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THE RIMVEneyR PRES. _
ValI. Fort Benton, Montana, Wednesday, May i1,1881.No29 FR AN K'S NEW S DEPOT. TOBCCOAND CIGARS! CONFECTIONERY, NUITS, CANDIES Fruits of all Descriptions. CUTLERY, PLAYING CARD Perfumery and Fancy Soaps. Line of Smokers' Articles, Seaside Librarie Novels of all descriptions, and all the Illustrated Papers. H. P. ROLFE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. (Associated with Sanders & Cullen.) U, S. Deputy Mineral Surveyer. Trn year's experience in government surveying. The best instruments used. Collections, insurance, mining,, homestead and all land claims attended to OFFICE, NEAR WETZEL'S, FRONT ST., FORT BENTON. JhO. W. TATTAN, ATT RNEY ad COUNSELOR AT LA O ibce of the County Clerk, FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA. J. A. KANOUSE, Attorn~ey and Counselor at La FORT BENTON, MONTANA. NOTARTY PUBLIC AND JUSTICE of the PEACE, Main St., bet. Baker and St John, MAX. WATERMAN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, FT. BENTON, MONTANA. Will practice in all the courts of the Territory. Spe cial attention given to criminal practice. JOHN W. D Civil Enginieer, ARCHITECT -AND United States Dep.lMineral Surveyor BENTON, MONTANA. PETER SMITH, COFFIN MAKER, -AND General Undertaker, HEAD OF BOND STREET,j FT. EZENTON, MONTANA. FURNITURE REPAIRING A SPECIALTY. MVETROPOLITAN HOTEL, CORNER MAfIN AND GRAND STS., HELENA, Ill. T. Zimmer &, Wolpert, Prop'rs. NEW, NEAT AND PIRST-OLAS8. Board by the Week...............$6 00 Three Meal Tickets........... .....1 00 Lodging..................................... 5 First-Class Beds. A bar in connection with the house, where fine wines, liiquors and cigars are kept. The patronage of the public is respectfully solicited. RI TOURISTS, TRAYELLERS .AND FREIGHTERS! I have just refitted the House known as the 28-HIile Sping, in the best manner for the recep tion and entertainment of the traveling public, and in addition have piureciased a Fine Livery Tease 51n( Erarrhage for the purpose of carrying Tourists to the (Great Falls Also Tents, Fishing Tackle, Guns. and Sporting Goods of Every Discription for their SPECIAL ENJOYMENT. Tourists will not only find everythlng at my House for heir Comfort and Enjoyment, but they may also enjoy aperiod of relaxation and pleasure at the Falls, Through Travelers will find Splendid Meals and ac Colrnoodation at reasonable prices. Frefghters will find Everything they may require for themselves or stock. I have a full stock ot (Runedc Goods, MKeats, Liquors, Cigars and4 Tobaccos, and can ofter the best inducements for their patronage. Everything is neat clean and at Irjitive A. F. VTANCE. Choteau House NEW HOTEL Thloroughly Refitted and Jewly Furished. SULLIVAN & HILL, Proprietors. Conducted on first-class principles. Everything new neat and attractive. Feeling assured that we can offer the very best of accomimodatlon, we res pectfully solicit the atronage of h PRICES REASONABLE. Eh LA.RGEST AND BEST HOTEL IN CHOTEALT COUNTY. THE RIVER PRESS. WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS, PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS. H. c. WILLIAMS, - - - - - - - EDITOR ORGANIZE! If the troops be removed, it is necessary for our citizens to organize a militia force for defence or attack upon the marauding Indians. We are strongly in favor of severe offensive measures. If the government has forgotten us, let us wake up the government with'an Indian war which will be justified by every instinct of the preservation of our lives and property. RoB'T FisK, our contemporary of the IHer ald, was unanimously confirmed as postmas ter at Helena. We extend congratulations. THE Senate Judiciary Committee has re ported adversely upon the non' nation of Stanley Matthews. This man is totally unfit for a judicial position. His antecedents are of the most mercenary and corrupt charac ter and the country will be glad if he fails of confirmation. R. . S. FORD, of Sun River, the best authority in the Territory on cattle matters, informs us that the loss in the Sun River dis trict is about 15 per cent, and the average loss throughout the Territory about 10 per cent. Considering everything this is not bad. It is a peculiar business that is not called upon for a loss of ten per cent. of its capital stock occasionally. KITED STATES Marshal Botkin appears ' a letter referring to a charge in Granville Stuart's letter in arraigning U. S. Marshals for not preventing the sale of liquor to In dians. The Marshal believes the charge was unjust from the difficulty and almost impos sibility of getting specific evidence to con vict. The general knowledge that the In dians have liquor is too vague, and any one who will consider the many ways in which whisky is provided and sold, and the few whose business it is to look such matters up, will concede that Mr. Botkin is not unreason able in wishing to be relieved of entire res ponsibility for the acts committed by all the r drunken Indians in the Territory. THE man who came out in a card was a gentleman, according to his views of the matter, but unhappily for him, his views did not concur with those whom he denomina ted liars, who consider the matter from a re verse standpoint, and consider the terms used by the party of the first part applicable only to himself. We believe they all are more than half right, or they would hardly be so earnest in stirring up a carcass that has nau seated the whole community; the doing of which seems to afford both the parties to this case so much mental pleasure. There are many fears expressed on the part of the public that this unfortunate affair will result in a bloody encounter, in which bowie knives and 50-calibre revolvers will take prominent part. But we earnestly ad vise the public, from our intimate knowledge and acquaintance with both paxrties, that there is nothing to fear. True, revolvers will figure conspicuously-by their absence. Knives will be used-but with no more dangerous in tent than to dessicate their provisions. One ever walks the streets unarmed and the other will kick, cane and beat their antagonist -40 rods away. One great peculiarity of this unfortunate matter is, that they are both at home-and both will stay there. When No. 1 goes to dinner, he carefully surveys the length aud breadth of the street, and if he sees any of the band of No. 2 he returns home. It No. 2 are out on the platform when No. 1 Is pass ing, or is seen coming from afar off, they carefully slide back through the business office, past the mahogany counter, into an in terior den, where they are "at home." The war is carried on from their respective re treats, the. weapons of one party being a Webster, a Worcester, three encyclopedias, some grammars, and several spelling books -all absolute necessities when they wish to fire anything but a squib. The other from constant want of practice with these Imple ments does not need them, and relies solely on pen and ink, which is used in connection with a Babbage multiplier-a sort of literary mitraleuse without a vent hole. It is a pleasure; to know that both are per petually unarmed, and more is the pity. We can only hope they wil exchange this pleas ant harmless attitude for one more billigerent, for the public would gladly see them shoot each other to the death, but we much fear that the only shooting indulged in will be of the mouth. If they could .~be tied, like the Killikenny cats, by the tail, and hung over a clothes line, there to have It out, poetic justice would be meted. PBESIDENT GARFIELD has met his di lemma of theiRobertson nomination squarely, and has proceeded to carry the war into Af rlga by reconsidering all the Conkling stal wart nominations and placing the iesse on a straight administration platform, on which the administration is placed in direct opposi tion to the State bosses and State control of the United States government. This is the first manifestation of an independent govern ment since Andrew Johnson was subdued by the senatorial ring for a policy which time has since demonstrated was statesmanlike and wise. Every American and lover of a strong government which in some measure, at least, represents the people, will be glad o see the struggle taking a decisive phase, rd to see that we have at last got a Presi ent who is strong-willed enough to control his own perogatives and strike down the ca bal which has so long governed the nation through the corruptest and most irresponsi ble body of men known in American poli tics, and not surpassed anywhere. Many Re publicans believe it will split the party. We believe that if the Republican party has no other reason for existence than' to further schemes of individual aggrandizement and petty personal policy, the sooner it splits the better it will be for the country, and for Re publicans. But we also brlieve that Gar field's success in this matter will ensure re newed life to the party as his failure would consign it forever to the petdition of things sed up and worthless. The independent oters will stand by the President. Tu question of removing the troops from ort Benton has been often discussed, until he fears created by the possibility of its ac omplishment had lost their potency. But on 1 Friday evening came tidings that the troops be withdrawn, and with the tidings came a fear that had some cause in its being from the depredations of Indians which have been impoverishing our stock-men, and a fear that the withdrawal of the troops was a move ment foreshadowing no good to this commu B nity nor to the great interests that are lying around us and now suffering from want of protection, which has been so scantily fur nished that it has not been as effective as our necessities have demanded. Why were the troops ordered from Benton, the frontier town of the Territory; the town where much wealth lies exposed; the town which is the center of the largest grazing and agricultural section that is exposed in the United States, and the town which lies of the door of the e largest reservation in the whole country? Why were the troops ordered to Fort Shaw, a post that has been of noause to the country surrounding for severaly:ears, that is sixty miles in the interior, in the nAdstf a section _ that needs no protection, and demands none ? because all attacks from Indians must first pass Benton and a few adjacent hamlets. These are questions which occur to every one as being among ideas which emanate from the brains of a War Department alto gether ignorant of our needs, of our geogra f phy, and of the disposition of the settled por tions of the country with reference to it. It may be asked, what effect in preventing rIndian depredations can one company have ? 1Little enough* of actual force when the vast I territory depending on it as a means of defence is considered, and yet a moral Sstrength very great, and strongly apparent just now when every day brings in the lists of property recovered through this moral sup Sport. That they cannot prevent depreda tions with their small numbers is not to be wondered at. That matters are no worse is .in a great measure due to their efforts. Does any one suppose that the civil authority could render the assistance it has, had it not been for the strength that is known to exist behind it, and which these Indians of the North have known how to respect since the so-called Piegan Massacre taught them that there was a terrible force in a few cay airy troopers well led. Half a dozen compa nies would be better, and would render more assistance, but one is very much better than none. The Indians know as well as we where the troops are, and they know very well that a only a few hours will suffice to bring them to a given point, and with the camp at Benton the chain is complete for rapid concentration; with the troops removed from Benton they will see a wide gap from Assinnaboin to Fort Shaw, 140 miles distant, and from the poist at Fort Mis soula to Fort Maginnis 250 miles distant. With this wide gap exposed, Indian nature would certainly assert itself, to raid through it to 'plunder and massacre without fear of hin derance in time to be of any service to the settlers except that offered by the settlers themselves, for a raid would be successfully accomplished before troops could be concen trated. A glance at the map will assure any one that Fort Benton is the most important point in Northern Montana for, not a single company of troops, but for half a regiment. Its position at the head of navigation makes it by a necessity that will always be apparent, the depot of supplies, both for the people of Northern Montana and for all the military posts that are a necessity so close to the *British frontier, and always will be a neces sity so long as that territory is under the con trol of Great Britain. The quantity of goods brought in here every season is enormous, the war department alone consigning more than ten millions of pounds annually, that must depend on the civil authorities to pro tect even when the entire population of the territory tributary is outnumbered two to one by starving savage tribes. The very nature of the stock interest is a perpetual In vitation for Indian depredations; settlers scat tered thinly over a wide expanse of territory, with only occasionally a sparse neighborhood even; the stock scattered so widely that only the certainty of severe punishment causes even the partial respect for such property that now exists, and which will wholly dis appear when the only apparent source of power is withdrawn; and Benton, the entre pot of so much valuable property, and the center around which clusters such great in terests, is left without even the shadow o power or a source from which may be drawn a force for protection or punishment, while Fort Shaw, on a line that has lost every ves tige of strategic importance and which is so far removed from the exposed parts that ac tion from that point would be useless and im practicable, receives three companies for no other perceptible reason than to preserve the old rotting sheds and the flower-gardens of the officers' wives. We do not think that the war department errs intentionally in this matter, it is more reasonable to presume that it partakes of the popular idea that the whole of Montana is a savage waste, and that the same reasons ex ist for force in one part as in another; we be lieve that its action is due to lack of know ledge of the strategic points of defence, and the points from which hostile force can be manifested. Assinaboin lies nearly in the center of the great Indian reservation, And is admirably situated for the control of a civil ized and compactly organized people. But for protection from Indian depredations it is nearly useless. If the whole of the Indian force of this great reservation was a unit;,the force stationed at that post would be better able to act against them from that point than from any other in the north. But the` Indians of this reservation are not a unit, and their depredations do not consist in a regular movement, as of an organized army. On the contrary, they are scattered along a frontier of several hundred miles, and make their operations in bands of from three or four to twenty, and over a great extent of Territory and which a great unit of force, like that of Assinaboin is powerless to either prevent or avenge. It is obvious that the only method. to meet a warfare conducted on such princi-. pies is not by a single compact, strong orga nization, but by numerous small ones, dis posed so as to be within supporting distance and organized for quick movement. The reservation comes to within only a few miles to the north of Benton. To the east and south nearly as far as Arrow creek, are a series of stock ranges, interspersed with fine agricultural valleys, and well filled with stock men and farmers. To the west is the entire range between Sun River and the Ma rias, extending nearly to the Rocky Moun tains, embracing 8,000 square miles, and the most of this occupied with cattle and sheep men, and parts of it developed to a high ca pacity; and a large country to the south of us. On the north the Indian reservation pre cludes settlement, but leaves the Indians free to carry on their depredations, and the only point where protection can be available, Ben ton, is left exposed to their ravages. Eigh teen thousand square miles is a reasonable estimate to place on the Territory looking to us for support, and which looks upon this as the only point where support can be made available for any actual use. What we need in or near Benton is not one company but a permanent post of four or more. We do not need the soldiers quartered right in the very center of the town, where they come in di rect contact with the citizens and are exposed to all the vileness of town life. Directly across the river, is a military reservation which if it had been designed solely for the purpose of a military post could not have been made more convenient or applicable. There are other suitabole camping places within a mile or two of town, and that is close enough for dll the purposes of the mili tary. At some convenient point they should be stationed, and suitable buildings erected for their quarters. But we need the troops and need them badly, not only for the protec tion of Benton, which in emergency might protect herself, but for the protection of the outlaying settlers and interests which are dependant upon us, and whose weal or woe is our own. This whole Indian question is assuming an alarming phase, and we do not make this assertion from a feeling of panic or moment ary fear, but from an apprehension that has its existence in the terrible condition of the a Indians themselves, a condition which must impel them to do something to keep them selves from starving, a conidition which is driving them to a point of despairing resist- c ance, and which we feel they arejusts)Eed by t2 the stern logic of necessity in assuming. We a wish it were possible for our government to C know the terrible condition of these Xndians. a The supply of large game is nearly extinct, while the mouths to be fed are increasing; they have passed through a winter that has destroyed the little stock they possessed, and they are absolutely without food. They are eating the dead carcases left on the prairie they are cracking the bones and chewing the hides of the animals they kill; they have eaten their horses, their dogs, everything that was eatable they had : and now they are eat ing the stock that belongs to the whites-and who can blame them? The demands of an Indian stomach must be appeased from some source, and there is no source but the cattle of the whites; and this demand must be sat isfied, and the effort to stop it by the scattered settlers will only goad the Indian to a last, despairing, relentless struggle for existence a struggle which will be a tale harrowing in its nature, and wasting in its effects, and which our government is calmly and coolly, but ignorantly inviting by its suicidal policy of denuding the country that is so exposed of its troops. The Indian must be tied to the soil or be exterminated. If the first, we need five thousand more troops to compel it. If the last, we need five thousand more troops to execute it. If we must do it ourselves, we must organize at once, and that will cost us our summer's work, destroy our incipient in dustries, cost us lives worth more than all the Indians of North America. It is out of 'h: question. We must have more troops, not less. We must have them where they are needed to protect, or defend, or attack; not where their sole occupation is the training of rose bushes, and the construction of tulip beds, at Fort Shaw or elsewhere. Fort Benton is in telegraphic communica tion with all the outlying posts; it is on the extreme frontier; it is connected by roads with all the military posts, and sections that need protection. It needs protection itself. TLe country around it needs protection more thin any other section of the Territory. It is in closer connection with all parts of the frontier than any other point, and the country Ncan be easier protected from Benton than :om Assiniboin or elsewhere. The interests are the greatest. in the Territory, and our means of protecting them the least. Troops are needed here now, and they are being withdrawn; we need half a regiment, and they give us a single company. - We will need them for several years yet, and they are being taken away at the very crisis of our existence. It is useless to say that one com pany has exerted no influence; that the com pany that has been here has exerted no influence. It has exercised greht influence, and that it has not prevented Indian depreda tions is not its fault, but the fault of the gov ernment, which has left for fifty men the work of keeping down four thousand starving Indians, operating over a territory as large as the whole of New England. We believe that the infamous Indian ring which has infested Northern Montana is at the bottom of this. It. is the interest of this ring to concentrate the troops, and to keep them concentrated; their own interests impel them to keep them out of active service, and to continue them in the labor of floriculture, and-whisky drinking. The sutler at Assin aboin, Broadwater, has his sub-agencies in nearly every post in Montana. The whisky that is prohibited by the Department is freely had by the soldiers from some source, and the only source perceptible is the source supplied by those sutlers. They steal in differently from the soldier and the Indian, and are the source of more trouble to the army, the government, the settler, than any other element in either the army, the govern ment,or anlong the settlers here or elsewhere. The inefficiency charged to the army belongs to them and to no other. Troops in Benton afford this ring no pickings ! The Bismarck Tribune is now issued daily. It is not a large nor a pretentious sheet, but is brim full of news, and that is the great duty of a daily. Here is what it has to say for itself : Henceforth and forever the Bismarck Daily Tribune will appear. It is an institu tion founded to meet the requirements of a prosperous and enterprising community, and will strive in every particular to merit the support which is necessary for its success. Identified as the Trdbune has always been with the growth and prosperity of Bismarck it now marks a new era in the only metropo lia of the Great Northwest, by issuing daily. A cable dispatch, of the 28th ult., announ ces the death of Emile de Girardin, the prea est of French journalists. He was 'born in Paris in 1808, and was the natural son of CounttGirardin and Mme. Dupuy. His early life was a struggle to obtain his name and title. He was a prominent actor in French aff airs during the last fifty years. He was m intense Republican, of socialisticp ten lencies. A Paris dispatch states that the conditions )n which the Nihilists are willing to cease heir agitation were committed to the Czar by Sdelegate of the Revolution Committee? The izar listened to all the messenger bad to say mtd then had him arrested.