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SUBSIDIES IN MEXICO.
Serious Troubles Anticipated as a Re. suit of the Enormous Drain upon the Mexican Treasury. N Ew ORLEANS, May 4.-The Picayune, us ually~considered authority on Mexican affairs, anticipates trouble from the enormous sub sidies which her present rulers are granting to railway schemes, it being utterly impossi ble that she can meet the heavy drain on her treasury and resources, or that the people will remain quiet under the strain. At the lowest calculation, one hundred million dol lars are already granted railways, the Gould line from Laredo to the City of Mexico alone taking $20,000,000 out of the treasury within the next two years: Other subsidies swell the amount to $75,000,000 or $80,000,000 due before 1883. Where the money is to come from, with an average annual income of but $19,000,000 to meet $29,000,000 average an nual expenditures for the ordinary expendi tures of the Government, is a problem which it it is morally certain will speedily engage the attention of statesmen, economists and politicians on both sides of the Rio Grande. The masses are already apparently suspicious and fear the encroachment of Northern cp italists. When these millions and tens of millions of money are drawn out of the country to help pay for these improvements, the Administration which favors the schemes will doubtless find a powerful party arrayed against it, the United States will be called up on to protect its citizens in their contracts and preserve their property from destruction and conquest will likely follow bankruptcy. Enormous taxation is inevitable if the sub sidies are to be met, and in either case it is morally certain we shall have a recurrance of popular discontent which will need but little prompting to run into a revolution. Something Like a Tragedy. Neapolitan society, says the London Tele graph, has lately been much exercised by a terrible "tragedy in high life." For some time past the Countess del Cigno, a lady of extraordinary beauty, has been notoriously at odds with her husband,a gentleman to whom she had, at the urgent interest of her family, most unwillingly given her hand, her heart having been already bestowed upon a young Austrian artist, who quitted Europe for America on the day of her marriage, only-re-1 turning thence to Naples a few weeks a He became, it would appear, a frequentgeº t at the countess' evening receptions-a fact which reached the ears of Count del Cigno at his club, where he spent the greater part of his time, by night as well by day. One even ing, just as the painter was issuing from the doorway of the Palazzo del Cigno, the count drove up to the chief entrance, and, while alighting from his carriage, noticed his wife on the first floor balcony, waving her hans in farewell to her old lover as he descended the stone steps leading to the street. Without a moment's hesitation the count drew a stiletto from the breast pocket of his coat and buried it to the hilt in the bosom of his rival, who ] fell mortally wounded to the ground. As Del Cigno was getting into his carriage, however, a bullet from the Austrian's revolver, fired as -it were in extremis, passed through his head, E killing him on the spot. Five minutes later , the artist also breathed his last. This hor- a rible encounter took place under the very , eyes of the countess, upon whom the specta cle of her husband's and lover's violent death I inflicted so overwhelming a shock that she became a raving maniac, and is now under restraint in a lupiatic asylum near Naples. The Power of a Snowdrift. 5 The Northwestern Railway Company has spent over three hundred thousand dollars ' in the fight against snow since October last. Thirty-four immense snow ploughs have had d plenty of work, and these have been packed.a up tremendously by from two to sixtlocomo- '1 tives each. The might of these ploughs and the great power of a snowdrift may be esti mated from the facts that one plough weigh- 6 ing 48,000 pounds, ballasted by 80,000 tl -pounds of railway Iron and driven by six lo- b comotives, attacked a snow-chocked cutting P but was defeated. The' drift was 59 feet L high. When the workmen, after the-treinen- h dous charge, cauight a -glimipse of the im mense plough, they fouind that it, withi all itsv 128,000 pounids had been repelled as if it' werea a feather, and thait it had rolled disconsotate.. ly over the-drifft anid had lodged against somea forest treel, where it Proposer 'to remain un til sumimers Fidom oneicut 324,000 cubic yards of sinow were Yakibl, bult ini eight hoursa the wind hiad piled ~it fpfull tagain. Nine ' thousan(I men hav6i een ez plfiyed from -time to timne during the winte* 'asshovellers. i Terrible Aekknt.n - ki GALVICaToN, May 4.--A Weatherford spece. ial to the .Newas gives further particulars os the fearful wreck of two freight 'trains at al 1 o'clock yesterday iearnung, 'o :tbo- Texas Pacific zairoad, 178 gnthes west of -Weather ford, caused by heavy rains, similar to' wa -terspouts,:tearing away two tressel bridges., u The englneer, 4. B. Banders, and the firema.n Lyon,, of the south bound train, and Frank r and RLobert Lusee, engineer and fireman, and a brakeman; of the eaist 'bound 'train weretl killed, and conductor B1orner and brakeman p Edmnunds, of the west bound train were in- 4 jured, the former seriouly. 5everal others were injured slightly. During the debate in the Heichastag on the W bill restricting the municipal house tax, in the case of impenaI emnployeps, o the Axe4 st maximum, Richter attacked the bill. Bis marck, replying, said he intended to move at " the next session for the removal of the Ger man and Prusian governments to some other city more equitable in her demands and less likely to influence Parliament and the offi is- cials, and it would then be seen what value Berlin attached to the presence of the central b- authorities. PERTINENT PROTEST. er ile An Earnest Protest Agaiinst the Removal ýe of Troops from Fort Benton, ld The mass meeting of citizens on Friday ae evening, at the Court House, was a success m in so, far as attendance was concerned and in ie the very general expression of interest that ie was manifested in the subject which occas ie ioned the meeting. ut Judge Tattan called the meeting to order in - a few pointed remarks in which he briefly - truched upon the precarious terms by which .h business was carried on in this section owing e to Indian depredations, the necessity of mili id tary to assist in regulating them, and the e. general usefulness of a military organization 's in this frontier post. P T. E. Collins was elected chairman, and ) Jas. Arnoux secretary. te Mr. Collins asked for the sense of the 91 meeting relative to the desirability or neces 3 sity of retaining the Post, or the order allowed d to go into effect without protest. The secretary then read a digest of a mem orial to be telegraphed to the War Depart n ment, setting forth the great loss and depletion of stock by Indians, the paucity of force to prevent them, and the necessity of more pro , tection than could be afforded by one com e pany; closing with a protest against the removal of the present company and a prayer for more, and the establishment of a perma nent post. Mr. Tattan moved that it be adopted as the - sense of the meeting, and that a committee 1 of three be appointed to collect funds for tel 3 egraphing the same to the Secretary of War. t Mr. Buck thought that the question should t be confined to a rescinding of the order. of I removal for the present; that it would not be wise to ask for a permanent post at this juncture. The motion was withdrawn. Mr. Hunt moved that a committee of three / be appointed to draft resolutions in accord ance with the above. Mr. Todd did not like the terms of the resolation. Mr. Tattan explained that it was hurriedly drawn, and that it was simply the intent of 1 Mr. Hunt's motion to amplify it. The country was in the midst of a crisis; Indians had stolen and were now stealing great numbers 1 of cattle and horses; the troops had not been generally used, but the knowledge by the Indians that the troops were here prevented greater trouble; the business men of the town were interested, even when they did not derive direct benefit. Mr. Turner thought the troops were use less. Mr. Hunt concurred in the remarks of Mr. Tattan, and added that it was a matter of evidence that Indians had destroyed more: stock than the cold of winter. The militsry were the only protection to the people of this section by giving some security at least, to~ settlers and stock men. Mr. Todd believed the military had not been a protection. Cattle had been killed in every direction and the military were power- a less to prevent it. I Messrs. Buck and Todd engaged in some I rhetoric pro and eon, in which the points : above were reiterated. Mr. Tattan remarked that the discussion was becomiag irrelevant. This meeting was not a committee of investigation on the con duct of the troops at this post. That was a matter solely within the province of the War Department. We were to discuss simply the g state of the country and the necessity fore military protection. It was not the first time a that private interests had .conspired against the troops; to abandon the post now would 2 be to abandon all effort to obtain a permanent post; if the power of the troops was insuffic jent to cope with the Indians they should be 5 increased, not diminished. Mr. Todd had no barracks to rent-no sil ver dollars to lose or gain by the military, and no private interests one way or the other. d 'The chair declared the discussion irrelevant and out of order. It must ~he motion to reconsider., The motion was put and lost. The interregnum was a void owing to the absence of the Ciceronic element in theJ meeting. A resolultionl was read by the secretary ask ing that a permanent post with four compan ies be established at .or near ,Benton, as fol lowsa:, Be it Resolved; By the citizens of FortH Benton in mass meeting aspembled: 1. That all honorable means be inaugur- . ated to have the military authorities rescindf the~ order removing 'the troops from Fort Benton. 2. That all; the interests of Benton land Uhoteaw scounty demand that a permanent post be built by the Oovernment, to be gar risoned by at least four 'companies, in the vicinity of. Benton, to protect it and the 8et- I tiers of Choteau county in their lives and I property, and to materially assist in the set tling and developing the country. SThe committee reported, and ~Mr. Todd asked that its report'be read before proceed. lug to adtl upon the resolutions. Mr. Tattan was not in favor of expressing an opiialon as to the permanent post or'the is- number of companies; we should be conter t at with one company and not ask too much. Mr. Todd was in favor of the resolution, as but before it was voted on he wished to hear fi- the report of committee and moved that it be ie tabled. al The motion was put and the resolution was tabled. The committee then reported the following resolution: Be it Resolved; That we, the citizens of Fort Benton and Choteau county, in mass meeting assembled, do earnestly protest against a discontinuance at this point of a 6y military post, and for these reasons: gs 1. That during this past winter and spring n the depredations of Indians have been very it great, and unless some protection be afforded s- the settlers in our surrounding country, the danger to life and property will be alarming. n 2. That such protection must and can y only be afforded by military at Fort Benton, h the natural centre of the radius of country g most traversed by the roaming Indians in i- their return from the Musselshell and Judith Le country to the British possessions in the n north. 3. That by retaining the troops at this d point the Indians are, in so far as the military has been able, held under a restraint which, e though inadequate to effectually check great ;- damage already done, has been of material d aid in protecting the stock interests of our county from incalculable losses. 4. That the only redress which our citi zens wish to seek is the effective aid of U.S. a troops, insomuch as our civil anthorities are 3 and will be utterly powerless to afford the - protection requisite, and upon the military - alone do we wish to call for security to our p lives and property. That we respectfully r represent that the presence of troops in Fort - Benton is an imperative necessity, without which our settlers feel insecure in their homes and in danger of their herds, and we do ear nestly pray that the order to break up this post may be at once revoked, and the military allowed to remain in protection of our lives, I our property and our welfare. That in the event of a withdrawal of the troops the nearest point of protection will be Fort Shaw, at a distance of about 65 miles from Benton, and at too great a distance to respond to a call for aid in case of an emer gency. A debate ensued over the provisions em bodied in the resolutions, arid the points covered in the previous discussion again re iterated. It was finally moved to put the adoption of the resolution to a rising vote, which was done, only one dissenting. Mr. Tattan moved that a committee of three be appointed to raise funds to pay the cost of telegraphing resolutions to the War Department. Carried. The same committee which drafted the resolutions was appointed, namely Messrs. Conrad, Tattan and Hunt. Mr. Tattan moved to adjourn, to again assemble when the reply of the Department was received. Adjourned. NewAr Galer 0EEA .T HADGOY 8HUT Ha oend~ p 8haC) o oal hyae rpe od p11(lhn Ial t tnhs Patls d -tn -ae oo orfo ok etpcue p n tprcst uttetms C)8 lA -0 Weke nsoka aenwO adaag un tiyofte eebae NEW HOUSE! GANS& KLEIN Will Open About the 15th of May With the Largest and Finest Stock of CLOTHI NC, BOOTS, SHOES, HATS, CAPS, FUR NISHING GOODS, Ever displayed in Northern Montana. At Murphy, Neel & Co.'s Old Stand. ANNOUNCEMENT! NEW GROCERY HOUSE. On or About May 20th, W . H. BUR GESS will open a Magnificent stock of ;ho ice Family G roceries. mbracing trade fancy Canned Fruits, Canned Vegetables, Mocha, Java agid other Coffees, the best Assorted Teas, Dried Fruits of every variety, Canned Chicken, Turkey, erc., Barns, Bacon, Mess Pork, Beans, Rice ALL CANNED GOODS A SPECIALTY. Hominy, Fine Segars of ali Descriptions, Catsup, pickles, SauceS, aud in fact Everyihing pertaining to the stock of an EASTERIN GROCER~Y HOUS~E. $20,000 WORTH OF GROCEFRIES. The Firm will also carry a spilendid stock of the finest mrefully Selected by Mr. Burgess, Who has been In the East selectiug bsis Goods himself. Elemember, Murphy, Noel & Co*'s old stand, Front Street, Benton, 1M. F* W. H. BURGEISS.