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BETWEEN THE GREEN CORN AND
THE GOLD. Between the green corn and the gold, Between the dawning and the noon, Love, that at first was pale and cold. Waxed ruddy with the summer moon; And hearts beat high, and lips grew bold, Between the green corn and the gold. The primrose, precious key of spring, Unlocked the casket of the year; The flowers flew torth on rainbow wing O'er hill and mead and mere, To woo the new year like the old. Between the green corn and the gold. Between the gold corn and the green, Between the midday and the dawn, The summer woods have lost their sheen, The flowers have withered on the lawn; And Love lies dead where Love hath been, Between the gold corn and the green. Love is not dead; he cannot die, Although his eyes be veiled with pain; The woods shall waken by and by, The flowers shall blossom once again; And we-shall we not wake, my Queen, Between the gold corn and the green ? THE EARTH AND THE SUN. Observations of Distance Made by As. tronomer Gill. Mr. Gill, who succeeded Mr. Stone last year in the direction of the Royal Observa tory at the Cape of Good Hope, has delivered an address at the annual meeting of the South African philosophical society at Cape Town on the determination of the earth's distance from the sun, which has been printed and circulated, and will be read with interest. In addition to a sketch of the previous history of determinations of the most important ele ment in the Solar system, he gives some par ticulars of his own observations of Mars at the Island of Ascension in the autumn of 1877. The method adopted in this determin ation was originally proposed by Sir George Airy, in 1857, and consisted in utilizing the rotation of the earth as the means of view ing the planet from two different stations by different observers. Thus the observations could all be made by the same observer, se curing, amongst other advantages, a greater probability of their being made in a similar manner. Mr. Gill had previously satisfied himself of the accuracy to be obtained in measuring the angular distance between two celestial objects by the heliometer, and ob tained from Lord Lindsay the loan of a very fine one, with which he was familiar, having used it in the transit of Venus expedition to Maurititius, and, being aided by a vote of money from the astronomical society, trans ported it to Ascenscion. With this the ob servations were accordingly made on twenty two corresponding mornings and evenings between July 31 and October 3 ; the separate results are fairly accordant, and the mean re sult in a solar equatorial horizontal parallax of 8,782 seconds, giving a distance of 93,070, 000 miles. The occasion was a very favor able one, Mars being in perihelion on August 21, a few weeks after the earth was in aphe lion, so that the determination is in every point entitled to considerable confidence. Mr. Gill looks forward to being able to make and utilize observations of some of the small planets at the Cape for the solar parallax. The stellar-like appearance offers advantages for this, notwithstanding their greater dis tance, and something has been already done mn this way on the proposition of Dr. Galle, of Breslau. This is chiefly noteworthy as an encouragement to undertake more complete and extended observations for the same pur pose. De XRusset's Letter to George Sand. During Alfred de Musset's intimacy with George Sand, says a Paris correspondent, they were momentarily separated; she had gone on a visit to Italy, he remained in Paris. One day (fitful were the 'poet's moods, for even then the bottle was his Castilian spring) while in the anguish, "to dote yet doubt, sus pect, yet fondly love," he wrote her a letter, full as his heart of suspicions, jealousy, tor ments. The letter mailed, he repented his violence, and would have given his right hand were the letter unwritten. He went to the post office. The mail had gone. He took a post-chaise and overtook the mail at Mar sailles. He went to the postmaster in Mar seilles. He was so pale, haggard, exhausted, the postmaster at once took pity on him. He told his business, confessed that he had writ ten a most vituperative letter to George Sand, bitterly regretted and wished to recall it. The postmaster had the pouch opened and took from it the letter. He said to Alfred de Musset: "Here is your letter. I know how painful it is to see a third party enter into such confidences, especially when you con fess that the violence of language indulged in the letter exceeds all bounds; but you must understand my position--1 cannot give you any other letter except a letter written by you: I am obliged to open it and see if your statements of the contents and the contents themselves agree; please recall your expres sions and repeat them." Alfred de Musset buried his head in his hands and tried to re call thecruel iWords. i1Thepostmaster went on tosay: "We all know that anger can madden a man; summon your expressions and repeat to me without mibrtification the beginning and the ending of your letter-that. is all I ask before restoring the letter to you." In vain de Mussetstruggled to recall - uv ha lie had written. Thetorture:he had endured,' the thirty-six hours spent fasting and sleep-: less in the post-chaise had driven every word from him. At last, howeveri, certainty of re trieving .is folly and rllief from the mental: opresion he:had endured brou-bght on a rea.c tion. He said, in deep, tragic tones: "I re member all now.. I began the letter : 'My darling love,'- and I ended it, 'Devotedly yours till death.'" The postmaster gave it to Alfred de Musset, but laughed heartily as he did so, laughter in which Alfred de Musset c'ould not help joining when he saw his "vio lenit expressions" _were only billing and coo ing. Tne .uoy Lincoln. Lincoln's early youth was spent in Spencer county, Ind., above Rockport, a beautiful little city crowning the abrupt cliffs which frown over the Ohio river. He was faithful and industrious, but there was in him a latent indolence which made him fond of taking his rod to fish, ,or, with his gun upon his shoulder, he would roam in search of game over the long, low hills bursting with red clay. There are living at present several old citizens who knew Lincoln well at that time. He was thoughtful, and his solitary expedi tions gave him plenty of opportunity to in dulge his meditative facilities. The long, lank legs, under an awkward body; his homely face upon which the prominent nose stood like a handle ; his long hair dangling upon his shoulders, bring up instantly the picture of Ichabod Crane in the twilight steal ing over the hills of Sleepy Hollow to pay his court t6 Frauelein Katrina Von Tassal. The embryo statesman was full of spirits and fond of mad pranks. .One old gentle man in Rockport lives to tell of the last time he saw Lincoln. He was visiting the Lin coln homestead and as he was coming away they found a trespassing cow hanging about the gate. The cow had given the Lincolns much annoyance by entering their garden and committing depredations. Young Abe was dressed in a suit of jeans, without any coat, and on his head he wore a broad-brim med white straw hat, part of which was cracked and broken. Finding the cow standing hypocritically meek at the gate, Abe leaped astride of her back, and digging his bare heels into her sides, the astonished animal broke away down the road into a lumbering gallop. "The last I saw of Abe Lincoln," the old gentleman relates fondly, "he was swingingfhis hat, shouting at the top of his voice and galloping down the road on that thunderstruck cow." In the old country church near Lincoln place is a pulpit which was made by Abe Lincoln and his father. There is a book-case in the Evansville Custom House made by the same carpenters and taken there for preser vation. Near where the old house stood is a dilapidated corn crib with rail floor, the rails for which were split by young Lincoln. Last fall a monument was raised over Nancy Lin coln's grave through the efforts of General Veatch, of Rockport. It is a plain slab with a plain inscription. How Love can Live in a Cottage. A Japanese laborer lives in a house of not more than four rooms; one for eating, sleep ing and sitting; one for cooking, one for bathing and one to spare. He never wears boots nor brings mud into the house. He and his family sit on the floor when they eat and take their meals at a low table. The floor of their dining and sitting room is cov ered with clean, soft mats, upon which at night cotton comforters are spread to sleep under. Such a house can be built and fur nished for $100, and though cheap and small is comfortable. The bath, found in almost all laborers' houses, is in daily use. The Englisha Chartreuse. The Carthusian monastery, which covers ten acres of ground, and which has been in course of construction for the last four years in Sussex, gives promise of early completion. The original building bought by the order is a gaunt flint house, suggestive of a lunatic asylum, and here some eight or nine brothers reside, who have been told off from the Grand Chartreuse to superintend the works. The entrance-hall does temporary duty as a chapel and has already acquired the air-or, rather, want of air-indispensible to sanctity. Wax figures of St. Bruno, St. John the Baptist, and St. Hugo of Lincoln (to whom the new monastery will be dedicated,) preside over the several altars. The mQnks wear long, cassocks of thick white flannel, with hoods drawn over their clean-shaven heads. They take the usual vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, and observe the rules of silence and solitude. The lay brothers have cells, but the brother proper, who has given over his substance to the order, and ranks in the world which he has renounced as a "gentle man," enjoys a solitary abode consisting of two small rooms ivith cellars below. The entrance-doors open frbm the cloisters, and by the side of each hangs a primitive bel! rope, which is rung every two hours of the night to call the monks to midnight matins. The windows, which are on the outside of the cloistered squares, overlook an expanse of country too inviting not to diaw a human sigh from even the most pious breast. Be yond their own nine hundred acres of land their footsteps must never wtnranderand under the :S~usse~x sod rtheir bodies mUst remain. There is pIositively nothing to relieve the mo notony i f their austere existence-no politics no schools like the Jesuits, no comfortable food; ;the one meal a day, which is served at ·108 a. ., cosisting otf vevgetable:r soup and bread., wit thin: wine or, perhaps, in this C suntry, beer, the only approach to flesh be ig the moor-fowl, which is generally allowed on mnigre days in Catholic countries. Part strageor; sand through this door tthey hope ....................... . . , . , . ..... r . .. . .. - ·- , ... . h , | and expect to gain converts. :Next year we shall hear of a grand opening ceremony, af ter which it will be closed upon some three or four hundred souls and against all further inspection, official or otherwise. All this asceticism within a pleasant drive of festive Brighton and within an hour by rail of wick ed, gay London. 'I - :-" -7,. ,.-.D---------- QUIEN SABE. A German has invented a vulcanized in dia-rubber pad which can be slipped in be tween the shoe and the foot when the horse is in use, and readily removed when the animal is stabled. A set costs half a crown, lasts six months and protects the animal from becoming lame on hard roads or by stepping on nails. An inventor thinks he has solved the prob lem of propelling boats in canals and rivers by means of ejecting water from the boat. Unlike his predecessors, he makes use not of a large pipe, but of a great number of tubes with very small outlets. Although he had examined over one hun dred hearts of children and grown up peo ple, Dr. Langlier discovered blood vessels in the heart-valves in only one case, that of a woman of sixty, in whom they were evident ly the result of a pathological process. Some time.ago the veteran French chemist M. Dumas, showed that silver when in a molten condition could take oxygen in considerable quantity, and could retain that gas even after solidification for a very long period, and, perhaps, indefinitely. He has since discovered that when aluminum is heat ed in a porcelain vessel up to a melting point of copper or silver and a vacuum is preserved in the vessel, a volume of almost pure hydrogen nearly equal in bulk to the metal will be obtained. When magnesium is heated in vacuum in the same way it yields a gas one and one-half times its own volume, mostly hydrogen, also, but with the addition of a variable quantity of the oxides of car bon. M. Dumas observed during his experi ments with magnesium that it had been vola tized and deposited in crystals very bright and silvery and ot the form of rhombohedra. aA new theory of earthquakes has been ad vanced by Dr. Novak. He considers that be sides the rotation of the earth on its axis, and its revolution around the sun, a multiplicity of motions of the earth appear in space, in virtue of which the earth's axis and the equa tor shift their positions. This causes a vari ation of the forces influencing the earth's form, and the earth has the tendency to adapt itself to this change. He also considers a change of form of the earth to occur through the shifting of the poles and the equator, and this may have effect some time afterward where the earth's crust is weak. 0 "Eagle Bird" Saloon. M[ain Street, opp.Court House, Ut. Benton, Wines, Liqluors and rCgars O 4 S6 attntieaiter. r~aJdt CHARLES BRYER'S I BARBER SHOP, FRONT STREET, FORT BENTON, MONTANA . Shaving, Hair Cutting, Shampooing a And all work in the tonsorial line, done in a neat and satisfactory manner. THE CHOP HOUSE, FRONT STREET, Fort Benton, - Montana. JAMES DOUGLAS and MATTIE MAY DOUGLAS, PROPRIETORS. A First-Class Restaurant, where Excellent Meals are served at any hour of the day. Overland Billiard Parlor Next to Overland H:tel. WINES, LIQUORS & CIGARS OF THE BEST BRANDS. All Drinks in Season. W17i. PRESTON. LEE ISABELL, Break o' Day Saloon. tIA IN N~TR EET. Just received, a choice stock of: FINE KENTUCKY WHISKIES And Imported Wines Acl SING, Benton Wash House, COR. MAIN AND ST. JOHN STREETS. WASHING AND IRONING Done with neatness and dispatch. FAIVMLLY WASHING SOLICITED. C. M. LANNING, -DEALER IN atches, Clocks, Jewelry ST. JOHN ST'REET, Fort Benton, Montana. General Repairer of Watches, Clocks, Guns, Pistols, Sewing Machines, Etc. All kinds of work done in a workmanlike manner. ORDERS BY MATL PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO N. H. WEBSTER, -----Wholesale and Retail deale in-----. Tobaccos and Cigars, SNUFF, PIPES, SMOKERS' ARTICLES, Confectionery, Fruits and Ammunition. Main St., opp, First Nat. Bank, HELENA, - .. - IIRONTANA. Fine Cut Chewing and Vanity Fair Smoking Tobacoos, SAMPLES BROS. Meat Market, FRONT STREET, Fort Benton, Montana. M EATS OF ALL KINDS IN SEASON. We have bought a winter's supply of the very best Beef Cattie, ma condition so good that it insures the best of· meat diuring the winter and spring. SAMPLES BROS. Fort Benton, "- Montana. EXCAVATIONS. I GEO. FARM~LER Proprietor. This popular Sample Room is stocked with the finest kinds of Wines, Liquors & Cigars. None but the Purest Whiskies sold over the Bar. THE "EUREKA" SALOON BRENNAN & FISHER, J. C. BOURASSA, Exchange Saloon FT. BENION, - 1ON TA I'A. This popular saloon is kept in first-class style, and has constantly on hand a choice assortment of WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS, OF THE VERY BEST BRANDS. THE "COS mOPOLIT A" Next door to the Jungle, FRONT ST., FORT BEL'TON. CONWAY & McCABE, PROPRIETORS. We aim to keep our Bar stocked with the best assort ment of imported Wines and Brandies, and most cordially invite our friends to call and sample our goods. Old Kentuicky Bourton Whistey, And a choice lot of IMPORTED and DOMESTIC OIGARS. NOW ON HAND. THE EXTRADITION SALOON, Wres, Liquors adA Ciars. We keep in stock and havc now n uani1 a lanr quan tity of the celebratc& Hermitage Sour lash. And have also [just received a leavy shipment of the famous NABOB CICARS, In connection with the other features of this Popular Resort, We have instituted a PRIVATE CLUB ROOM, And will take extra pains to serve the public who may call on us. J. H. EVANS & CO., Prop'rs. AUGUST C. BECKMAN, Manufacturer and Dealer in HARNESS and SADDLES BRIDLES, Whips, Spurs, Etc. The Best Stock always used. Good Workmanship, and Satisfaction Guaranteed. My Harness and Saddles are all made at home. REPAIRING NEATLY DONE FO1 THE LEAST MONEY IN TOWN. Garriag Trimmin & Uliholtering DONE IF REQUIRED. A large stock of the Celebrated MILLS, LEAK & CO.'S GLOVES Always on hand. STORER & STORER, Brickmakers -AND- CONTRACTORS. Will Contract for the Erection of Brick or Frame Buildings. YARD BACK OF THE BUTTE, FORT BENTON, MONTANA. BRICK ALWAYS ON HAND, AT REA O0NABLE PRICES.