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liency lias been thoroughly demonstrat
ed. Superintendent Ilall has built be tween the Insisting works and the large mill a frost and fire-proof house in which he has placed a "C. C." Knowles pump, which is intended solely for use as a pro tection against fire. In count c ion with this lie has purchased two hose carts and 1,600 feet of substantial hose, and at suitable points around all of the works he has placed 14 fire plugs, and wliere ever there is an engine a reel of hose stands ready for instant use, not to say anything of the numberless buckets which hang around the premises in every conceivable place. Only once during the past year has there been any need for these apparatus, and then the men gave full emphasis to the fact that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Some months ago the retort room caught fire and the alarm was promptly given by the engineer at the mill. In less time than it takes to tell it there were three or four streams pouring upon the burning building, and notwithstanding the fact that the hoards were as dry as tinder, little more than the shingles suffered damage. The ac tivity displayed by the men and eondi tion in which the appliances are kept fully justifies the high esteem in which : the Superintendent holds his fire bri gades, and demonstrated that the men BfMSg THE PARROT SMELTER. themselves take an earnest and lively interest in the affairs of the company. Clark 4 Lurable, Banker.«. The banking house of Clark .& Larahie is ! one of the pioneer institutions of the kind in Montana. It began business at Deer Lodge ill the spring of 1870, where they still j have a house under the management of Mr. ! S. E. Larabie. During the years of 1871: to 1875, inclusive, the Deer Lodge house shipped East from one to one and a half million dollars' worth of gold each year. : The firm opened a house here in February. | 1877, under the management of Mr. W. A. Clark. This was the first bank in Butte, I and the business was at first small, but grew rapidly, until now it requires five men : to do the work. The firm 1ms been one of the most successful in the history of the Territory. It is safe to say that more people pass through its doors, daily, than any other bank in the West. The manage ment is liberal, always leaning generously towui'd men who are building up the coun try, and many of the leading merchants of the city owe their prosperity to the aid ex tended them in their early struggles. Never theless, there is no bank in the country in the conduct of which more caution and dis cretion is used. In a business ruuniug up into the millions, its losses have been very ■mail. The large private fortunes of the individu al members of this firm are liable for every dollar due depositors, and this fact being known, removes every vestige of anxiety on tbeir part. This prosperous firm, so long and firmly established, is looked upon with confidence by our citisens as one of tbs safest institutions in Montana. : PAKROT MISE AND SMELTER Mountains of Ore in Sijrlit at the Present Time. Itlclincss sin«! 10\ teilt of tti« Ort* ttod.v as It Is 0|H-nc(l. A Sketch of the Smelter and the Process by Which so Much Copper is Being Produced. The Parrot has always been looked upon as one of the most valuable mines in this district, and a visit by any person who has the least knowledge of what constitutes a mine would certainly satis fy him that the Parrot is a very rich property, practically managed, thor oughly ventilated, and one which bids fair to pour additional wealth into the pockets of its stockholders, and to and to the prosperity of the city for a long time to come. TIIE 130 FOOT LEVEL. The'shaft was sunk to this level in what is known as the South Ledge. The West drift on the 130-foot level is carried in 400 feet from the shaft. The ledge in the face of the drift is at present almost I barren. This, however, is not looked upon as being very discouraging, as the experience of the management lias been that in some places the ledge shows but a few inches of ore, while in other places it lias widened out to thirty feet, and upwards. The average width of the ledge, however, of pay ore on this level is about six feet. There are on this level in the different stopes, drifts, etc., at least 35,000 tons of ore ready for extrac tion. It might be stated as we go along that Superintendent Tibhey lias a sure method of determining the extent of ore bodies. A drift is carried in through the ledge a considerable distance on one level, and then raises are carried up at intervals along the vein to the level above. These cut the ledge into sec tions, or blocks, and by measurement the actual quantity of ore in sight can be arrived at. The different stopes on this level look well, and many tons of ore will yet be extracted from the same. In fact, the western part of this level j has not been worked to any great ex tent. The company heretofore have di rected their attention to the eastern portion of the mine. The ledge in that part of the mine bas been nearly all worked out from the 230 to 50 feet above the 130-foot level. It can, therefore, readily be Been that nothing has been done in the western part of the mine, with the exception of running the I ! : I i ! drifts and raises for the purpose of cut ting the ledge into blocks, so as to de termine its extent and to make it more economical and safe to work. the 230-foot level was next visited. The ledge in this level is about 30 feet from the shaft and con nects with the shaft by means ofa cross cut. The west drift is now in 330 feet. Tlie face of the drift looks better now than it has fur some time past, show ing two feet of very fine ore. The drift on the north ledge, on the 230-foot level, is i n 4-i0 foot. The face of this drift is in barren ground, but the several stopes oil Hi*' ledge on this level are looking well and show vast ore bodies ready for ex traction. THE 330 FOOT LEVEL. The 330-toot level is very rich. No ore has been extracted from this point to the 230-foot level, and except from the drifts, two lloors of stopes and a few raises, put up to determine the extent of the ore. The west drift on the south ledge is now being carried on with vigor, and the face shows good ore. The east drift is now 150 feet from the shaft. Some very fine looking rock has recently been encountered in the east ern ground, between the 330 and 230-foot I levels, upon which developments are being 'actively pushed. The west drift on the north ledge is in 400 feet from the shaft. There are four feet of good ore in the face of this drift. This ore was struck last Aiig uat and was an entirely now thing, it having never been found on the upper levels. THE MAIN SHAFT. The main shaft has been sunk 450 feet and a new level opened up at the 430-foot station, and (as we presented some months ago, that the opening up of the level would prove that the ore body would increase in sise) the vein in the north has been cut 28 feet from the shaft which shows a solid vc * n of ore of four feet in thickness, and assays 23 per cent, pure copper, which is eight per cent, richer than the ore in the upper levels. The cross-cut on the south drift of this level has been run 20 feet, but it is not expected that the south vein will be cut under fifty feet from the shaft. The mine has never looked so well as it does to-day, and Superin tendent Tibbey, who is known to be very conservative in his estimates, says that without taking into consideration the ore in this level, there are 165,000 tons of ore in sight—truly an encouraging outlook tor the Parrot. THE DAILY PRODUCTION OF ORE is now 320 tons, which will be increased to over 400 tons in another month. The following is the estimated amount of work done on the Parrot Mine: Depth of shaft.......................450 ft Airwaysandwinses........ 630 " 1,080 ft Linear feet cross-cats..... 765 Drifts............................. 4,216 Stops............................ 46,854 -50,885 ft Total length in milss................... 9.5 Cubic feet excavated, cross-cuts 68,580 I i j 1 Diiits......................................... 295,12** Stope..........................................2,739,382 Total.................................... S, 08S, 05^ EXCELLENT MANAGEMENT. The Parrot is one of the best managed mines in the country. Kverything in and around the mine runs as if by clockwork. The hoisting machinery is after the most approved pattern: the shaft is as safe as it can possibly be made; the stations are all models of neatness, and the levels are alt securely timbered. During the lour years and seven months in which Superintend ent Tibhey has had control of the compa ny's affairs, not a man has been killed, or met with a serious accident in the mine. The .mine throughout is rendered very pleasant by the perfect mode of ventilation practiced by the management, and the general condition of the property is such as to retlcct groat credit on Mr. Tibbey's admirable management. THE PRODUCTION OF THE MINE. All metallurgical authorities agree that copper is the most permanent mineral. The celebrated copper mines of England and Wales have been worked constantly for the past two hundred years, without becoming exhausted. Mineralogy, like all other sciences, determines results from known experiments and experience, and judging from the well known tendency of cop per veins to increase in site and richness as depth is gnined, it is safe to predict that the capacity of the Parrot mine as a cop per producing property will be more than treble what it now is after the present gen eration shall have passed away. The mine has produced 300,000 tons of ore since it was opened, containing an average of 12 per cent, of copper. The valuable minerals are chalcocite,. bornite, chalopyrite, enargite and telrahe drite, popularly known as copper glance, variegated copper, copper pyrites, arsenical copper und gray copper, respectively. The ore also contains sufficient iron in the form of iron pyrites and in the bornite and chalcopyrites for fluxing the gangne in-, smelting—the gangue is mainly quarts. THE ORE IS ASSORTED at tbe mine into two classes. The first 1 class contains 18 per cent, of copper and bijt little gaugue; the second class con tains 10 per cent, of copper and requires to be concentrated before being smelted. The mine produces easily sufficientors to keep the smelter running, and there in sufficient ore in sight in tbe different stopes to supply the smelter to Its full capacity without any farther development tor the next eighteen months. There is a tramway and car track lead ing from the mine to the smelter, over wbieh the ore is carried to the furnaces in m»»i> care, banted by mules. This is an econom ical way of transporting the ore, as cade ear has a capacity of five tons.