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Generally fair Qfyt mtti Dailp iPoöt. WEATHER FORECAST MONTAN A—Ton igh t snow and prob ably snow Wednesday. NO. 296. BUTTE MONTANA. TUESDAY. DECEMBER 11. 1917. PRICE FIVE CENTS 'RY'S CROPS THIS YEAR VALUED AT $21,000,000,000 Sure Exceeds That of Any Year in the Nation's History Is Unofficial Estimate NY CROPS é|HE REPORT es for 1917 Crops Out by the De partment. L CROPS SHOW ÎREASE OVER 1916 'on, Dec. 11.—Many year exceeded the pro other years, while the e country's farm prod a total estimated un at $21,0(H) .000,000, far at of any other year in ry's history. Final esti production of the prin crops were announced the department of agri estimates a 1917, 3.15 ». 491.000 418.070.000 232.758.000 650.828.000 1.587.286.000 208.975.000 60.145.000 17.460.000 5.473.000 26.478.000 442.536.000 57.141.000 79.528.000 15.402.000 1.196.451.000 6.237.000 15.701.000 75.866.000 13.554.000 502,700 27,788,(»no 245,000 58.203.000 45.066.000 13.281.000 12.832.000 G30,886,( 1,251,992,( 180,927,( 1.150,622,000 6,228,000 8,846.000 50.340.000 ,7.833,000 252.000 50.537.000 415.000 202.245.000 36.939.000 10.377.000 HUIT BT BUST Flyer Alights in Halifax ins—Police Get the Message. . Dec*. 11. The capture of a jjeon, under whose wins was e in German, was reported to » today. The pigeon, probably in ti»e explosion Thursday, he window of a home near the area. Its number was "New lgeon was turned over to the police of Dartmouth, who de » make any statement pending ivery of the message to the authorities. •man who captured it said the suffering intensely from the seemed to have come in for ITIES NOW ON AN ORGANIZED BASIS ax. N. S., Dec. 11 The snow EL COMMITTEE REFUSES 0 MODIFY RECENT ORDER I ed Coal Prices Will Stand ess Retail Dealers Induce 1 eral Fuel Administrator rfield to Overturn Local ard's Findings. T te's new coal prices will stand, making a careful survey of all submitted them by local coal . the Silver Bow county fuel luce today notified the retailers see no reason why .the orig igures which provide for a re i of Ö 0 cents on one-ton lots saving of 75 cents per ton on two or more tons should not The fuel committee reached delusion to stand pat on the re figures at a meeting hist night, next move is now up to the • r «- Chairman Von Dachen - TRiYEEN NEGRO too: r AT Ft They Were Found Guilty of Riot and Mutiny in Hous ton Murders. FORTY-ONE OTHERS ARE SENT TO PRISON FOR LIFE Others Given Lesser Punish ment—Army Orders Carried Out Secretly. San Antonio. Tox., Dec. 11.—Thir teen of the negroes of the Twenty fourth infantry, United States army, found guilty of complicity in the riot and mutiny at Houston on Aug. 23, were hanged cn the military reserva tion at Fort Sam Houston at 7:17 o'clock this morning. Announcement of the carrying out of the sentence was made at headquarters of the southern department at 9 a. m. < )nly army officers und Sheriff John Tobin of Bexar county Were present when the sentence was carried out by soldiers from the post. No newspaper men or civilian spectators were al lowed, the time and place of execution having been kept secret. 41 Get Life Imprisonment. Of the 63 men tried by the same court martial, 41 were sentenced to life imprisonment. One man was sen tenced to dishonorable discharge from the army, forfeiture of all pay and al lowances and to be confined at hard labor for two and a half years. Three were sentenced to be dishonorably discharged from the army, forfeit all pay and allowunmces and be confined at hard labor for two years. Five were acquitted. The Men Hanged. The negro soldiers who paid the death penalty were: Sergt. William C\ Nesbitt. Corporal Larnon J. Brown. Corporal James Wheatley. Corporal Jesse Moore. Corporal Charles W. Baltimore. Private William Hrackenrldge. Private Thomas C. Hawkins. Private Carlos Snodgrass. Private Ira B. Davis. Private James Divins. Private Frank Johnson. Private Risley W. Young. Private Pat MucWhorter. Following the hanging of the 13 men the chief of staff of the southern de partment gave out a written state ment at the same time refusing to answer any question. DETAILS OF THE GHASTLY BUSINESS San Antonio. Tex., Dec. 11.—"Good bye, boys of Company C," were the last _ (Continued on P age Seven.) NOTED SINGER TO EMN SIOO.OOO FOflRED CROSS Washington.Dec.il.—A gift of SIOO. OOO to the Bed (Toss from John Mc Cormack. I he tenor, was announced today. Paying his own expenses, Mr. McCormack will make a patriotic con cert tour from the Atlantic to the Pa cific. opening in Washington Dec. 18 with a concert which the president and Mrs. Wilson have announced they will attend. "I will keep on singing until T have earned $100,000 for the American Red Cross to use as it sees fit," said Mr. McCormack In making his offer. hausen of the county fuel committee stated today that if tho coal dealers desire to make an appeal they must take it direct to Federal Fuel Admin istrator Garfield, as State Fuel Ad ministrator Swindlehurst has already endorsed the reduced figures and an appeal to him would gain the retailers nothing. That State Fuel Administrator Swin dlehurst expects the local retailers to appeal is evidenced by the fact that he has sent appeal blanks to Mr. Von I >ut*henhausen. Those blanks, popu larly known as cost blanks, take In every phase of the coal situation. Un der the operating expenses, the ap pellant coal dealers must give detailed figures on yard, delivery and general expenses. Under the income classi fication they must give a detailed in ventory of their purchases and profits on sales. in addition they must fur (Cuntinued on Page Five.) ' THE STRICKEN COMRADE (Copyright: 1917: By John T M.Ont^heon. 1 -A UfFAX* TSASTtfi DECLARES PRESIDENT WILL HAVE TO HOLD RAILROADS EVEN AETER PEACE COMES Chairman Adamson of the House Commerce Committee Gives Sensational Testimony Before Joint Congressional Commit-!. tee Inquiring Into the Railway Situation. President's ln-! tention to Go Before Congress for Legislation to Unify the Railroads is Announced at White House. Washington, Dec. II.—At the opening of the hearing today by the joint congressional committee investigating transportation problems! Chairman Adamson of the house commerce committee declared that . mau nunuijuii I IIVUJC V. V/ 111111 C I VC V. U 111 i 111 l l CC UCLIHICU Ulttl President Wilson probably would have to take over the railroads "during the war and hold them after the war until congress can pro vide some plan for proper management and efficient operation in peace and in war." The railroad«' board - The railroad«' war board today u«ked President Wilson to receive its mem bers for a conference which ranged for Wednesday afternoon. Will Go to CongTcss. President Wilson's intention to ask congress for special laws to effect railroad unification for the duration of the war. made known last night, gave a new aspect today to the trans portation problem faced by congres sional leaders, war administrator« and railroad executives. The president's decision in favor of such a move was announced after a conference with Senator Newlands. chairman of the joint committee In vestigating tUe railroads,'at which the transportation was discussed at length. The president probably will ask for the legislation in an address to congress before the holiday recess. FUTURE OF JERUSALEM TO AWAIT PEACE PACT For Present it Will Be Treated as Under British Military Occupation. London, Dec. 11.—No attempt will l>c made to define the future position of Jerusalem until a general peace com es, the Times says it understands. In the meantime, tho city will he treated :is in British military occu pation and will be under martial law. General Allenby will appoint a mili tary governor. While the British flag will fly over the city, the French and Italian flags will be placed over their national property, such as convents and schools. A solemn thnnksgiving Te Deum will be held in St. Raul's cathedral today in celebration of the surrender. — - mono COMMANDEER COAL IN TRANSIT Gov. Cox of Ohio Wires Presi dent People in That State Are Suffering. Columbus, O., Dec. «.—Kalita* to hear from a similar request made to Dr. Harry A. Garfield, federal fuel ad ministrator. yesterday and again today. Governor Cox of 'Ohio this afternoon appealed directly to President Wilson for authority for the Ohio fuel adminis tration to commandeer coal in transit through Ohio for domestic use. With zero weather prevailing the coal shortage was so acute in Ohio to day that Gov. James M. Cox tole itrnphed that unless Ohio people Rot immediate relief they will ' lose conlt dence in the government." COLDEST DECEMBER WEATHER IN 40 YEARS Washington, Dec. It.—The coldest December weattier in 40 years was recorded in the Ohio valley this morn inK, with a minimum temperature of IS decrees below zero at Cincinnati. In all parts of tho country cast of the Rocky innuntnlns ihe temperature to day was from 20 to 40 decrees below the usual average at this time of the year. Some moderation of the cold was f orecast t oday hy the weather bureau, (Continued on Pag* Seven.) DURABLE PEAGE IMPOSSIBLE BY „ ! So Britls ". Diplomat Tells the Journalists in Petrograd Interview. FURTHER DETAILS OF BUCHANAN'S STATEMENT Russians Making Peace With German Autocracy, Not German People. London, Monday, Dec. 10.—Further details of the statement made to Rus sian journalists by Sir George Bu chanan, British ambassador at Petro grad. as forwarded in a Reuter patch show that the ambassador dared the Russian commissaries were mistaken in thinking that a durable peace could be obtained by asking the Germans for an armistice to be fol lowed by an agreement. The allies, he said, wished first to arrive at -a general agreement in harmony with their declared war aims and then to arrange an armistice. Hitherto not one word had been said hy any German statesman to show that the ideals of the Russian democracy were shared by Kmperor William and his government, the am bassador said. Tt was with the Gor de- • (Cont'nued i ! l'age Sev AUTHORIZE INCREASE IN BEET SUGAR PRICE Wholesalers Allowed a Raise of 10 Cents Per Hun dred Pounds. Washington, Dec. 11. An increase of 10 cents a hundred pounds in the wholesale price on hect sugar was .au thorised today by the food adminis tration. The mise is to put licet sugar prices on n levdl with those now paid for Cuban cane sugar. It should not advance retail prices tho food administration declares. The new price is *7.sr, at the liasic sugar renters of New York. San Francisco un.l New Orleans. A further slight increase may bo granted, It was said when Oiihnn freight rates nre read justed, probably next week. NOT BOUND TO FRO Such Agreement is Not Part of Formal Truce Pact With the Russians. NEW OUTBREAK IMPENDING IN THE CITY OF MOSCOW Opposition Parties to Bolshe viki Again Threaten ing There. Petrograd, Sunday, Dec. 9. A "bat talion of death" which left Staffka is eported to have defeated the Bolshe* iki troops near the town of Shlobin, n Mohilev. Petrograd. Monday, Dec. Cameneff, chief of the Bolsh« gates sent to negotiate »• n rith the Germons, said on li rom Brest -Litovsk that Ui« ions of the delegat i. semi-official cx< vhich the German ho Kameneff ad is was not binding. The Russians, be added, emitted to send transiat in revolutionary literal iny, and through that cc heilige i n' 1 ;" ! ' ,,t \ t,.\V s v agreed frimt ver, that, iod tu !»■ viki del innbstice Ihr gut» cplicd the on Id uppOMcd their gov ent k'illingly inch literal il Italy, but TERRIBLE PRICE THEY WILL PAY FOR PEACE London, Monda > rogiad romspotirietit of the tributes to a responsible statement that during th< eon vernations between the Russian Gorman representatives at Hi (Continued on Page Seven.) 10 —The Pet liie Times at nforr WAR CAUSES REMOVAL OF MINISTER FROM POST Doesn't Approve of America's Attitude in War—Bishop Relieves Him. Tjos Angeles. Dec. 11.—The Rev. Dr. IS. P. Ryland. a district superintendent of the Methodist Episcopal church, will l>e removed from his post next Monday and assigned to some other duty be cause of his unwillingness to support the church's patriotic attitude, it l>e enme known here today. Bishop Adna W. Leonard. D. D., w ho announced the change, said a decision was made when Dr. Ryland found himself unable to assist in a proposed series of patriotic addresses. Dr. Ryland concurred in tho step. "Inasmuch as the bishop and I don't agree on the present attitude of the United States in tho great war. it is Perfectly proper that I ho offic he TO INVESTIGATE CHARGES PREFERRED RY HOOVER Washington, Dei*. 11. -Charge» Food Administrator Hoover that dishonest wholesale and retail chants and food broker« have criminally responsible for food « ages and rising prices were taken dor investiagtion today by the fe< trade commission. Victor Murdock will he in char« the inquiry, which will bo prose« with vigor and with all of the t commission's brood investigative i ers behind it. ihort 1 I i., n .ilT. J " " r I ul.;d : 1 TO GO AFTER VIOLATORS OF FEDERAL FOOD ORDEF Chairman Love of Hotel and Restaurant Division Will De- 1 clare War on Those Who Fail ! to Observe the Meatless and Wheatless Days. All violators of food regulations in the non-observance of meatless Tues day« and wheatless Wednesdays will l>e reported to Federal Food Admin is trator Hoover. ,\ crusade against all violators in Uuttn was started today IE RUSHING BIG TROOP MUSSES TO WEST LINE Great Effort of the Teutons in the West is About to Be Made. ALLIES GIVE NO HINT AS TO WHERE BLOW FALLS Artillery Extremely Active, But There's Lull in Infantry Fighting. London. Monday, Dec. 10.—Tiff correspondent at Amsterdam of the Daily Express reports that the Germans are rushing troops 1 to the western front with the ' i^ ea s"'« shi "S ** le entente al j lies before America is able to act and adds: "One of the results of ] this is that the German muni t j on f ra j ns collided on Thursday, Rmh were blown up and several hundred soldiers were killed or wounded." j THE WAR SUMMARY. Heavy German reinforcement« have rrived in France, it is believed in al ie<| capitals, but where the expected •low will fall is yet to be disclosed, 'or the moment the infantry is in ' tive along the western front, but the rtilliry. and especially that of the Go in riou* < toi Heavy Bombardments. On the British front the Germans ar otnbarding heavily the ,»^siiion :>utInvest of Cambrai and east > n< ortheast of Ypres, the two sector hieb have seen virtually all the hoav; fighting in the past few month«. From St. Quentin to tho Swiss bor dor. Paris reports great artillery a? tivits Itetween the Oise and the Aisne Champagne, northeast of Verdin and in upper Alsace. Lull in Infantry Fighting'. Infantry fighting has stopped mentarily. at least on the Italian front from Ai hu go to the Plate river. The Austro-Go ravins ca >tured some tcr rains, but without imprqving their tactical p t citions and at a heavy ost. An appfiri ntly local attempt to cross the lower reaches of the Piave has beeil choc I ted by the Italians. Official Holy City for today into Jerusalem, t Christians, is platin' HEROIC ITALIANS HOLD THEIR GROUND AND ARE COMPLETELY WIPED OL Italian Headquarters in Norths Ita ly. Monday. Dec. 10.—(fty the a U 'mituniedjm Page Nbi eT) SARCASTIC COMMENT ON PRESIDENT'S ADORES German Paper Calls Wilsor Speech "Crazy Act of War Inciter." Amstcrdam. Monday, Dec. 10._c< anting on America's declaration ir against Austria-Hungary. 1 'Ï.ÏT Wien,r Tageblatt. Vienna, as I 1'resident Wilson's sudden idea i .ilT. " n ''' st l "' declared against Aust llungar) on the ground that sh< i.ermany's vassal is the craziest of I career as war» Inciter. We arc frightened hy (is declaration of , udcjlhat Mr. Wilson should think : knows us heiter than ourselves m 1 us laugh." , v c **'nn n ....... .. ,, ' 1 " . 1 ', n<1 . division <>r X Ät ZI, Z £ 'olator is in the hands o •' Iti. nal food administration at \\ ington. Chairman love opened his art today Upon instructions from 1 l-ooi Administrator Alfred Atkl l ndir these instruclioiik, Mr. S'nt to Professor Atkinson the nai every hotel r.nd restaurant man has signed a card pledging to ,.h, (Continued on Ps*e _ YhretT'