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FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
X; m HI 5 I V; I I , : : ; 35 ; ■ % 5 . i g m i m I • . y I m r : 5 : g ill ,3 : 3? ,x : s Î ;i£ ,.x 9 :: ï m m ».s '• ■ DEMOCRATS PUT Picked Roosevelt and Garner as Standard Bearers for National Race. By WRIGHT A. PATTERSON Chicago.—The democracy of Amer ica met in national convention in this city, and, at the end of six days and two nights of strenuous labor, had se lected Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York as Its candidate for Presi dent ; Speaker John N. Garner of Texas as its candidate for vice presi dent; adopted a platform, one plank of which provides for repeal of the Eighteenth amendment and the imme diate modification of the Volstead act to permit the sale of beer and light wines; listened to the speech of ac ceptance by its candidate for Presi dent, and adjourned. The above paragraph tells the news of the Democratic convention. It tells what was presumably done in the con vention hall, but no news paragraph can give the reader a picture of a na tional political gathering, nor can that picture be painted with only the in gredients found in a convention hail. Both national conventions of this year consisted of a gathering of 2,308 delegates and alternates ; men and women from every state in the Union and from every outlying possession. Quite naturally they felt they were at Chicago representing the sovereign will of their party members in their respective districts, and sat in the convention, in the glare of the spot lights, for that purpose. But of that 2,308 men and women less than one fourth actually had a voice in decid ing what would be done, and the one-fourth diplomatically times brutally, told the other 1,500 what they would do. A goodly per centage of the 2,308 delegates and al ternates did not know just what it was all about. On the floor of the convention about 90 per cent of the activities was bunk and ballyhoo, noise and hysteria, a useless effort to create sentiment for or against this, that or the other policy, or this that or the other can didate. The other 10 per cent con sisted of the ratification of what had been accomplished by the leaders be hind closed doors in committee meet ings held In hotel rooms, not done In that way a convention would never end, and party govern ment In America would be impossible. Conventions Much Alike. That, in brief. Is a picture of any national political convention, and it was as true of the Democratic con vention as of any other, with the ex ception that the committees were in or some If it were no sense unanimous, and there were minority reports presented from prac tically every one of them on prac tically every question of policy, the end, however, the wishes of the majority of each committee were rati fied by the majority on the floor. The ballyhoo of the convention was particularly noticeable, as it always has been, at the time of presenting the names of candidates to the con vention. It began shortly before two o'clock Thursday afternoon, continued until the adjournment at six, began again at nine that night and continued without a break until four-thirty Fri In day morning. For nominating speeches, of which nine—Roosevelt, Smith, there were Ritchie, Traylor, Garner, White, Byrd. Reed and Murray—20 minutes each was allowed. For seconding speeches, of which there were more than 30, five minutes each was allowed. Following each nominating speech came periods of carefully staged hilarity which was supposed to represent enthusiasm, but which In the majority of cases repre sented noise produced by the pipe organist with the aid of all the loud pedals on the instrument. Gallery Always in Evidence. The exceptions were the demonstra tions for Governor Smith and Gov ernor Ritchie, tions the unruly gallery gods took hand and supplemented the noise made by the pipe organ. To the gal lery gods these two candidates repre sented beer, and beer to the galleries was the most important subject be fore the convention. The demonstra tion for Roosevelt lasted 45 minutes. Then followed that for Speaker Gar ner, participated in by the "Gray Mare band" of Dallas and a goodly number of Texans imported for the purpose. Then came the naming of Governor Smith, and pandemonium broke loose in the galleries, as well as with the Smith delegations. They kept it up for one hour and two min utes, the record for the convention. That ended the afternoon. Four hours gone and three of the nine names be fore the convention. In these demonstra a It began again at nine and through the long weary hours of an all-night session there was speech and bally hoo, speech and ballyhoo, until four thirty Friday morning when that part of the job was completed and the roll was called on the first ballot for the party's candidate for President. The result was: Roosevelt, 666%; Smith, 201% ; Garner, 92% ; White, 52; Tray lor, 42% ; Byrd, 25; Reed, 24; Mur ray, 23; Ritchie, 21; Baker, 8%. Mr. Roosevelt lacked 103% of the needed two-thirds to secure a nomination. Two more ballots were taken without material change In the result, and then, at eight-thirty in the morning the weary crowd quit until eight-thir ty Friday night. Roosevelt Wins. Trades were made during Friday. Speaker John Garner was assured of second place on the ticket if his dele gates threw their votes to Roosevelt, and the nomination was made on the first ballot taken at the Friday night session, the fourth ballot of the con vention, Roosevelt receiving 945 votes, Smith 190%, with 12% votes scattered between Ritchie, Baker, White and Cox. The Smith delegations stood loyally by their champion to the end, and motion to make the there was no nomination of Mr. Roosevelt unani mous. At the Saturday session Speaker John N. Garner was chosen as the party's candidate for vice president. At that session Mr. Roosevelt, who had reached Chicago by plane, was present and was received with tu multuous enthusiasm. He was official notified of his nomination and made his speech of acceptance. The convention opened at 12:45— forty-five minutes late—on Monday. The stars of the first performance National Chairman Raskob, iy were making his last appearance; Com mander Evangeline Booth, of the Sal vation army, and Senator Barkley, chairman. In his opening temporary address the subtle wit of the national was just a bit over the chairman heads of his duce the rip-snorting hilarity charac Deraocratic convention, more to the iik teristic of a Senator Barkey was ing of the delegates and the audi ence and his slaps at the Republicans brought down the house and created the noisy demonstrations that made it and sound like a Democratic look gathering. The not up to treat their Democratic guests any better than they had treated the Re nublicans. and a third of the seats in the Stadium were vacant. Rut Chicago the fireworks would not start crowd on the opening day was expectations. Chicago did not knew the first day. Not In Evidence. of the Tuesday "Scraps' With the opening 12:50—fifty minutes late— all set to witness a real There was the over contested session at Chicago was Democratic shindig. of a scrap promise delegations nesota; another over the permanent chairmanship, Walsh ^. Shouse; and the two-thirds from Louisiana and Min third promised over a rule. But the big Chicago audience that filled every available seat was dis appointed. The session did not de velop—on the surface—any fights but all the evidence of a Democratic love feast, except for Senator Huey Long's castigation of the "bunch of outlaws'' that were contesting the seats of the senator's group of delegates. To be sure It had not been possi ble for the committees on credentials and on permanent organization to ar rive at unanimous opinions and there were minority reports from both com mittees brought to the floor of the convention, the vote of the various members of the committees Indicating very clearly just where the strength or weakness of the leading candidate lay. In the committees with one vote from each state it was very evident that Governor Roosevelt could con trol the majority reports of these committees. The first test came on the seating of the Long delegation from Louisi ana, which was instructed for Roose velt, the contesting delegation being uninstructed. Long won. The minority report, the adoption of which would have un seated his delegates, was defeated by a vote of 638% to 514%. At the suggestion of Senator Bark ley the oratory had been confined to the Louisiana contest and he also suggested that the convention dis pose of that case before the dele gates had "perpetrated" upon them the oratory in the Minnesota contest. The speech making in the Minnesota case there were several, telling of the vir tues of all Minnesota Democrats, only some had more virtues than others, depending upon which delegation they belonged to. The contestants were quite willing to he satisfied with half the honors, and proposed that 4>oth delegations be seated, each delegate having half a vote. In the end the contestants were defeated by a vote of 658% to 492%. Walsh Wields Gavel. The settling of these contests was followed by what the chairman re ferred to as the "controversy" over the selection of the permanent chair -3: JOHN N. GARNER man. The Roosevelt majority wanted Senator Walsh, the Smith, Ritchie, Reed, White, Murray, etc., etc., minor ity wanted Jouett Shouse, of Kansas. That "controversy" was productive of eulogistic oratory. Ralph C. O'Neill, of Kansas, eulogized Walsh while talking for Shouse, and J. F. Burns, of South Carolina, eulogized Shouse while talking for Walsh. Then came the former Democratic standard bear er, John W. Davis, who eulogized both Shouse and Walsh, though presum ably talking for Shouse. On the roll call Walsh was elected by a vote of 626 to 528. To complete the love feast the elected and the defeated candidates had their pictures taken together on the speakers' platform. The expected fight over the rules did not materialize. Governor Roose velt had called a halt on the effort to change the century-old rule of a two-thirds vote to nominate. Altogether it was a mild affair. No rip-snorting, roaring, Democratic demonstrations: no fistic arguments; real entertainment for the Chicago audience that had purchased season tickets at prices up to $50; nothing to Indicate that it was a Democratic National convention in session. Wet Chicago went to the convention Wednesday night to help the wet Dem ocratic majority put plank. good-natured mob that crashed the gates of the Stadium to the extent of thousands and finally forced the clos ing of the doors to the exclusion of large numbers who held legitimate tickets of admission. Genuine Ovation for "AI." no over its wet It was a roaring, howling, The one outstanding note of Wednes was day night's tumultuous session the reception accorded Governor Smith when he took the platform to speak for the majority liquor plank. the hero of the convention, and. He was regardless of the fact that he wiii not get their votes, the idol of nine-tenths Despite every effort of the chairman to restore order that the business of the convention might he expedited, the roaring, marching demonstration for "AI" last ed fifteen minutes. The drys had a hard time, galierv gods did not want to hear them, and made that fact evident. Despite every possible effort on the part of Senator Walsh, and ail of the he could put into his of the delegates. howling, The biting sarcasm denunciation of the behavior of the mob. nobody was permitted to hear the speakers supporting the plank pre sented by the minority, the oratory, whether heard or not, did not change a single delegate vote, and the "dripping wet" plank was adopted by a vote of 934% to 213%. But ail of NEW INTEREST IN LONG-PASSED RACE Neanderthal Study Revived by Scientists. The recent announcement made by George Grant McCurdy, director of the American School of Prehistoric Research, that three Neanderthal skeletons had been unearthed at the foot of ML Carmel, near Haifa, Palestine, has focused new atten tion on this long extinct race. Not only does the find confirm recent archeological theories concerning the antiquity of human domination in that part of the world, but it also promises a wealth of new informa tion about this ancient people. Neanderthal men seem to have been the sole representatives of the human race In Europe in the last glacial epoch, but until recently no sign of these men or their char acteristic* culture, known as the Mousterian, had been found else where. Following the discovery at Dusseldorf, skulls and stone imple ments of Neanderthal type were discovered at Gibraltar, at several places in France, in Jersey, Malta. Moravia and Croatia. Implements and other indications of Neander thal Inhabitation, but no skeletons have also been found in England. The date of Neanderthal occupa tion in Europe may be estimated as extending from 40,000 to 20.000 B. C., though some archeologists believe that the period was much longer—perhaps mensurable in hun dreds of thousands of years, in any case, this now extinct race undoubt edly inhabited Europe and Asia Minor for a period at least as long as that in which succeeding races have Inhabited it. Their culture, such as it was, certainly dominated these regions for thousands of years, and was replaced by that of the Cro-Magnon people—and essen tially modern type of man—only after the retreat of the great ice front made it possible for a less hardy human type to survive. Dr. Ernest A. Hooton, of Harvard university, recently described the Neanderthal as "a human type that is distinctly anthropoid in jaw pro trusion and chinlessness. They made, several varieties of flaked flint im plements with finely retouched edges ; they buried their dead with some ceremony, and they contested suc cessfully with the cave bear the ten ancy of caverns with southern ex posures." Until recently, it was supposed that the Neanderthal race held sway only in Europe, since no remains had been discovered elsewhere. In 1925, however, part, of a Neanderthal skull was found by F. Turville Petrie, a young archeologist, while he was ex cavating a large cave on the western shore of Lake Galilee. This discovery stirred archeologists to a more thorough search for traces of ancient man in the caves of Pales tine. One of the most famous work ers was Miss Dorothy A. E. Garrod, who had charge of a joint expedition sent by the American School of Pre historic Research and the British School of Archeology. Miss Garrod found in a cave near Athlit exten sive remains of early man, dating back until the Neanderthal period, and giving a more or less connected history of the various human cul tures that existed in that region from about 40,000 years ago to the present. In the upper layers of the sediment in this cave, which is known by na tives as "Mugharet-ei-Wnd," were relics of civilization from the Bronze age to the present. Beneath this layer was a stratum designated as Mesolithic, and lower still were suc ceeding layers of cave eartli filled with traces of fire and ancient feasts, Implements of stone and burials. Each layer reveaied an earlier stage in human development until at a depth of nearly 24 feet from the sur face of the cave's interior at the be ginning of excavation, the relics of Neanderthal occupation were un earthed. Kindergarten's History The kindergarten was suggested and organized by Frederick Froebel, a German educationalist, around the middle of the Nineteenth century. The first kindergarten was opened by Froebel in the year 1840 in the village of Blakenlmrg, in the Thur ingian forest. The pioneer move ment for the establishment of kinder gartens in the United States was led 'X : I I I Women said; You can't get CLOTHES CLEAN without rubbing f ' '.X ' . v . ; v . V ' But they hadn't discovered the new Oxydol 33 TIT i g. 1 Proctor & Gamble reo. u. s. pxt. off. Made by the makers of Ivory Soap I II« The soap that makes 50% more suds—-richer, longer-lasting suds that soak clothes snowy white without rubbing, without harm to hands ©p dainty things. Never balls up, rinses clean, softens water. Great for dishes, too. % * THE COMPLETE HOUSEHOLD SOAP by Miss Elizabeth Peabody of Bos ton, who on becoming interested in Froebel's writings, went to Germany in 1867 to study his system. The first public kindergarten was opened in Boston in 1870, but shortly aban doned. The first permanent success ful attempt to make the kindergar ten a part of the public school sys tem was begun in St. Louis in 1878 under the leadership of Miss Susan Blow and Dr. W. T. Harris. For Hotel Men One hotel at New Haven has adopted an idea which should inter est hotel men in these days of finan cial problems. It makes breakfast on the premises compulsory. Your rate Is quoted on the basis of room with breakfast, and if you don't want breakfast it's your own loss. They tell the story of a cloak and suiter who stopped there recently, and, skipping breakfast, went in for dinner and ordered a $3 meal. "It nil goes with the price of my room," he said, when presented with the check. 'You're only entitled to breakfast explained the with your room,' waiter. "Can I help it if I overslept?" was the reply.—New York Sun. Seasonal Soliloquy "In a day or two, now, Brown will be looking in. Nice fellow, Brown ! "And Jones. Jones will look me up any day now. Sociable sort of chap too, Jones. "Robinson, too. Soon be seeing old Robinson. Interesting lad to talk to. Wonder how he's getting on all this time? Shouldn't be surprised If old Smith drops in, too, one of these evenings. "Yes, it will be fine to see 'em ail again. Pine— "All the same, I shall he wanting the lawnmower myself before long." —Passing Show. Nice to Be Bad Of two youngsters, brothers, one was a very polite little fellow, but the other, the younger, of a very dif ferent turn, required repeated reproof and correction. When it became necessary for the parents to be away on a rather long trip it was decided at once that the younger brother would have to be taken along, as the older one could easily be left with friends at home. Just before the car started away, the bad little brother called out to the one who must stay at home: "Don't you wish you were bad, too, so you could go on nice long trips?" Railway Offered at Gift A railway, complete with stations and rolling stock, Is offered free of charge by the Bavarian government. Furthermore, Bavaria will give $2, 1L The government cannot make the road pay and it does not wish to shut it down because it brings many money-spending tourists and holiday makers to the country. Mule Settled the Fight An eagle which invaded the Henry Kappes barnyard near Rock Springs, Wyo., in quest of a lamb was set up on by two farm dogs, which were getting the worst of the battle when the milling trio rolled close to the hind heels of a mule. A kick from the mule knocked the eagle 15 feet and the dogs killed it while it was still dazed. Hubby in Hi* Place Dick—Does your wife love you still? Harry—She must for she never gives me a chance to talk. i*r SOME FACTSf CUTICURAl PERFECT ABOOTA SOAP SKIN found that Cntlcnra Soap meets justtheserequirements end have been using it to keep the skin in healthy condition. Price 25c. Proprietors: Potter Drug & Chemical Corp., Malden, Mom. From childhood the perfect skin has been thoroughly and regular ly cleansed by apure soap and one that contains medicinal proper ties which soothe, heal and pro tect against skin troubles. More than threegenerations have Knows Every Trick Mrs. Onthego—They say Mrs. Tea whiffle plays golf just like a man. Mrs. Clubber — She should be ashamed to use such language. Toujours la Politesse "So the groom-to-be failed to show up at the church." "Yes, but he sent his regrets."— Boston Transcript. MercollzedWax Keeps Skin Young Get an ounce and Ain peel off until all defects such spots, tan and freckles disappear. Skin is then soft and velvety. Your face looks rears younger. Meroolised Wax brings out the hidden beauty of your akin. TO _ ounce Powdered ßaxoUtg dissolved in one-half pint witch has el. At drug stores. directed. Fine particles of aged pimples. Ihrer remove wrinkle« Cause and Effect Teacher—Don't you know that punctuation means that you must pause? Willie—Certainly I do. A guy in a flivver punctuated a tire in front of our house Sunday and he paused for half an hour. This Man Had Faith Lost 24 Pounds "Last November I weighed 192 Ibo. Today, (February 5th, 1932) I am down to 168 lbs. and full of pep all day long—since using Kruschen I have not had to use the laxative that was customary. " — Theo. A. C. LaFleur, Providence, R. I. What do you think of this—yon men who doubt—you stay fat—be cause you want to think that nature made you that way. You're all wrong—most fat men were made fat because of their abil ity to handle a knife and fork In a business like manner. Be frank with yourself. Are you too timid to take a safe, harmless conditioner that not only takes off surplus fat but Is so helpful that It makes you feel years younger? To reduce safely take one-half tea spoonful of Kruschen In a glass of hot water before breakfast every morning—cut down on fatty meats, potatoes and sweets. Kruschen Is sold by druggists the world over. A jar that costs but a trifle will last four weeks—but be sure you get Kruschen—your health comes first Thoughtful Editor "I really think my poem should be published in your paper." "Why so?" "Because I am an old subscriber." "My dear friend, we have a num ber of other old subscribers. Their feelings must be considered." Try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound y - Hying Into a Temper Touchy ... irritable! Everything ups her. She needs Lydia E. Pinkbam's Vege table Compound to soothe her nerves and build up her health by its tonic action. CtS Bachelor Girl, 28, medium build.velvety com plexion, college education, wealthy, accom plished in music, owns lively home, seeks PARKER'S HAIR BALSAM Remove« Dandruff-Stops Hair Falling Imparte Coloi and Beauty to Gray and Faded Hail 00c and 11.00 at Drnggiats. Hiscox Chem. Wka.. Patchogue. N.Y FLORESTON SHAMPOO — Ideal for use in connection with Parker'a Hair Balsam.Make* the hair soft and flnify, 50 cents by mail or at drus gista. Hiscox Chemical Works. Patchogue, N.Y. Il IS (he dollars that circulate among ourselves, in our own community, that ir the end build our schools and churches, pave our streets, lay our sidewalks, increase our farm values, attract more people to this section. Buying our merchan dise in our local stores means keeping our dollars at home to work for us all. W. N. U., BILLINGS, NO. 28-1932.