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NEWS OF THE WORLD
items of genepal interest fresh from the daily telegraph wires. FROM FOREIGN UND DOMESTIC FIELDS Happenina* N.tWn.l. Hl.t.ricl =i.d Political and Personal Events Told in Brief Paragraphs for Busy Reader». James J. Hill has promised to give 60,800 toward the jubilee fund of the jnited Norwegian Lutheran church. Dr Enrique Nunez y Palomino, sec tary of public health at Havana, re ligaed because he was beseiged by lordes of office seekers. The flag day exercises at Philadel phia included the unveiling of a tablet b memory of Commodore John Barry, "father of the American navy." Within a short time after greeting her husband upon his arrival at Nan tucket, Mass., June 1, Mrs. Robert Hil liard, wife of the actor, died suddenly. Frederic Gray, released from the federal prison at Leavenworth, Kan., Monday, claims he is the son of John Gray, Lord De Ruthyn, of Lancashire, England. Breaking the navy altitude record, Lieutenant J. H. Bellinger of the navy aviation corps at Annapolis attained a height of 6200 feet in an aeroplane recently. Angus Hamilton, former war corre spondent in the Balkans for the Cen tral News association of London, cut his throat with a razor and killed him self in New York Saturday. Floods cost the lives of 300 people Saturday in Palitana district on the peninusla of Kathiawar, to the north of Bombay on the Arabian sea. The Inundations were caused by heavy rains. Dr. S. Daneff, who was head of the peace delegation at London, has formed a new cabinet for Bulgaria, he himself taking the portfolio of prime minister and minister of foreign af faire. . 'I® The Italian chamber of deputies has approved unanimously an appropria tion of 110,000,000 to continue the war in Tripoli, where the Italians recently suffered a severe reverse at the hands of the Arabs. Intimating that the action is a direct result of the recent supreme court de cision in ue Minnesota rate case : James J. Hill has issued orders stop ping all construction work on the Great Northern railroad which is not absolutely necessary. The Terra Nova, Captain Scott's antarctic ship, arrived at Cardiff, Wales, Saturday from Lyttleton, New Zealand,, by way of the straits of Ma gellan. Thousands of persons lined the quays to meet the surviving mem bers of the expedition. Some high prices were obtained at the sale of Eugene Fischof's collection of pictures at Paris recently. The total realized being $320,160. The most important purchases were Albert Cuyp's "Departure for the Hunt,' which went for $29,000. Canada's navy on the Atlantic is to be disbanded. Orders were received to dismantle the cruiser Niobe. The Canadian recruits have been given thier discharge and the British naval officers, pensioners and reserve men Vill return to England next month. Mrs. Emmeline Pankhurst was ar (ested again Saturday in London and £ken to jail. She had been released )n license on May 30, owing to ill ftealth brought bout by a "hunger ttrike" while she was serving her sen lence of three years' penal servitude, One hundred and sixty-four cadets or "plebes" were sworn in Saturday at West Point. They are the men who passed examinations held throughout the country during April and May of this year. Among the number re porting were a Chinaman and a Fil lpino. AWFUL HOT WAVE IN THE EAST Street Thermometer at Washington D. C., Shows 100 Degrees. Washington.—Practically the entire country sweltered Sunday under the first real hot wave of the season. Omaha, Neb., and St. Joseph, Mo were the hottest places in the country today, with the mercury hovering around 96. Chicago ran a close second, the ther mometer registering 94. Washington suffered its hottest day of the season and there was one heat stroke reported. Four deaths by drowning and 12 heat prostrations, six of which may re sult fatally, were reported In Milwau kee, the hottest day of the year. This bounds Good Washington.—"Tha lower the rale charged to consumers by electric pow er companies the lower will be the tax which such power comparies must pay to the government" Secretary Lane of the interior de partment announced this i ■* "the heart of the policy adopted aa to the disposl t'-n of wate- rights of the govern ment. Women Policemen on Beach Newport, R. I.—For the first time in the history of the famous Newport beach two women policemen were placed on duty here. MONTANA BRIEFS Butte is the horne of Sheepshearers' Union of North America No. 1. The Dawson County Fair association has issued its premium list for the fair and racing events scheduled for Sep tember 17, 18 and 19. At a recent meeting of the executive committee of the state teachers' asso ciation it was decided to hold the an nual meeting Thanksgiving week, in stead of Christmas week. The state central committee of the socialist party this week will take up the charges against the Butte local preferred by the conservatives in an effort to have the charter revoked. Montana's 1913 wool yield will r each about 25,000,000 pounds, a fall ing off of about 5,000,000 pounds, a loss of more than 16 per cent as com pared with the production of last year. The Anaconda Copper Mining com pany will pay taxes this year on $11, 446,901 net profits as against $10,525, 729 in 1912, an increase of nearly $1,000,000, according to the annual re port. The law passed by the last legisla ture permitting electors to s<îcure cer tificates of registration from the coun ty clerk and on the presentation of these to vote in any precinct in the county has been declared unconstitu tional. Former Senator George Turner of Spokane has disposed of his coal rail oad in Montana to J. H. Gamier of Clarke county, Wash., for $50,000, ac cepting a loss of $112,500 over what the line first cost. The road was built 20 years ago. Hereafter no prison labor will be furnished for any highway which is not a designated state highway; that all applications for prison labor be re ferred to the Montana highway com mission for assignment and that all work be executed according to the rules and regulations of said commis sion. It is a settled fact that the officers of a corporation may lend money to the corporation for legal purposes, and hold and enforce their claims for re payment, provided, however, they act in good faith and do not obtain an ad vantage to the detriment of the other stockholders.—So says the supreme court. The state board of education has adopted the recommendation of Mr. Craighead for the establishment of a domestic science department at the university and for the addition to the faculty of teachers in public speaking, physical training and English. The heads of all the state institutions were reelected. The board of county commissioners at Forsyth have designated the main highway as beginning at Hathaway and running westward through Joppa, Rosebud, Forsyth, Howard, Sanders, Hysham and Myers, and then crossing the Yellowstone river and following the present Pease bottom road to the Yellowstone county line. The tsate dental society, in session at Butte last week, selected Great Falls as the next convention city - and elected the following: Bernard J. Keenan of Butte, president; C. L. Bish op of Anaconda, vice presilent; Frank Wadhams of Billings, secretary, and S. H. Chase of Great Falls, treasurer. The society decided to become a con stituent society in the National Dental association. State Engineer Mahon has received word from the department of the in terior that the Little Missouri project, comprising about 21,000 acres of Carey land in Custer county, had been ap proved. The company, which will re claim the lands, will immediately enter into a contract with the land act board for the construction work, it is esti mated that the land will accommodate 300 families, or in the neighborhood of 1200 people. To guard against the introduction of the alfalfa weevil into Montana Gov ernor Stewart has issued a proclama tion declaring a quarantine against all of the state of Utah; Dear Lake, Onei da and aBnnock counties in Idaho; and Uinta and Lincoln counties in Wyo ming, prohibiting the importation of alfalfa and forage crops of all kinds, whether loose or baled, alfalfa seed and all nursery stock unless accom panied by a certificate of fumigation; fresh fruits of all kinds at the time of harvest, and potatoes and garden truck until October 1. The quarantine becomes effective July 1. Two telephone girls in different country exchanges were having a chat over the wires on the subject of dress. They were both going on the river on the following Sunday afternoon, and the discussion on what they should wear waxed interesting. For four minutes, five minutes, ten minutes, the topic held their attention, and was still unexhausted, when an impertinent, impatient, imperative masculine voice broke up the conver sational meeting. Are you there? the voice yelled. Are—you—there? Hallo! Ah, at last! Who is that speaking? Who— What line d 'you think you're on? demanded one of the girls, indignant and annoyed. Really, came the weary reply, don't know; but from the discussion that's going on I should think I'm on the clothes line. Sheep shearing in many sections la now practically over and although it Is feared that the clip this season will not be so great as the usual amount, the grade is exceptionally One, the cold winter having Induced a splendid growth. RENEWAL OF GREAT STRUGGLE DOWN IN WEST VIRGINIA IS NOW ON. FIELDS WE BE UNDER M ARTIAL LAW Congressional Committee Has Been Making Extensive Investigations in the District as to Working Conditions. Charleston, W. Va. — Word came to Charleston Monday from various sources that the miners at work in the mines on Paint and Cabin creeks had voted at a mass-meeting to renew the strike which for a year has convulsed the coal field. According to reports reaching Governor Hatfield meetings at Eskadale and in the mountains above Kayford voted not to return to work. The miners were at work under an agreement framed by Governor Hat field and agreed to by miners and op erators. Representatives of the miners ap pearing before the senate committee investigating the strike received con firmation of the reports that the strike would be renewed. Miners Beaten by Guards. "Information that has just come to me from Paint and Cabin creeks," said S. H. Montgomery, of counsel for the miners, "makes it practically certain the strike will be renewed. The sus pension will be general on Cabin creek, but I can not say how far Paint creek will be affected. Four miners were beaten up by guards on Cabin creek Saturday and the men are very indig nant. "The operators have failed to live up to the agreement proposed by Gover nor Hatfield, which provided that the strikers were to be taken back to work without discrimination." MINES AND MINERS The transfer to the free list of the tariff bill ot iron and steel raw ma terials, with an estimated dutiable value of more than $600,000 a year, was approved Saturday by the major ity members of the senate. Seven hundred and eighty thousand dollars worth of Klondike gold, con signed to the San Francisco mint through the Seattle assay office, left Juneau, Alaska, June 14 on the steam ship Humboldt. This is the first large shipment of the year. Patents to six mineral claims on the Nooksak river, held by the What com County Railway and Light com pany, a Stone & Webster corporation, were declared void recently by Judge Edward E. Cushman in the United States district court, and the land, which includes 300 feet of waterfall, reverts to the United States govern ment. The water power is estimated to be worth several million dollars, and a $500,000 power house built by the company below the falls, but on land whose title is not involved in the present decision, is said to be now of greatly diminished value. The com pany furnishes light and power to Bellingham, Wash, and other cities. Upward of $40,000 has been realized by L. B. Cleaves of Coeur d'Alene from the sale of mining property on the Frazer river in British oClumbia, says a report from that city. The most important development in new operations in the Coeur d'Alene district for the present year will be started Monday, June 16, the date set for the beginning of active mining work in the property controlled by the Iron Mountain Tunnel Co., situated in the eastern section of the Coeur d'Alene district. Final negotiations betweeji Presi dent A. Klockmann of the Idaho-Con tinental Mining Co. and the represen tatives of the International Smelting Co. for financing further operations at the Idaho-Continental mine were con summated successfully recently and $125,000 Is now available to carry on development at the property and com plete the concentrator, power plant, wagon road and 15-mlle transmission line from the power station to the mine. Metal Market New York Mexican dollars, Bar silver—59%c. 48c. Copper—Nominal; standard, spot, $14.37^14.62; electrolytic, $15; lake, $15©15.25; casting, «14.75. Tin—Firm. Spot, »firstname.lastname@example.org. Lead—Steady, $email@example.com. Antimony—Dull; Cookson's, $8.75 @0. JUBILEE OF "PEACE PRINCE" Germans Celebrate Twenty-Fifth An niversary of Reign of Emperor. Washington.—In recognition of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the ac<es slon of Emperor William to the Ger man throne President Wilson Satur day sent the emperor the following message; "In the sincere hope that a luiK continuance of your majesty'* pnacoful reign may bring the great German p»o pie increased blessing, I offer to your majesty the cordial felicitations of the government and people of the United Btates on this twenty-flfth anniversary of your majesty's accession and my personal good wishes for your majes ty's welfare." CATALOG HOUSES TEAR DOWN COUNTRY TOWN8—HOME TRADING BUILDS UP. THE LOCAL MERCHANT FIRST OF ALL Grades Very Often Fall Short of Being Like Pictures and Descriptions in Catalog—It's Up to the Buyer Who to Help. Our national prosperity and well-be ing depends in large measure upon a fairly equitable distribution of popula tion, trade and social and educational advantages over the whole land. Any system which tends to congest people and business and social and education' ai institutions in the few large cen ters is injurious to the best interests of the nation as a whole. Not only does it strip the small cities and towns and rural sections of everything that makes them desirable places of residence and business but it in creases the social and industrial evils inevitably peculiar to the larger cities. As business institutions the mail or der houses have a right to exist and competition and the future will de termine their economic value and standing, but it is evident that the two systems—catalog house trading and home trading—are irréconciliable. One can prosper only at the expense of the other; the one tears down coun try towns and the well-being of rural communities, while the other builds up these towns and communities. Which system should we encourage? The handsome illustrations and ex aggerated descriptions of the catalog possess a lure and attraction difficult to resist, but careful investigation will demonstrate that the catalog house system is not so superior as is com monly supposed. Their greater buy ing power is fully offset by their great er selling expense—heavy costs of publishing and distributing their large catalogs, the larger dividends they pay their stockholders, etc. It is fre quently found that the articles deliv ered fall far short of being as good as the pictures and descriptions had led the buyer to expect and that quality, transportation charges and terms of sale considered, they might have re ceived better value for the money from the local dealer. The fallacy of the system is further shown by the fact that catalog houses generally do not sell to the people in the cities where they are located; they cannot exhioit the goods and compete with the smaller regular local stores. We cannot answer for the rest of the United States but we—the Citizens of this community—can decide for our selves which system is the best— which is really the most economical for us in the long run—and do our best, by actions as well as wordB, to advance that Bystem in our own home town and community. Gone to Look for a Job. Tom Plowman lived on a section farm Not far from a prosperous village; He worked late and early and cal loused his palm But thrived by industrious tillage. He saved up some money and stood very well. His luck would have lasted for all we can tell. If he never had heard of Chicago. One day a big catalog came through the mail That told of a wonderful heater; The figures were tempting, Tom swal lowed the tale, Says he, "Mr. Merchant's a cheater. His profit must be near a hundred per cent, I'll just call his bluff and unless he'll relent I'll order a stove from Chicago." So he drove to the village and entered the store With an air that was lofty and knowing. Says he, "Mr. Merchant, please tell me once more The price of that stove you were showing." "Thirty-five, cash or credit, the best one In town." Tom turned on his heel and went out with a frown And sent off a check to Chicago. He bragged to hiB neighbors and they in a trice Sent away for whatever they needed; They often were stuck, but they got a low price, Which, of course, was the one tbing they heeded. The merchant Boon failed and sold out his store And this was the notice he left on his door: "Gone to look for a job in Chicago." Tom 's mall order stove didn't work very well, Hut no one In town could repair it; At last he was forced to admit he was wrong, V His neighbors weren't slow to ad mit it. With no stores there was no one to buy or to sell, The drummers stopped coming, they closed the hotel, 'Twas surprising how quickly the town went to—well A very long way from Chicago. True Patriotism Begins at Home. There is both truth and eloquence in the following address of William Allen White at the Southwestern Lumber men's convention in Kansas City: The preservation of the home trade to the home town carries with it the preservation of many of our American institutions. It seems to me that a lot of good things in American life will pass if the country town passes. And it will pass just as surely aB centralization of re tail business in cities continues. The American country town, the town of from one hundred to fifty thousand people, preserves better than the crowded city and better than the lonely ranch the things that make America great. Here lu these country towus the spirit of neighborliness is the prevail ing spirit. The American country town with its broad circle of friend ships, with its close, hpmely, simple relations between men, with its spirit of co-operation and with its economic status that permits the creation of no indecently rich and no abjectly poor the American country town, it seems to me, is the most hopeful of our American institutions. To destroy that town, furnishing the market for the farmer and giving steady employment to labor, means a reorganization of our commercial, so cial and industrial life that will be revolutionary—and more, a matter of doubtiul value. The mail order house, therefore, be comes a menace to this country. The mail order house unrestricted will kill our smaller towns, creating great cities with their terrible contracts of life, with their cruel social relations, with their inevitable caste feeling that comes from the presence of strangers who are rich and poor living side by sine. Friendship, neighborliness, fratern ity or whatever you will call that spir . oi lAjiuradery that comes when men know one another well, Is the cement that holds together this union of the states. It is not created in great cities. Great cities give much in alms, but little m justice. Only as we know each other well can we treat each other justly; and the city is a wilder ness of careless strangers whose in stincts of humanity are daily becom ing more and more blunted to suffer ing because in the nature of things suffering in cities must be impersonal So the mail order house, crushing out our towns, is drying up the milk of human kindness in our hearts. If we who live in these small towns in America can not see that our duty to our country lies first of all in our duty to our neighbors, then we are blind indeed to the basis of real pa triotism. For, after all, patriotism is only neighborly kindness. Patriotism is not in cheering for the flag; it is not in feeling our eyes filled with emo tional tears at hearing "The Star Spangled Banner"; patriotism is just old fashioned human duty. To sacrifice our neighbor—the man who helps the town with its taxes with its public business, with its myriad activities for neighborly right eousness—to sacrifice that man and his business for the mere sake of sav ing a dollar on the purchase of a hun dred dollars worth of goods is just as unpatriotic as it is to spit at the flag The motto of the mail order house is, every man for himself and the devil take the hindermost—and you bet the devil will. That spirit never fails to work; and the weak man, the unprotected man the man alone—the man on the farm, at the end of the fact, when his farm market is gone, when his town gone, when the spirit of selfishness and greed has left this country cold and hard and mean and nelghborless —the farmer will be the hindermost. Delegates Received With Cheers at Conference at Edinburg. Edinburg, Scotland.—At the world conference of the Y. M. C. A. here this week Turkey and Bulgaria joined the alliance of the 34 other countries and their delegates weer received to gether on the platform amid wild en thusiasm. The conference declared favor of international arbitration. TURKS AND BULGARS IN Y. M. C. A, No, This Is Lobbying! Washington.—Henry T. Oxnard, the millionaire vice president of the Amer ican Beet Sugar company, testified be fore the senate lobby committee that he estimated he had spent on an aver age of $20,000 a year in Washington for the last 23 years In behalf of the beet sugar industry. He declared not a cent had been spent illegally. St. Louis Trolley Cars Crash St Louis.—Twenty-four persons most of them women and children were injured in a rear-end street car collision on the Creve Coeur lake line In St. Louis county Sunday. Mrs. Dora Bingham and Mrs. Regina A; ' Carou thers probably will die. Emperor William's Anniversary Berlin.—The 26th anniversary of the accession of Emperor William II. was quietly observed Sunday, as this marked the date also of the death of the emperor's father, Frederick III. Plain Girl— The man that marries Pretty One—Well, he'd have to be me must be a hero. a CANOE CONTAINING MR.AND MRS. SCEARCE UPSET AMID FLAT HEAD RIVER. Two Brothers Named Murray Lost Their Lives While Testing Out —None Recovered. Missoula.—Five deaths from drown ing in rivers of northwestern Montana were reported Wednesday. Mrs. Frank Scearce and her young son, witii Heine Walters, were drowned Tuesday afternoon in the lathead river, just below the mouth of Çrow creek. Frank Scearce had a narrow escape from drowning. He made every effort to save his wife and son. Mr. and Mrs. Scearce, with their sou and Mr. Walters, were in a canoe. They had sailed down Crow creek to the river, where they expected to board the steamer. City of Dixon. En tering the river the canoe was kept down stream to a good landing place. The frail craft was kept close to the shore, but a-tree, projecting into the stream, compelled them to detour. In making the turn the canoe , upset in the swift current. The other accident was at Big Fork. Two brothers named Murray wore drowned and William Wells was res cued only through the heroic efforts of Joe Littlefield. The men lost their lives when a gasoline launch, which they were testing in the rapids of the Big Fork river, capsized at the edge of town last evening None of the bodies has been recovered. CCIDENT OTHER ON BIG FORK RIVER Servian Cabinet Resigns. Belgrade.—The Servian cabinet, of which M. Paitch was premier and min ister of foreign affairs, has resigned. SPORTING COLUMN Joe Jackson is leading the hitters of the American league. "Harlem" Murphy has been signed oy Promoter Carey to box at Vernon arena July 25 the winner of the Johnny Dundee-Jack White bout. Steve Ketchel, the lightweight Tight er of Chicago, won from Phil Knight of Lewistown, Mont., in the sixth round Friday night because of a foul by the local man. Bob McAllister, former middleweight and heavyweight amateur champion o! the Pacific co'aTït, will box 10 rounds with Otto Berg, a middlewieght, in Oakland July 25. Arthur Pelkey, the Chicopee (Mass.) boy who knocked out Champion Luther McCarty, was born at Dover, South Ontario, October 27, 1883, the oldest in a family of 13 children. The Kentucky state fair at Louis ville has offered the largest prize ever put up at a horse show, $2000, for a competition among fine-gaited saddle horses there in September. The Western Tri-State league has made an excellent record since the season opened not only as to attend ance necessary to its financial success, but in the brand of baseball that has been furnished. Purses and cash prizes aggregating nearly $1500 were hung by the Lincoln and Adams County Pioneer association for winners of the sporting events held at the grounds on Crab creek, June 17, 18 and 19, when pioneers from all parts of the two counties gathered for their eleventh reunion. John McGraw won his one thou sandth victory for New York on Me morial day. This brings up the 1000 game winners to five names in the 43-year history of the major leagues. The others were Anson of Chicago, Selee of Boston, Clark of Pittsburg and Mack of the Athletics. By the narrow margin of one quarter of a goal the American polo team won the second and deciding game of the international cup series at the Meadow Brook club in Rhode Island Saturday and thereby retains the trophy for at least another year. The score was 4% to 4&. The slight advantage of the United State four over the English challengers at the end of one hour of the most desperate kind of play is fully indicated in the scores of the two teams. American followers of tennis re ceived the results of the preliminary international match between the American team and Australians with a great deal of satisfaction. Notwith standing the fact that the Americans won four out of the five matches great credit for their showing must be given to the visitors. The Americans will meet the German team, which has de feated the French team, the latter part of June and the winner of this match will play the winner of the Canadian and South African teams. The final victors will challenge the English team, the present holders of the Davis cup, the world's greatest tennis prize. The Davis cup matches will be played In England about July 28. Dedicate Negro Y. M. C. A. in Chicago Chicago.—The new $200,000 Chicago negro Y. M. C. A., the first of its kind here, was dedicated Sunday with ad dresses by Booker T. Washington and Julius Rosenwald. The building is in the heart of Chicago's "black belt" and nearly 3000 negroes were present.