famous psychologist born at Dantzig. East Prussia; died suddenly in class room at Harvard university, Cambridge, Mass.. where he was professor of psychology. Dec. 16, 1916. 1668 James Buchanan, fifteenth president of the United States, died; born April 23. 1791. 1869--Henry Woodruff, noted Amer ican actor, born; died Oct. 6. 1916. 1871—The whole District of Colum bia. which had comprised three differ ent government organizations, placed under one territorial government. 1888 TranH-Mississippi and Inter national Exposition opened at Omaha. 1916— Manitoba voted dry by ma jority of more than two to one. 1916—United States marines landed in Santo Doming« to restore order CURRENT ATTRACTIONS AT BUTTE THEATERS BROADWAY Tonight: Annette Kellerman in "A Daughter ot the Goda"; tomor morrow, Pantages vaudeville. EMPRESS Hippodrome vaudeville: Today and tomorrow, Edna Riese and Company in "Our Career." and five other acts. ANSONIA Vaudeville and moving pictures: Today and tomorrow, Sarah Bern hardt in "Mothers of France." AMERICAN Moving pictures: Today, Enid Bennett in "Happiness"; tomorrow "The Mystery of the Double Cross." ORPHEUM Moving pictures: Gertrude Bond hill in "The Unborn." PEOPLES Vaudeville and moving pictures: Today and tomorrow, Alexander, "The White Mahatma." RIALTO Moving pictures: William Court enay in "The Hunting of the Hawk." LIBERTY Moving pictures: Jane Grey and Frank Mills in "Ths Flowar of Faith." ODD EVENTS IN TODAY'S NEWS A PATRIOTIC COW. Corelo, Colo.—A red Durham cow, owned by Roy Bauer, a rancher of this valley, gave birth reccnth t" lour healthy calves, weighing 40 pounds each. There were two heifers and two bull calves. All are doing well. LEAVES 117 DESCENDANTS. Menominee, Wis. - - Mrs. Dorothea Dehnhoff died here leaving 117 living descendants. She was 93 years old and is survived by eight children, 69 grandchildren and 44 great grandchil dren. She was a native of Germany and had lived here 30 years. LAYS 7 EGGS IN 4 DAYS. Luverne, Minn.—C. 11 Mareaux of this city is the owner of a hen that is unusually ambitious. Not satisfied with laying steadily, she occasionally produces two eggs a day. Last week she laid two eggs u day for three con secutive days, laying seven eggs in four days. The eggs are normal in size and well formed. MULE HANGS ITSELF. Hedgesvllle, W. Ya. A mule owned by Chnrles Graybill. near here, com mitted suicide the other day after a previous futile attempt. One morn ing recently the mule was found hang ing In his stall and was rescued Just in time to prevent strangulation. The next night the animal succeeded in hanging itself. LUKE M'LUKE SAYS Copyright, 1916, Cii nati Enquirer Some girls can't understand why every man they meet isn't in love with them. This is a great country. If you are born with two brains they send you to a museum, and if you are born with out any they send you to Congress. Never knock a Pre acher Just because he isn't an eloquent orator. Maybe he practice.* better than he preaches. An observant bachelor often won ders if the quarrelsome people all get married, or the married people all get <jiiarrcls«>nie. If u woman has n well-fitting gown and her hat and shoes are right up to the minute, she «juits worrying over the fact that her face isn't us hand some as it might be. When they are courting one room seems a vast auditorium and one chair is all the furniture they need. But when they are married a ten-room house often seems too crowded to hold b«jth of them. Every wife knows that a man has so little sentiment that he would use his grandmother's bridal veil to rub off ids shoes when he is in a hurry to leave the house. < >f course,..it -, may not interest you, But the fact Is fhat-Hf dandelions could be discouraged as easily as some other things, they could be raised in green houses anti sold at $5 per dozen. Anyway, the pessimist has the best system for dodging disappointment. When the worst happens it was Just what he expected. Of course, clothes do n«>t make the man. But you can't fool anybody by telling them how prosperous you are if your pants are shiny in the seat. What has become «jf the old-fash ioned girl who used to think that Bertha M. Clay was the greatest writer in the world? Another Fairy Tale: Once Upon a Time there was a man who could tell his troubles without exaggerating them Another reason why a Mother loves small boys is because the fact that the tablecloth is soiled doesn't affect their appetites in the least. Our Daily Special. If Things Won't Come Your Way, Change Your Way. Names is Names. A. Cinch lives in Evanston, Cincln THE ANNIVERSARY IN THE EUROPEAN WAR 1915 JUNE 1. -Outlying forts of Przemysl fall to the Teutonic forces 1916 -New Russian offensive against the Austrians begins on n large scale under General BrusilofT; Petrograd re ports brilliant success, with capture '»f 18.000 men. Germans on Verdun front capture Caiilotte Wood Great military demonstrati funeral of Genera Paris the "Saviour of Paris ration 1 Gall at ilieni. WOMEN OF THE WEEK Miss Margaret Wilson, daughter of the president, after a successful con cert tour of the south, singing for the benefit of the Red Gross, is extending her activities in that respect to divers parts of the country. She sang at a concert last week. May 23. in New York, where Pa«lcrewskl, the famous pianist, also appeared, and on June 6 she will sing in Minneapolis. The demand for overalls for women workers is general, not only among factory and garden workers, but I *mong maids doing housework. It I has been predicted that before the end , of the war this garb will have been I almost exclusively adopted by the I women toilers of America, as it has j been by their English sisters. In a , cotton mill at New Bedford. Masa., ,the management itself fitted out its female operatives with a feminine va 1 rlety of overalls to which was given ( the name "womanaU," and for which I all the women mill workers of that , city axe now clamoring, for their bet I ter protection and improved efficiency j while working amidst feat moving ma chinery. I The National Sylvan theater, an out ............IIUIIII O fkfk Pounds ot Pure / Ce Al/V With Ttnv Fre. With Any Relrl6 tra , f Price* e* Purchased at Landers . s? a e f? at iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiii mi i milM) ...... Dowm Delivers a Monarch aLi Rande to Your Home Ready ill $5.00 a Month Pays for it. Over 6 J 00 Monarch M al , Ranges in Daily Use il ' More Monarch* Than the c" Number of All other The Monarc Malleable Range Is the World, It is constructed along improved lw has many conveniences in operatia, save time and work. It consumes part of the fuel that it i s necessity!, the ordinary range. It is built to. superior service for years and ytin save you hours of work in the kitche will be interested in seeing the Mom in haying us explain the advantages mentioned. We will tell how the Draft and Hot-Blast Firebox make a caving in coal that it will soon a cost of the range You'll see that It economy to buy a Monarch—that y afford to deny yourself comfort, lit« The Butte I Six-Hole Ran^e ! With Polished I Top and Heavy § Led Base H Precisely Like Illustration to Right = Over 2,000 Butte ranges in daily use in the city. The == f" tte . 'f ® six-hole steel range, with a polished top, = fu " ,ck ® 1 trimmed, with nickel teapot shelves, nickel = towel rod and new stylo leg base. Trade your old = ran * e ,n for a new Butte. We'll make a liberal allow — ance for your old range. ence and satisfaction. Your Old Stove or Range Taken in Exchange and Allowance Made for All It's Worth I MAIL ORDERS I FILLED Will AND WE PA] THE F a 6 a door theater built by the United States government, the first institu tion of its kind in the country, will be dedicated June 1 at Washington, and the feat of persuading the government to build a playhouse for the people, such as are already in use in France, Germany, Russia, Austria and other continental countries, was the work of oman, Mrs. Christian Hemmlck, herself u resident of the national cap ital. Mrs. Hemmick has lived much abroad and hus seen the effect of gov ernment-owned theaters upon the pub lic at large and its taste. Knowing that the time was not fully ripe for the establishment of subsidized the aters by the state, Mrs. Hemmick nevertheless started things rolling for congress to include an outdoor theater in its appropriation a year ago for the beautifying of Washington. The Na tional Sylvan theater, built in the beautiful monument grounds, is the re sult of her tireless efforts along these lines. Players of national reputation, including Maude Adams, Julia Mar lowe and Margit ret Anglin, will ap pear on the opening night. Mrs. William G. McAdoo, wife of the secretary of the treasury and young est daughter of President Wilson, Is the chairman of the Women's Liberty Loan committee, organized to co-oper ate with the government in placing the 12.000.000,000 Liberty loan, in whose be half Mr. McAdoo himself is touring the country on a speaking tour. The ÜHÂÎoità - RESTORES RAY HAIR 1 u» natural color in * faw Perfectly banales* —easily applied-, w , Dot stain tba akin or scalp. Poaitieely aura In its results. Makes the hair rich and ^loasv _«c"wj K w rsg i sauBr* * j Lyons Best Flour I -» ■ I Bread &oes on you y ble three times a You are sure of _ bread when you use Ji flour. Ask %our Groctf Butte Wholesale Grocery Company lURI Wholes DlitrIM«" Butte women's committee will work to en list the activities of women and wom en's organizations throughout the country. Other prominent women serving with Mrs. McAdoo are Mrs. George Bass and Mrs. Antoinette Funk of Chicago, Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt of New York, Mrs. J. C. Miller of Pittsburg, Mrs. Guildford Dudley of Nashville, Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey of Independence, Kan., the newly-elected president of the D. A. R.: Mrs. Kellogg Fairbanks of Chi cago. Mrs. Frank H. V&nderlip of New York, and Mrs. Frank H. Higginson of Boston. The plan is to organize the country by states. Hundreds of women speakers will tour the country these coming weeks In behalf of the movement, aiding In the sale and dis tribution of the securities. THE POST FOR THE NEWS Some people ar * • cheeked. ruJ< ! 1 ',. an LSl ' 5 . old a; io W 1,1 » hit; eup b***" 1 ^, ioa* sprinfinee? In the back, tee possibly s tnlnge * p, #1 lii most ca»e* signals to " ar " ; tM jr <•* not promptly t* 01 ". us' * to* it «*, *5. 3 t**»,