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PERSONAL AND IMPERSONAL.
The Transvaal is larger than France. The business men of Germany are exten sively signing a memorial favoring bimetall ism. In Sweden and Norway, in snowy weather, trusses of hay and straw are tied to the lamp posts for the birds. There is some talk in St. Louis of starting a new republican organ with Mr. Schurz as its political editor. The Madison observatory is to be provided with a sideral clock manufactured expressly for it in Amsterdam. The Sioux Indians are rapidly becoming civilized. One of them has just committed suicide, having first tried to murder his wife. In the opinion of the Cincinnati Enquirer, Mr. Conkling, although he may not be able to prevent a nomination in 1884, can certain ly defeat an election. The story that Mr. Hayes will go abroad at the end of his term is untrue. Friends of General Garfield declare that if he wishes to do so he can go in an official capacity. The English members who voted against the second reading of the bill for the protec tion of person and property in Ireland were Bradlaugh, Burt, Collings, Labouchere, Mc Conald and Sir Wilfrid Lawson. General Colley's Bulletins from the Tran vaal suggests some incidents in our own war when the announcement of a great victory was certain to be followed by a loud call for reinforcements. In order to insure prompt action between the naval and military powers at ports in event of Fenian disturbances, officers have been ordered to take such action as they think fit, without referring to headquarters. The National Gazette publishes an article, believed to be inspired, stating that Germany has, at the instance of the other powers, put forward a plan, generally approved, arrang ing procedure in the negotiations of Constan tinople. The North German Gazette's attacks on Gambetta, and the efforts to demonstrate the existence of a war party in France, are be lieved to be designed to induce the landtag to vote the purchase of the strategic Rhine railway. The third and fourth volumes of the Prince Metternich Memoirs will shortly be published by Scribners. They cover the Congresses of Laybach, Aix la Chapelle and Verona, the Eastern war of 1829 and the revolutionary period of 1848. The Revue Politique prints a strong attack on Barthelemy St. Hilaire's foreign policy, which it declares prevented the settlement of the Greek question, thereby directly endan gering peace. The article is said to be an authorized expdsition of the views of Gam betta. When Charles Dickens had decided to write "A Tale of Two Cities," knowing that Carlyle had made special studies for his "French Revolution," he asked the latter to send him a few books that would be best worth consulting. Judge of the novelist's surprise when a large van drove up to his door and discharged its load of volumes, in five or six languages, to his amazement and consternation. That was Carlyle's notion of a few books-really enough for a moderate library. The Post states that Bismarck has conveyed to Herr Beningsen an expression of deep re gret at the wrong done him by Lon Ludwig in charging him with breach of his oath to the King of Hanover, and fully concurring in the course he has taken, Bismarck has placed all the documents in the foreign office at the disposal of Beningsen in case he should consider it necessary te defend him self from the charge against his conduct in 1866, a proceeding which Bismarck thinks unnecessary. The second portion of Poyer Quertier's re port on the customs tariffs has just been laid before the senate commiteee on agriculture in France. It is entitled "American indust ry." and states that inigAmerica the number of acres cleared within the last three years is equal to half the arable land in France. Dur ing the last thirty years the total value of the agricultural products in the United States has increased 6,000,000,000 francs. What, how ever, constitutes the greatest danger is the I cost of production. It is said that Carlyle having gone to spend an afternoon and dine with a new acquain tance, and arriving several hours before his host, he entered the library, upon which the gentleman prided himself, as it contained a number of rare and curious volumes. The host came and dinner was eaten. After leav- 1 ing the table, he told the author that he should be happy to show 'him his books. "I've read 'em," was the laconic answer; i and it proved that Carlyle had actually ab sorbed in the time before dinner all that was I valuable to him in the well-chosen library. A characteristic anedote is told of the Scotch image-breaker. A ship-owner, a fel low countryman, went from Glasgow to call on him, and, entering his presence, said, with a fervor and feeling: "I have come to see you, t Mr. Carlyle, to tell you that I admire and 3 honor you; that I have built a ship and named it after you on account of the good 4 you have done in the world." Then quoth the author, with his marked accent: "I don't c balieve you, maun! I never did ony gude in a the world ! Naebody ever did ony gude in the h warld ! There is na gude in the warld !" Ii General Garfield has laid his hand to the plow, and dare not look back. He was en treated to attend a meeting of the Classical 1 Club, of Washington, but was forced to re 1 ply that "it is.impossible for me to devote any time to subjects much more ancient than r, 1881." p. Arther O'Connor, home-ruler, pronounced the published statement that Irish members of parliament received pay from the funds of the land league an atrocious calumy, and moved a resolution that its publication was a breech of the privilege of the House. Glad stone and Northcote expressed sympathy with y the home rule members in this case, and O'Connor withdrew the motion. g Though writing for the latitude of London, Punch would not be wide of the mark in Chicago, or, for that matter, in any Ameri can metropolis. It has ascertained with le mathematical exactness that "five hard frosts '' makes one fall of snow. Three falls of snow make one street impassable. Six hundred d streets impassable make one newspaper lead ?f er. Twenty newspaper leaders make one ;o public howl. Five thousand public howls don't make one municipal government move." st So, decidedly is the case. THE BATTLE OF MIBAFLORES. The Peruvian Waterloo and the Fall of Lima. The first engagement commenced on the r morning of Jan. 13, at 4 o'clock. That morn y ing the Chillians, concealed by a heavy fog, r advanced in three lines upon the Peruvians' position. Their approach to the latter was ' unobserved until the second Chillian line was n within four hundred meters of their enemy 'e and their first line was engaged in a hand-to Y hand combat, which was continued two hours. The Peruvian centre and right wing s, having been beaten, and the left wing having ýy retired to Morro of Chorlilos, the fight was it maintained until 4 P. M. This force was ;- outflanked, and then compelled to retire on i- Miraflores, in order to do which it had to cut its way through the Chillian flanking force, n which was accomplished with the loss of 1e many prisoners, among whom was .the min e- ister of war himself. A day or two after, at .g Miraflores, the remnant of the Peruvian left ,e wing united with six thousand of the reserve, composed of the young men of Lima, and here resisted the Chillian advance, firing from d thtir redoubts and breastworks, and inflict ,i ing great losses on their assailants. The ic fight lasted from 2 P. M. to 7 P. M., the hour at which the Chillians entered the town, which as in the case of Chorillos and Bar rance, taken on the 13th, they reduced to ashes. The losses in killed and wounded in the two battles are estimated at 9,000 Peru vians and 7,000 Chillians. The Peruvian loss in artillery, arms and war material was n immense, and left the army of the centre without the means of carrying on the war. The Chillians entered Lima on the 17th o without resistance, and established a local government with Mr. Goodal, the former 1s Chillian minister in Ecuador, as prefect of o Lima. The capital is reported as quiet and t orderly. S The Chinese quarter in Lima was burned * by the populace on Jan. 15, on account, it is a claimed, that the Chinese are enemies of the country. SPierola, commander in chief and president Sof Peru, could do nothing to withstand the effect of the surprise of the 18thor the d slaughter of the 15th. He fled with his es - cort to the interior. Before his departure he - gave orders that if any Peruvian officers in o command of ships desired to save them by g fliget, trusting to their superior speed, they , * were privileged to do so. None made the at e tempt, and on the surrender of Lima and Cal e lao the forts, batteries, and ships were blown - up or burned. Several forts were blown up, n with considerable loss, it is said, to the inva 5 ders, but there was not the slightest evidence that the city was so generally mined as the . Peruvians claimed. i Gen. Lacosera, commander of the Peru e vian reserve, is accused of treason, cowardice - and all sorts of crimes, and was forced to r take refuge in the British legation. He went s to Guavaqui by Santiago, and on the way Ssuffered many indignities at the hand of the e populace at varionu ports, and from Peruvian a passengers on boadi. The army of the centre, the finest Peru e ever put in the field, has been completely beaten, demoralized, and practically wiped out of existence. Montero was appointed by Pierola, in his Sflight, commander of the army of the north, Sand Solar of the south. The army of the north consists of a number bf scattered bat- I Stalions, without means of mobilization, and having neither headquarters nor organization. I The army of the south with headquarters at Arequipa, numbers less than ten thousand - men, and any operations from that quarter against Tacna and Arica are said to be im possible. Chillian forces in considerable strength still hold those points.. The Grave of Carlyle. "There," said the sexton, while moving along, as he pointed out a flagstone bearing two names, one of which was but a few years old, "there is Mrs. Carlyle's grave." "The wife of Thomas Carlyle: ?" 1 in quired. "Ay," he said, "ay, sy, and Mr. Carlyle comes here from London now and then to see the grave. He is agaunt, shaggy, weird kind of old man, looking yery old the last he was here"'' "He is 86 now," said I. e "Aye," he repeated, "86, and comes here to this grave all the way from London." d I told the sexton that Carlyle was a great man, the greatest man of the age in books, e and that his name was known all over the a world; but the sexton thought there were other great men lying near at hand, though I I told him their fame did not reach beyond the a grave-yard, and brought him back to talk of s Carlyle. S "Mr. Carlyle, himself," said the grave = digger, "is to be brought here himself to be buried with his wife, aye. He comes here a lonesome and alone, when he visits the wife's grave. His niece keeps him company to the gate, but he leaves her there, and she waits there for him. The last time he was here I got sight of him, and he was bowed down under his white hairs, and he took his way up by that ruined wall of the old cathedral, and round there and in here by the gateway and he tottered up here to this spot." I Softly spake the grove-digger, and paused Softer still, in the broad dialect of Lothians, he proceeded : "And he stood here awhile in the grass, and then he kneeled down and stayed on his knees at the grave-aye, he kissed it again and again, and he kept kneel ing, and it was a long time before he rose and tottered out of the cathedral, and wand ered through the graveyard to the gate, where his niece stood waiting for him." Mary Anderson. The third of Gen. Sherman's Tuesday 'vening parties occurred this week, says a Washington corespondent, and it was made memorable by the presence of Miss Mary Anderson. It was known to a few that the i beautiful actress would come after 11 o'clock, and expectation people on tiptoes as the hour approached. "The most gifted actress of the age," as the play-bills put her, appeared in the door-way and everyone swarmed about her. Gen. Sherman made the presentations in 9 the jolliest way, and standing under the full 1 blaze of the chandelier Miss Mary never t looked better. Her tragic countenance wore the society smile and her head was never still for a minute, carried high in the air one - time and bending graciously to sally and t compliment the next. Her dress was of t dark-blue velvet loaded with passementeries and embroidery of light-blue beads, with a 1 pointed front filled in with lace. Her dia 1 mond locket shone like a star, and besides it she wore no other jewels. Maj. Burch, of the senate, captured McCullough for a breakfast party when he was here; Mrs. Starin had Campanini at her kettle-drum, and Gen. Sherman is even by presenting Mary Ander son to his guests. The gallant Tecumseh is 1 a heavy and steady patron of the drama, and personally acquainted with every star that treads the boards. His name appears on every testimonial and benefit paper, and Shis presence is necessary whenever a theat rical hero is to be banqueted. H. WILCOX, House& CarriagPainter Orders for the present left at L. T. IYRALSHALLS, FRIONT STREET, Will receive prompt attention. Has had an experience of twenty-five years in some fo the largest shops in the East, and is prepared Sto guarantee satisfaction. FRANK'S NEW vS DEPOT. I TOBACCO AND CIGARS CONFECTIONERY, NUTS, CANDIES, Fruits of all Descriptions. CUTLERY, PLAYING CARDS Perfumery and Fancy Soaps. A Full Line of Smokers' Articles, Seadide Libraries, Novels of all descriptions, and all the Illustrated Papers. 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