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PUBLISHED E ExRY THURSDAY, AT THE RECORD STEAM PUBCLIBHING HOUSE, CORNER MAIN AMXD BAKER ST., FGORT BENTON, M. T. SUBSCRIPTION $5.00 PER ANNUM. ADVERTISINIG RATES. Column, 1 year . ......... ..........$20 I Column, 6 months .......................... 120 Colum n, 3 m ont ........................... 80 }( Column, 1 year...... ....................... 110 3X Column, 6 months.......... ........... 80 3 Column, 8 monhs... ....... 40 S3 Column, 1 year ..................... 75 ij Column, 6 months .......................... 40 K Column, 3 month ................. ......... 30 X Column, 1 year .............................. 45 3d Column, 6 months ........................... 35 3 Column, 3 months .......................... 29 Professional cards occupying the space of six lines (this type) or under, sixteen dollars per annum. Estray, Co-partnership, Collection or other transient notices, not exceeding ten lines aonpariel, five dollars for four insertions. Tran sient advertising must be paid in advance. We allow no commissions and prefer not to deal with advertising agents. Agents' or ders for advertising, unless aecompanied by the cash, will receive no attention. JOB PRINTING. We have every facility for executing the finest elasses of Book and Job printing, and our prioes are as low as those of any other printing establish ment in Montana. All book or Job work must be paid for on delvery. Turo P. WIL.ON, of England, is "corning across the sea" to fight Sullivan. ~ONEx of the assassins of Cavendish and Burke have been discovered so far. THERE has been a vigorous opposition to the passage of the repression bill in the English Parliament. Tisx Egyptian crisis seems to have past ed. Foreign interference has proved too strong for the National party. CONKLING and Blaine are both said to be making money, and it is denied that either of them has any desire for a congressional nomination. REAR ADMIRAL RODGERS IS succeeded by Admiral Worden, whose fame was es tablished when his Monitor met the Merri mac in Hampton Roads. IT has been reported that Forster is to be made Chief Secretary of Ireland. It is not probable, however, even though Glad stone is in very deep water. ThE aggregate land grant to the North ern Pacific was 48,215,040 acres, of which amount only 746,509 acres have beon pat ented to the company as yet. IT is announced that a marriage has been arranged between Princess Beatrice, the only unmarried child oe Queen Victoria, and Prince Frederick Willham, of He5e Darmstadt. Two new petroleum wells have been discovered and developed in Warren coun ty, Pa. They have a continue flow of 10, 000 barrels per day, Coal oil has taken a tumble in consequence. IT was reported a short time ago that some of the Dublin assassins were aboard vessels on their way to America. None of of them have turned up on detective searches as yet, however. TRE Northern Pacific is selling cheap excursion round-trip tickets to its western terminus on the Yellowstone. These spe cial rates are for the benefit of persons con templating immigratior to viontana. IT is repolted from Billings, May 16th, that the Northern Pacific has two survey ing parties from that point en route to Benton--one by way of Canyon creek and the other by way of Alkali creek. We will welcome both parties. EMERSON'S memory had failed a good while before his death. After Longfellow's funeral he said to his lifelong friend: "That gentleman whose funeral we have been attending was a sweet and beautiful soul, but I forget his name." CONGRESSMAN TOwNSEND has intro duced a bill providing that publishers of newspapers shall be allowed to send pa pers to subscribers free of postage. Cada da has a.ready passed such a law, which goes into effect two months hence. JAMES GoRDON BENNETT, of the N. Y. Herald, has bestowed $50,000 in U. S. bonds upon the widow of DeLong. Bennett thoroughly understands how to do a thing like that in proper style. There is no petty meanness about the man. THE deaths in France in 1880 were 857, 337, and the marriages 279,035. Compared with 1879 this shows a decrease of 3,471 in marriages, with an increase of 18,456 is deaths. The year's augmentation of pop ulatien was 61,840, as compared with 96, 647 in 1879. THE wife of Sergeant Mason has made a strong appeal to the President for the par don of her husband and he has promised to lay the matter before the Cabinet. Mon ey still comes in for Mrs. Mason anld her baby. Murat Halstead recently sent them his check for $400. NoNE of the so-called South Carolina ballot box stuffing cases will result in con viction chiefly for the reason that the al leged criminals are all innocent. The Re publicans papers, however, are very in dignant because these innocent men are not to be punished. SHIPHERD having refused to testify fully before his investigating committee and hav ing been dismissed, has suddenly chang ed his mind, and announced a readiness to answer any questions that may be put to him. He either wants more sensation or believes he can prove Mr. Blaine a liar. A BILL to increase the jurisdiction of justices of the peace in PWashiagton, Idaho and Montana Territories from $100 to $300, has been reported back favorably in the House and placed on the calendar. At present a justice of the peace in these Ter ritories can only try cases involving $100 or less. REPRESENTATIVE RANDALL is said to have notified the Republicans of the House that he will fight the election cases of as long as possible, relying on hot weather to cause an adjournment before they can be reached, but the Republicans threaten to hold back the appropriation bills until af ter the election cases are disposed ef. This they can do by virtue of their control of 4he committees. 'lTHE court in bane of the District of Col- I umbia has finally decided that Guiteau was justly sentenced. Hie will therefore hang on the .1h of June, unless Reed, his counsel, succeeds in suing out a writ de c lunatico inquirgndo and proving him in- < sane. Reed declares he will adopt this course. OzN the 16th of May in the District Court, Washington, D. C., Dorsey's name being mentioned and a deputy marshal who had been sent to Texas to look for him having reported that he had not found him, Judge Wylie suggested that his name be called by the crier. This was done, and Dorsey arose and responded to it much to the sur prise of the greater part of the audience. 'J'HE victims of the cyclone in the Indian Territory at a single point number four teen, and at another point one person was killed and six were severely injured. Nearly the whole area of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains has been the prey, here and there, of tempests and hur ricanes this spring, and terrible have been the losses of life and propertv.--N. Y. Sun. A'r her first appearance since the death of her husband, on the stage of Albert Hall, London, Mine. Nillson was dressed in deepest mourning, and her first notes betrayed her agitation by a tremulous quiver. But she soon conquered herself, and her full, strong voice rang through the hall with all its old-timed sweetness. 'The audience applauded rapturously, but she firmly declined the encore. NoT a dollar for Chandler and Robeson to spend on a new navy. It was under Robeson that millions were squandered, and nothing but old hulks were left to tell the tale. On one vessel-the Tennessee $1,500,000 has been spent for repairs since 1865, of which $(675,000 was called for be tween 1872 and 1875. No, no; investigate Robesoni; punish him; but give him no money to spend !-Boston Herald. CONGRESSMAN CRAPO'S curious cogno men had, it is said, the following origin: "In early Pruitan times, a French bark was wrecked on the Cape Code coast, and all on board we-re lost save one little boy. Him the strudy colonists rescued, and dub ped, because of his red hair and Freneh origin, Rufus Crapaud; and from that lit tle waif the present member for the First Massachusetts district is in the seventh generation of direct descent. A big land scrip forgery swindle has been discovered in St. Louis. A lirm under the name of Burt & Miller-whose members have absconded to avoid arrest--did the forgery and, it is claimed, circulated a large amonnt of the bogus paper, realizing thousands of dollars. A man named John D. Cameron has been arrested at Sioux City, Dakota, asa confederate. Burt and Miller dealt in all kinds of forged public land certificates, but principdlly in Louisi ana and New Mexico scrip. THE aggregate amount appropriated by the bill for the improvement of rivers and harbors, inclusive of the amount appro priated for the Mississippi and Missouri livers, is about ten and a half million dol lars. The following are some of the items: Missouri river from St. Louis to Sioux ,City, Iowa, $800,000; Missouri river from Sioux City to Fort Benton, $100,000; sur Svey of the Missouri river from its mouth I to Fort Benton, $25,000; Yellowstone river, $20,000; Red river of the North, $10,000; constructing a dam at Goose Ra pids, Red river of the North, $30,000; im Sprovement of St. Anthony Falls. $25,000. A few Republican papers in Montana are complaining about Delegate Maginnis' recent bill for the reapportionment. The main reason for their faultfindig seems due to the fact that Maginnis proposes to entrust the apportionment to two Demo crats and one Republican, instead of a body comprised wholly of Republicains in a Democratic Territory. Governor Potts, the Hon. Joe K. Toole, President of the Council and Col. John J. Donnelly, Speaker of the House, however, as the Netr Northwlest sensibly observes are not at all liable to gerrymander the Territory in the interest of either party. THE Faculty of the State University at Minneapolis, Minnesota, have discovered a new method of discipline. Recently a party of students were on a spree and two vigilant professors attempted to catch them when they ran. One of the pursued being closely beset displayed a pistol, whereupon Professor Pike drew another and shot the student. The Faculty and students have had a general misunder standing; for sometime past, and ithas cul minated in this bullet fracas. The wound ed man, Paine by name, is badly hurt, and a telegram dated the 10th inst. from Min neapolis says: The President of the State University and the two professors who pursued Student Paine were arrested to day. A San Francisco despatch relates that Ferris, alias Sir Roger Tichborne, is again in the city. His attorney says that recent ly he has been put in communicaaion with three persons, residents of this state, for merly in the employ of the Tichborne fami ly. One, Charles Burden, was page to Sir Edward. Doughty Tichborne. Another is a woman living in Alameda county, who was in the employ of the family for twelve years, and was married in 1855 in the Tichborne private chapel. The third is a man formerly employed as gardner for Henry Tichborne. These three met Ferris at an attorney's office last week and after conversation recognized and acknowledged him as Roger Tichborne. Arrangements are now being made for Tichborne to visit Father Lefebyre, his former, spiritual ad viser, now living in Paris. MR. PARNELL caused a sensation in the House of Commons last night by reading the letter which he wrote from Kilmain ham Jal1 to his friend, Captain O'Shea. It was the basis of the cotivention on which the gorernment released him. Itsterms were understood to be a promiseof Land League influence in exchange for legisla tion on arrears of rent. Mrd. Parnell's mo tives for making this promise he explns n an important interview held with our correspondent in he -lobby. ofthe House.: He knew that the number of evictions was increasing; he read that the outrages were growing worse; he heard that threats were being made of a still more stringent coercion act. He therefore determined to offer terms of peace. Somewhat to his surprise, they were accepted.-N. I'. Her aid, MuA 1Gth. IT is said that Secretary Teller has de- o termined to disarm all his Indian wards, F and some of the eastern papers are crying s out against him as if the gentleman from r Colorado were about to commit the un- t pardona'Ole sin. These humane editors, however, need not be too much exercised r about settlers and soldiers robbing and slaughtering the poor disarmed Indian. i As little as they prove themselves to know about the Indian and his methods in thus I disputing the justice of his gun's being i taken away from him, they evince still I greater ignorance of the Interior Depart- t ment and its methods. Secretary Telleri in talking about disarming the Indians is running a bluff, pure and simple. He has I not sufflcient authority, nor money and troops enough at his disposal to compass it. In short, the idea of a Secretary of the In terior contemplating seriously any such wise action is preposterous, utterly so. AGENT LEWELLYN, of the Mescalero Agency, New Mexico, sends the following despatch 'o the Indian Office. "Telegraph me at once if it is true that Congress has made no appropriation for the subsistence of these Indians. The beef and flour will hold out till July 1st. I have private arrangements made and want my family away from here by July 1st. You know 1 nor any other agent can con trol,these Indians on empty stomachs." A promintent lawyer of New Mexico sends an account of an incident where a hunting party, which included Judge Bris tol, the judge before whom Victoria was indicted for murder, was overtaken by a body of these same Mescalero Indians and accompanied for sevaral days. Upon leav ing them in a place of safety, the Indians explained that Victoria had heard of Judge Bristol's presence and was about to I attempt his capture, which they had posi tively refused to allow. A LETTER to the Secretary of the Interior from Mr. H. C. IHambly, of Parsons, Kan sas, says that settlements are being made t in the Oklahoma district, Indian Territory, by the followers of Captain Payne, and re quests the Secretary of War to take steps for their removal. Hambly places the number of these settlers at 1,500. Captain Carroll has made an investigation and efinds H-mbly's statement incorrect. The 'Oklahoma district has been thoroughly i scouted at intervals of ten days during the I past three months, and only one party, of K six men, were discovered in the district. 1 They were arrested and sent out of the c Indian Territory. A company of cavalry and a detachment of Indian scouts are sta tioned in the Oklahoma country, with or ders to arrest and expel all unauthorized persons. That no one may be deceived by the representations of Captain Payne, it is announced that the Government will not i permit settlers on the Oklahoma lands. THiE Troy Press of May 12th publishes the following at the expense of Sullivan who thrashed the champion of its city, Ryan: "On Tuesday evening Sullivan, the prize pugilist, entered Thomas Bren nan's saloon, in Boston, where he met William Hogarty, a diminutive barber. He made some remark about the latter's wife which the little barber resented and called the pugilist a liar. Sullivan replied with a blow, which Hogarty dodged. The knight of the razor being no match for Sullivan physically, cracked him on the head with a pitcher and laid him out on the floor. Sullivan grabbed Hogarty as he ftll, and, being the under dog in the fight, tho pugilist was at a disadvantage. He managed, however, to get the barber's right thumb in his mouth, which he chewed vigorously, while the barber got in some telling blows before they were separated by friends. No complaint was made to the authorities, and great efforts have been made to keep the matter out of the newspapers. Dox CaarRON having tampered with the Independent Wolfe and trapped him to his ruin, and having also secured about all the state nominations for his friends that he desired, can afford to laugh at his grumbling enemies. The New York Sun of recent date says: "Senator Mitchell, of Pennsylvania, has very promptly laid down, the true rule to test Senator Cameron's sincerity as to the reconciliation of the Independent Republicans. If Mr, Cameron is honest about it, says Mr. Mitchell, he will cause the withdrawal of the names of Jackson and Kaufman, ap pointed at his instance, to sccceed Sullivan and Wiley as revenue collectors in Al legheny and Lancaster. Mr. Cameron has all power in the premises, but he is almost as much amused by the suggestions as his convention was by the reform resolutions which were adopted at Harrisburg with the point left out." ORE of the measures which are now un der the consideration of the Russian Go vernment is the abolition of the poll tax. This tax, which was first introduced by Peter the Great, has always been very un popular in Russia; and the Government has had such difficulty in enforcing its payment that when arrears of it accmulat ed they often had to be struck off as a bad debt. Originally the tax was at the rate of 74 kopecks a head; but it was gradually increased in the years 1794, 1810, 1812, 1818, 1820,1863 and 1867: and it is now 2? roubles a head. The Taxation Com mission of 1859 recommended that it should be abolished; but it has hitherto been found impracticable to abolish it, owing to the difficulty of devising new taxes to take its place. The amount now produced by the poll tax is about 5,000,000 roubles, which sum it is proposed to raise by an in crease of the excise duties on tobacco, cof fee, and wool.--Exchange. The military telegraph:: office posts the following regarding the boats: The Key `West passed. Buford on the 30th.- The; .Butte passed Poplar river on the 26th,,and the Helena on the 30th, the Re Cloud on "11E IRLSTI ,SIT TUATIOX. ( The effect upon popular opinion in Eng land, produced by the assassination of Lord Frederick Cavendish and under Secretary Burke, seems by no means to have been as adverse to Irish interests as there was rea son to anticipate it might have been. It is true that Sir William Harcourt, in behalf of the administration, has introd eued a re pression bill in Parliament which is so stern in its provisions for the future sup pression of agrarian outrages in Ireland that Parnell and his followers are vigor ously opposed to it. But immediate resig nation or the taking of some such step was the only alternative left the Gladstone min istry in view of the intense popular com motion, and, no doubt, though Parnell is right from many standpoints in condemn ing the wisdom of such a measure, even he would not oppose it but for the fact that his not protesting against repression or coercion in any shape or form proposed or suggested, however expedient it might be iii some respects, would necessarily sub ject him and his policy to much miscon struction on the part of the more radical wing of the Land League and greatly im pair his influence. In truth, Mr. Glad stone's adherence to this bill seems to pro ceed from the pressure of prejudice, and Mr. Parnell's.opposition can be explained in pretty much the same way. Each lead er desires to have no disaffection in the ranks of his followers. That Gladstone desires to, however, and will do all that lie can, that is to' say, all that, his supporters will allow him to do for Ireland, we be lieve that there can be little doubt. He will administer harsh laws in Ireland, too, if he is forced to, with no additional severity through the selection of bad t agents. There is great significance in the fact that in spite of the clamor for it ex-Chief Secretary of Ireland, "Buckshot" Forster, who is a Tory masquerading as a Liberal, has not been reappointed to the office in s which with stupid obstinacy he had made f himself so justly unpopular. Far from Forster's being placed in a position again - to harry the Irish nation. lord Caven dish's successor is a man who can not but be acceptable to the people of Ireland so i.far as he is individually concerned. The new Chief Secretary, George Otto Trev e elyan, is a man of some fame, and this fame is mainly due to the life he has writ ten of the great English-Irishman Charles s James Fox, in which work its author be e trays a most kindly regard for the Irish race. The present situation, however, is I not an easy one. Both Gladstone and Par e nell stand on slippery ground and neither can aid the other much through untoward e force of circumstances. Both men though f are battling hard for the right, and have 1 that at least in common. THE IRBIH A RREAUtS BILL. Mr. Gladstone has at last introduced the long promised arrears of rent bill in the House of Comnnmons. The object of this bill is to relieve Irish tenants from the burden of accumulated arrears of rent. The bill provides for the wiping out cf all arrears except for the past two years, and that the government shall assume the rent due for one of these years. Of course the land lords claim that this measure is a confisca tion of debts due them, but inasmuch as most of the tenants are hopelessly and ir retrievably in arrears for even so long a period, some of them, as fifteen years, the act in reality will operate as a just and equitable compromise between the two classes, the landlords gaining rather than losing. The law will be applicable to the great mass of tenants as it affects all pay ing less than $150 a year. according to Griffith's valuation, which valuation is made compulsory under it. It also pro vides that no ejectments, until July 1883, can be made, even if the one year's arrear age for which tenants are alone made liable under it is not paid, and forbids rack renting and any evictions that land lords might attempt in anticipation of its passage. This is a bold, daring measure, and if it goes through will be of immense benefit, especially to the Irish peasantry who bear the brunt of the suffering and hardships for which their native land has become so sadly noted throughout the whole civilized world. In the year of famine, 1846, some 300,000 Irish tenants were evicted for falling be hind in their rents, and homeless, house less and starving, forced to die or else sub sist on uncertain foreign charity. More over, it is now generally admitted that but for the Land League agitation the potato famine in 1879 and 1880 would have pro duced results even more tragical. Hence it is easy to perceive the necessity and jus tice of releasing these poor victims to an outrageously cruel land tenure sys tem, from the penalties thrust upon them by grasping, thoughtless greed, demand ing higher rents than human beings, de pendent on their bodily labor for daily bread, could pay. Again and again has such a measure been proposed to the Eng lish Parliament, but always hitherto in vain. iMr. Gladstone will assuredly ac complish a noble work if he passes this law and makes it successful. O" the 18th of May the House ofRepre sentatives after a protracted debate passed the bill enabling National Banks to extend their corporate existence. No little anxi ety has been felt at the disposition in Con gress to put off this important measure in asmuch as the charters of hundreds of these banks are soon to expire, and the re sult of suffering so many of them to wind up suddenly would have been attended with serions consequences to the business interests of the country. The bill pro vides that any national banking associa tion may at any time within two years next previous to the date of expiration of its corporate existence under the present law and with the approval of the comp troller of the currency, extend its period of succession by amending its articles of as sociation, for a term of not more than twenty years from the expiration of the period of succession named in said articles of association, and it shall have succession for such extended period unless sooner dis solved by the act -of shareholders owning two.thirds of its stock, ;ir unless its fra of law. Such amendment of articles of n association must be authorized by consent i in writing of shareholders owning not less s than two-thirds of the capital stock of the ti association. ( BENTON TO-DAY. The outlook for Benton has never been r more promising than it is just now, though ( many even of our most sanguine citizens f feared that the present season would prove 1 a most trying one to the town's prosperity t and future. It is true that a stranger com ing here receives the impression that our streets are quiet, and naturally enough at tributes this to dullness. But this quiet is no indication whatsoever of stagnation. Is there a demand for labor, and are our business houses prospering ? are the actual test questions. And both of these can be most emphatically answered in the affirm ative. In spite of quiet streets, more freight has already been brought up the river and placed on the levee this season than was landed during the whole of last year; and granting that last summer was an exceptionally bad one, the showing, considering that only about six weeks of the present season have elapsed, is never theless remarkable. The railroads have taken away almost all the interior Montana shipments which were deemed so vital to the river traffic. But not a steamboat less is puttffing up the Missouri this year than last; and this fact significantly indicates that Benton is sustained by itself and its tributary country, and can depend for the future wholly on its own resources. Nay, the determination of the interior shippers to try the railroads instead of the river route has proved of advantage to our town, for, we understand, immense cargoes of lumber and building material are to be t brought up by the boats, exclusively for f ou.r own home market. This is most cheer , ing, for never has there been so active a , (lemand for building material of all kinds I here as at the present time. Contractors, buiiders, brick--masons and carpenters have I actually more work on hand than they can manage. LLots, too, are changing owners - in boom style, and several well known t capitalists from the east are buying them as fast as they are offered for sale. An ad dition of 160 acres is soon to be - added to the town plat, and it will be s bought up without any hesitation or delay. - New houses are appearing in all directions 6 and neat, carefully kept and improved - homes everywhere greet the eye. Even i the bench lands above our valley, which it s was thought only a few months ago, there - would be no demand for within the next r five or six years, haye been taken up for l miles around, and several of these locators h have boldly put in experimental crops and e will no doubt harvest them. Very few availabls bottom ranch locations are to be found within a radius of twenty miles of Benton now. e Our merchants and their clerks are busy e day and night, our banks prosperous, and 1 professional men and all other classes of n workers.as much occupied as they could wish. Now, when we reflect that all this ,s steady activity in Benton proceeds wholly e from natural causes-that is, from the r promising possibilities of our town and its tributary country for development and the generation of wealth exclusively from a home resources-there is no little compla cency and pardonable pride to be derived from it. If all this comes without a rail road and with no immediate prospect of a Srailroad, what a boom we have every reason to anticipate when we do get one, as we are bound to within the next two n years! There is bound to be a goodly lit e tle city here at the head of navigation on the Missouri, and the talk that we are now Sbeginning to hear among our citizens, of arteuian wells on the uplands and a sys tem or water works for Benton, is not idle or meaningless and simply anticipates what will actually come to pass in the next few years. A YOUNG MAN'S CHANCES IN BENTONV A YD ITS VICINITY. The following letter of inquiry comes to us: RIVERSIDE, Iowa, May 19th, 1882. Editor of Fort Benton Record: DEAR SIR :-I write to you for informa tion, which I trust you will, so far as you are able, have the kindness to give. How are the chances in Montana for a young man? Can he get anything to do there? I am not particular what I work at for awhile,-anything that will afford me a livelihood. Is there any demand there for school teachers? An answer to the above, and any information in reference to Montana, will be thankfully received. Respectfully yours, FREDERICK SMITh. Riverside, Washington Co., Iowa. A reply to the above questions might take a very wide range, inasmuch as they are somewhat general in their scope. It is difficult for persons at a distance east of us to conceive of the enormous extent and variety of the territory embraced under the short name of Montana. Even its own residents, the majority of them, have but a vague knowledge of any other sections than those in which they live. Montana is a new country, sparesly settled-but rapid ly fillhng up, rich in gold, silver, and al most all other mentionable minerals, has vast ranges that graze thousands of cattle and sheep, contains fertile agricultural lands, and is as big again as two or three of the eastern states combined. It is a country of fabulous promise of whose varied resources, as yet, no proper estimate can be made. We presume, however, that our young correspondent would like to have some information in reference to his pro bable business opportunities in this par ticular portion of the territory. As a general proposition there can be no doubt that any young man in an eastern state who is now fighting there against poverty and a lack of opportunity to develop what is in him, would stand a far better showin a new country like this than at home; pro viding always that the young man has pluck, self reliance, energy, and good :habits, and can leave his old homeand as sociations :without any, childish longing to return after the ti`rst rebuff or two he [might meet With out here. The opportu nities offered young men in this section to tl make money and establish themselves in a some kind of business or other, are three or in four times as many as in the older settled re crystallizing states ;and these opportunities I depend almost entirely upon the individual w himself, without reference to who his be father may be and whether or not he has rich or influential relatives. Moreover, the development of our section is still in its in fancy, and such opportunities are likely to be more and more frequent for some years b, to come. Good sense and self-reliant c, energy, are almost certain to win here- f( abouts, Anybody who is willing to work t, in Benton and in the country around it I can always find empleyment of some kind, and although often enough it may be un- tl congenial, still, anyone who does his duty " by the uncongenial is more than likely to shortly find something to do which he a prefers, and is better adapted for. b We believe that a competent b school teacher who came out here might very soon obtain a position as a teacher and get the average pay of $60 or $75 a month, but the probabilities are that be fore he secured such a place, if he had no money to admit of his being idle, that he would have to be satisfied with a place as a sheep herder, at the ruling rate of $40 a month and board. As we have said, few questions are asked out here as to what a man's antecedents have been, and whether lie supports himself by his wits or by his hands, without reference to what his pre vious training or vocation has been, makes little difference in the estimate put upon him, social or otherwise. There are edu- 1 cated men in these parts, sheep herding, and ignorant men who are teaching school. The same thing is true of every other sphere of business action. Still, all this has a natural tendency to right itself, and, we repeat, opportunities for all kinds of - activity are occurring far more constantly than in older countries, and in every walk 5 and grade of work. In Benton a good merchant's clerk usu ally commands $75 a month, often his board besides, and a competent bookkeeper s gets more; but they are expected to work hard for their compensation from morn ing to night and with no regular hours for - stopping. Day laborers can command e from $3 to $3.50 per day, and mechanics e from $4 to $4.50. A farm hand expects about $40 a month with his board. Our B advice to a young man who could come a out here with some two or three hundred r1 dollars, would be to take up a 160-acre .t ranch under the United States Land Laws e If lie is careful to obtain a good location :t and obtains a title to such a ran:ch and then r waits a year or two, either remaining on 's and farming it or else going at something d else meanwhile, he is liable to be indepen ' dent from the rise in value of such land e alone. Or, if he cannot bring any money ii with him, then let him come, take hold of anything that offers, save money and then y locate a ranch. d If Mr. Smith belongs to the class of young t men we have been speaking about, and d which his letter indicates that he does, we s would advise him to find his way by rail to Y Bismarck, Dakota, and there take a Mis .e souri river steamboat for Benton. We :s have a promising, growing, little town, ,e destined, as we believe, in a few years to " be a city, here at the head of navigation of the Big Muddy, and a very rich tributary country surrounding it, atnd no enterpris ing, industrious young man need fear the a result of casting in his lot with us. AT LAST ! The Good News Comnes. The Vein of The W. & E. Has Been Struck. The good news came to Benton last night, brought by Hi. Wright, that the tunnel on the Wright & Edwards lead had struck the vein and that a large body of high grade ore was in sight. For some days preceding last Sunday the miners driving the tunnel had been at work in the casing and it was known that the vein was not far distant. On Sunday morning at 2 o'clock two miners named Otey and Sulli van, constituting the night shift, put in a shot. When the smoke cleared away they discovered that the blast had disclosed ga lena in the true vein of the W. & E. mine. It is not known now what the width of the vein is-nor will it be known for a week or more; but, as Mr. Wright says, if there should be no more ore than is in sight now, the Wright & Edwards is among the best of Montana mines. The ore of the vein is of a different qual ity from any that has yet been found. It is extremely friable and crumbles into small pieces when struck with the pick. The specimen shown us is about the larg est that could be procured and it was not larger than an egg. The galena has the bright lustre peculiar to high grade ores. The strike was examined by all the old miners in the camp who pronounce it of unquestionable richness. Tihe strike has bdomed everything in the camp and given an impulse to work. Town property has risen in value three fold. The confidence of Professor Foss, the Clendenin Smelter Superintendent, is typ ical only, but he pronounces it perfectly safe for the smelter to start about running to its full capacity on the strength of what is seen. Accordingly two new eighty-foot wasters will be put in immediately and will be running as soon as possible, prob ably by August 1st. On the north level there are now three feet of solid galena and on the south three and one-half feet. The Wright & Edwards can show to-day what no other mine in Montana can and that is six hundred feet of ore-shoot in levels, tunnels and drifts. The doubts and croakings of the skep. tical are set at rest. The Wright & Ed wards is a mine and who shall say that there are not many more. The Barker camp must now certainly forge ahead and soon distance any other in Montana. The smelter starts up again on June Ist, work ing Wright & Edwards ore. The following is an extract from a letter from Prof. N. A. Foss to Jos. S. Hill, the president of the W. & E. Company: "The tunnel reached the vein in the W. &E. this . M, 257 feet from the entrance and 39 feet from the , ita'o .. A thuis the vein or the amount of ore. The ore is a fine quality of galena. I shall visit the mine to-morrow and make an assay arid report to you in full by Wednesday's mail. I am well pleased with the outlook. TLe working at the north end is improving in both size.and quality. Territorial Exchange Items, Two hundred and ten buildings have been erected at Bismarck this year at a cost of $147,000, a pretty good showing for a town that according to the represen tations of Fargo and Mandon is dead. Bismarck Tribuns. The Judith country will eventually be the greatest wheat-growing section in east ern Montana. The great need now is flour ing mills. There would have been many acres sown there this season if there had been any milling facilities in reach.-Hus. bandman. We asked a practical miner a few days since what he thought of the relative mer its of Baker, Montana and Maiden as min ing camps, to which he replied: The ores of Barker and Montana are probably much lower grade than the ores of Maiden, but Barker and Montana districts will be rich and prosperous mining districts long after the leads of Maiden have been dug out and forgotten.-Husbandmaln. Somebody once inadvertently inquired "Who wrote the Junius letters," and an other asked: "Who struck Billy Patter. son?" These simple queries have since been ringing down the corridor of Time to the anguish of many souls, and we fear we have started another incessant racket by publishing a traveler's inquiry as to the origin of the word "Missoula." Our opin ion is that Miss Oula was the name of the sweetheart cf the Indian who first discov r ered the country.--Ne. North-West. The Maiden boom has "busted',' at last such are the indications. Men are leaving - there in all directions. Those that come this way say that there is nothing there. r The few rich seams from which the fabu c lous prospects were taken have been dug - out. We of course do not believe all we hear against the cap, but are confident it I has been greatly overdone and that its pros s perity will be greatly retarded thereby. s There are probably some good leads there, r but more work and less noise would have e been much better for the camp.--Husband I mad. e There werere a number of wrestling matches in Butte last week and the Minar n says: "The contests were all conducted n strictly according to Cornish rules and in 1I what is known as the Cornish style. To K anyone not familiar with the hold, it seems at first rather awkward, as each man, af d ter stripping as much as he deems proper, Y must put on a loose canvas jacket, appar 'f ently three or four sizes too large for him, n and made not to fit to the body but to hang loosely from the sides. According to the g rules all holds takenjby the wrestler must d be on this jacket or on some part of the e body covered by it. From this slight de 0 scription it will be seen that a good collar - and elbow, or Graeco-Roman, or catch-as e catch-can wrestler is not necessarily an ., adept in the Cornish style. Anoter rule 0 belonging to the sport is that the contest f ants must not touch the ground with their y knees during the struggle and before a - fall. NOTICE OF SALE. NTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN, That in pursu anceof an order of the Probate Court of the County of Choteau, made on the 31st day of May, 1882, in the matter of the estate of James Creeks, deceased, the undersigned Administrator of said deceased, will sell at private sale to the highest bidder, for cash sale subject to approval of Pre bate Court, on Wednesday, the 5th day of July, 1882, at 11 o'clock, a. m., at Hughes City, Barker D strict and at the office of Buck & Hunt, Attor neys, at Fort Benton, in said Choteau county, the following property, to-wit: Six hundred feet in the Mary Ann mining claim, Barker District, Meagher county, Montana. House and lot in Meagher City. One horse, one saddle and a bridle at Fort Bea ton, M. T. Bids upon the mining property, house and lot, bide to be separate, may be handed to Mike Lar kin at Hughes City, Barker District, in Meaghor eounty. Bids for the above described property may also be handed to John J. Donnelly or to Buck & Hunt, attorneys of the estate, or to W. G. Conrad, Ad ministrator in Fort Benton, Choteau county. By order of Probate Court. W. G. CONLAD, Administrator. jelw4t NOTICE TO CREDITORS. Estate of George Clendenin, jr., deceased. Notice is hereby given by the undersigned, Ad ministrators of the estate of George Clendenin, Jr., deceased, to the creditors of, and all persons hav ing claims against the said deceased, to exhibit them with the necessary vouchers, within ten months after the trst publication of this notice, to the said administrators at the offce of Buck i Hunt, attorneys at law, at Fort Benton in the said county of Chotean. C. E. CONRAD FANNY CLENbENIN. Administrators of the estate of George Clendenin, jr., deceased. Dated at Fort Benton, M. T., April 12, 1882. aprl4w5t STRAYED OR STOLE.. $20 Reward. A buckskin horse, 8 years old, branded T on left thigh, all four feet white, 15% hands high. The other-a dark iron grey horse, years old branded N on left shoulder, three white feet, white strip in forehead, 14~ hands high. Parties giving in formation regarding the above horses will be lib erally rewarded, or 820 for the return of the horses Address Harris & Strong, Benton, lM. T. may$Sdaw3m JAMES DsWOLFFI SHERIFF'S SALE. JoHN T. MURPHY, et al., Plaintite, Against S. E. DAvis, Defendant. To be sold at Sheriff's sale on the 8th day of June, 1882, in front of the court house, Fort Benton, Cho teau county, Montana, all the right, title and in terest of S. E. Davis in and to Lots Number One (1), Two (2) and Three t8) in Block numbered Twenty-six (26) in the town of Fort Benton, Cho teau county, Montana Territory, according to the recorded plat of said town of Fort Benton, Mon tanat JOHN J. H]ALY, Sheriff. maylltd WOOL. Wool ! The undersigned desires to inform the wool growers of Montana Territory that he is prepar ed to pay the highest market prices for wool at the nearest shipping point. Offices at Gans & Klein's, Helena and Benton. All letters will receive prompt attention. L. CANS, Jr. 2m-my81 , STOLEN By Indians from my ranch on the Teton, on the night of May 11th One Dapple Brown Stallion,5 yeas oldv weight 12 pounis; left hind foot white; known as; the John Rammer horse Of Bitter Root. A liberal sum wilU be paid for ieturn to me, or to Uaitrrs & St ruag'e tablo, Benton. .myI7t J. Q&LBBUATS-