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THE RIVER PRESS
Wednesday, January 5, 1881. B: C. WILLIAMS, - - - - - - - EDITOR T$z London Times says England and Europe envy the finances of the United States. THE State of Nevada, according to the re cent census returns, has a population of a. few hundred less than 60,000. SINCE the discovery of petroleum Pennsyl vania has produced 133.262,639 barrels of crude oil, valued at $35,709,692. TILE Major-Generals of the army in order of their rank are as follows : Hancock, Schofield, McDowell. The Brigadiers in like order are Pope, Howard, Terry, Auger, Crook and Miles. IN fourteen months, since October 1, 1879. the currency of the country has been inflated to the extent of $191,550,234 of which $135, 155,077 is gold, $40,901,139 paper and $15, 594,038 silver. The latter metal has been curbed by an interested administration and a hostile press. AT the meeting of the county board Tues day it was agreed that if the Territory would reduce its assessment of valuation from three mills to one, the county would apply one mill to increase the school fund, and one to the contingent fund; the entire assessment being retained at the present valuation of 16 mills. THE idea of making Grant Captain-Gener al of the army not meeting with general fa vor, and being likely to amount to nothing, it has been suggested that his sympathizers get up a lottery scheme in his behalf, or in stitute a "penny subscription" throughout the Union. Some of the enthusiastic friends of the ex-president are trying to create the opinion that he is a claimant to the title of Great National Pauper. -Madisonian. TIHE stories of coolness betweon General Sherman and the White House are not al together groundless. It arose from known preferences of Sherman in the Ord-McDowell matter, he demanding the retention of Ord or the retirement of McDowell. The Gen eral's views on the subject have supporters, especially when it is learned that McDowell's trip East to vote for Garfield cost the govern ment $1,200 mileage and expenses, while Ord's unlucky dispatch congratulating Han cock was prepaid by himself. IN our discusssion of the river freight busi ness, in last week's issue, we did not mean to be understood that the amounts of freight brought by the three lines here bore any re lation to the mercantile business transacted by the various firms interested, but was sim ply arr t exnwrt' a t'ru inst brought .y me tranportation lines. The statement has no reain whatever to the local busizoess tran sacted by either T. C. Power & Bro. or I. G Baker & Co., which is a separate matter al together and was not touched upon by the RIVER IPRESS. THE advocacy of a nice, agreeable place on the retired list of the army for ex-Presi dent Grant recalls how Jackson retired from the presidency poor in health and poorer in pocket. "I returned home," he writes toMr. Trist, "with just $90 in money, having ex pended all my salary and most of the pro ceeds of my cotton crop; found everything out of repair, corn and everything else for the use of my farm to buy, having but one tract of land, besides my homestead, which I have sold, and which has enabled me to begin the year (1833) clear of debt; relying on our industry and economy to yield us a support, trusting to a kind providence for good seasons and prosperous crops." The illustration can hardly be said to make for Grant unless it can be shown that his suc cessor in the white house, his personal friend Mr. Van Buren, took the occasion of an an nual message to recommend that Congress take care of him, or that through his next friend he procured the introduction of a bill placing him on the retired list of the army. General Jackson never permitted his friends to represent him as an object of charity, Shaken as he was in his old age, he was a grim old soldier to the last, and would proba bly have regarded $7,000 a year, the income of General Grant, as princely.- Ukicago Times. ______________ A coMPARIson of the shipments over the railroad with those by way of the river will not be out of place just now, when these subjects are before the public, and the amount brought by the two routes* are not greatly at variance, though the balance lies on the side of the railroad, which brought in 32,903,735 pounds, as against 28,029,610 pounds brought by way of the river. There were two causes. which conspired to produce this result. The first and most pertinent* be ing the novelty of the railroad and the scalp ing process employed by the management in taking freight. The other reason was in the fact that southern Montana is so much .more thickly populated than the northern sections that there was a shade of difference in favor of the southern, at least as far as local ship ments from thb Terminus were. concerned, and which were quite large. B3ut our mer chants of Helena have beentmade to feJ.lt)e weight of railroad discrimination in the way of railroad freigh'ts since the close of navi gation, and will probably throw a much larger proportion of their trade by the river route the coming season. In comparing the p figures, our readers must not forget the fact ii that the railroad shipped freight all the year l1 round, while the boating season extended oier a period, not exceeding four months, thus showing a great preponderance of busi e ness, in the same length of time, for the e river route. t The RIVER PRESS has without exception t -maintained the attitude of independence which it announced in its salutatory would be its policy. We have not had, nor will we have any purpose in view except to make it an organ for the special needs or welfare of the people as a whole, and this will actu ate us in the future whenever we are obliged to discriminate between contending factions. In last week's issue we commented severely upon the action of a certain element of our population relative to a sentiment of bitter social antagonism which it had displayed to wards another, and which reached such a point on the occasion of the Masonic Ball that we would have been recreant in our duty to the public had we longer failed to rebuke it. We have no desire,to find fault with any who may wish to isolate themselves from as. - sociation with others, who from lack of edu cation, or from inability to conform with social requirements, are distasteful. Much less do we advocate a promiscuous associa tion with those who are .recreant to a high standard of respectability or decency in their private life. Neither can we criticise that feeling of superiority which is the growth of several generations of wealth, mental cul ture, and special training, for it is a natural growth, and one which really does confer a certain portion of superiority over other ele ments less specially fitted. But the sentiment which we satirized last week is the result of none of these conditions. On the contrary it is the silliest of all the silly progeny of this century of shams. The town and country is in an almost helpless in fancy, and those who have builded it thus far are fully as much of the class adventurer as those who are lately come, or who may in the near future come into it. Only the ener getic persevering poor, who are dissatisfied with the position of medocrity which would be theirs certainly in an over crowded and I stratified society will brave the dangers or submit to the isolation and exposure incident to a frontier life. And all praise is due those who have placed themselves by their energy and perseverance above the condition in which they begun. But it is an exhibition of weakness of char- t acter to assume an attitude of superiorityi over an entire community which is not pos-] sessed in any degree whatever. Take the case of the Masonic party above referred to. I For some reason this element was not satis- I fied with a position of indifference; it could j not even quietly remain away from those f with whom it did not wish to associate; but J must maintain a policy of obstruction, and t exhibit a desire to render ridiculous that which it could not manipulate, in a way which is the very antithesis of good breeding or a true aristocratic instinct. iNot even satisfied with obstructing the Masonic party, this element concluded it would show how a thing should properly be done by giving one within its own exclusivei set, and in its very best style, and it par aded its intention with such a brazen-fadedt and contemptible manner, that it was evident that only insult, not sociability, was the prin cipal motive, and this display of poor breed-< ing and conceited indifference, to the feelings of others had the effect to arouse considerable hostility towards it. We do not mean to as sert that all those who attended this later ef fort were actuated with the sentiment wet have deprecated, or even that all of those who were connected in its management were dis posed in a hostile way towards others of the community, but believe it to be confined to a clique of less thain half a dozen, who have seen fit to allow their personal jealousies and pique influence their actions. This petty spirit in this isolated Western town, entertained by one set of adventurers for another, is not only silly and, ridiculous, but is positively injurious to the town's best interests and development. We were weak enough if all were united, and helpless if we are to be divided, and we believed it neces sary to expose the shallowness, the hollow ness, and the silliness which are its animat ing causes, and in the only way in which it could be done, by holding it 'up to ridicule and contempt, and we will do our utmost to destroy it, if ridicule and contempt wil ac complish that end. But contrary to the belief of some parties we have not a particle of feeling against in dividuals.- It is the existence, the spirit of the thirig which we oppose, and which we shall oppose1 untilit is shamed into nonentity. And while we cannot hope to altogether avoid feeling being directed against us personally, we shall constent ourselves with the reflection that only those will so take it that find it fit Sting in their own case, and we will brace our Sselves up to meet their ill will in whatever Sshape it may be presented. But we believe Sthat wthat we said last week, although it may Scause heart burndiggs which none will regret Sso much as oursielves, and, create an impres .siqn of hostility to individuals where none Swas intended, has had the effect we desired- - of showing how vrery ridiculous and useless 5 its existence is-and if we ~have succeeded, Seven i fart, we will not regret our action in - the matter, nor the effect of momentary pas 1 siont which might naturally result, from it r -which wfe c~ould not withold without proving ourselves unfitted for the sphere of independent journalismi and ignoranttof the laws of common good breeding. ENGLAND is feeling the weakness of her extended and scattered empire, and from everywhere comes evidences of dissatisfac tion and revolt which to us seem the pre monitions of disintegration, and it is difficult to see how she will surmount the difficulties surrounding her. She has surmounted others apparently as great, in a way which is the glory of her history. But never have the conditions been so heavily against her, nor has she ever had to meet such a combination of unfortuitious circumstances as the present crises present. Not even in the dark hour of Austerlitz was her case so desperate, for she had millions of sympathizers on the Con tinent, and the connivance of every govern ment in Europe, except the French, and her success in the long struggle was due as much to the fighting qualities of her allies, as their organized existence was due to her staying qualities and money. Now she is isolated and her deciding weight in the balance of power in Europe, which she has held since Henry VIII., destroyed. Passive rebellion in Ire land only waiting for an opportunity to be come open and active, and this rebellion half supported by England's own population, who are suffering from a decadence of her in dustries, and a monopoly of her lands only a degree less oppressive than Ireland's own. Far off South Africa in arms, and shoot ing in cold blood the remnants of the little army spared by the deadly miasma. India, starving and wealthy, miserable and magnif icent, is praying for a day of deliverance and the Russian. British troops, leaving poverty stricken and warlike Afghans, whom it is not worth while to rob, and desolating the scien tific frontier won at terrible cost and good for nothing. Canada - quarrelling over a di vision of imperial subsidy which can hardly be afforded, but which must be paid as the purchasing factor of her own independence, which will fail to further influence when her moral strength is most needed. France, with no good will, will not trust to her again, re membering the days of hesitation of '71, and only just flow deserting her in her naval dem onstration on the unsavory Turk. Germany keeping one eye on France and one on Bo hemia, which Austria would willingly ex change for the position of leader of the southern Sclaves and still more Bulgarian ter ritory, to which Germany would be equally willing if it did not throw Italy into the arms of Russia. Russia pursuing her destiny in the Orient, conquering and civilizing the nomadic Tartar and freeing the oppressod Iranian. China waking up to a sense of dan ger and power, and looking a little to Eng land, but more to Germany for a helping hand. And the whole world getting ready for war, forced on by the irresistible pres sure of overcrowded pppulations and com mercial competition, which has lately grown so intense. England may be enabled to find a profita ble alliance among this heterogenous mass of conflicting interests, but it is difficult to see just where; for she has nothing to offer but a status quo, and this not any will take as the price of an alliance of certain slowness and questionable strength. America is destroy ing her old-time power-her productive inter ests, which at present are being rapidly con tracted into starving human beings--and the Continent is no longer dependent upon her to supply its~commercial and* financial deficien cies. She will not get France so long as she is opposed to Russia, for Russia is the only hope of France with hostile Germany and Austria watching her moment of weak ness, and Italy will not see anything but her two millions of 'ITyrolese under the Austrian yoke, which she must depend upon Russian strength or diplomacy ever to get. Ger many and Austria can do nothing but watch, and by diplomatic intrigue strengthen a Chinese sentiment of fear and hatred for Russian power, in which entanglement lies their strength as the arbitrators of Europe. The forces are unbalanced and the dream of Metternich of a perpetual equipoise of power changed to nothing by German and Italian development and the growth of ethinologicat sentiment. England's supremacy on the sea is reduced to a mere expression by the iron-clad and the torpedo, and not even peaceful America would permit her to close European ports again as in the days of 1806-15, and the day of bat tles on the Continent with nineteen millions of soldiers and railroads, must be fearfully .sharp and short, and English troops too scattered and English strength too slow to Srender her power an acceptable factor in -Continen'al combinations, as was demon Sstrated in her failure in the Schleswig-Holsteini x affair, in the crises of Sadowa and Sedan1 .and still later in Turkey, whereg she was al I most ignored in the calculations of Bismarck, ,Gortschakoff and Gambetta. A combina a tion with Russia or a hopeless Russo-Chinese Sentanglement are her only sure means of -safety; the former, the English people are r hardly ready to accept, though believed in e by Gladstone, and supported by the ultra y Liberal leaders; the latter among the possibil ,t ities of the future, but likely to be offset by a i- Russian combination in Asia of Persian, Af e ghan and Indian forces. -- Therefore, with herckommercial decadence, is her festering Irish ulcer and her own threat I, ened social revolution, her colonial entangle n menits, and the disaffection of her conquered e- races, whom she cannot assimilate, but it must suppress by the hand of power, and at which only weaken her, the future of Eng land looks gloomy and disheartening, ana the teeling of alarm which is expressed by her leaders for her future has the full measure of startling reality. THERE 1i a growing divergence perceptible in the Republican ranks between its Eastern and Westefn wings. This sentiment of an t tgonism has for years been growing stronger, and only the necessity of self preservation has prevented it from dividing into hopeless fac tions. There are widely differing political elements at the bottom of this tendency to wards sectionalism, and which must before long become too strong to be controlled by ordinary party ties. This feeling was mani fest in 1876, where, at Cincinnati, the combi nations for supremacy in the party took a bias of Eastern and Western sectionalism, and which finally resulted in a compromise which was a virtual victory for the latter sec tion, again, in the bitter struggle of Grant, supported heavily by Eastern influence, for supremacy in the Chicago Convention, creat ed a storm which was again reduced to a compromise, and again with a predominence of Western influence. There was a condition of apparent peace on the surface for awhile, but since the election there is a bitter under current of hostile feeling becoming more and more apparent, and the Grant forces are so violent in their denunciation of those who opposed and defeated them that they have aroused the opposition to a sense of danger, which threatens to culminate in drawing the lines on an East and West sectional issue. There are many indications that Western in fluence and policy will assert the supremacy it really holds, and the attitude of Garfield toward Conkling and others of the non-pro gressive and conservative element of the Re publican party, if the telegraph properly rep resents his assertions, indicates that he will favor that which was instrumental in his nomination. The Democratic party is affect ed by the same conditions, although, not be ing dominant, they are not so apparent. We believe that this growing sectional divergence between the agricultural interests of the West and the commercial interests of the East will finally result in complete antagon ism, and that it will assume a virulent form when the next financial cataclysm shall de stroy the present commercial balance of the country and place the great labor interests of the West in the condition of pauperism which they assumed after the disaster of '73. It is the fact that the West is poor, and composed principally of the working classes, while the East controls the capital, which in broad terms is simply the surplus of production, that is the real cause of the opposition of the two sections, and the povert3 -stricken condi tion condition of the South will only add vir ulency to the trouble when it comes. There is already a feeling of wide-spread alarm that the surplus labor and energy of the country is being tied up in a form which cannot be drawn from when it is required-as required it will be on the first succession of poor crops, or a cessation of foreign demand shall close the outlet for our products, and place them in the category of non-productive or wasted labor. A vast amount of our previous accu mulations and the labor of a million men is being siwallowed up in railroad and other en terprises which will not be available, so far as a product is concerned, in a quarter of a century, and should we happen to be in need of resources meanwhile, the result would be confusion and disaster. It is useless, however, to lament these possi bilities, as they are dependent upon condi tions beyond human control. Machinery and steam have enormously increased the pro ductive capasity of the world, and its power for consumption has not increased in any thing like the same ratio, and the difference has been drawn from the laboring classes, and found an outlet in non-producing ele ments, which in Europe is 191500,OOO soldiers, and in America is expressed by an army of tramps, and another engaged in what are termed "non-productive" enterprises. And notwithstanding this enormous difference, there is a constant increase in. production- a quantity which seems to be constantly in creasing in spite of the enormous destruction of property by war and the enforced idleness of milliona of men in the past seven yedrs. This stirplusage may be reduced to equilibri um either by destruction, as by war, or by inaction, or by a continuance in "non-pro ductive" enterprises. The first is the natural and nmost probable result, and is a natural consequenee of the seconds proposition, for inaction for any length of time is impossible, and this inaction is itself the result of "non productive" enterprises-another term for wasted labor. It is this wasted labor, and its financial equivalent that constitutes a~l that is oppressive in capital to labor; it is oppressive because it is false, and yet exacts its recognition in the way of tax and interest, and this oppression and its re sultant, resistance., in all there is in the mis understood expression of "capital against la bor," for there can be no conflict bebween forces which are neeessary for each other's existence. But this inevitable conflict must find some political expression, and it is evident to any one who will closely examine the undercur rent of affairs, that both in Europe and America there is a tenidency toward demo cratic centralization, and this tendency has found its freest and most decided expression here in the agricuiltural section of the West, Vand its resisting element in the debt-carrying East. And though the connection may ap I pear remote, the proximity of this conflict is -the underlying cause that is animating our politics to-day, and will be at the surface before it is half understood. The problem to be solved is to increase the consumption. of products by their more even distribution among the masses, but the manner of its solution is one of the mysteries that will re solve itself in its own good time. A FAVORABLE commercial treaty with China is a matter of a good deal of importance to the manufacturers of the United States. The commerce of this country with China has rapidly increased for some years past, and, while our exports thither of breadstuffs has been growing in importance to California, the trade in cotton goods and other manufac tures is important to the whole country. A single steamship from San Francisco this year, carried 1400 tons to China. They scarcely as yet know the use of wheaten flour, but every Chinaman who has lived in tuis country and returns home takes back with him the preference for bread over rice. TAILINGS. As it happens, Hancock's vote in Indiana, 225,522, reads the same backward and for ward. The Keely-Motor stockholders have had another annual meeting, and as usual declared by resolution that the machine is nearly per fected. "There's nothing like it," says the Omaha Republican, in our history except the conventions of the Democratic party, and their declarations, by resolution that the old machine is immortal. Poor Keely, in his ef fort to harness the enormous power of vibra tion is suffering the martyrdom of unproduc tive genius. Sometime he will succeed and then contempt will change into slavish adula tion. But 'tis the way of the world -only success meets approval. Mr. Talmage tells young men that if they will stay at home evenings and learn to play the flute, they will be safe from many temp tations. He forgets, however, says the Pica yune, that the young man living next door may be tempted to go in and kill the flute player. Does it follow now because one occupies the upper gallery of a theatre, that he moves in the highest circle ? Edison also is on the verge of success with his electric light, so he says, but in view of previous premises there will not result the previous disappointment in his failure. "Ought not Bazaine to have been shot," is still agitating circles in France who never forget and never learn. Schurz is the American Beaconsfield. As soon as he shall have retired from his minia ary, he will write a book. It is written in the journal of Mturat Hal stead as an answer to "The Nation's Qucry?: "Who is your coming Senator, Pray, tell me ii you can ? Ohio, answering, thunders forth: None else than JOHN'S HER MAN." To which, as metrical compliance with the probabilities, the Chicago Thnes adds : "I'one else than John's Her Man ? Now, surely yo a're'n impostor; It is not Sherman, you call Loi g, But jolly (Governor Foster,. What is the meaning of this strife betweem the rival canal-diggers, to which one partly, at least, is laboring to give a political aspect :? It looks very much like a strife between two rival confidence men over a "pigeon" which each is trying to deceive by false pretenses of doing him a service neither intends to per-~ form. The Holiday Herald. The Helena Weekly Hlerald has enlarged. to-* a. six column &vo, 32x42, the initial number coming to us this week in the holiday edition.. The ilotiday lieraid, with its.new and beauti ful heading, the new type,, excellent press. work, and the clean, symmetrical pages un marred by a single advertisement, but. blled with. interesting and instructive reading mat ter,. the production of some of Montana's most gifted and best knowz writers,cha~llenges admiration at a glance, and is, beyond doubt,. the handsomest paper ever printed in. the West. Among the most prominent article are "The Rights of Territories in the Elec tion. of President," by Hon. Henry N. Blake,. 'formerly Associate Justicse of the Supreme Court: "The Blackfoot Country,"~ by Hon. W. F. Sanders-an interesting sketch of part of the early history of our country;, "Fruit Growing in Montana,"~ by Fred. M. Wilson, the accomplished traveling correspondent of the lleiald; "Montana's Near Possibilities," by Rev. Geo. W. Frost; extracts from Gen. Brisbin's "Beef Bonanza" relating to our Territory: "Wickes"'-a description of the great smelting camp of Central Montana; a story by Lieut. John W. Hannay, founded on the experience of Bob Casey, the unfor Stunate mail carrier on the Benton and Helena r road, and educational articles from Hon. C. - Hedges and W. Egbert Smith. In addition I to these are literary contributions-prose and - poetry; valuable statistics and data relative to ' the commercial, agricultur~al anti mineral in i terests.of our country, etc. Taken altogether, ,the publishers of the Herald may well feel 0: proud of their last holiday number, and will '-doubtless .continue to receive the liberal sup .8 port heretofore extended, and which their Lr enterprise justly merits.