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The Torrid Zone of a Big City
« 3* % sss « 4 • ,r< £U> VM VM «m :V \ m Rrr v.r rrr*-* man? ^in ww n ' ^,: ^ * ifc. a ssw Photos by American Press Association. 1.—Cooling off in the river. 2.—Children on the beach. 3.—Who said its warm? 4.—Helping baby to a drink. 5 and 6.—At the seashore. Pitiful Hardships Endured by Pov erty Row In Spite of Relief Of fered by Charity When the Sun's Merciless Rays Beat Down on Help less Victims, By JAMES SCHREIBER. NINETY degrees in the shade and the silvery mercury still rising! A little girl of twelve sits on the baked flagstone in a partially shaded spot near the doorway of a city tenement. Her haggard, worn features, reddened by the Intense heat, radiated in every direction by the blazing ball overhead, would stir the pity of even the most Uardened were she in any other part of the city. Here she is passed unnoticed save by a few. All around her humaidty is seeking relief. A boy, half naked, is perched on cakes of ice, coolly oblivious to the sufferings of others about him. Far ther down the street a tire hydrant has« been let loose and !s sending a heavy stream over the heated pave ments, while barefooted youngsters are wading in its refreshing waters. Fire escapes are crowded with chil dren in scant attire, some even in scantier dress than th.- code of pro priety permits. A bed sheet in many Instances is '• erving as a sun shade over otherwise unprotected heads. In the windows on the shady side of the street men and women are sitting, ready to catch and caress each m tile or breath of air which may come their way, welcome even for a moment. TK« Little Mother of the Tenement. Of all this the weary girl of the ten ement is unconscious. The observer will notice traces of teais in her eyes, There is a reason for them, a pathetic reason. With a sob she rises and drags lier Bteps up countless flights of creaking stairs past sweating people. On the top floor in the alley -like hall she passes numerous doors, entering one which admits her to a room almost bare of furnishings and into which the scorching sunbeams stream un mercifully. >It is her home! Six other families are on the same floor. Now the weak cry of an infant is heard. It is her baby brother who has been sleeping fitfully. He is sick—sick with the heat. Succeeding dtys of torrid weather have done their work. Moth erless from the day of his birth, his "big sister" has become, in the natural course of events, his foster parent, They call her -he "little mother." i There are hundreds of her type in : the crowded quarters of the poor in j our big cities. When the hot weather catches them in its embrace they often lose their little charges. Charity Offers Relief In Hot Weather. Charity organizations have now tak en these "little mothers" and "their infants" in hand wherever possible, and when the thermometer climbs to the danger point they are shipped off to the beaches arouud the city or sent ou loug life giving sails on rivers and lakes. But this is not all that is being done by charity to make it a little more comfortable for the poor. Large num bers of children and their real mothers are sent to the country for short pe riods during the heated term. Yet hot weather takes a heavy toll of life each year. Infant mortality during the summer months is especial ly high in the sections where the poor congregate. There, too. thousands of people tiock to the sidewalks from the sun baked rooms to sit in utter aban donment on chairs or steps, sometimes aimlessly wafting a fan to and fro. If there is a playground in the vicinity it will be crowded with young and old, while benches in the public parks are eagerly sought after if there is a shade tree to act as a protection from the blazing sun. Public baths are very popular, and along the shores of the rivers, lakes and ocean bathers galore go to find comfort. Beaches Thick With Bathers. I At the beaches especially swarms of ! people are always found as the sum j nier nears, but when the weather be ! comes unbearable in tin* <• ir\- they are i loaded to overflowing. Bathhouses are j |, n . lu | um Where under ordinary ; conditions y OU could net acconimo dations for 20 or 50 cents the price , doubled then, and two or three must US( , th( , s ., me quarters. Gazing along the bench of a seaside resort nk e Coney Island or Bocka j , vav B ear h the eve meets a variety j t ,f 'colors, such as the rainbow itself , i ms never attempted to produce. Out J j tl the water you see several hundred , bobbing heads and bodies. ^ Farther down there are hundreds ' more. Still farther there are more and more and more till the shore seems to present itself to the beholder as a series of black figures, aud they 1 have all fled from the city. Those who must stay behind and swelter take to drink— that is. tbey hie themselves to the soda fountains and there tickle their thirst with pop ular concoctions. The ice cream sa luons are numerous both in city and country, but in the former the people appear to thrive on nothing else than those cooling beverages. In certain cities where milk stations have been established by philanthropic persons a thirsty horde is continually gathered, demanding their glassfuls at a cent a drink. One of the most amusing incidents common to a metropolitan center on a Imt day is the small boy taking Iris bath in the public fountain. He will wade and duck until he is reminded ol' his transgression by the strong arm of the law in the shape of a big police man. Contrastingly distressing is the havoc ! the sun plays with the work horse. In j Chicago several years ago during a spell of severe heat as many as L'on of tlit? animals lay around the streets, having died in a single day. They i couldn't be carried away fast enough. : j When Evening's Shadows Fall. When the sun goes down and the evening shadows have fallen over a great city a different scene is present ed. Then hundreds of thousands more people have been added to the other throngs which have sought relief dur ing the day. Men aud women of the factories, stores and offices have now reached their homes. They have join ed those on the sidewalk or have strolled to the parks with the others. Moonlight excursions on the water are popular. When the temperature and humidity continue to show no consideration and the night air reinaius sultry sleep is overpowering a tired city. Those who have gone to the parks stretch them selves on the grass rather than go back to uncomfortable lieds. The roofs of houses are also utilized by the sweltering. The writer recalls looking out of an office window in New York last summer, and each morning regularly about n o'clock two young men on an adjoining roof would wake up. stretch themselves, roll their sheets and pillows together and disappear down the scuttle. Thev were in full evening regalia pajamas. When the restless multitudes come forth for another twenty-four hours of toil and discomfort and the weather man predicts "No relief today" the newspapers publish a page of news about prostrations, sunstrokes and ice famines. Hospitals are filled with the strick en, we read. Physicians and nurses then do double duty. Every extra bed is put into service. The clang of Ihe ambulance bell is heard throughout the day as calls come in for first aid to those who have been overcome. What to Eat, What to Drink. What to eat and what to drink in hot weather are also given much prominence in the public prints. Meats are generally coneeded to be harmful in extremely warm weather, and alco holic beverages are then tabooed by nearly all physicians. Several years ago, in Chicago, out of nearly 2.<nmi prostrations a thousand were diagnos ed as resulting from overindulgence in Intoxicating stimulants as a relief. Cold water is not to be taken too free ly, the doctors say. But when King Boreas decides to scorch the city the population goes on its own initiative, and advice is regarded as being tor the : "other fellow." BASEBALL GOSSIP BY "SCOREKEEPER' a a a C'y Young thinks that Joe Birming ham, Cleveland's manager, will be an other Fielder Jones. The aforesaid fielder piloted the White Sox. then the hitless wonders, to the world title. Young believes that "Birmy" will he much the same sort of a heady man ager that Jones was. "Birmingham exercises judgment like Joues." says the veteran pitcher. "He has an ideal personality, and I can't conceive of any fellow who has a decent disposition being antagonis tic to him. "His knowledge of baseball and its ! tricks is so extraordinary as to be at ; times uncanny. He has a line, intel ! ligent class of fellows to deal with. His experience and training have fitted him to obtain the best possible re sults." Leonard, the southpaw pitcher of the Ued Sox. pulled a new one recent ly when lie was getting wild. He ! threw his glove to the bench, ami a new one was given him. That is a new alibi. It was the fault of the glove. Young Acosta is only cixteen years old, but has signed with (.'lark Grif fith. manager of the Senators. He is the most youthful athlete in the big leagues, li.s home is in Havana. He is an outfielder. Believing that all the umpires in the American league have been instructed to be strict with hiui. Clark Griffith has sworn off arguing with them, and he even has gone so far as to bet a suit of clothes that he will not get put off the field all season. There has been much discussion con cerning the trade of Itevore, G roll and Ames to Cincinnati for Pitcher Fromme. On the face of it Tinker seems to have gained the advantage in gettinir three men for one. But Mc Graw is a foxy trailer, and be wanted Fromme, who is one of the best pitch ers in the business when he is good. To get the man he had to give a shade that looks as if tiie margin Is in the Cincinnati club's favor. Fromme had been uniformly success The Sunday School Class SENIOR BEREAN LESSON. Golden Text.—Blessed are they that i mourn, for they shall be comforted (Matt. v. 4). Verses 1-5.—A defiant refusal. "To be for warned is to be fore armed." Moses was prepared for the experiences that he would encounter. He knew, that the struggle would be intense before he could free the peo ple. He was not going into this min istry blindfolded. The vision at Horeb had not only enlightened him as to his duty, but he was also empowered for the performance of that duty. The people of Israel received Moses and Aaron, his brother, with readiness. They were filled with gratitude when they heard that the God of their fa thers was about to visit them with de liverance. They also lespoiided to the appeal with reverence and submission. » » * The real battle, however, was to begin when Moses put in his plea to Pharaoh. "Thus saitli the Lord." He was not speaking on his own authority, but in tiie name of Jehovah, the God of his people, who had manifested him self to the fathers and now desired that their children of this later day should do honor to him. "Hold a feast unto me." This feast was doubtless at a sanctuary to vliich pilgrimage had to be made. It was not a pretext to get awa. beyond the reach of Pha raoh and altogcthei Lave his domin ions. It would hive been absurd for Moses t<> request openly and outright that the people should be allowed to leave the •ount/y. lie would take one step at a time. If Phartoli grve them permission to offer worship to their God "according to the dictates o, their conscience, then it would be ap propriate to make negotiations for tur ther favors. "Who is the Lord.' Ihe reply is marked by contempt and dis dain. This attitude of pride and scorn was ultimately to bring unspeakable disaster to Pliar ioh and I is people, •i will not let Israel go." This is eui i phatic and final, but Phi r;ioh was to I find out to his own bitte! ness..that he ! could not dismiss the Eternal God nor I his people ii so abrupt a way. "Three i days' journey." This was probably a 1 current exoressi* n tor a considerable. I distance. "The wilderness." Driver 1 states that this was "the broad and arid iuiestone plateau, now called et Tili, extending from the east border of Egypt to the south of Palestine and bounded on the south by the moun tains of the Sitiaitic penisula." Con sult the map. "Lest he fall upon us." I The neglect of their religious duty I a a is a in ful against the New York Giants. He shut them out recently, and he lias been pitching good ball all the season behind n team that could not help him out. With the (ilants Fromme will have a team of run getters to assist Photo by American Press Association. i r romme, the Giants' New Pitcher, In Action. him on his victorious way. He is no spring chicken, but the Giants, the way they are pla< ed just now. cannot take chances on a vwirier who is inex pel'ieliced. LESSON. i would be visited by severe punish nient. "With the sword." Goshen was exposed to attacks from desert tribes. "Pestilence" and war were two of the judgments of Jehovah (II Sam. xxiv, 1.",; Ezek. xiv, 211. "Where fore do ye?" Pharaoh speaks under the impression that Moses and Aaron are disturbers of the people, as though they were wild and reckless dema gogues. giving the people false ideas of liberty and under the pretext of a religious feast planning to have a holi day. » » * "The people" » * * "are now many." The king sees in the numbers of the aliens a source of danger. "Best from their burdens." If they become idle they will probably join in a rebellion and i ecouie danger ous in the land. Verses (Vît. Exacting tasks. The persistence of Moses and Aaron annoyed Pharaoh, and he determined to make them fee! the power of his mighty hand. "Taskmasters." These overseers or superintendents of forced labor were Egyptians who had no sym pathy with the labor gangs. "Officers." These subordinates were Israelites who had immediate supervision of the la borers. "Straw to make brick " Egyp tian bricks were made out of the black N i U' mud. whl Ii was mixed with sand alio chopped straw or waste stubbie They were not burned, but dried in the sun. "Tale of the bricks" "Number of the bricks" (fevisiotil "Ye shall not diminish aught thereof." The in structioiis were given that no straw should henceforth be furnished. They must find it themselves, and yet. re gardless of the time that would needs be spent in gathering this material, the required amount of bricks must t..•, be reduced. * * * Pharaoh Instructed hi men to pursue the mistaken policy of force, which lias ne\< r succeeded * * * Verses pi-14. Ground down. * * It was not an easy matter to obtain stubble except after the harvest, and ii is very probably that very little of this was available They were certainly in „a bad plight and did not feel kindly to ward Moses and Aaron (verses "Jo. "_'1i "The officers of the children of Israel " These were the men dire ily responsi ble for the supiily of I lie bricks, and when if was not forthcoming as here tofore they were made to pay the pen alty and "were beaten " This was rot all. It was insisted that they should furnish the regular daily quota of bricks. "Wherefore have ye not ful ; filled?" This was a begging of the j question but tyrants have never l .eeu ' known to be reasonable.