Newspaper Page Text
SFort Benton, ontana, Wededay, Ptober 2 E7,1880.
Vol0. FI ort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, QO;tober 57, 1880. No. :i WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVEBNF, PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS. Terms,......................... $5.00 per Year. PATES OF ADVERTISING: One Column, 1 year............................$175 S 6 months....................... 100 t" 3 ' .... .............. 75 Half Column, 1 year......................... 100 ,, 6 months .......................... 75 • ' 3 " ........... ..... ....... 40 One-Third Column, 1 year..................... 80 , 6 months ................... 45 ,, 3 months .................... 30 Quarter Column, 1 year ........................ 75 6 months ................. . 40 ,, 3 months .................... 30 Three inches, 1 year .......................... . 50 ,, 6 months ....................... 30 i. 3 months............... .. ..... ... 25 Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year ............... 15 Ratus for Transient Advertisements givea at office, CONTENTS: inr' - P '« `-- hote' Cotr: y Tickets. The Barker N i: pe:ial Dispatches. Notes of News. s ', I: 1'XGE--A fo,rgotren Empire. Government I.!-: . lhiaa'. PropI atiol for War. TLe Woolen TIInau PAGE--CiRpit~t: R'mi'sc~conces. A Proa-her's S:::r. Te KeeL.; ;Magzin'e Gun. In the Georgia Go 'd ''"t. 'Tw, l 'il, i of Ja w. Fashion Notes. : ,:('i'T lP. :--(Editori"al otes. Corimorant Rule. I3r I n -, F;m c:nitri:g. Elc:.tion Laws. i' ' -"Tainls." Oiur Canuridite. Afte '-; Eleios. Meteorological Re ;rs- P'a--- uP liver Letter. Notes. Territoriar S:v..it Pa 'r , -A Silent Voice. Scientic Notes. N!c oas ai. Alexanfdor. e aroieon II. F loatin F,,e , . An Awkward Compliment. D:,;. ;ri 1'F:,c,-Ih Town and Out. General Locals. P I::ly P,:rsonal. ThI e Price-Conrad Wedding. 1o)n",at Miies. , udge( sof Ele1 ion. C if eJT E't U IEP:1UBL ICAN T IO ETf. 1 For Io" rgate to C 'ngress.-WILBUR F. SANDERS. For C ,at ii'l:nen.-- 1. i. CHURCIILTL. O(:,NEIU II HEDGES. JOH)LN KINNA. ANDRIEW J. S3MITII. For Pepreen tati es.- -ROi ERT VA UGHN GEO. CLENDENNIN, SR. For Distri "t Alorney --. H. I)DE VTT. For Souril and A es.'or.-W . ROWE. For Trecr and Supt. Schools.-JOIN HI1iNSBERGER. For Prolaite TJudgre and lecorder.-J. W. TATTAN. Fior ("cunty C:mmisiouer.-J. 1). WEATHERWAX. For Coroner.-C- HAS. BOUiRASSA. TowNsHI OFFICERS. For Justices of the Peace.-GEO W. CRANE. J. A. K, NOUSE. For Road Supervisor.- NICK WELCH. For Co.istab)ies.-W. H. M:,ELHINNY. GEO. W. SCOTT. C3H O'T EAU }E S OO. 'I XCRATIIOý TICKiET. For Del :ga te to Congress. -MA RTIN IMAGINNI 3. Fo: Councihnen.--R. S FO i'D. W. 13. IIUNDLEY. JOS. K. TIO LE. J. L. KERLEY. ,? R_ >pres.ent <;iv,.-.--tL A. KENNERLY. J. J. DONNELLY, 1 Di-frict Att orney.--T. J. LOWRY, ,, ,iff ,m Assassor -JOHN J. RIEALY. i:'(r. T:r',' ati " ;"i,. Schools.-JO.I", HUNSBERGER. 1I', P ob ,e Ji dge and Recorder.-J. W. TAT PAN. 1e r 'ontr Cu'n'uis siner-A. i, HAMILTON. : :oroner.-- i , KELLTY. ToWNslIP OFFICERS. For Justice of the Pea.=e.-J. A. KANOUSE. For Road Supervis or.-JOHN LA .)OTT. FIor Coi:taie.-GEOj. . SCOTT. TfI I RARII(PR MINFR A THE BARKER MINES. Their General Characteristics and Forma tion-Possibilities of Their Future --What Has Been Done. The Indications of a Coming Boom for the Belt District Changing Into Certainty. There is hardly a parallel instance in the history of Montana mining excitements where a casual prospect has grown so rapidly into development as ,in the Barker district; and Montana has never before shown such mag nificent prospects as the past few months have developed in these mines, nor a case where systematic prospecting has revealed so many indications of richness, continuity and volume. Indeed, there are but few instances in the records of mining where all the indi cations were as favorable for the possible de velopment of splendid properties as the dis -coveries in the Barker district present. The formation, in a country rock of the earlier geological eras, granite and porphyry, indicates veins which past experience has demonstrated are ricnest and most permanent -free from the uncertainty which mineral deposits in later formations usually present. There are a class of mines which for a time prove of more than ordinary richness, and are occasionally found in enormous body, (the latter sort, however, are usually of low grade). But they are generally fugitive in character, and after being worked for a greater or less time, either gradually impov erish, or the ore asuddenly disappears. Such mines are usually only the debris formed by convulsions which cause a conglomeration of earlier formations. No good mineral belt is without these " blow-outs," as they are often erroneously termed, and their existence is fair evidence that there are in the vicinity parent leads which by attrition or convulsion have become in part disintegrated. Of course there are exceptions, and cases where these deposits give no indication of true vein satter, owing to the total destructi o. . the original forma, tion by causes not yet understood, and the collection of mineral matter iitio the depres sions generally known as pockets; but they are only exceptions As a rie, veins with well.defined granite walls, with not too great an inclination from the perpedicular, willi hold oart as deec as it is prastiwibi a to work Ams oupFinvin,=bt gne1 sxsti pockets and large bodies which, from the nature of their combinations and the pecu liarities of their surroundings, must have been precipitated from an aqueous solution. They are generally very rich, but as a rule do not possess the virtue of stability. The car bonates of the Leadville district are probably of this formation, although they exist there in enormous body. The mines in the Barker district, so far as development has indicated .their nature, pos sess, in an eminent degree, the peculiarities of true fissure parent leads, and only in a few' cases do there appear evidences of de posit veins or ore bodies. • And when this is considered in connection with the unusual width, regularity and richness of the ore veins, there is every possibility for a glorious future for this camp. The geological formation of the district is in some respects peculiar. A strata of silica lies under the granite and extends nearly to the Oxide & Boss, when the forma tion is purely granite to the D innelly & Er.n ma, where it is intermixed with porphyry, es pecially near the walis of the veins, which is a most favorable indication. The Wright & Edwards, Barker & Grey Eagle, and the Equator & jaco form, from the indications thus far developed, what appears to be the central or parent group, flanked by veins which have spurred out in several places in the direction of the general formation, from the beginning of the granite of the lower to the gneiss of the upper; and the direction, dip, and general characteristics of the ore veins indicate that the whole are an offspring of the same set of conditions which formed the central lode; and should further develop ment strengthen this hypothesis, there will no longer exist reasonable doubt of the abso lute durability of the veins and the stability of the new camp. Above the gneiss, and between it and the slate, is found some very rich deposits of carbonates, showing much the same charac teristics as the Leadville product. But there is so little developmnent here that the nature of the deposit can only be conjectured, and it would be unsafe to hazard an opinion on their future possibilities. The main belt of leads previously referred !o cross Galena Creek nearly at right angles, in a general east and west direction, and the earlier discoveries have in the main been made along its bed, where the veins were ex posediby the action of .tr :in t cutt.ig a cross section of the strata. The leads are of unknown length and from three to ten feet wide, and probably continue to the limits of the formation, with a slight dip toward the northwest. The characteristic of the ores is argentiferous galena, with, in a few cases, a trace of copper. Their value will average throughout about 76 per cent. of lead, and 40 to 150 ounces of silver, with some cases of exceptionally high percentages of silver. This district is especially favored in having close at hand inexhaustible quantities of the various bases and minerals neccessary in the reduction of the ores, besides wood for the manufacture of charcoal. Two towns have sprung up with the magic swiftness only displayed in mining districts. Hughes City, situated below the Wright & Ed wards, at present contains thirty buildings, with many more in progress; and Galena City, on Galena creek, has forty buildings, and others are being built as fast as possible. Lots in both places are selling from $25 to $l125, according to location, and there is a buoyant feeling on all sides which we think is fully justified by the magnificent pros pects of the future of the mines. The enter prising owners of the Wright & Edwards, with some assistance from others interested, have constructed an excellent road from the prairie to their mines, passing through both camps, and costing over $5,000. The lodes upon which the work of devel opment is being rapidly pushed, are the Bark er & Grey Eagle, Wright & Edwards, Equa tor & Saco, Conway & Lynch, Vanderburg, Oxide & Boss, Emma & Donnelly and Ben ton. The BARKER AND GREY EAGLE .is opened on the Grey Eagle side by'a tun nel now in over fifty feet, running along the vein, showing a continuous -ore body' from two to five feet wide. It was discovered from the bottom of `.Eagle creek, and the tunnel is run from the; discovery. A jshaft on the Barker side is down fifteen feet and is following on •the lead. The vein is five feet wide so far as run, and the ore&is in- creasing in richness. with every foot. A`, new tunnel will be opened ;on: the Barker fifty feet below the :shaft, and it is expected to tap the lead in about fifty feet at a point .about the same distance from the shaft. Eight men are now working on this lead nd the force will not probably be increased until spring, when it is expected to push the work to the utmost of their ability. The, - WRIT IAND DWARPS t h u f c r e n a e a a d e r v t which concentrate into true vein matter in five or six feet. The owners of this proper ty are working a force of ten men, and their prospects are among the :solid indications of the district. They have . shipped 25 tons of their ore by the steamer Rosebud to the East for a test of value. They are just opening a tunnel which is expected to strike the ledge 140 feet dow-i, and cone, nplate another in the spring to tap the ve_ 500 feet down, which latter, if successful,-will definitely set tle the nature of the entire. formation. The SAO) AND EQUATOR lies directly between the Grey Eagle and Wright & Edwards. ft is a well-defined vein, with the same 'indications as the latter. The shaft is down .85 feet, showing with every foot of advance increasing rich ness and body. The - CONWAY AND LYNCH has developed some of the finest ore in the district, and the shaft is down about fifteen feet. A shipment of their ores has been made in order to test them-: on a practicable working scale. The ore ,is.argentiferous ga lena. The EMMA AND DONNELLY is situated about 1,200 feet north of the Bar ker & Grey Eagle. The shaft is down about 15 feet, showing a large bidy of quartz and galena, with favorable indications for fu ture durability. The OXIDE AND BOSS is a new discovery, and shows a four-foot vein of solid galena in the Boss, and an im mense body of decomposed copper-stained ore in the Oxide. THE BENTON is situated on Gold Run Creek, about a mile and a half from Galena efeek, in a south east direction from the Barter lode. A tunnel is in fifty feet, tapping the n, and showing a splendid body of ore, wit <wire silver scat tered throughout its mass. There are some other dis6everies on Galeio. Creek which give favorable prospects, but there has not yet been sufficient development to define just what are their extent or value. One hundred men are now engaged in the work of prospecting arni development in this district, and the sp ig will witness a degree of activity whic1 :few, new camps have displayed. [Reported Specially to th1 River r:css.] TELEGR A.PH IC Apparent Republican Gains in New York City. Weaver Cl0aims Poul Play in the Publica tion of His Letters, FRAUD! -FRAUD ! FRAUD ! Speculations on New York. NEW YORK, October 25.-The Times says: The registration in New York city this year is 216,929, against 167,857 last year. Analy sis of the table shows that the rate of increase has been much greater in the Republican than in the Democratic districts. In the 7th, 11th and 13th Assembly districts all are Re publican. Nrw YORK, October 26--The completed registration in this city shows an apparent net Republican gain of five and one-third per cent. compared with that a year ago.: Ex perts carefulhy estimate the aggregate vote will be 200,000, unless Democratic indiffer ence increases. This, on a basis of the per centage obtained by Tilden four years ago, and allowing for the net Republican gain as above, would give Hancock less than 50,000 majority as against 80,000 to 100,000 major ity for Garfield confidently expected elsewhere in the State. A moderate estimate of the defection among the Democratic business men and manufacturers reduces the probable city majority to 45,000. The Express says: The Democrats claim only 41,000 in 541,000 in Kings county. Registration indicates a: ten per cent. net Republican gain, which would leave about 10,000 majority for Han cock. Adding Queens, Sufolk and Rich mond counties, 63,000 Democratic majority 'below the Harlem river is the utmost that judicious Democrats claim ass probable ;or possible. The Republicans icame down to the Harlem river last year with a larger ma jority than that. In the foregoing calcula tions no allowance is made for the undoubted falling off in the Democratic vote this year by indifference, desertion to the Republican ranks and the return of business Republicans; who voted for Tilden four years ago. Two hundred and fifty thousand gain from these` causes is a very moderate estimate. Pacifiec Coat States. cI o, .October 2 .-The XHon. Richard Thompson, Secretary 4f the Navy, left this has ately viosit ypre har anpp tun ni . i:nd .sregfn;:3adro o wi i ev r typethee º uor oub ofth reult. have not had the same opportunity for obser vation in Nevada, but believe that the State will go as the others on the Pacific coast." "What effect do you suppose the so-called 'Morey letter' will have in the Pacific States?" "I don't believe it will have any.. The let ter is a forgei and when that fact becomes known the effect will be rather favorable. In California the Chinese question is unques tionably a very serious one. It is the great est problem they have to deal with there, and we do not fully appreciate it here. It is ev erything to them there, but this letter carries forgery upon its face. It would be of no consequence if genuine except to the Pacific States, but it will be of none there. More Fraudulent Letters. DES MOINES, October 25.-The fraudulent and forged letter business has broken out in a new spot and on a new person. This time the Presidential candidate, Weaver, and his fast political friend Gillette of Iowa, come forward and declare that the letter from Weaver to Gillette, published in the New York Star, was neither written nor sent, that its allegations are absurdities and that the let ter itself is a forgery. The letter declares that Weaver. is against Fasion everywhere, because it would be injurious to the Republi can party in whose interest he is laboring. Weaver makes his denial before a notary, and in the strongest terms. The Morey Letter. NEW YoRK, October 26.-The Democratic Committee sent to California on Friday last electrotypes of the forged Garfield-Morey letter, with a view of flooding the States with copies. The Republican Committee to-day sent out many thousand facsimile copies of Garfield's autograph letter exposing the forg ery. No one can compare the respective handwritings without being convinced that they are the work of different hands. "4 -44C(@> 1 <iilim --------- Registration Frauds. CmcAoo, October 25.-Astounding regis tration frauds have been discovered here to day. Investigations set on foot by the Re iublicans as a test of the fair dealing of the Democrats, reveal the startling fact that in one precinct alone 44 fraudulent names have been registered, names of supposed persons and names of men who don't live in the places given in the poll book. Places are also given where there are but vacant lots. .Registration i.spers at the rate of 50 eer day are being ground out byj th. 'D)emocratic Committee. Some men registered there have barely touched American soil. If the pro portion of fraudulent registration should hold out in the remaining precincts, there would be over 5,000 Democratic votes gained. The Republicans will now make a thorough ex amination of the list and-precincts. Frauds Charged. CINCINNATI, October 26.-The Democratic Committee of this city, having recently is sued an address charging extensive frauds in this city in the October election, a number of signers of the address were called before the Grand Jury to-day to give evidence. Not having the facts fully ready, the examination was postponed. The Warren Court of Inquiry. NEw YORK, October 23.-Gen Grant ap peared before the Warren court of inquiry to-day as a witness, but his recollection of most of the events was not clear as to the details of Five Forks. He was asked as to his order authorizing Gen. Sheridan to re leive Gen. Warren, but Stickney, Warren's atterney, opposed the personal opinion of the first soldier of the country being used against his client. Gen. Grant'made a statement of his motive /in calling in the 5tth army corps, to hide Gen. Warren's defects.: There was a tilt between the counsel, and dispatches were produced. Gen Grant could not say whether Gen Warren suggested an attack on the enemy's rear. He found that when offi cers: 'undetook to think for themselves instead of obeying orders it generally led to defeat. He did not like it, and it had led to the removal of one of the officers (referring to Warreni). Stickney isissted on this being stridCKen out. This part of the testimony was7 atrcken iout, together with some· :ther ans.ers derogatory to Gen. Warren. TOT eS OFt W The insurance underwriter. convention on the 1St. inst. adopted a reslution declaring that the insurance companies and polic holders' interest were identical, and all legis-. lation hostile to the former is equally bostile to the latter. They deprecated all such legis lation as Uadvised anduncalled for. Five new Steamers, having a capacity of 3O0tons each, have been .put on the Pacifico -coast by the diretrs of the: Seattle and Walla Walla road, and will be used- in the transport of-coalfromn PugetV ound to Sn Francispo. The amountpaidfer conveying the-T ,8. 41nis by seasduriu the ,fis year.nding T u e 0 h l s v s ; 8Te A s e s t h e : ' u R g n Mic g n s otaly ý: laelo tp-.20t ber of passengers. The cause was a thoroughly rotten vessel, which should have been destroyed long ago. "Afire in Mont Vernon destroyed -property to tle amount of $150,000 of which $75,000 is insured. The British steamer,. Hilton Castle, struck; on a reef. about eight miles out of Victoria, and it is not probable she will be saved. On the night of Oct. 20th, at San Francisco occurred a murder under circumstanees most remarkable. Deceased had been living with her brother-in-law, and the latter had sub jected her to his desires, his wife being cog nizant of the fact but concealing the .affair to avoid scandal. Latterly a"man by the name of George W. Peckham, who became ac quainted with the family some time ago at Cisco, Placer county, sought to marry Della. This created jealousy on the part of Wheeler who, while Della was sitting on his lap, choked her to death. The Grand L' dge of Masons, in session at 8 Lou was startled by the report of the conmmittee appointed to examine the books of A. G. Holges, Grand Treasurer, showing that Hodges is a defaulter to the amount of $7,000. The accused is 64 years of age and is one of the best known Masons in the State and has held office many years. Miss Pinneo won the twenty-mile race at the Jockey Club Park last Thursday, after an exciting and well contested trial, beating Miss Jewett by a nose. Time 58 min., 12 sec., which was a good record considering the conditions. Fanny Louise Buckingham has challenged both ladies to ride a race against her and they have accepted, for $1,000 each side. The mile heat race for all ages was won in Baltimore Oct. 20th, by Eld win A. taking the 2nd and 3d heats. Rosedale won the 1st heat. Boardman was 3rd in the first heat and distanced in the second. Time, 1:46, 1:46, 1:53. The handicap steeple chase, about 2 miles, was won by Bertha, Lizzie D. 2d, Disturbance 33. Time 5.39. The values of exports of domestic provi sions and tallow cr'h ! Jne, months ending Septe ,¶ ;.i''a :. 51.0Q3,72?,,539. Five womn -e e i:rned 'o :o th at Cin;h cinnati on tjt mthe I:urning of a. shoddy fory., . The ci.i figures give the total vote on Goveir 1 Porter at 230,261 ; Landers, 222, 740; ,Gregg, 14,863. ,1orter's plurality, 7;551. The Chicago limes is after Barnum for gross mismanagement of the Democratic campaign. Dispatches dated on the 23d inst., from va rious parts of the province of Ontario, report very rough weather with sno , doing gr t damage to fruit and oth.tree WASIlNGTON, Octobei 23.--Alpon ;the te : ceipt to-day from the Whr Deprttm4~ t o. copy of Major Fletcher's d5 atcl 'of 20th, relatives tO Berryt a.st', the actic. Secretary of the Interior, Beg; telegraphedj the Oovernor of ColorE o as 'Aollos: This department- is to day advisa 'through the war department that Berry had' been arrested4 by the U. S. Marshal aid had leftf the. Agency in chirge of that officer Ithethe " State polte ps, been or4ered to .go to the agency to nike the arrest, plIase recall the sameahd tius avoid any possibilty of a conflict Wibh the' Idaians. i " DENviwR, Otber 23.--The Reh1t n's:l Gunnison .I.City. special says:: A. cc ier. from CebolbHa, flteen miles below liere% re ports a large numiber of Indians in that gec tion running off:horses. It is alir~ipdrted that 58 horses belonging to Mr. Harltman, the Gunnison p6stmaster, has been run off. A private leter frm ~psatmaster Hotchkins of Powderhorn states that an Indian out break is inevitable.:: The authorities have asked Governor.tkio tio sd 1150 st::a~tind of arms and 10,000 rod8ndsif amunition at once. Reliable 'reportsar tithe ·effect that "BlerT' is in Denver, and SheriffYule sent ais depPf: after him. The :articles of convention which Siza Pisha has instructed Mr.. Pask, Commioner at Vjeka, to purpose in':regwd to thfe srren der of Dulcigno, are as follows: Montenegro to assume that portioaof 7the Turish debt' corresponding to. :the c:eded territory; ti' maiitenaniceof the 'Trkirsh laws; for ,the. maintenance of the Turkish flag on board. of trading vessels bejongin'g to D-lcig n trigue sGe-. Meikowllt t Irelan, i othe ;i $uly 40,00 ing. fle coneth d 4h) ,dispat