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THE RIVER PRESS.
tb Vol, I. Fort Benton, Miontana, Wednesday, June 8, 1881. No 33, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Benton Lodge, No, 25, A. F. & A. M. Regular Communications ot the above named Lodge are held at 7 p. m. on the first and third Saturday of each month. Members of sister lodges and sojourn ng brethren are cordially in ed to attend. RUFUS PAYNE, W. M. H. P. ROLFE, Secretary. Chotean Lodge, No. 11, I. 0, 0. F. A regular meeting of the above Lodge will be held orn Wednesday evening of each week, at their lodge oor in this city. Sojourning brothers are cordially in:vited to attend. JNO. F. MURPHY, N. G. J. P. McCABE. Secretary. OF-- N 'ORTHER IONTMANA Transact a General Banking . Business. lKeep current accounts with merchants, stock men and others, subject to be drawn against by checks without notice. PAY iNTEREST on TIME DEPOSTS We buy and sell Exchange on the commercial center of the United States. 'E I IILL- GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE BUSINESS OF NORTHIIER, AND CENTRAL MONTANA, And will make such loans to stock men and farmers as are suited to their requirements. Local Securities a Specialty, Collections and all other business entrusted to us wil receive prompt and careful attention. COLLINS, DUER & CO. RECORDI BUILDING. FORT-BENToN, M. T. JNO. W. TATTAN, ITDBRERY aun CUI N E LR A9 LA Of-ice of the County Clerk, FORT BENTON, - - MIONTANA. J, A. KANOUSE, Attorney and Counselor at Law, t FORT BENTON, MONTANA, NOTARY PUBLIC AND JUSTICE of the PEACE, Main St., bet. Baker and St John, MbAX. WATERMAN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, FT. BENTON, MRONTANA. Will plractice in all the courts of the Territory. Spe cial attention glven to criminal practice. H. P. ROLFE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. (Associated with Sanders & Cullen.) U. S. Deputy YIineral Surveyer. Ten year's experience in government surveying. The best instruments used. Collections, insurance, mining,, homestead and all land claims attended to OFFICE, NEAR WiETZEL'S, FRIONT ST., kFOR'PT BENT''ON. JOHN W. DEWEY, Civil Engineer, ARCHITECT -A3_ND United States Dep, I1ineral Surveyor BIENTON, IRONTANA. FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE --AND - REAL ESTATE AGENOCY. First-Class Companies possessing assets of FOUR TEEN MILLION DOLLARS. Represented by H. P.ROLFE. DAVIS & BENNETT, t A SSAYERS Butte, Montana. Samples from a distance attended to immediately and t returns made the following day. PRICES. Golid, Silver and Lead, * 83.00 Nilver, * .. . 2.OO Copper, - . - 3.00 M. E. M.AST ER, Assayer, BUTTE, - * * MONTANA. i Office, West Park Street. k8pocial attention paid to "sealed samples" and all b kinds of gold, and siver bullion. Samples sent from a distance promptly attended to and returns madethefollowing day. Charges reasonable. $20 REIWARD, Got away while crossing the Shonkin, and seen last 01 on Highwood, two mules; one a sorrel mare mule, with a rope on, the other a light brown horse mule- - both shod all around. The above reward will bepaid~ for their delivery to Harris' Stables, Benton. 31-2t F. L. ROSS. hi THE RIVER PRESS. WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS, PUBLISHERS AND PBOPRIETOBB. He 1. C. WILLIAMS, - - - - - - - EDITOR CONKLING is losing ground in the Albany Legislature, and Cornell is gaining, with good chances of election. IT is said that a decree will be published on the 20th dissolving the Spanish Cortes, or dering elections in Augst, and summoning a new Cortes in September. ;e THE great trouble with Garfield, from the y stalwart standpoint, is that he is treating bolters and stalwarts alike, and bolting is what the stalwart most despises. A FRENCOI veterinary surgeon has discov evered a remedy by inoculation for the sick ness called "Charbon," which kills 1,000,000 francs worth of sheep yearly. THE Director of the Mint authorized the coinage of standard silver dollars the pres ent month as follows: San Francisco, $1,300,000 ; Philadelphia $600,000 ; New Orleans, $400,000. BLAINE did not get caught in that Star SRoute business, as it was intimated.he would by members of the Star Ring. Wonder if the Montana statesman, Maginnis, will get n away so easily ? Does Sanders know any thing about the matter ? THE fight in the Republican party is termed by Horatio Seymour "a scramble for the possession of a few miserable offices," and he adds that "twenty years of license has brought it about." It might also be added that the fight between the Republican and Democratic parties is a scramble for a few miserable offices. MIAGINNIS is the recipient of some unen viable notoriety through the Star route ex posures, and if the testimony of the post master of Fort Logan is to be believed, that office, with a daily mail, was established solely to strengthen the Democratic party of the Musselshell country. It always has been a conundrum what the nature of Maginnis' hold upon the Democratic party was, and if this does not explain, it does so very nearly. We all know how badly Custer needs a daily l'HERE are rumors afloat that a portion of the cabinet will resign, and the New York Sun sees it in the certain portent of an effort by Garfield to slide back into the good graces of the stalwart wing by giving Blaine his conge. It is probable, with the public patronage the President has at his disposal, he may succeed in placating a portion of it by a judicious disposition of the offices and ingenious hedging. But should he turn back after the stand he has already taken, it would indicate a degree of weakness and double-dealing that would disgust the honest element of both wings. WTASH~IGTON despatches describe some of the points in the dispute between the Government and the Central Pacific Rai!l way. They are interesting as showing how devoid of any sentiment of equity the man agers of this great corporation are in their dealings with the people of the country. They avail themselves of every opportunity to avoid the payment of the claims which are unquestionably just, whatever technical defense there may be against them. When a corporation of this sort is seeking aid from Congress, there is no language fervid enough to express the patriotic intentions of the promoters. One would suppose that they were engaged in a work of pure phi lanthropy, in which they sought only to make themselves agents for the general ben efiting of the country. But when they have their hands in the Treasury, they treat the representatives of the people with the utmost contempt, barring the doors against them as a swindler would against a Sheriff's posse. It is to be hoped 'that the' Govern ment will exhaust its powers to bring these petted and spoiled beneficiaries of the public to a decent sense of their obligations. THERE are steps being taken among the stockmen of Choteau County for the forma- I tion of a Stock Growers' Association, to be subordinate to the general Territorial organ ization. This should meet with universal ap- I probation from stockmen, for the benefits I they may derive from such association are so I many and great that they will not be appre- i ciated until it is fairly in operation, and they c become apparent by actual trial. An organ- r ization of this kind to be properly effective i must have larger scope than can be afforded by a local society, for the interests sought to I be enhanced by association are so great that g a purely local one would only partially serve a the purpose. There are many reasons of necessity for e organization in a country like Montana, s where the stock is turned out almost as free v from any artificial oversight as the herds of f1 buffalo that preceded them, and the necessi- r ty of a single and absolute system in all the operations of handling, from the time they are entered upon the ranges until they are driven to the Eastern market, is so apparent that we are surprised that action looking to the perfection of one has been deferred so long. Great confusion has arisen, and is constantly arising in the matter of vents and brands, in the matter of representation in rounding up, and from the numberless other causes which operate when, as at present, every man is limited within his own system and style of management. The Territorial organization has done much towards reducing this confusion,in con currence with various county organizItions, but as yet not sufficient interest has been ta ken to render that effectiveness demanded by the interests involved. Frauds and losses are constant that could be prevented by unanimous and corrected action. The stock needs to be improved upon methods which have been demonstrated by experience to be the best for our climate. Fair and intelli gent disposition should be made of mavericks and other unclaimed straggling stock. The whole system of vents and brands needs re vision and arrangement which will reduce the confusion and render alterations and frauds in transfer impossible or reduce them to a minimum. Strangely enough, the most opposition to organization comes from,the small holders, who by the nature of their weakness, their number, and scattered condition, are in most need of it. There is a fear among them that somehow, if they are parts of an association, they will bind themselves in such a way that they will be subordinate to large owners, who will have a monopoly that will be oppresive to them. But this idea is a false one, from the fact that if the larggr owners choose to make a monopoly, it could be much easier done were the small holders divided and in capable of action, than they would be if com bined and in a condition to unite on a com mon plan of action. Then it must be re membered that the small holders really ag gregate the greater part of the stock business, and would themselves influence a greater de gree of recognition if they were once united and capable of expressing their wants. It is from this class of holders that most of the confusion in handling stock is due, and with whom there is the least sys tem in branding and venting, and this is not caua~d sdomuch -:b -4iual carelessness, as from actual inability to create a system, where there are so many systems. It is an absolute necessity to reduce this confusion to a single system, for the troubles resulting from it are constantly increasing, and will continue to increase by a regular progression, as the business in stock in the Territory increases; and unless the confu sion is allowed to run on until it becomes hopeless it should be offset by a united effort to reduce it, and that at once. We have re counted only a few of the causes which op erate to make action necessary, and set forth but few of the advantages that would result from organization and united co-operation, but enough has been said to call attention to the question, to those whose experience in the stock business renders full explanation unnecessary. A RussIAN paper remarks upon the great amount of money which the Nihilists seem to have at their disposal, which it says is ap parently as limitless as that at the disposal of an organized government. The assumption appears to be borne out by facts which their recent attempts have brought to light. Generals, admirals, seamen, soldiers, nobles and peasants, all are brought into requisition r and their services paid for. Whence this mysterious terror draws the vast sums it uses I in the prosecution of its schemes cannot even be imagined. Does the government of Russia hersetf supply it through the, corrup tion of the innumerable officials who handle it, or have all the socialist elements of the world concentrated their energies upon the destruction of this powerful empire, and a t possiblechance of getting into their own 4 hands the great power controlled by the Rus- j sian government? Nothing in the history c of the world has had the mystery and power of the Nihilist movement, and thesilent gath- I erings of the Jacobites who concocted the t French revolution, and who accomplished so much toward the destruction of the old f French monarchy dwindle into insignificance e when compared with its prototype of the , nineteenth century, that has reduced a nighty autocracy to childish im potency. This thing called socialism ( is fraught with the direst consequen- b =es to the generation which is now entering ipon an existence. Forty years ago there vas no organization of any magnitude in the k vorld for the destruction of the proletariat in t Curope, and new there is not a 1P overnment that does not tremble U Lt the name, and mass new levies )f troops and take new precautions with ev- i ry year. It was Bismardk himself who t aid that Henry V. (the Count de Chambord) vouldyet rule France by exchanging the white h ag snd fluer de li~ of the Bourbons for the a e dflag of the commune, and it is the same a Le profound statesman who made a speech in y the Reichstag recently, favoring the establish -e ment of cooperative manufacturing institu it tions with capital supplied by the govern o ment, and it is the same statesman whose o enunciated policy is to re-establish the old is order of universal property under the suzer d ainty of an aristocratic chieftainship or an n autocratic chieftainship. That his efforts r are in the direction of the universal and in t, evitable tendency of the age which is mak n ing communism possible and necessary by the general leveling influence of competition, e there can be no doubt; but that he will suc L- ceed, or that his efforts are with the sym pathy of the masses, which universal school systems are also reducing to a common level d of culture and form of expression, we do not s believe. Bismarck is deep enough toperceive g that the current cannot be stopped, and he is k shrewdly endeavorfng to divert it. But the i age of fealty to a chieftainship not of popu e lar creation has passed, we think, and the efforts of the German statesman to recreate s it will fail. How heavily the heel of a military force has pressed upon agrarianism - and all the isms growing out of socialism, a we all know, and we also know how futile 1 the efforts to hold it down has been, for in 3 the space of forty years it has grown from nothing, (at least so far as its manifestation J is concerned, the feudal or communal principles never having been entirely eradi r cated), to the rampant and almost militant t factor we see it in Europe to-day, with the t leaven woriing in America too, but on a soil not prepared for it. With this force domi t nant in one of the great powers, as it is like ) ly to be in Russia, who can forsee the con sequences on Europe and the world. As a 1 force it would be as intense and aggressive as that which in France a century ago awoke and carried its principles and its power to the capitals of Europe, and destroyed the politi cal creations of a thousand years. IT is now urged against Conkling that he is seeking to throw the choice for the New York Senatorship over for another Legisla ture, and is asking for support from the Democrats. The proud Conkling, through his splenetic disposition, and his personal egotism, at last finds himself driven to the pitiable extremity of asking support from the party he has affected to despise, and from the men whom he has maligned, and sees his overtures treated with acoolness border ing on contempt. It is very dbubtful if the Democracy will have anything to do with him, even if it were so disposed. Conkling is a brilliant man and has shown his acumen in many a well-fought tilt on the stump and in the halls of the National Legislature. He has wielded a power in his party superior to any President since the death of Lincoln. But all his brilliancy and all his power was concentrated upon official patronage, and he has made "patronage" the corner stone of his influence. When he was threatened with Robertson's nomination, he recognized that the foundations of his power were threatened, and he must succeed in over throwing him or witness his influence grad ually contract into what would involve from an ordinary Senatorial position; and he then took the silly step which has thrown him al together out of his patronage influence, and has found that was the only influence he possessed. Like Grant, the exciting days of power and victory had robbed him of his judgment, and like Grant, he has fallen into the error of believing his influences depended upon his personality instead of his perqui sites. He has builded upon "patronage, and patronage is beyond his power to give. 'Ihe storm has bereft him of influence, I and left him to be reviled by all who will leave him to seek favor of those who have contributed to ,his downfall. Star Route Invesigaiton uand Expos ures - Dorsey's Whereabouts Unknown. I WASHINGTON, June 3.-Rumors of addi- c tional removals and fresh disclosures flew t fast at the Postoffice Department to-day, but the investigating committee (in room 59), continued to sit with closed doors. No new developments were communicated to the a public. Auditor McGrew and Deputy Audi- I tor Lillen were still at their offices this after noon, but will be relieved to-morrow. Re- i ferring to the rumor that the Attorney-Gen eral had obtained evidence of such a nature as to compromise McGrew, and that the President's summary demand for his resigna- t tion was based upon it,:.McGrew insists a that he has done nothing wrong. He says e he audited accounts of mail contractors on certificates of the Second Assistant Post master-General and argues that without hav ing access to Brady's books he could not i know if fraudulent contracts were certified to him. All evidence thus far obtained for prosecution of the star route swindlers is now i in the hands of special assistant Attorney- E General Coon. The evidence is said to be of the most damaging nature, clearly prov- r ing a conspiracy and- involvihg upwards of U twenty individuals. It is claimed that so far as Dorsey is concerned, evidence has been a furnished against lim by those with whom E he had dealings and with whom he failed to , act squarely. Although the ex-Senator has secured the originals of the letters and tele grams recently published, showing how peti tions for expediating routes were made up in the far west, it is believed the Attorney-Gen eral has certified copies which will be used against him. Acquaintances of Dorsey say that although he still maintains his flesh, he is decidedly nervous. It has been announced that the ex-Senator has gone to live in Mexi co. It is known that he has left this city, but there are many who believe he has not headed for his cattle ranch. There are many rumors afloat about the Treasury Department relative to the probable outcome of the investigation. In the Custo dians office it is stated that one of the officials interested informed the investigating com mittee that persons higher in authority than he were responsible for all that had been done for him. The impression prevails that several removals will be recommended. IROQUoIs. The Derby Won by an Amernian. The great race for the Epsom Derby was won by Pierre ILoriilard's Iroquots, Pere grine 2d. NEW YORK, June 1.-There is great ex citement and enthusiasm at the clubs and ex changes over the victory of Iroquois in the English Derby, and Pierre Lorillard was showered with congratulations as he stood in the midst of a great crowd. He is the owner of the first American horse that won the Der by or won a place there. Iroquois has been heavily backed here. He will be one of the most prominent horses at the Ascot and Goodwood races. Lorillard being interviewed said he had very little money on Iroquois. "My money was on the other; I only won about $12,50b enough to pay my trainer and jockey. I ca bled over word to give Archer,- the jockey, $5,000 for his success. Peregine, it appears, cave great satisfac tion to his backers, but Iroquois was feeling in the best of spirits. His action was much admired. After one break away a good start was effected. When the horses were first seen at the top of the hill it was difficult to determine from the grand stand who had the advantage, but coming down the hill, Pere gine who was on the inside, had a fair lead and his friends began to shout "Peregine wins." As they turned the corner Archer's colors were seen pressing forward on the stand side. The two leaders ran an exciting race up to the grand stand when Iroquois nose showed in front and he continued to get in until past the judges' stand. The finish was fine. THE II!R ULJLLER. Details of the Affray Between the Poiieu and Peasantry of the County ulare. The following are the details of the affray between the people and the police in the county Clare yesterday : Eighty policemen proceeded to Bodyke for the purpose of as sisting in the eviction of a tenant. (Dodyke is a small village between Seriff and Tulla, where some military are at present garri soned.) The police, while proceeding in small bodies to the place of assembly, were attacked in detail by the people. An ambu lance wagon conveyed the police from En nis. They were under command of a coun ty inspector. On the way from Ennis a hive of bees were let loose, and the stings of the insects caused the horses to become unman ageable. One maddened beast' dashed itself against the wagon and was instantly killed. Several mounted orderlies were at ouce de spatched to Tulla for assistance, while in the mean time the police in united force pro ceeded to the house wRhere the eviction was to take place. It was situated on a hill, and as they assembled toward it they were at tacked by armed men, who, from the cover of fences on each side of the road, poured a galling fire into the ranks of the police. The latter immediately deployed in skirmishing line and returned the fire with effect, killing one man and wounding several. The police succeeded in reaching the house and broke in the front door. The rioters rushed through the back door and several were ar rested. Some of those who attacked the po lice from behind the fences were also taken. The honse was taken possession of and the family inhabiting it turned out. While re turning with the prisoners the police were attacked and fired upon a second time, one horse being shot dead. The mounted men despatched for the military had to run a se vere gauntlet, a determined effort being made to prevent them reaching Tulla. They, however, rode into town through all the obstacles. The flying column of Ternoy is under orders to be ready at a moment's no tice. Troops are even going from Cork to New Pallas. Steamboat men are talking of the remark able time made by the steamer Hlelena on her present trip. She left Bismarck on the morning of the 10th and arrived at Buford on her return trip from Benton on the even ing of the 24th.-Bismarck Tribune. Capitalists and mine and mill owners of Butte are agitating the building of a railroad from the various reduction mills in that city to the mountains, where timber and building material may be easily received. The idea eems feasible. ADVER''TIED LETTERS. Remaining in the Post Office at Fort Benton, M. T. Eor the week ending June 4, 1881. Parties calling for them will please ask for "Adver bised" letters. Brown, D G Masterson, Jack Bray, Chas Melins, P 0 Basham, F M McHamilton, Matt uirry, Thos McCoskin' J Carruthers, Milton McKeiuer Dan Drown. Wm Martin. W J Dunn, Matthew Philips, Mrs. Ben Rchmier, Wm Partridge, A 8 4ariett, C0 2 Rose, Mrs. Lotts 4eorge, Sargent W Seaton, Ira D Kinger, Frank B 2 Stevenson, W J ,anasin, GW Tingley, d G" M orris, PB Varble, Joseeh D Moran, IT M. A. PFLANAea, P I.25