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! To Digest After Farm Work Is Done j
IL . ...... ♦ SKIMMILK CALVES They Make as Good Growth as When Fed on Whole Milk. WILL THRIVE WITH FLAXSEED There Is Nothing In Butter Fat That Calves Can Use In Building Body Tis sue, but Butter Fat Can Be Converted Into Body Heat and Body Fat, and Nutriment Can Be Supplied With Flax Meal. I have nimle calf roaring my busi ness for over twenty years and dur ing the last fifteen years have placed reliance on skimmilk. "writes Professor T. L. Ilaei'ken in the Ayrshire Quar terly. For growing calves 1 consider separator skimmilk at least equal to whole milk, though calves will not lay on as much fat as they will when whole milk is fed. hut, they will make as good growth and be as thrifty on * - \ V While thp Ayrshire is distinctly a dairy cow, she has those character istics which make lier an all round profitable cow, both while in milk and after she is dried off. She lias heavy hind quarters, thick loins, small bones, meat red. well flecked with tallow, attractive looking ami cuts up to the satisfaction of the butcher and the consumer. She cannot be fattened while giving milk, but as soon as dried off throws all her energies into laying on fat and is quickly in shape. The cow pictured is an Ayrshire. skimmilk. There is nothing in lmttor fat that a calf can use in building body tissue, but butter fat can be converted into body heat and body fat. and nutri ment for this purpose can be supplied more cheaply with tlax meal, which contains from 30 to liö per cent oil. My system of feeding is very uni form. When the calf is dropped 1 let it suck once and then remove it from the dam. If it is removed in the morning I give it no feed until the fol lowing morning. This is done so the calf will be hungry and will drink tin 1 milk without the finger. I give from three to four pints of its mother's milk a day. immediately after milking the dam. A small calf gets three pints and a large calf four pints. This I con tinue for about one week. Then for one week I give it whole milk half and skimmilk half twice a day. giving it only from three to four pints. The third week 1 feed all separator' skimmilk, but put in the milk a tea spoonful of ground flax. I gradually increase the skimmilk and tlax meal so that by the end of the fourth month it is receiving a heaping tablespoonful of flaxmeal and ten pints of milk twice a day. After the first month it has access to a little early cut hay and a little whole oats or p mixture of whole oats and bran or shorts. Cows Make $70 Apiece. Twelve Holstein cows owned bv Charles A. Smedley of Kensington, Kan., averaged HöO pounds of butter fat a cow last year and made him a nor profit of !?70 a cow. The price of the cow is not as important as the yield. These cows were a better buy at $300 each than they would have been at if they would yield only l-'O pounds of butter fat a year. ! Seed Selection and Wages. Catch but one bad ear in testing seed corn, and yoti save a good day's wages. Find the average number of bad ones, lind you sa\e a week s wages in a win ter's afternoon. IUiying seed is a busi Jiess proposition, not an exercise of faith. A Careful Business Man Is Careful of His Stationery The Stationery That We Turn Out In Our Job Department Is the BEST IN TOWN. We STRIVE TO PLEASE Our Cus* tomers. & & & Before Ordering Your Printing Else= where SEE US LIME FOR LEGUMES. How Good Yields of Clover Have Been Securcd In a New York County. "When County Agent Lacy began work in Dutchess county. X. Y.. he found the county almost destitute of leguminous crops." reads a recent rec ord in the tiles of the United States de partment of agriculture. "lied clover was the only one with which the farm ers were familiar, and they had failed so frequently in attempting to grow it that there was much discouragement. I liepeated trials with alfalfa had met j with almost uniform failure. lTotein j was purchased in the form of coiuen ; traies. j "The obvious need was home grown ! protein, and to secure it cheap lime and ! information in regard to growing vari ! ons legumes were necessary, (iround limestone was being offered for sale in the county as high as ss a ton, but very little was used at that price. "The county agent discovered where lime could be bought cheaply enough, but the freight rates were more than the cost of the lime. After some nego tiations an adjustment was secured from the railroads so that tinely pul verized limestone could be delivered to nearly every station in the county tic •S2.ÔO a ton or less. "As a result, good yields of clovet have been secured this year wherever lime has been used. The successful growth of clover and other legumes is a matter of utmost importance to the farmers of lMitchess county." CARE OF BROOD SOWS. Heavy Feeding at Farrowing Time Sure to Result In Loss. My experience with swine has been obtained largely in the handling of pure brcds. but there is one matter that has been forced upon my atten tion. and 1 believe 1 will pass my ex perience on t<> your readers, thinking that perhaps it may benefit some one. writes M. Arnold in the I wa Home stead. It took us years and years tu learn' not to overfeed at farrowing time or the first four weeks of the life of the litter. We believe there is much more harm done by overfeeding than under feeding. There is nothing looks s,> good to us as a hungry hog. We make much better gains that way than hav ing a bunch of hogs partially stalled, Me teed dry oats mice a day the year round. We had cholera shipped in to us once in thirty years. We feel proud of the fact that no one. not even our nearest neighbors, got cholera from us. We think that as a conditioner char coal and ashes. -s;i 11 and lime, mixed, is a good thing to keep where hogs can get at it. Copperas and sulphur or tur pentine is a 1 si » good at times. I am go ing to s a y we think the hog louse is the biggest nuisance there is just now. and it is a sin the way the.v are handed around. Many farmers don't know about them. We have cleaned our herd with throe or four gallons of coal o|j applied with a sprinkler in the pen 1 v. T)uroc-Jersey hog their constitutions to make pork chcti. ist ies of the Duroc-Jei tire valu id their < 'I ar m1 for ibility -icter ?asy heart gïri feeding, qualitj The.v are good rustler; lot and on mass, and the yoivs'aré prolific and are ^ood mothers. The •sow shown is a Imroc-Jersi v. whore they sleep, l'ut in lots of straw, so that what runs off will saturate the bedding. Make them sleep on this straw. I><» this before you commence to breed your sows. This is the only tiling I ever knew that does the busi ness with one application. ^ Many a swine breeder has lost an en tire crop of little pigs simply because of the mistake of overfeeding at fat rowing time. Sows fed too liberally at such a time overfeed the little pigs, and in cold, damp weather this invari ably means that the little f'ellov s are s' oui ed. and the end conies in twentv f "Ur or at the outside forty-eight hours. Successful dairymen understand the great importance of withholding milk making feeds for a time after a cow freshens, and the same policy should bo pursued in the handling of brood Afb'r you have learned ihat the earth is spinning through space like n ureal top and that we are all living on 'he outside of this lop yen probably wonder where we would till go if we fell off. Tile earth itself has enough power of attraction p, keep everything on its surface from falling off. Now. just imagine thai this power cd' attraction stopped altogether. If that happened and yon were indoors your head would hit the'toiling. If von H etc out of doors you Would go straight 111, into ihe sky for a long time, and gradually you would begin to move slower an.I slower and slower, for the resistance of the air would re tard you. At last you would conic to IF YOU FELL OFF THE EARTH. CHOOSING AN INCUBATOR. Fertile Eggs the Prime Need of the Artificial Hatching of Chicks. If a good »uake of incubator is used and properly operated the cause of poor hatches is generally due to some outside condition that litis affected the eggs, writes a correspondent of the Country (ientleman. The iucubator.no matter how good, cannot vitalize eggs with weak germs, nor can it hatch the best of eggs without intelligent opera tion. I»nt if the eggs are hatclmble the machine "ill hatch them fully as weil as the hen and in much larger quanti t ies. Many persons expect too much from incubators. Hatches of !>."> to 100 per cent are the exception, not the rule, and it should be remembered that the average is much less. When small docks are kept and allowed freedom, as «in most tarms. hatches of 70 to SO pet cent ate very good. Many of the large poultry plants do not average more than * ? -•' v. es Minor as are one of ti c great ess laying breed. They are larger than the Leghorns, the males weighing from 7> 2 to :i pounds and t • females from tit- to TP. pounds. They aie supposed to have originat ed in Spain, or, according to some authorities, in the island of Mi norca. off the coast of Spain. The .Minorca-' have been brought to their highest perfection in Kngland, from where they were imported to America in 1 S T s . The cock shown is a Black Minor a. the hatch is been took for per ( out. When fails, though the machine properly operated, look to the the cause. The prospective purchaser of an hi> cubator is, if without experience, greatly perplexed by the claims made for various types of machines. There are two general classes of incubators— hot air and hot water heat, each class having machines of tlie moisture and the nonmoisture type. The hot air heated machines are those in which fresh air is taken in at the flirt pas the thr. lamp, heated by it and passed ugh the egg chamber, usually first ing over a metal radiator above eggs, then over the eggs and mit ugh variously arranged outlets. In s< »1)1» only tilt* OL'tTS. 1 KM". Th lien ted bv hot ail [»HSSOS us. 110 v machines ill.- heated air >ver the radiator above r entering t he egg chain hot water machines are auks or pipes above the egg trays j n which water heated by a lamp circulates. AHEAD OF THE GAME. When you break (•von on your beeves you are ahead of the game provided you save the ma nure. especially if you have kept hogs following the cattle. "Sav ing the manure" doesn't mean saving merely one-third or one fourth. It means saving 7o per cent or more, liquid as well as solid. The problem of keeping live stock with profit is largely a matter of making use as silage, roughage or bedding of. stuff that is wasted on the average farm. Weeds and wood seeds, usually counted worse than nothing, may bo put oil the right side of the lodger by means of a few sheep Jumbo Hcgs. Three . f America's biggest hogs are -Iumbo I'rincc. shown at the Iowa state fair, weight l.otiô pounds: Long I hief. at Indiana state fair. 1 ,'i]o pounds, and Big Tim. Nebraska state fair. LL-'ö pounds. These hogs were of tile big type p 0 - hind China breed and were active and not overfat. The ligures given here are a -tual a stop, and there you would slay. And very cold you would find it. If the air did not resist, with the least little jump you would go sailing ofl in.o space, 'I 11:11 is the only wav you could fall off the earth, wh- n the earth's attraction slopped ami when I he air did not resist. Exchange. THE SONG OF THE SWORD. 1MJ0AK mik ! lean, j41.1v .uni «rue! * * Short hi!ted, long sin- ftcd, I fro/»* into st< < I. Ami the Mood nf my eW!er ; II is ham] on t! »• iinfts of me, ►Sprang I : ! ; • ■ a wave In thr wind, as the sense <n his str*.*nji'th urew to ecstasy; In tho throat or' tin* l'orna«-«' — William Kniest Ilenjey. A(jla ncea <Cu rrentTopics and Events Radium $9,000,000 a Pound. Radium $9,000,000 a Pound Washington, March K—-More than s'.i.h h i.oiki a pound would be the price a<ked lor radium were that quantity el the valuable metal available and for sale at one time. I.ate in 101."» one and I iie-tonth grams of radium (element) were sold in this country at the rate of si-'UH'o a gram, according to a report issued b\ tin» 1 nited States (Jeologieal Survey. The entire output of the T'nit ed Slates last year, however, was only six grams, or about one-seventy-sixth id a pound avoirdupois. The European war caused a great slump in the pro duction of radium, as in 1014 •Jl',3 -rains were produced. "The 1 nited States lias the largest known radium bearing deposits in the world. says the (Jeologieal Survey, "but the market for radium is mostly ia Kurope, for although Americans like to feel that they are sulliciently pro gressive to take hold of and use to the full new discoveries, inventions and processes, yet the European municipal ii ies and hospitals have boon buying and utilizing most of the radium pro duced. When the war began, there lore. causing European money to flow into other channels, the demand for ra dium fell off so greatly that there was practically no market for radium or even uranium ores in the early part of l'.ilö. and very little market during any part of the year." As a result of the collapse of the ra dium market, mining of radium bear ing ores, except for such work as was necessary to hohl claims, was nearly stopped. Through the efforts of the ex perts of the Fnited States bureau of mines, a process has been developed by which radium has been produced at a cost of ,S."7..">00 a gram. The chief holds of the radium bearing ores are in ( 'olorado and I t,ah. Five Years of War. I'a ris. March 7. Mme. do Thebes, who on Hoc. '_'(>, 101M. predicted that in the following year France would be drawn info war, now prophesies that the war will continue for five years and that peaceful calm would not be re-established for a dozen years after t hat. "A black and red year upon a field of biazing gold" is the phrase used by the famous soeress in summing up her prophecy for 1010. The soeress was tillable to say whether President Wilson would be re elected. remarking that "the stars are dim, and there are sable spots in the Ilea vens." She could not identify these spots ,-is cither Bryan or lîoosevolt. "America's brilliancy in the heavens is unshadowed for the present," she said. "The future will bring certain black mists arising from the menace of social upheavals duo to the great for tunes acquired through the misfortunes of Kurope. An excess of prosperity— that is the one fieek on tile brightness of the perspective, as far as the United States is concerned." Bulgars to Learn German. London, .Mardi N. A dispatch to the Times from Saloniki says that a der ma n municipal commission has arrived at Sofia fo consult with the authorities wit h regard to measures for organizing the municipality on Herman linos. Tile Bulgarian government, the cor respondent adds, at the request of Her niatiy. will present a bill in parliament making the teaching of Herman obliga tory in all the Bulgarian schools. tory in all the Bulgarian schools. ' ; j ! Whole World Ours to Develop. New York. March t;. dore N. Vail, president of the American Tele phono and Telegraph company and one who has analyzed the American people and who thoroughly understands them, recently said when asked what he would do if he wore a young man again : "That is a big question. There are so many opportunities big and small open & L' Theodore N. Vail, President of the American Telephone and Telegraph Company. to every one."' Continuing, Mr. Vail said : "The Fniicd Stales today i> in the same position in relation to the rest of ihe world as the thirteen original s t a t es were in regard to what is now the I'uited States, .lust as the original thirteen states had at I heir very doors the whole continent from the Allogho uios to the Pacific |o develop and coti ijiior. so today there is the whole world waiting to be developed by American capital and American brains and American energy. There is the whole world to compter, tile winde of man Kind to servo. Tli.lt is Ihn oliliortunitv kind to serve». That is the opportunity of the Culled States. "•lust at present and for some years to conic England and France, the great capitalist, nations that tip Jo now have developed the earth and given civiliza tion to the raw and naked lands, will be shut off from competing with us. We can, we will, have the field to our selves and the whole world to develop. Wars Against Turks In Asia. London. March <>. Lieutenant (lou erai Sir Percy Henry Noel Lake, who recently took supreme command of the British forces operating iu Mesopota mia, Asiatic Turkey, succeeded (Jouerai Sir John Nixon. who has been invalid ed home. The new commander in Mesopotamia is in his sixty-lirst year and entered the British war establishment in 1N73 as a lieutenant oMIie Fifty-ninth regi X MMgl 5* General Sir Percy Henry Noel Lake, Commanding British In Mespotnmia. ment of infantry. He served with dis | titlet ion in the Afghan war and was awarded a medal for meritorious sorv j ices. He also was with Wolseley in ; the Nile expedition of lssö. for which I he received a medal with clasp. For a I time after that he served at army : headquarters as assistant chief of the intelligence bureau and lalor was a member of Lord Wantage's committee on "terms of service." For a time be served in Ireland and was thou sent to Canada fo reorganize the militia of ; the Pomitiioi). In mil he left Canada to assume command of a division in In dia. and since lbl'J until the present war broke out he has been chief of the ! general staff in India. which she will vorn 1 i'.i nui "Woody Tiger" Rivals 'Toddy Bear.'' j Now York. .March b. The "Woody ! tiger" has succeeded ihe "Teddy bear" j and is to be used as an emblem during ! the coining I >01)101 -ra t ic campaign. Mr ' I!. P. Hampton, a relative by marriage j of (ieneral Wade Hampton anil a warm admirer of President Wilson, originated the idea of the tigers and j has made a huge ont j present to ,Mrs. Wilso: 'Mrs. I lampion has the tigers in variou ironi six inches in height to two feet fall, all of I hem being her own handi work. Several prominent politicians became interested in the idea and have ordered a number of miniature "Woodys" to use as a campaign em blem. Birds Increase During War. New York, Mandl <i. Wild birds which were formerly sled as game have boon increasing rapidly since Ihe war in France. Belgium and other j countries, according to T. Cilbort Pear- j son, secretary of the National Associa tion of Audubon Societies. "For example, the French govern ment has stopped all hunting," he said, "and the minister of war has issued an order that tlie sale of native game would not be tolerated. ordinarily more than a thousand Puis of native killed game are sold annually in the markets of Franco, representing many millions of game birds. "P.elgiiim in time of peace was one of the greatest bird catching countries in Europe. More than öo .ooo skylarks as well as hundreds of thousands of other birds were annually trapped and ex ported from that country for food. Our correspondents have found Ihat there was loss hunting iu all parts of Kurope I hau formerly.'' Gas Mask For Fire Chief. New York, March 7. If a gas mask, such as each French soldier in the trenches dons when the (iermaiis com mence tiring gas bombs, is as effective in (lie case of smoke as it is said to be, P.attalion <'liief Charles Stone, com manding the tiremon of Jamaica. N. Y.. will never be suffocated. He iias been presented with a mask such as the French soldiers wear. The giver was M. F. Lockwood, pres ident of the Jamaica Water Supply company, who is an enthusiastic "buff." Chief Stone says he will wear the mask at bis next smoky lire. If ii proves effective he may recommend its use by I lie New York lire department, ll is far less cumbersome than the smoke helmets now iu use. On each side of Ihe nose, when Un mask is strapped tightly over the fact», I are two small pockets, containing a j chemical which counteracts the effect 1 of poisonous gases. [J l A | N»u> A»»» ci:-- i «... New Aero Flies Low. London, March 7. The editor of the Aeroplane writes that the Hermans have produced a now form of aero plane to overcome I ho disadvantage of (lying at the enormous heights im posed by the range of anti-air craft guns. Those guns have made accural observation very difficult. r l ho now machine is oxeoodinglv fast, though perhaps not so fast as the Fok kor, and is designed to H y below (In line of fire to which anti-air craft guns can bo trained and also below the height at which shells can be made n. burst with accuracy. This obviously brings if within the range of rides and machine guns. For this reason it is heavily armored for Ihe thorough protection of passen gers, tanks and engines from small arm projectiles. The wings, propeller and tail are obviously impossible to armor, but oxpoWcneo has shown that those may bo perorated hundreds of times without serious effort to the machine. The writer learns Ihat such a ma chine can be seen regularly in the neighborhood of Y pres. The Itritish have named il (he "copporbolly," ow ing to the color of Ihe armor. II is pre sumed ihat it is used to locate English batteries. Frenchwomen In Soldiers' Places. Paris, March U.— "Women must re place auxiliary soldiers in the army clothing stores, uniform repair shops, hospitals and, so far as possible, iu tin shell making factories." says (louerai (■'allien! in a statement made public this evening. Itigiil instructions fo this effect have boon' sent to the military authorities throughout I'ranot-. "An initial experiment in tentatively replacing men with women." Honorai Hallieni says, "has proved completely successful. The time has come I <> draft the women for real army work." Handles Cur Affairs In Holland. Washington. March 7. When l>r. Henry van 1 >yko sailed for Holland to take up his «lut ies as Foiled Slates minister to The Hague ami Luxemburg no signs tit' the great war Ihat was soon to convulse Europe were dis cernible. lie went abroad in Septem ber, 1 ! » 1 : !. Now lit- has returned to I his country for a brief vacation from his diplomatie duties. While l>r. van l>yke\s work has not been so arduous '-'y.. ' > Dr. Henry van Dyke, Who Represents Us at The Hague. as that of our representatives stationed in the warring nations, his station at Tin- Hague has boon on the fringe of war's alarms, and the war has brought many unusual problems to him for solut ion. W hen l>r. van I iv ko was appointed to his present diplomatic p.'.si i, v I'ro i deut Wilson lit- was a member of the faculty of Princeton university pro fessor of English literature, lie is a native of ( lerinantovvn. Pa„ and was graduated from Princeton in 1S7:;. Later lie st ut I ici I at the 1 diversity of Merlin and iu 1S7!> was ordained a minister iu the Presbyterian church, lie went at once to the Fnited Con gregational church at Newport. Ii. 1„ and remained there until I SSL', v .lioii he was called fo the I'.rick Presbyte rian church. New York city. 1 >r. va u i >yke has boon preacher fo Harvard and Lyman Keochor lecturer at ^ ale. In IbPN-b he was American lecturer at the Sorbonne, in Paris. Many honors have been showered upon him by universities and societies and his church because of his achieve ments. He has found time aside I'ro.u his duties to write many books and a groat ileal of poetry. Mail Boxes Mo w All the Same. Washington, March 7. Kural and star route mail boxes have boon stand ardized by order of the postmaster general. The new boxes are to be larger than the old, although in gen eral respects the requirements are the sann- in order to meet ihe needs id' patrons who patronize the parcel post sort ice régulai ly. Coin holders of galvanized iron rivet etl to Ihe inside ol the boxes are pro vided tor money loft by pal runs who have no stamps to attach to their mail. All mail boxes pm i,i service after July 1. I'.'lii, on rural or star routes must « oiiiorin lo the now ret|uireuionts. The boxes must he painted with alu niinium bronze, boar the inscription "F. S. Mail" on I heir doors, and oat h iiiiisi have the owner's name stenciled in black loiters at least au inch high ou both sides.