Newspaper Page Text
THE YEAR ABROAD.
Leading and Signifloant Events Transpir ing in 1880,. Nothing in the history of foreign lands during the past year has been so worthy of attention, or so fortunate for the world, as the shift of power in England from Disraeli and the Tories to Gladstone and the Liberals. England, of all the European powers, is the one to which the world looks for a policy friendly to liberty and governed by reason. But under the guidance of Iord Beaconsfield the opening year found her engaged in a series of selfish intrigues and more selfish wars of aggression, which were called a vig orous foreign policy. Its close finds her in the old place of honor, as a nation which in the main aims at doing righteousness, and honestly in love with fair play, though not always able to see what is fair play. Her policy towards Japan, China and the Trans Republic still stains her escutcheon, and the delay in her evacuationaof Afghanistan, as well as her decision to profit by the aggres sions of the late Ministry in Southern Africa detract from the world's respect of her change of policy. But in the main her face is in the right-direction, and it is the whole world's gain. Mr. Gladstone's worst problems are not in South Africa but in Ireland. As the year opened, the Irish Land League was a small and rather insignificant organization, strug gling rather hopelessly to check the eviction of tenants in the famine-smitten districts of Western Ireland. It was located chiefly in Connaught, with some branches in Munster. It is now confessedly the first social power in Ireland. It has filled the three Southern provinces with its organizations, and is spreading into Ulster, in spite of the resist ance of the larger portion of the Orangemen. It has enlisted the people of the towns in its battles for the defense of the tenants. It has stopped not merely eviction, but also the pay ment of any rent except that based on Griffith Valuation, upon which Irish taxes have been levied. And it has rallied the great majority of the Irish people, not even excepting the Roman Catholic Clergy, to the support of the principle that the Landlords must give place to a peasant proprietorship. All this has not been effected without some of those unhappy excesses that generally at tend great popular movements which are not under government direction. But, taken al together, the Irish people have shown a de gree of self-control far in excess of what their best friends expected. Neither the prosecutlon of their leaders, nor the presence of thirty thousand soldiers in Ireland, has availed in the least to stop the advance of the League, or to provoke the people to violent resistance of the civil authorities. The influence exerted by the Irish agitation upon English opinion is matter of conjecture. As in previous instances, and especially as on the eve of the last election, it is possible to mistake London opinion for that of England at large. There seems no reason to doubt that Mr. Gladstone still commands the sup port of the people of Eogland in his judg ment that great reforms of the Irish land laws must be effected before peace is restored to the sister island ; and that if the resistance of the P3ers makes a dissolution necessary, they will sustain him by a majority equal to that in the present House. The present ses sion of Parliament may be' expected to be one of unusual excitement. That which fol lowed the last election was such. The strug gle over the bill to check evictions in the famine-stricken districts of Ireland, brought all party antagonism to a head, and the re jection of that bill by the Peers did much to provoke an intense excitement in Ireland. It alsoadid much to lower the popular regardfor t.he Upper House,.and to make its abolition or modification a matter of general public dis eussdion. The Republic ofiFrance has had a year of secondary excitements, which serve at once to show how well the new government is planted, and also how little the wisdom of its statesmen is accomplishing for its permaa nance. Te frequent rise and fall of cabi nets has made the Ministers of the Repub lic matters of public jests as puppets of a power greater than themselves, while it is felt on all hands that the President of the Corps Legislatif is the power that controls the des tinies of France. We think he is using the power to no good purpose. So far from seeking to conciliate the elements which, in France, are unfriendly to the Republic, he has managed to divide: the French peolle more than ever before, through the violent suppression of the religious orders, while he has robbed the rep.blic of a great body of liberal sympathy in ands where iberalism and persecu.tiOn are still regarded ias :ati thietical terms. In Germany there are signs of changes for the better and for the worse. Like all the other champions of strong government, :Herr Bismarck seems to gr:ow more despotic as he grows older. He :has, ineed, abandoned the war of some years past pon i:the Catholi SChurcih, and is striving toward a molU ~8 &de di with the hierarchy. But his attitude to cent measures, as well as his sstece in; who are jealous of the Chancellor than i among his friends and supporters. * The condition of the. people in Germany is reported as altogether miserable. The period of stimulation and feverish excite ment which followed the war of 1870 has passed away, leaving a prostration which the country feels mere decidedly than Americans can realize. The social suppression of the military laws is growing constantly more in tolerable, and large emmigration to our own country and Brazil is a natural consequence. That this great military establishment may be needed at a moment's notice is quite true. It is not many years since a renewal of the invasion of France was seriously comtem plated, and was only prevented, or shall we say postpohed, by the intervention of the Czar. All Central Europe is armed to the teeth, in the expectation of a great continen tal war ; and such expectations often bring about their own realization. in Russia the year opened most gloomily, and it closes most gloomily, although in some important respects the auspices are more favorable. The change of the methods of government, represented by the accession of General Loris Melikoff to a power all but despotic, has removed the danger of social anarchy through the success of the Nihilists. The Armenian dictator, by doing away with the oppression exercised by the secret police, rallied the people of the great cities to the support of the government, and made the ex cesses of Nihilism no longer possible, in fact, by removing many of the motives which prompted them. On the other hand, the fail ure of the crops in considerable districts of the empire has caused a degree of distress little short of famine, and effecting millions of people. But this is a temporary evil, which the government can alleviate and one good harvest will correct, while the plague of Nihilism might have lasted for ages. The credit of the reforms effected by Melikoff is due in the first instance to the Czarowitch, whose accession to power-probably early in 1881-will open a new era for the empire. Indeed, it is notable that the three principal heirs apparent to European thrones are all much more liberal in sympathy than the present occupants of those thrones. The Eastern question has not advanced much nearer to a solution during the year. Bulgaria has settled down under a regular government, but has not abandoned its pur pose of securing the addition to its territories of the province created at Berlin, and named Eastern Roumelia. Montenegro has secured through the aid of the European Concert, the tiny addition to her tiny territory which the Berlin Congress promised; and Greece has had fair warning that whatever she gets of the territory awarded her by the late Ber lin conference she must take by the sword. Within the Turkish territories there is no im provement upon the disorder and prostration produced by bad government. The Turks suffer, and the Chistians are oppressed al most beyond endurance, so that the Armeni ans have leagued together for the common defence. In northern Europe, the uneventful history of the Scandinavian peninsula is enlivened by something like a crisis in the chronic disa greement between Norway and her Swedish king, and it seems not impossible that the most democratic of the kingdoms of Europe will soon seek for independence, if not for a Republican form of government. Thedeteat of the Beaconsfield Ministry put a period to a large plan for the rearrangement of England's relations to her colonies. Pro posals were under discussion for making the British empire a vast Zollverein, with a tariff upon both raw materials (including food) and manufactured goods brought from other countries into any part of the empire. In this way it was hoped that Canada would be given the English market for grain, and Aus tralia that for wool, while these and other colonies would procure their manufactures exclusively from the British Islands. There is no reason to believe that Mr. Gladstone will listen to such proposals, although they seem to have dazzled his predecessor in offlice. But the promoters of the scheme have notceased their agitation for it, and a con vention in its interest is to meet in London niext month. The history of the colonies, if a colony can be said to have history, is un eventful. In the Dominion there has been a steady growth of dissatisfaction in the coast provinees on each side of the Continent, and the effort makihg to have the Canadian Pacific railroad finished is meant to remove thisdissatisfaction in British Columbia. On the whole, the year has not been one of great events abroad, while it has been one rather of gainsthan of losses for mankind. The reign of "right, reason and the wil of God," while not visibly and swiftly hIastened during its course, has made advances enough to cheer Us with hope for the future. - Having Hiis go~iey's Worth. They had just the loveliest sleighing in Pihiladelphia all last week, says an exchange, and young Keepitup was out enjoying it all oe afternoon. When hie drove into the he did."c 4ie snilgh ready to drop. That's a pretty ~41hW~evle pcuigi nae ment in his voice, "and what did you expect when I hired him ? When a horse is costing me an even $5 an hour, he's got to keep mov ing, you understand. When I'm paying out more than 8 cents every minute, I can't afford to let no horse lean up against an ice-box while he figures out the oat crop of the Uni ted States for 1880. I did my level best to keep my whip arm warm, and then I couldn't get more than $4.25 an hour out of him. I didn't hire the horse to rest him. Now, if you had only charged 15 cents an hour, I would have had the horse fed every thirty minates, while I was out, and I would have rocked him to sleep in my arms, wrapped him up in blankets, and laid him in the sleigh and hauled him back to the stable myself. That is the difference, you see, Mr. Silk cracker. Here's your money, and I want the same horse, or a better one next Saturday afternoon, if the snow.holds on." FLOATING FANOIES. A study in oil: The attempt to get a sar dine out whole. The most afflicted part of the house is the window. It is always full of panes, and who has not seen more than one window-blind ? "I'm afraid the bed is not long enough for you," said the landlord to a seven-foot guest. "Never mind," he replied; "I'll add two more feet to it when I get in." "Take back the love thou gav'st me," she sang. It was a love of a bonnet, but didn't match her complexion, and she wanted him to exchange it for one that did. A newspaper gushing over a recent paint ing, says: "In front stands a rustic maiden, wrapped in her own thoughts." The scene is laid in latitude 1 degree south. The, English newspapers are dishing up Irish stew: the French newspapers, Cr'isth mus pie; the German newspapers, jewjew paste; the American newspapers, cabinet pudding. Nauticia-Husband (jokingly)-"Oh, I'm the mainstay of the family." Wife-"Yes, and the jibboom, and the-and the," Small boy (from experience)-"And the spanker, too, mamma." It isproposed to connect the royal residence of Great Britain with the ministerial quarters. Her most gracious majesty, with a receiver at her ear and a scowl on her face, as she shouts "Hello! hello!" is a picture for a painter. Teacher-"John, what are your boots made of?" Boy-"Of leather." "Where does the leather come from ?" "From the hide of an ox-" "What animal, therefore, supplies you with boots and gives you meat to eat ?" "My father." Dr. X., who has been in the habit of visit ing Mme. A. three times a week as medical adviser, was rather taken aback the other by the servant who answered the bell, saying: Mme. A. will be unable to see you to-day, doctor, ,,because she is sick." "I want you to put a new pair of heels to these boots," said Dr. Ipecac to the shoe maker. "Why don't you do it yourself, doc tor ?" asked old Waxends. "I ?" said the doctor in astonishment. "Why, yes. Does not the good book say, 'Physician, heal thy self ?" "What, call this the aquarium!" cried Uncle Peter, as he gazed upon Cetewayo's sylph-lile daughters and their dusky-skinned attendants. "Aquarium! I should have thought it was the Zuluogical gardens." We took the old man tenderly but firmly to the the Underground railway and stretched him in front of a Hammersmith train. A queer freak of a plant is spoken of by an Indiana paper, which says that a .wild clematic vine has forced its way through a brick wall into the south parlor in ex-Mayor Miller's residence in that city, and is grow ing like a thrifty house-plant. It came into the parlor between the wall and the mop board, and is now over two feet high. "Mr. O'Rafferty," said the Galveston re corder, "the witnesses all say you kicked this gentleman and called him all manner of vile names." "I don't know-what happened, your honor. If I did that Iam very sorry, indade." . "Yes, you ought to regret it very much." "Ido, indade. It's only with me own family that I take such liberties, and if I have been tratin' such an ill-favored scoun drel as if he was a member of me own fami ly, Ill regret it to the last day of me life, I will." BRADBUlRtY & ao. BIacksmith Ing. We are praared to do any class of work in our line. and:i the most thoirough and workmanlike .r i , . 1881. 1881. OPENING OF NAVIGATION. pTON [LINE] WILL RUN FOUR OF THE Finest and Fastest Boats on the River DURING THE SEASON, CARRYINC UNITED STATES MAIL, -TO - FORT BENTON, Leaving Bismarok Every Saturday Evening During Navigation, 0 Steamer Benton, Leaves St. Louis, Saturday, March 26th. -0 Leaves Yankton, Saturday, April 2d. --O0 Leaves Yankton, Saturday, April 9th. 0- Steamerl ~Blk ~Hills, Leaves Sioux City, Saturday, April 16th. 0 For Rates of Freight or Passage, apply to T. C. POWER & BRO., Fort Benton, DI. T. T. C., POWER & CO., Helena, M, T. T. S. RATTLE, No. 60 S. Clark Street, Chicago. I, P. BAKER, No. 308 North Commercial Street, St. Louis. JNO. T. J.RPlIY. SAMUEL NEEL. W. W. BIGGI;NS. WMH. . TODD I MURPHY, NEEL & CO, Wholesale and Retail.Dealers in Groceries, Wines and Liquors, CIGARS AND TOBACCO, Cooking and Heating Stoves, Sheep Tobacco, Wool Sacks and Woo Twoine, Tents and Wagon Co'overs, Stockmen's, Miners', Freighters' and Farmers' Supplies. Hardware, Clothing, DRY GOODS, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Queens -ware and Furniture. We keep large and complete lines of all the above mentioned goods, and all kinds of House Furnishing Goods, and Farmers, Freighters, Miners and Families will do well to call and examine our goods and get our latest prices before laying in their; supplies. Do a general Storage and Commission business. Consignments solicited, and goods forwarded promptly. ScHUTTLER WAGONS, Oortland Platform Spring Wagons and Buggies, PORTER IRON ROOFINC. STORAGE AND COMMISSION, Only Fire-ProofS8tora~ arehouse in Port B itonl. . --;So a.. 1~~~iS aa8 ~LL