Newspaper Page Text
Vol, I, Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, February 16, 1881. No1 17.
WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS, PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS. Terms,.........................$5.00 per Year. RATES OF ADVERTISING: One Column, 1 year ... ........................$175 6 months .......................... 100 " " ........................... . 75 Haif Column, 1 year............................ 100 6 months .......................... 75 3 " .................... . 40 One-Third Column, 1 year........................ 80 6 months .................... 40 3 months .................. 30 Quarter Column, 1 year ........................... 75 " 6 months ... .................. 40 4" 3 months .................... 30 Three inches, 1 year ............................ 50 6 months ......................... 35 3 months........................ 25 Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year ............... 15 Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office. OFFICIAL DIRETU'ORY OF MIONTANA DELEGATE IN CONGRESS. Hon. MARTIN MAGINNIS, Helena. Office. Name. Residence. Governor......... BENJ. F. POTTS,..........Helena. secretary...........JAS. H. MILLS......Deer Lodge. Chief Just'ce.. ..D. S. WADE..............Helena. Eo. J. CONGER,..... Viriima City .t ict . GALBRAITH, Deer Lodane U. S. 'District Attorney, J. L. DRYDEN....... Helena `U. S. M hr~Jh.1, ALEX. C. BOTKIN............ " Su"rveyor General. .R. H. MASON.........Helena. lRe.iiter Land Office, JAS. H. MOE........... Receiver Land Office, F. P. STERLING...... (ol ecor Inte-rnal Revenue, T. P. FULLER... Cukct.c or Cuitoma, T. A. CUMMII4GS....... Benton. DrSTRICT ATTORNEYS AND CLEEK., First District, F. K. AR[MSTRONG........ Bozeman Second District, ALEX. H. M AYHEW.... Deer Lodge. Tlird Di.trict, T. J. LOWRY............... Helena. Clerk 1st Dist. Court, THEO. MUFFLY.Virginia City. Clerk 2d dist. co'rt, GEO. W. IRVINE, 2d, Deer Lodge Clerk 3d Dist. Court, ALEX. H. BEATTIE.... Helena. UNITED STATES ASSAY OFFICE. Assahver. RUSSEL B. HARRISON ............Helena Melter, M.. A. MEYENDORFF ............ Helens. TERRITORIAL OFFICERS. Auditor, JOSEPH P. WOOLMAN .............Helena. Treasurer. D. H. WESTON ................Helena Warden of Penitentiary. W. W. BOTKIN, Deer Lodge Sup't Public Schools, W. EGBERT SMITH.... Butte. Supreme Court Reporter, C. HEDGES... ....Helena. Clerk Supreme Court, ISAAC R. ALDEN...... Helena. UNITED STATES EXAMINING SURGEON. W. R. BULLARD ...... ..... ............ Helena BOZEMAN LAND DISTRICT. Register, DAVIS WILLSON ................ Bozeman Receiver, J. V. BOGERT .................Bozeman H. P. ROLFE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, (Associated with Sanders & Cullen.) U. S. Deputy 1Mineral Surveyor. Ten yeare' experience in goernment surveying. The best instruments used. Coliections, insurance min'ng, homestead and all land claims attended to. OFFICE, NEAR WETZEL'S, FR ONT7 STREEjT, FORIT BENTt7N. JOHN W. TATTAN, ATTORN EY ald COUNSELOR AT LAW Ofice of the County Clerk, FORT BENTON, - - - MONTANA. J, A. aKANOUSE, Attorney and Counselor at Law, FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA. NOTARY PUBLIC and JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. Main St., bet. Baker and St. John. JOHN W, DEWEY, Civil Engineer ARCHITECT, -AND United States Dep. lMineral Surveyor BEN'T'ON,. - I0I N"TANA. METROPOLITAN HOTEL, CORNER MAIN AND GRAND STS., HELENA, LIn. T. IZImmer & Wolpert, Prop'~r8. NEW, NEAT AND FIRST-0LASS. Board by the Week.......................... $6 00 Three Meal Tickets ... ...................1 00 Lodging............................. . . ... 50 Firsrt-Class Beds. A bar in connection with the house, where fine wines, liquors and cigars are kept. The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited. PALACE PARLORS Front Street, Fort Benton. -: THE - Finest Tonsorial Parlors IN THE NORTHRWEST. S ILTl I& SPALDING, Propraetors. Messrs. Smith & Spalding respectfully inform the citizens of Ienton that they have recent y bought out Mr. Win. Foster, and assure the public a continuation of the uniform skill and courteous attention which is familiar to the babitues of the place. Hot and Cold BSaths. LESTER'S CLUB ROOMS Main Street, Fort Benton. ST. LOUIS BEEH, Wines, Liquors & Cigars THE SULTANA CIGAR, All in full lines, and served in the very best style. "THE ELITE" Corner Front and Benton Sts. FORT BENTON, - 1IONTANA. A CHOICE LOT OF Whiskies, Wines ;and Cigars ALWAYS ON HAND. L. T, MARSHALL, Proprietor, TheElite is the most popular resort in the upper part of town. Drop nm and hanve a friendly chat with Marlhll. CENTRE YARKET, FRONT STREET, Fort Benton, M. T. Beef, Mutton1 Pork, Fish1 GAME AND ICE. JOHN J. KENNEDY, Propr'tor. I will purchaes Beef and Stock Cattle, and am pre pared to deliver them on board of steamboats at Fort Benton, or at any other point on the Missouri river, either by the head or gross weight, at lowest rates. THE RESTAURANT. YARD & FLANAGAN, Proprietors. BOARD BY THE WEEK, $6. Having one of the best of coolks, and under the super vision of Mr. Yard, and buying the very best the market affords, we can insure to the pub lic entire satisfaction. 1IEALS AT ALL HOURS& OF TIf E DAY OR NIGHT. POLITE AND ATTENTIVE WATTERS. We pay the top prices for Game, Poultry, and country produce. New Rules. The rules presented by the Speaker in the House of Commons to govern the conduct of urgent business provide that when, in the opinion of the Speaker, it is the general sense of the House that any debate should close, he is empowered to inform the House of his opinion, whereupon a motion may be made that the question be now put. Such motion shall be at once put, and if carried be a vote of three to one, then a division on the main question shall be immediately taken. Otherrulesare: That speeches on motions for adjournment of the debate shall be con fined strictly to the subject of adjournment; that the Speaker may decline to put motions for adjournment if he considers they are pro posed for the purpose of obstruction; that no member can move or support a motion for adjournment more than once at a debate. The Speaker may direct any member to dis continue his speech if irrelevant or consist ing of tedious repetitions. No discussion shall be taken on a motion that the Speaker do leave the chair. The Speaker may order a division by rising and sitting, avoiding the delay of the present system. [ Whittaker Court flartial. NIEW YORK, February 10.-In the Whit taker court martial to-day, Lieut. Walter M. Dickinson, on duty when Whittaker was found tied, gave in detail the action taken by the officers of the post. Witness said that if he had a comb and a pair of scissors he could have cut his own hair in the same man ner in which Whittaker's was clipped. He believed Whittaker did the act himself. The judge advocate desired to offer the evidence before the court of inquiry by Whit taker, but Governor Chamberlain objected on the ground that the admission of such evi dence would be detrimental to his client, and contrary to army regulations. Pending the argument the court adjourned. An Inandation Averted. CISELANvD. February 10;.-A disastrous inundation threatened ..ebut wS aerted by firing a shell froni a cannon :into the ice gorge and breaking it up.: THE THIRD HOUSE. By Which is not Meant the Lobby, but W. S. Wetzel, The firm of W. S. Wetzel & Co., as it was termed until a few months ago, but now con troled alone by Mr. Wetzal, was the third to establish itself in Benton. Mr. Wetzel came to Montana in 1866, and has been identified with the fortunes of this town almost ex :lu sively since that date. He is, perhaps, the most notable instance among our business men of what a man can accomplish without other capital than a keen business insight and perseverance and pluck, and the history of this house, in its varied, but finally success ful fortunes, is an interesting chapter in the history of the town. It was in 1868 that Mr. Wetzel opened in business here, with a smallistock of general merchandise, consisting, in iAhe main, of the goods required in the Indian and fur trade, which at that date was the almost exclusive resource of the merchants hereabouts. He t intiauedl alone in the business for twoyears, and during that time had made considerable headway, but not without incurring the je?! ousy and liosti4e competition from the houses which had.been previously established. The way of the new house was not easy, for its rivals, knowing of its then somewhat weak condition, adopted a&policy towards it which all but accomplished its overthrow. Several episodes occurred in this connection which would make interesting reading, but "old timers" know all about them, and the new-comers care little for the recital of pri vate business rivalries which time has almost obliterated, and over which the principal ac tors have long ago smoked he pipe of peace and pledged eternal friendship over and over again with old wines both red and pale. 'Tis only the way of the world, these business - strivings, and no one should find fault with them either, for it is by th ceaseless rubbing of diamond against diamond that the polished stone is cut from lusterless. -crudeness. It was in 1870 that Mr.-J. D. Weatherwax became associated with Mr. Wetzel in the business, since which tire a smile that is childlike and bland has haunted the marts of Benton, and many of the ways that are dark which have several times haunted the dreams of the trader have been illumined by his honest countenance. And several times, by some peculiar and unlooked-for move, he has shown them that sCme <: may be done as well as others. Perhaps it would be difficult to find a team better matched for the elements of business - success that the Messrs. Wetzel and Weather wax, for if it were possible to find harder conditions to make success than have been met by these gentlemen, we have not heard of them. At this time it was all up-hill work, and capital limited, and it required a great , amount of "sand" to keep afloat. Buffalo * were the staple, and required cash or its equivalent in goods, for Indians did not un derstand the credit business. Sometimes 3 they would accept tickets in lieu of goods f which were a check on the firm for a given a amount in the future, but usually they came a from great distances, and such a medium of ,exchange was useless to them when away B from the immediate vicinity of the town. a Business grew, and their operations ex a tended consideral ly to the north, which was e an inviting field for the class of trade they a were engaged in, and the firm grew in favor as it became known for the honorable and B straightforward management which has - raised it to a front rank among the business ; enterprises of Montana. There was little of 5 change to note until 1875, when the fur and - robe trade began to decline, and they were obliged, like the others, to change their ways r to meet conditions which were irresistibly changing the face of the country and which - can never return. The buffalo and the In - dian were going, and must soon disappear a altogether. r So the robe business was gradually drop r ped, and trade was developed among the Swhites, who were coming in. Considerable of this trade was in wholesale lots, to small itinerant traders, and the rest was divided among freighters, miners, and stock men. Since the country began to develop the - business has rapidly grown and at present is the most perfect retail establishment in this section, and perhaps the most profitable. It has done much for the town, and none have shown more public spirit and faith in its fu ture. Their wholesale business has also grown into good proportions, and in addition they do a considerable storage and forwarding business, which has grown and will expand as the business by the river increases. Mr,. Weatherwax continued with the firm until April 1880, when he withdrew, and has Ssince been teaching the short horn how to grow, and developing hisenergies on a fine ranch, and taking a hand in politics, and, in fact, making himself generally useful. The business is now carried on by W. 8. Wetzel alone. IThere are no branches to the house, all being concentrated here, and which makes it more :profitable and more easily managed than where they: are scattered over a wide extent of territory, and in the hands of agents i who, however thorough, cannot give that service to business which they could if it were concentrated. It is the only exclusively Benton house doing business in wholesale lines. Last year their sales amounted to $150,000, and the shipments for their trade alone t amounted to 250 tons-a- showing of which Mr. Wetzel has reason to be proud, when it is considered that he began with nothing and worked against such obstacles as were thrown in his way in the early years of his business life. The firm have bought, sold and improved more real estate than any firm in Benton, and besides store Pbuildings and warehouses for their own occupancy, they have several stores, warehouses and dwellings which they rent. They are wholesale and retail dealers in groceries, dry goods, clothing, liquors, hardware, etc., and the fancy grocery depart ment, especially, is the finest in this section of the Territory. All of this buriness, property and prosper ity is glue to close attention to a legitimate business, and an untarnished reputation for promptness and square dealing. NOTES OF NEWS, Over 18,000 cattle have been lost by floods in the province of Seville. Conkling begins to evince a disposition to be friendly with the personal friends of Gar field. The expenditures on the Brooklyn bridge since its commencement have been over $12, 000,000. Mr. Loveland has been superseded as President of the Colorado Central by Sidney Dillon. Floods are reported in Southern Illinois. Bridges have been destroyed and other dam age done. The stalwarts of late make no complaint about Blaine's probable power in the new Administration. The distress is so great among the Ural tribes that they are selling male children for grain, and leaving girls to perish. Mr. Vennor denies that he ever said a word about eleven feet of snow, and adds that "nobody but a fool would predict the amount of snow to fall on a given date." The North German Gazette makes a vio lent attack on Gambetta, accusing him of at tempting to drag France into a warlike policy. A resolution has been passed declaring that in view of the importance of securing the sympathy of the Americans and of the Irish in America, Parnell be requested to proceed immediately to America. A Sioux, who followed Sitting Bull across the line, says the latter is now safe at Woody Mountain with 300 persons. That part of the country has no buffalo, and starvation awaits the hostiles. William F. Dalrymple, of the famous grain farm in Dakota, says that the clear profit for 1880 was over $250,000. Hle raised more than 500,000 bushels of wheat on 24,000 acres, and sold it in Buffalo at a profit of fif ty cents per bushel. Dispatches from Boise City, Idaho, say that the rains this season have been frequent and heavy in that country, but the weather has now cleared up. The bridges on all the stage roads have been washed away and much damage has been done to the valley lands. Major Ilges sent companies A and C, 5th Infantry, over to the Yanktonnais' camp and picked up 100 hostile Sioux, who were sub sisting on agency rations, making a total cap ture or surrender of 900. Ilges expects to reach Buford by Sunday evening. Col. Gair says that of all the cities he has ever visited, Carson is the only one that can beat Constantinople for dogs. Dogs are so thick on Carson streets that they obstruct the sidewalk, and at night one cannot turn a cor ner on the back streets without being assailed by the yelps of a pack of curs. A democratic banquet commemorating the proclamation of the Republic in 1873 was held at Madrid, February 11. No attempt was made to interrupt the banquet until a rev olutionary toast was proposed, whereupon a Government commissary requested the guests to disperse. Two arrests were made. Archibald & Schurneir's linseed old works, at St. Paul, Eebruary 10, were burned, the loss amounting to $20,000. Supt. John Muir and a laborer were killed by theterrific ex plosion caused by the fire. The loss on the building, destroyed by this fire and explosion, will amount to $18,000 and on the stock nearly $100,000. Insurance $20,000. The New Orlean's special says: The dam age caused by the storm of February 10th, along the Mississippi Sound, from Pascagou la to St. Louis Bay, will amount to $100;000. The portions of this city which are inundated cover about five square miles and contain probably 50,000 inhabitants. In many places the water is three or four feet deep, and in 1 low, one-story houses: everyth..ing is washed i out,. The water in the blake is iowring, and i by morning will doubtless be receding at all points. The steamship Great Eastern, launched in November, 1856, has it is said, cost to date $25,000,000, and has not paid one quarter of that sum to her owners, and she has gained such a name for ill-luck that sailors refuse to ship in her. The only paying scheme she was ever in was the laying of the Atlantic cable in 1804. Brunel, her planner, is long since dead. Blair introduced into the Senate a joint resolution proposing an amendment to the Constitution. It prohibits after 1900 the manufacture or sale anywhere within the United States distilled alcohol and intoxicat ing liquors, or any intoxicating liquors mixed or adulterated with ardent spirits, by any person whatever except for 'medicinal, me chanical, chemical, and scientific purposes. A terrible and fatal accident occurred ten miles northwest of Owenco, on the evening of the 9th inst. A construction train on the Ohio and Missouti railroad was backing to wards Oweno at the rate of about twelve miles an hour, in order to give the passenger train free passage northwest. The workmen. on the train had been laying new rails and taking up the old ones, and Ltad a fiat car full of iron just in front of the caboose. Twenty five or thirty workmen were crowded into the caboose. The passenger train was coming at unusual speed in order to make up lost time and the two collided with a fearful shock. The engine of the passenger train tore through the caboose, pushing its occupants among the masses of iron on the flat car, killing three outright. THE IRISH TROUBLES. Important Documents Said to Have Been Intercepted-Parnell. NEW YORK, February 12.-The World's London special says: It is now asserted that last night's rumor of the arrest of Parnell, though not founded on fact, is believed to have its origin in the announcement that when the aims and purposes of the Land League r were made public the leading members would probably be arrested. It was also said that I publicity would soon be given to all the se t crets of the Land League. In consequence of t this, London is again agitated with the wild est rumors, and even though the December expectation of a bloody Christmas was hap pily disappointed, the prophets are again pre dicting an active and sanguinary conflict. The story now current is that the govern ment has intercepted Land League corres pondence and opened many of its letters. In political circles there is intense excite ment and it is freely asserted that schemes fraught with the greatest danger to the peace of the country have been discovered. A most important document is said to have been found in the possession of Michael Davitt Sjust before he was arrested in Dublin, and which it is now asserted led to the cancella tion of his ticket-of-leave and subsequent 1 commitment to Portland prison. This docu ment, acccording to rumor, criminates some Sof the most prominent persons in the present agitation, and politicians say that Parnell exhibits his sense of its importance to the government by his remaining in Paris, where he is to be joined by Dillon to-mor row. A meeting of the leaders of the League is Sto be held in this city next Monday, after which, it is understood, Parnell will sail di Srect from France to the United States. Dillon, speaking at Manchester, said that if Englishmen did not quickly change their temper toward the Irish, they-the Irish would indeed be dogs and slaves if they did not long for the day when they could join the SUnited States. He said that within a month Parnell would stand in Congress at Washing ton, an honored and welcome spokesman of Stheir wrongs. , Smypathy For Ireland. BOSTOi, February 11.-Faneuil Hall was crowded to its utmost capacity to-night, to lexpress sympathy with Ireland. Mayor Prince presided. Wendell Phillips and Gen. t Butler were among the speakers, and advo cated giving moral and financial support to | the people of Ireland in their present strug gle. Gov. Long in a letter expressed sym pathy for the cause of the Irish people so long as they seek within constitutional lines and the legitimste methods to secure their political and social welfare. Letters were also received from Governor Rice and others. Resolutions were passed calling upon the people of Ireland to hold up to their purposes of reform and allow noth ng to drive them to violence for which they are not prepared. worthless. HALIAX, February 10.-Professor ,Hind said that from 1871, just after the treaty of Washingtonwas sigaed, to 1877, when the award of the Halifax commission was made, the Canadian trade returns were not worth the paper they were prited on. They are deludng, insulting, vile and criminally false.