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ýýý. ý" _ ºº " " " "ý.` _ýý -_-.ý-..-ý'i. .., .h". ". .. r Arat. ±-% of a "ee , drabs ladsº b^.undaegms a - "..-- __ _________- -_'ý - -r _.~_ -r i -º_rr i a "ý ý r._ýý _ý,ý\,y-fr=. rr..1=`_rrr __- --. -"-.fi rr rrr.ýý"n"C'i "--r"ý . t Ril RATES UHOED PARCEL FOST SYSTEM b esnument Goes Into Business of Transmitting Mhrcmauiwe Through the Mails. MW LAW FULLY EXPLAINED Country S1ided late Zeoeo and Units fee Perpese of Fixing Charges fea Carriage-No Package Weigh. log More Than ileven Pounds Is Mailable--Anything Properly Wrap. ped Which Will Not injure Other Mail May M Sent. By EDWARD S CLARK. With the congag of the New Year the United States government will ea ter into a new ield of enterprise the transmittal of merchandise by what is known as the parcel post. For years there has been a demand or such a system of Inexpensive rnsmittal of packages. The camps of favor and disfavor of the parcel post scheme have been about equally divided. Finally at the last sessloq of coongrees a bill was passed which will put the plan Into operation. but only it must be mid In little more than an experimental way. It is the Intention of Uncle Sam to move rather slowly to the parcel poet matter. He wants to find how popu lar it will be. how much it will cost the governmeat, and whether there In to be a proft or loss at the end of each year. If it is found that the plan is successful from the point of view of the people, which means the government also, the parcel post will be extended until finally it reaches the proportions which its proponents say they believe It is destined to as seums Zone System Explained. It is no exaggeration to say that thousands upon thousands of Inquir see have been made of the postmaster general as to just what the parcel post will mean to the people. It was the law of congrese establishing the system which made provisla for a division of the ceantry into mes and Into 35.000 units which are to be ueed as centers In describing the cir eles which mark the boundaries of the sores. There has been no clear enderstandlng. apparently, of this sone system, but really it Is a very simple matter. The accompaaylng map shows the eountry divided late sones from the unit In which Washington Is sit. nated, as the menter. Accompanying the map is a taehi showing the rate of postage per pound for parcels from Washington to plaoes within all the sou"s. Each unit conetaas an area thirty miles square. Now each unit is a center from which the soses are draws sad so every unit to the coun try no matter where It is situated will have mas draws from it trst exactly as Washingtoe has them drawn freo It Tor instance, take Keokuk, Il.. which is in a salt In the fifth some. Prom that will he draws circles e astly as they are drawn from Wash. tngtoa and they will be sumbered from Keokuk as sumber ens, Inst as they are numbered from Washington as numher one. Of eares, however. Sone Six will have a diarent go graphical positios as related to Ke -ku than it has as related to Wash iSgte , bet as the radius of the delsees draws from Keekuk In the same length as the radies of the elrles draws free Washisgton. Keokuks Seas Ix will be Just as far frem Bs meater as Washliston s eas li is. New Rates Are Pitnat It eo be sa- free this redily that the n- rat tes frem is ts pestl esr sums wi t e n the pertl rates uee 'Keksuk to Is partlesalr aes.. Mas melt Weas chesrtht yb suse agsan low at iseasseb In Mes s Ag tUo u abe &t v mo u es bAwes RATES OF POSTAGE Parcels weighing four ounes or less are mailable at the rate of one ent for each eunce or fraction of an ounce, regaress of distanme. Parcels weighing more than four ounoes are mailable at the pound rateas shown hr the folowing table, and when maled at this rate any frastlen of a peund is sensldered a ful pound. *lst zone 2d 3d 4th 5th 6th 7th 6th Wt. Leosal Zeme zone zone zone zone. zone zone zone Lbs. rate. rate. rate. rate. rate rate rate rate rate 1...0.05 0.051006 10.07 10.08 $0.09 1010 10.11 0.12 2... .06 .08 .10 .12 .14 .16 .19 .21 .24 3... .07 .11 .14 .17 .20 .23 .28 .31 .36 4... .0S .14 .18 .22 .26 .30 .37 Al AS 5... 09 .17 .22 .27 .32 .37 AS .51 .60 6... .10 .20 .26 .32 .38 .44 .55 .61 .72 7... .11 .23 .30 .37 44 .51 .64 .71 .84 8... .12 .26 .34 A2 .50 .58 .73 .81 .96 9... .13 .29 .38 A7 .56 .65 .82 .91 1.08 10... .14 .32 .42 .52 .62 .72 .91 1.01 1.20 11... .15 .35 .46 .57 .68 .79 1.00 1.11 1.32 *For a full explanation of the rates of postage in the First Zone see the Parcel Post Guide. which the zones are drawn. The rates of postage are fixed from the unit to which the sending postofice is situated, but the price to every place In say none im just the same. To il lustrate, it will cost exactly the same amount to send a parcel from Wash iagtoa to Die. Pa., that it costs to send it to Atlanta. Ga.. because rlie and Atlanta with reference to Wash. isgton are situated in the fourth sone. The rates therefore are fixed from the unit in which the postoene. is located, but they are the same from that ocee to any point in any one zone. It will be seen by reference to the table of rates of postage that it will cost more per pound to send a pack age a long distance than it does to send it a short distance. The rate in creases for a package weighing one pound at the rate of one cent for each zone. No package weighing more than 11 pounds can be sent un der the new parcel post law. It should be said right here that on the long hauls the parcel post may not be able to compete with the express companies, but that on shorter hauls it can so compete. It was the ex pressed desire of the legislators and of the postoffice oftcials that the pas eel post system should be made of particular use to personas having farm and factory products to transmit to customers. It is probable that pre duours must study the rates of poet age and the convenience of trans inittal and compare them with the cost and convenience under present methods before individually a man can determine whether he is to proat or not by the change. Thea there is an other thing to he coasidered and which only en be known deuaitely when faller regulations have hess made to specify exactly what kind of things an hae set by peael poet. It can be said in a general way that any thing can be seat which is properly wrapped and which will net tainre other mail matter with which it may com in contact. Copy Ferevge Countries. It is probable that the goverameat wil adept a means of transportatios for certain kinds of its merchandise much like these which have bees adopted in parel poat countries abroad. What the Dsglish call ham pers. basket ilbe arraagemsats. proc ably will be adopted, and as these can be kspt separate from the ordinary mas 6atteit is believed that the regulations as finally adopted will a low the sending of eggs, bhtter. dress. ed poultry. live peultry. hoaey. fruit. and other products of the country. The 11-pound limit for a sainge pack age may work at first against any very extended use of the parcel post ser sme al the articles which have been named. Of eosts, m-re weight eas be seat I it in sst In d1itreat par ets, but B* east to tat ase would he heavier heaues the is ereese per pound en a single paekage Is put neat up in 11 pseeds, and prehably it went boreeas at noa .a er rate if the goverineat wege in raise the limt of weight whish i new a10 11 maTo sist er. if wU egt m- i sead two MaIhagen ef U f in it me" to 4m1 40 - i pe i e pgoers -gent eecmay dheM mace a n ge& er single package to be carried and should charge in proportion just what it does now for one package of 11 pounds weight. Every postmaster in the United States will have a parcel post map like the one which is here reproduced except that the cone lines will be ahown with the unit of his postoflice as a center. All that a postmaster will have to do when a parcel Is pre sented for transportation is to find out Ia what sone the destination of the package lies. His table will show him Instantly the rate per pound from the unit in which his postofce lies to the sone of the packages destina tion., the price as has been explained before, to every postomce In any one aone being the same. The parcel post will take nothing but fourth-class mat. ter. Printed matter is still In the third-class designation. Therefore books cannot be sent by the parcel post system. This the postofece au thorities seem to think is in a way unjust and may work a hardship. It may he that in the future the law will be changed so as to include all print ed matter. It seems to be certain that an attempt will be made tc bring about this change as speedily as pos sible. Must Beer Stamp. Postmaster General Hitchcock has ordered that postmasters be advised that parcel post packages cannot be accepted for mailing ualess they bear a distinctive parcel post stamp and have attached to them the return sarid of the sender. A series of distinctve stamps Is now in course of prepara tion for this class of mail as required by the law creating the parcel poest system. Coasigaments of these stamps will be ready for shipmeat to all postocaes in ample time for the establishment of the new system ea New Tears day. The postecee department has gives Iastretion to every postmaster in the eovatry to enlighten his paterns as mvch as possible on the general sub. k.4t of the parcel post and especlally on the use of the special stamps and the necessary attachment of the ro turn card. The law requires that all fourth-class matter mailed s .er Jane uary 1. 1912. without parcel post stamps attached shall he treated as "Held for postagse" matter. Parcel poet packages will be mailable only at postoees. breach poetoeess. let. tered and local named stations. and sueh numbered stations as may be designated by the postmasters. it has been announced by Postmas. ter General Hitchcock that nearly 70. 0ee seaes will be required for use in the parcel post system which is to go into efect January let. He has as. eordiagly authorized the lssuanns of bids for that number. Two hundred of the largest postaodies sad their breanches will bh supplied with auto . miale sp sess saense The anst clas of emes. numbesing about 10. 50. will he gives high grade beam seals, while the her class edes. ambering aheat 25.50. will be flu ansd with the best spring halanses eb aisablhe ema having a cawselty Aer tweay pads. These skes wE be =@s by pustmastage to deterse the ammemi of psstage segmed es past p-aaes The test en of As p usteses Of us -eno ere now furnished with scales of a limited capacity makes it necessary for the postmaster general to make this very large purchase of scales capable of taking cars of the parcel post busi mess. It is uaderstood that this will be the largest single order ever placed for maales. Rate en Seeds Net Affected. It should be said that the act of congress which puts a parcel post plan late eperation does not to say way afect the postage rate on seeds, cut. tinge. bulbs, roots, scions and plants as fied by section 482 of the postal laws sad regulations. The elassifieation of articles mall able as well as the weight limit, the rates of postage, zone or sones and other coadltlons of mailability under the set of congress. it the postmaster general shall Bad on experience "that they or any of them are such as to prevent the shipment of articles de sirable, or shall permanently render the cost of the service greater than the receipts of the revenue therefrom, he is hereby authorized, subject to the consent of the Interstate commerce commission after Investigation, to re form from time to time such classifi cation, weight limit, rates, zone or zones or conditions. In order to pro mote the service to the public or to insure the receipt of revenue from such service adequate to pay the cost thereof." Through many years different mem bers of the house and senate have been Interested in promoting parcel post legislation. Among the men most active in securing the legislation which soon is to go Into effect as law are Senator Jonathan Bourne of Oregon, Representatives David J. Lewis of Maryland and William Sul zer of New York, who has just been elected governor of that stati To ascertain conditions surrounding the establishment of the parcel post system In places differing widely In size, climate and industries, Postmas ter General Hitchcock recently sum moned to Washington, to confer with the special parcel post committee, the postmasters of five typical offices. They are William H. Davis, Pittsburg. Pa.; Daniel T. Gerow. Jacksonville. Fla.; M. H. Joster. Wilmington, Del.; E. H. C. Quimby. Suffolk, Va., and Henry N. Bradley, Charlestown, W. Va. Confer With Postmasters. The postmasters of the five largest offices in the country have already appeared before the committee, so Pittsburg was represented as being a large first class once, though smaller than any of the greater ive, and as being the ceater of a tremendous man ufacturing area. The postmaster of Pittsburg reported that the board of trade of that city has a special parcel post committee. working toward bringing the consumer and producer nearer to each other by the new sys tem. He also said that many of the merchants are planning to have their edty deliveries made by parcel post. Wilmington. Del., represented a large farming and masufnatnrtng die trlit, with its mail connections close with Philadelphia, one of the largest oldness Jacksonville is the largest of Soe In Florida. and the outlet for all the mail of the state. It is peculiar in having a special Increase of force in winter, the tourist season, and the postmaster said that It was expected that travelers would use the parcel post extensively to sending home five and ten-pound packages of fruit. Suffolk, Va., and Charlestown. W. Va., are both very small second class ofeies, one in the tide-water district, with large truck interests: the other far inland in an orchard country, with diversifed farm products. The post masters of both omees reported great interest to the parcel post, and said that they had coatinual inquiries re garding Its scope. Frum these postmasters the eso mittes was able to slean a great amount at valuable tnformaltsa, which, added to that gained from the receat heariags in Maryland, pats it to a positisa to plan the detalls of the service to the greatest advasiage of the producins farmer. *oe Him Time, "You're a prety ed man to be hbg I s'," saw the lady to the ms at the back deer "Yeas Ma W seplied the man with I"sre yes beeas leah s at ew "W-Net milles s ARM IESRIl FORlEL RST Postmaster Genral ism R* ulatons -s l system WHAT MAY BE SENT BY MAIL Gives Amortean People Opportualty to Seed Farm and Factory Preduets by Mail From and to Any Point In United States. Postmaster General Hitchcock bas jast approved the regulations which cover to detail the articles which may or may not be seat by parcel post These regulations are now being turned of at the government printing oiee on a "rush order" and they will be distributed as rapidly as poesible. The rules as to what can be sent and what cannot be seat sad the In structiona for the ,reparation of mail able articles with other "official ad vice" arn gives here as they have just I been prepared by the postoce do. lpartment in Washlgtoa. The minamum rate will be ave cents t for the frst pound and three cents for each additional pound to say point not I exceeding fifty miles from the office of I mailing; the local rate, which Is Ave costa for the frst pound and one cent for additional pound, applies to all parcels the deliveryuf which does not lavolve their transportatien on rail way liNes. The rates increase for each seccessive one of the eight ones. the mauimam rate being twelve cents a pound, which will carry a parcel aersees the ecatineat or to any of our possessions. Panels will be limited to eleven peundo In weight and six feet In length and girth combined. r Mailable Perishable Articles r Butter, lard and perishable articles t such as ish, fresh meats, dressed fowls. vegetables, traits, berries and articles of a similar nature that decay r quickly, when so packed or wrapped n as to prevent damage to other mail matter, will be accepted for local de livery either at the office of mailing or on any rural route starting therefrom VWhen inclosed in an inner cover and a strong outer cover of wood, met al, heavy corrugated pasteboard or - other suitable material and wrapped so that nothing can escape from the package, they will be ac t cepted for mailing to any offices with In the first zone or within a radius of 50 miles. Butter, lard, or any greasy or oily substance Intended for deliv I ery at offices beyond the first zone t must be suitably packed. Vegetables and fruit that do not decay quickly will be accepted for mailing to any zone if packed so as to prevent dam age to other mail matter. Eggs will be accepted for local delivery when so curely packed in a basket or other container. aggs will be accepted for mailing regardless of distance when each egg to wrapped separately and packed in a container. There is no restriction on salted, dried, smoked or cured meats and other meat products, but fresh meat in aay form will be transported only within the first sone. Parnels containing perishable arti els must be marked "PURISHAIi.L," and articles likely to spoll within the time reasonably required for trans A portation and delivery will not be ac. -opied for mailing. Manufactured Articles. Manufacturers or dealers Inteading to transmit articles to considerable quantities are asked to submit to the postmaster for approval a speclmes parcel showing the manse of peck Ins. Whoa sharp polited lastruments are offered for malitag, the points must be capped or eaesed. Blades must be boaad so that they will remala at tached to each other or withis their handles or sockets. Ia' Powders, pepper, semu, or other similar powders met exploslve, or any similar pelverized dry substance, not poisoeous, may he seat when laclesed In eassa made of metal, wood or other material to reader imposslhe the a. espe of any of the conteats. Flour of all kinds must be pet up to such manser a' to prevest the package breakiag or the Doer being seattered to the malls. Ques Bese and Nursery Steek. Queen bees. live Isects, sad dried reptiles may be mailed to sacordansc with the regulations that now apply to other clases of mall. feeds of fruit. aursery stock, sad all other plant prodacts for preparatios may be mailed uader the same coe datoems. Ceofeetieeey and Seap. . cae* , confectionery, Ye" -akes. soap In hard eskes. etc., must e las closed I bhsos and so wrapped is to prevent lajury to other mail mat ter. Sealed original peekages of propel. etary articles, such as soaps, tobacco, pIlls tablets, ete-, pet up to b*ed qusatities by the uasutoeturer, sad sot to themelves unamltlMe, wil be seaepted har maillag when property wrapped MMMlery. Fragile artlese, sash as munsery. tos masedal lastrumeats, etc., and am Udes seeustlag whllye or i part of glass, or estasd to glees, mud be nseardy pashes ad the pare- stamp} ed or labeled "FRAGEMUA unmenash Moths,. The hpswles maoter it dselared ma ammablse t law: !Mamer mstly ethbsia lewd, ar etiwms; aWslads kiwss har par eeksu gu -seese Seeded for Indecent or immoral purposes; aN matter otherwise mailable by law, the outside cover or wrapper of which bears and dellneation or language of a lIbelous. scurriloums deefmatory, or threatealag character. AU such mat. ter. when deposited in a poet odes or found in the malls, shall be withdrawn aad seat to the divimlosm of dead lea tera itaSdemets, Peleens and Saftemmebie Materials. splrttuous, vinsus, malted, formeab ed, or other intoxicating iqaure of way kid: poisons of every kiad, and arti eles and compositions contaaning poi sou. pousoeous animals. insects and reptiles; explosives of every kind; is. flammable materials (which are held to Inclade matches, kerosene oil. gaso line, naphtha. beaatas, turpeatine. de satured alcohol. te.). Internal ma chines, and mechanical, chemical or other devices or compositions which may ignite of explode; disease germs or scabs, and other natural or artifi etal articles, compositions or mate rtals of whatever kind which may kill, or In any wise Injure another or damage the mail or other property. Pistols, Animal. and Sirds. Pistols or revolvers, whether In do tached parts or otherwise; live or dead and not stuffed) animals, birds, or poultry, except as elsewhere pro vided; raw hides or pelts, guano, or any article having a bad odor will not be admitted to the malls. Treatment of Undeliverable Pereels Perishable matter will be delivered as promptly as possible, but it such matter can not be delivered nad be comes offensive and Injurious to health, postmasters may destroy It, or the Injurious or offensive portions thereof. Undeliverable perishable mattes which In Its nature does not become ofeasive or injurious to health may be delivered by postmasters to the proper local mualcipal authority to be distributed to hospitals. asylums or other charitable or reformatory Insti tutions. If there is so such municipal asthority. the matter may be deliver ad to any charitable Institution or or' ganlsation making application there. for. If so applicstion I. made, the matter will be destroyed at the en piration of two weeks. Pareel. Improperly Packed. Postmasters will refuse to receive for mailing parcels not properly In dorsed or packed for safe shipment. When parcels on which the postage Is wholly unpaid or insuclently pre paid Is deposited for local delivery and the sender Is unknown, notice of detention need not be seat but such matter will be delivered and the defi cient postage collected from the ad dressee by the carrier. If the ad dresses refuses to pay the postage the matter will he sent to the Di vision of Dead Letters. Insurance on Parcels. A mailable parcel on which the postage Is fully prepaid may be in. eared against loom in an amount equiv. aleat to its actual value, but not to exceed $50. on payment of a fee of tea cents in parcel poet stamps, such stamps to be affxed. When a parcel is Insured, the ass der will be given a receipt showing the ofce and date of mailing and number of the parcel. When a return receipt is desired by the sender of an Insured parcel the postmaster at the mailing ofce will note the request on the margin of the insurance tag, and the postmaster at the ofee of address will obtain from the addressee a receipt and mali it to the sender. The liability for indemnity shall cease when delivery has been effect. Forwarding of Parcels. Parcels may be remalled or for warded on the payment of additional postage at the rate which would be chargeable if they were originally manled at the forwarding ofes, ti which case the aecessary stamps will he afxed by the forwarding postman ter. Payment must be made every time the parcel is forwarded. Preperatlee fer Mailing. Parcels mast be prepared for math tag in such manner that the conteats can he easily examined. A parcel will not be accepted for mailing unless it bears the same and address of the sender preceded by the word 'Tres.' In addition to the same and address of the sender, which Is required, it will he permissible to write or print on the covering of a parcel. er on a tag or label attached to it. the ocesa patios of the sender, and to indicate in a small space by means of marks. letters, numbers, names or ether brief desecrptioe. the charaoter of the par eel. bet ample space must be left on the address side for the full address in legible characters and for the as aenary postage stamps. Inscriptions ssee as "Merry Christmas." "Please do act open until Christmas." "Happy New Tear." "With best wishes." and the like, may be placed on the ever lag of the parcel in seek manner as not to laterfere with the address. Dislaative enmps. The law requires that the postage as all matter must be prepaid by distinctive par-el post stamps aised. Postmasters cannot resolve tsr mal ing parces that do ant beer usch Parcel peat stamps am net voed br the payment of postage as matter ot the liet. sesend. and thrd abeamss and whoa used for that perpese. the matter to whioh they are aezed heB be treaded as "Held ter s eapss saps and Itdss. Pared pest maps with acssmpewya tag guides are to be sed to the peb Ne at their eet. T5 easta theem the dof esark of t post ease dspesm$ meet. e earumetg masps ee dhem be tahes to speeIr h peat wiles Nssm ubtab ths pealm~ mbs ell Ill ha dinin~a R.ES 0F UlT r that Are Uhatei WW west of Euglai. Peled at Whlch IWe Wee WoeS6pgs roted *im the Maiulsed Mugu be Par aeyeed the Reash o1 History. Leadi-P Ople sometimes aggly th tor Lyoneese to the whole o1 Corawae, whihb Is a mistake. If there ever was eob a land at al it Iy weset ward 01 Corawall, and the golly sles are Its robes. The name of Arthur plays like a lambent light about the district; but the period at which the Scilles were sepaarted from the maliland must be far beyoed the reach of history, which In Eaglasd ema only esplere about two thoesand years backward. The Lyonesse of romance extended to the southwest of Land's End, and was connected In rase sad legend with the Leon of Brittasy. As a matter 01 geology the traditios has no maaeleagry basis, though there are traees 01 submerged forests Ia Mount's Say. and the old Cornish name 0f 13. Michael'e Mount repo. seats that reek as having onse steed to the weiter 01 woodland. Ia reality the elatds are the last upheavals of that beekbage of granite which Is se Impresosve eas Dartmoor and whiok agala somes tate notice on the Sod mile Mooes. True. ocean depths do sot begin tiD be beyond the Islands, is that In be relation to the greet ahb. marine pladurm lcilly may be emt sldered sreeturally attached to Bit.. ala, as toMala is to the Ciatiaest. bome pestgs. of the vanished eglies may have inrvlved. adjoliage the meste 01 Mouat's Day, till the year 10os, whes, aecording to the lases ebroasle. EIuaasee was destroyed Ia a great tempest. Wheo we come to the gesulne bls tory of golly there are some Interest. lug thing. to notice. The Islands seem to have bhos used as a penal settle. mont In Reman times; and li the sixth century they gave a home to the Welch It. damson. who hecame blab. op of Del. sad who has left footprints in Guerasey as well as In Dievos and Cornwall. The Isle of Samson Is now uninhabited, but it may have had a fairly large population when the salat established an oratory here; there are many traces of early nccupation. To many It is still more Interesetiag s the home of Walter Beaats' Amorel. Barly It the teeth century Atheistaa made a conquering expedition through Corawall, and is said to have spied the Is les from the high land at lt. Suryan-the day must have been us eommonly clear. He vowed to build a churob on the spot where he steed i lypled Redlly Farm Hoes. ho retuse salely from their - qesL. Psebahy he mat with little so lasami. ea.the leeds, whor e oIs uposeod to hew. foeuded Trues Ab. hMw. Later, Is the same esetary, a ecllbeal had the credit of 0o0,t* la the see" Kiss Olaf of Norway. After harrylfh the conas of Dritia sad Irelaad Clef .Ishted the beils sad rea his vessel late what is saw the bhaber of BI. Maryq. A hoarm here qure him timely waratgs e $ mader that wae sheet to take cles emosg has twe reeps; ho ereehod the metd, bat was seurely weeded. Carried to the mnseaaterT at Tue.º he was thee eaed tate heaMlh ead Chleatlatty. eseasatlas to iwe* haptimm. PLAN TO L.WER LIVING COST Cobembus Dramatoe say Autes of Pdatuest Welid HeIp So New Teok.-The esteh*lim** of alty masbota at whitch foed gseress shal be s.ed by aentos to setalhas sead e.emews is the remed lar t e high seat of UlevS proposed by sA@ mitt* o. Oa mbhs stade sd sto atas whick hes beee ma gts as esteman osquri late the sehsct. TWO s s, the eammaiee hsbealees. is O heatl meuse of eaatis dows easmomunay Wseas ho slhstieo, as 00 Wa4h do awae w*th settrs. "art -wf SD netºMswslt * P,* * Pita sre. dsashter of a a Pi. - a ho os boms hay. wseewd is mNWs her des A eab t - t a asse ma mma T"ge the -w whoe ýangg w w'.