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Following Fresh Farm Furrows LAYING JNWINTER What One Successful Poultry Dealer Feeds Hens. CHAFF MAKES GOOD LITTER. Basket Full of This Mixed With a Lit tle Wheat and Oats Will Give Needed Exercise—Fill Corner of Barn With Dirt and Add a Little Lime For Hens to Scratch In. During cold weather, the highest priced egg season, we frequently .cet eggs from more than half of our flock, while our neighbors sometimes* com plain of getting none at all, and their feed bills are no smaller than ours, i Be Cautious In Feeding Calves The aim in onlf feeding should always be to prevent scours, and this is one of the things which should be watched closely. This ailment in skimmilk calves is the result of indigestion brought on. as a rule, by overfeeding, but also by feeding skimmilk in poor condition and from dirty pails. Every feeder of skimmilk to calves must sooner or later learn this lesson. He must learn that if the calf ha* scours the feeder is not doing his work right. In the case of scours reform your system of feeding instead of purchasing the many reme dies advertised, and in dairy farming one of the important qualifications is the learning not only of making but of saving money. There are numerous and most excellent home remedies for scours, and I do not venture a recommenda tion. In our experience of rearing several hundred pure bred calves we have not had to exceed a dozen cases of scours, and these were in our early experi ence. One or two raw eggs broken into a calf's mouth have cured such cases.— T. A. Borman at Missouri State Dairy Association. writes Mrs. E. (>. Swope in the Amer ican Agriculturist. In the winter care of our chickens I find several things worth considering. The chaff which lies a foot deep on the floors of many haylofts affords an ideal winter litter for the hens during an entire winter. This chaff not only supplies grass seed, but green feed in the form of clover leaves. I have made it a practice of giving the hens a basket of this at noon, scattering a little wheat and oats in the chaff. It is surprising how the hens will work and scratch to get the wheat grains. We always have a little corner filled with tine dirt, to which a little lime lias been added, for the liens to scratch and have a dust bath. With an old paring knife 1 cut into small bits the waste part of cabbage, celery, turnips, onions, sprouts and scraps from the table and feed these to the hens. A half bushel of turnips kept in a warm place where it is light, so they will sprout freely, will supply a nice quan tity of greens, which will be greatly relished by the hens during the cold days. Small meat bones may be pounded up and fed occasionally. We cook the potato and apple parings as the foun dation for the morning's warm mash. To this we add a little salt occasion ally for a change. Above all things we are particular not to neglect the drink ing water. During this time of the year the water is warmed just enough to take the chill off. In the evenings before the hens go to roost we feed whole corn which bus been warmed. In this way they go to roost warm and comfortable and also with full crops. These small fletails may seem trivial, but never theless they count and spell the dif ference between success and failure with a utility flock. Reminder C[ When you give us an order for Job Printing c! any kind you take abso lutely no chance of fail ure on our part. Çj We have samples of all grades and sizes, and you can see just what you are going to get be fore a single type is put into a sticke »I« •?«»!«•£« •£« »t« aj* •J- + * POULTRY PICKINGS. * •b Cool nights are here, and the * •i• chickens should be under cover, 'b •b If you do not provide a warm 4» house for the laying hens you + -i- cannot expect eggs during cold weather. + *s* Beinember you can keep a * great many more chickens in a •! 4* house in winter than you can in 4* summer and keep them healthy. 4> Sudden changes in the temper- •£• •J- ature are more harmful to the •V chickens than steady cold weath 4* er. See that they are indoors + •I* during a cold storm. 4* •I- When building your poultry 4 4- house don't make it too high. As 4* 4* lonp as it is high enough for you 4* 4* to go in and clean it, no matter 4» 4* how low it is. the warmer it will 4 ■ be for the hens. 4* 4* 4* » •£• »J« »J« »j« »J« »J* »J« »J« »j« »J« Best Results Come From Mating Birds of Good Vitality. Director Quisenberry of the national egg laying contest. Mountain Grove, Mo., gives these rules for breeding poultry: Breed only from stock of high vitality which has never been seriously sick with any disease. Breed from mature males and females. Breed from birds as near ideal in shape and color as possible. A good all round bird is better to use as a breeder than a bird exceptionally good in one point and exceptionally poor in others. Let the male be exceptionally strong in points where the female is weakest, and vice versa. Instead of buying ten males at a dollar each and thus getting very or dinary males to head your flock, it is much better to get one good male at $10 and mate him in a separate pen to ten or twelve of your very choicest females. The condition of the parent stock is largely—in fact, almost wholly—re sponsible for the condition of the baby chicks. Good, strong, vigorous males and females, properly mated, will store so much vitality in the eggs that the embryo can stand a lot of abuse in incubation, and the baby chick will overcome and outlive many of our mis takes in faultv breeding. Exercise the Foals. Develop draft foals from birth to ma turity with plenty of good feed, lots of exercise and by proper care. Good breeding gives possibilities which good feeding and care can develop. AIR FLEETS HAVE ADMIRALS. Such Is War Nowadays, Caused by De velopment of Aeroplanes. Owing to the rapid expansion of the British royal naval air service, both with respect to personnel and material, the admiralty has decided to place it under the direction of a flag officer with the title of director of the air service. Itear Admiral C. L. Vauglian-Lee has been selected for this appointment. Commodore M. F. Suffer, the present director of the air service, will be in charge of the material side of the naval aeronautical work, with the title of su perintendent of air craft construction. Avoiding Trouble. "This scientist claims that oysters have emotions and that these same emotions affect those who eat oysters. To eat an oyster when the bivalve is angry, for instance, would be apt to make you ill. A lonely oyster is apt to affect your digestion." "A lonely oyster, eh7 I'll be careful hereafter when I order a slew." —Lou isville Courier-Journal. I FACTS ABOUT BARLEY. | v 4 - M - H -H~K-4-M"i~H'4-4"!-4"!" M - i " ; ~ fr Barley is accused of causing abortion in cows to which it is fed, but this is a libel on a splendid grain. Those fine horsemen, the Arabs, feed it to their horses as a concentrate. It is rich in carbohydrates, but deficient in protein. Swine growers who have tried it claim that it is the best single grain feed for hogs in a dry lot. At both the I'tah and California ex periment stations it is fed with alfalfa to balance the ration. In southern climates it is sown in the fall and grows all winter, making fine pasture. Take the stock off it in time and it will still make a good crop of barley hay if cut when in the milk. It makes a fine crop for hogging off if the beardless varieties are sown— and it comes earlier than almost any other grain crop for this purpose. These winter varieties yield better than the spring varieties.—Farm and Fireside. Winter barley is a coming grain. In Michigan winter varieties have been developed which are hardy all over the southern j>eninsula—but they are bearded. Otherwise they would be ideal for hogging off in early summer. Cultivate Sudan Grass. Sudan grass should be cultivated as soon as possible after the first crop of hay is removed. A good stirring of the soil at this time will be a great help to the plants in making a good, strong start toward the second crop. If the ground lias been kept clean and free from weeds during the early part of the growth of the first crop it will not he necessary to cultivate frequently during the growth of the second crop, .lust enough cultivation to maintain the desired soil mulch will lie needed In this case. By the time the first crop has matured the plants have stooled and spread out in the row to such an extent that it makes any cultivation a much less tedious operation for the second crop than is the case with the young plants during the early growth of the first croît. Since the first crop i - to lie allowed to stand for seed pur poses, the growing period of the sec ond crop will lie shortened several weeks at best, and good cultivation will help considerably toward increas ing the yield of the second cutting. Conveniences For Moving Bees. In the cold climates where bees are wintered out of doors it is sometimes advisable to cover several colonies with one shed and to move them nearer the residence. Difficulties naturally arise in doing this, but these may be solved by the plan conducted by G. C. Greiner of Niagara county. X. Y. Mr. Greiner has used a sled somewhat resembling a combined stone boat and sleigh. The runners are made of 3 by 0 scantlings and the platform of one inch stuff. To the runners is fastened a chain bv means of devices. A carpenter's horse t welve inches high is placed at one end of the little shed containing the bees. A jack, shown at the opposite end, is used to raise the house until the horse can be placed under it. When so placed the jack is removed to the other end and the house raised there. Then the sled is pushed beneath the house, the jack and the horse are removed and the whole thing dragged over the snow wherever desired. In unloading the reverse process is practiced. By means of these tools Mr. Greiner is able to handle his bees without serious jar ring. Preferably the work should not be done until after snowfall. *!• 4» ♦> «S» v •;< «î« <• «;< »;• .j. FALL CLEANUP. | In the war against farm and a garden pests a fall cleanup is a J good means of attack. Fall plow- .1 ing is generally recognized as a *' good method for the prevention * of insect injury, but rubbish left in piles along fences or in fence % corners or in the orchard or * kitchen garden makes the best i kind of winter quarters for in- * sect pests in various stages. X Trash of this kind, says F. L. $ Washburn. Minnesota state etito- X mologist, should be cleared away, 4* preferably by burning, as such a burning destroys any insects V among the rubbish. Breed Ewes Late. Considering that prices for market lambs are good now at all seasons of the year, it is really better under or dinary farming conditions to breed ewes rather late in the fall, so that the lambs will arrive during the mild weeks of spring, when the ewes are out in the open and on green pasture. Less grain feed will lie required for the ewes to furnish a full flow of milk; hence the cost of growing the iaiubs to market size will be less. A Glance at Cur rent Topics and Events Socialist Practically Rules France. l'aris, Dec. P.». — M. Aristide Briaiul, premier of France for the third time, ranks among the ablest of the French statesmen, lie was minister of justice in the cabinet of M. Yiviani, whom he succeeded. A native of Nantes, in his fifty-third year, M. Bri : ml. after graduating in the law, de voted himself to politics and journal ism. Originally a revolutionary Social ist. time and experience have temper ed his views. The new premier lias been a mem ber of several cabinets. He first, be came premier in 1909 and handled masterfully the great railroad strike of 11)10. The general confederation of labor called a general strike on all French, railroads, .nul 30,000 men re sponded. France for a brief period was at the strikers' mercy. M. Bri and adopted an effective measure to end the strike, lie put out an order ■ Aristide Briand, the Newly Appointed Premier of France. calling the strikers "to tlie colors" for three weeks' training as reserves, an I directed them to protect the railroads. The strike collapsed, for Briand's shrewd move had made the strikers their own "strike breakers." Iiis min istry fell in 1911. President Elect Poincare asked M. Briand. then minister of justice, to form a cabinet in January, 1913. Iiis tenure of office as premier was brief, for in the following March the senate overthrew his government or. the ques tion of proportional representation. During his last premiership lie became involved in the Caillaux-Calmette af fair, and for a time his political star was dimmed. He regained popularity by being chiefly instrumental in pass ing the three years' conscription law. Want Naval Training Camp. Washington, I tee. 1.1. — Secretary Daniels has received a letter from the Illinois division of the Navy League of the United States asking him to hold a naval "Plattsburgh camp" at the great lakes naval training sta tion. near Chicago. The letter inclosed a petition in favor of such a camp, signed by several hundred prominent business and professional men of Chi cago, Milwaukee, Peoria, Davenport and other middle western cities. No response has been made to the petition, but sentiment is represented as being favorable to the project in naval circles. The plan suggested is for tlie establishment of a station, to be kept open all year, for training dif ferent. classes of recruits at different seasons of the year, professional men during the summer and vacation sea son, college students in the spring and fall and lake seamen during the win ter. when shipping is closed on the lakes. The project was originated by Wil liam Matliew Lewis, secretary of the Illinois division of the Navy league, formerly a professor at Lake Forest university, who asserts that many highly trained men in and near Chica go would be of greatest service to the navy as officers in the naval reserve, should war arise, if they could be giv en some initia' training. Cliff Dwellings Decay. Santa Fe. X. M., Dec. 21. - Immedi ate action must be taken to preserve the cliff dwellings and other ancient ruins of the southwest, according to Professor Nels C. Nelson, a widely known archaeologist, who reached here after an 800 mile journey, during which he visited ruins lying between Mesa Verde, Colo., and /.uni. X. M. The famous Cliaco canyon ruins of Xew Mexico are in a lamentable state of deterioration, and steps should be taken at once to prevent further decay, Professor Nelson declared. Ile has con ducted extensive excavations in vari ous parts of Xew Mexico. Echoca From "Blond" Eskimo. Philadelphia, Dec. 21.—The Univer sity museum, Philadelphia, has pur chased the large collection of Eskimo ethnological specimens gathered by Captain Joseph Bernard, who spent five years in the arctic, cruising in Iiis little trading vessel, the Teddy Bear, reach ing Xome a year ago. In the opinion of mining experts this collection is the most extraordinary iu the western hemisphere. There are nearly -100 specimens, rep resenting every phase of culture of the 2.1)00 Eskimos of Coronation gulf and Victoria Land, who until recently have had no communication with white men and apparently little with other Eski mos. The distinguishing characteristic of these Eskimos is that they use cop per implements made from ingots of native copper which they found at the mouth of the Copper river, wliie.i flows into Coronation gulf. It is these Eskimos whom Stefansson is reported to have discovered and among whom lie says he found a blond type. Captain Bernard says he preced ed Stefansson and was there when the latter arrived, lie remained two years after Stefansson's departure owing to the fact that the ice was so thick that he could not get out in 1913. Eighty Thousand Cancer Victims. New York, Dec. 21.—Cancer is on the increase in tile 1'nitcd States, the dis ease claiming 80 ,000 victims last year, 5,000 more than in the year before. This is on the authority of Dr. Curtio E. Lakeman of this city, executive sec retary for the American Society For the Control of Cancer. Dr. Lakeman says: "The public must learn that there is hope for the cure of cancer in early treatment of it and how rapidly hope fades away with delay." Children Laws In Forty-five States. Washington, Dec. 22. — Forty-five state legislatures and the congress of the United States passed laws affect ing children in 1915, according to the children's bureau of the United States department of labor. The bureau has just completed its survey of such legis lation during the present year and re ports in part: "A few of the forty-live states made notable advances. Alabama enacted a new child labor law, a compulsory school attendance law, an excellent desertion and nousupport law and a juvenile court law. Florida remodeled its treatment of juvenile delinquents and recognized the principle of com pulsory school attendance. "Kansas established an industrial commission to regulate work for wo men and minors and enacted a play ground and a mothers' pension law. New Jersey and Wyoming passed com prehensive acts relating to the care of dependent children, and Pennsylvania drafted laws relating to child labor and vocational education. "Alaska has forbidden the employ ment of boys under sixteen under ground in mines. Hawaii has passed a curfew law for girls under sixteen in Honolulu, the Philippines have pro vided dental clinics in 1 lie schools and social centers, and Porto lïico has passed a modern juvenile court law." To Restore Louvain Library, London. Dec. 20. — The reconstruc tion of the famous library of Louvain, destroyed in part by the Germans, will be undertaken by an international committee of distinguished savants, artists and men of letters of allied and neutral countries. Viscount .Tames Bryce is at the head of the British committee. M. Delanney, the librarian to the University of Louvain, during a visit to London in connection with the pro jected rebuilding of the library gave to the London Standard the following de tails of the loss it is hoped to repair: "The university was founded in 1425 and was a veritable child of the renais sance. No less a celebrity than the great Erasmus himself made two con secutive sojourns there. In the days of Justus Lipsius (1547-79) it boast ed 7,000 students and had a world wide reputation. At the dawn of the following century it had Cornelius .Tan sen as professor and rector. "Before the war the university en joyed great prosperity and new insti tutions. covering ail branches of hu man I;nowledge, were springing into c Mm //'f mm mm Viscount James Bryce Heads Move ment to Restore Famous Library. being. There were five faculties—the ology, law, philosophy and letters, sci ence and medicine. The number of students approached 3,000. They came from alt parts of the world and largely from America, but the majority were Belgians. Before his elevation to the archbishopric of Malines Cardinal Mer cier was professor of philosophy there. "As to the library itself, it contained 950 manuscripts, between 800 and 1,000 incunabula and more than 250,<hio vol umes. Among its more notable con tents were a little manuscript from the hand of Thomas a Kempis. the cele brated work of Andreas Vesalius (1514 011, the father of human anatomy, given to the university by Charles V., and many beautiful miniatures and edi tions rare and unique. 152 AJ Taft Again In Red Cross. Washington, Dec. 22.—President Wil son has appointed ex-President Taft chairman of the central committee of tile American Bed Cross to succeed Major General George AV. Davis, re tired, who resigned on account of ill health. When General Davis determined re cently to give op the work President Wilson, mindful of the former presi dent's experience for many years as president of the Bed Cross, wrote to him asking if he would accept the chairmanship. Later the president re ceived a letter from Mr. Tpft saying he would be very glad again to associate himself with the society's work. The appointment has followed. Mr. Taft was elected president of the American Bed Cross Feb. 8, 1905. He was re-elected successively and served until April 20, 1913, when, after the in auguration of Mr. Wilson as president of the United States, he resigned and suggested that the honor should go with the office of president qt' the Unit ed States. The suggestion was accept ed by the committee, and Mr. Wilson became head of the organization. Mr. Taft's appointment, it. is said, means that he will take active charge of the central governing body of the Bed Cross, which passes on all admin istrative affairs of the organization. He will preside at the business meet ings, which are held in Washington from time to time, and in that way will relieve the president from the de tail duties now required of him. Hymn Replaces "Tipperary." London, Dec. 20.—Recent letters from Hie trenches report that the famous Tipperary song lias been completely displaced by the old but still popular hymn "Onward. Christian Soldiers." A son of the writer of that hymn, the Bev. Sabine Baring-Gould, is now lighting in Flanders with the rank of lieutenant. Lieutenant Baring-Gould is well known in America and has made a small fortune here in the sale of Amer ican products. Despite his commercial success, however, he lost no time in joining the colors at the beginning of t lie war. Pellagra Cure Found? Washington, Dec. 22.—What is be lieved to be a dietary cure for pellagra has been found as the result of experi ments by the public health service. The cause of the disease, as well as the remedy, it was officially announced at the treasury department, has been dis covered. Assistant Secretary Newton, who has charge of the public health service, spoke of the discovery as one of the greatest achievements of med ical science in recent years. The disease has been making rapid inroads in the south, and cases have been occurring elsewhere in the United States with alarming frequency. It is estimated that, in recent years there have been 75.000 cases in the United States and that at least 7.500 persons will die this year from pellagra. Only tuberculosis and pneumonia exceed it in the number of victims. Talk With Fleet Coming. Washington, Dec. 22. Captain W. If. Billiard, superintendent of the naval wireless system, says that telephonic communication between tho navy department and war vessels at sea was only a question of installing the necessary apparatus. With their present equipment the ships can re ceive spoken messages from the Ar lington station, but are not able to re« ply vocally. "Wo are able to communicate with battleships now by means of wireless telegraphy." said Captain Billiard, "but wireless telephony holds many addi tional advantages. The person calling knows exactly to whom he Is talking, direct contact is established, and a re ply comes back Immediately." California to Be Electric. New York, Dec. 21.—The new bat tleship California, the keel of which was recently laid, will be the; world's first electric dreadnaught and from point of size will be greater than any foreign battleship built or building. The California and her two sister ships, the Mississippi and the Idaho, already authorized, will each displace 32,000 tons, almost 1,000 tons more than the new dreadnaught Pennsylvania, now on the way to completion. The California will be a ship of in novations. She will cost $7,800,000 without her armor or armament, which is expected to cost as much more. She will have a speed of twenty-one knots an hour, will be 024 feet long, ninety seven feet across her beam and will draw thirty feet of water. She will carry twelve fourteen-inch guns, mounted three abreast in a turret, and twenty-two five-inch rapid lire gun.; and will have four submerged torpedo tubes. The principal feature of the new Dreadnought, however, is the machin ery for propelling her by electricity. She will lie driven by motors which will deliver electricity made by steam. The navy experts believe the electric installation is cheaper than steam pro pulsion and reduces the weight of ma chinery. The collier Jupiter has been so successful with electric machinery that the navy feels justified In adapting it to Dreadnought. Outwardly the California will bring a drastic change of line and appearance to the battle fleet. Instead of the blunt gray nose of the present day big fight er lier bows will lie tapered into a graceful, yachtlike stem much like those of the famous clipper sailing ships that carried the American flag at the head of the world's swiftest craft iu the forties and fifties.