Newspaper Page Text
'"r Owhwr l l!
1 - MGnrapeene Girdler. , E;nt Larval ,r ai d, Adult; SuissGem Ing the Canm Just Belw Its Egg-Chamber. The Upper One of the Twin Holes In the Center of the Came Contales the Eg. All Greatly Enlarged. By FRED 3. BROOKS. West VhrgIai asptriment staioe,) The grapecane girdler l au Inseat not often mentioned Ina entomologicl literature. probably for the reason that In the past it seems to have eonaed Its attacks chiely to the plant known a Virginia creeper or SaFe4eafe try, ampelopsis qglnqueoba, sad has seemed therefore, of but little eco homle importane. In this state it ap pears now to have developed a prefe ence for the grape. In several locall ties I have seen rapevines presenting a ragged appearance on account of the dead tips resulting from the Insect's attacks, but I have never been able to Sad either the beetle or evidences of Its work on ampelopsis. The species cannot now be regarded as a pest of veerious consequence except In rare Instancee, but it has several times attracted attention as an enemy of the grape In this state dura Ing recent years, and heretofore bat little has been known In regard to its habits. The distribution i the species seems to be quite general throughoot the eastern and mid-western sections ti the United States. 18n13 Mr. C. V. Riley, tI his arst rport ea the seox ous lupects of Missouri, mentioned it as forming galls on the common reep. or. At about tie same time Mr. IBem D. Walsh had specimens t the inset In his collection In Ilinois, mared "Madaru ampelopis." It was not un- n til the year 1876 that a descriptioa if the beetle was published. Is that year Dr. John L. LaCoate described it in his work on the Rhynchopheoa at Americ, and gave to it the neme which it still bears. I. Coate gIves 1 Its gsograpblcal distributien as "suth. en and western states.' Since the description was pubtlshed the speiess has receved but nfrequent sad brief r aotice, but hae bueen recorded as co a carriag in several states fro MiW v sourt to Pe~asylvaal. The wound which the beetle makes Ia ovipootlag causes the tip sod terminal leaves on the young cane to drop over and die, ad shortly after ward to fll from the vine. The o is not carried to the ground with the prmiage whe ther fl, but it r mains ih the rVise, sad the larva which C develops therem Seds i the heart of the stump from which the leaves and tip were removed' It Is interesting to eepen at aethods of this insect with thlse oP ether peaies that girdle twigs or P .sari bracbes s erder toin aer psrt ly kil the wood na which their es g are laid and their larvae are to sed. The hietkery twiggirdler." Od. P doses elaista, a loauhersed" hed t le ts eggs ls the branches I Mhicry and ether res and then d0i t dies the beun below. i n that s leahsh above dies and is ee . ai p e. ," obehrew i.,een s, a beetle the asme family, att.e" cte sa asladr maser The Snmie ms a p amend a twigas. that x is eel b kues eR t the . oiuw the nse.sa i t do eb ad dksdeats as egg ndl is wpes bather dn ast twig ad dies a seased an mr smerel thstiheough tMa staRo nde. ro - " riýF iW Iiitl I lata, euts a double girdle and lays an between t wo twon a similar man I er In the young canes of blackberry tnd spberry. Still anothr lose Shorned" betl the "oak-pruner." N1a. phidon vlllosum, layrs its o in the branches of oak and other trees but leaves the girdling to be done by its larvae. In this case the larva feeds In the heart of the twil until it is nearly h full grown and then cuts the twig al most off at the lower ead of ts bur row. Immediately after thm eut is made It retrats into the burrow above and waits for the wind to blow the twig to the ground, where it completes Its transformation within the burrow. The adult ao the "raspberry cane maggot," a two-winged ly at the genus Phorbli, lays its en near the tips of young raspberry shoots. The larva which hatches enters the eane and after working Its way downward for several inaches It eancircles the shoot several times, with a spiral groove made just beneath the bark, which kills the shoot above, and the larva fads thereafter on the dead wood. The "currant stem-girdler," Janus in tiger, a saw-fly, punctures the bark of currant bushes near the ends at gow lag tips with its saw4ike ovipositor and lays an aeg in the oifloe. Just above the egg, it girdle the twig by making several deep cuts with Its ovi. Dpoesitor that the twig breaks ever. The larva which develops from the egg feeds on the pith ec the stump, There are other species that operate In a similar manner, but the eaes that have been m timoed will serve to show that the pecaliar habit, Ina e orm or another Is shared b Insects beloglag to widely separated greps. It Is Interestng that ma mar speeles. wheih in most mepects do net ress I each other In the least and whlek nrerent at least thr ee ders, have adoptd some form ao this pemliar way at prvidlng for the sely sad comafort of their progy. RADICATION OF THE GRAIO~PPU Oao 54.Aans dives lorea.mis des L eials Petoses*4 aIw ae he s Use ie sie Ise Ohio statism advises that fo reteting ens and flitted nal trem the attaks et pnsppers goal r.ems are msall obtained femr mwa a peisemed bran mash per arned uas flws: Mir teether, whle drr, two pea-s of pam pee and n es o t aee , them smoiste wish water that has bee swe d with msems or distlved .ans a westm set Iskse Amr set asoe t hreo feet a g a et a b ast seawY each way, we a tablepss.. sear east plnbt, thfo ma muW be wa over the seld abrsadst a e treh metI shoud et eat vr ao pe rama abor a i eae. leap t pa t MW .em the e = thn models.t Uts s i ar better to as pte h btl ade s e tSa eeapel tel s aww WSM. he sg - o so pealke gaeth(sae w ass saw ECep the bhoe gong. aeed the bhogs a variety. The best feed is beest. Turkeys devour many insects. Separattng cold milk meass a loss ef cream. This sason of the year Is trying en cows and dairymen. Get a die sad stamp your inittals an the crem ae milk cans. Paint will rub of in time. The cow that can beM up well ti milk production in August Is a valu able animaL Sehlins all the bay and grain raised ea the farm Is a sure method of sell tag the farm. From 10 to 50 per ceot. ed cream Is lost by "settlng" milk n pans, say the aperimenters. With the exception of the plow, the barrow Is perhaps the oldest of till age tnstruments. Les EKar orn tinhe the feed as the weather gets warmer will keep hens from getting Ot and luay. Don't nill to divide the buttermilk between Biddy and the pigs. She re tes it as much as they. All fowls, chicks, ducks and duck gnl. that are kept in yards should have plenty of green food every day. A chicken take naturally to having tlad banded him. but the turkey Is al most self-supporting until cold weath er. Dont allow the hen-mother to drag around all day with her brood, as meay chieks succumb through exhaus tla. One advantage in keeping feed al ways before poultry is that they do not have to hurry so to get their meals. In buildingl a wire fence for hogs put nem barbed wire at the bottom and the worst rooter in the pasture wo't root out. One mite ea the back of a fellows neek makes him Just about wild. What must it be to have a mllion crawliag? There is still time to put out a crop ot rosts for ow ood next wnter. Rich light soll is the best place for them. Turkeyr always fnd a ready sale and are almost cleer profit. There it always a demand. The market is nev er glutted. Neat, deen rates and bones help to as fruit eves though It may not be quit up to standear eo exesileese set by the power. I the seaso s ry, had a few bar res of water to those late planted trees. Da't let them safer for water durtg a dry spell. t bogs are lousy, set a small pot, wrapped tight with an eld repes Is the ground and soak the rope with coal ll. The hg will do the rest. Ovnheatin to to be avoided by ear tfoss worklag and careful watchitg of wort horses with shade sad water at Interval, Is possible. moldy tter In partecularly table lM ame tremble at this seass ot the vear. PlImoath Reeks have beet mese to weigh severn pounds dressed at Thaksgint g time, by ejudsls fee lag fr growth sa deeBpmenst while em raes. I d plaster has a very small peu eitage at hlmes: imp Lm hap th Slargs peastese d a vhydratesd meat. Mad it sualy a lttle rltesr tO lwl tohen - a abmsemLeIl or the sees. Aheed at eiale wb 1 se, mser e su rto wem lt Sentha ies ar grw o a whole sesl a. ShaW we seal sotek Af .ad ad to teed theo alt thefact s dmet et thm a see es to. iL res t et toad, ask then lotas molber, ld 8aa t a t e> ? at se tats. It stet asetoup av e is - an to heInv Ib s a the bee-s - ' .a Weo eat down the ilk pply. Tee enanot begim eead and trate al e. eartl. The -ew that tum0 mnht milk must aU nt May to dak. CMate is ama aeeme ta the dis -e art et turkey ni Oatlnue the eIply Of grapes with brdeaux muttmg tor prevent rot. I's am tl wind that shlls a new born salmaL Time .t year cuts so Whme chlcks stead around listless. ly and peep, lies are very often to is hard times or prosperous years the mn with a oew good cows is well atsurd. Sgeood cream separator with sev. eral goed cows will soon abolish a Be patient with the cows .They an't help giving yes a swat in the face with their tails. Wet masbes are bettor for fatteonlng ftowls because they are more easily digested thatn dry feeds. Strips of ceal sown at intervals, near the aow lot, will come ato handy when pastures fail t1 early tall. No lad is so rich that its owner esa aford to waste the manure that Is made by his farm stock. The work at loe is often mistaken for disease. When a fowl seems to be ailing look for lies rst. Whea cultivated eowpese are to be aut for hay. the greund does not want to be ridged up very much. Move tboe coloy houses and brood coops ae to fresh ground every day or two and the chicks will grow taster. hedlagl the obhloks too much Is worse than waste, as feed lying about will soon sour, and the comes trou ble. Chickens at ten weeks old are read for the broiler market and they ought to weigh two pounds by that time. Crops most be gathered Ito proper conadltlo and sent to the market treks and clean. Careful grading Is essentia. It coasts a good deal of moey to bOu a satisfactory team. In most eases this can be avolded by the farmer ralaing hbls own. Two pounds of mixed shorts and bran per cow per day is not suoltent for cows that are expected to give liberal fows of milk. The breast of the Indian game it very much like that of the pheasant or the prairie chlake. The bheft of the meat lies on the breast. Veal cve tIn hot weather will grow better If kept during the day Into a dark, cool stable. but the stable must be cleaned out and well ventilated. Unless the lttle turkeys are allow. ed free range all the time. they should be kept abut to ou raity days and mornings whes there Is a heavy dew. If the peas are obstiate about us tag the supports provided for them, give them a start up to the brush or wir, and they will case no more trouble. In order to get the geatest profit from the pps on the farm. It is 1s*8 eary to ecouarge them to cona me as muek eo the cheap feeds as poseble early tn IIfs Don't expect the hird man to work toIn hay and harvest till dark and then milk a doses ows after dark, and be very gentle about It HIeo lat beflt that way. Clver should be eut for bay whm tIn frst bioom. If left much longer than tie, the edes form and weaken the plaat. and there s also a lees, de to the shttlng of dry leaves. To seure the bighest per seat. fertility l the agge stoek ducks nad bathlng water, but this does not nw userly mean that thel mast have a• stream er lakb a whle to disort thewm te The peanut is eeoming mare Impor tact sea ll Ifor stock, empesdly It the southen staes. The J ines with the nbes atotbed are m otes ead and they make a palttabi heay hr an hinds e W Sm astek. One at the sal things b tie to en the harm Is a ed breed so bd. In a few years a nd her el. eeda f jnee r ee Jt orre, we p manyr ds~es ste the pakets at the fmoes at the rentry. the a upply sthe alma with sarsent sed beal winter er la euss of smose 16 1 wham prs.' tes ai. ey e rnm whse a few ashals ab h g& suld hare a sate In mse the sAbe egs pleat hwr sneag l aae.WL anslt ba" a a". ead ut ssee E t EVELT' 3M SrMa STATES HIS VIEWS ON ALL IM PORTANT QOUSTIONS OF DAY. Neose umeees Nee Som TrouMe. meeo and Commltte Turned Dewsm Negre Cnestants. Chiesag Aug. S-At 11:31 today sesiio of the mnateonl progressive convoatlo• was called to order and twelve mnulates later Roosevelt ap peOred at the Cololesem mad made his way to the platterm A tremendouo Swave of applause groted him and he waved his hand in acknowledgement of the greeting. The cheerlag con. tnled, the Grand Army ite mad drum Corps on the stage Joininlg i the din. The doers of the Colisum were thrown wide open during the Roose velt demonstration and the hall was filled to capecity. The Roosevelt demonstration lasted fifty-seven miutem, before Chatlrma Beeride finally secured order. At 1:48 Bevertdge tatroduced Roose. welt and the colonel began his speech. The delegateo listeed to his speech with the understanding that they must either adopt the platform subetantlally Ia consonance with his views or look elsewhere for a nominee for president. Colonel Roosevelt am setting forth his views om the negro question, spoke in part, as follows: "In the republican aetlioal conven tion hitherto there has been a large representation of the colored men all from non-republican states by virtue of taking the only form of trying to make democratle states be good. Do you see what I mean, the colored dele gates all come from states that sever cut a republican electoral vote that never elected a colored man to e4noe, where, largely owing to action pertie lpated In for forty-fiVe years by a re publican party the colored man has as a matter of fact lost all his polUtl cal rights. "So that the old policy of attempting to impose on the southern states from without a certain rule of conduct to ward the negro, has i tact broken down: and friends, I regret to say that every man who has over been to a na tional convention knows that the character of the great majority of the colored delegate from the south from those old rotten borough states was such as to reflect discredit upon the republican party and upou the race Itaf.. Thes are the consplcuous points in the Roosevelt programme: The recall of judicial decisions as t Art advocated by Roosevelt In the spring campaign and for which he was subjected to wide crltcslem. Roose. velt now advocates Its extension to apply to federal courts as well as dis trict courts. The use of the government to as slat workmen to become owners a business In which they are employed. He declares agalnst blanket revis it lons of the tarif. saying changes e should be made schedulo by schedule. A measure to reduce the high cost of living among which are suggested 4 the elimination of the middle-man. t Legislation to stop speculation which Snflates prices. The assistance of the farmer by the state and national governments, b The use of improved businees math a s. t The reclamation of arid and swamp lands. Development by the federal govern . ment of the Mississippi river as a Sdeep waterway, by the ose af the plnat * employed on the Panama esnal upon the completioa of the canal lbrtlscation of the Paaa canaal. º le passing through the canal , oaeetwise trame and the Impodtlon r of equal tolls for an ether ships of * whatever nation . Coneludlngs the Ilvincible colonel msad: "I hope we shaM win ad I be. Steove that if we ena wake the people Sto what the nfIt reall means we s shall wtn. Our came is based on the Sterwal prineiple ot rlhteouess .ew to you wme, who In yor turn. have come together to spst ya be i spent Ina the endless wmde ainst I rocn to you who fee the fature es. olute and eoadet, to you who strive In a spirit o brotherhood for the bet trment of our sation, to yoa who gird ourselves for thies reat new fst in the never ending warfare for the r good of manslnd, I any in el . ,we stuand at Artgedde, uand we battle r b the Loard.' After Ulisteing antentively for ner ly three hours to Oesoe neeosevelt the crowd brebe ess Is a paademea. S rm et applasL e ea be ended his a e markable eantributien to the grest apeebees of htery. After the adop ious of the mrert at the eemmittee on eredenusa the oeave.sten adourned at 4:11 p. m. to meet at 10s. . Wed. The esmmltteo en reslutlens went late emisa ilto tmtight to seemplete teIh dst of the ittoss. o* be dept. ad by the emenle. % The ~s-esem. oemmttee had werked an de. tl'gh Over aeeuane Nespe. sChagn Ass. 6-The esse da aof the prereI ve o alta eesuenge S a with a weB de4t a g t ever * mpr qusitno visn g o a*e io hip ee of ft-L to e..i en in the egraeve oesn, Mhe yto steed ? to 38 agnant th s .se R Is ebbedm Mat a oass atinhale pro east the goat vetso esf the segres wam vwr -ath 41111 UouwBr Sharp Pains In the Back Have yes a fame back, ash. dtg day and night? Do yom fte a sharp pan after beading orw? Whena the kid. Ssee m sore and the actio Irregulr., us Dou.'s KldtMe Pis. wehich have cured theusands A Cdlmd Cm abn T. .uts.i .b I sad they ad me a worM o get hayt never asm .d da. Wat Da'o at lb Des ta, a yL e s Doan's maln Your Liver kIs Clo d Up Thenms Tm. of sae ur Wni _ upetatn, son tsc nesenhe Mak.ag s mt at amaO. Darts was radiant over a raeoat ad. dtla to the family, ad rushed et tg seghbor. "Oh, you doat know what uwe've upstairsl" "What Is it?" "It's a new baby brother!"-sad she settled back upon her heel ad a ed her bands to watch the lefect "You don't say so! I be go g to stay?" "I guess so."-very tbought..u "Hea'. ot his things of ." Awful. A West t ad woman called the adae thon a her husband to a little baby which was trying to sleep on the poar of Its home on the opposite mide at the street. "It's lyingl on the bare boards. esnt It?" he observetod. "Yes, they haven't even planed a rug for the little chap to rest his beat on." The husband took oanother look. "And what do you thaink of that? he ejoculated. "They haven't eas paitnted thebo rds." - Younsateb (0.) Telegram. PROOF POSITIVE - 4, ..abot that sak Maum WsIrsm-What the mastw wI. 3romuum-Wh* he lesasi a-a 00 .sr hes that issuE umuas To Tb. Luat o ss .ji a bowl of Post Toasties tal assn a douse &A- or bsp . Toy i It "no~ &Mps 1w Chom l 1Ytr* -r A