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The river press. [volume] (Fort Benton, Mont.) 1880-current, November 10, 1880, Image 1

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THE RI VER PRE.
Vol. I,. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, November 10, 1880. No. 3,
WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STE VENS,
PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS.
Terms ..........................$5.00 per Year.
RATES OF ADVERTISLNG:
One Column, 1 year...............................$175
6 months......................... 100
,' 3 '" ........... ........ 75
Half Column, I year..................... ... 100
6 months ....................... 75
3 " ................... ....... 40
One-Third Column, 1 year ....................... 80
6 months .................. 45
3 months .................... 30
Quarter Column, 1 year ......................... 75
6 months ... ................... 40
3 months ....................... 30
Three inches, 1 year .......................... 50
" 6 months ........................ 30
S 3 months........................... 25
Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year........................ 15
Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office.
CONTENTS:
FST PAG E-Telegraphic-Election News-Notes of
News-The Old World.
SEcoND PAGE-The American Newspaper-A Story of
our Next President-The Czar's Bride-Fashion,
Flippery and Folly.
Tuinm PAGE-Let us Have Peace-Floating Fancies.
FOUBTH P'AGE-Editorial Notes-After the Struggle
Desert Lands-Important to Miners-Martin Mining
Di: trict-Taiiings-A Card-Change of Bishops.
FITIIT PAGE--Lamentations-The Artful Dodger
Montana Mites- Bismarck Items
SIXTIr PAGE--Poetry-Quien Sabe-A Pretty Story of
the Queen of italy-The Color and Makings of
Horses-Only a Cape and a Sword.
SEVENTH PAGE-A Frontier Sketch-To Land Grab
bers-Per-onal and Impersonal.
FIGETH PAGE-Church Services-In Town and Out
A Rich Strike--urely Personal-Board of Trade
Meeting-Our Card Basket-Benton School.
OFFII;IAL DIREDTUORY OF NION.TANA,
. DELEGATE IN CONGRESS.
Hon. MARTIN MAGINNIS, Helena.
Office. Name. Residence.
Governor .......... BENJ. F. POTTS,..........Helena.
Secretary ..........JAS. H. MILLS......Deer Lodge.
Chief Justice.. ..D. S. WADE......... ... elena.
Associate Justices JE. J. CONGER, .....Virgima City
SW. J. GALBRAITH, Deer Lodge
U. S. District Attorney, J. L. DRYDEN....... Helena
U. S. Marshal, ALEX. C. BOTKIN............ "
Surveyor General..R. H. MASON............Helena.
Register Land Office, JAS. H. MOE...........
Receiver Land Office, F. P. STERLING...... "
Collector Intlrnal Revenue, T. P. FULLER... "
Collector Customs, T. A. CUMMINGS........Benton.
DrSTRICT ATTORNEYS AND CLERSE.
First District, R. P. VIVION..... ..........Bozeman
Second District, ALEX. H. MA YHEW.... Deer Lodge.
Third District, J. A. JOHNSTON ............Helena.
Clerk 1st Dist. Court, THEO. MUFH'LY.Virginia City.
Clerk 2d dist. co'rt, GEO. W. IRVINE, 2d, Deer Lodge
Clerk 3d Dist. Court, ALEX. H. BEATTIE.... Helena.
UNITED STATES ASSAY OFFICE.
A ssayer, RUSSEL B. HARRISON ............. elena
Melter, M. A. MEYENDORFF .............. Helena.
TERRITORIAL OFFICERS.
Auditor, JOSEPH P. WOOLMAN ............Helena.
Treasurer. D. H. WESTON................. Helena.
Warden of Penitentiary, W. W. BOTKIN, Deer Lodge
Sup't Public Schools, W. EGBERT SMITH....Butte.
Supreme Court Reporter, C. HEDGES... ....Helena.
Clerk Supreme Court, ISAAC R. ALDEN......Helena.
UNITED STATES EXAMINING SURGEON.
W. R. BULLARDP...... .... .......... Felena
BOZEMAN LAND DISTRICT.
Rcrister, DAVIS WILLSON ................. Bozeman.
Receiver, J. V. BOGEfRT ................ ..Bozeman.
---------- ý . -- ® ºº-06*---------
TERRITORIIAL COURTS.
Territory of Montana, SS.-The undersigned. Jus.
ices of the Supreme Court of Montana Territory,
being assemble at the seat of gover.nment for said
Territr , hereby make the following order in rela
tion to the times and places for holding the District
Courts of sid Territory, and order the same of record:
FIRST DISTRICT-E. J. CONOGER, Judge.
At VIREINIA CITY, in Madison county, the second
Monday of November, and the third Monday of March
At RADESBURe, in Jefferson county, first Monday
of September, and the third Tuesday of February.
At BOZEMAN, in Gallatin county, Ihe third Monday
of October, and the third Monday of April.
At MILES CeITY, in Custer county, the fourth Mon
day of September, and the fourth Monday of May.
SECOND DISTRICT-W. J. GALBRAITH, Judge.
In Deer Lodge county, at DEER LODGE CITY, second
Monday in April; first Monday in September; first
Monday in December.
In Missoula county, at MISSOULA, fourth Monday in
June; second Monday in November.
In Beaverhead county, at BANNACK, first Monday inl
June; second Monday in October.
THIRD DISTRICT- D. S. WADE, Judge.
At HELENA, in Lewis and Clarke County, first Mon
day in March, and the fifth Monday in November.
At DIAMOND CITY, in Meagher county, the third
Monday in April, and the third Monday in October.
At FORT BENTON, in Chotean county, the first Mon
day in May, and the third Monday in September.
DECIUS S. WADE, Chief Justice.
E. J. COiNGER, Associate Justice.
Attest:-L H. AloN, Clerk.
FRED. H, ANDERSON,
NEWS AGENT,
POST OFFICE BUILDIXG,
HELENA, - MONTANA.
Dealer in Books, Stationery. Fancy Goods and Notions,
Tobacco, Imported Cigars and Pipes.
Subscriptions taken for all leading Periodicals
and Newspapers
AT PUBLISHERIS' RATES.
J. A. KANOUSE,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA.
NOTARY PUBLIC and JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
Main St., bet. Baker and St. John.
JOHN W. TATTAN,
ATTORNEY and COJNSELOR AT LAWV'
Cor. Main and Arnouz Streets,
FoRT BENTON, - -- MONTANA.
BEWARE I
To Ali Whltom .; Mhy coneera;
I wvish to warn all parties that any Note with my
signature, in favor of G. W. Hunter, bearing date
of June-, 1880, as been paid according to its terms,
and is refore vold.J.
[Reported Specially to the River Press.]
TELEGRAPHIC.
A Row in the Democratic Camp in New
York--Kelly and Tilden by
the Ears.
Bacretary Sherman Will be a Candidate for
the United States' Senate.
The Democrats Raise the Issue of Fraud
in New York and Brooklyn.
Speculations on the Complexion of the Next
Congress.
California Doubtful.
BHELENA, Nov. 11.
California can only be decided by the of
ficial vote.
Nevada gave 300 majority for General
Hancock.
Latest From MIeagher County.
DIAMOND, CITY, NOV. 9.
Major Maginnis majority in the county is
200.
The majority in favor of White Sulphnr
Springs is 240.
Rader and Ro|,will are elected. Whaley
is probably elected by a few votes.
Fraud.
NEW YORK, Nov. 8.-The following cir
cular let'er signed by Wm. A. Fowler,
Chairman of the executive committee of the
Democratic State Committee, was issued to
day. "Reports of fraud in the elections held
in this city and Brooklyn on the second of
of Nov. are such that if the frauds reported
are established, the electoral vote of this
State will be cast for Hancock and English,
and steps for .a thorough investigation are
now being considered. In the meantime we
hand herewith a blank form of protest which
you will please execute, varied in substance
according to circumstances, and hand in to
the county convassers as early this week as
possible, and not later than Thursday, the
4th." The form of the protest is as follows:
"The undersigned hereby protest against
the allowance of the vote cast for Presiden
tial Electors on Nov. 2, 1880, in name of
place as canvassed and returned by the board
of county for the reason that it did not state
the facts in detail. We would respectfully
request that this protest may be attached to
the return of such vote, that we may not be
considered to have, by si'ence, acquiesced in
these acts.
Speculations,
WARHINGTON, November 8. - Personal
friends of Gen. Garfield say he will not take
his seat in the. Houae of Representatives,
but will in a few days resign both it and his
prospective membership in the Senate. EHis
successor in the House, who will, of course,
be a Republican, may be elected upon ten
days' notice. It is believed Seccetary Sher
man, although he could doubtless be at the
head of the Treasury department under Pre,
ident Garfield if he wished, will re-enter the
Senate as Thurman's successor, in place of
Garfield, and that Governor Foster, of Ohio,
will be given a Cabinet position, probably the
Secretaryship of the Interior. The friends
of Attorney General Devens predict that he
will be nominated to a position on the Su
pr.eme Bench during the coming session of
Congress, to succeed either JusticeClifford or
Justice Hunton, one of whom it is said will
probably retire before President Hayes goes
out of office:
Three States.
HELENAT, Nov. 9.-The total vote of Con
necticut for President, as shown by complete
returns from official sources, was 485,592;
Garfield's plurality .1,570. The total vote for
Governor was 1S32,285. Bigelow's (rep)
plury 2,331; majority, 1,102.
T Texas Democratic State and National
ticke carried by '70,000 majority. Shep
ard, (dem.) for Congress, is elected, giving
Texasa solid Democratic Representation in
Congress.
Returs from fifty counties complete show
a Republican majority of 19,412; Democra
tic ajorities, 15,199; Republicein gains,
2.292i; Democratic gains, 1, 971; net Repub
lican gain, 312.
Sherman a candidate for Se.ator.
NEW~YORK, November 8.-The Cleveland
Leader publishes a letter ;fromu Secretary
Sherman to Hon John Daizell, in which the
Secretary announces himself a c4ndidate for
senator from Ohi9, ibject to theie.khof the
Legislature. He eonacludes: "I do no't
know w~hat is the desire f General Gorfield,
but I canseethat my election might relieve
him frmi jembarrassment aind leave ~im to
do as he tought best in the formntlon of his
cabinet." '_____
charges the BSuu and otherlporters 9fil
th nt c i e l
trustd frendsAspr. cotialfli
side was very heavy is pointed out to sustain
the charges. Kings county, for example,
where Tilden's friend, Bossa McLaughlin,}
rules, shows a greater Democratic loss than
any other county except New York.
------~·D--r-L---=,-4.
CHOTEAU COUNTY.
Choteau county election returns published
below are still incomplete. Thie returns of
Carroll precinct have not been: received. In
our next issue we will be able, to give the
official returns of the county. -
QO.d Agency.
DELEGATE TO CONGRESS.
Martin Maginnis.................... ............34
W . F. Sanders...... ............................15
DISTRICT ATTORNEY.: .
T. J. Lowry ................. ........ ......... 39
W. H. DeWitt............ -.. ............12
JOINT COUNCILMEN.'
R. S. Ford ...................... . .........35
W. B. Hundley........................... ...........36
Jos. K. Toole ............... ..... .........38
J. C. Kerley ..... ........................33
0. H. Churchill ............................ ..... 22
A. J. Smith ............... ............. ....22
Cornelius Hedges ... ...................... ... - 9
John Kina ... .......................... .. 7
JOINT REPRESENTATIVES.
H. A. Kennerly.................... ...........38
J. J. Donnelly .............. ..............42
Robert Vaughn ......... ... ;....... ..13
Geo. Clendennin, Sr.................. . ...........10
COUNTY COMMISSIONER..
A. B. Hamilton ............... .. .. . ...........35
J. D. Weatherwax ................ .. ..........14
PROBATE JUDGE AND RECORDER.
John W. Tattan................. ..........46
TREASURER AND SUPT. OF SCHOOLS.
John Hunsberger ................... ........50
SHERIFF AND ASSESSOR.
J. J. Healy....................... .........2
Wm. Rowe ................ ........... ............18
CORONER.
Kelly ........................... ... ........ 0
Bourassa ..................... ..................20
Ciagett.
DELEGATE.
Maginnis .......... . ...... .....13
Sanders........... ......................... 2
DISTRICT ATTORNEY.
Lowry ................ ..........................13
DeWitt........................... ............... 2
COUNCILMEN.
Ford...................... . .............:...... 2
Toole.................. ....................--
Huadley ................ ............. ........... -
Kerley ..................... ...... ........... -
Churchill ............... .................. .. 2
Smith .................. .........................14
Hedges............. ...................... -.. -.....
Kinna........... ...................... ..... -
REPRESENTATIVES.
Ken erl.... .. .. ...........................13
Donnelly .................... ................... 3.
Vaughn .................................... 2
Clendennin .................... .......13
COMMISSIONER.
Weatherwax ................. .............. ..... 8
Hamilton .................. ..... . . . . ............ 8
PROB ATE JUDGE.
Tattan ................... .......... ..............15
TREASURER.
Hunsberger ...........................................16
SHERIFE.
Healy .................. ........ ............22
Rowe .... ............................... 3
Unofficial return ; incomplete on Councilmen and
Coroner.
Depuyper.
DELEGATE.
Maginnis................. ........................... 6
Sanders ... ...... .......... .............11
DISTRICT ATTORNEY.
Lowry .................. ...................6
DeWitt.......... . ...................... 11
COUNC ILMEN.
Ford...................... ....................... 6
Hundley ... .................................6
Toole....... ......... ......................6
Kerley ............................... 6
Churchill .....................- - .. ... ..-... ..... .11
Smith.... ...................... .................. 11
Hedges.................. . .. . .. . . . . . ..11
Kinna................ ........................11
REPRESENTATIVES.
Kennerly...................... .. ............ 6
Donnelly........................................... 6
Vaughua.........................................11
Clendennin .................. ..................11
PROBATE JUDGE.
Tattan .................... ....... ................17
TREASURER.
Hunsberger ....................................... 17
BHERIFF.
].ealy ..................... ..**** ***...... ............. -
R owe ............................................. 16.
COMMISSIONERS.
Hamilton.............. ......... . .... 2
Weatherwax....................................15
CORONEXR.
Kelly......................... ........... ...
Bourassa ............. ....................... ......11
8bounkin.
M aginnis .............. .... ...-- -....- *--- -. • .
Sanders ... .............. ..................... . -
DTSTRIOT ATTORNEY.
Lowry .......•........ ......................27
DeWitt........................... •.......-......7
COUNCILMEN.
Ford.................. .................... 25
Hundley ......... ...........................26
Toole ........................................... .... . . .26
Kerley ...... . .........,.- * .....................26
Churchill ................. - •. .-.*.. ·.. . .... 9
Smith .........................................
Hedges......................... - ...... . ..... . 8
Kinna, ............... ..--.-..--*...-......---...
BRoPRESENTATIVES.
Kennerly.........................................24
Donnelly ............ :........**** **** ....* • .**4
Vaughn. ............. . - ...... .*................10
Clendennin ............... -......... ...........
cOM:MssI.NER.
Hamilton............ .........................17
" eatherwax................ ......... ..........17
PRORATE JUDGE.
Tattan..,. .,....... -. ... ..........."* ..... "......
Hunabgeger. ........... : -...*:.. ... .. ...34
Healy ..2..0.........i ** * *
Rowe.....................................·14
Kelly............... .. ......-.....-..* ********
Bourassa....... .. ........*........**.*....*....* 8
Pach r opoinit;. p l e
declares there should be 12,000,000 Roman
Catholic in the United States~ whereas there
are but 7,000,000. The loss of 5,000,000 he
charges to our public school system.
General W. S. Harney, United States Ar
my, on the retired list, one of the oldest army
officers in the United States, is stopping in
New York City. The General fought the
Indians in Florida over fifty years ago and
was a bosom companion and life-long friend
of Winfield Scott. The old gentleman, now
over eighty-two years of age, is hale and
hearty still and stands erect as an arrow, six
feet three inches in height.
The earnings of \the Northern Pacific
railroad for the year ending June 30, 1880,
were $769,088 60 in excess of operating
expenses, rentals and taxes. The interest on
the entire bonded debt is $411,240. The
company has, by recent sale of the balance
of its Pend d'Oreille division bonds, procur
ed funds to complete with steel rails the
road now under construction.
Foreign.
The Governor of Australia receives the
same salary as the President of the United
Seates.
Mr. Parnell and his Land League have.
found an ally in Mr. John Ruskin. "Ireland
for the Irish and no man to possess more
land than he can actually use," is his cry.
It is unkind in the liberal Pall Mall Gazette
to suggest that this language is "distinctly
seditious," and that the English Government
should proceed against him as it has done
against the Land League agitators.
Durning the approaching visit of Count
William Bismarck in Hungary he will be the
guest of Count Andrassy, and it is given out
on doubtful authority that the son of the
German Chancellor will soon be found en
gaged to marry the Countess Irma Andrassy,
daughter of the Ex-Austrian Premier..
Michael Munkaqsy, together with Makart,
the greatest of Austrian painters, is at Paris,
where he occupies a studio-in the rear of the
avenue Montaigne, engaged upon a huge can
vas representing Christ before Pilate. It
will not be completed for months to come.
Munkacsy intends to make the great event
of the year in art.
The Cz .'s marriage to the Princess Dolgo
rouki is pronounced a myth in London Rus
sian circles. 'Ihough the officials at the
Russian Embassy solemnly deny that the
Czar is in an alarming state of health it is
generally believed that his physical and men
tal prostration is so great that his death is
likely to occur at any moment.
It is worthy of notice that the Schleswig
Holstein proprietors of oyster beds are lay
ing down American oysters in immense num
bers upon the coast of that country. A
recent number of the London Telegraph says
that a few days ago 1,250,000 small and 6(0,
000 large oysters fished in Newark, Chesa
peake and Prince's Bays, were put down in
the above mentioned waters; and a company
has been formed with the object of laying
down from 14,000,000 to 15,000,000 more of
the American oysters upon the Schleswig and
Holstein shores. The oysters just trans
ferred to their new domicile will be taken up
again in the Autumn of 1881, by which time
their condition will demonstrate whether or
not they are likely to thrive and multiply in
German waters.
-~-- 444-s~~~1B~ ,cs---
THE OLD WORLD.
A BSrdget of Newa.aad Gossip Froiu
Across tIke Water.
The death struggle between the landlords
and Land League in Ireland has reached the
crisis point for the present. Spme of the
leaders of the Land League are to be prose
gted, it does not yet clearly appear for
what t is hard to draw a limit to speech
under a free Government, and the loopholes
of the law are rather in favor of the people
than of the Crown. It is well to keep one's
mind clear:on the main points of this agita
tion, for it is an agitation wider in its scope
and bearing than the island to which it is at
present confined. It is a strike on the part
of the tillers and renters of the soil against
the principle that the life-giving earth is the
absolute property of the individual who hap
pens to hold a portion of it by right of birth
or purchase, a thing so sacred in itself that
eventhe people's Government may not step
into modify by so much as a:hair the relatioi
between the holder and his tenant+. The
latindlord's idea is that he is as absolute in his
Iposession and power as tihe old Roman noble
was over his slavea. They gwere his chattles,
tools, property, to be dealt with or done
dwith as he sp. This she meaning of
LpdPierston's famous declaration, which
has been chrystaized into a principle on one
which it is beig~ fought out. ?or the rest,
earicra Vit vieaw o coUvie certain
rspekre:wouk1 ebtt p ndi h
ple. Noise is not resolution any more than
chicanery is government.
BISMARCK 8 BUDGET.
The Prussian Landtag was opened on Oct.
27th and Count Stolberg Wernigerode, who
read the Emperor's speech, had good news
for the deputies. There is to be a reduction
Df taxation, which is surely needed, and
which will do much to allay popular discon
tent. In Prussia, as in this country, people
are averse to a change in the Government
while affairs look prosperous, and show an
upward rather than a downward tendency.
The estimates for 1881 promise a surplus
which will admit of 14,000,000 marks' re
duction in Prussian taxation. As Prince
Bismarck has recently assumed the generous
office of Minister of Finance, he will get all
the credit of this reduction, which will
strengthen his hands considerably. The an
nouncement that the Landtag will be called
upon to co-operate in carrying out economic
reforms for the whole empire will be wel
come. In fact, the Prince is cxhibiting a fit
of retrenchment and reform just now. He
still has his eye on the amelioration of the
working classes. He has sent a commission
into Alsace to study the condition of the
workingmen there. In fact, everything
looks well for Germany, for has not Dr.
Kapp, who is quite an eminent authurity,
demonstrated to the Economic Congress no w
in session at Berlin that the present produc
tion of grain in the United States is due to an
excessive drain on the fertility of virgin soil
which must be followed by exhaustion, so in
course of time our soil will become as unpro
ductive as that of Europe. And thus reduce
things to a happy level of sterility? And
what is there that a German professor, when
he sets himself to the task, cannot demon
strate beyond possibility of question?
THE PARIS WORLD
There is a playful ripple of excitement in
the world of Paris over the troubles of a
gallant General, who was also a gallant, and
lured to his ruin by the fascinations of a gay
enslaver. It serves to divert the public mind
momentarily from the religious troubles.
It is pleasant to find one of the generals of
France compelled to resign his position be
cause of- a scandal that verged on treason to
the state. It is pleasant, also, to find him
refused the full trial and investigation which
he demanded. That seems hard, and robs
Paris of a few dainty p4rticulars which it
longs to have. Consequently there is a pub
lic outcry at the action of General Farre,
the Minister of War, who will probably haye
to reverse his decision, and let the whole aEf
fair come out. As matters stand at present
it seems that General de Cissey was caught
tn the toils of a ferna.e spy, who was in the
pay of Prussia, and who added a piquancy
to her movemeols by happening ;to be the
wife of another man. If history were only
told truly it would be found that petticoats
occupy a very large space in grave affairs
of state.
THE OZAR.
Here is the Czar of all the Russias morally
and politically smothered by the same kind
of garments. With his asthma and his mar
ried mistress he has become an object of
contemptuous pity to all men. Yet no man
was born to nobler chances of leaving to the
world the memory of a great career. All sorts
of rumors are afloat concerning the imperial
exile in Lividia. One is to the effect that
the Nihilists have supoeded in poisoning
him. He is past .V e zg. What use is
there in poisoning a .i all intents and
purposes dead? T sion of the Cztre
witch to power intli a new agent into
European politics. ' is known to have a
strong antipathy to Germany, and it is only
natural to receive news of renewed efforia to
strengthen the Austro-German alliance.
PERSONALS.
The rumor that came early in the week of
the assassination of the Ameer and anarchy
in Cabul has not been confirmed. Prince
Gortschakoff has so completely dropped out
of the current of affairs that one is almost
startled to discover that be is still living, and
intends passing the winter at Nice. Gam
betta is back at the helm again, and al
ready the days of: the Ferry Cabinet are
numbered. He has weighed them in the ba
lance and found them wanting. Consequentlv
they are dismissed. Mear while the game of
hide and seek goes merrily betweenthe
Governmenet dthe relrious orders rThe
aitter lock themselves within :their houses,
nd the oflfc:iul have to a.dpt all sorts of
ruses to get at them without violence.::
On the other hand, the GoVmmernm t: has to i
throttle the more violent of thei Radicalls. But
the prerer from below is becoming more
and more powerfui, and Grambett&aa onily
heoserethe presidency the reipubc
by takiing -t. Radicals; after which the
very ; ·

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