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01, I Fort Benton, ontn, P R E S S.dy, June 91881.No.36
Vol.1, Fort Benton, Montana, W dnesday, June 59, 1881. No. 36, Benton Lodge, No, 25, A. F. & A. M. R.egular Conmmuni'ations of the above named Lodge are held at 7 p. m. on the first and third Saturday of each month. Members of sister lodges and sojourn ng brethren are cordially in ed to attend. RUFUS PAYNE, W. M. 11. P. ROLFE, Secretary. Choteau Lodge, No. 11, I, 0. 0. F. A regular meeting of the above Lodge will be held on Wednesday evening of each week, at their lodge oom in this city. Sojournuing brothers are cordially invited to attend. JNO. F. MURPHIY, N. G. J. P. McCABE. Secretary. -0 F NORTHERN MONTANA Transact a General Banking Business, Ke'epl current accouirnts with merchants, stock men and others, subject to be drawn against by checks without notice. PAY iNTEREST on TIME DEPOSITS We buy and sell Fxchange on the conmmercial center of the United States. WE WILL fIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE BUSINESS OF NORTHERN AND) 'ENTRAL MONTANA, And will make such loans to stock men and farmers as are suited to their requirements. Local Securities a Specialty, Collections and all other business entrusted to us wil receive prompt and careful attention. COLLINS, DUER & CO. RECORD BUILDING. FORT BENTON, M. T. W. B. SETTLE. W. S. STEVENSON. SETTLE & STEVENSON, Attorneilys all Colnselors at Law, BENTON, MONTANA. Will practice in all courts of the Territcry. Collec tions promptly attended to; also the securing of pat ents and pensions, in connection with a general practice. 4i-Offlce in brick building opposite Court House. JNO. W. TATTAN, ATTORNEY and COUNSELOR AT LAW OUfi:e of the County Clerk, FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA. J, A, KANOUSE, Attorney and Counselor at Law, FORT BENTON, MONTANA. NOTARY PUBLIC AND JUSTICE of the PEACE, Main St., bet. Baker and St John, MAX, WATERMAN, ATTOIRNEY AT LAW, FT. BENTON, IYIONTANlA. \Will practice in all the courts of the Territory. Spe. cial attention given to criminal practice. H. P, ROLFE, ATTORNEY AT LAW. (Associated with Sanders & Cullen.) U, S. Deputy lIineral Surveyer. Ten year's experience in government surveying. The best instruments used. Collections, insurance, mnining,, homestead and all land claims attended to OFFICE, NEAR WETZEL'S, FRIONT ST., FORT BENTON. JOHN W. DEWEY, Civil Engineer, ARCHITEOT -AND United States DepIMIineral Surveyor BENTON, M1ONTANA. FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE --AND REAL ESTATE AGENCY, First-Class Companies, poessing assets of FOUR TEEN MILLON DOLLARS. Represented by H. P.ROLFE. M. E. MAYER, Assayer, BUTTE, ..* * MONTANA. Office, West Park Street. Spocial attention paid to "s'ealed samples" and all kiuns of gold, and silver bullion, Samples sent from a distance promptly attended to amid returns made the following day. Charges reasonable. NOTICE. I hereby warn all persons against trusting any one, no matter whom, on my account, without an order Silged by myself. NAROIUS VAUIX. T HE KIVER PRESS WILLIAMS, WRIGHT & STEVENS, PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS. H. C. WILLIAMS, - - - - - - - EDITOR BRADY is a much maligned citizen and demands a full investigation, which he will get when his case is thoroughly prepared. The President is said to have taken the po sition that the laws shall be pursued careful ly and impartially. TURKEY appeals to the Gladstone govern ment to come to the rescue of her "liber ties," which in some way not explained are threatened by a "dictator." In Turkey a dictator would be where he would do the most good. By all means let us have a dic tator in Turkey. ThEY are throwing bombs around in pub lic places in Madrid. The only action as cribed for it is a desire on the part of gam blers to alarm the government into dismissing the prosecutions Qgainst the fraternity. The age of iron is rapidly disappearing before the age of dynamite. THE supply of army officers at West Point exceeds the demand. Vacancies through death, disablement and retirement are not created sufficiently fast to admit the graduat ing class of that martial institution, and only about one fourth can be given commissions. Why would it not be well to double the strength of the regular army by putting them into the ranks? THiE Chinese have not thus far been able to adopt a system of symbols which could be used to telegraph in the Chinese language, but the Chinese government is educating a number of Celestials in this country in order that they may become conversant with the theory and practice of telegraphic science, with a view to the creation of a system of their own and the establishment of tele graphic communication throughout the em pire. IT is stated that General Grant will make the race for the New York Senatorship in order to save the gallant fugleman of his who resigned. Grant has an order of ability which silence displays the best and he is sur prised that the American people do not rec ognize in his. owlish imperturbility tle genius of a Napoleon or a Julius Caesar. In the bright glare of the Senate the halo of his glory would pale, and his position of pre eminence be reduced to his natural common place. BALLOITING for the succession at Albany continues without developing any change in the situaticn, although there is considerable fluctuation among the various candidates of either party. There are some signs of weak ening on the adjournment issue, and mem bers are pairing off and going home. It would be well to adjourn sine die and go be fore the people, where the contest could as sume the importance that has been assigned to it by the leaders and manifested by the people. THE tunnel under the straits of Dover is being pushed, and the experimental shafts on either shore have demonstrated that the straia above the galleries is impermeable to water, and consists of the same chalk form ation that has gone into history as the chalk cliffs. Side galleries 900 yards long have been finished, and the rate of progress shown to be sixty-seven yards per week, or two miles yearly, which would require five years for its completion, if work is pushed from both shores. THE Helena people and press are greatly elated at the peculiar and superior accom modations afforded by Mullan's pass, which apparently was made with an especial eye to I the future of Helena and its connection with the North Pacific railroad. However, we can only congratulate our Helena friends on C their good fortune in being thus favored, provided the comet does not cause the well t laid plans to gang aglee, and only hope that a aothing will occur to mar the smoothness of their way. COMPETITION in freight rates has been so c sharp that wheat is being carried from St. a Louis to New York for 15 cents per bushel, t4 md flour for 82 cents per barrel. This is too ii :lose for a healthy condition of railroad bus- ii ness, and a movement is on foot in railroad f ircles to come to an agreement. The ne- o :essity of combination among railroads to ti rotect themselves from ruinous competition it ecomes more and more apparent each sea ion, and this necessity will rather continue p han lessen its force, as the rapid extension b md building of new lines still further divides a he business. Our railroad system has grown h Lrbitrarily, and portions of the country have c nore facilities than they can support, while if tthers have little or none. It is good for the si he producer to have cheap freights, and to A be farmers of the West they are necessary w o his existence, but when the competition a ecomes so sharp as to bankrupt roads, and sa indirectly to cause commerc~ia stringency and panic, the gain wi lat n. ompensate the loss. Our commercial and buanking systems are so closely ccnnecte t:b ~v.d<disaster to one means disaster to all, and this would intro duce another long perit of Stagnation for the producer. The ralroad companies are trying to perfect an arrangement for pooling their rates, although a eewof them seem to be opposed to any coump mise. THE stockholders of the new hotel met yesterday, and determine.d to go on with the work. The plans submitted by Mr. Tweedy were unanimously approved, and will, if carried out, give Bentori the most magnifi cent structure in Montana, excepting, possi bly, the government assan ofilce in Helena, which it will fully equal._. The amount sub scribed is about $30,0O Which is nearly $10,000 short of what wiLl be needed to build according to the plan. _ dwould be a misfor tune if the building shall iave to be reduced and its beauty impaired on account of a few thousand dollars, which could be easily raised if the people of Beiton will exhibit that liberality and public > irit which they have been crying for so ong, 'and which our merchants and bankci: have proved is both generous and enterp~iing. Will the citizens of Benton show th selves as liberal and enterprising, according to their means, as those whom they have :been criminating as non-progressive and selfish ? or will they themselves be so selfish as tp throw upon a few the entire burden oran enterprise in which they, as business men, have no more interest than any other proporty-holding cit izen? Are they willing to allow other peo ple to enhance the value of all the property in Benton and render no equivalent-not even the mite that almost all can afford? Some there are no doubt, b.t not many, we think, for the most will see the direct benefit that will be gained from this project, and be willing to do what they can. There is too much of the 'give a farthing to blind Bellis sarius' feeling-a feeling that implies the idea that they would be giving money away in charity instead of placing where it will bring a direct return and an indirect profit on every dollar that is invested in the town to the many who could aid t is project, if they would. With the urgei7t need of such an institution here, it couldit fail to pay a respectable dividend to it kholders, and when the two objects a ·sre ed, it is. the best- scheme for'investment Belton affords. People who now come to Benton, get out of it again as fast as they can find convey ance, not because we have not as good grazing grounds as other parts of the Terri tory, not because we have not mines as rich and inexhaustible as our sister counties can exhibit, not because we have not the richest lands for the homeseeker in the West, but because the capitalist, the stockgrower and the homeseeker,as he enter the northern por tal of the Territory, caninot find adequate ac commodations for himself and the family that usually accompanies him. THE incorporation of Benton is being agi tated once more, and we are invited to take advantage of our splendid incorporation act and create for ourselves some sort of muni cipal government. It may be that in the tor tuous windings of the act we can find what we want, and if its length is a measure of its internal valu,, we shall be certain to meet our expectations. Leaving aside discussion of whatever merit the bill may possess, and avoiding criticism of its possible demerits, we are disposed to accept so much of it as its ingenious contriver can in process of time separate that will be for our good, and make the best of it, nor stop to look the gift horse in the mouth. Benton needs nothing so much as a cheap and effective local government. Improve ments are required in the town which the laws do not empower the county commis sioners to make, or where their authority is competent to make improvement, public opinion in the county outside of Benton would not admit the assumptioni of such au thority, for its sentiment would regard the settlement of funds for town purposes as un fair and unjust-as a cause for taxation in matters which in no way interests them selves, but having benefits which would ac crue to Benton alone. As the matter now tands, the citizens of Benton have no power o tax themselves, in a separate capacity, for mprovements which they have been clamor ng fdi, and which they would willingly pay or if it were possible. We must, thetefore, )rganize ourselves, if we can, into a corpora ion that will confer power on the commun ty to act for itself. Fears are expressed by many that a cor )orate government will be a costly incum )rance, and that its creation would involve rn increase of taxation that would be ex lausting. But this does not follow. The :c-st of such government would be very little fit were not attempted to go beyond the implest organization possible under the law. . board of trustees, with president, serving vithout compensation, a treasurer, clerk, narshal and police magistrate, to be the atme officials holding the corresponding pc sitions in the county; the first two to receive a slight addition to their present compensa tion, and the last two by fees. This would entail only the cost of clerk hire and compen sation for labor performed by the treasurer, to which should be added the extra expense of another constable, as the additional ex pense over what is now involved in the county administration. The offices men tioned would, without question, be filled by the present county incumbents, for a nomi nal advance over their present rates, and, we believe, they have expressed themselves to that effect. There are many improvements that are urgently needed here that we cannot have unless power separate from the county be obtained. The levee needs protection and improvement; the town needs draining, and sidewalks placed on our principal streets; a fire department is required, besides continual oversight in the little contingencies that con stantly arise. These things are urgently de manded, and we believe that the costs of their execution will be easily and willingly borne by the property-holders of the town. THE Northern Pacific railroad will be re organized, and united with the Oregon R:iil way and Navigation Company's interests on the Pacific coast. It is proposed to form a new company to be called the Oregon trans continental company which, through the able management of Henry Villard, will com bine the Northern Pacific and Oregon com panies, with a majority of stock in each. The capital of the new company will be $50,000,000. THE editor of the London Post publishes an able communication on the condition of Ireland, which is a plea for its independ ence. He shows that the policy of England is based upon wishes and asser tion instead of facts; the present land bill is a compromise between two social systems resting on purposes radically distinct; the Land League is an embodiment of ideas and proclivities of a radical nature; the only union possible is by consistent force on one side and timorous concession on the other. He express belief that the attempt to unite the two countries should be given up on ac count of its impossibility. TIlE Nihilists are laughing at Ignatieff's attempt to stamp them out of. existence. ernment has been destroyed by the reaction ary policy of the Czar, the contagion is spreading through the ranks of the army, and among the lowest peasantry. The fealty of the army has been questioned ever since the Turkish war, although the surmise was never certified. But it is becoming very ap parent that all sections of Russian society are agitated with political unrest, and that the mysterious terror of Nihilism, if it has not the active support of the masses of the Russian people, is the expiression of its dis content, which, if not appeased will grow into active participation. With this power so rapidly extending its influence, and the autocracy reduced to perfect inability to con trol it, the end of anarchy is reached, and revolution not far off. THE Utah & Northern railroad will push forward another extension of their line, and the company expects to get as far north as Fish creek, on the Jefferson river, by the close of the season. The work of grading is being actively pushed in the Jefferson can yon, and a surveying party is at work on the Missouri river, west of Gallatin City, and pushing rapidly towards Helena. By the close of another year the road will certainly be completed to the capital. Whether the road will be extended to Benton, we do not know, but the presumption is fair that it will be, for expressions of this probability have been frequently made by the railroad author ities. If it should not, an independent line will connect us with the capital, and the busi ness necessity of both Helena and Benton will urge its early completion. More certain and rapid means for carrying freight into the interior must be had, or the river trade will be destroyed. But it is our interest and the interest of all interior points to keep the river trade in an active and healthy condi tion, and this will insure a road to this point, whether the Union Pacific builds it or not. The Comet. A strange and wierd visitor from the depths of nethermost space has been visible n the northern heavens for some evenings past, supposed to be the great comet of 1811, which was among the three great cometary bodies of the present century. Its path or orbit are unknown, although its long period and rapid motion in perihelion indicate adis ance far beyond the outermost planet of the solar system. There is much difference of opinion as to the nature and structure of comets, and they probably differ greatly. Spectroscopic observation has proven that at east some of them have nucei (the part at the head that resembles a star) which shine vith their own light, and are probably gas -ous bodies in a state of incandescence. A -a ,,e a uam m m us ea e few of them are believed to be solid, but none have been shown to be of sufficient density to affect the planetary movements, and some are so light as to weigh but a few pounds. One of the largest that has ever been visible passed through the system of Jupiter without affecting it in any way what ever, which it would have done had it pos sessed only a small portion of the weight and density of a planetary body. Toe appendage which usually accompanies these bodies, and called the "tail," is something so very atten uated as have no more effect than a shadow. Starlight, which the thinnest summer cloud would render invisible, will pass through millions of miles of this substance without being dimmed. This comet (if it really is the one of 1811) was believed to have exerted a salutary influence on the crops by the French, whose vintage was exceptionally large and well flavored by its former visit. The present visitor is going northward and coming nearer. He has been watched for some time through the telescope before he became visible to unassisted vision. About the middle of August he will be at his best, though what his eratic course may be is not yet determined. Comets are not affected by the same laws that govern the balance of the community of the solar sysfem, for while the planets revolve in the same direction about the sun and about their axes, and in nearly the plane of the sun's equator, these fellows come from any direction, and at any angle, as though they came by accident, and were not fully under the government of the sun. A curious fact in relation to the motion of these visitors is that they come to ward the sun, with their appendage turned from him, and as they revolve around him the 'tai.' is always turned away and opposite from the sun, and they back out as if in the habit of paying royal respects to his central majesty. The inconceivable rapidity of their motion when near the sun renders this fact very curious, for, if the tail is com posed of anything at all that possessed weight, and if space is filled with anything whatever that could oppose resistance, they could not but be influenced to almost a degree of disorganizition, and it lends great plausi bility to the theory a lvanced that it is purely magnetic phenomena. The advent of these visitors has been hailed both as harbingers of disaster and g sod; but owing to a probability fact that they have no effect at all, one may give them any interpretation he chooses. The earth passed through the tail of the comet of 1838, but nobody knew it until af terward, and then it was only through math ematical analysis. The comet is 25 degrees 49 min. north of the equatorial plane, and passes the meridian at fifteen minutes past ten, and is going north at the rate of about a degree and a half daily. [Cloudy and hazy weather prevented accu rate observation, and the above figures are only approximate.] Senatorial Sensatlen. NEW YORK, June 22.-The Times' Albany special says : There was an exciting scene in the Delevan House to-night. Senator Madden met Conkling in one of the upper halls and extended his hand, which Conkling refused to accept. A bitter war of words followed. Madden answered, in severe tones, the sarcastic language of Conkling. The trouble arose because of certain strictures by Madden upon Conkling for resigning, which have been published. After some angry by-play, Conkling, who was thumping the floor with his cane, and stroking his gray beard with his free hand, eyed Madden keenly and then attempted to reprove him for his criticisms and particularly for having said that he (Conklin~g) was here button-hol ing members and soliciting their votes. Senator Madden blurted out : "I am not so polite as some members; perhaps I spoke too bluntly. I go across lots instead of going around. You don't suppose that I meant you were twisting buttons off men's coats, do you ?" The ex-Senator listened. Platt wilted. Madden, bold as a hero, did not wait to be invited, but kept on: "You know what words mean. You came back here seeking vindication. To say you were button-holing men here, may not have been accurately true, but you are here seek ing vindication. I spoke of you in public as a man clear through. If you think I spoke offensively, it is a great mistake all the way through." "But I would not have said such a thing of you." protested Conkling. And then he turned to go. "I tell you truth when I speak," said Sen ator Madden, and that is more than some men have done. You know, yourself, that fourteen years ago, you told me I was the only man who dared to tell you the truth clear through, and I believe it is true now." The ex-Senator held out his hand, hesita tingly, Madden. who is not an unforgiving man, took it, said "good-night," and the ex-Sena tor bowed and joined Platt. ADVER'I'ISED LETTERS. Remainina in the Post Office at Fort Benton, M. T. for the week ending June,'25. 1881. Parties calling for them will please ask for "Adver tised" letters. Allen, Joe Jrlion, Fred Blackorby, Lizzie Kennet, A. P. Bagnall, George Lerroux, A. M. Backland, Arland McClellan, J. F. Berry, Sam Millard, Byron Biankinbaker, Bob McCay, Donald Burns, James Iartin, Henry Bartum, S. F. Martin, W. J. Bover, J. J. McKensie, K Boyle, J. O. McCoekvie, J Churchill, O. H.. McCord, J. C. Clary, Chas. McDonald, Jas. ClarI, F. B. Nelson, Geo. Clark, Win. Olson, C. K. Connelly, Thos, Page, J. F. CIurry, Geo. Payton, Davis Day, Frank Ripley, Jackson Dickman, August Shikard, D. Enstey, Milt. 2 Strovel, Rubble tPoster, P. A. Smith, S. B. 2 lilkerson. J. O. Jmith, H Y. 2 Roodrich, A. W. Sally. Jno F. lolland & Murphy Sutter, S. E. Renneberry, J. B. Tweed. Jas. Tones, Francis Warehamr, Agnes. Jordan, Geo. M.A. FLANaAN, P M.