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THE RIVER PRESS
Wednlesday, November 1U, 1SoU. THANKSGIVING PROOLA TATION. By the President of the United States of America, proclamation. At no period in their history since the United States became a nation, has this people had so abundant and so nniversal reasons for joy and gratitude at the favor of Almighty God, or been subject to so profound an obligation to give thanks for His loving kindness and h,,mbly to implore His continued care and protection. Iiealth, wealth and prosperity tliroughout all our borders; "peace, honor and friendship with all the world; a firm and faithful adherence by the great body of our population to the p, inciples of liberty which have made our grn atness as a nation: wise instita tions and a strong frame of government and society which w ill perpetuate it-for all these let the thanks of a happy and united people, as with one voice, as cend in devout homage to the Giver of all good. I therefore recommend that on Thursday, the 25th day of November next, the people meet in their respective places of worship to make acknowledgment to Al mighty God for Eis bounties and His protection, and to offer to Him prayer for their continuance. In wit ness whereot I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this first day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eighty, and of the independence of the Uuited States the one hundred and fifth. RUTITERFORD B. HAYES, President. In accordance with the Proclamation of the Presi dent of the United States, I hereby appoint Thursday, November 25, 1SSO, to be kept throughout the Terri tory as a day of Thanksgiving and Prayer. Let us keep it with the same devotion that our fath ers did who instituted the custom. Let it be a day of rest to all; abstaining from all secu'ar labor and de voting the day to joyful thanksgiving for the blessings that we as a people have enjoyed. Let us pray that the blessings of the Father may still be on oar Territory, our local institutions and o ,r homes; and while we are giving thanks let us es pecially remember those who are desolate and oppres sed, so that the words of the master may be said unto us : .I was an hungered and ye gave me meat; I was thirsty and ye gave me drink; I was a stranger and ye took me in; naked and ye clothed me; I was sick and ye visited me; I was in prison and ye came unto me." Given at the Executive Department, Helena, Mon tana. this November 3d, A. D. 1880, and of the inde pendence of the United States the one hundred and fifth. By the Governor, B. F. POTTS. JaMs Hl. MILLS, Secretary. DOES the - Democratic party believe that two ten dollar notes would influence one hun dred Democratic votes ? THERE is likely to be a lively time at the meeting of the Democratic Central Com mittee, where the charges of traitorous con duct will be investigated. DOES the Democratic party of Choteani County believe that their Central Committee, and its most prominent members can be boughti for twenty dollars ? T'ilE Democratic party of Choteau county, hpy their delegates in convention assembled, elected their C.'ntrral Committee. This Com mni:,itee are I.o 'w ordered to step down and out, for reasons which those making charges hanve not ytt saubst.ntited,,and which we believe are gro:ndless. ),) the peop!o of Benutonr beiieve. that the Chairman cf the Democratic Central Coim mittee, Mr. Senieur, did loan Mr. Healy's or (, nyJyody else's money to William Rowe for the purpose of defeating John J. Healy ? Dio the people of this county believe that Mr: Iowe is so hard pushed for funds as to be cornpelled to resort to any central committee for twenty dollars ? TH~ rate of interest in Benton is lower . than at any other point in Montana. Capital is coming in, and with our unexampled re sources there is no reason why it shoutld not be the metropolis of this entire region. And it will be if our business men will unite and work together in pushing the interests of the section and town, regardless of petty rival ies and individual differences. THE Pos!tmaster.General calls the attention of postmasters to the following reduction of postage on newspapers addressed to foreign countries: "It is ordered that on and after the slet of October, 1880, the postal Union shall be the same as on printed matter generally for the same destination, under the provis ion of the Convention of Paris; viz., one c ent for each weight of two ounces.." THE Board of Trade of Fort Benton has taken action relative to the sanitary condi tion of the town, in which, we trust, they will be warmly seconded by the citizens gen erally. It was stated by Dr. Atkinson that h: lelieved the most fruitful cause bf the disease that is prevalent this season in Ben ton, has resulted from the miserable condi tion of our alleys and same of our streets. Too much care cannot.be exercised in this matter, for Benton has passed the limit of the country viltge or trading post, and the aggregate of the filth.that will in a short time accumulate would astonish most of our citi zens if they would examineone or two alleys. WE wish it to be distinctly understood ithat our columns are open t the ipublic, of what ever party, for the expressio::n of puZblic opinion, "provided that such party or parties :: keep within the bounds of respectablity; if :: ;they should not, they will be rigidly We hball' also et bounds upon communi, S cantsi, when, by continuous xpresin, te "hal gmet to be i+ bore. ':This p: per i the plic tteeds. n' d....o circumstahtce n ill we p l iish anonyous corrpodence :: I· :,;/~ ~ ·l~~a~: j'~t Qc~nr~i;ct3 +::+i;.+!:+;.:i ::+ +:+ ++ +!.z " +..:'.< . :+ + ...+ ,...-<+ ++ ;-++ +.+ + :. ... unless the same is accompanied by the name of the writer, which name, if requested, shall be withheld. This is required as evidence of good faith. We will also state that we are not responsible for the utterances of corres pondents. THE card of Mr. Tattan, published in an other column, recites a series of the gravest charges against prominent citizens of Benton, and members of the Democratic Central Committee, and Mr. Adams of Sun River, impeaching them of the grossest venality possible to a depraved human nature, and of official dishonesty hardly paralleled anywhere. There is something repugnant and unhealthy, and a degree of moral turpitude hardly cred ible, in a mind which would recklessly make assertions of the character that have been applied to those gentlemen, and only the most positive assurance of their truth should influence the making of these statements. It will bear heavily upon the gentleman who have made the assertions detailed in the card of Mr. Tattan if they are not able to show the most convincing proof of their truth. The gentlemen who are accused have lived here too long, and the sterling qualities of their character are too widely and favorably known to succumb under assaults from any source unless they are backed by absolute proof. Will they present that absolute proof? AFTER THE STRUGGL E. The great struggle for political supremacy in the United States between the two great parties is over. The Democratic party has exhausted the efforts of political strategy to combine elements of strength sufficient for a successful issue, and has lost. The South staked its last to create solidarity, and that solidarity has proved its most vulnerable weakness; and after twelve years of ineffect ual struggle, in which the Democratic party, was once well nigh successful, it again lies prostrate, and whether it is not destroyed is only a question. It was necessary for the destruction of the sectional issue that one of the two parties should overwhelmingly control the power of the government, and thereby render further resistence on the old lines impossible, and it is fortunate that this decisive victory has followed the creation of this very sectional issue. It is fortunate because no party will dare again to go before the country with a solid South behind it, and with the solid South will go the solid .North, and the sectional issue will disappear as the great distinctive factor of American politics. If the expressions of Southern newspapers is a true reflection of Southern public opin ion, the Southern people are inclined to take this same view of the Democratic defeat, aind are ready to enter upon a path in ac cordance with the logic of their economic aud commercial necessities, and will devote its political energies to the development of its limitless resources, and it will even accept the assistnce of the Republican party rathar than to be further misled by the ignis fatuus of Democratic supremacy, which even if maintained, could only be by its subserviency to Northern ideas and policy, and between Northern policy as represented by the He publican party, and the same as represented by the Democratic party, the South has but to little choose. Leave out the sectional issue and there is no great line of division between the two great parties. On the tariff and on the ques tions affecting the finances, the division is between the commercial and manufacturing interests of the sea-bound States and the agricultural interests of the Mississippi States, divisions upon which the North and South are equally interested. In the Eist there is a social tendency toward exclusion, and a gradual accretion of power into the hands of an unrecognized, but powerful and irrespon sible oligarchy; in the West the tendency is for a broader democracy and a fuller popu lar influence upon the government of the na tion, and in both these tendencies the ex pression of either party is divided according to the differing interests of the two sections. And it is upon these broad lines, with the thousand smaller issues that flow from:each, that the politics of the nation will eventually be divided-and they willbe thus divided as soon as the issue between the North and South shall disappear. The policy of the Republican party has been dictated in the past by the Eastern or oligarchic faction, and this has been its great est weakness, one which would have before now destroyed it if its existence had not been rendered necessary by the greater evil of a hostile South. Can the Republican party inthis day of magnificent triumph discard its incubus and represent again the popular tendency and sympiathy as it did in its first sand most glorious days ? If it can it will maintain its power for an indefinite period. If noit will go the way of all things useless and destructivei.: Can the Democratic party throw aside its old-time and worn~out traditions and enter into th spirit of popular necessities and the sympathies of the great : producing classes of th country ?: If it can there wil! yet be room and a time for it, but if it can not it BWt the teadlings of tirt&bieave shown that old pairiesl 'like old people, seldom imbibe new ideas, and .we believe the natural re isult of the d rntegration bof the Sout as an both parties, or their thirough reformation DESER T LANDS. The instructions of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, published on the seventh page of this number of the RrvER PRESS, will undoubtedly prove interesting to our readers. It puts the quietus upon all ar gument as to what constitutes desert lands, within the meaning of the act relating thereto. The act of Congress, which the Commissioner interprets, was apparently in tended to facilitate the reclamation of barren lands so extensive in the Territories to which the act applied, but, through accident or de sign, in its operation it became an instrument towards defeating the very object which Con gress evidently intended to promote. In view of the very favorable and satisfactory interpretation of the Commissioner, we re frain from analyzing the characteristics of the different sections of this act, in contradistinc tion to those of the homestead and pre-emp tion acts, believing that, although laud grab bers, as they are termed, took advantage of the imperfections of the enactment, there were many entries of a bona fide character made under its provisions. The decision of the Commissioner is defi nite and the instructions to those required to take proof of the desert character of land are clear and pointed, leaving no opportunity for reasonable doubt of their meaning. "Land along streams and around bodies of water, which produce grass suitable for hay without artificial irrigation, is not desert land within the meaning of the law, nor is any land which will produce any crop whatever without irri gation, and such lands are not subject to desert entry." There can be no possibility of mistaking this language. It's meaning is too clear, plain and explicit to admit of any doubt as to what constitutes desert land ; and under this decision, which must be accepted as binding and final, how many acres in Choteau county can properly be classed as desert lands? Not upon the Missouri bottoms, nor upon the valleys of Sun River, Teton, Marias, flighwood, Shonkin, Belt or Arrow creeks can an acre of land be pointed out which, within the meaning of the act of Con gress, can be termed desert, or which, under these rules, can be properly entered and pur chased as desert lands. The bench lands, even, may yet be preserved to the settler, for except in years of unusual drought they pro duce more than average crops of hay. 'The importance to this county of the ruling of the Commissioner cannot at present be justly estimated. In a few years, when the oppressed of forei n countries, and the over crowded farmers and ill-paid mechanics of the Eastern States, become settlers in our midst; when the pick and plow shall emerge from obscurity andl. unitedly, reveal the now hidden resources of our lands ; when the day-dream of the past five years-now being gradually and unmistakeably trans formed into a reality of prosperity--shall, by the aid of merchpnt, miner, mechanic and farmer, vanish into gigrantic enterprises, the growth of their conception, then shnll the citizens.of this county fully realize the bless ings that attend free lands for the homes of free people._ _ __ _ IMIPORTANT TO MIINERS. FORT Ba.'roN, November, 5th 1880. To the Editor of the RIVER PRESS. There has been a good deal of discussion here, lately, about the time allowed by Act of Congress for miners to perform the neces sary work upon claims !ocated since January 1880. Will you end the matter by publishing in your paper-, if possible, an answer to the following question ? What length of time is allowed to locators of quartz mines, dis covered since January last, to put the re quired $100 in work upon their claim ? I am, sir, yours etc., QUARTz MINER. There seems to be some misunderstanding existing among miners, and those interested in mines, in this locality, relative to the period allowed by the United States statutes, wheremi improvements may be made upon unpateAited mines, and quartz leads located during the past summer and fall months. For the information of our correspondent, and our readers generally, we publish in this issue the section which applies to the im provements of unpatented mines, as amended by Act of Congress and appears upon the statutes, andalso the letter of Commissioner Williamson concerning its interpretation. As will be seen from this section, locators of mines discovered subsequent to January last, are not compelled to perform the required work upon their claims prior to next January; they are only required to have their, annual expenditures made some time prior. to Jan uary, 1882. SECTION 2324. The miners Of each mlning-district. may make regulations not in conflict wi~t the laws of the United States, or with the laws offthe State or Territory in-Which the district is situatej governing the location, manner of recording, amolgt of work necessary to hold possession of a mining-claim, sub ject to the following: requirements: The location must be distinctly marked :on thie ground so that its boundaries canbe readily traced. AIT records 6f min ing claims hereer made shall contain 4the name or nanmei of the locators, the date of thea location, and .such a description of ithe claim or claims locatedl. by re erence to some n~tural oeject or permanent monu ment. as 'will identify the claim. Oin each claim locat ed after .he ten.th day of Iay, cighteen hundred and seventy-two and until a patent has been issued there for, not less than one haudred dollars' worth of labor shall be pe-formed, or imptovements made during each ear. On all claislocated prior to the tenth of inade by the tenth dsy otJune, eghteen hundred and hlieae-n issnt eheiirefi* iut w1a~en such cliTITre held in common, such expenditure may. be made upon any one claim; and upon a failure to comply with these conditions, the claim or mine upon which such failure occurred shalt be open to re-location in the same manner as if no location of the same had ever been msade, proyided that the original locators, their heirs, assigns, or legal representatives, have not re sumed work upon the claim after failure, or before such location. Upon the failure of any one of several co-owners to contribute his proportion of the expend iture required hereby, the co-owners who have per formed the labor or made the improvements may, at the expiration of the year, give such delinquent co owner personal notice by writing, or notice by publi cation in the newspaper published nearest the claim, for at least once a week for ninety days, and if at the expiration of ninety days after such notice in writing or by publication such delinquent should fail or refuse to contribute his proportion of the expenditures re quired by this section, his interest in the claim shall. become the property of his co-owners who have made the required expenditures: Provided, that the period within which the work required to be done annually on all unpatented mineral claims shall commence on the first day of January succeeding the date of such c'aim, and this section shall apply to all claims located since the tenth day of May, Anno Domini eighteen hundred and seventy-two. Approved January 22, 1880. DEPARTMENT OF' THE INTERIOR, GENERAL LAND OFFICE. WASHINGTON, D. (I., May 15th, 1880. SIR :-In reply to your letter of the 14th ult., you are informed that the second section of the act of January 22d, 1880, to which you refer, intends to provide that the locator of a mining claim shall have the residue of the year in which the location is made, and the whole of the next including year, dating from January 1st, in which to make the first annual expenditures required by iection 2324 revised statutes. ie is not compelled to commence work at any particular time, but must have made his first annual expenditures as aforesaid sometime prior to the expiration of the calendar year next succeeding his lo cation. Very respectfully, J. A. WILLIAMsoN, Com'r. MARTIN MINING DISTRICT. The excellent indications of the general prosperity of the Barker Mining district, to gether with the favorable report of the de velopment of the Grey Eagle and Bar ker mine causes that district to be the center of attraction of capitalists and min ers. An important rival, however, is now looming up in the Martin Mining District, which is distant from the Barker about twen ty-five miles. Several good-looking leads have been located in this latter, district, but the only one which is at present being devel - oped is the Bismarck lode, which shows a vein of solid Galena two feet in width. The actual width of the vein has not yet been de termined, one wall only being defined. A tuunel is being run seventy-five feet below the surface, the completion of which will discover the true width of the vein at that depth. The Bismarck mine is located in the mmediate vicinity of Mount Baldy, in the Belt mountains, and is about fifteen miles distant from Yogo gulch, and about the same distance from Benton as the Barker mines, with the advantage, however, of having a mnuch better road. The recent developments of the resources of this district most as suredly indicates an era of permanent pros perity unsurpassed in the history of any otb er section ot the Territory. And it only re quires that we should all glide along this prosperous path now opened, aiming more to promote general interests than to specially serve individual ends, to make this condition ot affairs speedily sure and certain. TAILINGS. In Benton, when the sun was low, All bloodless were the beaten foe; And dark and dismal was the woe Of poor old MicElhinny. No newspaper man ever was President of the United States. To the lelena Hlerald--for the best dis play of election poultry-a leather medal. Sixty-one good Indians have been found. It was just after Victoria and his band were killed, "'Too Thin; or, Skeleton Sara. Her Real stic Life and Adventures; a novel. Pub ished by Mullen & Stalk. . Residence in law is where a man gets his washing done. Is it possible that editors have been illegal voters ? We are trying to think why it is that the HIelena Independent is filled with so much interesting miscellany just now. The wires have been down ever since the election returns began to come in. But what has that to do with David Davis.' The hero of Gettysburg and Spottsylvania Court House is now,, among the immorta His name has been used to do service as a ci gar brand. The Elmira Free P~ress, (Dem.), veryan grily wants to know what the idiots of the Re publican party see that is so funny in the recent elections. We said thb other week that Daniel Searls was editor of the Butte :Miner, but it is offi cially stated in its columns 4hat it will be be done Brown. Wonder how that telegraph operator at Cleveland knew that Captain Page voted at Sun River; or :that Jas. iM. Arnoux and Jim Wells were in Benton Friday.: Dr. Drape.' says that fish do not contain an exenas of phosphorus, but t·tt the nheu nomenon ox pnospnorescence is Oue to the oxidization of carbon. There goes another theory, and one which will have a depressing influence on the fish market and a couple of bucking lawyers. "Nothing happens but the impossible and the unexpected," as Cicero said to Marcus Antonious when the returns from Etruria gave 23,000 majority, and created a solid North. "It will make Rome howl," answer ed Marcus, as he turned away to go and fin. ish his novel on the last of the Tarquins. "Happy is the man," said Solon "who can discuss the political situation with ciindor and without acerbity," "Yes," said AEschy lus, "only yesterday the disgraceful epithet of shyster was applied to one of my friends who is teaching school down on the Piterus, who thought of coming to Athens to expound the law." "Let virtue be its own reward," said Solon, as he turned on his away to consult the oracle. There will be none more thankful than ed itors that the political campaign is over. Sup pose we should all club in and give our can did opinions about politics and politicians as seen from an editorial standpoint-just be as frank for instance as our dear readers, candi dates included, are in expressing their opin ions about us.-New .Northwest. 'Nough said, Capt., just you lead out in your usual happy vein, as evidence of good faith, you know. But it would be a dirty job, though.' A CARD. To the Editors of the Record: As the chairman of the Democratic Central Committee of Choteau County has called a meeting of said committee, to be held at the court house, at 7 o'clock p. m. on Thursday, the 11th inst., and as you have seen fit to make your paper the vehicle of disgraceful slurs and libelous imputations upon the aforesaid committee, both as members and in their individual capacity, I demand that you appear at said meeting and make good the charges published in your paper of last week, which charges are as follows: That Gus. Senieur, John F. Murphy, J. C. Adams and John W. Tattan, members of the Democratic Central Committee, were parties to a deliberate plan, and conspired to defeat Heaiy and Hamilton, Democratic candidates for Sheriff and Commissioner. That Gus Senieur loaned the Republican can didate for Sheriff, twenty dollars, for the purpose of buying Democratic votes. That John F. Murphy, secretary of the com mittee, distributed tickets with the name of Rowe and Weatherwax therebn, instead of Healy and Hamilton, as candidates for Sheriff and Commissioner; that the bogus tickets thus distributed by said Murphy. were circulated by J. C. .Adams, at Sun River, and that the money paid by Messrs. Healy and Hamiiton, candidates for sheriff andcommissioner, to said IMurphy, as cerm paign assessments, were used by him to aid a conspiracy to defeat said c(lndMlidate, That John W. Tattan, member of said com mittee and candidate for Probate Judge did, secretly, all in his power to defeat Messrs Healy and Hamilton; that he was a party to a bargain and sale of said cand.i dates, and through fear of exposure stood aloof from the polls to avoid suspicion. These are ;he charges nmade by you, e,'i tors of the Record, and I demand that 3on appear, at the time and place above stated, with your proofs. As far as the charges against myselft are concerned, I could here and now pwrve them to be deliberate falsehoods--and I unow the other charges are false--as.d, further, that you who made them knew them to be false; but justice to those gentlemen with whom my name has been associdted, requires that proper investigation should be made and that those who published the above libidTous charges should have full and ample opportu nity to prove them. Do not fail to appear with your proof, and by the way you may as well be prepared to answer a few pertinent questions that may be asked of yourselves. JNo. W. TATTAN. Change of BishopN. [New North-West.] Episcopalians have long desired the segre gation of Montana from the Montana, Utah and Idaho diocese and its et:ahblishment as a separate and independent diocese, and have strongly seconded the efforts of Bishop Tut tie in that direction. But it vwas not with the object or expectation of losing Bishop Tut tle, who has been Bi.ahep at Us T"e:ritory for some thirteen years and is undoubtedly held in greater esteem with the majority of people than any other ciergymsnu who ba9 been in the country. This appears however to have been the result, :and Rev. Dr. L. R. Brewer, of Watertown, N. Y; succeeds as Missionary Bishop of Montana. As an organizer and buildei up of churcherse and congregations, Bishop Tuttle is one among ten thousand especially adapted to the task in the west. We: do iinot know the abilities or special qualifications of Bishop Brewer in this direction, bat those who have heard him in the East speia in the highest terms of his ability :in theulpit and his high standing as a Christian gentlemen. He will be welcomed as his predecessor will be regretted, and while in hogies the former nmay succeed to the latter's manptle at esteem, we would °be pleased to hear of the Pineei Patriatch be ing given higher preferment and taking another step on thO rouunds of tha.t ladder whichi even prelates are glad to climb.