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THE RIVER PRESS
Wednesday, February 16, 1881. II. C. WILLIAMS, - - - - - - - EDITOR RTHE House Committee on War Claims de cided to report adversely upon Representative Hunton's bill, to provide for the settlement of the unpaid claims of those officers in the line of the revolutionary army who served to the close of the war for independence and were so returned on the books of the Treasu ry. The bill if adopted would have involved the payment of several millions of dollars. THE British seem to be meeting with more resistance than was anticipated from the Boers, who seem to be actively organizing on the best received European plan of warfare. They are also inviting the natives to rise, which, should they accomplish, will place a different aspect upon the whole war, and will render their conquest difficult, if not impos sible. THE Board of County Commissioners, at its last meeting, decided to begin the work of draining the town at once. They have acted wisely, for nothing was more needed than a series of drains which. would carry off the great quantity of water which every wet season brings down on us from the adjacent hills. We are glad to note the energy dis played by the board in the matter of town improvement, and hope it will be continued. WE hope the suggestion of Commissioner Weatherwax that the Sun River bridge be bought and owned by the counties of Cho teau and Lewis and Clarke, will be concur ed in by the Commissioners of the latter. The Helena road is one of the great thor oughfares of the Territory, and the ex pense of keeping it up should be borne by the counties, and not thrown upon those who are unfortunate enough to have a carrying business. WITHOUT wishing to our neighbors any ad- 1 ditional trouble from the disgruntled elements, we can but find comfort in the reflection that, after all, Montana will not suffer so great a loss as the most of her sister .States ( and Territories. The destruction of cattle in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming and t Colorado, and the cheering intelligence which I reaches us from various parts of this Terri- I tory, indicates that our loss will directly be t much less, while from the losses of our neigh bors we may expect such a rise in the valua- ' tion of stock that our own losses will be reim- s bursed. THE deadlock in the Pennsylvania Legis lature over the selection of a Senator still con tinues, although both Grow and Oliver have withdrawn. Wallace still retains his 86 ad herents, while the Republicans are as yet hopelessly divided. But the Cameron ring though devoted is likely to be defeated, and the whole power of the administration will be brought to bear upon it to its defeat. There is not much to hope for Cameron's men unless the Democrats should be won over to their support, and so far the spirit of resistance seems to be free against them. But the Pennsylvania Legislature has long been noted for its utter obsequiousness to the Camerons and has too often proved its ob liquity in the matter of bribery for an attempt to redeem itself to be regarded with more than a hope. THE Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus are all nearing their perihelion points, and if the prophets, necromancers, soothsayers, meterologists and pyramid ex pounders are to be relied on, the year 1881 in its terrible cataclysms will amply compen sate for the quietude of the year just com pleted, if it do not fly off into space, fall into the sun, or burst into a thousand pieces like the asteroids, and go to the demnition bow wows generally. What the relation between perihelion and pestilence is, nobody knows, but science has been trying to explain it by attributing the malevolent influence to a dis turbance of magnetic equilibrium, a species of circulation which is believed to exist between the sun and its numerous offspring, the plan ets. There are more things 'twixt heaven and earth than are dreamt of in our philos ophy, and did not the astrologists old have some foundation for their occult science in a sequence of causes too remote to be un derstood ? We will never know whether the science was simply the result of observation that in certain positions of the planets there was exhibited a series of favorable or unfa vorable influences, or whether it was a gro tesque distortion of an exact science, evolved, perhaps, from the brains of Chaldean philos ophers some ages before and lost. Anyway, there is a connection, and somehow an ini crease of energy of some kind, that affects the solar system. The winter of Mars has been exceptionally severe, the snow coming down much closer to its equator than usual, and probably ctusing sad havoc with Martial stockmen and fruit-growers, who doubtless would take their misfortunes with more com posure if they were aware of the situation in Montana. Jupiter has some bright, incan descent spots, apparently islands of fire on its red hot surface, while Saturn is still in agony over the loss of one of his rings, which not long ago fell down on 'him. As for us, perihelion or no perihelion, we will all sgree that we are having a series of at iospheric disturbances that is satisfactory o-nly inxithe phssibility we may enjoy of tell uing otir grandchildrenfmpossible cold weab.h er yarns and blood-curdling stories of Sat u- nine disasters T. C. POWER made a proposition to the P Legislature last week that it put a boat on the Missouri above the falls and maintain it for several years, in which he would himself take a good interest. It is not to be expect ed of this Legislature that it will adopt this measure, notwithstanding its urgency and importance to the interests of Central Montana, for the session is drawing to a close, and the conflict caused by local jealousies, together with the prejudice which exists against subsidizing anything, no matter how beneficent the object, will probably cause it to be laid on the table, or under it, if it should be so fortunate as to be favorably re ported from the committee. The Commo dore proposes to place upon the river above the falls a boat 157 feet long, 26 feet wide, and 3 feet deep, with all the necessary appa ratus, warehouses, etc., for which the Terri tory is to give him $30,000. We consider this a very modest sum for a venture which requires so much to be done before any profit can be obtained, and which requires so much experience to successfully inaugurate. There is no necessity to recapitulate the advantage to the entire Territory which this scheme presents, nor to its feasability, for Mr. Power, more than any man in Montana, is the man whose judgment is the most reliable, and who is the most competent to manage the en terprise. It will save thousands of dollars annually to the Territory, and assist in its de velopment to a degree which is incomparably greater than the pittance which is asked for its furtherance. We can only "hope for its favorable consideration. IT appears that the so-called secret corres pondence between the Ameer of Afghanistan and Russia, which England claimed was the cause of the destruction of Major Cavagnari and his escort and the British invasion was a a mistake which was owing to a misunder standing of the words "friendship" and "al liance." If it was a mistake, and not a golden bridge built by Russia to let the British gracefully out, it has been a costly one, and one that places more evidence of incapacity (or helplessness) )n the shoulders of Beacons field, who throughout his premiership seemed to be playing a huge game of bluff with the powers of central Europe, which they did not accept. He began by claiming everything that was claimed by the treaty of Vienna of '56, and lost every principle involved, for which he reimbursed England with one more sickly burden in the island of Cyprus, and a protectorate over Armenia, which latter, if protected at all, must be protected from the Turks, and this would involve the destruc tion of Turkey and the loss of England's whole position on the Eastern question, for neither Russia, Germany, Austria or Italy 1 would leave her in possession of Turkey cr any part of it, if they could prevent it. Matters in the Levant are boiling, although the situation has not changed in the past four weeks. Preparations for war still continue in Greece, and the strength of the war party still further demonstrated by the vote of con fidence in the ministry headed by M. Com oundorus. It is believed in ministerial circles that there will be a concert of the powers favorable to the views of Greece, should Turkey persevere in resistance. Bulgaria and Roumelia are not quiet, but only waiting an opportunity to profit by the distrust of the powers for each other to make a superior position for themselves out of the Turkish empire, an occasion which they appear al most certain to get, in view of the evident determination of Austria and Germany to prevent further extension of Russia into Europe, and the equally evident determina tion of Russia to allow none but herself to control the destinies of the Sclavic races,and which she can do easier by fostering the in dependence and growth of the principalities than by attempting their government on her own account. Interest is centering at present in the deli cacy of the relations between Russia and China, which at present are strained to the utmost. The preparations of Russia for a powerful naval demonstration in Chinese wa ters at the opening of spring leave no room for doubt but that Russia is in earnest. And the preparations of China to meet them are no less an evidence of a resolve to meet a Rus sian attack, if not to defy it. But from later sources it would seem that the success of the Russian column in Central Asia had dispirited the war party in China, which, unless it has a certainty of alliance with England or Ger many, is unwise in inviting attack from the Northern Collossus, who is silently converg ing his forces toward the Celestial domain from so many quarters. Meanwhile, the North German Gazette is sounding notes of alarm to the German peo ple over what it regards as the warlike atti tude assumed by Gambetta and the French. It has sounded so many alarms that this one may have no more meaning than a concealed threat, or an intimation to France that her designs are known and understood by her rival. But it may be, and surface indications only strengthen the belief, that a general war is impending which will admit France taking an active part'in European affairs again, from which she has been practically debarred since the disaster of Sedan. The British lHouse of Commons was the scene of a very curious spectacle on the 3rd inst. The Home rulers had pursued a course of obstruction by keeping up an endless de bate, and aimless speeches about nothing, simply to. prevent discussion on other issues. Gladstone rose to address the House and the announcement was received with a motion to adjourn, but the Speaker ruled that be was in possession of the House. Parnell then moved that Gladstone be no longer heard, which was ruled by the Speaker to be a de hfance to the Chair, and after a motion to suspend Parnell, which was carried, the lat ter refused to go, and was ejected by force, together with twenty-eight others, the vote being almost unanimous. It has resulted thus far in alieniating from the Irish much of the sympathy which their movement had re ceived from the English Liberals, and we cannot concieve what the object of the Home rulers can be, unless it is to incite op position to England to such a pitch, by cease less and petty measures of hostility, that she will resort to armed force to destroy Irish agitation. To do this-unless the Irish are imprudent, and be the first to resort to force England must resort to measures in opposi tion to her constitution, and in opposition to popular government-which would probably awaken the English people themselves to the danger of the destruction of their liberties, and so embarrass the government that it would be obliged to .concede local option to the Irish. It can hardly be possible that the i Irish leaders contemplate civil war, in which they would almost certainly be overwhelmed, I although it may be that they are driven to it I by the state of public opinion in Ireland. Such a policy is suicidal, and would not be i justified by any hope of success whatever. DEATH OF THOS. CARLYLE. Thos. Carlyle, perhaps the most brilliant satirist the world has ever produced, is dead. His writings on contemporaneous history are the most profound productions of modern thought. They portray, in crisp, cutting and powerful language, the animating causes of human action, and for a complete synthesis of national character he surpasses even Gui zot. The most advanced among the great liberal spirits of this age, he has been termed its most captious cynic, and his peculiar and crabbed manner has given him a kind of un popularity with those who only judge the man by the roughness of his ways. His rhet oric was quaint, but language, in his hands, was a two-edged sword, and its powerful strokes have more than once swayed the tide of British sympathy from the ways of con servative and iconoclastic error. He was the avowed champion of those political elements which are of a communal tendency, and de fined the hollowness, and helplessness, and despotism known as the modern republican idea, and the whole wages system. He did not believe in popular government as it is under stood generally, and was a profound admir er of men of power and those who are termed "tyrants," by the sentimentalists. His eulogy of Dr. Francia, the Paraguayan Dictator, is perhaps the best illustration of his belief, and his faith in the ultimate triumph of democ racy on the feudal principle, never left him. His life was spent in a war on "shams," so cial, political and commercial, in which this age was to him the worst. It will be long before he will be properly understood, for his writings present a mass of apparent incongruities which are beyond popular comprehension, and to this extent his life wa. a political failure. He is the an tithesis of sympathetic, and there was not a particle of personal magnetism in his compo sition. Yox populi vox dei was to him some thing unreal and impossible. What he has said of Goethe may be applied as appropriately to himself, for it is equally as truthful and gives also the reason for popu lar misapprehension of his writings:-"His literary life divides itself into two portions, widely different in character; the products of the first, once so new and original, have long been familiar to us; with the products of the second, equally original, and in our day far more precious, we are yet little acquainted, at first view in strong contradiction, yet in truth connected together by the strictest se quence." He could condemn agrarianism, if it was rampant, with the same cold-blooded indiffer ence to its obliteration by the hand of power that was forestated by Michaivella in "The Prince," and at the same time he could con demn the power that destroyed it unless it was done in defense of agrarian principles, with equal power and more acerbity. He was op posed to republicanism because its tendency was to throw off discipline, and was a radical democrat, because the principle of commun ism required the most intensediscipline to ren der it effective. Two of his most notable papers was "Count Caghiostro," and the "Diamond Necklace," in which he gives the most powerful pictures ever penned of the way the absurdest, weakest and most despic able elements of society control its destinies and overthrow empires. Suartor Resartus was a satire on the age, and which brought him into prominence; but it was at first con sidered absurd and stupid. He admired force, whether manifested in a Frederick, a Robes ierre, a Napoleon, or a Dr. Francia, and of ten overlooked their shortcomlngs in other ways in his eulogies. While a hater of revo lations he admired the power of the French one of 1792 because it was the majesty of strength, and while he affected to despise popular force, the bet of his mind was fas cinated with its manifestation. His power of invective transcended that of any writer ofEglish,: and his analysis of "Bertrand1 Barere" is the most powerful and cutting in vective ever written. "Shooting Niagara" rendered him unpopular in America for a time, but he lived to see many of his predic tions verified. He was born at Ecclefechan, Scotland, Dec. 4, 1795, and was a student whose indus try was prodigious, and whose memory was even more marvelous. His reading was enormous, and embraced everything, and he never forgot. His writings were as diversi fied as his readings, ranging over tb t field of mathematics, geography, natural philosophy, philology, history and belles lettres. At 23 he became afflicted with the demon dyspepsia, which was never better described than in his own words:--"I entered my chamber and closed the door, and around me came a troop ing throng of phantasms dire from the abys mal depth of nethermost perdiction. Doubt, fear, unbelief, mockery and scoffing were there, and I wrestled with them in agony of spirit. It was thus for weeks. Whether I ate, I know not; whether I drank, I know not whether I slept, I know not; but I know that when I came forth again it was with the direful persuasion that I was the miserable owner of a diabolical arrangement called a stomach." This chronic dyspepsia lasted through the balance of his life, and its influ ence on his works appears in every sentence, and gave to his character that crabbed cynic ism which was habitual to him. This self consciousness he believed a sure sign of ill health, which he attributed to the age he lived in, and which he believed was a sort of moral dyspepsia:-"All this talk about the improvement of the age, the spirit of the age, the march of the intellect, and the pro gress of the species, is evidence of an un healthy state, the precurser and prognostic of still worse health." He lived on, and thought, and wrote, and published, notwithstanding his distemper, to the green old age of 85 years, 2 months and 2 days, retaining his vigorous mental power to a few hours of his death. He died at 8.30 on the morning of February 6, inst., and was unconscious from 5 on the evening of the 5th, expiring extremely feeble and his heart's ac tion barely perceptible. He suffered none 1 during the last 36 hours. His niece was with him to the last. He will be buried in the churchyard at his birth-place, Ecclafechan, D umfrieshire, Scotland. ELSEWHERE we publish the resolutions of the Committee on Foreign Affairs relative to the canal project, and the subject of foreign intervention in matters pertaining to the Am erican continent, Northern or Southern. It reported favorably on the President's recom mendation to enforce the Monroe doctrine, and in fact, has expressed itself in unmistak able terms, that no supervision whatever should be allowed by any European power over any American State, either politically or commercially. This virtually assumes the control of the Western Continent by our government, and if we are to persist in it we must show ourselves more competent to man age than we have. It is useless to assume so much power and respon3ibility, and not maintain ourselves in a position to support it. At present our strength is the knowledge of Europe of our latent energy, wealth and resources, and not by the power we actually possess. If we assume a protectorate over the South and Central American States we should lose no time in preparing: ourselves for any act that might at any time be con templated or precipitated by a European power on the practically defenceless condi tion of those States. At present, if they were attacked or interfered with, we could do nothing but make ridiculous protests, which would make us the laughing stock of the world, especially in the face of such an announcement as that formulated by our Committee on Foreign Affairs. Our navy is rotten and utterly'useless, and without a good one we would be powerless to compel at tention to our demands, or serve the interests of the governments we assume to protect. We have a few old iron-clads, fit for shoal water only, and mounted with cannon of small calibre, and slow, pudgy old wooden tubs, the whole of which could be- sunk by a couple of the little vessels built for the Chinese government with only: one gun of heavy calibre and capable of making eigh teen or twenty miles an hour. Chili, herself, is really more able to cope with a maritime enemy than we, and, in fact, though we are the first power in point of latent strength in the world, we are the weakest for effective and instant action, such as would be required in the event of any opposition to our assump tion of the protectorate. TUnless our Gov ernment will build a suitable navy for active work, and be inma condition to enforce our policy, we had better leave such matters to some government which is more able to as sume the responsibility. Inter Oceanic Canal. The House committee on Foreign Afairs unanimously adopted the report of the sub committee, Hill, (of Ohio) Chairman, upon the Crapo resolution, declaring the, policy of the United States in reference to the Inter Oceanic canal, and instructed him to report the same with a substitute resolution accom sanying to the House with recommendation of their adoption. The report reviews the entire question, and concludes with the fol lowing: Your committee therefore as af firmation to the Monroe doctrine, believe the Americans must rule America, and that as notice to all the world that the United S tates cherishes a friendly spirit toward all nations, and while adhering to strict neutrality in all transatlantic affairs expects a like non-inter ference in all American affairs, whether in the Northern, Southern or Western Hemis phere, and that we recommend the adoption of the following resolution : Resol-ved, That the establishment of any form of protection by any one of the powers of Europe over any independent State on this continent, or the introduction from any quar ter of the scheme or policy, which would carry with it the right of any European power to interfere with their concerns or to control in any other manner their destiny, or to transfer to any such power by conquest, cession, or acquisition, or in any other way of any of those States or any portion thereof, is a measure to which this government is op posed, and which, should the attempt be made, it will regard and treat as dangeron-a to our peace, prosperity and safety. Resolved, That the construction of any pub lic works connecting the waters of the At lantic and Pacific by any European govern ment or power, whether the same is by con struction at Panama or elsewhere, would be in violation of the spirit and letter of the Mon roe doctrine, and could not be sanctioned by the government of the United States ; that if it should be constructed across the Isthmus of Panama or elsewhere, this government will insist that it shall not be. under the con trol of any European government or power; that it shall be free to the commerce of the world upon equal terms, and that no discrimi nation shall ever be against the United States in peace or war; that the President be re quested to take the steps necessary and proper for the abrogation of any existing treaties whose terms are in confiit with this declara tion of principjes. Hostiles. The Popular river special to the Pionteer. Press says: A delachment from liges' cornm mand, composed of two companies of the 5th Infantry, went to the camp of Black Catfish, Yanktonnais Sioux, near the Post, to demand the surrender of the hostile Unepapas. Black Catfish attempted to parley and the troops took possession of the camp and arrested the chief and forty-nine Yanktonnais and took them to the post. About 30 Uncpapas were captured at the same time. They are now rnder guard :at Poplar river with the other captured and surrendered hostiles. There ire now 700 of these captive Sioux at Pop Lar river and Ft. Esuford to be disposed of as the government shall decide. Black Horn, a noted hostile chief, is among the captured Uncpapas. He will be- taken to Buford in irons. T. E. COLLINS, L. H. HERSItFIE LD, CHAs. E. DUER, A. HXEasIIHIELDn Fort Benton. Heinma. -0 F NORTHERN M0 TANA Transact a General Banking: Business. Keep current accounts with merchants, stock men and others, sub t'to be drawn against by checks without notice. PAY INTEREST on TIME DEPOSITS:, We buy and sell Exchange on the commercial centers of the United States. WWE WILL GIVE SPECIAL ATTEiTIION TO TH.E BUSINESS OF NORTHERN AND UCENTRAL HPNTANA, And-will make such loans to stock men and farmers as are sui.ed to their requirmemlnts. Local Securities a .pecialty, Collections and a1i: other business entrusted to.,e wil receive prompt and carcal attention. COLLINS, JBUIERi & CO. EECORD BUILDIImt. PORT BENTON,,M. T. STOCK BRANDS. HENRY KENNERLY, Range. Teton. Brand on left side. Postoffice address, Ft.Ilenton. M. T. AZ R. s. PRICE, Range-Judith Basin. Brand on either right ov, left hip. Address Fort Beanton. Also owvner by pur chase ot the following brands: U on left thigh, for-. merly owned by P. D. Kenyon and Char:es Lehman;. I2-I on right ribs or right hip, formerly owned by Joe. Gehrett. All persons are hereby warned against using either of said brands in any way. TO STOCK IlENIl. HELENm , Montana, December 5, 15,8. hereby certify that I have never sold to any party waomsoever any cattle beloneing to myself awli Chas. Lehman, branded U on left thigh or G ventedon right thigh, and never sold to E. Issser any exceot four head of steers. T. D. KIRYON. R. S. Price now owns the above brand. Addrese fert Benton, M. T. S HELENA, Montana, December 8, 1830. This is to certify that I never sold any stock cattle of my brand, G on right thigh, without the same be ing vented, and never sold any with my brand and U on left thigh to any person. JOSEPH GANS. IYJONTANA RAISED RORSES, We have a fine band of horses, three and four years old, of from h' t to three-quarter nreed, whichwe will sella at afair murk~t rate. J. H. EVANS& CO. Fort Benton.