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V0o I F'ort Benton, Montana, wVeesda y, May 18, 1881. o. 30.
Transact a General Banking Business. Keep current accounts with merchants, stock men and others, subject to be drawn against by checks without notice. PAY INTEREST on TIME DEPOSITS We buy and sell Exchange on the commercial center of the United States. WE WILL GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO TIHE RU.SINESS OF NORTHERN AND CENTRAL MONTANA, A nd will make such loans to stock men and farmers as are suited to their requirements. Local Securities a Specialty, Colectious and a!! other business entrusted to us wil receive prompt and careful attention. COLLINS, DUERI & CO. R EV4)1 DUILDINO. FonRT BENToN, M. T. C. I). STORER, rickmaker -AND- CONTRACTOR. Will Contract for the Erection of Brick or Frame Buildings, YARD BACK OF TIlE BUTTE, FOR'0 BENTON, 10}l lANX~T . BRICK ALWAYS ON HAND, AT REA SONABLE PRICES. Commercial Job Printing .13l LT IITEADS, LE]TTER I EADS, BUSINESS CARIDS, ST XTENtENTS, ENVELOPES, CIRCULARS. AT TliE RIVERlI' PRESS OFFICE. RESTAURANT, Y A]RD & FLANAGAN. Propritorys. BOARD BY THE WEEK, $6, Per Day...... ... .. .... ..........$1 00 Single Meal .................. . ............... 50 Three Tickets. ................. ................. 1 00 i:avinu one of the best of cooks, and under the super •ision of Mr. Yard, aud.buying the very best the market affords, we can insure to the pub lic entire satisfaction. . IEALS AT ALL OURf OF TIlE DAY OR NIGHT. POLITE AND ATTENTIVE WAITERS. We pipy the top prices for Game, Poultry, and country produce. C. M!. LANNING, -DEALER IN Watches, Clocks,Jewelry ST. JOIHIN STREET, Frort Brenritton, Mortana. (niierl Repaircr of Watches, Clocks, Gune, Pistols, Sewing Machines, Etc. All kinds of work done in a workmanlike manner. I(L:DER BY MATL PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO LESTER'S CLUB ROOMS Main Street, Fort Benton. NT. LO.UIS. BSEEi, Wines, Liquors & Cigars T11E SULTANA CIGAR, A ll i ful lines, and served in the very best style. THE RIVER PRESS WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS, PuBLISHIns AND PROPRIETORS. H. C. WILLTAMS, - - - - - - - EDITOR AN Eastern exchange says, we are not a nation with a big N, but a caucus with a big C. _ _ AN officer and four enlisted men will soon be all there is left of the military post of Ft. Benton. Sic transit gloria mundi. HoRsE stealing and grass burning still con tinues without abatement. Nobody is doing anything and nothing will be done. THE Siemans railway experiment, of which so much has been said, was put to trial on the 13thinst., at Berlin, and proved an en tire success. The road is now open to the public. THE milennium has come, and is begin ning at Boston, where a real estate owner in formed the assessor that a certain piece of property owned by him, which had been as sessed at $45,000 through the error of their clerk, ought to have been assessed at some $60,000 more. The error was corrected with alacrity. CINCNNA'rrI is fast losing her porcine character, and strangely enough, for a city that has had no higher aim than the mauu facture of lard and clear rib middles, it has changed into a worship of high art and dec orative pottery. Art in America finds her ablest representatives and highest expression among the first descendants of the hog slay ers of 1850 70. It is but a step from the sub lime to the ridiculous. IT appears that America is not the only country where political venality is manifested. In Gloucester, England, in the case of a parli mentary election, out of 9,000 voters, 2,756 were bribed, and 286 were the bribers. Nothing in America, not even in the worst section of New York city, has anything been disclosed equal to this. The talk about pop ular government with such a state of affairs as this is the merest nonsense. THE Anti-Monopoly League is protesting against the nominationof Stanley Matthews, of aii.- e public men ihshe least quali fled, morally, to hold a position on the Su preme Bench. He has been of old a tool of railroad rings, and his elevation is due to this influence, for he has not enough left of his own to gain a Congressional nomination, if it were really left to the people to nominate him. SECRETARY WlInDOM has proven the most astute of all the financiers we have e ver had. The way he has managed to convert the ma turing sixes into 3½ per cents, in the face of the hostility of the national banks and a hos tile section in Congress, requires no com ment. ie has been termed charlatan, moun tebank and fool for presuming to agitate greenback doctrines, but is returning the charge in a silent way that is making liars of his opponents. HENRY VILIHARD is not making that per fect job in getting away with the Northern Pacific that has characterized the efforts of that prince of railroad robbers, Gould. He is called upon t' disgorge, and rumor says he will obey the iniunction with a compromise. But the fact that this statement is accom panied with ' rumor of the resignation of Billings, and his succession by Albert Fink, pool commissioner of the Trunk lines, evi dences that the compromise is mutual, to say the least. THERE is a rumor current in Washinton that Garfield's cabinet will be reconstructed, and that all will retire except Windom and Blaine, to be succeeded by parties in har mony with the views of those gentlemen. As they are the exponent of the most liberal and popular sentiment of the nation, (the same represented in the Democratic party by Thurman), it would seem that a decisive is Bue woald be made on those questions. This will naturally follow if Garfield is victorious over Conkling and his faction, but it seems that the reverse would be trtue in case Conk ling is victorious. THE Kieeley motor, after its annual hiber nation, came to the light again in a public exhibition in Philadelphia. The usual phe nomenon of immense pressure was exhibited, and this time supplemented by rapid motion of a circular metalic disc, controlled with a bow or anything that will cause vibrati.on. The New York Times pokes a good de!al of fun at Keeley, and brings up the usual asser tion entered whenever a discovery is made, that it has been known ever so long, but never utilized, and proceeds to make light of the power developed by simple vibration, without considering that the very thing called vibration is exhibited with every manifesta tion of force, and that power generated from a drop of wateir will entirely change 1the structure and form of the largest and most imperturable bodies. If Keeley has suc ceeded in harnessing this power, he will do civilization a benefit, and the world will care little if the principle has been known since the beginning of time. LATE radvses indicate that. Garfield , ill certainly defeat Conkling in the Robertson appointment. Thus the first scene of this long-.deferred contest results against the Senatorial boss. That the war will stop here nobody believes can be possible; that it will end favorably to the president, if he perse verses in the cause he has begun, there is every probability. He is fighting the cause of the people and the people will support him, if the Senate does not-and the Senate will not, unless much higher motives and statesmanship actuate it in the future than have in the past. t is feared that the war will split the Republican party, end if the Republican party is to bemaintained on the old sectional issue it will split, because it is too artifical for extended life on that line. The true division of the country is in the differing interests of the East and West, and it is on this division that the party lines must form. It is as true of the Democrats as of the Republicans, and it is impossible for either to be kept alive on a dead issue. A third party is rapidly forming on the live question, and if either party splits the new one will absorb it. If it does not, one of the the old parties will absorb the new one by accepting the issues raised by it, and this is what Garfield is aiming to do, and we be lieve that it is the only policy that can save the Republican organization. We are not sanguine, however, that he will succeed in his endeavor, for it is aliost an utter impos sibility for a new life to exist in an old skin. THE question of the Mexican complication is taking up the editorial space of many newspapers, and begins to assume a serious ness that is likely to be productive of compli cation between the two governments, if not the absorption of Mexico by the United States. Notwithstanding the assertions of General Grant that the introduction of a sys tem of railroads by American capital is only a move in the direction of peace and pros perity, and notwithstanding that the public sentiment of the United States is opposed to the acquisition of any more territory, and especially its averse feeling to incurring new danger to its political isstitutions by an at tempt to: ineorpo`rate a'i..en race, there is still the almost absolute certainty of such complication and absorption, and the dan gers and internal troubles arising from a di versity of interests, national aspirations, and the introduction of a powerful element which from every cause will never, and can never become a part of our polity and social life. There is little use in indulging in high sounding and sentimental talk about these possibilities or the dangers that are iikcly to spring from their accomplishment. Their coming is among the things of an inevitable future, which is inevitable from the very nature of the force of centralization, which is slowly and irresistably grinding humanity into an unrecognizable sociaL and political mass whose expression is capital and labor, and whose terms are dollars and cents. Be fore these there is no social system and no form of government tkat can withstand them, and nothing can prevent their logical sequences. Government cannot stop it be cause the surplus of labor and capital must have room for expansion and if this expan sive outward tmovement is stopped from any cause they will lose their vitality and die. It must have food, and if it can not find it from without it will turn and consume it self. The trouble with Mexico will come from foreign influence upon the Mexican people, and the necessity of our own to protect our capital from adverse foreign influences.. The Mexican trade has been in German and En glish hands so long, and so many of the Mexican people have become in a business way identified with them, that they cannot Ibut be influenced to act against us, through the necessity which our competition will bring, and at firs' these interests will over shadow any that we can hope to create, al though there will be sufficient to cause fric tion and trouble between them, and conse quent interference on our pIart for the pro tection of people and capital. It is impossible for the United States to evade its responsibility as the arbitrator of the destinies of North America. Its power, Its wealth, and the necessities of its com merce will not admit of any but an aggres sive policy, and although our nggressiveness may be confined to the legitimate channels of trade, this trade.is bound to absorb por er to itelf in Mexico as it has in the United ,tates, and is doing everywhere, and will control it with cqual persistence in both. It is not to be expected that Mexico can control the vast corporations she has admitted within her borders. We have not been able to con trol them here, but to the contrary they are the vitail powers in our nation to-day, and they will influence our government to act with them in Mexico, even to rob the Mexi can people, as they have influenced it to act with them in robbing our own. There can be no question but that the United States and Mexico will both be bene fitted by a more complete commercial inter course, or that s'ach is necessary for the ptoper development of either, blit it is the blindest folly to presume that this does not involve grave possibilities and complicationr s that will eventually reduce Mexico to sa part of the American system, and introduce to us political problems that will revolutionize our government, and affect our whole system to its foundation. ENGLAND is very much disturbed over the French advance and virtual conquest of Tunis, which it is claimed was done in di rect contradiction to former promises. Whatever promises France may have made and broken, she is justified in her course by the promises which Beaconsfield's govern ment through Salisbury made to M. Wad dington, the French Minister of Foreign Af fairs. The relations between the two coun tries have been suspicious and strained for many years, England making promises to France by which she only intended to gain France in favor of her schemes, and France only taking up with them with the ulterior object of getting her consent to her schemes in Africa. Salisbury promised this at the treaty of Berlin to get the support of France in the matter of Cyprus and Armenia. Af ter England had made her point she backed out of the bargain to stand by France in the Tunisian matter, and so France did noth ing but wait-wait until the naval demons stration before Dulcigno was arranged, with England at its head, when France backed out, Russia lagged back in a lazy manner, England sputtered and fumed, and firing not a shot, finally returned in high dudgeon, the Powers of Europe laughing heartily. France has finally engaged in her Tunisian matter by ignoring England, and thereat England is still fuming. Probably the real cause at issue is the radi cal change which French policy, in mak ing a Russian alliance, has made in the real interests England has at stake--a cause which will hardly admit of compromise. Meanwhile the French have succeeded in subjecting Tunis, and pushing their frontier Eastward toward Egypt and the buez canal, and drawing nearer and nearer to the vortex of the Eastern question, which lies at the bottom of nearly all the differences now agi tating European politics. She has also dem onstrated that in the work of the reorganiza tlon of her army she has immeasurably im proved upon her old models, and shown, in the rapid mobilization of her troops, the improvement in her staff, and the skillfulness of her generalship, a near approach to the German in efficiency. The collapse of the Koumirs and rapid conquest of Tunis, is a revelation as unexpected to the world as it must be startling to Germany. This was the first trial, and its working shows how thor ough is the system. With a larger army than Germany, a treasury incomparably richer, with only one frontier to defend, and an ally in Russia with interests nearly identi cal, there is a prospect ahead that is anything but reassuring to the friends of peace. The EExtremes of Politilcs. LChicago Times.] The new senator from Maine (Mr. Fry'e) has found his proper adversary. Hle took occasion, the other day, to declare that there are two civilizations in this country, "one at the north, founded on the school-house and the bible, the other at the south, founded on Slavery and Bourbonism." This ridiculous assertion the senator from Florida (Mr. Jones)jhas thought proper to accept for the text of a no less ridiculous attempt to defend the alleged slavery civilization as not only the better of the twain, but as the best civil ization of modern times. It remains for the two sectional and absurd extremitsts to fight it out on that ridiculous line. A good objection to the notions of both is that both affirm what is not true. It is not true that there are two civilizations in this country, any more than it is true that there are two peoples, two supreme political au thorities, or two nations. When slavery ex isted in one half of the country, there was, indeed, a strong color of foundation for the Maine senator's assertion. The political his tory of America from 1787 to 1865 presents throughout many characters of a contest be tween a civilization based on personal liberty and a civilization based on slavery. But in 1865 that conflict was brought to an end by the removal of the basis of the latter and the establishment of the basis of the former in its place. There is yet manifested a survival of the spirit of the slavery polity, but the foundation of that polity having been re moved, it has no other basis than the mental habit in which old notions persist, more and more feebly, for sometime after all reason for them has disappeared. There being no longer any cause for the social character and ideas which slavery produced, their disap pearance and replacement by a social charac ter and ideas produced by free conditions are simply a question of time. The assertion of the Maine senator that there is still in this country the foundation of a civilization, based on slavery is equivalent toa denial of the history o tt fs cuntry from the overthrow of the reb ion I: thwe arusennt time. It was a fna an "Jis er tion of the Maine Senator, which invited the equally false and ridiculous repo.nse o. the Florida senator. The EngII, a Enrom-u 'Tx. The most interesting p sse c in Mr. Glad stone's budget speech was also the most dis couraging. It is a new thiug to hear in one of Mr. Gladstone's budgets of '"th setting sun of prosperity," even although he referred not to the future, but to a past from which he, at least, has done his best to shake us free. His comparison of the growth of pop ulation, revenue, and expenditure between 1842 and 1879 is calculated to discountenance sanguine hopes so as to the future of our finances. Another disagreeable fact which Mr. Gladstone had to mention was the dihin ution in the yield of the income tax. For the first time the yield per penny has fallen. In 1842 a penny yielded £772,000. Ten years later it brought in £810.000, but in 1887-8 it had increased to £1,990,000. This year instead of bringing in £1,990,000, it has only yielded £1,943,000-a falling off of £47, 000. This however, is not solely to be attrib uted to a reduction in the incomes of the wealthier classes. A threepenny income tax last year might possibly enough have shown no diminution in the yield per penny. A high rate of income tax has a natural tel, cy to promate evasion and decite on the ll"i .; of the taxpayer, which necessarily diminish es receipts. To the revenue it produces, and the reasons for this fact must be taken into account in estimating the significance of the reduced yield of the income tax. ------=_--PI~ZI· > ---- The New Indlan Coonnm isoner. Hon. Hiram Price, of Iowa, who has been appointed commissioner of Indian affairs, is one of the best known men in the Northwest, having emigrated, from Pennsylvania to Davenport, low a, nearly half a century ago, where he entered mercantile business and af terward became a banker. When the war broke out, and the state of Iowa had no money to pay and feed her troops, Mr. Price stepped up with a check-book and paid the entire expense of raising, equipping and feeding volunteer regiments until the legisla ture could be called to appropriate money. He went to Congress during the war and served three terms. He was nominated for the Forty-fifth Congress and elected without his knowledge, being in Europe at the time, and was re-elected two years after. He is a Quaker by birth, but a Unitarian by re ligion. Judge Dillon married one of his daughters, and IRev., Laird Collier another. Mr. Price is vel iiformed in regard to Indi an matters, has unusual executive ability, and is of the strictest integrity. An Electric Rallway. Lo~Dos' May 13.--Siemens & Halkea, the well-known Berlin electricians, gave to-day a public trial of their new electric railway, which proved an entire success. The trial was made in a single train car, with an elec tric battery concealed between the wheels. It was carried through on the rails on which it ran, with the principal battery at the sta tion. The rails are thirty-nine inches apart, and exactly resemble those of an ordinary railway, the gauge being narrower. The greatest speed obtained was eighteen English miles an hour. If necessary greater speed could be obtained, but this was not allowed. The railway will be opened to the publtic on Monday. Jetf. Davis' SJpeech. NEw ORLI.ANs, May 12.-Jefferson Davis in his speech at the unveiling of Jackson's statue said: "From the academic shades of a military institute Jackson went forth to battle in the cause of States rights, self-government and constitutional liberty. He lived for his country, never doubting the justice of his cause, believing it was righteous and trusting in it. He died as I live to-day, feeling that the Confederacy might have succeeded be cause it was founded on truth and justice. He gave his life for the whole country, and the country gave its heart to Jackson. You men, upon whom he leaned in the hour of danger, in honoring him also honor your selves. Women peeulatorrs In New York. There was the Ladies S8tock and Mining Exchange that burst into flower on Union tsquare nearly a year ago, and wilted very suddenly about the beginning of the winter. The lady manager disappeared so completely that no one.could even get a glimpse of her. She put a notice in the papers saying that she would reappear at the end of thirty days and settle with her customers, to whom she owed about $30,000, but I have not heard that any of them have seen her since. I un derstand that another concern, the Ladies Stock Exchange, which was started a year ago on Twenty-fourth street, near the Fifth Avenue Hotel, is not at present in an encour aging condition. The woman who set it go ing and has managed it all along wants to sellout. If it were a success this would not probably be the case. New York has plenty of women who speculate in stocks, but it seems they do not care to patronize their own sex very extensively. When they want to make a turn they prefer to send their orders direct to WYall street. They appear to have more confidence in a business way in men than in women-to trust them farther and rely more on their judgment. Whether they are right or wrong I am not prepared to say, but the fact is as 1 state it. One or two Ladies' Stock Exchanges started within a year have disappeared, and the other is going, or 's least appears to be going. The inference in that women who io speculate in stocks do not give their custom to their own sex.