Newspaper Page Text
_THE RIVE R PRES
Vol, I 'Fort Benton, MontanW ednesday, May 4, 1881. ji VoLL. ,I -----~-rr~~ ll~lxrc THE RIVER PRESS WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS, PUeLIsIERSs AN.D POPRIETORS. II C.. WI LLIAMS, - - - - - - -- EDITOR THEY will not let poor Beaconsfield rest, now that he is dead. The Radicals are op posing a monument to his memory on the grounds that it is in nature too partisan to enter into the national sympathies. TaIE Missouri is 22 feet 8 inches higher than it has been for 37 years in Ray and La fayette counties, Missouri, which the tele graph says are being rapidly depopulated, and a fearful loss of property has ensued. One of the most difficult tasks the wood en graver has had to perform this year was to "plug" the campaign woodcuts of Hancock and English so that enterprising newspapers might palm them off as accurate portraits of the murdered Czar. THE balance of trade in favor of the U. S. from August 2d to April 8th, was $82,000, 000, or $10,000,000 more than during the previous year. The probabilities are that the total amount will reach $100,000,000 dur ing the present fiscal year. TiE monetary conference will soon assem ble to determine the value of silver coin. When such politicol nonsense is indulged in by "statesmen," it is no matter for wonder that the "dangerous classes" should assemble to determine the value of a day's labor. Tans Chinese treaties will soon be up in the executive sessions, and probably will be rat ified. It gives general satisfaction, but the sand lot politicians and New England opium dealers, both of whom are dissatisfied, one because the treaty concedes too little, and the other because it concedes too much. THE Star Route investigation is opening a mass of corruption in which Gilmer & Salis bery are coming in for the principal share. It seems that they have been getting double pay on their contracts and for years having control of the machinery of the department to enable them to operate the most magnifi. can t swindle of the age. Wnho owns Deadwood ? is a question agi tating the minds of that somber town. They have built it upon mining claims, and the claimants under the mining laws are after it. The Commissioner of the Land Office has decided in favor of the miners, and the case has been taken to the Secretary of the Interior, who will. finally adjudicate it. The Deadwoodites must go. STH letter of Mr. Granville Stuart to Mr. Weatherwax, requesting the signatures of stockmen to the petition which follows it, is published elsewhere in this issue, and should meet earnest support from every stock-man in the country. The petition presents the case in its ,truest colors, and action thereon is necessary and vital. We will not comment on the letter because it needs none, but hope that every one will read it, and act upon its suggestions. A FALSIFICATION Of the rebel war records is being attempted in order to smirch the record of Gen. Logan. It has been discov ered and the clerks in charge are being watched or have been discharged. This is not a probable story. John is ad dicted to crooked ways, and the clerks are as likely to be discharged for being over zealous in their duty as not. That "secesh" regi ment he was reported to have held a commis sion in is still remembered, and it is quite probable that the rebel archives told too much for John's peace of mind. THE imbroglio over Robertson's noinina tion is getting into its virulent stage, as the executive sessions will be held after Thurs day, and will hardly be postponed be yond them. Both sides are confident, but there exists a general feeling that the Presi dent will win. That Conkling is not so con filenatas he seems is evident from the fact that he has been making overtures of settle mernt through one of his tributary senators; but which the President has refused to enter tain. This firmness of the President's is re freshing, and will carry him through success fully if he perseveres to the end. The pec ple will support him if the. Lords do not. COURT season has ended, and the court, the deputy and the lawyers who had cases in it have departed, and Benton is just now enjoying a short season of abnormal quiet. The usual spurt of business that occurs when the winter has broken has passed. The farm er is busy putting in his crops. The stock man is busy looking up his stock. The freighter is waiting for business to begin, I and everybody is looking and waiting for the boats. They may be looked for with cer tainty, provided nothing further in the way of accident occurs, between the 15th and the 4 20th of May, and when the boating season i does begin we may look for an activity we 1 have never known before, as the quantity of I freight that will come this wayis much great er, more building.will be done, the mines will take a boom through the introduction of the smelter, and a general awakening of the energies of the people wll ensue, so that we R may be certain that our period of dullness - will not be long. S WE present two letters on the Turner case, e one from the gentleman himself, and one n from "Vindex." We are sorry to see this case unider discussion. It is mysterious and obscure in its nature, and is one of those ,r which circumstantial evidence conspires to - render impossible of solution, but leaves it o- pen to the mind for such doubts as the tem I, perament or surroundings of persons may influence. It is unfortunate in this respect for Mr. Turner; and it is also unfortunate for ' those who were opposed to him. It is unfor 0 tunate that Dr. Turner should have made a k charge of conspiracy against those who op posed him when its nature was so obscure that it could not be proven but only assumed. In this it resembles his own case, and both sides to this controversy are apparently lab oring under the mistake of taking an assump tion or a combination of circumstances for a e fact. It is easy by inuendo and covert insin uation to keep up a controversy both on the conspiracy charge and the seduction charge, but in this case there is no evidence to prove either charge, while there may be found con siderable inferential evidence to sustain both. We would like to see the guilty convicted, r or something more] than mere to advance e plausible theories and possibilities which cannot be substantiated. It is not an agreeable sabject to contemplate by outsiders, e and it certainly should not be such to those engaged in the unseemly practice. There is e too much bad blood between the parties for · their own good, and we hope to see the sub ject dropped or else sufficient proof shown to convict. But Dr. Turner should not com plain, when he makes assertions about those whom he considers epposed to him, if they retort in kind. THERE is considerable discussion on the subject of the unusual meterological distur bances which have agitated the earth, and t the increased energy of the causes of mag netic disturbances. And these have become connected with the theory of planetary con junctions, Mother Shipton anid the predictions of the soothsayers, until there exists a well w defined belief in the efficacy of their predic tions of disaster. And now Prof. Proctor r comes with the startling announcement that the comet of 1860 will soon fall into the sun and cause so great an increase of solar ener gy that all forms of life on the planets will be destroyed. Of course there is a great deal of buncombe about all these, but in so far as the planetary conjunctions are concerned, there is a grain of truth. A great many newspa pers are seriously discussing the Mother Ship ton business, and many others are making fun of that and all the other dubious forbod ings, by placing themselves upon the theo ries of mathematicMl astronomy, and berating their brethern soundly for their credulity. t This is right enough and probably, will save Ssome nervous people nights of anxious wake Sfulness. But there is a strong; probability that there is something in it, and that the old science of astrology really had a foundation Supon which to base its fantastic system; and Sthe later and more profund researches into the subject of the vibratory nature of matter, Sand all molecular action and reaction are leading our science back into a realm which it was thought modern astronomy and chem Sistry had disproved and discarded. The spectroscope is explaining the nature of many mysterious powers, and seems to be reducing all nature to a unity whose ex Spressed term is motion, or force. Dr. Drap er and Sir Norman Lockyer have shown that the science of chemistry is only an arti Sficial formula, and that there is strong Sprobability that all the so-called elements are only different manifestations of the same thing, which theydiave attached to the Sword hydrogen, and which, in differing ra tios of vibratory motion and resistance pro- 4 duces all the manifestations of the "solid" elements, light, heat and magnetism. The idea is gaining ground among the savants that our astronomy is on the verge of a revolution, and if there is anything in the "vibratory" theory there are strong grounds 1 for a new construction of the forces that control and bind together our solar system. 1 The theory has been advanced that there is a magnetic sympathy, and magnetic polarity between the sun and the members of the solar system, and the hypothesis has become so far advanced, that these magnetic attrac tibons and repulsions have created well-defin ed magnetic currents which traverse the regions of space, and by which the planets 1 exert a great energy on each other and upon 1 the sun, being in time affected by the sun in all the reactions, i No form or manifestation of matter is known which does not assume a magnetic polarity within itself, and exert an influence of attraction or repulsion on every other par ticle; and every aggregation of particles from the grain of sand up to the .earth itself is [ known to exhibit this samne characteristic I t- and it is reasonable to assume from compari 11 son, even if observation and experiment did ie not prove it, that other worlds and all other ie matter exhibits the same property. In all re these bodies fhere is the tendency to equilib is rium, and a. balancing f forces that causes the phenomeflon of pQlarity, and there is al ways disturbance when nything conspires to e, destroy this polarity, w lch results from cur ke rents passing at right an .es to the poles. On is the earth and in the sun tis magnetic energy, d or whatever it is, is moes active at the equa 3e tors, and becomes nil at he poles, and it is ; presumed that these and the other bodies are it immense magnets, and :exert a magnetic - effect on each other; and it is also presumed Y that these magnetic currents exhibit analogous :t effects throughout the system, and that they >r are effected in about the same manner as r- they are manifeste'othe earth. a This will explain so!ewhat of the effects - produced when a numbr of planets happen e to be in perehelia abeut the same time, L because if there is anything at all in the h hypothesis of a magnetic circulation, it is evident that when m· y are exerting the same force in the same direction, at the same a time that considerable ;disturbance in the " magnetic equilibrium of them all must ensue e (we use the term "magnetic" only cormpara !' tively, what the force is is not known,) and e that this disturbance must affect the entire system. " So little is known of this that it is hardly grown into a respectable hypothesis, but evi e dence is constantly accummulating that there h is something in it, and much more than the n conservative scientific mind is willing to , admit, which looks upon. its old theories of e mathetical coincidences with a reverent eye, s and is loth to see them overthrown, as they r are gradually being, by other hypotheses that are more all-embracing in their scope, and o which admit of more rational application. It is strange that with the attractive force e of whatis called "gravit*tlon" that a negative Y or force of repulsion his not received more attention. The comet of 1848 approached the sun in a straight line, and it was believed that it would inevitably drop into it. In fact it did approach within 25,000 miles of it, and probably passed througl apart of its atmos phere. It is usual to attribute this to "cen trifugal" force, but if is centrifugal force is not something oer-moneentum this body should have dropped into the sun; but it was something more, and the force of the repulsion was sufficient to admit of a motion through its perehelion, of mil lions of miles per second, while the extremity of its "tail," which was forty millions of miles in length, swept through a broad are of 400 millions of miles in ten hours, always presenting its extremity from the sun, as of it was formed of something from the sun itself, that by repulsion acted to create it. Anyway, modern science is gradually ex plaining the nature and cause of many anci ent theories, and in the matter of astrological science, indicates that at some very ancient date people were possessed of a knowledge of matter far in advance of what they have had credit for, even if it was not in some cases superior to our own. To College Graduates! The American, a journal which is proba Sbly the ablest edited in the United States, and which is conducted on the same plan as the Nation, offers the following inducements for contributions, which we hope will find , favor from those here who are competent to fulfill the conditions. The standard of the e American is very high: f AMERICAN' COLLEGES AND AMERICAN JOUR S NALISMf. S A test of the capacity of theAmerican col - lege students and graduates, for practical i journalism, is about to be made by the AMER - ICAN. That paper offers $1,500 in prizes for ; the best editorials, the best special essays and a the best poems written by college students or e college graduates. e There are two sets of prizes-21 in all - offered by THIE AERICAN. One set is for - college students only, the second set of prizes is for those who have been graduated from American colleges. The topics are not lim Sited; and all articles uncuccessful in the com E petition, but which reach the standard ad Sopted by THE AnM~EcircAN, will be accepted 3 by the editor for publication in THE AMERI t c8N, and be paid for at the regular rates; thus, each competitor, if he can do anything Sat all with his pen, will not lose his labor. r The judges of the editorials and essays will Sbe active journalists of national reputation,-- 1 : r. Noah Brooks, of the New York Times; Mi. Walter Allen, of the Boston Advertiser, and Mr. M.P. HErdy, of the Philadelphia 1 Press. The judges of the poems will be gen. I tlemen competent for that duty. Their names willhliereafter be announced. -Every American college student or gradu ate should compete for these prizes. To ob tain full particulars, write with stamp, to W. R. BALCH, Managing Editor TE: AMEICAN, Box 1690. Philadelphia, Pa. I A resolution making the State canals free if passed to a second reading in the New York State Senate by a vote of 18 to 14.~ The Irish Question. [From the American.] It does little credit to the acuteness of the landlord interest, that they have never diS covered the ground upon which they might discredit and reasonably resist any innova in the land laws. They are disposed to fall back upon the abstract rights of property, and to denounce the agitators of all degrees as incipient Communists. But then they are met by the plea that the public interests com pel an interference with their rights in this case, just as they do in the creation of a rail road. And in the United Kingdom, private interests, however sacred in the abstract, always have to give way to the public when there is a collision. A much stronger defence of the landlords, and one which would divide the Irish agitators themselves, would be found in the contention that what Ireland needs is not legislation about land, but legis lation for the creation in Ireland of ,those "alternative occupations" without which the Irishman is not free to make what can be called a free contract. Give the IriShman something else to do ; create employment for him at home; utilize the vast waste of Irish labor. When that is done, you will not be forced to choose between driving either the landlord class or the tenant class out of the country. Then "the pressure of the people upon the land" will cease ; rents will be even higher than now, but far less burdensome, and harmony between the classes will take the place of this prolonged enmity. "But," cries every Whig, "do you mean us to create, on Irish soil, by protection, indus tries which will not arise there without it ?" Protection is one way of doing it. Another would be the exemption of manufacturing property from public burdens, and in some cases premiums upon native products. How ever it is to be effected, this is exactly what must be done for Ireland before there will be any high degree of prosperity and content ment among her people. Lord Dufferin is the only man of prominence, since Mr. Butt's death, who sees this clearly. Hip book on the Irish land question showed the selfish and wicked policy pursued by the manu facturing classes of England, in the destruc tion of the woolen and other manufactures of Ireland, and, by inference, the mockery of asking a people, thus deliberately ci pcked, in their industrial development, to enter upon a free competition with the manufactures of countries which had grown normally. But Whig doctrine was too strong for his judg ment. He dascribed the disease most ac curately, but he dared not even mention the remedy. What he did not propose will be effected by the logic of events. Discontent will continue, with but little abatement, what ever the new land law may do. It will end in separation from Edgland, and a protective tariff will be one of the first measures passed by the new Irish parliament. The condition of the laboring class in Eng land is even worse than that of. the farmers. In Bedfordshire, for instance, they are satid to be in a most lamentable and precarious condition. Their mental and moral growth is the most backward of any class in the two islands, being far below that of.the Irish cot ter or the Highland crofter. T'o keep the I wolf from the door has been the one strug gle which has occupied their whole life, and their children commonly have no time for I more education than can be got in a Sunday I school, as they have to earn their living as I soon as they are old enough t~ begin frighten ing birds out of a wheat-field. From that i they get their promotion to herding cattle, 1 and then to the hard life of a ploughboy, as t the steps preliminary to full work and full t wages. Full work means the very utmost t that a man's stength is equal to; full wages, the pittance that will suffice to keep body and soul together. "The fault,".it is said, "is in themselves. They have too many children." They do multiply very rapidly,as all unculti vated classes do. But it is useless to talk of faults to a class which have not the intelli gence to appreciate an evil or apply a rem- I edy. Here are millions of Enaglishmen, of pure Saxon and Danish blood most of them, who lie as absolutely outside the public life of the nation as do the Russian mnoujiks, or as did our own slaves. They have not the intelligence required for a larger horizon than their own parish. They are given no voice, in the councils of the nation. They are, I most of them, descendants of Saxon churls and medieval yeomen, who had land of their own by a tenure older than that by which the king had his crown. To this they have been forced by the long series of acts of violence and chicanery by which the ngbles got pos- , session of English land. And with these people is England's onechance for an agri cultural future. Beaconsfield's Death. In the early part of the evening he was i overcome with drowsiness, which gradually I deepened toward midnight into a stupor from which his Lordship was with difficulty aroused At 2 the stupor deepened into coma, and to ward 3 breathing becanie very much embar rassed. -Lords Barrington and Rowton con tinued to grasp the right hand of Beacons field until the last moment, his left hand be ing held in that of Dr. Kidd. About five minutes before breathing ceased, Sir Philip Rose and Dr. Quain arrived. Then a most placid appearance came over his Lordship's face, which deeply moved all in the room. It was a most touching scene as Lord Raw ton, Lord Barrington, the three physicians, Dr. Boehm, the young servant James, and two nurses watched around the bed, For ten minutes the most perfect silence was maintained, save the weeping of some pres ent. A few days ago the east wind, which persistently blew for ten days, changed into beautiful spring weather. The condition of the patient improved, and hopes were enter tained of his convalescence, but the east wind returned yesterday, and by last night the temperature had fallen to such an extent that during the entire bank-holiday much anxiety was felt for the noble Earl. Conscioue to the last, he awaited death with much fortitude. Arrangements for the funeral will be lft in! charge of the executors, unless otherwise or dered by the Queen. Dean Stanley has, of fered a grave in Westminister Abbey. A cast of the features was successfully taken. Bea consfield insisted upon reading all the medi cal bulletins before they were issued, freely criticising any points not in accordance with. his own opinions. He believed his i!ness would terminate fatally. PERSONAL AND IMPERSONAL.. There is a growing belief that the best way to have harmony in the Republican party is for the Bosses to endeavor to agree with th: rest of the party. The United States frigate Constitution left League Island eleven days ago, and has nor since been heard from. Fears are enter tained for her safety. In London, April 30th, the Rt. flon. Wm Henry Smith, biL P., purchased for ;£2,000 Mallais' portrait of B.eaconsfield, now on ex hibition at the Royal Academy. It is possible that Thornton, the present minister to Washington, may succeed Lord: Dufferin at St. Petersburg, and that Layard will succeed Thornton at Washington. The statement that the ex-Empress Eugs nie will pass through Paris ofnher way to. Milan to be present at the unveiling of the statue of her husband, was wholly untru-e, She has not less Englead. The judicial inquiry into the death of the Sultan Abdul Aziz continues. The disclos- ures made show that a plot was in contenm- . plation for the assassination of iall the imper ial princes and- the proclaiming of a new caliphate. The absurd Senate deadlock has had or good effect-it has thinned out the oftee seekers at Washington. No man, be he ever:, so hungry for office, has the courage to keep; on paying board while he waits for an ofice: that he may not get into before December. There were in the United States last year 1,005 iron and steel manufacturing establiah ments, in which was invested an aggregate capital of $280,971,884. In 1870 there were 808 establishments, with an invested capitaL of $121,772,074. The movement among the radicals is. op position to a monument to Beaconsfield, is. assuming form. An amendment will likely be offered in the House. The opposition. is based on the unusual character of the. pro posed monument. Some counter scheme will probably be put forward. They are getting terribly afraid of Tibhilisa in Roumania, as the Chamber of Deputies has enacted a very sweeping measure of pro tection. Thelaw authorizes the Govornnment to expel all foreigners even suspected of en tertaining des:gns dangerous to pablic se ourity. Bismarck has declared against the anti Jewish agitation, and the 225,000 .s ermans who petitioned to exclude Jews from eertain occupations and offices are doomed to disap pointment. The Crown Prince, F~edrick William, as might be expected from one of his many manly qualities, is even more op posed to~ the agitation than Bismarck. The following press account from Elgin is the most reliable received, and gives the full partitculars: A frightful calamity occurred yesterday morning by the swamping of the ferry used in crossing the river. It is esti.-. mated that thirty persons were on board the' boat and only fourteen were saved. Tlhe. boat was crossing from the west side, and when nearly two-thirds over began to fill. with water. The passengers in their con-_ sternation immediately flocked to the back part of the boat, clinging to the railing,. which gave way. As the water poured, into boat it sank below the surface, leaving thirty souls at the mercy of the waves. The water was fully fifteen feet deep and the cnrrent fsimiles an hour or more. The council or dered the boat as soon as the bridge fell, and it is a matteK of surprise that the accident had not occurred sooner. The boat is only eleven by eighteen feat, and does not stand more than six inches above water. Mueh in dignation is felt against both the Cincil and the builders of the boat. So fair oas erta ed the lowest estimate of the loss is ftro tw l ve to fifteen lives.