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GRECEO AND TURKEY.
Tle Smouldering Eastern Question Likely to Blase Up at Any Moment-Bis marok Still the Arbitrator-The Perilous State of Europe. ATHENs, April 29.-The Eastern question has again entered upon that series of kaleido schopic changes which in the days of the telegraph are the despair of co: respondents. I can tell you exactly what the political situation here is at this moment, but the only thing I can predict with certain ty is that it will be entirely different when this reaches you. If we believe the universal opinion of the diplomats, the question of the Greek frontier is us!tled, by the fact that the Turks have agreed to give up Thessaly, and the Greeks have agreed to take it ; and the Times and other leading organs of public opinion in England have committed themselves to con gratulatory articles in this sense. One would have supposed, with the experience or Dulcigno fresh in their recollection, they would have hesitated to take a sanguine view of negotiations which depend upon Turkish good faith and Greek simplicity ; but it scems impossible either for Western diplo mats or the government they serve to realize the depths of Oriental duplicity, or to imag ine the manifold devices to which it resorts for the purpose of escaping from a dilemma, evading an obligation, or attaining an end. At this moment, for instance, Turkey has agreed to give Thessaly to Greece, but there is not a Greek in Athens who believes that the Porte really intends to make any such cession. And Greece has accepted the gift of Thessaly, and has ostensibly abandoned its claim to Epirus ; but there is not a Turk in Constantinople who is not perfectly con vinced that the only reason of the Greek Government for accepting Thssaly, is that it may, immediately after occupying it, attack Epirus with greater chances of success. The object of the game they are both playing is that each may throw the responsibility of all obstacles in the way of a peaceful settlement upon the other. Both powers are firmly persuaded that the final resort must be to arms, but each is anx ious to secure the moral support of Europe prior to that struggle. Therefore the Sultan, feeling assured that if he offered Thessaly without Epirus Greece would not accept it, offers it it gracefully, and secures the sup port of Europe ; Greece, determined not to be outdone, accepts it ungracefully, it is true, and throws the responsibility of the next move upon Europe. If I am not very much mistaken Turkey will now insist, in her conditions under which the province is to be evacuated, upon which it will be almost impossible for Greece tb accept; such, for instance, as a guarantee that no attack shall be made upon Epirus for a term of years. Greece may meet this by giving the guarantee and then instantly breaking it. I find no sentiment more cornm mon in Greece than this one, that trealies are not worth the paper they are written upon are, in fact, only made to be broken. They justify this on wie ground that they are en titled to treat Europe as Europe has treated them. Thus, at the conference of Berlin the powers of Europe guaranteed to Greece a firontier line including Epirus, but on finding that they could not induce the Turks to consent to this, they substituted an other, leaving out Epirus. The whole pro ceeding from beginning to end is so immoral that it would be absurd-to expect good faith from any of the parties concerned. TheTurks say, and with reason, that Eu rope has no moral right to force them to give up territory which they have occupied for five hundred years, simply because some of its inhabitants belong to the race of a neigh boring country. The Greeks say Europe has no right sol emnly to promise them more territory--even though it does not belong to them-one day, and substitute another for it the next. Europe says Turkey has no right to make promises, and then escape from them on the first opportunity; and that Greece has no right to risk a general conflagration because she wants territory which does not belong to her. At this moment the great powers and Tur key and Greece are all engaged like so many kettles in calling the other pot black. The comedy they are playing is one in which all the performers are trying who can be most d slonest. That the comedy will end in a tragedy of the most fearful discription there can be no doubt; the only question is wnen the catastrophe will come. Both Greece and Turkey are shrinking from the collision, which they know to be inevitable, and each is waiting until the conditions should be more favorable. 'The first symptom of a discord between the European powers would be the signal for two Eastern Governments to throw off the mask and begin hostilities; and as the Eu ropean powers know this, and more or less anxious to keep the peace, they are clinging to each other with a degree of d!plomatic affection which, when one considers how much they internally fear and hate each other, is truly edifying. As usual, the man who holds the string which sets all the wires in motion as he wishes is Prince Bismarck. The question which agitates the bosoms of European statea men is, does he want a war or not ? Those who maintain that he does, point to the ex ceptionably favorable combination of cir cumstances which the political situation now offers in Europe. Russia, it is admitted on all sides, is paralyzed by the recent assassi nation of the Czar and the development of the Nihilist movement. England is paralyzed by her complications in India and Africa and by the well-known pacific tendencies of the Radical Administration now in Tunis, and her action there is jealously watched by Itally, which has aspirations in that direc tion. Besides, the peace has not lasted long enough for the French to rush into another war with Germany without the certainty of success, which could only be assured by powerful allies. Practically, therefore, for the moment, all Europe is neutralized. If Greece and Tur key should go to war, Germany and Austria are in a position to control the issue without the danger which has existed quite recently of a formidable coalition against them. They would play the part of the lawyer in the case of the disputants for an oyster, and award the contending parties a shell each. In other words, Austria would swoop down to the 2Egean, appropriate Salonica, and an nex Macedonia and Albania; she might leave Thessaly to the Greeks and Constanti nople to the Turks, but practically she woul l control the whole of the Balkin Peninsula, and there would be an end on the one hand of the old Ottoman empire, and on the other of the aspirations of the new Kingdom of Greece. It is probable that both Turks and Greeks see something of this sort looming in the fu ture; but they are in the toils of the European net,. from which Greece is too ambitious to wish to escape and Turkey too feeble to at tempt it. So they are struggling and intrigu ing in its meshes under the auspices of the one power which can strangle them both. Under these circumstances, I do not share the sanguine expectations of those who be lieve that Turkey is going to hand Thessaly peacefully over to Greece, and that Greece is going peacefully to occupy it. On the con trary, I believe that a hitch will come very soon, and that these countries will find them selves forced into a collision even before they are quite ready for it. At present Greece can only put 60,000 men into the field, while her commissariat is not in working order, her army is still undisciplined, and she is lacking in the necessary munitions of war. Turkey has got an insurrection in Albania upon her hands,and the possibility of troubles in other parts of her empire. I should not be surprised,therefore, if a month or two were to elapse before hostilities begin, and in the meantime the negotiations for the delim itation of the frontier and the terms of the evacuation will be discussed as though the whole thing was to end in a peaceful reality. But, however pacific appearances of this sort may be, you may take it for certain that out of this Greek frontier question will come a war, that that war may in its earlier stages be localized, but that sooner or later it ;will pro duce complications which will make it almost impossible for European powers, however strong may be their desire to remain neutral, owing to other embarrassments, to look on as uninterested observers; and that it will work the most important changes in the east of Europe. Of course it is impoissble to predict the exact nature of those changes, but that the Cabinets of the great Euro pean powers, and the leading organs of pub lic opinion, should continue to hug the delu sion that the late offer of Thessaly by Tur key and its acceptance by Greece is a solution of the Eastern question calculated to insure peace, can only be accounted for by the fact that the great powers have already stultified themselves once by the naval demonstration at Dulcigno, a second time by the conference at Berlin, and that they are for a third time most transparently duped by the one man whose policy has profited by both these fiascos, and who is pulling the wires both at Athens and Constantinople, from Berlin. President Garfield Tells a Story. [Washington Correspond'ce of the Providence Press.1 Perhaps the President's state of mind may be discovered from a story he told a friend who called upon him yesterday. In 1875, when the Democrats organized the House of Representatives for the hrst time after the war, there was a general clearing out of old clerks to make places for the friends of Demo cratic Congressmen. Two old attaches of the House, who had held their places through many administrations, Mr. Barclay, the Journal Clerk, and Mr. Mahaffy, one of the Reading clerks, supposed that Congress could not get along without them, and that they were not, therefore, in any danger of removal. Sitting in their arm-chars in their office, Gen. Garfield said as they blew the smoke from their cigars they congratulated each other; "Well, it was to be expected that these poor devils of under clerks would lose their places, but we are solid. Adams, the new Clerk of the House, will never be fool enough to turn us out." But one day, as uuexpectedly as thunder from a clear sky, came the announcement that even. Barclay and Mabaffy had been removed. Both men immediately put on their hats and went over to Sanderson's in search of liquid consolation. They drank confusion to Clerk Adams and the whole Democratic party, and chuckled and laughed as they called up in imagination the inextricable tangle into which the busi ness of the House would get as soon as they left their desks ; and finally, when they were pretty full, they started back to the Capitol arm in arm. As they beat up against the wind across the plaza, Dr. Mahaffy burst out into an immoderate laugh. "I shay, Bar clay," said he, "won't it be a good joke when they come to us on their bended knees and beg us to come back and straighten things out ?" Just then Barclay, who didn't seem to appreciate the joke very much, stopped, straightened himself up, and point ing to the Goddess of Liberty on the dome of the Capitol, as he shook his infirm finger at it, said: "D'ye see her, (hic), Mahafty ? She totters ! she totters !" C. M. LANNING, -DEALER IN Watches, Clocks, Jewelry ST. JOHN STREET, Fort Benton, Montana. General Repairer of Watches, Clocks, Guns, Pistols, Sewing MachineP, Etc. All kinds of work done in a workmanlike manner. ORDERS BY MATL PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO JOHN SCHWARTZ, Dealer in Fine Cigars, onfections FRUITS, TOBACCO, CIGAIETTES, Nuts, Toilet Articles; And a fall lfne of SMOKERS' ARTICLES, NOTIONS, ETC., ETC. NEXT1 D9OOR TO T PO..-POST OFF(ICE. New Art Gallery, HELENA, M. T. HARDGROVE & SCHULTZ Have opened a photograph gallery on the corner of Broadway andJackson street, in the Interna tiqnal Hall. They are prepared to do Photographig in all its Branches, Pastoel, India Ink and water Color work, from lock et pictures up, and at prices to suit the times. MARSHALL'S STRING BAND! FOR PARTIES, ETC. Messrs Wilton and Marshall respectfully inform the citizens of Benton and the adjoining sections that they have consolidated their string bands and are now prepared to fur nish first class music at rea sonable rates for BALLS, PARTIES, THEITERS, ETC, INBENTON AND VICINITY. Benton and Martinsdale STACG LN. Carries the United States mail to al; points on the Line. Paesengers and express takek through to the SMITH RIVER m anti the YELLOWSTONE Tri - Weekly Trips! Leaves Benton Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays, at 7 o'clock and arrives on Tuesdays Thurs days and Saturdays. The Only Route To the Julith Basin& Ft. Iainnis W, s. WETZEL, Benton Agent. JOHN ATCHISON, Agent at Fort iTla ginnis. SPENCER It0Z-"O,' Agent at White Sulphur springs. I. H. (I,ENIENNIN, Agent at 1Iar tinudale. Gooa Accommodations for Travellers Along the entire lihne. W. A. OLDEN, lMANA4G El. TO TOURISTS, TRAVELLERS AND FREIGHTER= ! I have just refitted the House known as the 28-lile Spints, in the best manner for the recep tion and enter'tainmetit of the Traveling public. and mn addition have purchased a Fiane La very "Team and ciarriage for the purpose of carrying Tourists to the Great Falls Also Tents, Fishing Tackle, Guns. and Sporting Goods of Every Discription for their SPECIAL ENJOYMENT. Tourists wilinot only find everything at my House for their Comfort and Enjoyment, but they may also enjoy a period of relaxation and pleasure at the Falls, Through Travelers will finud Splendid Meals and ac commodation at reasonable prices. Frifghters will find Everything they may require for themselves or stock. I have a full stock of Canned Goods, Mi9eats, Liquors, Clffarrs and Tobaccos, and can ofter the best inducements for their patronage. Everything is neat, clean and at ractive A. J. VANCE. THE GREAT BURLINGTON ROUTE i c. B. & Q. R. R. The People's FAVORITE ROUTE, is acknowledged by the Press and the traveling public, on account of its superior equipments, smooth steel laid track, iron bridges, and obliging train officials, to be the most de sirable rotfte from And the Great Northwest to CHICACO And the East via Omaha. This iA the only line run ning the 16-wheel Pullman Palace Sleepin Cars. Palace Dining Cars, Luxurious Day Coaches, through from Onmaha to Chicago without Change. This popular route makes a specialty of carrying their second class and emigrant passengers on fast ex press trains, inwell ventilaetd and cushoned Coaches, equal to cars used for first class passengers on other roads. Emigrant passengers are carried through from Omaha to Chicago and St. Louis without delay. The Chican o Burlington & Quincly R. R. Isthe Best and Quickest Route from Ornaiat to St. L*ouis and South. ern.Points. Pullman Sleepinrg Cars are run through from Omaha to St. Louis wuthout change, arriving in St. Louis oie uour in advanuceof trains bycompeting lines. STickets by ihis popular route for sa'e at all the offices in the Northwest to Chicago and St. Louis, and to all points East and South. Ask for your tickets by the Chicago Burlington & Quincy Railroad. All information about rates of fare, sleeping car ac conmmodaions1 time tables, etc. will be cheerfully given by applvn to JAMES R. Wo OD, General Passenger Agent, Chicago. T. J. POTTER General Manager Chi&ago. FORT BENTON, MONTANA, Wholesale and Retail Grocer, AND DEALER IN DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES, FURS AND PELTRIES, WINES, LIqU0RS AND CISARS, Our Grocery Department embraces all Staple and Fancy Atticles, a few of which are Fresh Corn Meal, Oat Meal, Rice, Beans, Canned and Dried Fruits, Lard, Bacon and Hams, Canned Vegetables and Meats, Candles, Oils, Fish, Oysters, Extra Soap, Canned Syrups, Candies, Nuts and Notions. Fish Bros.' Freight and Farm Wagons, TOOLS, CUTLERY, Tinware Crockery, Glassware, Toilet Articles PATENT MEDICINES, PAINTS AND OILS, We have in store one of the best selected Stocks ever imported into the Territory, and th trading puplic will find it to their advantage to get our prices befor buying elsewhere. STORAGE AND COMMISSION. Corner of Front and Bond Sts., Fort Benton. LOREY MENl ýAR DT GRAINERS PAPIERR Landscape, Orneanental, Fresco, House, sign Banner and Scene Painting of every description. Orders: solicited from every rant of the Territory, and we insure the utmost care and dispatch in all orders through the mails. All work guaranteed First class in every particular, at prices to suit the thnimes. Office in Zeigler's New Brick Block, HELENA, Mont. P iI HARRIS & STRONG, PROPRIETORS. LIGHT AND HEAVY TURNOUTS Furnished on the shortest notice. The vehicles are all new and first-class, having been received late this fall, and are all of the newest and latest make and design. A specialty is made of Saddle Horses for Ladies and Gentlemen. THE BEST OF ATTENTION SHOWN TO TRANSIENT STOCK. M. A. FLANAGAN, Wholesale and Retail iBilS, NOT S, Druggists' Sundries, PERFTUMIERY, TOILET ARTICLES, BRUSHES, PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES, Lamps, Chandeliers, Wall Paper, Etc., Eto. 0 -0- - CHOICE CICARSi .----u ---o--- Have constantly on hand a full assortment of School Books, and and a general variety of Stationery.ix PHYSICIANS' PRESCRIPTIONS CAREFULLY COMPOUNDED. .. ~-==:=m.=. m ___r ___ _ _ _ _ _ __•