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ELECTION THE SUFFRAGE DAILY NEWS ELECTION
"Governments Derive Their Just Power From the Consent of the Governed" BUTTE, MONTANA, \ O)NIDAY, NOVE:IMBER 2, 1914. THE STATE CAMPAIGN FOR WOMAN SUFFRAGE The first suffrage speech ever delivered in Montana was deliv ered by Miss Willard in 1883. When the Montana state conven tion met in 1889 to adopt the con stitution which was later ratified as the Constitution of the State of Montana, an effort for equal suffrage was made, but the suf frage resolution was defeated by a vote of 43 to 25. The matter was brought up before successive legislatures with varied success till the suffrage bill finally passed in 1913. The present campaign for Equal Suffrage in Montana, which will, there is good reason to hope, end tomorrow in victory at the polls, began in January, 1911, when the Political Equal ity Club of Missoula was organ ized. In that year Miss Jean nette Rankin went to the legisla ture and succeeded in having an equal suffrage bill introduced in the house. The bill received a majority vote but failed to secure the two thirds majority necessary for passage. Aside from the work of a few speakers, and the work of the Political Equality Clubs of Mis soula, Kalispell and Helena, lit tle was done till August, 1912, when political party conventions were held in Great Falls. Miss Rankin, with a committee of wo men representing the existing state suffrage organizations, se cured at that time the endorse ment of the Republican and Dem nRnttltin ltjrtiexej'nI suftrsg' Later the Progressive party came oat in favor of equal suffrage. All parties were thus pledged to the passage of a suffrage bill. During the State fair in 1912 a temporary Montana Woman Suffrage state central committee was formed with Miss Jeannette Rankin chairman, Miss Ida Auer bach secretary and Mrs. Wilbur Smith treasurer. At this time half the counties of the state were visited and or ganizations started. Candidates for the legislature were inter viewed, and pledges were secured from many. After the election hundreds of letters were sent from all parts of the state to the governor and lieutenant governor asking support for the measure. A meeting of the state central committee was called for the first of .lanuary, 1913, when p)erma nent organization was effected and Aliss Rankin was elected per manent chairman. The committee visited the legislature in a body in time to hear the Governor in his message to the Thirteenth Legislative Assemblly recommend the passage of the sut'frage bill. The suffrage bill, Senate Bill Number One, was introduced by Senator Stout. It passed the sen ate with only two votes against it, those of Senators Leighton of Jefferson county and Edwards of Rosebud. The bill later passed the house, also with two votes against it, those of Representa tives Iliggins of Missoula and Blair of Powell. It was signed by the governor. By continuous agitation, organ izations were formed in many counties. The second meeting of the State Central committee was held at Livingston in June, 1913, and the third meeting in Butte, Sep tember, 1913. In January, 1914, headquarters were opened at the Thornton hotel in Butte. The State Central committee met at headquarters in February, and in June at Livingston. At the present time every county in the state is organized. Montana speakers have toured every county, and speakers from outside the state have gone into FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: MRS. R. F. FOOTE, MRS. J. B. ELLIS, CHAIRMAN SILVER BOW COUNTY, MRS. H. SALHOLM, MRS. A. OBERMEYER AND MRS. E. G. CLINCH, WHO, WITH MRS. ELLIS' FORD CAR, CAMPAIGNED FOR WOMAN SUFRAGE IN FOUR COUNTIES distributed, systematic press work in the state has received a news bulletin each week, hundreds of feature stories have been sent out, special suffrage editions of city papers have been published, while during the State fair in Helena the Suffrage Daily News was published and distributed. One of the special features of the campaign was the demonstra tion on May the second, which Governor Stewart proclaimed Woman's day. Demonstrations were held on that (lay in almost every city in Montana, and in hundreds of country schools. During the Federation meeting at Lewistown suffrage luncheons and dinners were given. Open air meetings were held in Livingston and many other places in Fergus county. In July there was an encamp ment at Billings, beginning on the Fourth and lasting a week, General Rosalie Jones, Colonel Ida Craft and Miss Margaret Ilinchey were the prominent out side women attending. The very successful suffrage parade in ilelena during the State fair in September was the result of weeks of hard work carried on at headquarters during the hot summer months. A long line of women wearing the suf frage yellow and carrying banners marched down Main street to the Auditorium where Judge Cheadle and Dr. Anna Howard Shaw de livered very fine and inspiring addresses. During the State fair suffrage headquarters were opened in Helena, and at the Fair, and were the source of much pleasure to visitors. Most people have no idea of the vast amount of work that has been done in this campaign. Thousands of miles have been traveled by speai:krs. Miss Ran kin, alone, has traveled over 9,000 miles in Montana since January. Letters and circulars to the num ber of 100,000 have been sent out since headquarters opened. All the work done by Montana women has been volunteer ser Abraham Lianccin say s: "I go for all sharing the privi leges of government who assist in bearing its burdens, by no means excluding the Women." .i m! nud ma.nv thc. sneakers I have paiTd"all" part of their traveling expenses. Of the speakers from outside the state, the services of all but two were donated, and almost all paid their own expenses as well. This campaign should be a suc cessful campaign for the reason that it has been the work not of a few but of man:y. Its complete history will, probably, never be written, but equld this be done, it would stand as a remarkable record of unselfish effort for a fine and ideal end. Every wo man who has sacrificed time and pleasure in order to do her share may-and does--feel proud of having been a part of this move ment for better citizenship and truer democracy. The Montana Woman Suffrage association wishes to acknowledge indlebhledness to the National Wo man Suffrage association for co operation ani help in sending speakers, in 'financial aid and in the giving of smund advice and encouragemelnt at critical times. WORD FROM JANE ADDAMS In the eari r stages of the mnovement for woman suffrage great stress was laid upon two points: that t h, woman of prop crty should hale the power to protect her intee.sts, and that the woman of educt,.ion could he en trusted with ti, vote with bene fit to the natia.. We are in4' nuing to realize that in askin, 0or the ballot for women, neith,. of these limita tions can he ,,nsidered. The woman of property has, in deed, just claims to the suffrage, that she max have a voice in those public measures which de pend upon and imply an increase in taxes. The woman of education, al ready a pow(r for good in the community, ..,,ds the franchise, so that when she asks for pure food laws, for protection of infant life, for child-labor restrictions, she shall not h, treated as a mere motherless theorist, but as one THE EQUAL SUFFRAGE CAMPAIGN IN BUTTE who ,.aya >A0'rmine the terms of office of the legislators with whom they are pleading. But if, both for their own sakes and for the good of the republic, women of property and women of education should he enfranchised, far more is the power of the bal lot needed by the working wom an, whose stake in the country is represented by her life, her health, her virtues, and the safety and happiness of her children. The ballot is not demanded for her because she is good or wise, or because she will make no mis takes in its use. Neither good ness nor wisdom is the sole pos session of one class, and freedom from mistakes is the privilege of none. Working women need the ballot because they must possess some control over the conditions of their lives and those of their children; and, in this twentieth century world, the .ballot box of fers the only channel through which they can give expression to such legitimate control. is it qluite by accident that those states where women enjoy partial or complete suffrage make also the best showing as regards the administration of schools, the restriction of child labor, and the protection of young girls? There is probably no country in the world where the interests of chil dren, taking them from every point of view, are so carefully guarded as in Colorado, where the women have full suffrage. Colorado was likewise the firt state to raise the age of protec tion for girls to 18. But it is not only the interests of children which the women of a community are especially fit ted to guard. They are also the natural protectors of their own sons, who, though past childhood, are still young, inexperienced and in the industrial contest, utterly helpless. I believe I must have been horn believing in the full rights of women to all the privileges and positions which nature and justice accord to her in common with other human beings: Perfect equal rights; human rights. - Clara Barton. The campaign for equal suft rage in Butte has been, ofi course, only a part of the state-wide campaign. It is, to be sure, the part in which we are most inter ested, but also the part about which least needs to be said, for we have all participated, either as workers or merely as interest ed onlookers. The several local suffrage or ganizations have worked together intelligently and harmoniously. We have done our best, and to morrow will show whether or no our best has been good enough. It is impossible to give even a partial list of those whose good work has contributed to that tri umph we confidently expect. It. is, however, fitting and right that we should mnention with deep ap preciation the services of State Chairman Miss Jeannette Rankin, her able assistant, Miss Mary E. O'Neill, and our county chair man, Mrs. J. B. Ellis. The state association has been particularly generous to Butte in the matter of speakers and help of all kinds, a generosity we thankfully acknowledge. We al so wish to thank Mrs. Nellie Hall Root of California for the gift of her services during many weeks. Man is an individualist; his in stinct is to compete rather than to co-operate. Woman is es sentially social, the center of a family group. It is her instinct/ to make things comfortable, tlh ing impulse. And a good half of the business of governing is just that; it is neither a duty nor a privilege but an efficacious way of making us all comfortable to gether. AN ODE TO AMERICAN WOMEN (By Richard Wightman) Our institutions change, likewise our laws; The program of the Season knows its pause; The very rivers thread along New courses, and the lark's blithe song Is altered by the meadow's mood; But every onward rood Of the long path our fathers chose, Down' to the very close Of days,-is ours to dare, elate and free, Clothed with that ancient loyalty To Right which made America the land whose name And birthright we so proudly claim. And now, 0 Woman, we have come to see Thy hand in all our Nation's history- A gentle hand, maternal, clean and kind; And so, 0 Woman, 't is our new er mind To give to thee the right men long have known- To say thy say, by ballots never blown On vagrant winds for IpurLposes un fair. Slowly we came to this, but all the air Is vihrant with thy reason's just demand T'o share with men the 1roblems. of our land. Be thou exalted by this later trust ; Be women still, for that thou ever must ! Thy new task is not little, but the' shades Of patriot mothers steal from out the glades Of the dim past to hearten thee and say: "We did our part; thine is the greater day!" -The Pictorial Review.