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MOST SERIOUS PEST Small» Slender Willie Grubs Infest Stalks of Corn and Cause Young; Plants to Wither. —By R. L, Webster. V i r ?lr ■ IITTi' \ f !3 6 F 9 Fig. 1. Root Worm En larged. Fig. 2. Beetle. The corn root-worms are undoubted ly the most serious insect pests with which the Iowa corn grower has to contend. The presence of root-worms In a field is usually indicated by a Withering of the young plants, the failure to produce well developed ears, or a general retarding of the growth without any visible cause. A Eearch among the roots of such stalks may bring to notice the tiny root Worms. The root-worms themselves are Email, slender white grubs, about half un inch long when they are full grown. Infested stalks of corn may be pulled out easily and will break off at the place where the root-worms are nt work, leaving the greater part of the roots in the soil. Frequently stalks infested by the root-worm are blown to the ground by the wind, the root system having been so cut off that the stalks cannot stand the strain. Bowman and Crossley have shown how a continu ous cropping of corn on the same ground will very soon increase the number of root-worms to an alarming Y —«a Fig. 3. Southern Corn Root-Worm, a, Beetle; b, Egg; c, Root-Worm; d, Anal Segment of Larva; e, Work of Root-Worm at Base of Corn Stalk; f, Pupa. All Enlarged Except e, Which Is Reduced. extent, and consequently decrease the yield. Preventive measures. Rotation of crops is the most effectual preventive of root-worms. The beetles of the root-worms usually deposit their eggs in the old infested fields. By changing the corn from such a field to another which was not in corn the preceding year, these eggs are left behind. There are two kinds of these worms; the "northern corn worm" and the "southern corn root-worm." Rince the habits of the two are very different in some essential points, a few further remarks concerning them are given below. The two are easi ly distinguished in the beetle stage, when they are commonly found on the corn silk in the fall. The northern form of the root-worm in its adult stage is a plain grass green beetle, about one-fifth of an inch long. In the fall these small green beetles are common objects on the f-ilk of the corn and the flowers of the golden-rod. The spotted beetle of the southern corn root-worm is fre çuently found along with the plain green beetle. The beetles deposit their tiny eggs in the soil near the stalks of corn. The uext year these eggs hatch out young root-worms which begin to at tack the corn almost as soon as it is out of the ground. Throughout the the summer these northern corn root worms arc at work on the roots, until the worms become full grown in the late summer. When they become ma ture they transform to the pupa, or resting stage, in which stage they tpend a short time. Finally the plain green beetle emerges from this pupa. The beetles then deposit their eggs lor another crop of root-worms for the next year! As far ,as it is known there is but one breed of this form in a season. The beetle of the southern root worm is green, with 12 black spots on its back. On this account ol' it may be easily distinguished from the other form. It is also somewhat larger than the plain green beetle, measuring about a quarter of an inch long. The black spots are in three rows across j the back of the bettle, each row with four spots. Usually these beetles are found along with the plain green beetles on the silks of the corn, but they are not so common. The black spotted bettles are found not only in the fall, but all through the season from early spring as well. There seems to be at lc-ast two broods of them during the year. The life history of the southern corn root-worm is similar to that of the northern form, except that it is passed through in a much shorter time. In the corn fields the eggs are deposited in thu ground near the stalks. Corn is practically the only fooa plant of the northern root-worm. It is rarely found in sorghum. On the other hand, the southern root-worms have been found in wheat, rye, millet, and other grasses. The northern form does more injury to corn, although during last year the beetles of the southern form were extremely com mon in Iowa. Since the northern corn root-worm has practically only one food plant, corn, in its grub stage, there need be no especial difficulty in avoiding its ravages. A mere change of crops will bring relief. With the southern form the problem is more difficult, but it is usually not the southern root-worm which does the really serious damage in this state. Where either the plain green beetle or the black spotted one were seen in very large numbers feeding on the silks of the corn last fall, it is an in dication that a corn field on the same piece of ground will be infested with the root-worms this year. Those fields should be planted to some other crop than corn, and the corn put on a dif ferent field. Where a proper rota tion of crops is put into effect there need be little trouble with these root worms. Striped Beetles. Look out for the striped beetles. They often attack and destroy melons and cucumbers as fast as the plants appear above the ground. An applica tion of wood ashes, air-slaked lime or gypsum, tainted with kerosene or tur pentine or carbolic acid, will help to drive them away. If you have only a few plants, you can easily protect each hill by erecting a mosquito net ting guard over it until the plants be gin to run. Sugar Beets. Last year was a banner year for sugar beats, but the estimate Is made by tl»e United States Department of Agriculture that the present year •will eclipse all past records, as it is ex pected that over half a million short tons ol beet sugar will be made. BOTH FOND OF LITTLE ONES. Liking for Children Is a Trait That Admiral and Mrs. Dewey Have in Common. One of the most pleasant traits of character which distinguish both Ad miral Dewey and his wife is their love of children. A pretty book could be written on the admiral's boy friends. A remarkable thing is, however en thusiastic the small boys are over the hero of Manila, as soon as they get to know Mrs. Dewey well thoy transfer their allegiance. The admiral good naturedly does not resent this rivalry. One of his closest churns in recent years was his next-door .neighbor, Charlie Taft, younger son of the presi dent. Charlie was so impressed with living so near Admiral Dewey that he confided to him his wish to enter the navy. He had little regard for the land defense, though his father was its executive head. He would drop in casually almost every day, and when the admiral went for a drive he would invariably be out in front to give him an adoring glance. On some red-letter days, he went behind the flying Vir ginia horses and drank in the joys of living. But he soon began to seek Mrs. Dewey and to confide in her also. When the Taft household was dis banded last June and the household goods scattered it was to Mrs. Dewey he confided all his treasured collec tions of pictures and flags and tags and medals. His soul revolted at the thought of their going to a mere storage house. When Charlie came back from school on the memorable occasion when his father was inaugu rated president one of his first visits ^•as to Mrs. Dewey. TOOK ALL FUN IN GOOD PART. Pleasantries of the Gridiron Club Ap preciated by Both Roosevelt and Morgan. When Mark Hanna came to Wash ington as the new Napoleon of Repub lican politics there was some doubt as to how he, as a sucessful and some what arrogant man of business, would accept the rubbing which the (Grid iron) club would be disposed to give him, says a Washington letter in the Boston Transcript. He instantly fell in with the organization and until the day of his death practically never missed a Gridiron dinner. Its famous quartet, by his own request, sang at his funeral. J. P. Morgan is another man for whom a special dinner was planned on the occasion of his first visit. The leading act of the evening represented a New York broker's of fice in which the sign over the door read "Booster & Busters." In the dia logue Mr. Morgan himself was in vari ably referred to as the old man. Some discussion turned to a surmise as to who should be the next j;resident, and after several New Yorkers had in quired "president of what?" expressing their doubt as to whether there was any such officer to be selected, one of them asked who was president now, to which the cockney who affected to hold Mr. Morgan's interests in his keeping, replied: "I don't know what his name is, but I know it is somebody who is not wholly satisfactory to the okl man"—an allusion which pleased Mr. Roosevelt, who was present, quite as much as Mr. Morgan himself. "Vine Day" in Washington. The public schools in Washington have just observed what is called "vine day" for the first time. It came about through the inspiration of Miss Susan B. Sipe, instructor of botany in the Washington Normal school, who proposed such action, "to beautify all back fences that abutted on the streets, and on those alleys which are generally used as thoroughfares, by having vines of different kinds plant ed on either side." The project was promptly indorsed by the local board of education. The climate of the cap ital city is well adapted to promote the growing of vines. Mrs. Taft an Ardent Lover of Music. One day the women visitors to the White House had a treat in a "peep" into the executive dining room. They had opportunity to observe presiden tial methods of arranging the luncheon table; instead of the old-fashioned cloth there were many little doilies at the round table—the ladies will know just hew important this fashion has become in domestic economy. The Steinwav piano that adorns the east room was discovered to be much more than a mere ornament when Mrs. Taft was heard playing upon it. The new mistress of the White House is a fine pianist and an ardent lover of music, and mistress of the science of home making, whether it chanced to be in Cincinnati or in the Philippines, or en route, or in the White House, where she visited President Hayes and fam ily as a girl.—Joe Mitchell Chappie, in National Magazine. Solving the Milk Problem. "We're thinking of keeping a cow," said Mrs. Lapsling. "A neighbor of ours has a big vacant lot where we can Visteurize he - " A Broad Discrimination. There Is an elder of a certain church up-state who thinks that things are only half done or not well started in which he has no voice. At a prayer meeting he offered thanks for the safe return from their vacation of the minister and his wife. With proper dignity and in a loud voice he said: "O Lord, we thank thee for bringing our pastor safe home, and his dear wife, too, O Lord, for thou preservest man and beast."—Success. Important to Mothers. Examine carefully every bottle of CASTORIA a safe and sure remedy for infants and children, and see that it Dears the Signature of In Use For Over 30 "/ears. The Kind You Have Always Bought Opportunities. "Opportunities are dancing on every man's desk!" shouted the high-brow lecturer. "Yes; but they ain't half as liable to bite ye as the spring fever or fishin' germ," echoed the chronic grouch. Scoring a Point. "I thought Jenks had made a mis take in that story, so I just nailed him down." "Well?" "And found, as I expected, that he was on the wrong tack." Ask Your Druggist for Allen'« Foot -Ease. "I tried ALLEN'S FOOT-EASE recent ly, and have just bought another supply. It has cured my corns, and the hot, burn ing and Itching sensation in my feet which was almost unbearable, and I would not be without it now.—Mrs. W. J. Walker, Camden, N. J." Sold by all Druggists, 25c. Accounted For. She—Do you know, dear, I had my heart set on ice cream to-night. He—I thought you seemed rather cold-hearted! Little children are suffering every day in the year with sprains, bruises, cuts, bumps and burn?. Hamlins Wizard Oil is banish ir- these aches and pains every day in the year, the world over. He is a man of power who, when all his fellows are swayed by some am bition or passion, remains calin and unmoved.—Creston. DR. J. H. RINDLAUS (Specialist), Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat. Fargo, N. D. The next man in a barber shop is always rough and ready. Buy a W atch O nly of a Retail mi Jeweler[ For he can properly Bdjust it to your individ ual requirements so it will keep perfect time under all Conditions. Never buy a vratch by mail, for no matter how good you think the watch is, It will never be accurate unless it is prop erly adjusted to your individual require ments. A South Bend Watch Frozen in Solid Ice keeps perfect time. It would fail utterly as & perfect time-keeper if it wasn't adjusted to ni< et the requirements of each individual. You can never buy a South Bend Watch by mail. They are sold only by retail jew elers who are competent to properly adjust them. Ask your jeweler to show you a South Dend Watch—a real masterpiece of mech anism. Write us and receive by return mail our free book showing how and why a South Bend Watch keeps accurate time in any temperature. 9 I South Bend Watch Co. South Bend. Indiana S —9o -Qo ol 70 —6© —So —*4o -3o —20 3 JO I—o w |Q Ol Hot? Cool off on WRIGLEYS SPEARMINT Morerefreshing thanicewater & better for you. Look for the sp The flavor lasts > o u J El a i "Representing Independent Grain Shippers" WOODWARD & COMPANY ESTABLISHED 1879 Duluth GRAIN COMMISSION Minneapolis Consumption Permanently Cured. That consumption can be perman ently cured is demonstrated by som» figures published by Dr. A. Van Bn*> den of Belgium, who says that 75 p«r cent, of the patients treated In th* Bourgoumont sanatorium In 1903 -4 have continued, four years after treat» ment, to improve, and are in a condi tion to return to their regular occupa tions. PERRV DAVIS' PAINKILLER Summer complaint, bowol trouble,cramps hkr* terrors in the bouneholU wbore this dependable icino Is kept on bund. 25c, Sic and 5Uc bottles. Just 2,000,000, tons of butter anft cheese were eaten all over the world. Mr*. Wlnslow's Soothing; For children teething, Bofcens the rupis , reduce* Humiliation, allays pain, cureB wind colic. 25c a botttfe The ancient watch dog is a member of the old guard. Z5 "Guaraw SICK HEADACHE CARTER'S ITTLE I VER PILLS. Positively cured by these Little Pills. They also relieve Di» trepsfroin Dyspepsia,!» digestion ami Too Hearty Eating-, n. perfect rea> edy for Dizziness, Nau* sea, Drowsiness, Bad Taste in the Mouth, Coat» e<l Tonfnie, Pain in th® Side, TORPID LIVER. They regulate the Bowels. Purely Vegetable» SMALL PILL. SMALL DOSE. SMALL PRICE» Genuine Must Bear Fac-Simile Signature REFUSE SUBSTITUTES» CARTERS V ITTLE 11 va o IVER PILLS. f J 1 of this paper de KCâuCfS sir j£? to , bujr anything adver tised in its columns should insist upon having what they ask lor, refusing all substitutes or imitations. Bad BLOOD "Before I began using Cascareta I had a bad complexion, pimples on my face» and my food was not digested as it should have been. Now I am entirely well, and the pimples have all disappeared from my face. I can truthfully say that Cascareta are just as advertised; I have taken only two boxes of them." Clarence R. Griffin, Sheridan, lud* Pleasant, Palatable, Potent. Taste Goo<L. Do Good. Never Sicken,Weaken or Gripe. 10c, 25c, 50c. Never sold In bulk. The genu ine tablet stamped C C C. Guaranteed to cure or your money back. 927 DEFIANCE ST»RCH-:;,r^ "-other etarch^B only 12 ounces—name price and "DEFIANCE" 18 SUPERIOR QUALITY. PATENTS WitNi E. Coleman, Waat» IngtoD, D.C. Booksfree. H ici» est references. Best raauUa N. D. N. U., NO. 27-1909.