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SAVE THE SPUDS. There Is No Reason For Any One Having Scabby Potatoes. GUARD THE SEED AND SOIL Fungicide Treatment F op the Former and Keeping the Latter Clean Are the Two Preventive Measures—Both Easy to Put Into Operation. The fungus causing potato scab at tacks only the tubers. The general ap pearance of affected potatoes is very well known. When a potato is first, in fected a small brownish spot usually appears. The infection may spread rapidly and eventually involve the whole tuber. In the late development of the disease the spots enlarge into rough, corky, brownish patches. Some times large cracks develop on the tuber, rendering it almost worthless. The losses may amount to as much as 20 or .'!<) per cent. There is nearly always some seal) present, however, and when no precautions are taken to prevent its occurrence the losses may be quite noticeable. The yield is not Which Kind Do You Grow ? -«s m m I'hotograph by Minnesota agricultural experiment station. Scabby potatoes on the rieht. The seed from which these grew was not treated, potatoes from treated seed 011 the left. ordinarily very much diminished. - but the value of the potatoes is reduced. Control measures are comparatively simple. The disease may persist in the soi! and on the seed tubers. Naturally, then, the only way to prevent scab is to free the tubers from it and then plant them in clean soil, practicing a proper rotation of crops. In treating "seed" tubers to free tlietu from scab two fungicides are in com mon use. Formaldehyde is very wide ly used, and corrosive sublimate is sometimes used. They are probably about equally effective, but formalde hyde has the very distinct, advantage of being'nonpoisonous. while corrosive sublimate is very poisonous. If formaldehyde is used one pint sho uld be poured into thirty gallons of water and the tubers soaked in the so lution for two hours. At the end of this time they may be dried and kept indefinitely, or they may be cut and planted at once. In any case they should never lie put in sacks, bins or any other receptacle which has con tained scabby tubers since it they are they may again become infected. Bul letin Minnesota Agricultural Experi ment Station. Vaccinate Hogs and Avoid Cholera. Hogs vaccinated for hog cholera by th double method, which includes an injection with a protective serum and a small quantity of virus at the same time, is effective for many months and probably for life, according to Profes sor F. B. lladley of the College of Ag I'niversitv of Wis riculture cousin. of the SING FOR THE JAPANESE. One of the most curious things to be seen in Japan, alike in the houses of rich and poor, is a small cage of bam boo fibers which houses the singing cricket. The male only has the "voice." ■which can hardly be called a singing voice because the sounds emitted are much more metallic than those which ordinarily proceed from the throat of a bird. The westerner who hears these Bounds for the first time starts up un der tlie impression that he is hearing an electric call bell, an exchange states. In order to execute Iiis song the cricket goes through a very amusing perform ance. He raises himself 011 his front feet, grasps with the others a kind of platform arranged in the cage for his convenience, expands his wing shells and rubs them against each other with great rapidity. The rhythm of the movement varies with individuals, and tbla explains why the sound produced TOPICS IN SEASON. I Cut the rye heads out of the wheat. Fence corners clean? If Sot the haying job isn't quite done. Care should be taken that the drainage of the barnyard does not reqeh the drinking water. "Do it now" is a capital max im for the harvest season and if religiously followed will save many a ton of hay. (Jet in the rutabagas now. A timothy sod is a good place for them. A few fed to the stock next winter will save doctor bill's. Cut fenceposts in August dur- * in,e the second run of ^-ap and • peel immediately. They will last much longer than if cut in winter. Keep the cultivator going in 4 the corn until out in tassel. Shallow, please! About two 4 inches deep is right. Muzzle the /. horses and they'll work better. '• Secrets of successful turnip % growing: Ilave the seed bed very tine; then roll it. Sow the* seed soon after a rain and cover ♦ the seed by lightly rolling the ground.—Farm Journal. • APPLE TREE ADVICE. If Your Orchard Is Old and Unfruitful Try These Remedies. The apple trees in many orchards have become what some writers term unthrifty, hide bound, have stopped bearing, branches will grow but very ; little if at all from year to year, and tlie trees will yield but small crops of 1 inferior fruit. During the summer months, when the new wood is forming, it is an ex cellent plan to rub or peel the old bark from the ground to the tir^t limbs, and ' a new, smooth and healthy bark will appear. Many times this will have so salutary j an effect that the old tree will go to \ bearing. We have seen, says a correspondent ■ of Farm Progress, trees treated in this j manner with very satisfactory results, ! especially when the trees are not too j old or were not injured by removing the old bark. A number of years ago we made a night pasture for our cows by inclos ing one of our orchards with a fence and kept from thirty to forty cows in this orchard nights and fed them soil ing crops out of the stable, and hey kept the old bark well rubbed off from the trees and left a large amount of fertility on the land. From this or chard we have harvested some of the best crops of apples that we ever grow, and we believe that it has been utilizing it for night pasture that brought about the change. I offers a certain variety 111 meter as well J I as in pit< Ii The Japanese have reared this insect ! j from time immeni'M'ial. For a long J I time tlie exportation of these crickets | was prohibited under severe penalties.; originally because a religious supersti tion against it existed among the peas- j antry. The imperial family lias culti vated the most tuneful species, but no ! one but a member of the royal family has heretofore been permitted to own ! a specimen. The late emperor of Ja pan was a devotee of natural history, 1 and it is said that he sometimes amus ! cd himself by taking the key from the cricket and evolving musical exercises I from its peculiarities. These little in I sects pass the entire day in song if care 1 is taken to maintain their food supply, which consists of lettuce leaves, with those of the tomato, carrot and cucuin ! her. Salt puts an end forever to the song of this little insect. COW IS A GOO D MOTHER. She Knows Best How to Take Care of Her Calf In Its First Hours. When the calf is dropped leave it with the dam a few hours, to afford her an opportunity to 1 it• k it. if the cow gives inilk containing only a me dium amount of solids the calf may be permitted to take «hut nourishment it wants the first time, hut if the cow gives very rich milk only a little should be allowed; otherwise there is danger of having a bad case of indigestion 011 your hands the second day. .lust at this time much attention should lie given the cow by way of grooming not with a currycomb, but with a brush. Frequent rubbing of the udder will prove beneficial to the cow and profitable to you. After the calf has taken nourishment once it should be removed, preferably when the dain is not in the stall or pen, for it is better that' she should not associ ate you with the loss of h^r calf, that she may more readily transfer her af fection to you. By removing the calf at once it is soon forgotten and thus disturbance is minimized.— -T. L. Haecker, Dairy and Animal Husbandry Division. University Farm, St. Paul. Packing Reduced Soil Yield. At the Indian Head iCanada) experi mental farm an unpacked acre produc ed one bushel thirty-two pounds more peas than the soil packed once with a surface packer. The oats yield was apparently raised from eighty-one bushels twenty-one pounds, to eighty eight bushels seventeen pounds by packing once, and the barley yield from sixty-four bushels twenty-eight pounds to sixty-nine bushels twenty eight pounds. Barley on soil packed twice yielded over a bushel less than on soil packed only once. Coal Ashes as Fertilizer. Soft coal ashes are of very little value as a fertilizer since most of the elements contained are in an insoluble form. There is very little lime in such ashes, and they often are more harm ful than beneficial to heavy soil. Wood ashes, on the other hand, arc very beneficial.—Country Gentleman. ; When to Harvest Timothy. Timothy harvesting just as it comes into blossom produces the highest yield of digestible material. If cut be fore or after this time a smaller yield is obtained. It is true that if cut later more tons of hay are obtained, but it will not be so digestible or so palat able.—Farm and Fireside. Sweet Corn Is Very Thirsty. Slui.liow cultivation of sweet corn should be practiced to preserve tlie moisture of the soil, since this crop re quires a large amount of water in its growth and is likely to suffer from drought.—Orange Judd Farmer. , 1 ' Jokes Our Shears Took a Shine To Exchange of Courtesies. "This man who wants board 011 cred it claims to be a foreign nobleman." "Show you any proofV" asked the proprietor. "Showed me a photograph of a cas tle." "Well, I have 110 objection to your showing him a photograph of a ham sandwich."—Kansas City Journal. A Better Test. Crawford You can judge a man's character by the way he acts when he has a tooth pulled. Crabshaw—I'd very much rather size him up by the way he goe<- on " hen he has had his leg pulled.—I'uck. j Extras y VrXT 7T7> m M 1 .«MMi Li ring t » ! 11 »: me ait Mr. Seei let iu a hurry. The Accomplished Waiter—I will bring it with alacrity, sir. Mr. Seedmiller No, you won't. bring it ' plain trimmin's.—Ne\ 1 won't pay York Globe. Just for 110 Turned the Tables. Mrs. Exe—Did you try that new girl you heard of? Mrs. Wye Try her? Why, she tried me beyond all endurance. — Boston Tro <4/ 4 : Remaking Tommy Burch j By ALTON R. HAYES A BOY from seven to twelve tied to a nurse's apron string is al ways an object of pity to me. I have seen one of these boys looking wistfully at a group of romp ing children, longing to join in their play, but deterred by the woman who had him in charge. They, dressed in rougher garments, are without fear of soiling their clothes; he, rigged out in a white "wash" suit, knows that one speck of dirt on it will bring down the anathemas of the person hired to keei» him clean. Tommy Burch and I would have been friends in our childhood had we been permitted. But Tommy was al ways immaculately dressed, and a middle aged lady tutor-nurse had him in charge to elevate his mind. I was always dirty, and my mother seldom put good clothes on me, for she knew I would tear them to tatters climbing trees. If Tommy had had a common nurse he might have occasionally got away from her, but with his gov erness it was another matter. He was never permitted to be out of her sight for a moment. The worst of it was that Tom was not born a milksop. He became one because he couldn't help himself. When he had got rid of his governess he begged me to take him gunning ami fishing and all that. A love of such sports was born in him, but he had been so delicately reared that he was unable to stand the hardships they involved and couldn't keep pace w it h ine in anything. Nevertheless I was fond of him, and we became quite chummy, so after a first effort at tramping all day through a wood and eating bacon and hardtack for supper he gave it up and devoted him self to drawing pictures, for which he , had considerable talent. If he had had the luck to have been thrown on his own resources lie might have made an artist of himself. My cousin, Frances Rose, having be come the object of Rurch's adoration, he confided the secret to me and asked me to sound her as to whether there was any chance for him. I suggested to her one day that she and Tom would make a good match. "I make a match with that ladylike young man.'" she exclaimed disdainful ly. "Not much.'" "He might at least teach you to speak good English." I retorted. Then I told her of the way Tom had been brought up and the dragon and all that. She listened attentively and from contempt, with a woman's sudden change of front, veered right round to sympathy. So when I proposed that she help me to try to rectify the dam age done she fell in with the plan. We were to coach Tom in athletic games and manly amusements, giving him Literally Interpreted. The teacher meant to convey a pro found lesson. "You must forgive your enemies, boys." she said, "and then your enemies will forgive you. I want you all to try it." The next morning Johnny Jones came to school with a very black eye. "Why, Johnny, what's tiie matter?" "Aw." replied Johnny, "I've been forgivin' Scrappy Green an' makin' him forgive me." — Cleveland Plain Dealer. Advice to the Discontented. "You don't mind hicrh prices?" "No. When prices are high, think how much more you save every time you decide to get along without some thing." I ntercepted. "Did your son w ho went to the city to make his fortune deliver the goods?" "No. He was caught w ith them before he had a chance."—Houston Post. Practical. -How would you like to have a fairy godmother?" "I'd rather have a com petent cook."— Washington Herald. sundry hard raps, such as he should have had years before. Alî I let him know about it was that P?ank admired manly men and he'd better go in for athletics. He was a trifle old to begin, but I promised to help him. I commenced with boxing gloves and after a few lessons hammered him so unmercifully that I feared I had killed him. When he came round I told him I'd turn him over to Frank for a new beginning, which she, a girl, would be better fitted to make than I, a right tackle football man. Frank took him up, and I could plainly see she developed a deep inter est in the work. I have seen her keep him on the tennis court, playing first a set, then a double set, losing just enough games to necessitate a "play off," the sweat running down his cheeks, his neck and trickling down his back, while he panted like a horse with the heaves. A crisis came at last. It was in cross country horseback riding. Frank could ride like a centaur. She disdain ed to strain a horse by sitting side wise. She rode straddle with divided skirts. She made Tom get out of bed before daylight to ride with her, in creasing the length of their canter* till on one occasion she kept the poor beggar out without a morsel of food from 5 o'clock till noon. During this time he was obliged to jump his horse, she leading the way over fences, ditches and logs. He had been born with no craven spirit and would have gone to his death rather than give in to her. This led her to push him to see how far he would go. till one day she went over a log so large that she barely missed it. Tom, who was not so expert a horseman, raised his beast too soon, and the animal, com ing down with his belly flat on thf log, rolled over on his rider. I was sent for to go to Tom's house and found Frank there in the hall looking like a ghost, while the doctor was making up his mind whether there was any chance for the milksop she had been trying to make a man of. Tom hovered between life and death for a month, then gradually came around. The first thing he did after getting out was to come to me and tell me of his engagement to my cousin. I wasn't surprised, for he had shown that had he been suffered to make a man of himself in the first place he would have done so. What the dragon had spoiled a splendid girl made over successfully. When I spoke to Frank about her engagement I said. "I thought you couldn't marry a ladylike young man." "Shut up!" she cried sharply. "He's as manly as you. He followed me everywhere I led. even at the risk of his neck." I smiled, but made no reply. One of His Studies. Church—How is your boy getting along in college? Gotham—All right. "What's he studying?" "Geography, I guess. He wrote foi money today. He said he wanted to learn the town."—Yonkers Statesman. Awful Discovery. "How now, Geraldine?" "I am investigating the conditions that surround poor working girls." "Their lot is often trying." "Indeed it is. Why, half of them go to work without chaperons, Clarice."— Louisville Courier-Journal. Heavens. Not That! Vtf-i rit ïft'» I m it':? m IIVTO •Mvt £;n>v>VV Pf» w w. Father—You have no sense. I'm go ing to cut you off with a million The Son If you do I'll disgrace tlu family by riding around in a second hand auto. Barber Shop Tip. "You are getting very bald, sir." said the barber. "You yourself," retorted the custom er, "are not free from a number of de fects that I could mention if 1 eared tc become personal."—Kansas City Jour nal.