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The Butte daily post. [volume] (Butte, Mont.) 1913-1961, July 11, 1917, Image 6

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Hoover Tells Wilson Consum
ers and Growers of Wheat
Will Suffer.
Speculator Taking Large Part
of Price Charged to Con
sumer, He Says.
Washington, July 11. -Immédiate
and efficient action against the food
specuhitors by the government was
advised by Herbert C. Hoover in a re
port prepared 1
given out at the
In the report M
both the farme
public are suffer
lators make unearned profits from the
delay in enactment of food control leg
He declared that the food speculator
is taking a large pert of the price
paid by the consumer and that the
farmer will face a slump and con
for Prestd«
*nt Wilson
white hous
e last ni«ht.
lr. Hoover
stated that
r and the
ing while
food specu
vhich al
1 un der -
sumors will be caught In
even more serious than that
ready Is resulting In "acti
nourishment'* in the great «
centers unless congress takes 1 mined
ate action.
The» president did not make hi
comment on the report but is know
to be impatient over the repeated d
lays In congress which has kept tl
food legislation In a state of unco:
talnty. Mr. Hoover's letter follows.
Hoover's Letter.
to your request 1 send you herewith
the following notes compiled by my
self and my associates upon the pres
ent situation with regard to wheat.
T. The 1917 harvest promises to
yield 678.000.000 bushels. The nor
mal Internal consumption and seed
requirements (assuming a carry-over
of same volume in 191S as In 1917)
amount to about 600.0OO.000 bushels,
thus leaving a theoretical export bal
ance of 78.000.000 bushels. The con
servation measures ure already hav
ing a marked effect and it is not too
much to hope that the nationnl sav
ing may he 80.000.000 to 100.000.000
bushels, and therefore, the export bal
ance Increased to. say. 158.000,000 to
180.000,000 bushels.
Extortionate Profits.
"2. The experience this year in the
rampant speculation, extortionate
profits and the prospects of even «*»•■
wer supplies than 1916 harvest
carry-over, must ______
anxiety. No better proc
ship worked upon our
the past year need be
the recitation of the
producer received an a\
per bushel for the 1916 i
yet. wheat has been as
at Chicago and the prie
he deepest
>f of the hnrd
people during
adduced than
fact that the
■ orage of fl. Si
ix heat harvest;
high as $8.2.1
e of flour has
been from time to time bus_____
speculative price of from 50 to too
per cent and the producer gained
Due to Rank Speculation.
"After much study and investiga
tion. It is evident that this unbearable
Increase In the margin between pro
ducer and consumer i H due not only
to rank spe< nlatlon, hut more largely
to the wide margin of profit demanded
very link in the chain to tneure
them from the great hazard« of trade
in the widely fluctuating and danger
ou price situation during a year when
all normal stabilization has been lost
through the interruption of world
trade and war All these factors
render it vitally necessary to Initiate
systematic measures which will ab
solutely eliminate all possibility of
specuatlon. curb extortionoate profits
proper distribution and re
striction on exporta to a point within
our own protection These measures
cannot be fteeomi lished i.v punitive
prosecutions of evil-doers, but only Im
proper end anticipatory organization
end regulation all along the distribu
tion chain.
Situation of Farmers
'* During recent months the allied
governments have consolidated their
huytng Into one hand in order that
they might relieve the burden of
speculation from their own consumers
and as the restricted exports to neu
trais are but a minor Item, the export
price, if not controlled, is subject to
the will of the allied buyer, so that
In a great measure the American pro.
durer is left to that bu
and is without voles.
" Furthermore. | n normal circum
stances. United States and Canadian
wheat is moved to Europe largely in
the fall montha. such shipments aver
aging about 40.000,000 bushels per
month and relieving a corresponding
flow from the farms into the interior
termlnals. This vear. owing to the
shortage of shipping, the allied eup
piles must proceed over a large period
of the year and will not during the fall
months apparently average over ?0 -
000,000 to 25,000.000 bushels per month
Wow . .
How Speculator Get8 in.
"We must, therefore, expect s glut
In our interior terminals during s
considerable period. The financial
resources of the grain trade are
probably Insufficient to carry this
extra load without the help „f „pec
ulators. and, moreover, the eonaoll
dation of practically all foreign buy
ing In the hands of the allied huver
has further tended to diminish the
resources of espital avaMshle by put
ting a number of firms out of busi
ness and limits the financial capital
available in export trade.
•The net reeult of this situation is
that, unless some strong and efficient
government action Is immediately
settled and brought Into play, the
American producer will face a slump
In wheat, and In any event the price
of export wheat will be dictated by
Men Who Aspire to Be Officers in National Army Must Appear
Before Local Board and File Applications With M. A. Berger.
More Than 50 Have Already Applied From Butte. Many
College Men, But College Education is Not Essential. Phys
ical Examination Required.
Men of Butte who aspire to be of
ficers In the natlonul army now be
ing raised by draft must make appli
cation to the local board at room 4,
Mantle block, for entrance to the of
ficers* training camp at the Presidio
on or before Sunday. Tills was made
plain today at headquarters, which are
in charge of M. A. Berger of the local
committee appointed by A. J. Davis,
state chairman of the Military Train
ing Camps' association, which Is co
operating with the war department In
securing eligibiles for the officers' re
serve training camps throughout tho
More tlihn 50 men have already ap
plied from llutte for entrance to the
training camp. Montana's original
quota for this camp was 72. An ef-J
fort, however, is being made to bring
this apportionment up to 86 on the
strength of the state's showing in the
matter of enlistments and the fact
that but 34 were sent from Montana
to the first camp.
Many of those who have already
applied are college men. but a college
it Ion is
had pi
Manx have
Is. r
• cap
acity or
In handling
in fa
■t. giving
a complete
• of
tho i
PI llcant.
Three ref
• renee
a ar
e roq
tired. Tl
is does not
that letter
s of recom
ny the ap
plient 1
On t
he contra
rj', the gov
nllltory training, but it
nt merely
' imp. Some are technical men.
The procedure to he followed In ;
plying for entrance to the train
camp is simple. An appll
fills out a blank, detailing
occupation, experience, if
k indling
able phy
tlon of s
imposes to make inquir
references furnished,
examination by an> rep 1
dan is required. Certifh
h examination must acco
j Hew that
furnish v.
a single ngem \ and the American
consumer will be faced with the sit
ua tlon that a large part of the essen
tial breadstuff has passed into the
hunds of speculators; for some one
must buy and hold not only the nor
mal flow from the farmer, but this
probable glut.
Must Sell Flour.
"4 With great reduction in the
consumption of wheat bread now for
tunately in progress the employment
of our mills must be greatly dimin
ished and the reduction of domestic
Hour production and our dally feed
m wheat residues will be greatly
tailed Theretore, we must induce
foreign buyers to accept flour instead
of wheat.
>. In order to do Justice to the
producers who have shown great pa
triotism In a special effort to increase
production in 1917 and to further stim
ulate the efforts of 1918. it is abso
lutely vital that we shall prote
farmer from a slump in prie
year due to a glut as above 01
the uncontrolled decisions of ai

uu;«i. 1 am informed that most «>i i
the allied countries have fixed the price
of wheat to the farmer at $1.80 per ,
bushel and many of their producers be- j
i s it is our duty to i
price which deli
j ered to them w ill not exceed their do
mestlc price in other w-e rd«. about
$1.7.0 per bushel cheaper,
Purpose of Legislation.
"Neither their responsible officials
nor I hold this view, because I con
1 aider that the stimulation to produc
' tlon If no other reason Is, in the long
run. in tho interest of the allies.
There is, however, a limit to prices
w hich so trespasses upon the rights
of the consumer as to defeat its own
object through
trikes, raises in w'ages
and social disuti bnnres in the country.
It ie with the view to finding a solu
tion to these problems, filled with the
greatest dangers to both our produc
ers and consumers that legislation has
been proposed und pressed for speedy
"6. The proposed food administra
tion has conferred with many hundred
patriotic men engaged in production
»«d distribution and has investigated
' l ' le condition nf the consumers in
many centers as well. Many plans
' 1Hve been tentatively put forward and
abandoned and others have developed.
t»'t In »ny case, none has or can ha
settled until legislation has been eom
! pieted Three facts stnnd out plainly
! enough from our Investigations:
The Actual Food Situation.
"First that in this situation, the
j farmer will need protection as to the
price of wheat; and. second, that
P ricl - ---
:" rK '' of people In the con
' " uniln * centers are helng actually
unde " r -nourished today due to the ex
orMtRnt coat °* Bring: and that these
™ n<, ' ,,ons - some remedy be
i f " und * re likely to repeat themselves
■ ln * v * n mor ® vlc,ou * form at this time
I next year " thlrd - 'h* »peculator, legttl
I mate or vicious, has taken a large part
" f now being paid bv the
00 , ,,8 »*'r
7 ' 11 Fe< " m8 to be overlooked In
i *° me 1 u * rt ®rs that the marketing of
**"" ------------
this year's wheat Is surrounded with
circumstances new to history, and
that lbs old distributing safeguards
are torn away by Isolation from the
reciprocal markets abroad and the
extinction of a free eaport market
and free export transportation.
Speculator'» Capital Needed.
, "The harvest has begun to move
and from these very causes the price
of wheat has begun to drop, and If
the farmer Is to sell his whest either
the speculator must return to the
market to buy and carry on not only
the normal flow from tho farmer In
exeeee of domestic and foreign re
quirements, but also the glut due to
pany tho application. After the ap
plication has been filled out it is filed
with the local board at M. Berger's
offloe. The applicant th**n appears
before the board In the evening for
a brief oral examination.
Repot is made by the board from
personal observation of the applicant
and with the Application is sent to
Captain Clark, the regular army of
ficer In charge of training camp ap
plications for this district.
The local committe has nothing to
do with selection of ellglbles for the
training camp. That will be done by
tho war department. Just ns it was for
ths first camp. Bocal boards merely
expedite enrollment of applicants and
serve in a sort of advisory capacity.
Members of the board for Butte are
'aptnin Jensen, C.
.. Mel«*her and Bevl
Shoemaker, F.
Similar committees have
pointed by State Chairman Davis in
every city of more than 2,500 inhabi
tants in the sta
, Selection of eligible« for the train
j fng camps, however will be made by
ery commun
j the war department In____, . .........
lty of the United States to avoid local
influences and partisanship
Shortly after the time for receiving
! applications closes, army examiners
j will visit some point in this state to be
................ ..... ... IAn „„,„ lllvl „
will be notified to appear before such
----- . —------ » -....... .....
announced later and aplic&nts selected
for personal and physical examinations
examiners for inquiry into record, ca
pacity, leadership and qualifications in
general, also for further physical ex
amination If deemed necessary by the
After the personal and physical ex
J aminations are completed, and .ns soon
j after Aug. 1, 1917, «is practicable (not
I later than Aug. 10) the accepted np
plicants will be notified when nr
I where to go for the training course.
the outlet to the
the restriction up(
"He must necessarily charge his
toll to the producer and the con
sumer, and this latter probably upon
ii more extensive scale than lust y«
us his risks will be greater.
Bractlcully the export buyer must
Mx his own price for export wheat
;fiom the sole outlook of his
clients, and in execution of his duty
be will in all normal circumstances
follow the market down by buying
only his time-to-time requirements,
as he canuot be expected to carry
the load of our domestic accumula
"Or, on the other hand, the gov
ernment must buy the surplus wheat
at some reasonable minimum price,
allowing the normal domestic
of the country to proceed with proper
safeguard against specula tk
would the service of the speculatoi
••• necessary foi th< government
should he be able to stabilize the
price of wheat without his assistance
anJ can control the price and quan
ta of export wh< ( W< are prac
tically helpless to safeguard either the
farmer or the consumer until the
-- — ----—
D^hdlng legislation is pnsi
main, yöur obedient se. ...
~ ,
j ^ British and Belgian forces,
(Continued from Page One.)
months of the war. The first was
checked along the Belgian front by the
aided by the participation of British
warships along the coast. In the sec
ond battle of Y pres in the fall of 1914
the Germans sacrificed thousands of
men in a terrific drive but failed to
effect a penetration.
Still in Progress.
Reports from London today indicate
that the battle In Belgium Is still in
progress. The sounds of heavj* firing,
heard all day yesterday were again
heurd today beginning at dawn.
Road to Lemberg".
In the sensational campaign which
the revolutionary army of Russia is
waging in Galicia the capture of
Hallos, important though It Is. is only
incidental feature. Given secure
possession of It. the Russians have the 1
road to Lemberg well opened up to
them and a continuation of their at- '
r-,r 2 ,T~ "t ,;;,7 r::.:;,•];!''"•■■
"■ " " ""«».
«ÏÂ1KK2Â ,2521
ITleonere. The Russians, advices to
the war office say. are continuing the I
advance and pursuing the retreating
Austro-n.rtnn., ____
Austro-German forces.
On the French front in Xorthern
France, an attack was made bv the
German, the W oevre district near
Mlrey. They were ejected from a por
tloh of the trench in which they tem
porarily gained a footing.
British naval air forces attacked the
Turk ah-Oerman fleet lying off Con
stantinople on Monday night and ob
tained hits on the Turkish cruisar Sul
tan Selim, formerly the German cruis
er Goeben, and other war ships, caus
ing fires on board.
London. July 11—The enemy pene
trated British poattlona m Belgium on
a front of 1,460 yards to a depth of
509 yard*, says a statement Issued by
the British war office today.
In their advance the Germans en
25 For Cenl Discount J
25 Per Cent]
Bring Yon Better Rental
Also, they keep your lodger longer; there isn't so much moving in and out. Take for
ample, a cheerful RUG—pays for itself over and over. Herewith, a few hints from
Brussels, size 9x12 feet
Velvet, size 9x12 feet
Axminster, size 9x12 feet......
Bundhar-Vl'ilton, size 9x12 feet
French-Wilton. size 9x12 feet.
Brussels, size 27x54 inches ........
Axminster, size 27x54 inches......
Bundhnr-Wilton, size 27x54 inches .
Hardwick-Wilton, size 27x54 inches
French-Wilton, size 27x54 inches...
Bedroom Rag Rugs
Size 4x 7 feet
Size 6 x 9 feet
Size 8 x 10 feet
Size 9x12 feet
Wool Fibre Rugs
7!/ 2 x 9 feet ........ $5.35
9x1 6^2 feet ........ $9.15
9x12 feet.......... $9.15
Medium Sizes
Brussels, Velvet, Wilton
Axminster, 36x72 inches
Bundhar-Wilton, 36x63 Inches .
Hardwick-Wilton, 36x63 inches
French-Wilton, 36x63 inches ..
patterns; yard at..........
weaves; yard at..........
These Frices Include Sewing
Full worsted; yard at....
wool; yard at.............
New Spring patterns, laid, yard.
(Tile Patterns.)
£ ut ,0 .......hod Cut to .......... $1.2«
First quality, heavy, cut to....................gj
First quality, square yard
tered trenches on the right bank of
the Yser near the sea. The attack
followed a -4-hr,ur bombardment in
which the defenses In the Dunes sector!
near the coast were leveled.
Tho Hector wag isolated by de.struc
tlon of bridge* over the Yser.
Berlin. July \\ ( V Ja London).—More
than 1.2T.0 prisoner* have been taken
b> the German marine corps in tho
Y. er i.istrlct of Belgium, army head
quarters announced today.
Paris, July 11.-—The Germans made
an attack last night in the Woevro
ThTw ° f ~ rey They were fsi'ulsed,
tne j\ar office announced today.
^ u| f~ÏL— According
telVerarTfe Ju ' 5 ' 11 —According to a
enemv^h general staff of the
m pumm continues, the Rue
" —
the enem^v fl « , 2' ~ An alr on
announced m Constantinople was
ish war ^fri " 8,atem,,nt of »he Brlt
18n war offlr- -
-- —Joe today. Bombs were
dropped on tbe Turkish cruiser Ywu*
Sultan Selim, formerly the German
cruiser Goeben merman
The war office at Con.tantinople
''■'V' auaeked and a direct hit was
RUftincd by th#* Britisv»
Without casually * h ° r * ,Urne<1
» . ^rsär^s:
®r the moment has a^rivod .
as U I. doubtfo,^? th. I J^; n Vi!,ib ' e "
Petrograd, J uIy „ -i Br , tUh ad _
1 m i rH |
J;, 0 * 1 ""'
V per wireless press.)—The Rus
have reached Posiecz-Lesivka
7 line. In the fighting be
Sunday and Tuesday in the
( II>c,u ' n °* Holina the Russians took
mo,e lhan 10.000 prisoners and 80
I Petro &rad, July 11—i n addition to
Hal| c*. the Russians took
j 2 ", 00w Prisoners and 30 guns. Thev
Wt° n "I 6 "7 adva,,ce westward to the
1 ot the Lornalca river and
pressed forward on the Bogordchan
j""'"' IOT "ara on the Bogordchan
w.Tmad' X Z'ZZZZ TïZT
of th * hpav -
the d'mntfl'r «*«■* IoUsT,
ao e „rr : k *; r ; hpw ,n i —
til nearlv "m' , .». 1 " the
til nearly midnight ana Un '
beginning at dawn In
suburbs tremors like a s"^h. "
duake could be felt. earth
Stockholm, Jm y n_ T ,,„
msnt has instructed .L I' . » 0VR rn
lster at Berlin t. ^ Swedish min
torpedeing 0 f RweaT'!!"'^ 1 aaa,n st the
OcrmanTnCrTn « 911 ' iSh,n,? hoats hy
Kb* neriin
pressed for the rem» j' s be cn sup
Sccording to ,h. Tagebatt ° f W " r '
î^'y thi* mormng a at <1 hls r" rB ai * d
Utah avenue R, h,F home, 1037
Butte for many year» *, r ** 1<5 «nt of
inspected here fZ *' as highly
moved to tvn,... ,>0<Jy was re
lors. where ÂiVîîf" 1 "« «i
»eral arrangsmen,,. P«nHng f u -
h»M_th". Thl 8 years * ai9d
« White's underi!a, Th r6raal »s *re
Officers for the Year Elected
Several Are Retained
in Office.
Officers of the Butte Ad club for
the ensuing year were elected at the
noo nluncheon today as follows: H.
J. Lonskey. president; John A. Bro
Ler„. ® pr<?8,den '; H. T. Snyder,
T)?I ,t ry ' and Guy Lewis, treasurer,
oie* .VJ™® a * t were re "elected. The
r m l ' omm, ttee oonsiste of Will
Lute), Merle Davie and Garfield Ton
This was the main business trans
" ! d at ,he meeting. Talks were
Ay new Ptesldent, Mr. Lon
esey, Mr. Brophy. the re-elected vice
? .'a Mr Br0ph >'' the re-elected vie
Ä 1 J " B " 8p roule. who has re
lï,™ *° * he cU V '™m Oklahoma
^'er an absence of a few years and
fivm Wa * former, y connected with the
Symons store, and others.
hour 1 »T ln K 6 buslnesa a «octal half
Glliu dur 'ne which Malcolm
bad! bebalf of the o'ub. formally
Montan w e " to Jack Colllton of the
Montana Power company, originator
Your « f ? ° f the company] "At
a fi- a Ce Mr - c °l'lton leaves !n
hal 7J ay 'J° r New York " «here he
tion vr a responeible posi
to ht» , Qlllls P a l a glowing tribute
iLa bualn css ability and his many
g od qualities of heart and hand.
♦I— .. 18 a of regret at thi*
have tT* Mr ' QiUla in open « d * " t0
Is to t ann °unce that Mr. Colliton
his oaiif V ® U * ln a few da »s- Men of
denoe m er v J are nTe D «rtng his rest
t . n Butte he has demonstrated
which make for suo
ïo"al way ^ d , n f ° r P ^ ula r'^ a
Butt. ; 1 may ' a y «hat while
will lose much in hU departure
that^imi 0 7 hlCh he U * oln « will gain
Md l?n vS" 1 1 h °h* and trust,
that h! Lm f a r a hd the club,
w'lsh." Wl " b ® * s succeesful as we
Mr. Colliton
Tribute to Mr % 1
by other membi
The club was
SSLrSL Wh,of > Kt« àëôom
amî th past six months,
,he "»'«tance, co-operation end
suitably responded
tfllton was also mads
t ^d^fe t#d on
support of the meint
the officer.- for the
make the club a grea
ever. The meeting
A very pieusing fesi
ingr was the singing
the Mntana Power <
war Salts'
(Continued fron
been handled by Mr
North Butte Mining
tlicae checks over tc
thereby sparing **
trouble and expense
tera of administré
wages of their dea^
Mr. Harrington hi
victims of the dlsasi
living in «11 I*ar t9 0
also has fenind that
eigner had money h
ings bank.
Letters of adminii
taken out by .Mr. Ha
tates. The law pro'
must be taken out
no o. Those runnlnl
ure can be handled 1
With the exceptio»
relatives H'"* ' n tf
and Montenegro, *'
pects to wind ih*i"
months The '*»'
will not he admlnlsl
Is ended.
Frederick W.
Butte for 30 year*
prominent brewer»
morning at the U»
Nevada avenue
age. He I» «u r v ,v " l
•one. fred. Adulph*
daughter, Mrs
two brother#, ** ^
two Bisters, Mr*
Mra. Cm"
" V memÄ^
sen and many
8ub»cr»l>s f° r

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