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THE RIVER PRESS
Wednesday, March 9, 1881. H. C. IWTLLIAM-S, - - - - - - - EDITOR THE Porte seems disposed to give the claims of Greece a consideration, as the Al banians have just discovered that they have been grievously imposed upon by Turkey and are expressing their belief by tak up arms for the cause of liberty. His mortal sublimity is drawing to an unfortunate close. FRANK P. STERLING has been reappointed Receiver of the Land Office at Helena. This gives univers'al satisfaction to the people and press, many of the latter of whom have had the pleasure of doing business through him, and none say anything but words of favor, and this is praise enough when the responsibilities of the position are considered. THE Democrats, with a fatal infatuation, are agitating the resurrection of the free trade issue. If we are to develop our own re sources to their fullest extent, we mast en courage them at the expense of other coun tries. If it is our object to develop other countries and leave our own we will receive their products free from restrictions. That is the least of it, and it is obvious to any one which will receive the support of the coun try. To SPEAK of subsidy to the people of Mon tana is like displaying a red flag to a bull. It does not matter how benificent the object, or how profitable the en-erprise, or how much it will enhance the value of the Terri tory or facilitate business-it is straightway pitched on the horns of thecommonwealth and passed under the feet of the angry provincial corporation. The _Independent well calls it a craze, for such unreasoning and prejudical instinct can not be accounted for on any other hypothesis. ON the fifth page we publish the inaugural of president Garfield. Its tone is good and there can be no fault found with the line of its argument. It is of that class of political literature which is so general in its applica tion that no exceptions can be taken to it in the whole, and no satisfaction can be gained from its separate parts. It is skillfully con structed with a view to leaving the public I mind in the same state of uncertainty regard- i ing President Garfield's future policy it was in before, and leaves him as undefined and uns'`i ckled as he was on the 3d of March. SOME political speculators assume to be- t lieve that there is a secret understanding be tween Bismarck and Gambetta relative to settlement of the frontier question, who gen- r craily are getting to be better friends than is supposeO. Germany wants a seaboard fron tier, which means business for Holland and Denmark, and France does not forget that c she has mawy Frenchmen in Belgium who parted company with her regretfully after b Waterloo, and both have some old scores to settle with Austria, who is weakened by the Italian party of redemption, which is after some Tyrolese provinces which should proi erly belong to Italy. Some stranger changes of political fraternity than this have occurred, a and Germany may find her way to her am bition and at the same time avoid future con tingencies in wiping out the old scores, by making new ones with the power she crushed and has not crippled. IN another column will be found the ap portionment bill passed by Congress under di the last census. The last apportionment tr seemingly will make but very little change n in the political complexion of the next house. There is an increase of twenty-six members, w about evenly divided between the North and b South. Texas makes the largest gain with n four members, Kansas comes next with three s members, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska H and California each gain two members, while O Pennsylvania, Illinois, Iowa, Massachusetts, el Ohio, Virginia, Arkansas, Georgia, Ken- of tucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North and of South Carolina and West Virginia each gain m one. Alabams loses three and Maine, New ta Hampshire and Vermont each loose one. s: The bill strikes at the system heretofore prac ticed by several legislative bodies in gerry mandering congressional districts, and pro- of vides that hereafter districts shall be com- w posed of contiguous territory and contain e as near as possible an equal number of inhab itants, thus increasing a fairer representation of the people then'heretofore had. THER people of Benton and Choteau county ec and the county commissioners are earnestly is requested to take hold of the matter of the in road and bridge to the mines. The Meagher ci county people are anxious for better com- sI munication with Benton, as the best means si for securing and building up its country and t * its local trade, and the great importance of am mines themselves requires that the road w should be begun at once and finished as soon al as possible. We can better afford to build ti the road by private subscription than do with- ci out it, but all that can be given by the county a commissioners should be rendered. The b bridge over Belt Creek should be built by the it county, and so, indeed, should the balance of the road, if the county can afford it-and the county could afford it, if it would use tl one 'of the mills remitted from the Terii- p tarial tax for the puxposes of road construc- h tion. But if the county cannot afford it, it a should be built as private enterprise. The l people of Meagher county want the road ary nd will subscribe liberally for it, and our own . 1 necessity for such road is supreme. With out roads we need not expect to devolop any - degree of local trade, and without local trade, - the town will languish. We hope the inter OR est excited by theis project will not be al he lowed to cool down into indifference. THE inaugural ceremonies are over, and ve the new administration has entered in earnest ey k- upon a career which everything indicates will be arduous and fruitful. The cabinet le. has been formed, and the men composing it have been drawn from the brightest and most ed liberal in the Republican ranks, and the nom ,is inations show splendid judgment on the part a3e of President Garfield, and indicate that he 'm understands the nature of the problem to be as solved in cementing the differences in the ut party and in the country, where the differ h ences are capable of adjustment, and a thor re ough knowledge of their weaknesses and the ways they may be strengthened, where com promise is impossible. de James G. Blaine, as Secretary of State, of -e- all men in the Republican party, is the most n- fitting appointment possible to head the ad n- ministration. He represents the people more er than any other man, and has met with his ve only opposition in his own party because he at has never shrunk from an exposition of their se requirements-for which he has had applied n- to him the epithet demagogue. He under stands the drift of the popular idea, and has n_ been foremost in leading it, which is the se ll. cret of his popularity in the West, where he t, is held as the fittest exponent of its tendencies w and necessities. He is a man of. quick per .i- ceptions and profound thought. He is a y statesman of the broadest type and to the fac id ulty of seeing what should best be 'one, he al combines the rarer faculty of knowing how a to do it. He has been termed visionary by al those who did not understand him, because he has recognized the drift of political forces which were not perceptible to others, but he has always displayed the happiest arts of ex cl pediency in measures which were impracti d cable because they were premature. He has >f never sacrificed the present to attain the fu rl ture because the future were better but unat tainable-a faculty which shows his judg n ment keen and his management safe. d - E- Mr. Willham Windom, of Minnesota, has c been tendered the Treasury portfolio, and I- represents the more liberal and popular finan s cial ideas of the country. He also, like Mr. d Blaine, and his predecessor, Mr. Sherman, while recognizing a necessity for legislation free from class influence and more favorable to popular interests, has also recognized that however desirable any set of conditions may be in the abstract, it is not good judgment nor commion sense to attempt to force them s where the ground is not prepared to receive Sthem, and wthere a substitution would, by throwing existing things into confusion, cause more damage than new conditions could do good. Mr. Windom has proved himself a safe man, one in whom the country may have implicit confidence that its inter ests will not be neglected, and we confidently predict he will follow in the footsteps of his predecessor, with whom fault is only found by one class whose interests are all selfish and opposed to those of the people at large, and by another which has not understood him. Samuel J. Kirkwood, of Iowa, has been noted as the war governor of the prairie State, P and to his personal energy was due the splen did efficiency and organization of the lowa troops during the war. As a legislator he is not noted, having served a limited terrm in the Senate, but his executive ability, has been so well displayed, and so often, that there need be no fear that he will not reduce the busi ness of the Interior department to a finer system than it has known for many years. Ia His experience with Western affairs is pro- d found and profuse, and no man in the Unit- ' ed States is so well qualified for the position Si of Secretary of the Interior, the most dificult , of management, by far, of all the depart- (t ments except the Treasury, and one which or takes the most energy and gives the least sat isfaction. As Secretary of War, Robert A. Lincoln, se of Illinois, the son of the revered President, will give universal satisfaction. He is in a certain sense an untried man, one who has been quietly buried in his law practice in , Chicago since the close of the war. Here, fa however, he has displayed unusual talent, a and will probably show an executive ability equal to the requirements of the position. It fa is not a trying one in time of peace, except ing in that of making the miserable ex- bi cuse of an army which a parsimoniousl spirit has created do twice the work that t should b3 allotted to it. It is with the past that he is identified, and the nomination will tl awaken enthusiasm and recollections which a will stimulate the best elements of the nation i and strengthen the administration by an iden tification with the past glory of the Republi- f can party, and the spirit of reconciliation s and liberality which was its animus before it t became the plaything of Benatorial cabal and interparty intrigue. ti -- o Judge William H. Hunt, as Secretary of the Navy, is one of those men who is not so I popularly known as his compeers, because b he has not been a politician in the accepted a Ssense of the term, but. has been ::engaged in ti labor of such technical character that it has Snot made that brilliant impress which a more 1 trink bit less arduous position would have p L- afforded. This is a splendid recommenda y tion in itself f, r the recipient of the position , and a credit to the administration, which will undoubtedly by strengthened by it, in view of - our complicating foreign relations. His record has been made quietly, in unraveling knotty points of international law, in the dis d cussion of which he has attained eminence t and distinction, all the more valuable be s cause it has not resulted from a practice t of questionable political methods. He is a t Southern man, born in South Carolina, but t for many years resident in Louisiana, where he is yet identified. He was a loyal spirit t during the war, and his nomination to the e the navy portfolio is a just recognition to a e suffering section which has been too long ig e nored by the nation for the nation's good. His eminent ability and unobtrusive manner will cause him to be appreciated by the en e tire country. The department of Justice is represented by Wayne McVeigh, of Pennsylvania, who F is a lawyer of distinction, and a gentleman t who has been thoroughly identified with the better elements of Pennsylvania politics. He is professionally competent and will do as well as any lawyer in a position where a multiplicity of legal attainments is required. Thos. L. James, represents the state of New York as Postmaster General. He is ex perienced in post-office matters, and managed the most difficult of the subordinate positions in the department as postmaster of New York. This department represents sufficient patronage to satisfy the most grandiloquent of politicians. As a whole the cabinet is eminently satis factory, and represents the best elements in the party. It is apparently designed for work which is neeided to bring the party back to the legitimate duties of a party as a political factor, and not an exponent of cliques and the paternity of jobs and the fos terer of jealous and burning sectionalisms, while it attempts to harmonize those same elements, with what successs we cannot pre diet, but which we believe will be impossible withg:ut some popular manifestation that shall operate to extinguish i.:fluences favor able to the operation of "Machine" politics. 'Tils winter has been hard on the stock raisers of the far West. Out in Montana the cattle will cost more to winter them than they will be worth in the spring. The some is rue of the sheep. Hay is now $50 per ton, and scarce, at that. Besides these drawbacks more than one foutrh of the stock has died, and the mortality list, it is expected, will be augmented before spring. --Jetroit Free Press. This is a specimen cf the paragraphs float ing in the Eastern press relative to the Wes tern winter, and which result probably from 1 the insane sa!atements of some Montana news papers which have jumped at conclusions, drawn from the worst instances of loss the winter has ?fforded, and these statements have become representative. We have had troubl6i enough and sustained loss enough, without drawing the picture in darker colors than originally painted. There is no need of an sweririg the above paragraph for our Terri torial readers, who know that as a whole the statement is a gross exaggeration and the con clusion wide off the mark. One-fourth of the stock may die by the time spring fairly opens, but no such percentage is dead yet, and will not be exceeded at the worst. Hay is not .'50 per ton, and has not been, except, possibly in some isolated cases; the average has hard ly been one half that sum. Such statements are made without reflection, and are wild and r misleading. o THE editor of the vavnt Courier thus sar- o castically comments upon the Superintendent P of the National Park: We have received a copy of the a last annual report of the Superinten- P dent of the Yellowstone National Park s We intended to give a full notice of it, but r Col. Norris has proved to much for us. Sixty pages of his turgid Ihqlish, involved u sentences, false science and inaccurate facts (to use a mild expression), were more than L our digestion could stand, so that we can not a do the Colonel full justice. We regret this the more, as we shall probably never see him again in his official capacity at least, and we would like to have him parse the following o sentence from his report: n "Leaving to the future scientists the tracing of the t geological periods and formation of this interestingI~ region. I may in a general way state that, like the Niagara and other great cataracts, the cataracts of the. Yellowstone have eroded a deep channel up-stream, r farabove their original location at the severed svur s ot Mount W~shburn and the rim of the then and ele- e vated Yellowetone Lake, at which time the fall of one, or that large of a succession of these cataracts, was far greater than at present." He complains of tourists firing the grassa; but he fails to mention that he himself fired t the grass and timber on Pelican creek in e three places. He speaks of the vandalism u of visitors in carrying off specimens, while he has himself shipped tons of specimens to the States. He claims to have discovered the b natural bridge and seems to forget that a tour- t ist told him of it, and showed him the road to it, and this is certainly dire ingratitude, as he would otherwise not have killed his famous 35 .gallons-of-oil-bear. Nothing t seems to have irritated our worthy Superin- t tendent more than the destruction of his t sign-boards, with which he had labelled all of the geysers, falls, etc. Hemu3st be lamen tably deficient in all sense of the ridiculous, C or he would certainly understand that he a might as well put up a board on the banks of f the Niagara with the name of the fails as to label the wonders of the National Park. As he is himself certainly the greatest fossil and altogether one of the greatest natural curiosi- ' ties of the Park, we would respectfully sug- I gest the propriety of getting up a subscrip tion tobuy a signboard "well painted and lettered," that might be firmly affixed to'some prominent part of his body. We believe it L- would prove "of great value to all persons" n meeting him, and it would be a beautiful il 11 lustration of our civil-service system which makes possible the appointment of such a man to such a position. g WE are having so many letters for publi cation, the writers of which have, as if by e common consent, assumed the pseudonym of "Pilgrim," that we are obliged to number e them. a The Apptorttoilzan("ma Bill. e The Apportionment Bill passed the House It on the 3d instant, by a vote of 145 to 113. e It provides that, after the 3d of March, 1883, a the House of Representatives shall be com. posed of 319 members-to be apportioned among the several States as follows: r Alabama ................... ..................... 5 Arkansas .................. ............. 5 California ............... ......................... Colorado................ ................. 1 Connecticut ........ ............. .................. 4 Deleware ......... ...... ..................... 1 Florida........................ .................. 2 Georgia ...........................................1') Illinois ...............................................20 Indiana..................................13 Iowa.............. .......................10 K ansas.......................... ................. 6 Kentucky .............. ........ ...................11 Louisiana ............................................. 6 M aine .................. ................ ......... 4 Maryland ........................................ 6 Massachusetts ..................................12 Michigan......... .................................11 Minnesota........................................ 5 Mississippi ....................... .............. 7 M issouri .................. .. .....................14 Nebraska...................... ................. 3 Nevada .................................... ... 1 New Hampshire................. ............. 2 New Jersey....................... ................ 7 New York ............... .....................33 North Carolina.................. ................. 9 Ohio.............. . . .. ..... ..................21 Oregon......................... .......... 1 Pennsylvania.................. ...............28 Rhode Island.................................... 2 South Carolina ................ ............. 6 Tennessee ................ .................10 Texas ........................ . ... .. ...........10 Verm ont ..................... ....... ............ .. 2 Virginia .............................................10 W est Virginia...................................... 4 Wisconsin....................................... 8 The bill provides that if any new Stite is admitted into tne Union, the representatives assigned to it shall be additional to the num ber 319. It also requires that, hereafter, Congressional districts shall be composed of contiguous territory, and containing, as near ly as possible, an equal number of inhabit ants; no one district hereafter being allowed to elect more than one representive. Whata ChTinese Immigration IlIeans. [Salt Lake Tribune.] East3rn people will get enough of John Chinaman after a while. A Chicago Judge is considering whether to grant citizen pa pers to s .me Chinese applicants, and must be anxious to grant the application or he would not take time to consider, because the Burlin game tr eaty (xpressly forbids such a thing. We trust that he will grant the papers; that some New YoPr-k Judges will follow suit, and that a big colony of Mongolians will grow up in both cities. That will cure East_ ern namby-pambyism on the Chinese ques tion soonei than anything else. We hope they will fix themselves in now prosperous streets. After a year or two it will be noticed that the white residents near by will com mence to move away; that those who remain will suddenly cease keeping chickens; the newsboys will report' that they do not sell any more papers on those streets; the grocery stores will be removed from the corners of the streets; the small mechanics will disap pear; the morning papers will after a little more begin to complain of an intolerable odor in that quarter of the eity; then accounts of the police raiding on opium dens will be published; lewd slave women will begin to show themselves at the windows; thie soul avers will be forced to confess that after patient work the only Chinaman they have succeeded in converting has just been caught robbing a house, and suddenly it will dawn upon the mercenary and selfrighteous fools who are now urging that this inheritance of Americans, the United States, shall be turned over to an inundation of Mongolians that Chinese immigration is not a good thing; that it means the crowding out of all gener ous races and generous instincts; that it means death to morals and business alike; that it is slavery more debasing than ever was African slavery; that its policy is simply one of absorption; that it takes all within reach and gives back nothing but filth and sin. From the soil of China there are often exhumed utensils and relics which show that once a glorious race existed there. What became of that race ? It is easy enough to imagine. TJe Tartar hordes with poles on their shoulders, and with a basket on either end of the poles, stole down upon them. They came with an expressionless smile upon their faces; they were non-com batants; it was impossible for a brave race to fight them, they fixed their rude abodes and went to work. The rich patronized them because they did work cheaper than the poor of our own soil; they congratulated themselves upon getting vegetables cheaper than they ever had before; they said to the poor when work failed them, that labor must always adjust itself to circumstances; 1 and so matters progressed until the poor wereI forced away and suddenly the rich found that they had no market for the surplus of their farms, that trade was dead, that life with the swelling ranks of the Mongolians had become a torture too great to be boroe and so they too, had to follow those their avarice had driven away, and their couritry was given over to the redeemless barbarians. s" This country will not be given up the same i- way because when the pest becomes unbear able, the American laborers will draft a code of their own, and a shrinking Congress will hasten to ratify it. That will be a bad iime for Chinese, and the men of the West ry would fain make this final settlement unnec )f essary, but they will not shrink from it when ,r it comes. The brightest, bravest men of the old States settled the far West. They have, with united voice, declared to the men of the East that after watching the effect of Chin te ese immigration for a quarter of a century, it must stop. If the people of the East, , through their avarice and through a false 1. sentimentality, deride the warning, we can d stand it for a little while, until the poor of Eastern cities, under intolerable sufferings, 5 file their protest, against the wrong and in " justice, in flame and blood. I The Northwest Territory. FORT MACLEOD, February 17, 1881. STo the River Press: o This being the next thing to the North Pole, 13 I thought a few items would be of some use 0o to you. The snow is frightfully deep and G has been so all winter, and the stock in these 6 parts are suffering considerably. 4 We are patiently waiting for the river to 6 break, as we all expect to get washed off in 2 the spring. We have had rather a lonesome 1 winter; we have a dancing club, with some 7 forty members. We are making preparations 4 for a grand blow-out on Washington's birth day. The District Court is in session ; at present nothing of interest, except Dutch Fred, an 3 old Bentonite, had quite an interesting suit for tresspassing, which he won. He created something of a stir among the Britishers by defending himself in court We had quite a z Beacher-Tilton case sometime back, of which I will write particulars at some future time. It is rumored in these parts that Major Walsh, of Sitting Bull fame, is to get the "bounce" this spring. The Indians are liv ing on clover this winter; they are living on those several reservations, drawing one pound of fresh beef and one of flour daily; they appear to be contented. Upon the arrival of the ma'il !.'h last time, some of the boys received a "keg" on permit. Among the lot was one for Fred. Pace which some of the boys succeeded in capturing on the sly, but in the hurry to obtain a drink before they would be discovered, one of the party, which we will call Thumbs, in trying to press the cork in with his thumb, it went in quicker than he expected and consequently his thumb followed, and he was caught in a trap and fined ten dollars. They have changed his name to "Bung-hole Bill." We have preachers here, wholesale and re tail. One Catholic, two Church of England and one Methodist. Think of it and weep. We expect a large emigration from Canads to this place in the spring,'but I think it alt talk; what are here want to leave. Our mails are very irregular since Mr. Farewell stopped carrying it, but I suppose. the weather is to blame. RIESTLER. FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE --AND REAL ESTATE AGENCY. First-Class Companies, possessing assets of FOUR TEhN MILLION DOLLARS. Represented by II. P. ROLFE. POTA'TOES FORL SALE. The undersigned has a lot of good potatoes for sale at his house, on his ranch, four miles from Benton, at 3 c-nts per pound. JOH-IN NEUBERT. To the Farmers of Choteau County. The coming season I will have three threshing ma chines in operation, one a steam thresher of unlimited capacity, so as to get their work done at an early per iod, and not to be caught in th' snow, W. O. DEXTER Ranch for Rent. Situated on the Missouri, 11 miles from Benton, with 100 acres under cultivation. Good buildings, granar ies,. root hou-es and implements. 225 acres under fence. For particulars app!ly to Charles Rowe, Ben ton, or at this office. Potatoes for Sale. Charles Rowe wishes to inform the public that he has a lot of choice potatoes stored in town, which he will sell. For particulams enquire of Charles Rowe,, Benton. NO'TICE. I hereby warn all pers ns against trusting any one, no matter whom, on my account, without an order signed by myself. NARCIUS VAUIX. STOCK BPRANDIS. HENRY KENNERLY, Rangre. Teton. Brand on left side. Postoffioe address, Ft.Ilenton. M. T. AZ R. s. PRtCE, Range-Judith Basin. Brand on either right or left ribs. Address Fort Benton. Also owner by pur chase ot the following brands: U on left thigh,. for merly owned by P. D. Kenyon and Charles Lehman ;: IWI on right ribs or right hip, formerly owned by Joe Gehrett. All.persons are hereby warned against using either of said brands ia any way. TO STOCK MEN. HELE&A, Montana; December 5,1889. I hereby certify that I have never sold to any party whomsoever any cattle belonging to myself aml Chas. Lehman, branded U on left thigh or G ventedon right thigh, and never sold to E. Rosser any exceut four head of steers. . T. D. KINYON. R. S. Price now owns the above brand. Address Fort Benton, M. T. HILENA, Montana, Decembe, 8,1830. This is to certify that I never sold any stock cattle of my brand, G on right thigh, without the same be ing vented, and never sold any with my brand and U en left thigh to any person. JOSEPH GANS. IIONTANA RAISED HORSES. We have a fine band of horses, three and four years old, of from h, t to three-quarter Dreed, whichwe will sell at a fair market rate. J. H. EVANS& CO. Fort Benton. BEWARE. All persons are hereby warned against skinning any dead cattle branded NV without a special permit from me. and all parties are notified not to buy hides with said brand. NARUIUS VAUX (Capt. Nelse).