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"Cool and palm-shaded from the torrid heat. The young brown tenor puts his singing by, And sets the twin pipe to his lips, to try Some air of bulrush-glooms where lovers meet; 0 swart musician ! time and fame are fleet, Brief all delight, and youth's feet fain to fly ! Pipe on in peace! To-morrow must we die? What matter, in our life to-day be sweet ? Soon, soon, the silver paper reeds that sigh Along the Sacred River will repeat The echo of the dark-soled bearers' feet! Who carry you, with wailing, where must lie Your swathed and withere : body, by and by, In perfumed darkness,with the grains of wheat." THE NEWSPAPER. "The Editor's Sanctum Fits t After the Church," Says The Rev, Robt. Uollyer. "The steam engine does no day's work so marvelous in its whole result as that which is done by the steam printing press; the wire flashes no such weight of interest, the railroad carries no such freight as the last edition, while the artist has no such opening as this that transfers work at once to the block and then sends the picture flying into the hearts and brains of a million men. As the. news paper makes tributary to its purpose the finest results of art and science and discovery, so it captures some of the choicest powers in our current thought and life. Dr. Chalmers said, many years ago, that the best writing, and a good deal of the best thinking, of his day was done for the newspapers. It is not too much to say that the newspaper articles are as much better now than they were then as the papers are better than those on which Chalmers based his wonder. Not content with the best thoughts, the newspaper secures the choicest enterprise. Do the hidden forces break out in an earthquake? A man springs up with his note-book and pencil, while the land is rocking under his feet, and begins to write and flash his words over the first wire he can lay his hands on. Is the fire burning up a city? There he is among the flames, scratch ing at his paper. THE COOLEST MAN YOU SHALL FIND. "Is the war far afield ? The newspapers will give you news of the battle far ahead of anything the governments can get who are most deeply involved, and vastly more true, as a rule. Nothing escapes this ever-present and all-present eye. It mirrors the great markets in one page and tells you of an oyster supper in the basement of a church, and re ports impartially a murder or a sermon. Does the old lion roar over there in Europe, or the bear growl, or the eagle scream? You hear them all through this wonderful telephone of the newspaper. It brings to you the froth and foam of the chalice of our life, and re ports the vast and awful movements which belong to all the centuries and are felt all . a6j no. great wonder that the news paper should be about the most potent power we know of among visible things, or that fair-minded men should be glad for the power and proud of it wherever it is held sacred to truth and virture in a wise and true sense. .1 would venture to say that we of all men should be glad of this power for good, be cause among newspapers of the first rank there are very few indeed that are not con ducted in a broad and liberal spirit whenever they touch the great questions which belong especially to the pulpit. [ndeed, I saw a paragraph, not very long ago, which pro- 4 fessed to give the bias or the belonging of the I most eminent editors in this country, and it a was something of a wonder to find what j numbers of them there were what we should call liberal, until I remembered how hard a it must be to find a man of any other mind t who can conduct a great paper, or conduct- t ing one, would not catch this spirit through ra the work. It is true of the great papers that j when they teach religion at all it is in a wide , way; they give no quarter to religious bigotry t: or bitter and narrow dogmas. For all these (3 reasons and others the newspaper has come a to be beyond all doubt more popular anid a more widely read in this country~ than the c Bible, while no man has to make such a con- ti fession about it as quaint Master Faller made n about the lesson for the day: 'Forgive me f in this, that when I set myself this morning a to read Thy blessed Word, I first turned the is leaf to see if it was a long chapter.' You g] never turn the page of your paper in this a spirit to see if it is a long chapter, or find t your long-lost glasses in the folded sheets, ii while most men, I doubt not, are stirred by a the great old book. And the reason for this 14 is the newspaper comes right home, and a bears the thought and life of the world about 4 us, caught on the wing and transferred to the pages throbbing with love aind hate, witht terror and joy, with life and death. "Il this were the whole sum and substance of the newspaper, wie could want NO BETTER VIBITOE IN OUR HOUSES, Or suportors of our-schools and churches, no more igapregnable citadel and ally of -a free1 government, and no finerhelper to our whole hsp~an life than the daily and weekly press. Bitt t1he truth is, as we all know, that there is aidivine, a bumai and an infernal element in the newopapers,,as there is ipallkthings that herve eome and docomle out of the heartt4pd lige of man. .,The newspaper is glorioup and. good at its highiest and best, meanier as you search downwarl, and when yott get clear down- )o the lowest line, as mean as dirt. It la the o),d arearz over again in this respect alsp, Wiat these elemeats stand for something, outside tle image itbelf. P~owerful and won-4 derfuli as this oceation is of our new day, it is thie image of ,the people who are looking at it in hope or fear, or admiration or bate. It is, like the church, the drama, the Congress, the Senate, and the administration, an out come first, and then an income. At its worst it is like the stagnant pools and marshes that turn to slime in the sun and breed pestilence and malaria, proof of the kinship to evil some people tolerate about them or create out of the slush and slime of their own natures. That the American press should distance the world in enterprise is as natural as it is that we should do a hundred things besides that spring from our wide and free life. That it should be generally keen, bright, trenchant, quick and humorous in spots is also natural, because these are the qualities that lie within our free life also. That the leading articles in our papers should contrive to pack all the sense into half the space of the leader in a paper like the London limes is also natural, because we live a hasty, fiery and impatient life, as different as possiblec from the slow and sure processes of the life in Eng land. That we should have hundreds of per sonal and impersonal items about everything of any interest, and every man and woman who happens to strike the public eye, is also natural, because there is no such curious and inquisitive race on the planet as this of ours. We lay in wait no longer for the stranger to find out all about him, but we have created the interviewer, and he keeps us quiet in the full assurance that he can do a great deal better than we can, and we shall get the whole truth in the next issue of our paper, and, it may be, a touch of imagination, to boot. It is natural, also, that every horrible catastrophe should be opened out to the minutest incident in some of our papers, with deep head lines, secret and circumstance, not so much that the ends of justice may be served, but that the dish of highest seasoning may sell the most papers. It is natural, also, I suppose, that below these lines there should be papers that minister to the vilest passions of our common nature, to the devil within rather than the angel or man, because there are multitudes in whom the devil is master. "One paper I have heard spoken of as The Weekly Judgment Day. We have others that do not have to wait a week. They set the great white throne up every morning against these festering evils that afflict our life. I say not one word, then, against a frank and fair discussion of any question, but what I do loath and condemn is not the freedom but the license which will bare the breast of its own mother, if the public will pay to see a cancer. And now what hope is there that this great power for good and evil will grow better and not worse; that the gold and silver of it will gradually gain on the brass, the iron, and the mud; there is hope that the best of our journ. alists are all the time growing better and win ning their way into larger areas of power and the noblest use. I count it a sign alto. frnelfrgf our afthe vast majority of our great papers are perfectly free, and, as I be lieve, perfectly honest. THEY STAND CLEAR OF ALL TAINT And trust themselves utterly to the honest in stincts of the clean American Citizen. Jour uals like these are the true leaders of the peo ple. It is our business to see that nothing shall enter our home in the shape of a news paper that defileth or maketh a lie. I believe ;hat a great and good newspaper is as sacred n its own way as tbe Bible. It has something n it of the very present word of God to man, md the very present word of man to God. A, good paper is as true a ministrant to the souls ife as good bread is to the life of the body, Lnd it has become about as indispensable. I 'eel now and then as if I would like to read a ~reat leader from my paiper in the pulpit as a ort of second lesson. The old Scotch minis er used to say: 'I read my paper to see what he Lord is doing on the earth.' I advocate to exclusive devotion to* one book. The lible is the divine book to me of all the vorld and all time, and there are~ other books hat are also divine in their own measure, and ben a good newspaper makes up the sum, nd in its own way is divine also. I know of 0o position so full of difficulty as this of the onductor of a great journal. His congrega ion is counted by tens of thosands, and every man of them wants the paper run his way, rets and fumes if it is not so, and writes a calding letter, or gives up his paper. This Sall wrong, and a perpetual threat to one of he finest treasures we possess-the freedom if the press. Now, we love free speech in he pulpit, and cherish it. We should love Salso in the press, so it be clean and sturdy peech, and say, with good John James Tay or : 'I love the truth, even when it goes agsinst myself.' It must be the first condi ion of the eaditorship of a great newspaper hat the editor shall see farther and wider han we do, as it is the first conditiun of a ulnister that he shall see deeper and higher; ind so it is the sin of a sad limitation in mearers and readers that they should want to tarrow all down to their line of vision. Of di places in the world to be guarded from a iarrow, bigoted and sectarian spirit, I put lie editor's sancotum first after the church. FVofessors' Wlghtmmawe. "What Is water ?" "Water is an article used by some as a Irink." "Can you name any of its properties ?" "Well, it occasionally rots boots." "W~hat is pound ?" "It is the noise produced by the vibration rif th particles vf the air against each~other." "You tnay, Ive some historical fact.s con coemJing zinc." "Zinc was known as far back as the time of the ancients." "How is carbolic acid formed ?" "It is formed by burning wood in the tube in which the wood is burned." "Do you see on the map the coal areas of the Arctic legions ?" "Yes, sir." "Hardly, as they are too small in extent to be visible at your distance." "From what does the corniferous period receive its name ?" "From the fact that at this time all the plants resembled cornstalks." "Archimedes, you say, discovered specific gravity on getting into his bath-why had the principle never before occurred to him ?" "Probably this was the first time he ever took a bath." "Froniwhat point do we measure latitude and longitude in the heavens ?" "Greenwich." "What is the origin of the term Nebular Hypothesis ?" "Well, I suppose it was named after the man who invented it." "Mr. K., has Venus a satellite ?" "I think not, Professor, but Mercury is shining up to her."' "What star is nearest the earth ?" "The moon." "Mr. L., if 'I' is the angle of incidence, what do you call 'R?"' (Mr. L. hesitates. Half a dozen Senators in various parts of the room whisper "refrac tion.") "Oh! the angle of refraction." "Mr. A., you can easily conceive of an in finite number of straight lines passing through the same point; now, tell me why you can not draw them ?" "Because, Doctor, the bell is about to ring, and I won't have the time." One of the most interesting plants in the Park green house in New York is the Brazil ian love tree, the philodendron partusum. In its native country it bears a delicious fruit, which, however, will not bear trans portation. The singular feature of it is that the leaves are perforated, and the little round openings increase in size and become long and irregular slits before the leaf is fully de veloped. The leaves of this specimen are what might be called shield shaped, two feet across in the widest part and three feet in length. It is planted in a barrel, and being a climber, stretches for six or eight feet, with a heavy green stalk, which throws down long roots at every joint. C. M. LANNING, -DEALER IN eatchs, Clocks, Jewelry ST. JOb ET, Fort Benton, Montana. General Repairer of Watches, Clocks, Gune, Pistols, Sewing Machine", Etc. All kinds of work done in a workmanlike manner. ORDERS BY MAlL PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO J. 0. BOURASSA, Exchange Saloon FT. BENVION, * BIONTAM4A. This popular saloon is kept in first-class style, and han constantly on hani! a choice assortment of WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS, OF THE VERY BEST BRANDS. WHOOP-UP SALOON And Restaurant, GrRISSELL & FLYNN, Prop'rs. Board, $5.00 Per Week. h[eals at All Hours. Oysters in Season. Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars. SIJ1M RIVER ROasING, 171. T. JOHN H. GAMBLE, Front Street, a few doors above poatoffic. PROPFRIETOj OF THE STAR BAKERY Fort Benton, 31ontanL. Confectionery, CAKES AND PASTRY, Of all kinds always on hand. We make a specialty of turning out the BEST BREAD IN BENTON, and customers ca alwysrely upon'getting Vedinig Caies adl Pastry God Will always receive prompt attention. OYSTERS, AND ALL KINDS OF FRUITS In Season. Goodu Delivered Presmptiy.i PARK STA L HARRIS & STRONG, PROPRIETORS. Liv ery, Peed and Sale.n LIGHT AND HEAVY TURNOUTS Furnished on the shortest notice. The vehicles are all newb and first-class, having been received late this fall, and are all of the newest and latest make and design. A specialty is made of Saddle Horses for Ladies and Gentlemen. THE BEST OF ATTENTION SHOWN TO TRANSIENT STOCK. M. A.. FLANAGAN, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in RU ,NOTIONS Druggists' Sundries, PERFUTMERY, TOILET ARTICLES, BRUSHES, PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES, Lamps, Chandeliers, Wall Paper, Etc., Etc. 4 ICHOICE CIGARSIM --O Have constantly on hand a full assortment of School Books, and and a general variety of Stationery. PHYSICIANS' PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY COMPOUNDED. 1880. ESTABLISHED 1877. LT A. ROSENCRANS, Cor. Front and Bond Sts., - Fort Benton, Montana. - :MANUFACTURER AND DEALER IN: -AND SADDILERY HARDWARE, Hobbles, Feed Bags, Black Snake WhIaps, Halters, Whip Stalks, California Lashes, Riding Bridles, Tents, Curry Comnbs, Side Saddles, Cinches, Horse Brusbes, Horse ian~kets, Plaited Bridle Reins, Mexican Spars, Surcingles," Piicket Swivels, Block Stirrups, Horse Collars, Gioves and Milttens, Slipper Stirrups, Harness Soap, Harness Oil, Iron Hound Stirrups I do not fail to keep~ everyfhing to be found in a first-class establishment. Always have on hand a good assort-. ment of the noted MIILLS & LEAK SLOVES AND MITTENSI -:o: Repairing Neatly Done, and at Low Rates to Suit the Times. RIVER BLACKSMITH SHOP Cor. Power and Franklin Streets, FT. BENTON, M BAONTANA. orse, MuIe& Ox Shoeing A SPECIALTY. WAGON REPAIRING, I have employed the best wood workmen in the Terri tory, and can guarantee good work and entire satisfaction. Blac lith~illt ik all its Branches. RUFUS PAYNE, Proprietor. GOOD WORK AT REASONABLE PRICES. STOCK BRAmD. AZ on either right or left hip. Also owner bypur. chase of the following brands: U on left tbigh, for. merly owned by P. D. Kenyon and Charles Lehman; I0I on right ribs or right hip, formerly owned by Joe Gehrett. All persons are hereby warn st either of said brands yway. R. &PRICB Address-Fort Benton. Range--dudlthBasia. Sun River Crossillf, LARGENT HOUSE, ON HELENA AND BENTON ROAD A FIRST-CLASS TABLE,, And Well Furnished Rooms Sufficient fir Any Requirements, at Reasonable Rates. Superior Accommodations for Transient Custom. The Traveling Public may be aseured that people with families who are visiting Montana. for the pur poses of bu iness or pleasure, and who may wish to remain for a length of time, aill have better attention and accommo dations than they will receive elsewhere outside of Helena. WILLIAM H. ULM, =1ANAGER.