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The Ekalaka eagle. [volume] (Ekalaka, Mont.) 1909-1920, July 25, 1913, Image 6

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053090/1913-07-25/ed-1/seq-6/

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The Torrid Zone of a Big City
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Photos by American Press Association.
1.—Cooling off in the river. 2.—Children on the beach. 3.—Who said its
warm? 4.—Helping baby to a drink. 5 and 6.—At the seashore.
Pitiful Hardships Endured by Pov
erty Row In Spite of Relief Of
fered by Charity When the
Sun's Merciless Rays
Beat Down on Help
less Victims,
By JAMES SCHREIBER.
NINETY degrees in the shade
and the silvery mercury still
rising!
A little girl of twelve sits
on the baked flagstone in a partially
shaded spot near the doorway of a city
tenement. Her haggard, worn features,
reddened by the Intense heat, radiated
in every direction by the blazing ball
overhead, would stir the pity of even
the most Uardened were she in any
other part of the city. Here she is
passed unnoticed save by a few.
All around her humaidty is seeking
relief. A boy, half naked, is perched
on cakes of ice, coolly oblivious to the
sufferings of others about him. Far
ther down the street a tire hydrant
has« been let loose and !s sending a
heavy stream over the heated pave
ments, while barefooted youngsters
are wading in its refreshing waters.
Fire escapes are crowded with chil
dren in scant attire, some even in
scantier dress than th.- code of pro
priety permits. A bed sheet in many
Instances is '• erving as a sun shade
over otherwise unprotected heads. In
the windows on the shady side of the
street men and women are sitting,
ready to catch and caress each m tile
or breath of air which may come their
way, welcome even for a moment.
TK« Little Mother of the Tenement.
Of all this the weary girl of the ten
ement is unconscious. The observer
will notice traces of teais in her eyes,
There is a reason for them, a pathetic
reason.
With a sob she rises and drags lier
Bteps up countless flights of creaking
stairs past sweating people. On the
top floor in the alley -like hall she
passes numerous doors, entering one
which admits her to a room almost
bare of furnishings and into which
the scorching sunbeams stream un
mercifully. >It is her home! Six other
families are on the same floor. Now
the weak cry of an infant is heard.
It is her baby brother who has been
sleeping fitfully. He is sick—sick with
the heat. Succeeding dtys of torrid
weather have done their work. Moth
erless from the day of his birth, his
"big sister" has become, in the natural
course of events, his foster parent,
They call her -he "little mother." i
There are hundreds of her type in :
the crowded quarters of the poor in j
our big cities. When the hot weather
catches them in its embrace they often
lose their little charges.
Charity Offers Relief In Hot Weather.
Charity organizations have now tak
en these "little mothers" and "their
infants" in hand wherever possible,
and when the thermometer climbs to
the danger point they are shipped off
to the beaches arouud the city or sent
ou loug life giving sails on rivers and
lakes.
But this is not all that is being done
by charity to make it a little more
comfortable for the poor. Large num
bers of children and their real mothers
are sent to the country for short pe
riods during the heated term.
Yet hot weather takes a heavy toll
of life each year. Infant mortality
during the summer months is especial
ly high in the sections where the poor
congregate. There, too. thousands of
people tiock to the sidewalks from the
sun baked rooms to sit in utter aban
donment on chairs or steps, sometimes
aimlessly wafting a fan to and fro. If
there is a playground in the vicinity
it will be crowded with young and old,
while benches in the public parks are
eagerly sought after if there is a shade
tree to act as a protection from the
blazing sun.
Public baths are very popular, and
along the shores of the rivers, lakes
and ocean bathers galore go to find
comfort.
Beaches Thick With Bathers.
I At the beaches especially swarms of
! people are always found as the sum
j nier nears, but when the weather be
! comes unbearable in tin* <• ir\- they are
i loaded to overflowing. Bathhouses are
j |, n . lu | um Where under ordinary
; conditions y OU could net acconimo
dations for 20 or 50 cents the price
, doubled then, and two or three must
US( , th( , s ., me quarters.
Gazing along the bench of a seaside
resort nk e Coney Island or Bocka
j , vav B ear h the eve meets a variety
j t ,f 'colors, such as the rainbow itself
, i ms never attempted to produce. Out
J j tl the water you see several hundred
, bobbing heads and bodies.
^ Farther down there are hundreds
' more. Still farther there are more
and more and more till the shore
seems to present itself to the beholder
as a series of black figures, aud they
1 have all fled from the city.
Those who must stay behind and
swelter take to drink— that is. tbey
hie themselves to the soda fountains
and there tickle their thirst with pop
ular concoctions. The ice cream sa
luons are numerous both in city and
country, but in the former the people
appear to thrive on nothing else than
those cooling beverages. In certain
cities where milk stations have been
established by philanthropic persons a
thirsty horde is continually gathered,
demanding their glassfuls at a cent a
drink.
One of the most amusing incidents
common to a metropolitan center on a
Imt day is the small boy taking Iris
bath in the public fountain. He will
wade and duck until he is reminded
ol' his transgression by the strong arm
of the law in the shape of a big police
man.
Contrastingly distressing is the havoc
! the sun plays with the work horse. In
j Chicago several years ago during a
spell of severe heat as many as L'on of
tlit? animals lay around the streets,
having died in a single day. They
i couldn't be carried away fast enough.
:
j
When Evening's Shadows Fall.
When the sun goes down and the
evening shadows have fallen over a
great city a different scene is present
ed. Then hundreds of thousands more
people have been added to the other
throngs which have sought relief dur
ing the day. Men aud women of the
factories, stores and offices have now
reached their homes. They have join
ed those on the sidewalk or have
strolled to the parks with the others.
Moonlight excursions on the water are
popular.
When the temperature and humidity
continue to show no consideration and
the night air reinaius sultry sleep is
overpowering a tired city. Those who
have gone to the parks stretch them
selves on the grass rather than go back
to uncomfortable lieds.
The roofs of houses are also utilized
by the sweltering. The writer recalls
looking out of an office window in New
York last summer, and each morning
regularly about n o'clock two young
men on an adjoining roof would wake
up. stretch themselves, roll their sheets
and pillows together and disappear
down the scuttle. Thev were in full
evening regalia pajamas.
When the restless multitudes come
forth for another twenty-four hours of
toil and discomfort and the weather
man predicts "No relief today" the
newspapers publish a page of news
about prostrations, sunstrokes and ice
famines.
Hospitals are filled with the strick
en, we read. Physicians and nurses
then do double duty. Every extra bed
is put into service. The clang of Ihe
ambulance bell is heard throughout the
day as calls come in for first aid to
those who have been overcome.
What to Eat, What to Drink.
What to eat and what to drink
in hot weather are also given much
prominence in the public prints. Meats
are generally coneeded to be harmful
in extremely warm weather, and alco
holic beverages are then tabooed by
nearly all physicians. Several years
ago, in Chicago, out of nearly 2.<nmi
prostrations a thousand were diagnos
ed as resulting from overindulgence in
Intoxicating stimulants as a relief.
Cold water is not to be taken too free
ly, the doctors say. But when King
Boreas decides to scorch the city the
population goes on its own initiative,
and advice is regarded as being tor the
: "other fellow."
BASEBALL GOSSIP
BY "SCOREKEEPER'
a
a
a
C'y Young thinks that Joe Birming
ham, Cleveland's manager, will be an
other Fielder Jones. The aforesaid
fielder piloted the White Sox. then the
hitless wonders, to the world title.
Young believes that "Birmy" will he
much the same sort of a heady man
ager that Jones was.
"Birmingham exercises judgment
like Joues." says the veteran pitcher.
"He has an ideal personality, and I
can't conceive of any fellow who has
a decent disposition being antagonis
tic to him.
"His knowledge of baseball and its
! tricks is so extraordinary as to be at
; times uncanny. He has a line, intel
! ligent class of fellows to deal with.
His experience and training have fitted
him to obtain the best possible re
sults."
Leonard, the southpaw pitcher of
the Ued Sox. pulled a new one recent
ly when lie was getting wild. He
! threw his glove to the bench, ami a
new one was given him. That is a
new alibi. It was the fault of the
glove.
Young Acosta is only cixteen years
old, but has signed with (.'lark Grif
fith. manager of the Senators. He is
the most youthful athlete in the big
leagues, li.s home is in Havana. He
is an outfielder.
Believing that all the umpires in the
American league have been instructed
to be strict with hiui. Clark Griffith
has sworn off arguing with them, and
he even has gone so far as to bet a
suit of clothes that he will not get put
off the field all season.
There has been much discussion con
cerning the trade of Itevore, G roll
and Ames to Cincinnati for Pitcher
Fromme. On the face of it Tinker
seems to have gained the advantage in
gettinir three men for one. But Mc
Graw is a foxy trailer, and be wanted
Fromme, who is one of the best pitch
ers in the business when he is good.
To get the man he had to give a shade
that looks as if tiie margin Is in the
Cincinnati club's favor.
Fromme had been uniformly success
The Sunday School Class
SENIOR BEREAN LESSON.
Golden Text.—Blessed are they that i
mourn, for they shall be comforted
(Matt. v. 4).
Verses 1-5.—A defiant refusal.
"To be for warned is to be fore
armed." Moses was prepared for the
experiences that he would encounter.
He knew, that the struggle would be
intense before he could free the peo
ple. He was not going into this min
istry blindfolded. The vision at Horeb
had not only enlightened him as to
his duty, but he was also empowered
for the performance of that duty. The
people of Israel received Moses and
Aaron, his brother, with readiness.
They were filled with gratitude when
they heard that the God of their fa
thers was about to visit them with de
liverance. They also lespoiided to the
appeal with reverence and submission.
» » * The real battle, however, was
to begin when Moses put in his plea to
Pharaoh. "Thus saitli the Lord." He
was not speaking on his own authority,
but in tiie name of Jehovah, the God
of his people, who had manifested him
self to the fathers and now desired
that their children of this later day
should do honor to him. "Hold a feast
unto me." This feast was doubtless
at a sanctuary to vliich pilgrimage
had to be made. It was not a pretext
to get awa. beyond the reach of Pha
raoh and altogcthei Lave his domin
ions. It would hive been absurd for
Moses t<> request openly and outright
that the people should be allowed to
leave the •ount/y. lie would take
one step at a time. If Phartoli grve
them permission to offer worship to
their God "according to the dictates o,
their conscience, then it would be ap
propriate to make negotiations for tur
ther favors. "Who is the Lord.' Ihe
reply is marked by contempt and dis
dain. This attitude of pride and scorn
was ultimately to bring unspeakable
disaster to Pliar ioh and I is people,
•i will not let Israel go." This is eui
i phatic and final, but Phi r;ioh was to
I find out to his own bitte! ness..that he
! could not dismiss the Eternal God nor
I his people ii so abrupt a way. "Three
i days' journey." This was probably a
1 current exoressi* n tor a considerable.
I distance. "The wilderness." Driver
1 states that this was "the broad and
arid iuiestone plateau, now called et
Tili, extending from the east border of
Egypt to the south of Palestine and
bounded on the south by the moun
tains of the Sitiaitic penisula." Con
sult the map. "Lest he fall upon us."
I The neglect of their religious duty
I
a
a
is
a
in
ful against the New York Giants. He
shut them out recently, and he lias
been pitching good ball all the season
behind n team that could not help him
out. With the (ilants Fromme will
have a team of run getters to assist
Photo by American Press Association.
i r romme, the Giants' New Pitcher, In
Action.
him on his victorious way. He is no
spring chicken, but the Giants, the
way they are pla< ed just now. cannot
take chances on a vwirier who is inex
pel'ieliced.
LESSON.
i
would be visited by severe punish
nient. "With the sword." Goshen
was exposed to attacks from desert
tribes. "Pestilence" and war were
two of the judgments of Jehovah (II
Sam. xxiv, 1.",; Ezek. xiv, 211. "Where
fore do ye?" Pharaoh speaks under
the impression that Moses and Aaron
are disturbers of the people, as though
they were wild and reckless dema
gogues. giving the people false ideas
of liberty and under the pretext of a
religious feast planning to have a holi
day. » » * "The people" » * * "are
now many." The king sees in the
numbers of the aliens a source of
danger. "Best from their burdens."
If they become idle they will probably
join in a rebellion and i ecouie danger
ous in the land.
Verses (Vît. Exacting tasks.
The persistence of Moses and Aaron
annoyed Pharaoh, and he determined
to make them fee! the power of his
mighty hand. "Taskmasters." These
overseers or superintendents of forced
labor were Egyptians who had no sym
pathy with the labor gangs. "Officers."
These subordinates were Israelites who
had immediate supervision of the la
borers. "Straw to make brick " Egyp
tian bricks were made out of the black
N i U' mud. whl Ii was mixed with sand
alio chopped straw or waste stubbie
They were not burned, but dried in the
sun. "Tale of the bricks" "Number
of the bricks" (fevisiotil "Ye shall
not diminish aught thereof." The in
structioiis were given that no straw
should henceforth be furnished. They
must find it themselves, and yet. re
gardless of the time that would needs
be spent in gathering this material, the
required amount of bricks must t..•, be
reduced. * * * Pharaoh Instructed hi
men to pursue the mistaken policy of
force, which lias ne\< r succeeded * * *
Verses pi-14. Ground down. * *
It was not an easy matter to obtain
stubble except after the harvest, and ii
is very probably that very little of this
was available They were certainly in
„a bad plight and did not feel kindly to
ward Moses and Aaron (verses "Jo. "_'1i
"The officers of the children of Israel "
These were the men dire ily responsi
ble for the supiily of I lie bricks, and
when if was not forthcoming as here
tofore they were made to pay the pen
alty and "were beaten " This was rot
all. It was insisted that they should
furnish the regular daily quota of
bricks. "Wherefore have ye not ful
; filled?" This was a begging of the
j question but tyrants have never l .eeu
' known to be reasonable.

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