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The river press. [volume] (Fort Benton, Mont.) 1880-current, March 09, 1881, Image 4

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Wednesday, March 9, 1881.
H. C. IWTLLIAM-S, - - - - - - - EDITOR
THE Porte seems disposed to give the
claims of Greece a consideration, as the Al
banians have just discovered that they have
been grievously imposed upon by Turkey
and are expressing their belief by tak
up arms for the cause of liberty. His mortal
sublimity is drawing to an unfortunate close.
FRANK P. STERLING has been reappointed
Receiver of the Land Office at Helena. This
gives univers'al satisfaction to the people
and press, many of the latter of whom
have had the pleasure of doing business
through him, and none say anything but
words of favor, and this is praise enough
when the responsibilities of the position are
THE Democrats, with a fatal infatuation,
are agitating the resurrection of the free trade
issue. If we are to develop our own re
sources to their fullest extent, we mast en
courage them at the expense of other coun
tries. If it is our object to develop other
countries and leave our own we will receive
their products free from restrictions. That
is the least of it, and it is obvious to any one
which will receive the support of the coun
To SPEAK of subsidy to the people of Mon
tana is like displaying a red flag to a bull.
It does not matter how benificent the object,
or how profitable the en-erprise, or how
much it will enhance the value of the Terri
tory or facilitate business-it is straightway
pitched on the horns of thecommonwealth and
passed under the feet of the angry provincial
corporation. The _Independent well calls it a
craze, for such unreasoning and prejudical
instinct can not be accounted for on any
other hypothesis.
ON the fifth page we publish the inaugural
of president Garfield. Its tone is good and
there can be no fault found with the line of
its argument. It is of that class of political
literature which is so general in its applica
tion that no exceptions can be taken to it in
the whole, and no satisfaction can be gained
from its separate parts. It is skillfully con
structed with a view to leaving the public I
mind in the same state of uncertainty regard- i
ing President Garfield's future policy it was
in before, and leaves him as undefined and
uns'`i ckled as he was on the 3d of March.
SOME political speculators assume to be- t
lieve that there is a secret understanding be
tween Bismarck and Gambetta relative to
settlement of the frontier question, who gen- r
craily are getting to be better friends than is
supposeO. Germany wants a seaboard fron
tier, which means business for Holland and
Denmark, and France does not forget that c
she has mawy Frenchmen in Belgium who
parted company with her regretfully after b
Waterloo, and both have some old scores to
settle with Austria, who is weakened by the
Italian party of redemption, which is after
some Tyrolese provinces which should proi
erly belong to Italy. Some stranger changes
of political fraternity than this have occurred, a
and Germany may find her way to her am
bition and at the same time avoid future con
tingencies in wiping out the old scores, by
making new ones with the power she crushed
and has not crippled.
IN another column will be found the ap
portionment bill passed by Congress under di
the last census. The last apportionment tr
seemingly will make but very little change n
in the political complexion of the next house.
There is an increase of twenty-six members, w
about evenly divided between the North and b
South. Texas makes the largest gain with n
four members, Kansas comes next with three s
members, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska H
and California each gain two members, while O
Pennsylvania, Illinois, Iowa, Massachusetts, el
Ohio, Virginia, Arkansas, Georgia, Ken- of
tucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North and of
South Carolina and West Virginia each gain m
one. Alabams loses three and Maine, New ta
Hampshire and Vermont each loose one. s:
The bill strikes at the system heretofore prac
ticed by several legislative bodies in gerry
mandering congressional districts, and pro- of
vides that hereafter districts shall be com- w
posed of contiguous territory and contain e
as near as possible an equal number of inhab
itants, thus increasing a fairer representation
of the people then'heretofore had.
THER people of Benton and Choteau county ec
and the county commissioners are earnestly is
requested to take hold of the matter of the in
road and bridge to the mines. The Meagher ci
county people are anxious for better com- sI
munication with Benton, as the best means si
for securing and building up its country and t
* its local trade, and the great importance of am
mines themselves requires that the road w
should be begun at once and finished as soon al
as possible. We can better afford to build ti
the road by private subscription than do with- ci
out it, but all that can be given by the county a
commissioners should be rendered. The b
bridge over Belt Creek should be built by the it
county, and so, indeed, should the balance
of the road, if the county can afford it-and
the county could afford it, if it would use tl
one 'of the mills remitted from the Terii- p
tarial tax for the puxposes of road construc- h
tion. But if the county cannot afford it, it a
should be built as private enterprise. The l
people of Meagher county want the road ary nd
will subscribe liberally for it, and our own . 1
necessity for such road is supreme. With
out roads we need not expect to devolop any
- degree of local trade, and without local trade,
- the town will languish. We hope the inter
OR est excited by theis project will not be al
he lowed to cool down into indifference.
THE inaugural ceremonies are over, and
the new administration has entered in earnest
k- upon a career which everything indicates
will be arduous and fruitful. The cabinet
le. has been formed, and the men composing it
have been drawn from the brightest and most
ed liberal in the Republican ranks, and the nom
,is inations show splendid judgment on the part
a3e of President Garfield, and indicate that he
'm understands the nature of the problem to be
as solved in cementing the differences in the
ut party and in the country, where the differ
h ences are capable of adjustment, and a thor
re ough knowledge of their weaknesses and the
ways they may be strengthened, where com
promise is impossible.
de James G. Blaine, as Secretary of State, of
-e- all men in the Republican party, is the most
n- fitting appointment possible to head the ad
n- ministration. He represents the people more
er than any other man, and has met with his
ve only opposition in his own party because he
at has never shrunk from an exposition of their
se requirements-for which he has had applied
n- to him the epithet demagogue. He under
stands the drift of the popular idea, and has
n_ been foremost in leading it, which is the se
ll. cret of his popularity in the West, where he
t, is held as the fittest exponent of its tendencies
w and necessities. He is a man of. quick per
.i- ceptions and profound thought. He is a
y statesman of the broadest type and to the fac
id ulty of seeing what should best be 'one, he
al combines the rarer faculty of knowing how
a to do it. He has been termed visionary by
al those who did not understand him, because
he has recognized the drift of political forces
which were not perceptible to others, but he
has always displayed the happiest arts of ex
cl pediency in measures which were impracti
d cable because they were premature. He has
>f never sacrificed the present to attain the fu
rl ture because the future were better but unat
tainable-a faculty which shows his judg
n ment keen and his management safe.
d -
E- Mr. Willham Windom, of Minnesota, has
c been tendered the Treasury portfolio, and
I- represents the more liberal and popular finan
s cial ideas of the country. He also, like Mr.
d Blaine, and his predecessor, Mr. Sherman,
while recognizing a necessity for legislation
free from class influence and more favorable
to popular interests, has also recognized that
however desirable any set of conditions may
be in the abstract, it is not good judgment
nor commion sense to attempt to force them
s where the ground is not prepared to receive
Sthem, and wthere a substitution would, by
throwing existing things into confusion,
cause more damage than new conditions
could do good. Mr. Windom has proved
himself a safe man, one in whom the country
may have implicit confidence that its inter
ests will not be neglected, and we confidently
predict he will follow in the footsteps of his
predecessor, with whom fault is only found
by one class whose interests are all selfish
and opposed to those of the people at large,
and by another which has not understood
Samuel J. Kirkwood, of Iowa, has been
noted as the war governor of the prairie State, P
and to his personal energy was due the splen
did efficiency and organization of the lowa
troops during the war. As a legislator he is
not noted, having served a limited terrm in the
Senate, but his executive ability, has been so
well displayed, and so often, that there need
be no fear that he will not reduce the busi
ness of the Interior department to a finer
system than it has known for many years. Ia
His experience with Western affairs is pro- d
found and profuse, and no man in the Unit- '
ed States is so well qualified for the position Si
of Secretary of the Interior, the most dificult ,
of management, by far, of all the depart- (t
ments except the Treasury, and one which or
takes the most energy and gives the least sat
As Secretary of War, Robert A. Lincoln, se
of Illinois, the son of the revered President,
will give universal satisfaction. He is in a
certain sense an untried man, one who has
been quietly buried in his law practice in ,
Chicago since the close of the war. Here, fa
however, he has displayed unusual talent, a
and will probably show an executive ability
equal to the requirements of the position. It fa
is not a trying one in time of peace, except
ing in that of making the miserable ex- bi
cuse of an army which a parsimoniousl
spirit has created do twice the work that t
should b3 allotted to it. It is with the past
that he is identified, and the nomination will tl
awaken enthusiasm and recollections which a
will stimulate the best elements of the nation i
and strengthen the administration by an iden
tification with the past glory of the Republi- f
can party, and the spirit of reconciliation s
and liberality which was its animus before it t
became the plaything of Benatorial cabal and
interparty intrigue. ti
-- o
Judge William H. Hunt, as Secretary of
the Navy, is one of those men who is not so I
popularly known as his compeers, because b
he has not been a politician in the accepted a
Ssense of the term, but. has been ::engaged in ti
labor of such technical character that it has
Snot made that brilliant impress which a more 1
trink bit less arduous position would have p
L- afforded. This is a splendid recommenda
y tion in itself f, r the recipient of the position
, and a credit to the administration, which will
undoubtedly by strengthened by it, in view of
- our complicating foreign relations. His
record has been made quietly, in unraveling
knotty points of international law, in the dis
d cussion of which he has attained eminence
t and distinction, all the more valuable be
s cause it has not resulted from a practice
t of questionable political methods. He is a
t Southern man, born in South Carolina, but
t for many years resident in Louisiana, where
he is yet identified. He was a loyal spirit
t during the war, and his nomination to the
e the navy portfolio is a just recognition to a
e suffering section which has been too long ig
e nored by the nation for the nation's good.
His eminent ability and unobtrusive manner
will cause him to be appreciated by the en
e tire country.
The department of Justice is represented
by Wayne McVeigh, of Pennsylvania, who
F is a lawyer of distinction, and a gentleman
t who has been thoroughly identified with the
better elements of Pennsylvania politics.
He is professionally competent and will do
as well as any lawyer in a position where a
multiplicity of legal attainments is required.
Thos. L. James, represents the state of
New York as Postmaster General. He is ex
perienced in post-office matters, and managed
the most difficult of the subordinate positions
in the department as postmaster of New
York. This department represents sufficient
patronage to satisfy the most grandiloquent
of politicians.
As a whole the cabinet is eminently satis
factory, and represents the best elements in
the party. It is apparently designed for
work which is neeided to bring the party
back to the legitimate duties of a party as a
political factor, and not an exponent of
cliques and the paternity of jobs and the fos
terer of jealous and burning sectionalisms,
while it attempts to harmonize those same
elements, with what successs we cannot pre
diet, but which we believe will be impossible
withg:ut some popular manifestation that
shall operate to extinguish i.:fluences favor
able to the operation of "Machine" politics.
'Tils winter has been hard on the stock
raisers of the far West. Out in Montana the
cattle will cost more to winter them than they
will be worth in the spring. The some is
rue of the sheep. Hay is now $50 per ton,
and scarce, at that. Besides these drawbacks
more than one foutrh of the stock has died,
and the mortality list, it is expected, will be
augmented before spring. --Jetroit Free Press.
This is a specimen cf the paragraphs float
ing in the Eastern press relative to the Wes
tern winter, and which result probably from 1
the insane sa!atements of some Montana news
papers which have jumped at conclusions,
drawn from the worst instances of loss the
winter has ?fforded, and these statements have
become representative. We have had troubl6i
enough and sustained loss enough, without
drawing the picture in darker colors than
originally painted. There is no need of an
sweririg the above paragraph for our Terri
torial readers, who know that as a whole the
statement is a gross exaggeration and the con
clusion wide off the mark. One-fourth of the
stock may die by the time spring fairly opens,
but no such percentage is dead yet, and will
not be exceeded at the worst. Hay is not .'50
per ton, and has not been, except, possibly
in some isolated cases; the average has hard
ly been one half that sum. Such statements
are made without reflection, and are wild and r
THE editor of the vavnt Courier thus sar- o
castically comments upon the Superintendent P
of the National Park:
We have received a copy of the a
last annual report of the Superinten- P
dent of the Yellowstone National Park s
We intended to give a full notice of it, but r
Col. Norris has proved to much for us.
Sixty pages of his turgid Ihqlish, involved u
sentences, false science and inaccurate facts
(to use a mild expression), were more than L
our digestion could stand, so that we can not a
do the Colonel full justice. We regret this
the more, as we shall probably never see him
again in his official capacity at least, and we
would like to have him parse the following o
sentence from his report: n
"Leaving to the future scientists the tracing of the t
geological periods and formation of this interestingI~
region. I may in a general way state that, like the
Niagara and other great cataracts, the cataracts of the.
Yellowstone have eroded a deep channel up-stream, r
farabove their original location at the severed svur s
ot Mount W~shburn and the rim of the then and ele- e
vated Yellowetone Lake, at which time the fall of one,
or that large of a succession of these cataracts, was
far greater than at present."
He complains of tourists firing the grassa;
but he fails to mention that he himself fired t
the grass and timber on Pelican creek in e
three places. He speaks of the vandalism u
of visitors in carrying off specimens, while
he has himself shipped tons of specimens to
the States. He claims to have discovered the b
natural bridge and seems to forget that a tour- t
ist told him of it, and showed him the road
to it, and this is certainly dire ingratitude,
as he would otherwise not have killed his
famous 35 .gallons-of-oil-bear. Nothing t
seems to have irritated our worthy Superin- t
tendent more than the destruction of his t
sign-boards, with which he had labelled all
of the geysers, falls, etc. Hemu3st be lamen
tably deficient in all sense of the ridiculous, C
or he would certainly understand that he a
might as well put up a board on the banks of f
the Niagara with the name of the fails as to
label the wonders of the National Park. As
he is himself certainly the greatest fossil and
altogether one of the greatest natural curiosi- '
ties of the Park, we would respectfully sug- I
gest the propriety of getting up a subscrip
tion tobuy a signboard "well painted and
lettered," that might be firmly affixed to'some
prominent part of his body. We believe it
L- would prove "of great value to all persons"
n meeting him, and it would be a beautiful il
11 lustration of our civil-service system which
makes possible the appointment of such a
man to such a position.
g WE are having so many letters for publi
cation, the writers of which have, as if by
e common consent, assumed the pseudonym of
"Pilgrim," that we are obliged to number
e them.
The Apptorttoilzan("ma Bill.
e The Apportionment Bill passed the House
It on the 3d instant, by a vote of 145 to 113.
e It provides that, after the 3d of March, 1883,
a the House of Representatives shall be com.
posed of 319 members-to be apportioned
among the several States as follows:
r Alabama ................... ..................... 5
Arkansas .................. ............. 5
California ............... .........................
Colorado................ ................. 1
Connecticut ........ ............. .................. 4
Deleware ......... ...... ..................... 1
Florida........................ .................. 2
Georgia ...........................................1')
Illinois ...............................................20
Iowa.............. .......................10
K ansas.......................... ................. 6
Kentucky .............. ........ ...................11
Louisiana ............................................. 6
M aine .................. ................ ......... 4
Maryland ........................................ 6
Massachusetts ..................................12
Michigan......... .................................11
Minnesota........................................ 5
Mississippi ....................... .............. 7
M issouri .................. .. .....................14
Nebraska...................... ................. 3
Nevada .................................... ... 1
New Hampshire................. ............. 2
New Jersey....................... ................ 7
New York ............... .....................33
North Carolina.................. ................. 9
Ohio.............. . . .. ..... ..................21
Oregon......................... .......... 1
Pennsylvania.................. ...............28
Rhode Island.................................... 2
South Carolina ................ ............. 6
Tennessee ................ .................10
Texas ........................ . ... .. ...........10
Verm ont ..................... ....... ............ .. 2
Virginia .............................................10
W est Virginia...................................... 4
Wisconsin....................................... 8
The bill provides that if any new Stite is
admitted into tne Union, the representatives
assigned to it shall be additional to the num
ber 319. It also requires that, hereafter,
Congressional districts shall be composed of
contiguous territory, and containing, as near
ly as possible, an equal number of inhabit
ants; no one district hereafter being allowed to
elect more than one representive.
Whata ChTinese Immigration IlIeans.
[Salt Lake Tribune.]
East3rn people will get enough of John
Chinaman after a while. A Chicago Judge
is considering whether to grant citizen pa
pers to s .me Chinese applicants, and must be
anxious to grant the application or he would
not take time to consider, because the Burlin
game tr eaty (xpressly forbids such a thing.
We trust that he will grant the papers; that
some New YoPr-k Judges will follow suit,
and that a big colony of Mongolians will
grow up in both cities. That will cure East_
ern namby-pambyism on the Chinese ques
tion soonei than anything else. We hope
they will fix themselves in now prosperous
streets. After a year or two it will be noticed
that the white residents near by will com
mence to move away; that those who remain
will suddenly cease keeping chickens; the
newsboys will report' that they do not sell
any more papers on those streets; the grocery
stores will be removed from the corners of
the streets; the small mechanics will disap
pear; the morning papers will after a little
more begin to complain of an intolerable
odor in that quarter of the eity; then accounts
of the police raiding on opium dens will be
published; lewd slave women will begin to
show themselves at the windows; thie soul
avers will be forced to confess that after
patient work the only Chinaman they have
succeeded in converting has just been caught
robbing a house, and suddenly it will dawn
upon the mercenary and selfrighteous fools
who are now urging that this inheritance of
Americans, the United States, shall be turned
over to an inundation of Mongolians that
Chinese immigration is not a good thing;
that it means the crowding out of all gener
ous races and generous instincts; that it
means death to morals and business alike;
that it is slavery more debasing than ever
was African slavery; that its policy is simply
one of absorption; that it takes all within
reach and gives back nothing but filth and
sin. From the soil of China there are often
exhumed utensils and relics which show that
once a glorious race existed there. What
became of that race ? It is easy enough to
imagine. TJe Tartar hordes with poles on
their shoulders, and with a basket on
either end of the poles, stole down upon
them. They came with an expressionless
smile upon their faces; they were non-com
batants; it was impossible for a brave race
to fight them, they fixed their rude abodes
and went to work. The rich patronized
them because they did work cheaper than
the poor of our own soil; they congratulated
themselves upon getting vegetables cheaper
than they ever had before; they said to the
poor when work failed them, that labor
must always adjust itself to circumstances; 1
and so matters progressed until the poor wereI
forced away and suddenly the rich found
that they had no market for the surplus of
their farms, that trade was dead, that life
with the swelling ranks of the Mongolians
had become a torture too great to be boroe
and so they too, had to follow those their
avarice had driven away, and their couritry
was given over to the redeemless barbarians.
s" This country will not be given up the same
i- way because when the pest becomes unbear
able, the American laborers will draft a
code of their own, and a shrinking Congress
will hasten to ratify it. That will be a bad
iime for Chinese, and the men of the West
ry would fain make this final settlement unnec
)f essary, but they will not shrink from it when
,r it comes. The brightest, bravest men of the
old States settled the far West. They have,
with united voice, declared to the men of the
East that after watching the effect of Chin
te ese immigration for a quarter of a century,
it must stop. If the people of the East,
, through their avarice and through a false
1. sentimentality, deride the warning, we can
d stand it for a little while, until the poor of
Eastern cities, under intolerable sufferings,
5 file their protest, against the wrong and in
" justice, in flame and blood.
I The Northwest Territory.
FORT MACLEOD, February 17, 1881.
STo the River Press:
o This being the next thing to the North Pole,
13 I thought a few items would be of some use
0o to you. The snow is frightfully deep and
G has been so all winter, and the stock in these
6 parts are suffering considerably.
4 We are patiently waiting for the river to
6 break, as we all expect to get washed off in
2 the spring. We have had rather a lonesome
1 winter; we have a dancing club, with some
7 forty members. We are making preparations
4 for a grand blow-out on Washington's birth
The District Court is in session ; at present
nothing of interest, except Dutch Fred, an
3 old Bentonite, had quite an interesting suit
for tresspassing, which he won. He created
something of a stir among the Britishers by
defending himself in court We had quite a
z Beacher-Tilton case sometime back, of which
I will write particulars at some future time.
It is rumored in these parts that Major
Walsh, of Sitting Bull fame, is to get the
"bounce" this spring. The Indians are liv
ing on clover this winter; they are living on
those several reservations, drawing one pound
of fresh beef and one of flour daily; they
appear to be contented.
Upon the arrival of the ma'il !.'h last time,
some of the boys received a "keg" on permit.
Among the lot was one for Fred. Pace which
some of the boys succeeded in capturing on
the sly, but in the hurry to obtain a drink
before they would be discovered, one of the
party, which we will call Thumbs, in trying
to press the cork in with his thumb, it went
in quicker than he expected and consequently
his thumb followed, and he was caught in a
trap and fined ten dollars. They have changed
his name to "Bung-hole Bill."
We have preachers here, wholesale and re
tail. One Catholic, two Church of England
and one Methodist. Think of it and weep.
We expect a large emigration from Canads
to this place in the spring,'but I think it alt
talk; what are here want to leave.
Our mails are very irregular since Mr.
Farewell stopped carrying it, but I suppose.
the weather is to blame. RIESTLER.
First-Class Companies, possessing assets of FOUR
Represented by II. P. ROLFE.
The undersigned has a lot of good potatoes for sale
at his house, on his ranch, four miles from Benton, at
3 c-nts per pound. JOH-IN NEUBERT.
To the Farmers of Choteau County.
The coming season I will have three threshing ma
chines in operation, one a steam thresher of unlimited
capacity, so as to get their work done at an early per
iod, and not to be caught in th' snow,
Ranch for Rent.
Situated on the Missouri, 11 miles from Benton, with
100 acres under cultivation. Good buildings, granar
ies,. root hou-es and implements. 225 acres under
fence. For particulars app!ly to Charles Rowe, Ben
ton, or at this office.
Potatoes for Sale.
Charles Rowe wishes to inform the public that he
has a lot of choice potatoes stored in town, which he
will sell. For particulams enquire of Charles Rowe,,
I hereby warn all pers ns against trusting any one,
no matter whom, on my account, without an order
signed by myself. NARCIUS VAUIX.
Rangre. Teton. Brand on left side. Postoffioe
address, Ft.Ilenton. M. T.
AZ R. s. PRtCE,
Range-Judith Basin. Brand on either right or
left ribs. Address Fort Benton. Also owner by pur
chase ot the following brands: U on left thigh,. for
merly owned by P. D. Kenyon and Charles Lehman ;:
IWI on right ribs or right hip, formerly owned by Joe
Gehrett. All.persons are hereby warned against using
either of said brands ia any way.
HELE&A, Montana; December 5,1889.
I hereby certify that I have never sold to any party
whomsoever any cattle belonging to myself aml Chas.
Lehman, branded U on left thigh or G ventedon right
thigh, and never sold to E. Rosser any exceut four
head of steers. . T. D. KINYON.
R. S. Price now owns the above brand. Address
Fort Benton, M. T.
HILENA, Montana, Decembe, 8,1830.
This is to certify that I never sold any stock cattle
of my brand, G on right thigh, without the same be
ing vented, and never sold any with my brand and U
en left thigh to any person. JOSEPH GANS.
We have a fine band of horses, three and four years
old, of from h, t to three-quarter Dreed, whichwe will
sell at a fair market rate. J. H. EVANS& CO.
Fort Benton.
All persons are hereby warned against skinning any
dead cattle branded NV without a special permit from
me. and all parties are notified not to buy hides with
said brand. NARUIUS VAUX (Capt. Nelse).

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