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The Benton weekly record. [volume] (Benton, Mont.) 1880-1885, June 30, 1881, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85053148/1881-06-30/ed-1/seq-4/

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PCBLISHED E ERY THURSDAY. AT THE RECORD ii
STEAM PUBLISHING HIOUSE, CORNER AMAIN p
AND BAtKER ST., FORT BENTON, M.. T. b
- ----l C
C. L. SPENCER & CO., - - Publishers. 'I
HORACE R. BUCK, - - Editor, c
J. J. IEALY. - . - Manager 1I
SUBSCRIPTION :5.00 PER ANNUM. ii
ADVIERTISING IATES. I
Column, I year............... ...... .....200
i Column, 6 months ...... .................. 120 t
Column, 3 months...... ......... ........... 80
3 (Colunn, 1 year.............. ........... 120 f
N Colum n, 6 months........................... 80
.; Column, months ..............40....... 40
.. Columnn, 1 year. .........................75
} Column, 3 months ........ ................... 40
} Column, 1 year............. ........... 45 f
% Column, mounths .......... ........... 35
; Coulnn, 3 mnonths .i....... 20 r
Professional cards occupying the space of six 8
lines (this type) or under, sixteen dollars per
annum. Estray, Co-partnership, Collection or
other transient notices, not exceeding ten lines
nonpariel, five dollars for four insertions. Tran
sient advertising must be paid in advance.
We allow no commissions and prefer not
to deal with advertising agents. Agents' or
ders for advertising, unless accompanied by the !
cash, will receive no attention.
JOB PRINTING.
We have every facility for executing the finest
classes of Book and Job printing, and our prices
are as low as thoieof any other printing establish
ment in Montana. All Book or Job work must be
paid far on delivery.
The verdict in the Whittaker trial will
not be made known until it has been pass
ed upon by the Secretary of War, or the
Presi(lent.
Montana despatched from her boundaries i
for the year 1880, one and a half million
letters to Dakota's four and Idaho's one t
million. t
The recent terrible fire in Quebec, con
sumed 042 houses, and left some seven or
eight thousand people homeless. Five or
six lives were lost.
The National Temperance Convention at
Saratoga, New York, on the 22d inst.,
elected a viet-president for every State in
the Union. There were 337 delegates in
attendance.
A descendant ot Lafayette and a de
seendant of Roehambeau, will accompany
the oflicial representatives of France who
are to be present at the Yorktown centen
nial celebration.
We learn from Barret & Warren's Mining
.recrie:w, that the narrow gauge railroad
proposed to be run from Butte through
Walkerville to the timber land and ad
jacent counties has been duly incorporat
ed.
Russian prisons are full to overflowing
with Nihilist inmates. . The government
it is expected, will soon revert to the old
system of wholesale deportations, which
General Melikoff, the late Ministerof the
Interior, tried to abolish.
Parnell, it is said, contemplates a politi
cal tour in Americanext month. Ile will
be preceded a la John the Baptist by
Father O'Connor, who has been commis
sioned by Archbishop Croke to inform
the American public what the Irish people
want, and what they intend to accomplish
by the present agitation.
Jeff Davis and Gen. Sherman are busily
accusing each other of lying about various
incidents of the Rebellion. The discussion
is of interest to the public, only because it
is between two of the most prominent
fools known to the present century of
American history, the one being remark
able for his success and the other for his
want of it.
,John Bright, in a recent speech on the
Land bill says, that in his opinion pro
perty is secure in proportion to the num
ber of proprietors. lIe asks how 10,000
or 12,000 owners can make their rights
secure wherethere are 500,000 or 600,000
tenants moving public opinionj against
them. IHe believes that the Land bill will
restore good order in Ireland
The question of incorporating Benton
should be discussed by the Board of Trade
at its next meeting, and some expression
of that body be obtained. The time has
certainly come for something to be done to
create a remedy for our lack of drainage
and bad streets, and to many who have
given it consideration, incorporation seems
to be the best plan. A fair discussion and
vote of a representative body like the
Board of Trade may be accep)ted as the
will of the people of Benton, and we hope
to hear of their action in the matter very
soon. Meantime we advise our citizens to
read the law. True, it is very long, but
when its main features are culled out they
are simple and practicable.
lTherme an hblitte itl doubt Lthat the rdail
road mania which now has hold of the
people of the Uuited States,A is likely to re
sult in the loss of many fortunes, and not
a few financial panics within the next
few years. Roads are being built alto
gether in excess of the demands of the
country's developement, both present and
prospective, and a crash sometime in the
future is almost inevitable. Of course
this tendency of the day is to be regretted
-but still, even if hard times is the logical
outcome of it, our nation is sufficiently
elastic to appoint receivers for bankrupt
trunk lines, economize for a few years and
then rebound to prosperity once more. It
is better to have too many than too few
roads, also.
The Republicans renominated Chas. Fos
ter for Governor of Ohio, on the 8th inst.
Wily old John Sherman was present as
Chairman of the Convention, and made a
capital cpeech. Wholly regardless of his
individual feelings and private convictions
he lauded Foster; said there neyer had
and never would be room for a "boss" in
the State; spoke of the auspicious opening
of James A. Garfield's administration;
complimented Windom; and with delicate
flattery intimated throughout his address 1
that Ohio was-Ohio. A good strong Re
publican platform was adopted. J. G.
Richards got the nomination for Lieuten
ant-Governor; George Paul for memberof
Board of Public Works; Joseph Turney.
for TYreastier; Nicholas Langwvodr~ oft
Cincinnati, for Judge of Supreme Court'
and Oeo. K. Nash for Attorney General.
andTCrý Geo. E r.[r Nash J.. ... .. -
A telegram of June the 11th says: th
"Learning that Clerk Adams, disregard- ye
ing Governor Murray's certificate, had thi
placed Cannon's name on the roll of mem- Er
bers of the House of Representalives, Mr. wi
Campbell yesterday brought suit in the sh
Third District Court here to establish the lid
fact that Cannon is not a citizen; was in- mn
capable of becoming one at the time he qu
claims to have been naturalized; and to an- he
nul and declare void the certificate of natura so
lization upon which he depends, because ite
it was fraudulently obtained and is not a th
part of the records of any court, but is such of
a certificate as was often sold in those de
times, nearly thirty years ago, by'the clerk
for $3, without any proceedings being had
in court. It will be shown that when
Cannon's certificate purports to have been
issued he had not resided in this country fo
five years, or one year, and was therefore th
not entitled to be naturalized under the of
statutes. of
r -s
BENTON MUST BE DRAINED. fa
t The recent storms remind us in Benton
most painfully that something must be
done to drain our streets and build side-al
walks. Just at this time--the 22nd---one h:
t half of the town is covered with from'
s three to six inches of water. In the rear
e of the town the floors of several houses st
are submerged. Much damage has beeni
done to property. Families are actually ta
suffering, and the only relef that can
come is for the water to dry up naturally Ct
e by evaporation or absorption. Every in
telligent person must know how unhealthy, ai
s in addition to being inconvenient, such a
condition of things is. Physicians have
e time and again warned the people of Ben- s'
ton of the danger of allowing their present
defective system of drainage to continue,
but nothing has been done. So far as the '
need of improvement is concerned, all are
agreed, but, as in many other matters of
public interest, we simply grumble and do a
t not act. We hear constantly that it is the
duty of the Commissioners to improve our
ii streets, build sewers in the town, do this a
i and that, etc. But the County Commis
sioners unquestionably have no power to i
act as a municipal corporation board.
Their authority has well defined limits.
Still, however, some remedy does lie in 0
the power of the Commissioners. While
we repeat that county officers are vested
with no municipal powers, Benton is a most
g important portion of Choteau county and t
dl as such demands attention. We think that
h the Commissioners have authority Lo drain t
- the town sufficiently to protect the roads, F
- and in doing this they would be fully jus
tified even in stretching the law. Our t
g property holders, too, would contribute a
It liberally in helping defray expenses. t
d Most of the citizens of the flooded district
h have on a previous occasion subscribed for C
,e the first improvements wanted, and will t
allow their contributions to remain. 8
Or there is another, and perhaps the E
i- only sure means of securing for Benton lo- 8
11 cal improvements, that is to incorporate 8
Y under the present general incorporation
>- act defective as it is. Then we will have 1
na legal means at hand of regulating our e
le town affairs. This plan we think will be
i found the most feasible after all. The E
Commissioners are not to blame for being ]
loth to transcend their authority, and yet f
unless the town is drained and its streets
Sgraded, every manner of damage tohealth
it and propcrty is likely to follow. It is the
t RECORD's purpose to favor incorporation,
as the only certain remedy, and to treat of (
it more fully very shortly.
Is THlE NEW TESTAMENT'S RE- s
VS'IOS . s
- the
"Lord Chancellor Selborne in a letter to the
the Right Rev. Christopher Wordsworth, ing
Bishop of Lincoln, expresses the- opinion the
that the Revised Testament cannot be read is c
in the churches of the English Church un- a ti
til it has been recommended or authorized clu
by some sufficient public authority, and an(
that any church of England clergyman so of
using it incurs the risk of being held as an las
offender against the law." thi
The Queen of England is the acknowl- suj
edged head of the English Episcopal mt
Church, and there is a regular judicial on
system of courts in which an offence of dei
the kind Lord Selborne mentions would jec
be cognizable. Hence the Crown will have ou.
to sanction the use of the Revised wi
Testament ere divines of the estab- of
lished church can adopt it. Non- bk
conformists, however, in England, will me
regulate the matter pretty much as all th(
denominations-Episcopalians included- no
will in the United States. That is, it will be cei
done by church conventions, consent of 1a3
congregations etc. To judge from the
opinion' so far generally expressed, to Ti
scholars this revision of the new Testa
ment is most acceptable, but among nar
row minded religionists there is a great
deal of dissatisfaction. All social changes thi
and emendations as a rule, impress this las
class as unchristianlike; and it is but an
natural, that innovation-or anything that ne
has the appearance of it-on the orthodox pa
interpretation of the cardinal principles of to
there creed, so sacredly dear to them, rei
should be viewed suspiciously. There the
are sentimentalists, also, who regret that ho
the revision robs the gospels of much of in
their quaint phraseology, and from a it l
literary point of view they deplore it as tes
iconoclastic. Such objections, however, feo
proceed from a virtual placing of the ste
scriptures upon the same footing with cui
Percy's ',Reliques ot Ancient Poetry," or im
Spenser's "Faerie Queen," and it would am
greatly horrify strait laced churchmen to she
know that the refinements of modern aes- Th
thetics and their own rigid scruples, reach lut
the same result so far as the Bible is con- ed,
cerned. But in order to prevent the new gic
version of the Testament from supplanting doi
the old, criticism must be entirely differ- the
ent from the kinds we have mentioned. she
The revised Testament seems to be a poi
careful and thorough work-performed Th
too, by eminent scholars-and the proba- col
bilities are that it will gradually come in- ma
to general use, both in Great Britain and Th
the United States--receiving, of course, in in
the former country government sanction ter
for the established religion. King James' in
Bible thus won its way intopopular favor, poj
-and into the church of England i tself In 1
without any royal sanction whatever. And po
the older scriptures when revised- li.
they will not be completed for several an ele
years yet-will follow in the lead of whethl
the new version most successfully. majori
Ere another half century the old Bible tion at
will probably be found only on the book tures
shelves of bibliophilists. As throwing payerf
light upon the sacred writings, among the for the
more -intelligent minds, there can be no corpoi
question that these revisions are most ion th,
heartily to be approved-still, there is rea- -whc
son to fear that with the rank and file of the ee
its readers the fact thus brought home to tion,
them of the Bible's being a book capable ment
of correction and change, may have a ten- er, an
dency to lessen its influence. the co
ings u
SHALL WE INCOIRPORATE? howe'
electih
A general conviction is beginning to sentec
force itself upon the minds of our citizens, straig
that Benton absolutely demands a system a loc
of sewers for drainage, the improvement shortl
of its streets and sidewalks, and certain The
sanitary regulations, with means of en- sus z
forcement, to protect the health of its in- will I
habitants. This conviction has reference The f
to the town's future, but it has been engin
brought about mainly by the unmistak- by an
able needs of the present. To-day Benton us ap
;has streets, which after a two hours steady are in
rain are literally impassable. Its side- office]
walks are in as bad a condition as the sist a
streets. The different portions of the town clerk,
at times, are almost inaccessable ble, a
to each other. Pools of water ac- lice ji
cumulate everywhere - even before list,
the front doors of private residences- electi
and remain until they are evaporated or dent,
absorbed by the ground. Such is the con- those
dition of affairs in the summer rainy sea- each
sons, and In winter, when snow melts. city
In dry weather, our alleys and gutters pond
which are mere successions of filth puddles i" CO
all the year around, breed disease and -the
cause discomfort by there stench uncheck- it W'
ed. The festering corruption they gather other
and generate, also, percolates into our hold
wells, and we drink it day after day. ton t
Now our salvation requires a change in men,
all this. The future of the town, too, is Conn
being seriously effected. This state of full l:
things retards the erection of buildings, certa:
deters strangers from settling here, and good
from disgust and hoplessness makes even boars
old residents anxious to leave. This is no this 1
alarmist's view of the subject. It is based And
on painfully apparent and incontestable clent
facts. As the RECORD has said, ing t
there are two remedies. One is for walk
the Board of County Commissioners etc.
to do all that their limited powers will
permit, and then call upon the citizens for conts
voluntary contributions to supplement Mileý
their work. The other is to incorporate
incor
and have a local town organization under shoul
the law. her
This latter strikes us as the wiser course for
our citizens toadopt, and we shall attempt
to give one or two salient reasons. The old
saying "what is everybody's business is
nobody's" applies directly to the former
scheme. The Board of County Commis- To
sioners have been elected to look after the the c
interests of Choteau County generally. myst
The law explaining their duties is explicit stana
enough on this score, and they have neith- Sun
er the time nor authbrity to concern them- still
selves especially with the advancement of the 1
Benton as a town or the health or com- inqu
fort of its inhabitants. As to private sub- it is
scriptions effecting much, even with all the cattle
assistance possible from the Commission- note
ers, we are sceptical. Its impracticability, nic
we think, has been pretty well demonstrat- loss 1
ed already in Benton, and this neighbor that
would soon be accusing that neighbor of. sis o
notgiving his share etc. etc. A uniform othet
special local tax with a duly constituted furtl
special local government, alone, can meet raisi
the exigencies of the case. Once grant that dent4
the changes of which we have been speak- thei
ing are imperatively necessary, and that seek
the general popular sentiment of the town cim;
is determined that they shall be made in simil
a thorough, practical manner, and the con- the a
clusion is obvious,-we must incorporate Th
and organize locally under the general act ibov
of incorporation passed by the Legislature natic
last summer. Of course, it will cost somne- brai
thing to incorporate, and in order to the
support a town government our taxes tries
must be increased. If we take up- now.
on ourselves this additional bur- and
den, however, it will be with these ob- ig t
jects directly in view-namely, to add to vestm
our comfort.and protect the health of our can 1
wives and children, to increase the value a wC
of our poioperty, and, finally, to offer tangi- dent
ble inducements to capital to make invest- plac4
ments here, and to strangers to settle. If for t
these objects can be accomplished and in cess
no other practicable way, then we should Mae
certainly incorporate, and without any de- the i
lay. cattl
try,
THE MUNICIPAL CORPORATION witl
ACT. gras
There has been very little discussion of pe
he general law passed by the Assembly in
ast winter for the incorporation of towns er
,nd villages in Montana. Two or three St(
rewspapers have commented on it in brief me
aragraphs, and have, as a rule, seen fit Rr
a adopt a slighting tone-particularly in mi
egard to its length-but of the merits of al
he bill little has been said. This law, thi
owever, is virtually the same as one now fro
a force in the State of Wisconsin, where fai
Shas been thoroughly and practically thi
ested; and though, perhaps, in the first m(
aw sections pertainining to the preliminary sts
teps of incorporating, it is needlessly frc
umbersome, still in its main features, it lie
npresses us as an excellent enactment, evi
nd one of which the citizens of Benton W
hould unhesitatingly avail themselves. ter
'he present condition of our town abso- str
ately requires that it should be incorporat- qu
d, and our citizens when they meet to Be
ive the matter public discussion will no Ar
oubt so decide.- Therefore, without iur- cli
ier parley as to whether Benton should or spi
,ould not incorporate, we will proceed to ral
oint out one or two details of the law. nu
'he first step to be taken in order to in- is,.
arporate is to have a map and survey we
Lade of the mbounds of the future city. is 1
'hen a census of all the inhabitants with- col
i the town limits must be made; and af- mf
r these two preliminaries, within two chi
Ionths, a petition and application for a an
opular vote on incorporation can be heard pe
the District Court, and if there =is no opw go
osition the Judge will grant what the
asked and appoint inspectors to hold an'
i election for the pnrpor.- ,,f deidinig lck,
rhether incorporation is acceptable to the invests
majority of our citizens or not-the peti- but gi
ion and application requiring the signa- stock i
ures of not more than five resident tax- but to
avers. Of course the law provides amply wise i
or the expression of any opposition to in- Bento
orporation, and if the court is of the opin
on that the five or more resident tax-payers SO
-who have caused the survey to be made.
he census taken and have signed the peti- We
ion,-do not represent the general senti- imnle
nent of the voters, it will refuse their pray- politic
1r, and in its sound discretion, even saddle stitutt
he cost of all these preliminary proceed- ing it
ngs unon them. If there is no opposition, facts.
iowever, and the court duly orders an ready
election at which the incorporation is as- mono
tented to by a popular vote, the town is a prin
straightway converted into a city with tually
i local government of its own, and rather
shortly proceeds to choose its officers. lems<
r'he expense of the survey and cen- swers
sus which the newly incorporated city merel,
will have to meet, need not be large. like (
'he former can be made by a competent theme
engineer in two days and the latter taken with
by any active man in three. And now let to ca
as apply all this to Benton. Suppose we like
Hre incorporated and are ready to elect our kind
officers. These, under the law, will con- talin
sist of a p)resident, four councilmen, a less
-lerk, a treasurer, a marshal and a consta- the in
ble, also, a justice of the peace and :a po- growl
lice justice. But, though this seems a long The p
List, we can cut it down virtually to an prise
election of a council of four with a presi- now,
dent, for all these duties can be added to ing al
those of the county officials by electing The t
each of our present county officers to the rived,
city office whose functions corres- there
pond to his own. As there are no salaries partid
in connection with these municipal offices Presis
-the remuneration consists orily of fees- histox
it would hardly pay, moreover, for any mome
other citizens than our county officials to can
hold them. In brief, incoiporation for Ben- politi
ton means simply the selection of five sonme
men, who under the name of a Town comp
Council, will constitute alocal board with reaso
full powers to levy and collect taxes for shoul
certain specific town improvements. If Repu
good men are selected to constitute the the fe
board, the cost of city government under reaso
this law can be rendered merely nominal. tunes
And we secure in this board, a good efti- ratioI
cient and economic machinery for drain- Soutt
ing the town, repairing its roads and side- undo
walks, regulating its sanitary condition fights
etc. etc. As to the additional taxation Repu
upon us for the improvements we need, acted
most of our citizens have already offered to as the
contribute voluntarily to such purposes. Repu
Miles City and Bozeman both prolxpse to disor
incorporate under the law, and Benton is. h,
should not let these smaller p,l:ces outstrip even
her. of til
- -- factic
n -~rA vr , A) 4 TCTrV TAV r T.. 7TP i wT?7TTrr mistti
AiILL I .L.I1 1 LT 11 I1 JJa
WEST. Ti
bree
To a casual observer the magnitude of limi
e cattle business ini Montana is almost a
ystery; for though one is told, for in- in
ance, that there are 40,000 cattle on the I will
in River range in Choteau county alone, ba
ill but a taint idea of the importance of
e business is gathered without a careful part
quiry into its general management. And stal
is hardly credible, too, that none of these low
ittle are fed hay in the winter, and that pub
Den
At even the unparalleled cold of the late Dn
emorable season resulted in any serious oth
that
as to owners. In fact, it may be asserted tha
at our cattle men emerged from the cri- tive
Cn
s of last winter with less loss than any Co
her stock men in the United States, and ciat
Lrthermore, that as a result of this, cattle sun
tw
ising in Miontana offers almost unprece- two
anted inducements for investors. It is th
ierefore to be expected that capital will Gr
ek us and neighboring regions, where litl
imate and character of country are very mat
milar to our own, most eagerly within can
to next few years.
That portion of the Northwest Territory Co
cove Montana, extending from the Inter- mat
itional line north to Bow river and em- ad
-acing all the St. Mary's river section and bre
e Whoop-Up and Fort Macleod coun- ran
ies, is especially coming into notice just for
)w, and capitalists at Ottawa, Montreal be e
id throughout Eastern Canada are look- wi
g to it as a favorable field for future har- the
gsts of money. They are wise, for there uan
nto be no question that, like Montana, it is the
wonderful stock country. This is evi- fro
ent from.the rapid increase of the herds Fox
laced there by the Canadian Government is d
tr the benefit of the Indians and the suc- ed
ass met with in the business round about mo;
aecleod, where a number ot the officers of of
ie police force have invested in bands of Re
ittle. The ranges are in a broken coun- Re
-y, well watered and bountifully supplied Rel
rith the most luxuriant growths of huffalo ane
rasses. The quality of the beef raised, is pal
fthe finest, and after a drive to Winni- imi
eg, readily brings the highest price paid are
Sthat market. Some gigantic stock en
rprises are already on foot for raising Gr
:ock in this Bow River country, and reg
Lost prominent of all is the Cochrane wo
anch Company. This orgainzation is one
Lade up of wealthy gen tlemen from sever- 5sh
of the Eastern Canadian cities, and an
iey are possessed of large land grants ene
uom the Canadian Pacific Railroad. The Sue
Lith of the Cochrane Ranch Company in oPi'
te business, is demonstrated by the enor- tint
ouns scale upon which they propose to tir
art. Cattle will be continually imported
om England, and in this respect we be
eve the Cochrane Ranch Company will
ventually revolutionize the whole North be
rest system of cattle raising,-for they in- er t
nd breeding only from bulls of the purest
rains. With them, quality as well as 1
uantity is to be specially considered. as
elieving that the Herefords and Pole liel
agus are undoubtedly the strains for this I
imate and its ranges, no expense will be feti
ared to introduce -to their northern coil
inges blooded bulls of these breeds. The fusi
umberof cattle they propose to start with ;f,
not yet definitely settled, but it will be i
ay up in the thousands. The business -3
to be managed by a superintendent a.d i nt
ndueted by rules agreed: upon among its at
embers., They expect to obtain somei :S
langes in the Canadian branding laws, wet
Id will probably suggest to the pro- M'ir
nr authorities the adoption of those itry
avernizig in lontana. Atcertain periods 4Moj
ie increaseof thsee herds is 'to be isold, ind
d the proilt`a dividedi with average good the
'k, will be enormous. So gigantic an u
vestment as this promises to be, can not
it give a healthy impetus, not only to
>ck raising in the North West Territory The
it to that i n Montana also. It will like- t
se help to bring money and citizens toI coming
1t1[01 |eeln s-l"
Union,
NO DISSOLUTION OF PARTIES.
State N
We fail to see in the signs of the day any lowin
aimediate prospect of a breaking up of out in
)litical parties as they are at present con- i front
ituted. Many wiseacres are prophesy- kin any
g it, but they are hardly justified by the we;
Cts. In the first place there are no issues ta me
lady for new parties. True, the anti- le a ph
onopoly movement is one which contains by the
prin ciple of vitality and may yet even- "isplIy
sally figure in our politics. But it is these a
Lther in anticipation of economic prob- th se a
at noot
ms of the future than a demand for an- the Ho
vers to questions of to-day. So far it is th. Wi
ierely a theoretic agitation in which men Benton
ke Chittenden, Thurber et al. indulge Fourth
iemselves for extra routine occupation, of Cho
ith just enough of earnestness in it help uw
cause some prominent public man- aftern
ke Windom, for instance-to lend it a afterm
ind of pastime encouragemet. That cer- about t
in dangerous tendencies to great soul- strawb
ss monopolies do exist-particularly in
fe immense railroad systems that have
rown up-there can be no question.
he public, however, sees only the enter
rise of corporations and capitalists just All's
ow, and is inclined to overlook even glar- Agene
ig abuses in their modes of operating. cimate
'he time of checking them has not ar- its citi;
ved. And eliminiating anti-monopoly, round
here seems little else for newly organized from h
arties to wrangle about in the next Istock i
'residential campaign. Party names are ' aylor
istoric,,and carry a certain weight an(l IJesse,
iomentum even in themselves. Men cattle
an not break loose from old ly pul
olitical associations or names without and ha
,me sound reason, and in all the recent pastur:
omplications and squabbles no such sound themsn
eason is suggested, either why DIemocrats and in
hould cease to be known as Democrats, or IiMatt
wepublicans as Republicans. So far as onm re
lie former are concerned they have every tlhe c
eason to hope for a change in their for- which
ulnes. The main danger of the disinteg- by ano
ation of their organization lay in the ness o
outh, but recent events we believe have he is a
Indoubtedly dissipated it. The various t.r
gihts between the half-breed and stalwart partet
tepublicans everywhere have necessarily in Bet
cted as tonics upon the Southern as well drown
s the Northern Democracy, and it is in the Hamil
tepublican line, only, that there is any real These
isorganization so far. Even grave as this ton m:
however, it is not sufficiently serious i Miller
yen to threaten the immediate destruction and p
f the paty. But that there are two great skins
actions now in Republicanism, is an un- arriva
nistakable fact.
The fight of Conkling and the half- Th
>reeds at Albany, extends far beyond the that
imits of the State of New York, and Re- this r
iublicans everywhere, are taking sides- ter.
n a manner too, that -augurs the clash
4'ill continue whatever may be the Al
any result. General Grant symipathizes f Lyon
vith Mr. Conkling, and in the South
)articularly, do these two leaders of the the r
stalwarts have a following. But this fol- sheep
owing is confined strictly to Southern Re- wint
)ublicans, for neither the Southern up on
Pas
)emocrats, nor Democrats of any t
)ther section, can possibly forget
hat the very evils of tile system of execu- ton &
ive patronage, the weight of which Mr. band
Donkling has recently been made to appre- Denn
ilate, were fostered by him with most con- also
ummate skill for party purposes,during the 600 h
wo administrations of Grant; and that, Ou
:hough beyond a question Conkling and ditio
3rant are individually upright men, the po- agem
[itical element they control has in it :as name
mnany-ifnot more-spoils rascals-fed as progr
tan be found in the half-breed camp.
With Grant's personal influnence, and buil
Conkling's wonderful finesse as a political half s
mnanager, however, directed against the Ra
udministration and its followers, such a rain
breach may lbe made in the Republican enou:
ranks, thatin 1883 the Democratic nominees
ror the Presidency and vice-Presidecy can
be elected almost without a canvass. How
wide spread,-or at least to what an extent Hi,
the deadlock at Albany is typical of mis- sn
understandings among the Republicans of
the different States, can be easily gathered
from a general look at somte of them.
Forster's election in Ohio, next October, DE
is doubtful. New Hampshire has witness
when
ed recently in her Legislature, one ofthe
most acrimonious tghts, over the election do it.
of a U. S. Senator, she has ever known and I
.-.anld all because of a disagreement of a laug
Republican majority. North Carolina
consc
Republicans are at odds on a State temper- ister
ance issue, and lastly, the Readjuster Re- Com
publicans and straight Republicans find it ridin
impossible to accord in Virginia. These they
are instances enough.
It is not likely either, that the Conkliig- ing
Grant element, even if they should go into delpi
regular nominatingconvention, would ever A bo
work again for any other candidate than a Ph
one chosen by themselves. And if they aPhi
should succeed in selecting a candidate- kmd
an almost impossible hypothoesis-.their skId
enemies, also, would hardly support him I tool
Such is the present aspect of al'airs in our aid
opinion. Nevertheless, unlooked for con-a
tingencies may easily arise in the next Inoti
three years.sojo
Territorial Items. I help
' i mvvutr impnatnf nd-jurn 4n A-n usI
JYvGL, IW JVJ1LatL L LUW 11Il 1LUIIrllil r SLI
visited by some dramatic troupe or oth- "iHo
this season. "Bul
one t
Mr. Ballou, F. P. Sterling's successor infer
Receiver in the U. S. Land Office at but t
elena, has entel ed upon his duties, publi
Bozeman has recently been gulled by a Th
male named Leona, who after making a in T4
Ilection for a tight rope performance, re- sion
sed to perform. news
self
The entire re-issue of $84,000 worth of s.
shall
adison county bonds bearing 7 per cent, it a
terest was bought up by Henry Elling, th,
one tenth of 1 per cent premium. to tu
Stapleton, the man from St. Louis, who I r
ent to Butte not long ago to buy the gent
iner and didn't have .money enough, is arily
ring to get even .by abusing Butte and Mr.-:
ontana. The Butte papers aie naturally gent:
dignant, but their retaliating is treating Rase
e fellow with too much consideration. Cox
NEXT 'IýONDAY IN BENTO . ch icktqll
- him "1)
The Coming Celebration. i r. I
of a wit
ie Fourth of July commlittee have like, yo
it perfected arraugements for the forth- the piu
ing celebration. The little girls have t
I secured to represent the States of the {{nt in
oin, and the 18th Infantry band will It I Wet
hi Benton the 3rdt. Sultday. The car of Drew
e will form with the procession fol- Drw,
ing the bhmInd. Several clubs will tturn w.,v
ini fancy dress, it is learned. People to fie
I Highwood, and Belt and the Shon- the bui
and elsewhere are cooming ill, and it' bi u
weather is good the day pronlises to be id ;hl
emor-able one in Benton. There is to sitd I.
platform erected on Front street, close there "
the tower, where the fireworks will be rse is i
dayed in the evening. In addition to elle .
te attractions there will be tihe exercises ,lt to.
oon in front of the court house, where YOU tr
Hlon. Jas. IW. Conrad will preside andl I o si
s ite sl it
Wnm. II. Hunt will deliver tie oration.
iton will welcomle everyotne on tihe [ Tee
irth, and all our people, from one eiind toe
Thoteau to the o.her, shoniihl come and i rtýl
pus enjoy the day. The races in the :Lttace
rnoon will he well worthi seeing of ftttm
inselves, inot to the ntion the general stir it Out:P
Iat townl fromii sllnriie to sunset, and; the it wn,
,wberry festival in the evening. looked
Old Agency It.eluts.at it
- tortnie
OLD AGENCY, June 18th, 1881. of Mil
llI's quiet on the Teton about the Old a titsei
eny, its popul;tion having bee de- Mr.
iated by the absence of twenty-five oft sut)url
aitizens, who are off on the Sunl River isn't al
nd-up, besides others who are away g~eaetl
rn home on business connected with the ihats..
-k interest of this viciinity. Mr. Jesse gort v e
lor, for instance, better known is incle jI went
se, is away in Madison County buying "could
'le for Sand & Co. 'This firm has late-1 [ woel
mreha'sed seventy head of brood mlares ftoundl
I have seven hundred acres of fenced Mtr. P(
turage for them in which to disport N, I
ltselves, and drop colts, and increase e, it
I multiply. I tien
Hiatt Carroll is another who is away. By iands I
n report he is said to have undertaken S\eetl
conduct of the new store at Dillon, Barrel
ich T. C. Power is about to openi, anld ul ne
another, to be looking out for the bisi- ianulie,
s of Meyers, Buck & Co. of which firm di ectl
is a tmembher, say sh
Ir. 1. N. HaI;zlett is anoither of the de- get a j
'tetd. He and Mrs. Hazlett are with you
Benton, if they have managed to esca:pe
iwning by the way. His partner, Al.
milton, will visit you about July 15th.
ese gentlemen are sending to the Ben- On
n market two teams, those of Messrs. `!curri
Her & McKnight, loaded with a large Silver
: particularly line lot of robes, beaver o one o
ns and antelope and dooer skins whose oiwne
-ival buyers will do well to watch for. ,appea
The round-up has established the fact Slatvel
it not three per cent. of the cattle on before
.s range turned lup their toes this win- ing o
I tacher
[t is the busy season among shepherds, taince
offin & Grey are shearing 2500 sheep, crushi
ron Bros. about the same number, and fasten
A Reeves, on the Muddy, about 700-- could
a remnant of a band of unacclimtated it. 11
eep which survived the severity of the hoisti
uter. All this wool will soon he piled and,
on the Benton wh:trves. hastet
Passing to the cattle men, a lar'o'e sale of a ;rol'
)ck cattle was r'econtly made by Hamil- rock.
a & HaTzlett, who closed out their entth w'as
nd andn the famous '09 brand, to Maine& i nthil
nnis, for $4000. The lattei firm havt e i adie,
to bought for their North.ien contract jured
0 head of beef cattle at $30 pet' hitead. e true,
Our school is in a most flourishing con- both i
tion under Miss Lou Steele's abile man- riccei
erment. The twenty-five scholars whose seingec
mes appear on the roll are making great to ob
ogress. journt
I. N. Hazlett's new residence is being timne,
tilt rapidly; it is 47x32 feet, one and a for th
if stories high. befoil
Ranchmeu, even those who watntetld mnet
in the most, are crying "Hold, who I
ought!" More anon, Jint
X. decen
A PILGRIII'S EXPERIENCE. Ots, (
Blunderings With the People of the ei
in River and Vicinity.-A Letter
to His Cousin. Infl st(
SOUTH FORK OF SUN IIVER, 1[. T.,
May 29th, 1881.
EAR CovusiN:--I promised to write you
n I got to Sun River, but somehow or.
r I found too much else to think of to pom
t. The people there are so strange, Total n
I made so many mistakes, and the boys Averal
Avera g
,hed at me so much, that I became dis- Pereen
polate anud discouraged. Ithought min- Totalni
Hall was chief of the Montana Cattle Totol
ipany, and asked him for a job. He was
ig a bucking horse-breaking him,
said-and I never thought of him be
a preacher.
Lizzie
t Sun River I learned what a PI'ila- iredli
>hia treat was; I never knew before. Isaac
oyish-looking scamp asked me to have Willie
,iladelphia treat. I did not know what acorge
Miladelphia treat was, but I thought any oi '
1 of a treat was good enough for me, May Si
went with him. He called for a cigar; iobert
ok ditto; he paid for one cigar and I
I for ditto. This is a Philadelphia treat Benni
un River, and don't you forget it. But Mollie
Geuev:
,ticed a treat that beat that. A fellow who Mauil
urns around the drug and notion store Joseph
>ed himself to a25-cent cigar and hand- Nellie
its two friends each a five-center. Winny
was introduced to Mr. Bull. I said John j
)W do you do, Mr. Bull" liHe said oe"n
Flora]
illy." I met several Fords, but only Mary
they called Honorable. I would not C.i
r from this that the rest are all rascals, Eliz,
.Josepi
that they have never held offices of Jessei
lie trust. Annie
his reninds me of a young Ford-down Lenal
exas, of course,-who wrote an effut- Martli
Maggi
of his knowledge and sent it to a John (
'spaper for publication. He called him- Faiui
"Cow Bo.yrtl(
"Cow Boy." But the article was so Lizzi
low that the editor waded right through Georg
ad changed the current of Cow Boy's Alta :
Ights so much that he couldn't af-Ford i
ry again.
met some fellows they called Large- Mii
ts, andl yet they were not extraordin- tried
y large men. I got acquainted with a murd
Rasin, and in coniversation with the murd
tleman: I repeatedly, called him ýMr.
pberry. And in the presence of Mr. T'l
I thought of my :.old deserted game can b
, - . ..
.ktin and wias on the point of c:ai,;
1 "Dick."
r. Dunln, of ilun River, is somlh.1n
L wit. sy name being Dun, I fell friond
, yo know. lie said (now look out f;r
piuni, '-Well done, your name is Dan;
name is 'lone." I fort'ave himi andl
it liy wHy.
niet Mir. lHold iii comtpany with Mr.
w, from which I drew a concluisioin.
was introdltced to one young lady. I
ut'ld to be polite, so we talked of tihe
ather. She said we 1ave " nice iic tdte-
building was rather old and sha1hv--s
aid 'Y es, rat her a nihe house." "'No,"
1 slhie, "1 ineanlit ice housne.' "Indeed,,'
1 1. I think she inited to get nli in
re and freeze te,. so I said, "Of w\\hat
is ce?'" "To nimke-I scrteamlI!" sIa'
led. I said, "scream away there if vol
ut to: I haven't done anything to nmake
i ser'ealn. I alm not asham:tnd." 0),
said, "1 didn't say I'd SC''alltl. I said
Screamti." I saw the creamni of the joke
I left.
hie avi- I saw a lot of fellows ihtnitldil
untd a w \'1ag.i(i, to which there wasi a Iteani
achedl, all of which hid ,just arri\ved
Ii Hnitoln,. I wenit uip to ii. They said
avas a iineri wiagon. Naturally enough
vanted to know how a liiintcr's wnvgot
iked. I was afterwards chag:lrilned to lintl
it it was not a lniner'es wagon at all, but
'merly belonged to a man: b the name
Miinar, who one day li\'ved there. It was
niserallle rattle-trap, and I was mald.
,Mr. Wellhauser lives just out side the
burbs of Sun River, (ie., if Sun River
i't all uburbs) the boys the boys told me that the
ntlemaln wanted some ihelp with a Well
isa, ' called to procutre lthe jo, buit he
t exent, and toldl Ihe to leave the place.
vent frolm Suit River to I'lidia. hbut I
oniilint find the townv for tihe houses."
went frontl Ulidia to Chestnut, andtl
.andl that the town was smiall, anl that
r. Perspiration owned the whole plane.
Y, I ant wrong, those niames colnfoitllul
, it is Mr'. Stwet thlit owns (hesnillut.
then \twent twele miles west, to Slugi'r
ids pie,-I ami w\rong agaitni, I imean
peetland's place, and t frot there to Mr.
irrelnaker's, near Eagle Rock, that
ne is wrong too, Cooper is the proper
ine, I think. And frotm there, I came
reetly to this place (Smith Fork). They
y shepherd iat e in demand here. I may
t a job!, if lnot. good-bye, Motlltlnia
You r Cousin,
'L' D v x.
ini Accident.
On Monlday last, a terrible accident c
itred ill the "Governor Hayes' mline, at
hIver Star', by which .ames A. Slaven,
ie of the oldest miners in the district, and
,lner of the mine niaimed, lost his life. It
)pears that oil Monday last, just as Mir.
aven was filling; the last bucket of ore
±fore going to dinner, a huge rock,weigh
og over a thousaltd pOlunds, became e
cihed from the hanging wall a short dis
ic:o above him, and fell upon him with
*ushiing force, knocking him down, and
tstening him in such a manner that he
)ull not extricate himself from bene:ath
IHis brother, who was on the strface
oistiin., heard the noise caused by the fall,
id, suspectiing something was wrong,
astened down the shaft. With the aid of
crowba:r he suicceeded in removing the
ack, and then, tinding that his tbrother
as so b:Uly Id ljutred tha: tI he conlt do
ottiing for him nal&id ( nOeli for assist
dlee, which he soin oitained, nd the l::
ired iiaii \Vwas removed, with aill possible
ine, to his catbin. It was then found thalt
oth1 his leogs were hbroken and that hie lhad
sceivxed severe internal injuries. A mes
otger was at once dispatched to this eity
, obtain sturgical aid, but, though the
)urniey was made in a remarkably short
me, and I)r. Yager' started immediately
ar the scene of the accidentt, death ensued
iefore lie could reach there, nuud he wias
aet near the Broadtway mine by a mant
-ho bore the sad intelligence that poor
iln Slavent was past till earthly aid. The
eceased was universally esteemed for his
t'ict illtegrity of hlaraeter and iltdtlstri
us, enterp)rising habits, and tilh e\ent of
is sudden taking off has easct a glioom over
ie entire comuinmlnity.--fadisoanin, 18th
astPant.
SC0HOOL RE.POBRT ,
umary of attendance, scholarship and d;,
eat for the month ending June 16, 1881.
number of pupils enrolled . ............. 54
.ge numbber benging .......... . ..42
ge daily attendance ........ .82
rtage of attendance .............. ....
number of days attendance ... .. 62
number of days absence ..... . .......:.... 1
1 number of times tardy ............ .58
Roll of Honor.
(Giving 100 for perfect scholarship.
A. CLASS.
Bourasa., ... .. .. .... .. 00
ie Conw a .. ..........................98
r Tingley.......... .......... . 98
HIunsberger, .. .............................98
Currie;........... ......87
Marshal .......................... 9
e Kelly,. . . ..........
Whalen,............. ... ............87
T rom bley . .... ....... .............. ..... 7
enm eur............ . ... 87
SBeckm an.. ............. ...............
t T ingley ..... .................................
B CLASS.
i W he lock, ... .... ......... ......
topher Ilerman...... .................. 96
e W right,. .......... 96
ra Brown.. .90 ... g
Sa rl er, ....................... . ...... 90
W Locke ............... ........ ...
C CLASS.
Whalen .................... ..............94
SEv'an ,. ... . . .... 1
S llarown, ........ ..................91
lrinkma,. .......... .....................87
Brinkman, ..... .....................87
D utro, ...........................
Luken ....... .. ........ .....85
Luke ,.... ............. ......... ...............85
ie Brinkman, ............. .......... ...84
3lerchan t...... ............................. 88
h Cutought............... .. ........82
Samples.......................... ........81
e Thompson." ........... ... .... ... ..78
A. B. C. CL.ASS.
Falk,..... ..... .... ... ... .. ............ 99
t Bon0urassa. .............97
rie Curan.. ........ ...... 9..
Croft ......... .....8...
e Croff, .............. ..... . .... rO
ie Samples,.......... ... t;
Le Bryer........... ... ......... S
Tingley, ...........................So
;' Q utro............ .... .....76
a Jedlicay,.................... ..... ..3
Payne, .............. ........ .............
M. E. FINNIGAN, Teacher.
ichael Conoly alias Pierce, has been
a second time at Ba1nack for the
ler of Thomas M3cGuire. Verdict,
ier in second degree.
)e found ktG ar

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