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n ? T Ch ttcll Loomis JUST a heart-to-heart talk upon the twin subjects of servants and murders. One naturally leads to the other. And, at the start, I want to say that I totally disapprove of servants as a subject of conversation. The trials of housekeepers should be a tabooed topic. And I will say the same of murder trials. For myself, 1 make it a point never to read about murders. I can Ret all I want from the headlines. To be sure, there are exceptions to every rule; there was Robin Graves, who murdered his great-grandmother on a dare from his fellow medical students. I didn't read anything about it, but I heard people discussing it, and it had ■ elements of interest in it. And I al- j ways thought that Probyn-Clew case : far from dull. You may remember that Probyn sent Clew a poisoned car amel on the very day that Clew sent Probyn a poisoned peppermint, and v he papers were lull of it. I gathered enough to enable ine to hold my end tip when I encountered a person with bad enough taste to discuss the sub iest. ! t was deplorable the way people harped on that case. Then take the affair of the land lady w ho murdered all her boarders because they resented a raise in the price of board. What a mine of wealth that was to the reporters! My paper had six columns a day for 20 days and j I just had to read that because there was nothing else, but politics, in the paper; but I felt that it was no sub ject for a person of any refinement. Yet I knew one man who makes quite u pretense of being up in the English classics, and lie knew every point in the trial. I could not trip him up on ii single bit. of evidence. That experi ence just about destroyed my faith in humanity. My brother said that I talked of nothing else but that trial, and he was quite light. I was com pletely absorbed in trying to find some person who knew nothing of it. And at last I did find an old lady who never reads the papers. She had not even heard about it. She wanted to discuss one of Fiske's books on evolu tion, but 1 said, "See here, Mrs. De lancey, you're a rara avis. You're the first person I've met who has not heard about this unique series of mur ders, and I'm just going to tell you the whole story so that you may see for yourself what it is that fills people's minds in these degenerate days." And so I told her the whole story and siie listened breathless; this cultivated woman was positively as interested as if she had been a police man, off (or on) duty, and discussing shop with a brother oilicer. Oh, I was sickened. After a while she wanted to shift off to evolution so that she wouldn't dream of the horrible murders, but I looked at my watch and saw that I had a train to catch, and again Fiske was side-tracked. Fiske, with iiis lu cidity and logic and sweet reasonable ness, was side-tracked fur a horrible murder. Just as I was coming away I asked my hostess, casually, if she remem bered the Bond street murder and she did remember that, for her father lived on the very same block at the time it was committed. I actually missed my train because I sat down to hear lier talk about it. It was like a bit out of Ainsworth. I was not born when it happened, and she was but a girl, but her father had the bad habit of discussing such things in the presence of his children, and it had made such an impression upon her infant mind that here she was retail ing it to me. As a bit of local history contemporaneous with the days of Ir ving and Cooper, it had a certain value; and that is what appealed to me. But to return to servants. There Is absolutely no excuse for talking about the Bridgets and Christinas and Ma ries and Dinahs that come and go. Mind you, I am not narrow-minded; there are circumstances that alter cases. If there is a servant who ex cites your interest in humanity, it is allowable to talk about her. Now we had a maid for a couple of days last week who had evidently seen better days and many of them. The way she broke crockery showed that she did not do it with malice prepense, nor yet out of sheer carelessness as an ordinary maid would have done. She had evidently been used to being wait ed upon and had no manual dexterity whatever. In fact, she told me that she had never lived out before. Her name was Marie Brannigan. We had one girl who refused to go when her day was up. She was abso lutely worthless as a cook, but she liked her room and she wanted to board with us. My mother wanted me to eject her forcibly, but I am not a bouncer—and she was. Anyway, I felt, it was a sort of compliment to our house that she wanted to stay, and so we allowed her to keep the room. She Y < paid board and we handed her monej over as wages to her successors. Servants are queer any way yot look at them; but this everlasting talking about them, when we are sur rounded by art and literature and the good deeds of philanthropists, makes me wonder what we are coming to. I think that men are almost as bad as women in this matter. A man is just as likely to be interested in our case of the servant-boarder as a wo man is, and I never go out anywhere where there are some strangers pres ent but I am asked to tell about her, and that always starts the servant question; and I am generally asked to take the floor, because we have had such queer experiences. I have time for only one more anec dote, but I must tell that. Summer be fore last mother got a treasure of a cook. She could cook, she was re spectful and respectable, she didn't break and she was honest, but— Well, her "but" was that she would not go to the mountains. Now we take a furnished house in the moun tains every summer, but we can't get a servant up there and Nadjezda (she's a Pole) could not be induced to go. So we wont without lier, and she lived in our city house on half wages all summer long and cooked for herself, while mother went to the mountains and cooked for herself. Still, it was a sort of comfort to think that somewhere we had a capable cook cooking. 1 sometimes wish that some of the incapable ones could be cooking some where. * I* OU were thinking yesterday, my good woman, that you were a little better than the lady who called on you although she has more money than you. But are you really better than she? Your husband is a salaried man and lier husband is an oil magnate. Of course that does not necessarily make her any better than you, be cause we all know that your husband had a college education and lier hus band was a day laborer. But why should your husband's ed ucation or lier husband's wealth have anything to do do with you or her? Let us cut the husbands out of the question. Well, then, she has more money than you. Does that make you any better than she? Is the lack of money an un mixed blessing carrying with it so- i cial superiority? She (with a certain touch of vul garity, owing to her ancestors, which ; you have not, thanks to your ances- j tors) has a much kinder heart than you have. She honestly trios to be herself in spite of the money she has, while you : have social ambitions that cause you to be snobbish. You think you are better than she. She never thinks about social sta- : tus. You feel bitter toward her because j her husband is immensely wealthy. I She feels well disposed toward you because she thinks both you and your ' husband are clever—and with her i clever lias a better meaning than the commonly accepted one. No; in spite of lier money and her position she is more of a woman than you are in spite of your blood and your husband's education. »f. r * DO YOU want to know why the maid left after the third hot night? I may be mistaken, but if you will take me up to the room she oc cupied I may be able to find a clew, and there is certainly nothing about me that resembles Sherlock Holmes, What a large closet! No? Not a closet? the maid's room? Oh, la, la! (As they say in France.) Do you remember the black hole of Calcutta? Poor maid! And what an apology for a window. And how hot the tin roof makes the room even this cool day. Wasn't it awful the way some people treated slaves? Makes me simply shudder to read the accounts. So your maid stayed through the third hot night? Courageous girl! I would have left after the first night's experience. It was hot on your own floor with all the windows open and a direct draft over the bed. But think of that room. "Elizabeth or the Exiles of Sibe ria! " Only they were cold. And both you and your husband pillars of the church. You might install an electric fan. That would help. Three nights in a hot-box! Pfew ! (Copyright, by James Pott & Co.) COW STALLS TO KEEP ANI MALS CLEAN AND HEALTHY One in Use at Minnesota University Dairy Barn Is Shown in Illustration—Dimensions for Comfortable Stand* c5p r Cow Stall for Dairy Barn. The accompanying cut illustrates the cow stall now in use at the dairy barn, University of Minnesota. The cow is fastened by means of a rope or chain which snaps behind her. The length of the stall from the gutter to the front post should be seven feet. (A to B.) The gates which are four feet long should all swing the same way so that the stalls may be more- easily cleaned. It. will be noticed by refer ring to the cut that the rear posts just in front of the gutter slant back at the ceiling, thus giving more room for the milker. The width of the stall from cen ter to center is usually given as three feet, but we find three feet too nar vow even with small Jersey cows. HOLLOW CONCRETE FENCE POST J S3 4T/ V A te GALV IRON WOOD (BY C. A. COOK.) To construct hollow re-enforced con creto fence posts, a few modifications of the ordinary mold are necessary, in addition to the core to be placed in tlie center of the post. The mold for an ordinary four by four inch post, seven feet long, consists of a bottom, two sides and two end gates, all of which are held together by three iron clamps placed over the top of the sides after they are put together. The sides are held to the bottom by small dowel pins inserted in holes in the bottom, so that the sides may be read ily rovolved, leaving the finished post lying on the base to harden. One end gate must have a two-inch hole in it through which the core may be with drawn. The wooden core is constructed of live pieces and is two inches in diame ter. Its full length should be seven and one-half feet. A round piece of soft wood may be sawed into five strips, so that when the central portion is with drawn, the narrow sides and then the wider sides may be removed from the concrete post. The galvanized iron core tapers from two inches in diameter at the larger end to three-fourths of an inch at the top end for a seven-foot post is seven feet two inches long. This can be made by any tinsmith from good heavy galvanized iron and should be closed at the smaller end. The mold is fastened together, and about one inch of concrete is placed on the bottom before the core is put in position. After being wrapped with paper, the core should be passed through the hole in the lower end gate. The paper covering will permit the removal of the core in 20 to 30 minutes after the post is made. The galvanized iron core may be greased One of the cows takes a four foot stall, but she is exceptionally large and not of the dairy type. For the average dairy animal of the Holstein, Jersey and Guernsey breed, three and one-half feet has been found none toe wide for a comfortable stall. Stationary mangers are not as good a3 loose ones. The adjustable man ger is the whole thing. It is impossible to keep a cow clean without adjusting the manger so that she stands just at the edge of the gutter. In the university farm barn there is a difference of one foot and four inches in the length of the stalls of Belle and Cylene from that occupied by Letta. If a cow or heifer stands six inches ahead of the gutter it is impossible to keep her clean. but the paper is fully as effective. The wooden core extends entirely through the post, and two end gates with two-inch holes in them are used with it. The metal core should be placed in the mold so that the smaller end is about two inches from the top ot the post. After the core is in posi tion the remainder of the concrete can be put in and the post set aside to harden until the core and molds can be removed. Look over the Farm. Take an hour off sometime to go over your farm and pick out the pau per acres. Then see to it that these acres are not put in regular farm crops next year unless heavily ma nured and specially treated. Unless this can be done, either build them up by sowing legumes or else put them to making timber. The farmers of the south cannot afford to culti vate a million or two acres of land every year which they would be rich, er by never touching at all. Productive Soils. The whole problem of making any soil produce high yields is to fill it completely full of a variety of rich fertilizers, which, 110 doubt, was the case with the very profitable patch of pumpkins mentioned. Every square rod of the land we cultivate should be as rich as our gardens and flower beds. The soil of the field should be full of rich organic and mineral mat ter. These two will make pumpkins grow and make any crops grow. In New York recently died a man who always kept on hand $50,000,000 to $75,000,000 in spot cash. Doubtless he achieved this eminence among New Yorkers by cutting out the champagne suppers. Where Is Bestie Hartman? Rosanna and Bessie Hartman lived with their mother at Chapman, Nebr., in 1901, the year that their father waa killed by a falling tree at Ânada, Mo. Their mother, an invalid, being unable to care for them, the girla were sent to Omaha to school, being housed and mothered by a Mrs. Smith. Finally, in 1903, Bessie, the younger of the two, was taken in charge by the Nebraska Children's Home society, who refused to tell her married sister, Rosanna, where she is. Bessie be came of age last February. If she will send her address to P. O. Box 898, Omaha, Nebr., it will be warded to her sister Rosanna, is now Mrs. Geo. 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