Newspaper Page Text
PW KNEW "IM.
"The doctor Is keepjm .d Skinem s -ough down." "Yes, and after he ha. <ur.ed him bell have to give him -.mithing to aske him cough up." SCALES ON BABY'S HEAD 110 East Washington st, Portland, Ore.-"When my brother was one moith old a layer of scales or scabs Segan to form on the top of his head. The trouble began as a rash. The ecales Increased until several layers thish. The crust was thk k and yellow sad looked to be all in one piece, but c-me of in large scales His hair eame out In bunches and baby became almost bald. His scalp itt'hed and burned so badly as to mak" him cross and fretful. "We used every remedy recommeud ad by our friends without success. Thea we started with the sample of Cuticura Soap and OIntment, wash. lag his head good with the Cuticula Soap and then applying the Cuticula Olatment. Before they were used up we could see an improvement In his eomditioa and bought some more. The scales looseued and came of easily. Ia ahout two months after we started to use Cuticura Soap and Ointment the scales had entirely disappeared and his hair started to come in thick* ly. Cuticura Soap and tOintment of. fected A complete cure " (Signed) Miss =Il Ehrlich, Mar. II. 1912. Ceticara Soap and Ointment sold threugbout the world. Sample of each few with 12-p. Skin Book. Address goeteard "Cuticura, Dept. L4 Boston." Adv. Neat Knock. Hobey Baker, the lo-itl.ill Star. was lunching In his nttit. PhI'tIiadl.Iphia. A young girl, ov.r hlir quier alliga for pear salad. ntuttntio d the name *t a Princeton sotphomore A ho had slayed rather badly on hil claps team. "He is an awfully nice boy." she SaMd. "What was it he play)Od on the eleven, Mr. Ilaker -halthank, quarter back, fullback ?" 'lb. handsome and hi reulean "Ho. her smiled. 1 think be played drawback." he 'flaking Made Almost Automatio Orierne has done may iv 1An hrful things ' the way of light' nitg itt I on-work, but possibly the no. t awi.tnw of Its cat aohievemrnoi tu. it- t'n trop.rtion of a Mltj wder that nal. a baking almost automatic. This wand rfit Ii iiu wi !r Is known es Calimet ltdlhiit; I, As you perhaps I to... fit-m viiur own eaperlenr -haltng it ii I a tittir of luck." If your halui 1. i..tr happens tobe Just rlgint, your wiit ill .." Kgid. But ilt vanrs In qui it'' iito atr. ngth s an many baking t. " 0 i str bak are more thu,. II i, to bt ilnid. It itking I t r ti, t- a atop to the dependence. . ik "With It. all *ulkly-raiseld food,. i, imi tit b without the sgiteat truibt i, I."tire and : hSeome ond . it . ..h.it Itself b pure In the can ann I at. t hg-and er unIform In qul. ni ir. fillry Are Bamrd, that tailyre' ". it . .the boi. wan Judgi of Its troi". when you Id knew that it has I. , . i., - hihest awards at Iwo N'. r'. t" i 1t .il Otapo tltons--one at ct- c * nd "i sood the Siker at Pasrts. l'*.11,t-. :.. t Mtirith. Adv. DeCeC, ed. Unfbrtunately tli-- girl in the boat with imgs when he roe tiad the boat did tknow bow to n - ." . '¶rot was unforto~nat.' 'O hIs. yes. You at-d , she clawed imt ader the surface and stood on i n aen to keep hir t iad above wY. b stan _ -Mthr h ie ca re fuly F etvery bottle or CA pOtA. ar aie and aure remedy foe 3asMme theboln snck A te Wam ocrevQuns s Qua Per Over 30 Years. ~ilhil GCy for Fk.tcher'a Castoria A pnosty girl will turtn a tnos headn i ipilo the boll on tit neck. fOllY JUDNEY PIlLS' di Ulaa in Curastve Qualutis Z&KOs. CSSEUMATISM. 1a LY LaoULADOCK The Army of e im HII °V Sawi 011111 Sa 111 Itk" u WE KNOW BY CALENDAR 90'zzi or MAWASE y seDAR ELLSWORTH OWEN. UCORDS of the light of time were ia a sorry muddle la the early ages. Toe accept as a mat ter of tact the ar rival of Ne w Tear's day and it never ocn curs to you that there might not be a new year, nor any year, and even if the year did have a sys tematic plan it might open up it the early spring time, or late in fall, or some other time of the ywar as we know it now. Little more than twenty centu ries of the earth's annual celestial tours have been tallied with the year as the unit of time. This innovatica is credited to Eratosthenes, mathe matician and philosopher, who held a job as librarian for one of the Ptol emys at Alexandria about 254 years before Christ. Eratostheanes no doubt found delight in devising a system by which future ages could eat their meals end go to bed and get up again without having to first run out into the yard to see where the sun or moon or some starry constellation might chance to be. We all know that the year is the period in which the sun makes a com plete circuit of the heavens and re turns to the point in the aodlac whence it started, but we never stop to question how or why. It is enough for us that calendars and almanacs are thrown our way for the asking. wherein we find each day of the month and of the year carefully num bered. Our years are of the Christian era and extend from January 1 to Decem her 31. This era was first used by Dionysius Exigus in A. D. 633. It was more than a thousand years before the year was begun on January 1 by many nations. Before the days of Eratosthenes there seems to have been no crying demand for a precise plan of counting time. In one city the reckoning was by a succession of kings. In another by a succession of magistrates or priests. Even after the adoption in European countries of the Christian era there were so many methods of dating-national, provin cial and ecclesiastical-that only con fusion could result. Mythology long had held a higher place than astron emy. Peoples of Rgypt and Babylonia are said to have been wiser than those of other nations that figure In the cen turies following them. Sages of those olden times were familiar with the heavens, but the Greeks who followed them could not calculate the advent of their moons in conjunction with the sun. The Hebrews before going down into Egypt and the Arabians before the time of Mohammed calcu lated time only by the moon. They agured 12 lunations or 354 days as the duration of the year. On that besis the New Year's day returned to the same season once in 33 years. Moses is said to have obtained all of his chronological know eidge from the Egyptians who learned the length of the tropical year by observing the rising of Siinus, the dogctar. Some troubles of the Jews in keep ina their calendar straight are told in the Jewish encyclopedia. In early times an extra month was thrown in every two or three years. Calcula tions of the relative length of the solar and lunar years were handed down by traditions in the patriarchlal family. It was possible also to judge by the grain harvest. If the month of Nisan arrived and the sun was so far from the vernal equinox that it could not reach it by the 14th of the month, the month was not called Ni san, but Adar Shesi (seeond). The country people and the inhab itants of Babylonia were Informed of the beginning of the month by Are signals, carried from station to sta tion in the mountain country. "Under the patriarchate of Rabbi Judah L," says the Jewish encyclo pedia. "the Samaritans, in order to con fuse the Jews, set Sre signals at tm proper times and thus caused the Jews to fall into error with regard to the day of the new moon. Rabbi Judah accordingly abolished the fire signals and employed messengers." The Jewish calendar reckons the days from evening to evening in ac cordance with the order observed In the biblical account of the creation. The Jewish cycle In nineteen years exeses the Gregorian by 2 hours, S maintes and 15.2 seconds. This makes a difersaee In a hundred cycles (1.l44 years) of 4 days, 21 hours. 45 ainutes and 5 seconds. The assumed duration of the solar year Is 6 mia ates s 25567 seeeads in eamess of the true astrememiaal vales, which wiD -aw the dates of the commeesmeat of ietere Jewsie years. that are so ealSati. in advbaes trem the eqs o sx a day In Srerr in 214 years. AR Masepsa seesutries borrowed a4S ealeadurs e bes esme. The year bemn wih Maren and that as weants fe the remset sasmes of the Ins t bur sdeyts 4 " year. In the rain of Mtrfns mesasU-ss a-d. ol. JSeasay at oh 25e ba mebe ad - rtary at the end. Is 642 B. C. Feb meary was given its present place. At that time the months had twenty-lnne and thirty days alternately, so that the year had 245 days; to make this more fortunate under the old super stitlo. that "luek lies in odd nuow bess," one day was added. The moos mskes a revolution In about twenty. 0ine and one-half days and twelve In nations form a period of 354 days. To get the civil calendar even with the solar year Numa ordered an addition al month to be inserted every second year between the 23rd and 24th of February, consisting of twenty-two and twenty-three days alternately. Thus four years contained 1.465 days and the mean length of the year was 166% days. This was one day too much. From an effort to adjust matt ters more confusion resulted. Politicians of that day were no less prone to manipulate affairs to their own advantage than they are today. Every third period of eight years was to contain only three intercalary months Instead of four. This would reduce the mean length of tL.i year to 365% days, but the care of the calee dar was left with certain oflielals with discretion to intercalate more or few er days. To prolong the terms of of flee or to hasten elections the ques tion of the calendar was Ignored. When Julius Caesar came Into power he found the civil equinox differed frem the astronomical by three months. Winter months had been car. ried back Into autumn and autuma into summer. Sostgenes, an old mathematician who was more familiar with the stars than any man of Jals time, came to Caesar's rescue and devised a plan to put an end to the disorder. The civil year was regulated entirely by the sun and was fixed at 365% days. the quarter day being added to each fourth year as we have It now. The original plan was to have thirty-one days each for the first, third, fifth. seventh, ninth and eleventh months and the other months thirty, except February, which was to have twenty. *' Janue won immortal fame while serving as janitor of heaven and at the same time guardian of gates and doors on earth. He presided over the beginning of everything and It was natural that the first month should be called In his honor. nine on common years and thirty each fourth year. This would have been so much more simple that had It been kept we no Coubt would want to glve thanks to Caesar. But then came that other Caesar and spoiled it all. July had been named for Julius and Augus tus insisted the month to bear his own name must have as many days as July. One day was taken from February and added to August to gratify the vanity of this ruler. When the Julian calendar was In. troduced the equinox fell on the 25th of March. In the course of a few cen turies it changed. The error in time amounted to a day in 128 years. In 1582 Pope Grrgory XIII. abolished the Julian calendar in all Catholic coun* tries and introduced the one now in use. At that time the equinox had slipped back to March 11. Ten days were dropped from the calendar. Every one hundredth year that by the old style would be a leap year was to be a common year, the fourth century divisible by four excepted; 1600 was to be a leap year. but 1700. 1800, 1900 of the common lengjh. and 2000 a leap year again. Some countries were slow to accept this method, but Russia is the only Christian country that does not follow IL Although for many centuries there was so great variety in the selection of the day regarded as the first of the year, religions observances and festive rejoicing were general among all peo pies-Egyptians, Jews. Chinese, R3. mans and Mohammedans. Solemn in. auguratioa of the new year was one of the customs retained upon the as tablishment of Christianity. The date ranged from Christmas to Easter an til late In the sixteenth century. Finally the date was accepted that had been samed by Nams, who also had named the month in honor of Jam, the two4aeed, who was thas supposed to tarn at cace back upon the ld year sad beward to the new. Peastlag sad the laterchange of presents have bse eastomary In all ages as fAr as ean be learned from reeseds o eelebratioes of this day. Wishing a Happy New Year has been a eastoee as OM as satimeity, bet IN as beg. It may aever Brow sa old a te be at of baer-chage rseasei assets ! SELEC'TDS OF THE HFAý4P' NEB (1 REQUIRES UOST CMIEFUL ISUSIATION Futuw Huami uii adwimg at~ c~oru wd ThiOu and Goat Judgment at Matim Perled--S TmaI te $e usm Two Utters in Se Twº K Cwe is Euludn Grangd Chemmpbee Improved C sp WMr Uoa 1. Careful consideration must be exers claed when selecting a boar for a herd of mows. The future usefalnes. sad development of his offspring requires thought and good Judgment at the mating period, says R. H. Stone Is National Stockman. We cannot af ford to use a scrub or a pedigreed runt under any consideration. Re. member there are about 2,006 pigs in the frst ten generations, and it is esseatial to develop them along pm Stable lines. One day spent at mat lag period, regardless of distances, to And a good pure-bred boar will oh viate a year of disappointment. A Utter of eight good pigs from a pure-bred boar mated with a choice sow will require less feed, and whea grown will produce 50 ponds of meat per pig more than scrubby ones. thus making 400 pounds of additional meat without additional expense. Our experience shows that a mow that grows eight pigs to maturity twice a year Is a more profitable sow than one that produces more pigs and falls to develop them. Usually the sow has suffcient milk for eight, and when they are allowed to suckle six to eight weeks the pigs are in prime condition to wean with out having any setback. The mow can generally be bred successfully on the third day after weaning, and it is no trouble to have her produce two lit ters per year if you give her the proper attention. Watch her on the AVERAGE 9UALITY OF OUR HORSES Mare Owners Should Appreciate Value of Pure-Bred Stal lions in Breeding. t'y C W. MCAMPiELL, Kansas) Improvement in the average quality of our horses rests with the mare own ers and the sooner they come to real tie and appreciate the value of. and to demand the services of. good, sound. pure-bred stallions, the more certainly and rapidly iill the general average of our horses be improved. It is the Intensified Inheritance resulting from many generations of breeding the best to the best, using no outcrosses. and always with the same ideal and pur pose in mind. that enable the pure bred" to stamp his characters upon his offsprings. The "grade" with two. three or four toperosses lacks this In tensified inheritance of characters and his diversified Inheritance precludes his use as a sire. These are facts, not theories. Practical illuastrations may be seen on every band it we will sim ply allow ourselves to see them As an illustration, at a recent farm sale. colts rising trree. uniform in quality. ready to do considerable work the coming season, sold at an average of $76 a bead. Colts rising two, averaged $46 The sires of these colts were or dinary grade stallions whose service fees ranged from =8 to $9. Wesalings from the same mares but from a very excellent pure-bred stallion standing for $15. sold for $101. this being $25 per head more than rising three year olds brought. due entirely to the In fluence of a good. sound. pure-bred sire. The service of a grade or scrub stallion is expensive even if given free of charge. On the other hand, do not breed to a stallion simply because he happens to be registered. Bteware of stallions that are heredi tarily unsound, for it is lust as un profitable to raise unsound horses as it is to raise scrub horses. You may ask what is meant when certain en soundnesses are designated as heredi tary. It means that such unsound nesses are due primarily to a weak mees of the part Involved and that this weakness may be is the form of one or all of the following conditions: poor coaformation. poer quality of tiesse. or an indiferent quality of timsse. Grease is Rabbit.Repeslant. It is sot advisable to put ale grase on fralt trees in order to prevent rabbits and rodents from guawing them. A little grease might sot do amy damaes while too much might tature the trees. Where the allmate permits some gree am stich as oats, rye or w at will tempt the ra hits. The tres s n saee be pgseoated by wrapplag am wit eim poper. Sia begges sragenes tweatyArst day after breeding, sad it meessmary term her with the basr again. The popularity of the bear'.s a easter. om both the paternal and the maternal aide, their ability to repro deee good specdmenta for generations, coupled with good individuality ef the breed represeated, make hie value. He mast be a stries, vigoreus fellow. active, of good slae ead good dlapoeition. Pay a price he is worth to you. aged Is your herd. Any boar ia high priced regardless of what you pay for him if he cansot make good en a buasiaeas basis from a breeder's standpolat. High-priced bears with popular acestry In the pedigrees must oes pemeate their owners by produeeag for them pigs saperior to former gse erations. A bear may be sure breeder for one perseon, and prove a total fallure the way another man might feed and care for him. Never allow him to run at large with the sows. Have an individual pen and yard for him. A good herdsman appreciates his wants at least six months ahead ot time. It is poor policy to deter buyiag until you want a boar for immediate use, and then take what you can get. When you know you must renew be on the lookout for a few months ahead, and then you can buy one to your satisfaction, both as to price and individuality. FEEDING SHEEP DURING WINTER Value of Regularity in Care ol Animals Demonstrated by Experiments. Sheep should be fed regularly to the winter. In fact, as much depends on the regularity of feeding as on the feeding itself. Those who are famil iar with the characteristics of sheep know that they always become rest. less about feeding time. The value of regular feeding has been demonstrated by experiments with two flocks, at a certain western agricultural experiment station. One was fed daily at six o'clock In the morning and again in the evennag, while the other was fed at diferent times during the day. The result was that the flock fed regularly turned out in a thrifty condition in the fol lowing spring. while the others were thin and sickly. Many of the latter lock had died during the winter, fully eight per cent. of the lambe had either died at birth or made only a stunted growth. By feeding at a set time every morning and evening better reselts will be at. tamed. The essentials in the winter care of sheep are regular feeding. plenty of water and salt and rough. PLANTING FRUIT SEEOS IN FALL WE Freeze Sufficiently During Winter to Cause Them to Sprout in Spring. eBy W. L HOWARD.) Large seeds like peache sad plums may be planted In the fall, and they will treese snuclently during the win ter to cause them to sprout readily in the spring. Small seeds like the apps, grape, etc., should be mined with sand in the fall or early wiater, sad placed in a shallow, opea box. The ben should be set flat on the ground en the north side of a building where M will keep moist and remaia there aN winter to frease and thaw as often as it will. The contents of the ben should sever be allowed to dry eat Very early in the spring. Just as sees as the soil in the garden will do is work, the seeds should be pleated is rows and covered very lightly. The seeds may be separated kerm the sand with a sieve, but this L unne*s* sery. as sand and all may be sews is the row. Take aare that the seeds is not hacme dry balms they are plasa *d Agsaab *e*d baeis growins .tr early, so that -are mset be taben in get them in the grean bobae wo tas begin rmGI.J YUYou &mabs Duke's Mitwrd atee we U R yen ahbut the boy and his air sie, we won yen It hbar about LA40s 4 Mume Duke's loture -the tubsees that thoasema ot wren flut "jost right" I. . pipe-4he sbase. t'at n usks "safliag" popular Thixs wvete tabsee. is ke od Virginia and North Cashes bright lea that bhs been thereoghly aged, stedmsl-and then gramatted. It has the true tobsees tae, for the very lapis reason that It is lW tobaees. N.MhlsSauuO1.tsaDabS's Mintus... It hmowaZLpgiS NIp.. bader, au is easeqmad i. qualty. laevwy Ac sack thaw bass awd a. se r cfm spibmaid becase-at with sach sack yes et a book d estinette papes r-d qt 0sctH.ArRe a i ..s . iisss Los. ?i. oas a r~e m e.db i Set wk satiats-senat i shoote every smeber od the mebal. THere ase ebbts. sleds. balk sad bats, eameass was baie, wtehes. eahule pas. ips, spen sham%, .te., d. Assa spu eesldw*, 5* ear7 ow/ Beawry w wamsaw/ pore useer wa**r medrasst puss o Mss PRZE. Just seed es yeam ms s*d addss a apostal. Preaems Dept. 4~r~4UMa~ ae~N. hi __ AN EYE TO SPARE. P ther-De careful how you shoot that arrow this way. You'll put ou my eye and then I can't write an) con martle (as he kept oa shooting) Why, can't you write with one eye? Lucky Star. "This Is the third time you have hees here for food." said the woman at the kitchen door to the tramp "Are you always out of work?" "Tream." replied the itisersat "I guess I was born under a lucky star. DR. J. H. RINDLAUS (Speciallet). Eye, Ear, Noes and Threat Farge N. D. Bachelors are "womeng rights. and widowers are women'. lefts. IM. Wladew'a seathtag Syir'p se IMim. ts.etea.s.m.eum ls w m. rdev.es ledamm. Useaaaapae.eeweewmmtb.Kisbm eamebs It takes a smart man to onaceal his LesasTrsculeasssedig Weces.punmimsabs Io at leat goo 6od mseethids Apekal teaching may hs all yone Spend ems 6ýsaýi ans. man type of gas tacto C at free t oour as ofmgs cesent mina. Weicome fial who - equip wsi.Mtmor dae..Incariesesad fshemaiim.. bI aems hes Thkelsh1 aPls heLeAwome I bsa .b. W. N. U% FARRO, NO. e-Ws. AKfOTA USINESS LLEGE DMBC 'ALl ERTA SEF C"o -Z0U Mie3puhm~m it eFaijon Drectw7y a. . VeilI tea --Waeeeleae. .ter. EAOT W ILIIU MN Wa Pay IIO ust Gas Prtsu Fupe Turnery Mhs