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THE RI IVER PRESS. VolII. Benton, Montana, Wednesday, January 11, 1882 No. 12. , mmumm~ um, m .nnoa mm m n || w .. . -OF- NORTHERN MONTANA Transact a General Banking Business. Keep current accounts with merchants, stock men and others, subject to be drawn against by checks without notice. PAY INTEREST on TIME DEPOSITS We buy and sell Exchange on the commercial center of the United States. WE WILL GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO THE BUSINESS OF NORTHERN AND CENTRAL !IItNTANA, And will make such loans to stock men and farmers as are suited to their requirements. Local Securities a Specialty. Collections and all other business entrusted to us wil receive prompt and careful attention. COLLINS, DIEJL & CO. FRONT STREET, FORT BENx'ON, M. T. JNO. W. TATTAN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, FORT BENTON, - - MONTANA. Will buy and sell real estate and mining property of every deseripti,,n. Will turnish abstracts of titles of real estate in Choteau County. Commissions and terms reasonable. Conveyencing a Specialty. Office at County Clerk's Office, Court House building. J. A. KANOUSE, Attorney and Counselor at Law, 6 FORT BENTON, MONTANA. NOTARY PUBLIC AND JUSTICE of the PEACE, Main St., bet. Baker and St John, H. P. ROLFE, ATTORNEY and COUN ELOR AT LAW (Associated with Sanders & Cullen.) U. S. Deputy Dlineral Surveyer. Ten year's experience in government surve3 .ig. The best instruments used. Collections, in urance, mining,, homestead and all land claims attended to MAX. WATERMAN, ATTORNEY AT LAW, FT. BENTON, MRONTANA. Will practice in all the courts of the Territory. Spe cial attention given to criminal practice. W. B. SETTLE. W. S. STEVENSON SETTLE & STEVENSON, Attornls anl Counselors at Law, BE'TON, MONTANA. Will practice in all courts of the Territory. Collec tions promptly attended to; also the securing of pat ents and pensions, in connection with a general practice. ItOfllce in brick building opposite Court House. ARTHUR G. HATCH. Attorney at Law -AND NOTARY PUBLIC. WHITE SULPHUR SPRINes, : : : M. T. 'iFSpecial attention given to collections, FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE -AND REAL ESTATE AGENOY. First-Class Compsnri s, poseaesinw assets oUFOUR TEEN MILLION DOLLARS. Represented by H. P.ROLFE. DAVIS A BENNETT. ASSAYERS Butte, Montana. Samples from a distance attended to immediately and returns made the following day. PRICES. Gold, Sllver and Lead, * - 3.00 Mlver, . . . . . s0OO Copper, - . . . . . 8O JOHN W, DEWEY, Civil Engineer, ARCHITEOT -AND United States Dep,Mineral 8urveyor BENTON, ONlTANA. C. M. LANNING, -DALER IN WatchesClocksJewdj ST. JOHK BRBT, Fort Benton, Montana. Ien a ea#lini r. oaRDEr $T ut Dl W M LT APETWD To First National OF Fort Benton. W. G. CONRAD, President Jos. S. HILL, Vice-President R. A. LUKE, Cashier WE TIANSACT A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESn. Will issue Exchange or Telegraphic Transfers, available in all parts of the United States, Canadas and Europe. Buy aV the highest rates, Gold Dust, Coin, Gold and Silver Bullion and Local Securities. Keep current accounts with merchants, stockmen freighters and others subject to sight drafts. Will pay special attention to collections, and al other business entrusted to our care. Will pay interest , n time deposits, and discount notes or bankable paper. Will make advances to merchants, s'ock dealers and others, as are suited to their requirements. Will give freight rates on wool to all Eastern cities, nd make liberal advances on same at a low rate of nterest. S. T. HkUSER " T. C. POWER D W. G, CONRAD, J(S. 8. HILL, Directors. JNO. HUNS"BERGER R. A. LUKI, , W. J. MINAR, OR U gIST -AND- Pharmacist, FRONT STREET, FT. BENTON, - - MONTANA. DEALER IN Paints, Oils and Varnish, Keeps always on hand a ft-t ad most Otibifete stock of fine STATIONARY, Perfumery, Toilet A rticles, AND NOTIONS. FINE CICARS Of the Choicest and Most Popular Brands, are kep constantly in stock. ART GALLERY The undereigned would respectfully inform the citi zens of Benton and vicinity that he has fitted up rooms on the Corner Main and Power St., And is now prepared to do the very beat of work in his line. Ot loo Scer lent l al 11lBiI is A specialty. Work done at Helena rates, and guar anteed to be equal to any in the Territory. 2-2 JUSTUS FEY. PALACE PARLORS Front Street, Fort Benton. Finest Tonsorial Parlors III THlE NORTRWEST. SAlIE SP AIIIG, Preprastsor New Ferry Boat EwImmgzr~~ *j4*.~ 'if. · THE RIVER PRESS. Terms, ..........................$5.00 per Year COLLINS & STEVENS, P .bliskr.era. All letters and communications containing matter in tended for publication in this paper, should be addressed to "The River Press," and the name of the writer must be given to insure attention. Local advertisements will be inserted in these columns at the rate of fifteen cents per line from transient and ten cents per line from regular advertisers. RATES OF ADYERTISIiG: One Column, 1 year...............................$1715 6 months......................... 100 cc 3 " .... ............ ..... ... 75 Half Column, 1 year ............................ 100 6 months ......................... 75 ". 3 " ......................... 40 One-Third Column, 1 year ...................... 80 "l 6 months ................. 45 (" 3 months ................... Quarter Column, 1 year......................... 75 6 6 months ... ................... 40 " 33month ....................... 30 rhree inches, 1 year .................... ..... 50 6 months ....................... 30 " months................ ......... 25 Professional Cards, 1 inch, 1 year............... 15 Rates for Transient Advertisements given at office. THE MULLAN PASS. A Jubilee Held Over the Starting of the Machinery. A Neat Speech by Col. J. T. Dodge in Res ponse to a Toast. On Thursday of last week the Ingersoll drills were started at the Mullan Pass, and the work of piercing the main Rocky range began in earnest. The important e'ent was made the occasion of a "tunnel jubilee" by the citizens of Helena, many of whom were on hand to witness the starting of the ma chinery. After a thorough examination of the "hole" and drills, the large party ad journed to the Morrison House, at the loot of the hill, where a banquet spread awaited them. Then followed toasts and responses, a genuine "feast of reason and flow of soul." Col. J. T. Dodge responded in substance as follows to the toast, "The Northern Pacific Railroad; its managers, Villard and Oakes." It is very fitting that we should assemble here to-day to celebrate the beginning of our great step in one of the great enterprises of the age. In seeking a route across the Main Range of the Rocky Mountains, we came here to the lowest of all the available passes. We find Deer Lodge ;gs f 868 f, et ; Iittle FPipestdne, 6,455; ulian tpass, 5,762. Ascending trom Ten Mile creek by a grade as steep as the steepest on the Baltimore & Ohio-a great representative steep grade road-we still fall 280 feet short of attaining the summit. Although the line is developed along these hills to the utmost practical limil, crossing two immense ravines at the hight of nearly 90 feet, and making a wsy through the projecting spurs by heavy rock cutting, still we find ourselves in this narrow valley, shut in by rocky cliffs to,o high to be sur mounted or to be overcome by an open cut. The grade on this line as now run passes 363 feet below the surface and emerges in a beautiful, broad and fertile basin on the other side. Our only esctpe from this en vironment is by a tunnel 3,850 feet in length, or nearly three-fourths of a mile. It is to be made 16 feet wide and 20 feet high to the crown of the arch. The material bids fair to be solid granite from end to end and of uniform quality, un less we should happen to find a mine of the precious metals. The material, as you have seen, is to be moved in cars on an Iron track, and is to form the large embankment at the eastern end. It is not unlikely that we may meet numer ous veins of water, sufficient to form quite a rivulet, as we proceed, although it appears so dry and impervious now. But with our mod ern appliances for blasting, water offers lit tle hindrance to the work. The able and experienced contractor to whom the company entrusts the work ex pects to advance five feet per day from this ·end, and continue work day and night from this time on until its completion. Two steam boilers and two powerful air compressors will furnish power for t per, .t ingthe greatdrills with which holes wilU bt sunk ten seet deep. The air which transmits the power will, by its liberation, furnish pure air to the work men. Giant powder, which is the fitting ac companiment of these power drills, will rend these rocks with a force never known till the latter halt of this century. Engineers with their lamps and instruments will make their weekly visits to the dark cavern, to give the proper points to guide the work as it pro gresses. I have thus stated some of the dry and naked tacts connected with this enterprise, but it is to me something more than an im mense job of work. We are here today in obedience t'b the spirit of this age. We are here to initiate one of the grand steps in the march of human progress. -Inspired by the spirit of the age, a body of men has been organized into the corporation known as the Žorthern Pacific Railroad omnpaly. Its grand purpose is to make a highiray across the continent. To effect this it has, among othqrthhings, drawn together by the eaan power of money, a small army of nee, each working n an ap propriate spbiere and with due abordinatlon, el tending t o at.grand result. We who be long to that class, while worklng according ;ide1 -el d ilafe, end ot e.id tere .h:~ ,wa fo, ~x~t~~ wvi~o 4iiSR 71~RPN uST.l::~iSS~· T2wu everlasting hill, whica hast stood here for countless ages of the pasi, which hast withstood the heats and'colds, the storms and tempests of centuries, the lightnings and thunderbolts of heaven : thou symbol of the immutable and the eternal, in the name of that sublime faculty in man which laughs at impossibilities and aspires to overcome all physical obstacles, we command thee to open before us for this highway of nations! Give thou up the secrets which thou hast kept since the foundation of the world. Let the iron bands which bind peoples and nations together pass through thee. We will tear thy a-ide with pick and spade. We will rain up on thy rocks blows of steel heavier than thunderbolts; will rend them with mightiest explosives; will drain thy hidden veins with new channels, and will let daylight penetrate 'where only darkness has brooded forever. Thenceforward shall we behold that grand procession which in the dim distance is even now approaching. Daily will it move for ward with the speed of the whirlwind and breath of fire. Here shall ebb and flow the tide of human life. Here our kinsmen of the E -st, our f:iends from Europe, and strang ers from tar-off continents shall daily pass tl r )ugh. Here the devotees of art, of science, of poetry. of learning, of religion, of business and of pleasure shall come in a ceaseless tide. Here shall come agriculture, with her baunds filled with plenty, commerce with the wealth and wares of nations, and invention with its benificent and undreamed of de vices. Here the fruits of California, the teas, the spices and the silks of China shall meet the products of mines which have lain hidden 'n these mountains for uncounted ages. We whose thou! hts are now to be engraved upon these hills may hope to see them wrought out to a complete and happy realiza tion. Those younger in years to whom will be entrusted the labor of carrying out these plans will come prepared to the places which are soon to be vacated and fill them with honor to themselves and profit to their em ployers. When these ideas shall be realized we shall one by one go to other scenes and labors; but we may well hope that while the breezes play about these mountains; while the pines and furs are green upon their sum mits and the crystal waters flow down their furrowed sides, the work we this day begin may endure and may bless those who come after us until the latest syllable of recorded time. UP THE MISSOURI IN '62. A Few Leaves from the Diary of a Pas senger on the Steamer Emilie. While looking over his old papers, a few drys ago, Mr. W. H. Todd unearthed a little black-backed book, which upon examination proved to bhe a faithful record of passing events in 1862, made by one of the many who that year came to Montana in search of gold. Who the author is, or was, is not set forth, but we take the privilege of copying a few notes in reference to his trip up the Big Muddy in 1862, when navigating that stream was rather a hezirdous undertaking. He tells us at the outset that on Wednes day, May 13th, 1862, he left St. Louis on the Emilie with 80 cabin passengers and 53 deck, arriving at Fort Benton on June 171th. Then follow brief notes of each d.ay's evew:ts. We give a few of the entries to contrast steam boating on the Missouri then and now. Friday, May 16.- Arrived at .h ffe.rson City at 8 p. m. Stormy and cold night; got on several sand bars and off in safety again. Passed the Estello at 4 p. m. 18th.-Struck a snag; tore up deck, but no serious damage. Put a nigger ashore at Brownsville, Nebraska Territory, for quar reling. 28d.-Fine weather; arrived at Sioux City, a town of about 1,000 inhabitants; it lays be low the mouth of the Sioux river. Several of our party walked seven miles across the country and beat the steamboat. Posted a letter to wife and one to Connor. 25th.-A.rived at Yankton, Sioux settle mept, and saw about 500 men, women and children and 150 wigwams. Came to another Indian settlement about 2 p. m. Heavy storm. Saw plenty of antelope and deer. 27th.-Arrived at Big Bend. Saw the first herd of buffalo; killed seiveral. 28th.--Stopped to cut wood. Henry and myself took our guns and came across a herd of buffalo. I shot at an old bull with my shotgun, distance about 100 yards, but with out effect, having only buckshot. 29th.-Walked across the country to -Fort Pierre. Boat got aground. Out all night without food or covering. Rained all night. Thirty-five in the party; had a rough time of it, and no whisky. 30th.-Boat got off the bar inthe morning and took us aboard near Fort Plerre-a large Indian settlement. Some of the chiefs came on board and traded for trinkets. Killed a buff;lor swimming across the river; about 50 shots fired and only three took effect. Great excitement and some danger from the indis criminate firing. Firing prohibited on the boat for the future. June 2d.-Hostile Indians, Loaded the Cannon; c0naslderablegesticulatl-n, nobody hart. 8th.-Arr-ived at Fort Berthold. Saw 8-00 warriore; about 200 women and children. ~ime up to the Spre.ad Iagle and Key West, nd atU woodediad pt up for thea ight. 4tth.- e8prsed Jagla ranint au for the bal~. apt. Lbnrp ttl~lipted a~Aoos thes plaBt ~~v ~' retd as llth.-Passed Milk river. Some of the party left on shore to travel through to Fort Benton to let the Indians know their annui ties were coming, and to trade for carrying ponies. 14th.-Saw two wolves; met a trading barge-a mackinaw boat. Scenery grand; antelope thick. 16th.--Scenery grand and picturesque. Wolves, antelope, deer, mountain sheep and buffalo plenty. Passed the Marias river. 17th.-Weather cool and pleasant. Arrived at Fort.Benton at 12 noon. Held a meeting in the evening and christened our landing (about a mile above the fort) Fort Laburge. Those who had tents pitched them. '1 here were only about 20 lodges of Indians at the fort, the rest of the tribe being away. Diffi culty in securing ponies for packing; uo fish or game in this vicinity; thousands of mus quitos. 29th.-Some few ponies secured; 30 of the party started for the mines. The Spread E isle and Key West arrived; four men on ihe Spread E-tg! cirowned within sight ot the tort, in crossing the rapids. 23d.-Bought old wheels to rig up a cart. Bartlett shot his son by accident and killed him. More leaving for the mines; ponies scarce and very high priced; I will wait for a fresh supply. There is much more, but this will suffice to give some idea of navigation on the Missouri at that time, and as well to show what changes the whirligig of time will bring about in twenty years. At that time the In dian was about the only resident' along the Missouri from St. Louis, almost, to Benton. Sioux City only had 1,000 inhabitants, and Bismarck was not born. Fort Benton was only a trading post, with scarcely a white person in it. The Northwest, including the territory now known as Nebraska, Dakota, Wyoming and Montana, was almost un known. The first settlement had scarcely been made in Dakota, which has now over 200,000 inhabitants and is knocking for ad mission to the union of States. The geog raphy did not show such a place as Montana, now the richest and most promising of all the Territories, and the writer of the above diary was one of the vanguard of gold seek ers in the Territory. Twenty years hence how much greater, even, will the change be! THE MUSSELSHELL MURDER. Particulars of the Killing of Ed. Graveline by Half-Breeds. From Big Spring Creek the news reaches Benton of a most cold-blooded and unpro voked murder, near the mouth of the Mussel shell, on the 27th ult. So far as our inform ation goes, the particulars are as follows: Edward Graveline and George Bert have a trading post estiblished near the mouth of the Musselshell, the former being in charge, where they do considerable trading with the Indians and half-breeds in that part of the country. On the evening of the above date two half-breeds, whose names are unknown, came into the store and wanted to get some things on credit, which Graveline refused them. This appeared to rile the men, and they went outside and commenced lring off their guns to show, it is supposed, their in dignation at the refusalof their request. This exhibition of their displeasure appears not to have had the effect of soothing their ruffled feelings, but only to have increased their vio lence; for a few moments afterward they stole up to the store, took aim at Graveline through the window and fired, the ball pass ing through his heart. Graveline turned to George Legacy, who was standing near him, and asked, "Are you shot, too ?" and drop ped dead. I se ball went clear through him and came o,, on the right side, Cyprien Matt. who was oneof thejparties in the store at the time, caught up his rifle and ran out side, but could see no one, the murderers hav ing fled immediately after firing the shot. The murdered man was quite well known in Benton. He was a French Canadian from Lower Canada, and was a carpenter by trade. He was about 28 years of age, and is said by those who knew him to hlve been a fine young man, of good habits. Bis sudden and unhappy death is regretted by all his friends. The body was taken to Big Spring Creek for burial, and the people of that place have made up a purse of $250 for the apprehen sion of the murderers, which amount will doubtless be increased by the authorities, and we have hopes that this, coupled with the in dignation which the coiardly deed has aroused, will lead to their speedy capture and punishment. FlghtlUug Fina Not Fina·ish. The latest reporirom Barker is to the effect that FPinn is still alive and improving. The probability is that he will recover from the terrible woaund received, although the crisis not past by any means. Lynch has been arrested and placed under bonds of $,000, to await the action of the Grand Jury of Meagher aounty. Although Fina habeen lby so esao a ut pdel citlen, the action of Lyncoh is not uphold by public onanlou.