Newspaper Page Text
THE AMERICAN NEWSPAPERI
A Lecture on its Use and Misuse-Its Ex istence as an Educating Factor Defined, The American newspaper is the best in dex of American life and the fairest represen tative of the people. Whoever would form a correct estimate of the spirit, genuis and life of Americans must study the newspapers. Our virtues, our vices, our thoughts and opinions, our politics, our trade, our push and pride, our weakness, strength, creeds, customs and civilization, all are imagined in our periodical publications. The American newspaper has no rival on earth in the volume and variety of its issues. More than 10,000 papers appear each week from our newspaper press. More than 1,000,000,000 copies are circulated annually. They cover the whole field of human thought and interests. Every department of business, manufacture and trade has its advertiser. Schools, scientific, moral, educational, religious, political and charitable societies and organizations publish newspapers devoted to their interests and filled with their ideas. But stating the num ber of newspapers does not tell the whole story. One must note well THE GREAT ARMY OF WRITERS who help to fill their columns, the editors, assistants, reporters, correspondents, critics and contributors of all kinds, which, paid and unpaid, include a large portion of the talent of the country. The best brain of the nation speaks through the newspapers. The latest and freshest thought of the people is to be sought in the last paper issued. Malice, meanness, fanaticism, folly, falsehoods and frauds, which mix with our daily life, can not be shut out from the paper. But truth, wisdom, practical sense and love of the pub lic good, solid learning and courageous criti cism are also in force in the newspapers, so that we may easily forget the bad elements which mingle with them. It is the business of social science to take account of all great public forces, to mark their exact character and tendencies, and to learn their amount and direction of power for good or evil. The newspaper is at once the product and expon ent of the American mind-no better, no worse. The good probably exceeds the bad in newspapers in a larger proportion than among the people; for vice seeks seclusion, not publicity. In no other country does the newspaper exercise such power as in Ameri ca. Americans live, work and think through the newspapers. Acting as A PUBLIC CONSCIENCE, it places its seal of shame or honor on each chapter of our history as it transpires. No American forgets it. It watches to reward the gopd and punish the bad. Good men trust it and bad men fear it. The power of the newsp.aper is not the mere force of printed thought. It is the embodied power of the public life of the day. Each reader feels that he is surrounded by an unseen multitude who are reading the same lines, andl he grows ex cited with imagined responses. All forces of current history prove themselves through the press. Force never remains idle. It is impossible that so gigantic a force as the American newspaper should exist without ex erting a corresponding influence upon the characters, affairs and destinies of the entire people. All things educate us. Country, climate, scenery and society, business and pleasure and environment exert power on aur minds and characters. While few have deeply considered the depth and extent of the influence of the newspapers, few will deny it. A free press is necessary as the complement of free schools. Without schools the press would lack readers. Without the press SOHOLARSHIP WOULD FAIL of half of its uses. The newspaper is a put lic agent. It offers to the people for pay cer tain services, and in this work as advertising agent and public herald it depends for its support; but to reckon it only as public en terprise would insult public intelligence as much as it would trifle with public interests and rights. In its public character the paper enters into the rank of the world's teachers. Education has two chief factors--cUlture or discipline, and knowledge. The one comes by fit exercise or training; the other by whatever furnishes information, by observ ance, by reflection, and most of all by read ing. With all our schools we could never be an intelligent people without newspapers. They are the people's libraries, the cyclopedia of the millions. Scholars and professional men must read books; but woe, woe to them if they read not the newspaper. Even the fragmentary and ephbmeral character of its articles lends additional charms, if not addi. tional utility, to it. The freshness and var iety of articles lure the reader on. It alks to men of their business, their politicalparty, their church, themselves. The men itide scribes are their contemporaries, their neight bors. It thus adds something of dignity to their daily lives. The newspaper of to-day chronicles the movements of thought a~weill as those of men and nations. All find place Sin these PERrETUAL SCHOOLS iND TESII BaOOS of popular learning. Facts will sustain this -estimate o:f the educating power ofithe news paper. Other things being equal, the man or ily who ran: ead a good newspaper will be more intelligent than their neighbors who he .1ob 'Theueowanuper is untindvwocsted as a substitute for schools, but as a comple ment to them The American press, direct ed by men of educational minds, will find its way into school rooms. The scholars will be taught the case. Let the gigantic force of the newspapers be turned upon the work of secular education. Let the schools introduce this new text book, and we have at work an agency never surpassed to make an enlight ened and free people. A Story of our. next Pre .lent. At an immense Republican gathering at Kalamazoo, -Michigan, recently, one of the prominent speakers was Mrs. Hazlett, a lady orator. She spoke for two hours, and the novelty of listening to a lady stump speaker, and the brilliant rhetoric and eloquence which clothed her fervia language, held the audience spell bound until eleven o'clock. In the course of her remarks she related that she was once riding on a railroad, and shortly before reaching Erie a man got on the train, having on an army overcoat. He appeared sick and feeble, and went through a terrible chill. Soon after the chill left the fever came, and he was parched and weak. The hectic flush came upon each cheek, showing that he was in the last stages of consumption. At the next station a gentle man came into the car, took a seat opposite to the sick soldier, and at once noticed that he was ill. The gentleman at once threer down his valise, went to the soldier, and ad dressed him thus: "My poor fellow, are you sick? Let me help you in some way. Where are you go ing ?" He replied: "I am going to Erie-going home to die-going to see my mother, and die there. I have been in the army. I have not seen my mother for years, and going back with this decaying frame, to have it buried with my people's dead. I am not the man I was when I left the old home; but I must not complain-1 have helped to save our country ;" and then he looked up with a smile more than earthly. The gentleman said : "You have had a bad fever," and he drew from his pocket a fine linen handkerchief, went to the water tank, soaked it in cold water, and returned and placed it on the soildier's brow. Soon the ,moisture of the handkerchief was ab-. sorbed by the parched heat of his brow, and the gentleman, taking it from his head, un foldea the handkerchief. "And there," Mrs. Hazlett said, "I saw worked into the handkerchief, in one corner, the name of James A. Garfield." The scene in the hall at this point cannot ,e described. Col. Phillips rushed to the front of the stage and called for three cheers for Garfield, and the whole audience rose as a man and gave such mighty cheers as were never heard in that place before, and proba bly never will be again. The scene was thrilling in the extreme. 'The C'zar's Brde. The Emperor Alexander has been in love with the Princess Dolgorouki for more than twelve years. He first met her at the residence of her sister-in-law, the princess Dolgcrouki Vulcano, a most honorable Neapolian. Struck with the grace of the Princess Cather ine, a blonde of charming simplicity and great beauty, the emperor declared his love, and the affair soon became the talk of St. Pe tersburg. He established her in apartments on the English quay, arnd here he has visited almost daily for past ten years to seek solace in her society from the cares and wrorries of state affaire. The Princess Dolgorouki has given birth to several children, all of them being authorized by imperial ukase to bear the titles of Count and (.ountesae de Gourine, the name of the extinct branch of the Rom anoffs. The princess followed the emperor to the banks of the Danube under the name of Mmine. -tilejer during the late war wit·h Turkey. Of course the empress knew all about it, but her malady and the coldness of her nature caused her to shut her eyes to the real state of the case. Eut when the czar desired to legitimatize the princess' children, the empress, 'czarewitch, and the gr~and duke declined to accede. The czarina determined to leave Russia and find at Cannes a refuge from the insult offered her. The czarewitch avoided the winter palace as much as possi ble. The inflence of the Princess Dolgorouki grew daily stronger in the czar's household. The emperor yielded so completely to its fascination that he even showed anxiety to obtain a divorce from the empress and to marry the princess. Now that the marriage is accomplished, it is almost certainly of the kind known as "monganatic" in which the bride stipulates that she and her children will neither assume- the rank nor inherit the pos sessions of the husband. These alliances ar~e not over frequent, but the .Europe .t~io matique oceasionally furnishes us with a list of such marriages entere into by the princes of the royal ihouses of lurope. : Besides Victor Emmanuel, Leopold I, of Belgium, and Frederick VIL, o Denimark, the la~test list embraces some fifteen prince's names, a large zajorty of whom belong to the reign ing house of Gerany and Austr.iai. : Breton and Languedoc lace maintain their supremacy as the popular ornamentation for bows and ties for the neck, but thei novelties -:i At a. printers' festival, lately, the following gardtbis awa complimeptor otherwise. FASHION, FRIPPERY AND FOLLY, A miss is as good as smile. At least most of them are. It is the fashon to cover the shoulders, back and bosom, with hoods, fichus, and pe lerines of various styles and dimensions. Large sleeves are the universal feature of new wraps. Dolmans are called visites, and for the fall months are of light goods, lined with satins of some rich color and trimmed elaborately. Among the novelties this season for even ing dresses are satin-faced grenadines with raised designs. They come in every variety of dedign and tint. They are usually made up over satin or silk. In answer to the Phrenological Journal, which tells a man when choosing a wife he must be governed by her chin, the Cleveland Vc ce says: "Thae worst of it is that after having chosen a wife, one is apt to .keep on being governed in the same way. Sleeves of dresses are now so very close at the wrist that ladies are less particular con cerning long gloves,.and many select three button kinds. The choice between dressed and undressed kid gloves run evenly at pres. ent; in the latter the light shades, and black for every day wear. One of the newest polonaise designs has short fronts caught up in the centre with a long train back, which the wearer may easily arrange in more compact fashion at conVen ience. Ordinary loose polonaise with hoods have frequently a large prelate's cap added, and a watst cord makes the finish. According to the English papers, dressing at Brighton is characterized by boldness rather than by good taste. At a concert re cently a young woman appeared dressed like a gigantic child, wearing a short, very short, loose frock without waist, with an extremely wide bright yellow sash.; it would have done cupitaily for a fancy ball as "'Baby." Ac coripanying this child was a person in a wagoner's smock-frock, buckled in at the waist, the head-gear a soft felt hat, in keep ing with the dress. This would have done for the "jolly wagoner." Bonnets are artistic productions this season when made by artists, but there are a sur prising quantity made to look like a decaying vegetable garden. Odd bugs and sad looking flies and beasts are fastened on clusters of carrots or peas or onions, and sometimes liz ards or snakes lie curled round the absurdites called fruit and vegetables that are used for millinery purposes. Little animals like pigs or chipmunks, owl-heads, and horse-shoes; tiger's claws are the rivals of turnips, pump kins and beets. A woman who can see ap propriatenets in either vegetables or fruits for bonnets or hats may have artistic taste, but such taste is not safe to follow. On the score of unbecomingness such ornaments should be ignored. A dress for evening wear may be of dove colored faille, trimmed with sky-blue with fai!le and white lace. The blue skirt is shirred up the front. Over the shirrs, placed at reg ular intervals, are lengthwise, narrow plaited pieces of dove-colored faille. These are fastened on the lower part to form a deep heading, falling over a narrow blue plaiting which is on the lower part of the skirt. The train is covered with narrow blue plaited -iunces. The dove-colored turnique and scarf is trimmed areound with narrow white lace. It is drapped on the side, falling over the skirt in a point, and open in front as far as the middle of the skirt. Above this is a rlaited blue searf, forming short loops in the centre. The upper part of the tunique is a kind of small, rounded apron coming from rnder the basque. This is puffed, with lace between each puffing. The lace and puffing .re rounded like the apron: The back of the turnique is draped and fastened in the middle alder trwo large blue faiile loops. The dove colored waist forms in the back a double point, raised in pasier shape under narrow blue loops. The points are bordered with a shell-shaped lace trimming. Down the front do the waiset ~is a satin plating, terminating in a point. The neck is cut in an oval, and has a bertha made of three rows of lace with blue puffintgs, intermized. It is tied in front n "jabot;" 'Phe sleeves terminate at the albow, where thore is a blue plaiting, and also doublerow of white lace. eTKHEC OSMOPOLITAN" SNext door to the Jungle, FRONT ST., FORT BENTON. CONWAY & McCABE, PROPRIETORS. We aim to keep our Bar stocked with the best assort. ent of imported Wiikes and' Bra;ndies, and most cordially invite our friends to ca'l and sample our goods. 01d IKnt chy Boerlio Whytse , A. ....nd a Choice ot of ...,.. IMPORTBED ad: DOMEBTIO OIGARS. Benton St., behind Marshalls Saoon LEON P. ROCROM, Prop'tor. Keeps 1 large stock of EXTRPADITWN SALOC Wins, LIiaors aA ~ l rs. We keep in stock and have now on hand & large quan tity of the celebrated Hermitage Sour 1aoh. And have also just received a heavy shipment of the famous In connection with the other features of this Popular Resort, We have instituted a PRIVATE CLUB ROO., And will take extra pains to serve the public who may call on us. J. H. EVM48 & C"., C rop's . T HE WHO 5 FSTiER Prop-ietolsr (Late of the Palace Parlors.) Main Street, opp. Oourt Ho:se, A', B'eton, THE FINEST KINDS OE Wines, Ligawa UU:1 CgarsL KEPT CONSTANTLY ON E AND. The proprietor cordially invitýs his old patrons to call on him in his new departure, assuring them that th y will receive carefun attention and courteous treat ment. -:A: FLIRLST-OAS 1STAU. ANT Is run in connection with the establishment, where Meals will be served AT ALL HOURS by prompt and attentive waiters. AUGUST 0. BECKI[AI, Manufacturer and Dealer in HARMESS and SAD LES Whips, Spurs, Etc. The Best Stock always used. Good Workmanship, and Satisfaction Guaranteed. My IBarness and Saddles are all made at home. R.EPAIRING NEATL[ DONE FGR THE LEAST ONJEY IN TOWN. Carriap Trimmin & UIlIist!erilng DONE IF REQUIRED. A large stock of the Celebrated MILLS, LEAK & 00.'S GLOVES Always on hand. C. M. LANNING, -DEALER IN .ST. JOHN STREET, Fort Benton, Montana. General Repairer of Watches, Clocks, Guns, Pistols, Sewing Machines, Etc. All kinds of work done in a workmanlike manner. ORDERS BY MATL PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO PETER SMITH, COFFIN: MAKER, -AIND General Undertaker, IJJL4.D OF BO2(D STREET, FURNITURE REPAIRING i !: :!: ,:'::: ;i14 PALAE PARLORS Fronte Strea, Fort Benten. xi 'THE Nl1HWVEST. 2T Ij & SPAL IE, Proprietors. Messrs. rmith & Spalding respectfully inform the cizetlns of Benton that they have recent y bought out I.:,. '~7J . f,,ter, and assu~e the public a continuation c= the ,nitfc:' skill and ,ourteous attention which is familiar to the habitues of the place. Lot and Cold Baths. -AT A choies lot of the best Liways in stock. Niatne., and orderly conduct per vades the esta·'lishment,, Drop in and while away a pausLing hour in T-E7ZPP GT'.- 'I.E ' LI '. TOE. Front Street, FORT BENTON, - MONTANA. Meals at AI Hours. The Cooking is under the immediate supervision of Mrs. A. 0. Beckman, whe :,ill epare no pains to give sa.isactio:n in every respect. BOARD AND LODGING BY THE DAY OR WEEK. TE 4RF " SALONl BREN17AII & FISHER, Proprietors. All IDrinks, - 12, Oents! IMPORTED OCA.LfS! "'AND DON'T YOU FORGET IT." "THE ELITE" Corner Front and Benton 8ts. FORT BEINTON,, WRl'ONTANA.A A CHOICE LOT OF Whiskies, Wines and Cigars ALWAYS ON HAND. L, T. MBARSHALL, Proprietor. The Elite is the most popular resort in the upper part of town. Drop in and have a friendly chat with MarshalL R. W. CUMMINGS, Fort Benton, - Montana. VCNTRA4CTOR FOR E,,XCAVATIONS. •BUILDING STONE FURNISHED. J IoNTANA RAI8ER hORSES. We havea line band of horses, three and four yesr. old, of from half to three-quarter breed, which we will se'I at a far fmarket rate, ... J. H.:EVANSI& CO. Fort Bentton.