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THE RIVER PRESS.
Wednesday, December 7, 1881, JERRY COLLIN,- - - - - - - - EDITOR THIS is the age of cranks. THE flouring mill project should be agita ted. THE road to business success is outlined with printer's ink. ADVERTISING does not sleep. It is con stantly getting in its work. MILES TY is nearly the half way point between Lake Superior and the Pacific, GUITrrEAU's speech on Beecher should hang him. It is evidence strong as needed that he is rational. THE Barker mining camp is attracting the attention of the Territory. Barker will be a lively place next sammer, THE merchant who does not advertise, does no business. There are one or two strong cases in point in Benton. THa Northern Pacific railroad company is negotiating for the sale of a large tract of land, eighty miles west of Bismarck, to an English colony. THE RIVER PRESS will issue a holiday number devoted to the interests of Benton and country tributary. It ought to have a wide circulation. GAMBLING as to the nature of the verdict in the Guiteau case has already begun. Not a few are of the opinion that the jury will agree to disagree. STEPS should be taken in time to secure plenty ot building material for Benton next season. What will the Benton Bullding As sociation do in this direction ? GOVERNOR LONG, of Massachusetts, is sued his ThanKsgiving proclamation in rhyme for the most part. That ought to de feat him at the next hustings. UNCLE iAM is quite a dabbler in real es tate. During the past year he has sold eleven million acres of the public :donnin. A few choice corner lots :ye (:' AN exchange rem' t-.i if Guiteau was ever a member o ' -Jesus Christ & Co., as he cont; it is highly probable he wili - a his old as sociates again. THE Missouri riv:: Lzen solid at Bis marck while here ai ,:1,n!ni the weather is as mild as a May morning and the feirrymen continue business at the old stand. Gireat are the Chinooks! MnR. BLAINE says he o: not a candidate for Congress, for Senator, or for Minister abroad -but the least reference is not made to the Presidency. Mr. Blaine of Maine will be to the front again in 1884. THE English post office authorities have sent an agent to the continent to study the postal systems. He ought to come to the United States and interview Mr. Brady or Boss Dorsey on the beauties of the star route business. HENRY VILLARD, president of the North Pacific, is nothing if not a prince. He has just had built the finest car in the world. It is made in great part of mahogany and rose wood, and the lamps and mouldings are plat ed with gold. It is pronounced a royal pal ace on wheels.-Bismarck Tribune. BisHoP WHITTLE recently addressed a Boston Missionary Society in reference to the needs of the great North-west, spiritually and otherwise. He predicted that within the next century.there will be five hundred mil lion English speaking people between the Mississippi river and the Rockies. The Bish op is evidently a little enthusiastic on the subject. PRESIDENT VILLARD, of the North Pacific, is enterprising if he is anything. It is stated that he has closed a contract with Thomas Edison for the construction of fifty miles of railroad in Minnesota, to testlthe practicabil ity of electricity as a motive power on rail roads. If the project is a failure Edison will be the principal loser, The road will con nect St. Cloud with Minneapolis and St.Paul. THE New York Times says, in referenee to the National Tariff Convention: "It is the notorious purpose of the extreme protec tionists to secure a reduction in internal rev enue taxation in ,rder to postpone or prevent any reform of ty tariff." That is doubtless one of the objects of the convention. It is anything to beat a reform of the presentout-. rageous tariff. THE government' ingineer's estimate ..for river and harbor improvements for next year is $23,000,000, 1ut -of course - no such sum. will be allowed. TheSecretary of War will recommend the appropriation of $10,000,000 for this purpose id the comritteewillprob ably reduce the amount still further The Missouri river ought to come .I for a good slice of it. p( tlis. wy we are t iet ad toe nails for the "old flag and an ppopria tion"--for the Missou.ri river. IN speaking ofthe; lte tatrif cod entioq the Salt Lake Tribue; says:, 'There wAr in attendance practical men from all over the country and they were men who knew what they wanted." Exactly. They wanted an increase of duty on, the various articles manufactured by them so that they could further increase their profits at the expense of the consumers. It is very clear that they knew what they wanted, but we hope Con gress will not be inclined to grant their re quests. WE see it stated that Ex-Senator Freling huysen, of New Jersey, can not accept a cab inet position, if offered, for the reason that he has lost a goodly share of his fortune by the Newark bank failure, and can not live in Washington as a cabinet officer on a salary of $8,000 a year. A man who can not live on $8,000 a year at.Washington or any other place in the world-and lay by a few thou sand for a rainy day-ought not to be called to the front. If Frelinghuysen is that bort of a snob, President Arthur would do well to let him remain in retirement. Now that a fire company has been organ ized, we hope to see some measures taken to accumulate a fund for the purchase of an engine; so that Bonton will have better pro tection against fire. Our citizens can well afford to contribute something to that end. If a portion of the danger from fire is re moved, capitalists will more readily put their money in new buildings. Another important consideration is that in towns having an ef ficient fire department, with the necessary appliances to fight the fire fiend successfully, the rates of insurance are always lower. The rule would work the same way in Benton. A good fire department would bring the present outrageously high rates of insurance down a notch or two, and thus effect a considerable saving to every property owner who patron izes the insurance agent. As Benton is not an incorporated town, although it should be, its improvei..t.:, and material welfare rests in the hands of ,ae county commissioners. It is for them to say whether or not the streets are to be improved or the low, miasma-breeding places drained and made dry. By the s ion of the town it requires a large amount of drainage, for sanitary reasons among others, but as yet very little has be n done. Our commission ers, it seems :: have not given this subject the attention ; uire.. So far they have ,verlocked their ~;hi duty. The grand jury, recently in session, called their atten :ion to the fact and urged at least the proper Irainage of the court house square. As the lonorable board will be in session next week ;e hope they will not again overlook this mportant matter. The people of Benton )ay the bulk of the taxes, and :-aIir desires should receive some consideration at the lands of the county fathers. STOCK men are jubilant, and they have ample reasons for allowing their good feel ings to display themselves. This time last year, winter was a month olý. :idjthe stock had suffered not a little. rT.i je weath er of November and Deceniv;.m thinned out the herds to some extent, and rendered many that survived that long so weak that the cold and snows of January and February easily claimed them as victims. Up to this time, however, the weather has been most favor able for stock, and at no time during the summer have the herds been in better condi tion. It looks now as if no serious losses could occur, no matter how severe the re mainder of the winter may be, but no such weather is anticipated. Everybody is look ing forward to a mild winter, such as Mon tana is noted for, in which event the stock men will have cause to congratulate them selves. The prospect is as flattering as it could be. Another matter of moment to the stock men of Northern Montana is the fact that they are not liable to suffer any losses on account of the ravages of the red men. The good part taken by the military depart ment, or, more specifically, the troops at Fort Assinaboin, in keeping the British In dians on their own side of the line, has had a wholesome effect, and will probably prevent all losses of stock whatever from this source. The prospects are that cattle hides and sheep pelts will be scarce in this market next spring, and in this instance the rule is the fewer the merrier. THE people interested in the development of Glendive and the country surrounding have made arrangements to have a pamphlet issued, setting forth the advantages to immi gration in that vicinity. It will bring peo ple there by the thousand. Benton, with re sources ten times greater, than those of Glendive, needs just such a work for distri bution in the States.- The Northern Pacific railroad company has advertised Glendive and spread its fame throughout the East; Benton has never been advertised. The in ducements here offered for the investment of capital and to settlers of any class are almost entirely unknown outside of Montana. What few people in the states have heard of Fort B2enton, or aveJixed its location on the map, rave an idea it is a military post, where, perhaps, a few companies of- soldiers are lo cated for the piurpose of keeping the Indians at bay, while the country round about is an arid plain covered with several feet of snow during m he ar. To correct this ab surdly wrongimpressi and to attract capi-, taiand immigration to Benton would be the wholespome miniion _ such a pamphlet as ha beei contmpilatd The Rrvn PRE5S was lingto undertake the work of prepar xr ing and publishing the volume, bUpt the en v thusiasm on the subject is hardly great d enough to warrant us in neglecting our rapid 5 ly increasing business-especially when d there is a disposition on the part of any one e to throw cold water on the project. We still y believe, however, that the investment of a few hundred dollars in this way would bring many thousands in return to Bonton in the way of increased trade and increased valuation of property. t TRANSFORMI THE TERRITORIES INTO STATES. THE Salt Lake Tribune in an editorial of some length argues in favor of this proposi tion. It says: "Congress ought this winter to rearrange the boundary lines of the States and Territories of the Far West. They were t originally fixed in many cases because of natural boundary lines, like rivers or moun tain chains. These natural boundaries amount to nothing any more because railroads are creeping-all over the ranges and spanning all the rivers. This being the case, the lines should be straightened. Of course, before State lines can be changed.jthe States inter ested have to give their consent, but this can be obtained when it can be shown to be the best thing to do. The eight Western Terri tories might be squared up and made into about four States, which might be admitted at once into the Union, and then only the Indian Territory and District of Columbia would be denied Statehood, of all the Union. No political jealousies ought to stand in the way of this arrangement, because two of the States would come in as Democratic and two as Republican. The advantages would be apparent at a glance. Legislh~t1n for the Territories would be removed from Congress; the people who now reside in the Territories would become their own managers, and, moreover, would have not only a voice but a vote in the councils of the Nation and in the selection of Presidents." There is much to be said in favor of the Tribune's theory, but we fear the day is far distant when it will be carried into practical effect. How would the administration find places for the party workers and faithtul henchmen if there were no Territories to send them to ? If the sug gestion of the Tribune were put into effect it would cut off a big slice of patronage and to that extent weaken the prospects of the "ins" to the advantage of the "outs." This is the light in which a good partisan Con gressmen would look at the matter and with out regard to the justice of the case would vote against the measure. But the proposition to transform the Ter ritories into States is certainly founded on justice. All of the Territories are now rap idly increasing in population and as the rail roads are penetrating them in almost every direction their progress will be more rapid in the near future. Even now, four or per haps, six States could be formed out of the Territories, with sufficient population, and all else necessary for self gov ernment. Before many years all of these new made commonwealths would occupy proud places in the Union of States and al though the last admitted would be by no means least in importance. Whatever the policy of the government may be the time is not far distant when the wonderful resources and rapid development of the West will force recognition at the hands of Congress and Stateship will be readily conferred on many of the Territories, among the number the grandest Territory of them all, Montana. The Territorial governments are not in strict accordance with the spirit of our insti tutions. The civil and judicial officers are appointed by the President, and in too many instances the appointments are made more with reference to the party service rendered by the applicant than his qualifications for position. Not only have we no voice in the selection of the Chief Magistrate but are compelled to bow to the behests of whatever Territorial officers he may see fit to send out ] here from Ohio, or some other favored State. We are virtually ruled by satraps of the ad ministration just as the Persian provinces were; The rule is not as rigorous, perhaps, but the principle is the same. If the Terri tories are to be maintained greater political powers should be conferred upon them. They should have a voice in the selection of the President and be permitted to select their own officers. The better way, however, would be to form them into States as rapidly as their development and population would admit. The people of the Territories are as capable of self government anid of maintain ing the dignity of Stateship as the denizens of little Rhode Island or Alabama. Why should Dakota, with a population of 200,000, l be refused admission as a State? Why could not Montana, even, with a population of 50,000, which will be trebled inside of a year, maintain a state government and take her place as one of the "sovereigh commnin wealths ?" Trhe day is not far distant when our peoplei will be thundering at the doors of Congres for the right of managing thei o.n afi ffais for the right of self gov- T ernment; but unless a change of sentiment occurs in theEast it is hardly probable that their plea will be granted as soon as justice , RE NICKE ]ROUSE"' &n f~ivr Leavings T House i situate.on the Helena and Benton, road, just a nice day's drive fromt BenDton, making~ It" c3mnmocd t os or. travelers on the r~oad, SULLIVAN & GOSS, Harness and Saddle MANUFACTI RERS, Front Street, Benton. Mont. M'We keep a full line of Saddlery Hardware, Collars, Whips, Blankets and Coronas. Saddle-Trees of every description, including the celebrated IRON FORK and LIVE OAK TREES. Particular attention paid to the manu facrure of TEXAS, COLORADO, CHEYENNE AND MONTANA S¶LE STOCK SADDLES, Also all grades of Harness, from the Lightest to the Heaviest, suitable for Stock. men, Ranchmen, Freighters and others. No Machine Stitched Work in our Stock ! Ladies' Saddles always on hand. Highest Cash Price paid for Hides, Furs, Wool land Peltries. Prompt atteniion paid to orders by mail and satisfaction guaranteed. FORT BENTON, MONTANA, Wholesale and Retail Grocer AND DEALER IN DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, BOOTS AND SHOES, FURS AND PELTRIES, WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS, Our Grocery Department embraces all Staple and Fancy Articles, a few of which are Fresh Corn Meal, Oat Meal, Rice, Beans, Canned and Dried Fruits, Lard, Bacon and Hams, Canned Vegetables and Meats, Candles, Oils, Fish, Oysters, Extra Soap, Canned Syrups, Candies, Nuts and Notions. Fish Bros.' Freight and Farm Wagons, TOOLS, CUTLERY, Tinware Crookerv, Glassware, Toilet Artic.i., PATENT MEDICINES, PAINTS AND OILS. We havd in store one of the best selected Stocks ever imported into the Territory, and th trading puplic will find it to their advantage to get our prices befor buying elsewhere. STORAGE AND COMMISSION. Corner of Front and Bond Sts., Fort Benton. BAKER & DeLORIMER, NEXT DOOR TO COUR HOUSE, Ha received their large consignment of Entirely New Goods, have now opfm. and on display, in their new store, the Largest and Finest Stock of Dry Goods & Notions And everything pertaining to that trade ever brought to Benton. They will carry a large an 1 very complete assortment of LADIES', MISSES' AND CHILDREN'S SHOES, Which will be offered to the public at extremely low rates. Agents for the Domestic Paper Patt4erns. Mr. Baker has spent the entire winter in the East, selecting these goods and his purchaseeshavu been made with direct reference to the Benton market. STAMPINCG TO ORDER. No pains will be spare.:: ,y u' <-s mn'?: the favorite resort of the Ladies of Benton, and we respectfully ask . sh: th- sage. Orders from the outside carefully filled. MAer Sr., BENTC BAKER & DeLORIMER. m...-;,.^.- --r.. . -.-. ... .. -_ m| -e nm mmmmmn nmmmmmm mm·nma m FISHERS .iALL. Front 's Cornieof -St Stohn. ;6T BEN'ToN. The under gned has refitted the well known stand, formerly Lilly's Rall, and has stocked the Bar with thechoicest n .·.~, c - ' , Wines and Liquorsi, And the beat brands of I¶OBTRD ANiD D9IESTI) CIGARS.. And cordially invites his old freds nd customers to visit him at his new place. Ntopaiwillbe pared to make this te mst popular resort in Benton. 41 JO IFIHER. NEIL McINTYRE, Dealer in BOOTS AND SHOES Front Street, two doors above Poet Odtes, FORT BENTON. Ladies' and Misses' Shoes GENTS' WALK ING SROES, TCISTO, .E BORTS & SHOXS Emp oys nonebut ihe very best workmen and caSn guarantee a sure t} eerj.time.